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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045341/effect-of-antihypertensive-treatment-on-24-h-blood-pressure-variability-pooled-individual-data-analysis-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-studies-based-on-olmesartan-mono-or-combination-treatment
#1
Stefano Omboni, Kazuomi Kario, George Bakris, Gianfranco Parati
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of olmesartan alone or combined with one to three antihypertensive drugs on 24-h blood pressure variability (BPV) and on distribution of BP reduction in a pooled individual data analysis of 10 double-blind, randomized, ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) studies. METHODS: ABPMs were performed before and after 6-12 weeks of treatment with placebo (n = 119), active control monotherapy [n = 1195, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (DCCBs)], or DCCBs), olmesartan monotherapy (n = 1410), active control dual combination [n = 79, DCCB + thiazide diuretic (TD)], olmesartan dual combination (n = 637, DCCB or TD), and triple combination therapy (n = 102, DCCB+TD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040398/correlation-of-blood-pressure-variability-as-measured-by-clinic-self-measurement-at-home-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring
#2
J Abellán-Huerta, L Prieto-Valiente, S Montoro-García, J Abellán-Alemán, F Soria-Arcos
Background: Blood pressure variability (BPV) has been postulated as a potential predictor of cardiovascular outcomes. No agreement exists as to which measurement method is best for BPV estimation. We attempt to assess the correlation between BPV obtained at the doctor's office, self-measurement at home (SMBP) and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Methods: Eight weekly clinic BP measurements, two SMBP series and one 24-hour ABPM recording were carried out in a sample of treated hypertensive patients...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033973/comparison-of-central-ambulatory-home-and-office-blood-pressure-measurement-as-risk-markers-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-hypertensive-patients
#3
Teodora Yaneva-Sirakova, Latchezar Traykov, Julia Petrova, Dobrin Vassilev
AIMS: We compared the role of central blood pressure (BP), ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), home-measured BP (HMBP) and office BP measurement as risk markers for the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: 70 hypertensive patients on combination medical therapy were studied. Their mean age was 64.97 ± 8.88 years. Eighteen (25.71%) were males and 52 (74.28%) females. All of the patients underwent full physical examination, laboratory screening, echocardiography, and office, ambulatory, home and central BP measurement...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032666/24-hour-blood-pressure-response-to-lower-dose-30-mg-fimasartan-in-korean-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-essential-hypertension
#4
Hae-Young Lee, Cheol-Ho Kim, Jae-Kwan Song, Shung Chull Chae, Myung Ho Jeong, Dong-Soo Kim, Byung-Hee Oh
Background/Aims: Fimasartan is an angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) which has comparable efficacy and tolerability with other ARBs. The aim of this study was to evaluate 24-hour blood pressure (BP) lowering efficacy and the tolerability of the low dose fimasartan compared with valsartan in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Methods: This study was a phase II, prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-grouped trial. A total of 75 hypertensive patients, whose mean ambulatory BP monitoring values were ≥ 135/85 mmHg, were randomized to either fimasartan 30 mg or valsartan 80 mg daily...
October 17, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020268/office-blood-pressure-or-ambulatory-blood-pressure-for-the-prediction-of-cardiovascular-events
#5
Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Jørgen Lykke Jeppesen, Christian Torp-Pedersen
Aims: To determine the added value of (i) 24-h ambulatory blood pressure relative to office blood pressure and (ii) night-time ambulatory blood pressure relative to daytime ambulatory blood pressure for 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. Methods and results: A total of 7927 participants were included from the International Database on Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes. We used cause-specific Cox regression to predict 10-year person-specific absolute risks of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events...
August 16, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018827/low-levels-of-usual-physical-activity-are-associated-with-higher-24%C3%A2-h-blood-pressure-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Alessandra Teixeira Neto Zucatti, Tatiana Pedroso de Paula, Luciana Verçoza Viana, Rafael DallAgnol, Felipe Vogt Cureau, Mirela Jobim Azevedo, Jorge Luiz Gross, Beatriz D Schaan, Cristiane Bauermann Leitao
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between usual physical activity and 24 h blood pressure (BP) profile in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This is a cross-sectional study of 151 participants with type 2 DM. Usual physical activity was assessed by step counting and self-reported questionnaire. BP was measured in office and by 24 h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM; 24 h, daytime and nighttime). Mean participant age was 61.1 ± 8.4 years, 64% was women, and mean duration of diabetes was 14...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992284/plasma-homocysteine-levels-are-associated-with-circadian-blood-pressure-variation-in-chinese-hypertensive-adults
#7
Yi-Fei Dong, Bi-Ming Zhan, Qing-Yun Hao, Zhao-Hui Ruan, Zi-Xuan Xu, Ming Deng, Da-Wei Chen, Ye-Qing Zou, Jing Chen, Ping Li, Xiao-Shu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Homocysteine-lowering intervention with folate was recently shown to be able to increase day-night difference of blood pressure (BP) in humans indicating a potential relationship between homocysteine and circadian BP variation. We thus sought to investigate the association between plasma total homocysteine level (tHcy) and circadian BP variation in hypertensive adults. METHODS: We enrolled 244 eligible dipping and 249 nondipping BP status adults from 560 adults who were randomly sampled from 5,233 Chinese hypertensive adults who received ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992220/blood-pressure-and-arterial-stiffness-in-kenyan-adolescents-with-the-sickle-cell-trait
#8
Anthony O Etyang, Christopher K Wandabwa, Sailoki Kapesa, Esther Muthumbi, Emily Odipo, Marylene Wamukoya, Nicholas Ngomi, Tilahun Haregu, Catherine Kyobutungi, Thomas N Williams, Johnstone Makale, Alex Macharia, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Liam Smeeth, J Anthony G Scott
The potential association between sickle cell trait (SCT) and increased arterial stiffness/blood pressure (BP) has not been evaluated in detail despite its association with stroke, sudden death and renal disease. We performed 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and arterial stiffness measurements in adolescents raised in a malaria free environment in Kenya.Between December 2015 and June 2016, 938 randomly selected adolescents that had been continuous residents of Nairobi from birth were invited to participate in the study...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992112/comparison-of-optimal-diagnostic-thresholds-of-hypertension-with-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-24-hour-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring
#9
Jin-Sun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, June Namgung, Sung Yun Lee, Deok-Kyu Cho, Tae-Young Choi, Seok Yeon Kim, Jang Young Kim, Sang Min Park, Jae Hyuk Choi, Jae Hang Lee, Hae-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Differences between the recently suggested outcome-driven diagnostic threshold of home blood pressure (HBP) measurements and the currently recommended diagnostic threshold of HBP measurements may cause a disagreement between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and HBP measurements in the diagnosis of hypertension. We evaluated the agreement of various HBP diagnostic thresholds (135/85, 130/85, and 130/80 mm Hg) to ABP measurements, as a reference method. METHODS: Patients who were confirmed to have high BP (≥140/90 mm Hg) at the outpatient clinic were referred...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991728/screening-for-cognitive-impairment-by-model-assisted-cerebral-blood-flow-estimation
#10
Toni Lassila, Luigi Yuri Di Marco, Micaela Mitolo, Vincenzo Iaia, Giorgio Levedianos, Annalena Venneri, Alejandro F Frangi
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and debilitating neurodegenerative disease; a major health concern in the ageing population with an estimated prevalence of 46 million dementia cases worldwide. Early diagnosis is therefore crucial so mitigating treatments can be initiated at an early stage. Cerebral hypoperfusion has been linked with blood-brain barrier dysfunction in the early stages of AD, and screening for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in individuals has been proposed for improving the early diagnosis of AD...
October 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985341/relationship-between-blood-pressure-variability-and-cognitive-function-in-elderly-patients-with-well-blood-pressure-control
#11
Natsuki Cho, Satoshi Hoshide, Masafumi Nishizawa, Takeshi Fujiwara, Kazuomi Kario
BACKGROUND: Although higher blood pressure (BP) levels and BP variability have been associated with cognitive impairment, data are sparse regarding the relationship between BP variability and cognitive function in elderly patients with well BP control. METHODS: We analyzed 232 ambulatory patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factors. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and the Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-J). RESULTS: The mean age was 77...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985278/post-exercise-hypotension-after-aquatic-exercise-in-older-women-with-hypertension-a-randomized-crossover-clinical-trial
#12
R M Cunha, A M Costa, C N F Silva, T I Rolim, L S Pescatello, A M Lehnen
Background: Hypertension can be prevented and modified with lifestyle interventions that include regular exercise. Aquatic exercise is widely recommended for older adults for a variety of health benefits, but few studies have assessed the immediate ambulatory blood pressure (BP) response to aquatic exercise, a response termed post-exercise hypotension (PEH). Thus, we assessed PEH after a session of aquatic exercise in physically active, older women with hypertension. Methods: Twenty-four women 70...
September 7, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985271/ecg-voltage-in-relation-to-peripheral-and-central-ambulatory-blood-pressure
#13
Wen-Yi Yang, Blerim Mujaj, Ljupcho Efremov, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Lutgarde Thijs, Fang-Fei Wei, Qi-Fang Huang, Aernout Luttun, Peter Verhamme, Tim S Nawrot, José Boggia, Jan A Staessen
BACKGROUND: The heart ejects in the central elastic arteries. No previous study in workers described the diurnal profile of central blood pressure (BP) or addressed the question whether ECG indexes are more closely associated with central than peripheral BP. METHODS: In 177 men (mean age, 29.1 years), we compared the associations of ECG indexes with brachial and central ambulatory BP, measured over 24 hours by the validated oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA monitor...
September 9, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982776/blood-pressure-response-to-cpap-treatment-in-subjects-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-the-predictive-value-of-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring
#14
Anabel L Castro-Grattoni, Gerard Torres, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Ferran Barbé, Cecilia Turino, Alicia Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Anunciacion Cortijo, Joaquin Duran-Cantolla, Carlos Egea, Gonzalo Cao, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre
The reduction in blood pressure (BP) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is modest and highly variable. In this study, we identified the variables that predict BP response to CPAP.24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, adiponectin and 24-h urinary catecholamine were measured before and after 6 months of CPAP in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients.Overall, 88 middle-aged, obese male patients with severe OSA (median apnoea-hypopnoea index 42 events·h(-1)) were included; 28...
October 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980066/blood-pressure-profile-is-associated-with-microalbuminuria-and-retinopathy-in-hypertensive-nondiabetic-patients
#15
Berrin Karadag, Tolga Ozyigit, Zeliha Serindag, Aysegul Ilhan, Beste Ozben
BACKGROUND: Target organ damage is important for global cardiovascular risk assessment. The aim of this study was to explore the association between the blood pressure profile and end-organ damage in a hypertensive non-diabetic cohort. METHODS: A total of 560 consecutive hypertensive nondiabetic patients (mean age: 58.2 ± 13.3 years, 221 men) were included in the study. All patients underwent thorough physical examination including fundoscopic examination. First morning urine samples were obtained from each patient and measurement of the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in first morning urine collection samples was used for diagnosis of microalbuminuria...
October 4, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959101/evaluation-of-daily-blood-pressure-alteration-in-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#16
Ismail Polat Canbolat, Erdal Belen, Akif Bayyigit, Aysen Helvaci, Kadriye Kilickesmez
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid dysfunction in the general population. The relationship between overt thyroid dysfunction and hypertension is generally understood. Besides high blood pressure, non-dipper hypertension is known to increase cardiovascular risk. Our aim is to investigate daily blood pressure changes and the frequency of non-dipping patterns in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. METHODS: Forty-nine patients without hypertension with subclinical hypothyroidism were compared with 50 healthy sex- and age-matched controls using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
September 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956652/association-between-sleep-disorders-and-morning-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-patients
#17
Xinran Li, Jiangbo Li, Kai Liu, Shenzhen Gong, Rufeng Shi, Pei Pan, Yujie Yang, Xiaoping Chen
Sleep disorders are known to increase the risk of hypertension, yet few studies have investigated the relation between sleep disorders and morning blood pressure (BP). This study aimed to determine, whether the morning BP is associated with sleep quality and sleep-disordered breathing. A total of 144 hypertensive patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Each subject underwent anthropometric measurements, biochemical testing, 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring, and polysomnography (PSG). Sleep quality and sleep-disordered breathing were determined by PSG parameters of sleep architecture and sleep respiratory...
September 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953591/twenty-four-hour-aortic-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-target-organ-damage-more-data-are-needed
#18
Athanase D Protogerou, James E Sharman, Siegfried Wassertheurer, Thomas Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948314/masked-isolated-nocturnal-hypertension-in-children-and-young-adults
#19
Hisayo Fujita, Seiji Matsuoka, Midori Awazu
Isolated nocturnal hypertension (INH) is characterized by normal daytime blood pressure (BP) and elevated nighttime BP diagnosed by ambulatory BP monitoring. Masked isolated nocturnal hypertension (MINH) is a subtype of INH in which office BP is normal. We studied the frequency and characteristics of INH and MINH in children and young adults. One hundred and ninety-eight subjects seen by the pediatric nephrology service were studied retrospectively. Isolated nocturnal hypertension (INH) and MINH were diagnosed according to daytime and nighttime ABP and office BP in the case of the latter...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942606/daytime-napping-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-relevancy-in-asian-populations
#20
Michael Bursztyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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