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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664499/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-school-children-with-a-history-of-extreme-prematurity
#1
Andrea Solís, Jaime Cerda, Claudia González
INTRODUCTION: Extremely premature children have a higher incidence of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and risk of renal damage due to decreased glomerular count with consequent hyperfiltration of the remnants. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of altered blood pressure values in outpatient measurement and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in preterm infants ≤ 32 weeks and/ or ≤ 1,500 g birth weight between 5 and 7 years of age, as well as the presence of early renal damage markers...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651574/nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-is-similar-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-as-compared-to-a-normal-population
#2
O Turgay Yildirim, E Gonullu, F Aydin, E Aksit, A Huseyinoglu Aydin, E Dagtekin
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune inflammatory disorder which further doubles the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Some studies suggest that in RA patients, the prevalence of hypertension increases due to prednisolone use, clinical status, genetic factors, and physical inactivity. On the other hand, dipper and non-dipper status in RA patients compared to non-RA subjects has not been investigated to our knowledge. Purpose of the study is to investigate whether non-dipper status is more deteriorated in RA patients...
April 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644805/role-of-autonomic-nervous-activity-as-measured-by-heart-rate-variability-on-the-effect-of-mortality-in-disabled-older-adults-with-low-blood-pressure-in-long-term-care
#3
Koji Shibasaki, Sumito Ogawa, Shizuru Yamada, Yasuyoshi Ouchi, Masahiro Akishita
AIM: Previous studies have shown the relationship between low blood pressure and high mortality in frail, disabled older adults in long-term care. However, the mechanism of this relationship is still unclear. We hypothesized that autonomic nervous activity decline is involved in the relationship between low blood pressure and high mortality. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study recruited 61 participants aged ≥75 years. The data from 24-h Holter monitoring and blood pressure recorded by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were collected...
April 11, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643875/association-of-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-with-ambulatory-arterial-stiffness-index-in-acromegaly-patients
#4
Faruk Kilinc, Zafer Pekkolay, Fatih Demircan, Nevzat Gozel, Alpaslan Kemal Tuzcu
Objective: In this study, we determined the relationship between the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with acromegaly. Methods: Sixty-five patients with acromegaly, who visited to Dicle University Medical Faculty Department of Endocrinology (33 females and 32 males), were included in this study. The study control group consisted of 65 subjects. Demographic and clinical data were recorded. Laboratory data (complete blood count, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, electrolytes, albumin, lipid profile, growth hormone [GH], insulin-like growth factor-1, and the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test) performed over the last year were evaluated...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627767/attended-and-unattended-automated-office-blood-pressure-measurements-have-better-agreement-with-ambulatory-monitoring-than-conventional-office-readings
#5
Emmanuel A Andreadis, Charalampia V Geladari, Epameinondas T Angelopoulos, Florentia S Savva, Anna I Georgantoni, Vasilios Papademetriou
BACKGROUND: Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) measurement is superior to conventional office blood pressure (OBP) because it eliminates the "white coat effect" and shows a strong association with ambulatory blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 146 participants with office hypertension, and we compared AOBP readings, taken with or without the presence of study personnel, before and after the conventional office readings to determine whether their variation in blood pressure showed a difference in blood pressure values...
April 7, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623136/the-effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-premature-ventricular-contractions-and-ventricular-wall-stress-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-sleep-apnea
#6
Sabri Seyis, Adnan Kazım Usalan, Ibrahim Rencuzogullari, Özge Kurmuş, Adil Can Gungen
Background: We aimed to investigate the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on electrocardiography (ECG), premature ventricular contraction load on 24-hour Holter recordings, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and heart failure. Methods: Patients with heart failure and ICD and patients with newly diagnosed OSAS were divided into two groups according to CPAP treatment...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622755/effects-of-pharmacological-reversal-of-hyperuricemia-on-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-gouty-arthritis
#7
Mariana Marin, Naim M Maalouf
Hyperuricemia has been associated in epidemiological studies with the development of obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether lowering of serum uric acid (UA) alters any of the features of the metabolic syndrome. In this prospective study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01654276), 24 patients with gouty arthritis and hyperuricemia were treated for 6 months with the xanthine oxidase inhibitor febuxostat to lower serum UA to <6 mg/dL. Measurements of 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and serum and urine markers of the metabolic syndrome were measured at baseline and at the end of 6 months of febuxostat...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619872/association-of-short-term-blood-pressure-variability-with-cardiovascular-mortality-among-incident-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Yiduo Feng, Ziqian Li, Jing Liu, Fang Sun, Lijie Ma, Yang Shen, Yilun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of short-term blood pressure variability (BPV) with cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients, using a reliable index called average real variability (ARV), and to assess the factors associated with ARV in incident HD population. METHODS: A total of 103 HD patients were recruited, with 44-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring performed after the midweek HD session. Systolic BPV was assessed by SD, coefficient of variation (CV), and ARV, respectively...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619250/relationship-between-autonomic-cardiovascular-control-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-study
#9
Xizhe Fang, Min Yin Goh, Christopher O'Callaghan, David Berlowitz
Study design: Retrospective study. Objective: To determine if there is an association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and blood pressure (BP) pattern or heart rate variability (HRV) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A state-based spinal cord service in Victoria, Australia. Methods: We identified 42 subjects who had ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) within 6 months of a diagnostic sleep study at Austin Hospital between 2009 and 2014...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606329/-efficiency-between-the-different-measurement-patterns-of-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-follow-up-of-hypertensive-patients-in-primary-care
#10
Arleen De León-Robert, Isabel Hidalgo-García, Juan Gascón-Cánovas, José Antón-Botella, Carmen López-Alegría, Heidi Campusano Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most efficient measurement pattern of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) for the follow-up of hypertensive patients in primary care. DESIGN: Validation study of a diagnostic test. SETTING: Primary care team in Murcia, Spain. POPULATION: One hundred and fifty three hypertensive patients younger than 80 years who met the inclusion criteria, who used HBPM and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
March 29, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602408/an-update-on-hypertension-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Mallory L Downie, Emma H Ulrich, Damien G Noone
The prevalence of hypertension in children with type 1 diabetes is reported to be between 6% and 16%. This potentially modifiable cardiovascular risk factor may go undiagnosed and undertreated, particularly in children with type 1 diabetes. Recent updated Canadian clinical practice guidelines recommend blood pressure screening every 2 years in children with type 1 diabetes as well as routine use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Risk factors for hypertension in type 1 diabetes include poor glycemic control, overweight and obesity and genetic predisposition for hypertension...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602406/hypertension-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-blood-pressure-measurement-methods-targets-and-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Lyne Cloutier, Maxime Lamarre-Cliche
Hypertension occurs in more than two-thirds of patients with type 2 diabetes. In a retrospective analysis of a Framingham cohort, high blood pressure was associated with a 72% increase in the risk for all-cause death and a 57% increment in the risk for any cardiovascular disease event, making hypertension the strongest driver of cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with diabetes. One of the key aspects of hypertension management is the correct measurement of blood pressure; various types of monitoring in both clinic and ambulatory settings are reviewed here...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602405/resistant-hypertension-in-adults-with-type-1-or-2-diabetes-a-structured-diagnostic-approach
#13
REVIEW
Philip A McFarlane
People with diabetes often have difficulty reaching their blood pressure targets and are labelled as having resistant hypertension. Clinicians often move quickly to screen such people for secondary causes of hypertension; however, such causes are rare, and resistant hypertension usually has other explanations that are significantly more common. By using a structured approach to resistant hypertension, clinicians can assist patients to reach their target blood pressure levels. Step 1 is to determine out-of-office blood pressure measurements using home or ambulatory blood pressure monitors...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602328/the-joint-influence-of-emotional-reactivity-and-social-interaction-quality-on-cardiovascular-responses-to-daily-social-interactions-in-working-adults
#14
Talea Cornelius, Jeffrey L Birk, Donald Edmondson, Joseph E Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Social interaction quality is related to cardiovascular functioning. Trait emotional reactivity may amplify cardiovascular responses to social interactions, but is often examined as a tendency to react to negative events. We took a broader approach by examining the joint effects of positive and negative emotional reactivity and social interaction quality on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and heart rate (HR) responses to daily social interactions. METHODS: Participants were part of a larger study on BP and cardiovascular health (N = 805; MAge  = 45...
May 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601413/masked-hypertension-and-kidney-function-decline-the-jackson-heart-study
#15
Stanford Mwasongwe, Yuan-I Min, John N Booth, Ronit Katz, Mario Sims, Adolfo Correa, Bessie Young, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: Hypertension diagnosed by blood pressure (BP) measured in the clinic is associated with rapid kidney function decline (RKFD) and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). The extent to which hypertension defined using out-of-clinic BP measurements is associated with these outcomes is unclear. METHODS: We evaluated the association of any masked hypertension (daytime SBP/DBP ≥ 135/85 mmHg, night-time SBP/DBP ≥ 120/70 mmHg or 24-h SBP/DBP ≥ 130/80 mmHg) with RKFD and incident CKD among 676 African-Americans in the Jackson Heart Study with clinic-measured SBP/DBP less than 140/90 mmHg who completed ambulatory BP monitoring in 2000-2004...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601412/left-ventricular-mass-independently-associates-with-masked-hypertension-in-young-healthy-adults-the-african-predict-study
#16
Nare P Sekoba, Ruan Kruger, Pieter Labuschagne, Aletta E Schutte
OBJECTIVE: Masked hypertension is reportedly common in young adults. However, it is unknown if these masked hypertensive individuals already present with organ damage. We determined whether a relationship exists between left ventricular structure and function, and masked hypertension in young healthy adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 774 black and white men and women (aged 20-30 years) who had successful ambulatory blood pressure monitoring readings (>70% valid readings) and valid echocardiography done...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600390/supervised-versus-unsupervised-technology-based-levodopa-monitoring-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-intrasubject-comparison
#17
Giovanna Lopane, Sabato Mellone, Mattia Corzani, Lorenzo Chiari, Pietro Cortelli, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Manuela Contin
We aimed to assess the intrasubject reproducibility of a technology-based levodopa (LD) therapeutic monitoring protocol administered in supervised versus unsupervised conditions in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The study design was pilot, intrasubject, single center, open and prospective. Twenty patients were recruited. Patients performed a standardized monitoring protocol instrumented by an ad hoc embedded platform after their usual first morning LD dose in two different randomized ambulatory sessions: one under a physician's supervision, the other self-administered...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582964/-the-nephrology-outpatient-triage-an-organizational-model-for-the-ambulatory-care-of-patients-with-advanced-renal-disease
#18
Giorgio Soragna, Francesca Bermond, Laura Fabbrini, Amelia Rodofili, Aldo Soragna, Maggiorina Bauducco, Aspasia Panunzi, Ada Ramondetti, Cristiana Cerri, Corrado Vitale
The clinical course of outpatients with advanced chronic kidney disease requires a close monitoring by the nephrology team, in order to identify emerging clinical problems promptly and prevent subsequent complications. With the aim of improving the outpatient management in our clinic dedicated to advanced renal failure, we implemented the "Nephrology Clinic Triage" (NCT). This organizational model is coordinated by the nephrologist and supported by nurses. In case the outpatients, or their caregivers, have clinical problems or need advice, they can easily get in touch with a nephrology nurse by a dedicated telephone line...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582365/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-toxicity-associated-with-treatments-containing-proteasome-inhibitors-in-multiple-myeloma-therapy
#19
Andrea Iannaccone, G Bruno, A Ravera, F Gay, M Salvini, S Bringhen, L Sabia, E Avenatti, F Veglio, A Milan
INTRODUCTION: Recently new treatment options have substantially increased survival for patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Among these, proteasome inhibitors (PI), such as bortezomib and carfilzomib, offer high response rate and prolonged survival. These agents are generally well tolerated but demonstrated a significant cardiovascular toxicity, mostly for regimen containing carfilzomib. AIM: To assess the cardiovascular damage in patients treated with PI for RRMM...
March 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578880/a-strategy-utilizing-ambulatory-monitoring-and-home-and-clinic-blood-pressure-measurements-to-optimize-the-safety-evaluation-of-noncardiovascular-drugs-with-potential-for-hemodynamic-effects-a-report-from-the-synergy-trial
#20
Michael A Weber, Christopher R Chapple, Christian Gratzke, Sender Herschorn, Dudley Robinson, Jeffrey M Frankel, Arwin M Ridder, Matthias Stoelzel, Asha Paireddy, Robert van Maanen, William B White
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a blood pressure (BP) safety evaluation in patients with an overactive bladder receiving solifenacin (an antimuscarinic agent), mirabegron (a β3-adrenoceptor agonist), or both compared with placebo in the SYNERGY trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive solifenacin 5 mg+mirabegron 50 mg (combination 5+50 mg); solifenacin 5 mg+mirabegron 25 mg (combination 5+25 mg); solifenacin 5 mg; mirabegron 50 mg; mirabegron 25 mg; or placebo for a double-blind 12-week treatment period...
March 23, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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