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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940796/gene-activated-tissue-grafts-for-sustained-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-delivery-and-bone-engineering-is-muscle-with-fascia-superior-to-muscle-and-fat
#1
Bin Ren, Volker M Betz, Christian Thirion, Michael Salomon, Volkmar Jansson, Peter E Müller, Oliver B Betz
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have presented an expedited strategy for sustained delivery of BMP-2 to bone lesions based on the implantation of gene activated fat and muscle fragments. The aim of the present in vitro experiments was to evaluate the potential of muscle with fascia as a BMP-2 delivering osteo-regenerative implant in comparison to fat tissue and muscle alone. METHODS: Subcutaneous fat, muscle and muscle with fascia were harvested from Fischer 344 rats...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935851/comparative-analysis-of-the-microbial-communities-in-raw-milk-produced-in-different-regions-of-korea
#2
In Seon Kim, Yoo Kyung Hur, Eun Ji Kim, Young-Tae Ahn, Jong Geun Kim, Yun-Jaie Choi, Chul Sung Huh
Objective: The control of psychrotrophic bacteria bringing about the milk spoilage and the illness by toxic compounds is an important issue in the dairy industry. In South Korea, Gangwon-do province is one of the coldest mountain terrain in which eighty percent of the areas are mountainous regions, and mainly play an important role in agriculture and dairy industry. The purposes of this study were to analyze the indigenous microbiota of raw milk in Gangwon-do and accurately investigate a putative microbial group causing milk quality to be deteriorated...
September 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923309/altered-penile-caveolin-expression-in-diabetes-potential-role-in-erectile-dysfunction
#3
Jay Parikh, Alice Zemljic-Harpf, Johnny Fu, Dimosthenis Giamouridis, Tung-Chin Hsieh, Adam Kassan, Karnam S Murthy, Valmik Bhargava, Hemal H Patel, M Raj Rajasekaran
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of increased severity of erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes and their poor response to oral pharmacotherapy are unclear. Defective vascular endothelium and consequent impairment in the formation and action of nitric oxide (NO) are implicated as potential mechanisms. Endothelial NO synthase, critical for NO generation, is localized to caveolae, plasma membrane lipid rafts enriched in structural proteins, and caveolins. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced changes in caveolin expression are recognized to play a role in cardiovascular dysfunction...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904479/effect-of-fat-based-versus-carbohydrate-based-enteral-feeding-on-glycemic-control-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mahdieh Nourmohammadi, Omid Moradi Moghadam, Mohammad Niakan Lahiji, Sevak Hatamian, Zahra Vahdat Shariatpanahi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effects of high-fat enteral feeding on glycemic control and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: a randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done on 42 normoglycemic patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients were randomly classified into three groups of 14 each. Control group (A) received carbohydrate-based diet (protein: 20%, fat: 30%, and carbohydrate: 50%), study groups received two types of high-fat diet; Group B (protein: 20%, fat: 45% including half of olive oil and half sunflower oil, and carbohydrate: 35%); and Group C (protein: 20%, fat: 45% including sunflower oil, and carbohydrate: 35%) in the first 48 h of admission...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889156/oxidative-damage-and-associated-inflammatory-risk-factors-in-obese-emirati-women-body-mass-index-versus-waist-circumference
#5
Salah Gariballa, Juma Alkaabi, Javed Yasin, Awad Al Essa
OBJECTIVES: To establish whether body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) is a better predictor of cardio metabolic risk factors that are associated with increased visceral fat among obese women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: In this  cross-sectional study, 333 obese subjects visiting community health centers in Al Ain city, UAE, were recruited between 2012 and 2015. After a written consent subjects had anthropometric, clinical and biochemical measurements...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888600/effects-of-egg-yolk-inclusion-milk-replacer-feeding-rate-and-low-starch-pelleted-or-high-starch-texturized-starter-on-holstein-calf-performance-through-4-months-of-age
#6
T S Dennis, F X Suarez-Mena, T M Hill, J D Quigley, R L Schlotterbeck
The objectives of this research were to evaluate milk replacer (MR) feeding rates, alternative protein and fat sources in MR, and calf starter starch concentration and their effects on calf performance to 4 mo of age. Male Holstein calves (42.6 ± 1.2 kg of body weight; n = 192) were assigned at 3 d of age to 1 of 8 treatments in a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Factors tested from d 0 to 56 (nursery) were low or high MR feeding rates, 0 or 10% inclusion of spray-dried egg yolks in MR, and low- or high-starch calf starter...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869073/association-of-the-rs10830963-polymorphism-in-melatonin-receptor-type-1b-mtnr1b-with-metabolic-response-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-a-hypocaloric-diet-based-in-mediterranean-style
#7
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Aller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some genetic variants within MTNR1B were related with fasting glucose levels or the increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus and obesity. The aims of the present investigation were to determine the influence of rs10830963 MTNR1B variant in relation to body weight loss, insulin resistance and adipokine levels in response to a hypocaloric diet with Mediterranean pattern. METHODS: A Caucasian population of 80 obese patients was studied before and after 12 weeks on a hypocaloric diet...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840197/associations-of-protein-energy-wasting-syndrome-criteria-with-body-composition-and-mortality-in-the-general-and-moderate-chronic-kidney-disease-populations-in-the-united-states
#8
Srinivasan Beddhu, Xiaorui Chen, Guo Wei, Dominic Raj, Kalani L Raphael, Robert Boucher, Michel B Chonchol, Maureen A Murtaugh, Tom Greene
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether the criteria used to define Protein-energy wasting (PEW) syndrome in dialysis patients reflect protein or energy wasting in the general and moderate CKD populations. METHODS: In 11,834 participants in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, individual PEW syndrome criteria and the number of PEW syndrome categories were related to lean body and fat masses (measured by dual-energy absorptiometry) using linear regression in the entire cohort and CKD sub-population...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835387/supplementing-breakfast-with-a-vitamin-d-and-leucine-enriched-whey-protein-medical-nutrition-drink-enhances-postprandial-muscle-protein-synthesis-and-muscle-mass-in-healthy-older-men
#9
Audrey Chanet, Sjors Verlaan, Jérôme Salles, Christophe Giraudet, Véronique Patrac, Véronique Pidou, Corinne Pouyet, Nordine Hafnaoui, Adeline Blot, Noël Cano, Nicolas Farigon, Anke Bongers, Marion Jourdan, Yvette Luiking, Stéphane Walrand, Yves Boirie
Background: A promising strategy to help older adults preserve or build muscle mass is to optimize muscle anabolism through providing an adequate amount of high-quality protein at each meal.Objective: This "proof of principle" study investigated the acute effect of supplementing breakfast with a vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein medical nutrition drink on postprandial muscle protein synthesis and longer-term effect on muscle mass in healthy older adults.Methods: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study was conducted in 24 healthy older men [mean ± SD: age 71 ± 4 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)) 24...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805897/effects-of-grass-silage-quality-and-level-of-feed-intake-on-enteric-methane-production-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#10
D Warner, A Bannink, B Hatew, H van Laar, J Dijkstra
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of level of feed intake and quality of ryegrass silage as well as their interaction on enteric methane (CH) emission from dairy cows. In a randomized block design, 56 lactating dairy cows received a diet of grass silage, corn silage, and a compound feed meal (70:10:20 on DM basis). Treatments consisted of 4 grass silage qualities prepared from grass harvested from leafy through late heading stage, and offered to dairy cows at 96 ± 2.4 (mean ± SEM) days in milk (namely, high intake) and 217 ± 2...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800397/association-between-the-7-day-moving-average-for-nutrition-and-growth-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
Gustave H Falciglia, Karna Murthy, Jane Holl, Hannah L Palac, Yuliya Oumarbaeva, Pratyusha Yadavalli, Donna Woods, Daniel T Robinson
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants remain at risk for postnatal growth restriction. Clinicians may have difficulty identifying growth patterns resulting from nutrition interventions, impeding prompt management changes intended to increase growth velocity. This study aimed to quantify the association between growth and nutrition intake through 7-day moving averages (SDMAs). METHODS: The first 6 weeks of daily nutrition intake and growth measurements were collected from VLBW infants admitted to a level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (2011-2014)...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793397/the-carbon-footprint-of-integrated-milk-production-and-renewable-energy-systems-a-case-study
#12
Elisabetta Vida, Doriana Eurosia Angela Tedesco
Dairy farms have been widely acknowledged as a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The need for a more environmentally friendly milk production system will likely be important going forward. Whereas methane (CH4) enteric emissions can only be reduced to a limited extent, CH4 manure emissions can be reduced by implementing mitigation strategies, such as the use of an anaerobic digestion (AD). Furthermore, implementing a photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation system could mitigate the fossil fuels used to cover the electrical needs of farms...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780106/economic-effect-of-reducing-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-mass-balance-on-wisconsin-and-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-farms
#13
D Pellerin, E Charbonneau, L Fadul-Pacheco, O Soucy, M A Wattiaux
Our objective was to explore the trade-offs between economic performance (farm net income, FNI) and environmental outcomes (whole-farm P and N balances) of dairy farms in Wisconsin (WI; United States) and Québec (QC; Canada). An Excel-based linear program model (N-CyCLES; nutrient cycling: crops, livestock, environment, and soil) was developed to optimize feeding, cropping, and manure management as a single unit of management. In addition to FNI, P and N balances model outputs included (1) the mix of up to 9 home-grown and 17 purchased feeds for up to 5 animal groups, (2) the mix of up to 5 crop rotations in up to 5 land units and c) the mix of up to 7 fertilizers (solid and liquid manure and 5 commercial fertilizers) to allocate in each land unit...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755943/feeding-an-enhanced-diet-to-holstein-heifers-during-the-preweaning-period-alters-steroid-receptor-expression-and-increases-cellular-proliferation
#14
A J Geiger, C L M Parsons, R M Akers
Preweaning diet and estradiol treatment alters mammary development. Our objectives were to study the effects of diet and estradiol on proliferation of mammary epithelial cells and expression of estrogen receptor α (ESR1) and progesterone receptors (PGR) in these cells. Thirty-six Holstein heifer calves were raised on (1) a control milk replacer fed at 0.44 kg of powder/head per day, dry matter (DM) basis (restricted, R; 20.9% crude protein, 19.8% fat, DM basis), or (2) an enhanced milk replacer fed at 1.08 kg of powder/head per day, DM basis (Enhanced, EH; 28...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750283/evaluation-of-allocation-methods-for-calculation-of-carbon-footprint-of-grass-based-dairy-production
#15
P Rice, D O'Brien, L Shalloo, N M Holden
A major methodological issue for life cycle assessment, commonly used to quantify greenhouse gas emissions from livestock systems, is allocation from multifunctional processes. When a process produces more than one output, the environmental burden has to be assigned between the outputs, such as milk and meat from a dairy cow. In the absence of an objective function for choosing an allocation method, a decision must be made considering a range of factors, one of which is the availability and quality of necessary data...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747241/developing-a-predictive-model-for-the-energy-content-of-goat-milk-as-the-basis-for-a-functional-unit-formulation-to-be-used-in-the-life-cycle-assessment-of-dairy-goat-production-systems
#16
P P Danieli, B Ronchi
Recent reports on livestock environmental impact based on life cycle assessment (LCA) did not fully consider the case of the dairy goat. Assignment of an environmental impact (e.g. global warming potential) to a specific product needs to be related to the appropriate 'unitary amount' or functional unit (FU). For milk, the energy content may provide a common basis for a definition of the FU. To date, no ad hoc formulations for the FU of goat milk have been proposed. For these reasons, this study aimed to develop and test one or more predictive models (DPMs) for the gross energy (GE) content of goat milk, based on published compositional data, such as fat (F), protein, total solids (TS), solid non-fat matter (SNF), lactose (Lac) and ash...
July 27, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728928/gtf-231-a-mixture-of-gymnemic-acid-trigonelline-and-ferulic-acid-significantly-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-in-experimental-type-2-diabetes-in-rats
#17
Roshana Devi Vellai, Sharmila Chandiran, Subramanian Sorimuthu Pillai
OBJECTIVES: According to a report by the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, nearly 60% of patients with diabetes have more than one complication caused by chronic diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial metabolic disorder that accounts for more than 95% of people with diabetes and usually requires multitargeted therapeutic interventions. It arises due to insufficient insulin secretion or its action or both. Recently, we reported that the oral administration of gymnemic acid, trigonelline and ferulic acid in the ratio of 2:3:1 (GTF-231), a mixture of 3 phytoingredients at a concentration of 300 mg/kg body weight significantly improved the glucose homeostasis in rats with low-dose streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes that were fed with high-fat diet...
July 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727024/factors-affecting-ewe-performance-in-a-crossbred-dairy-sheep-research-flock-in-the-united-states
#18
T W Murphy, Y M Berger, P W Holman, M Baldin, R L Burgett, D L Thomas
The Spooner Agricultural Research Station operated the only dairy sheep research flock in North America through 2016. The original nondairy ewe flock was "bred up" to a crossbred dairy flock through the use of rams and semen of the East Friesian (EF) and Lacaune (LA) dairy breeds. The objective of this study was to determine the environmental and nonadditive genetic effects that influence performance of dairy ewes. The traits analyzed were 180 d adjusted milk (180d MY), fat (180d FY), and protein (180d PY) yields, percentage fat (%F) and protein (%P) in milk, lactation average somatic cell score (LSCS), and number of lambs born per ewe lambing (NLB)...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725447/anti-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-antibodies-asca-are-associated-with-body-fat-mass-and-systemic-inflammation-but-not-with-dietary-yeast-consumption-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anne Stine Kvehaugen, Martin Aasbrenn, Per G Farup
BACKGROUND: Baker's/brewer's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been used as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters to improve growth performance in animals. In humans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is among the most commonly detected fungi in fecal samples and likely originates from food. Recently, an association between anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) and obesity in humans was suggested, but the cause of the elevated ASCA levels is not clear. Our aim was to study ASCA in morbidly obese subjects and explore potential associations with anthropometrics, diet, co-morbidities and biomarkers of inflammation and gut permeability...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724546/high-protein-diet-promotes-sensitivity-to-cholecystokinin-and-shifts-the-cecal-microbiome-without-altering-brain-inflammation-in-diet-induced-obesity-in-rats
#20
Lixin Wang, Jonathan P Jacobs, Venu Lagishetty, Pu-Qing Yuan, Shuping Vincent Wu, Mulugeta Million, Joseph R Reeve, Joseph R Pisegna, Yvette Taché
High protein diet (HPD) curtails obesity and/or fat mass but it is unknown whether it reverses neuroinflammation, altered glucose levels, cholecystokinin (CCK) sensitivity and gut microbiome in rats fed a Western diet (WD)-induced obesity (DIO). Male rats fed a WD (high fat and sugar) for 12 weeks were switched to a HPD for 6 weeks. Body composition, food intake, meal pattern, sensitivity to intraperitoneal CCK-8S, blood glucose, brain signaling, and cecal microbiota were assessed. Compared to normal diet, WD increased body weight (9...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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