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Master of public health

Virginia E M Zweigenthal, Emma Marquez, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Public health (PH) approaches underpin the management and transformation of health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the Master of Public Health (MPH) rarely being a prerequisite for health service employment in South Africa, many physicians pursue MPH qualifications. OBJECTIVES: This study identifies their motivations and career intentions and explored MPH programme strengths and gaps in under- and post-graduate PH training. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire was completed by physicians graduating with an MPH between 2000 and 2009 and those enrolled in the programme in 2010 at the University of Cape Town...
2016: Global Health Action
Mindaugas Stankunas, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Mark Avery, Ramune Kalediene, Suzanne Marie Babich
Purpose Strengthening management capacity within the health care sector could have a significant impact on population health. However, many training programs in this area are still delivered using a classic lecture-based approach. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and better understand the feasibility of using a problem-based learning (PBL) approach in health services management training programs. Design/methodology/approach A PBL teaching approach (based on the Maastricht University model) was tested with second-year postgraduate students from the Master in Public Health Management program at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Jacqueline Reilly
BACKGROUND: A dissertation is often a core component of the Masters in Public Health (MPH) qualification. This study aims to explore its purpose, from the perspective of both students and supervisors, and identify practices viewed as constituting good supervision. METHODS: A multi-perspective qualitative study drawing on in-depth one-to-one interviews with MPH supervisors (n = 8) and students (n = 10), with data thematically analysed. RESULTS: The MPH dissertation was viewed as providing generic as well as discipline-specific knowledge and skills...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Lydia Rivera, Bethany Starry, Catherine Gangi, Lauren M Lube, Anders Cedergren, Emily Whitney, Keely Rees
This commentary provides insight from Community Health Education and Master of Public Health students on the benefits of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience and provides a theoretical framework for increased advocacy intention among students as a result of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience. Providing students the opportunity to translate what they learn about advocacy in the classroom into advocacy in action with policy makers is vital to the career development of our future health education professionals and is key to increasing advocacy capacity within our profession...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Ruth Pitt
Hawai'i had high insurance coverage rates even before the Affordable Health Care Act and continues to have a high percentage of the population with health insurance today. However, high insurance rates can disguise wide variation in what is covered and what it costs. In this essay, an Australian Masters in Public Health student from the University of Hawai'i considers the strengths and weaknesses of insurance coverage in the US health-care system when her friend "Peter" becomes seriously ill.
September 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Puja M Shah, Brandy L Edwards, Zachary C Dietch, Robert G Sawyer, Anneke T Schroen
OBJECTIVE: Many general surgery residents interrupt clinical training for research pursuits or advanced degrees during dedicated research time (DRT). We hypothesize that time required to obtain a second degree during DRT decreases resident publication productivity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All consecutive categorical general surgery residents at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, VA, graduating in 2007 to 2016 were evaluated. PubMed queries identified journal publications for residents during and after DRT, limited to 1 year postgraduation...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Marta Lomazzi, Valerie Wordley, Raman Bedi
The World Federation of Public Health Associations' Oral Health Working Group (WFPHA OHWG) carried out a survey to establish the extent of global dental public health (DPH) capacity. Senior stakeholders in DPH completed 124 surveys, covering 73 countries and all WHO regions. The survey evaluated DPH workforce within the country, funding, education, current services, and integration between public health and DPH in countries across the world. In 62 per cent of countries, DPH is only partially integrated in the public health system, while in 25 per cent of countries it has not yet been formally integrated...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Xiaodan Liu, Li Yao, Da Sun, Xinwang Zhu, Qiang Liu, Tianhua Xu, Lining Wang
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is currently a major public health problem worldwide. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical effect of breviscapine injections in patients with DN. A meta-analysis was performed using the following databases to obtain published reports in any language: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Evidence-Based Medicine, Wanfang Digital Periodicals, Chinese Academic Journals Full-text Database, Chinese Biological and Medical Database, China Doctoral and Masters Dissertations Full-text Database and the Chinese Proceedings of Conference Full-text Database...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
(no author information available yet)
The present study is primarily aimed at an audience of evolutionary biologists in the broad sense for Parts 1-3, as well as at scientists from other professional disciplines looking for new approaches to explore phenomena in nature. However, the content is in general not written as technical text or filled with equations that make it utterly incomprehensible for 'normal' people, although they would have to skip strictly professional biochemical and biological terms that are a constituent part of the evidence in a scientific sense...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Toni M Rudisill, Motao Zhu, George A Kelley, Courtney Pilkerton, Brandon R Rudisill
OBJECTIVES: Driving under the influence of prescription and over-the-counter medication is a growing public health concern. A systematic review of the literature was performed to investigate which specific medications were associated with increased risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC). METHODS: The a priori inclusion criteria were: (1) studies published from English-language sources on or after January 1, 1960, (2) licensed drivers 15 years of age and older, (3) peer-reviewed publications, master's theses, doctoral dissertations, and conference papers, (4) studies limited to randomized control trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, or case-control type studies (5) outcome measure reported for at least one specific medication, (6) outcome measure reported as the odds or risk of a motor vehicle collision...
November 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Melissa E Shelton
A Competency-Based Framework for Health Education Specialists-2015 is a new publication by the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing Inc., and the Society for Public Health Education, Inc. This new publication is a vital resource to identify and describe the latest Responsibilities, Competencies, and Subcompetencies that are important to contemporary health education/promotion practice. The book describes the methods and results of the updated psychometric study of the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis project...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Erika Gebo
There has been a call to better link public health and criminal justice approaches to best address crime problems generally, and youth and gang violence in particular. Importantly, there has yet to be a systematic examination of how criminal justice approaches can be integrated within a public health framework. This paper examines the strengths and challenges with mapping gang research and evidence-informed practices onto a public health approach. Conceptual examination reveals benefits to utilizing an integrated framework, but it also exposes core problems with identification and prediction of gang joining and gang membership...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Tamara Powell, Katherine Arias Garcia, Alexis Lopez, Jacob Bailey, Lindia Willies-Jacobo
The Program in Medicine-Health Equity (PRIME-HEq) at the University of California, San Diego prepares physicians to clinically serve and publicly advocate for underserved communities. In this article we share some of PRIME-HEq's defining features, such as our admissions process, student-directed service-focused elective courses, active community engagement, and multi-disciplinary Master's training.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Maki Matsuhama, Tomoko Takishita, Ryosuke Kuribayashi, Kazunori Takagi, Rika Wakao, Kenichi Mikami
PURPOSE: A gap analysis survey of international practices for Active Substance Master Files (ASMFs)/Drug Master Files (DMFs) of human use was conducted as a project of the ASMF/DMF working group of the International Generic Drug Regulators Pilot (IGDRP) to identify similarities and differences among ASMF/DMF procedures of 10 IGDRP members and 2 observers. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey and compared the following aspects: overall ASMF/DMF procedures, submission requirements for ASMFs/DMFs, assessment processes for ASMFs/DMFs, the technical requirements for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), generation of assessment reports for ASMFs/DMFs, procedures for changing ASMF/DMF details, and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) inspection/certification of API manufacturers...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Caroline V Sartain, Patricia A Hunt
The concept that developmental events shape adult health and disease was sparked by the recognition of a link between maternal undernutrition and coronary disease in adults. From that beginning, a new field-the developmental origins of health and disease-emerged, and attention has focused on the effects of a wide array of developmental perturbations. Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals has been of particular interest, and a ubiquitous environmental contaminant bisphenol A (BPA) has become the endocrine-disrupting chemical poster child...
September 15, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Shari A Whicker, Deborah L Engle, Saumil Chudgar, Stephen DeMeo, Sarah M Bean, Aditee P Narayan, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Alisa Nagler
BACKGROUND: Graduate medical education faculty bear the responsibility of demonstrating active research and scholarship; however, faculty who choose education-focused careers may face unique obstacles related to the lack of promotion tracks, funding, career options, and research opportunities. Our objective was to address education research and scholarship barriers by providing a collaborative peer-mentoring environment and improve the production of research and scholarly outputs. METHODS: We describe a Medical Education Scholarship Support (MESS) group created in 2013...
2016: Medical Education Online
Smita Sinha, Binod Kumar Patro
BACKGROUND: Primary health care as an approach forms an integral part of any public health curricula. The knowledge regarding primary health care can be delivered to public health trainee through conventional or the modular teaching models. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to observe whether there was any difference in the summative assessment scores between two different modalities of teaching primary health care to public health trainee at School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Maia Ingram, Jean Chang, Susan Kunz, Rosie Piper, Jill Guernsey de Zapien, Kay Strawder
Objectives A community health worker (CHW) is a frontline public health worker who is a trusted member of and/or has an unusually close understanding of the community served. While natural leadership may incline individuals to the CHW profession, they do not always have skills to address broad social issues. We describe evaluation of the Women's Health Leadership Institute (WHLI), a 3-year training initiative to increase the capacity of CHWs as change agents. Methods Pre-/postquestionnaires measured the confidence of 254 participants in mastering WHLI leadership competencies...
May 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Olivera Lupesco, Tom Friedl, Gotz Arnim, Kubilay Kaptan, Ahmadreza R Djalali, Marco Foletti, Pier Luigi Ingrasia, Michael Ashkenazi, Chris Arculeo, Philipp Fischer, Boris Hreckovski, Radko Komadina, Stefan Voigt, Eric Carlström, James James
OBJECTIVE: Although there is a significant willingness to respond to disasters, a review of post-event reports following incidents shows troubling repeated patterns with poorly integrated response activities and response managers inadequately trained for the requirements of disasters. This calls for a new overall approach in disaster management. METHODS: An in-depth review of the education and training opportunities available to responders and disaster managers has been undertaken, as well as an extensive review of the educational competencies and their parent domains identified by subject matter experts as necessary for competent performance...
July 20, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nicolas Carraro, Nicolas Rivard, Daniela Ceccarelli, Rita R Colwell, Vincent Burrus
UNLABELLED: Mobile genetic elements play a pivotal role in the adaptation of bacterial populations, allowing them to rapidly cope with hostile conditions, including the presence of antimicrobial compounds. IncA/C conjugative plasmids (ACPs) are efficient vehicles for dissemination of multidrug resistance genes in a broad range of pathogenic species of Enterobacteriaceae ACPs have sporadically been reported in Vibrio cholerae, the infectious agent of the diarrheal disease cholera. The regulatory network that controls ACP mobility ultimately depends on the transcriptional activation of multiple ACP-borne operons by the master activator AcaCD...
2016: MBio
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