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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#1
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119009/parents-perceptions-of-reasons-for-excess-weight-loss-in-obese-children-a-peer-researcher-approach
#2
Fiona Gillison, Geraldine Cooney, Valerie Woolhouse, Angie Davies, Fiona Dickens, Penny Marno
Background: This study reports on the process of conducting participatory research by training peer researchers to conduct interviews and analyse data collected with parents of overweight children. The methodology was chosen as a means of (a) encouraging participation among a hard-to-engage group (i.e., parents of overweight children), and (b) generating novel insights and challenging academic/health professional assumptions through the involvement of parents in the interpretation of findings...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114719/the-aboriginal-population-health-training-initiative-a-nsw-health-program-established-to-strengthen-the-aboriginal-public-health-workforce
#3
Ben Li, Aaron Cashmore, Dawn Arneman, Wendy Bryan-Clothier, Lisa K McCallum, Andrew Milat
OBJECTIVES: Increasing the representation of Aboriginal people in the health workforce can contribute to improving Aboriginal people's health and wellbeing by supporting the provision of more culturally appropriate health programs and services. The Aboriginal Population Health Training Initiative aims to strengthen the Aboriginal public health workforce in New South Wales (NSW), with the long-term goal of improving the health of Aboriginal people. Type of program or service: The program provides comprehensive, competency-based public health training for Aboriginal people...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114342/guyana-s-paediatric-training-program-a-global-health-partnership-for-medical-education
#4
Lita Cameron, Julie C Johnstone, Arnelle Sparman, Leif D Nelin, Narendra C Singh, Andrea Hunter
Guyana is a low-middle income country on the northern coast of South America between Venezuela and Suriname. Guyana has relatively high child mortality and a notable gap in health care provision. As of 2011, there were no paediatricians in the public sector where approximately 90% of the population seek care. In response to this unmet need, Guyanese diaspora living in Canada, in partnership with Canadian paediatricians and the main teaching hospital, Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), developed a Master's program in paediatrics...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#5
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110441/human-case-of-bubonic-plague-resulting-from-the-bite-of-a-wild-gunnison-s-prairie-dog-during-translocation-from-a-plague-endemic-area
#6
S D Melman, P E Ettestad, E S VinHatton, J M Ragsdale, N Takacs, L M Onischuk, P M Leonard, S S Master, V S Lucero, L C Kingry, J M Petersen
Plague is a zoonotic disease (transmitted mainly by fleas and maintained in nature by rodents) that causes severe acute illness in humans. We present a human plague case who became infected by the bite of a wild Gunnison's prairie dog, and a good practical example of the One Health approach that resulted in a rapid public health response. The exposure occurred while the animal was being transported for relocation to a wildlife refuge after being trapped in a plague enzootic area. This is the first report of a human plague case resulting from the bite of a Gunnison's prairie dog...
November 6, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077094/non-oncogenic-roles-of-tap73-from-multiciliogenesis-to-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Alice Nemajerova, Ivano Amelio, Jakob Gebel, Volker Dötsch, Gerry Melino, Ute M Moll
The p53 family of transcription factors (p53, p63 and p73) covers a wide range of functions critical for development, homeostasis and health of mammals across their lifespan. Beside the well-established tumor suppressor role, recent evidence has highlighted novel non-oncogenic functions exerted by p73. In particular, p73 is required for multiciliated cell (MCC) differentiation; MCCs have critical roles in brain and airways to move fluids across epithelial surfaces and to transport germ cells in the reproductive tract...
October 27, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069451/poor-recovery-of-households-from-out-of-pocket-payment-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#8
Silke J Dyer, Latiefa Vinoos, John E Ataguba
STUDY QUESTION: How do households recover financially from direct out-of-pocket payment for government subsidized ART? SUMMARY ANSWER: After a mean of 3.8 years, there was poor recovery from initiated financial coping strategies with the poorest households being disproportionatley affected. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Out-of-pocket payment for health services can create financial burdens for households and inequities in access to care. A previous study conducted at a public-academic institution in South Africa documented that patient co-payment for one cycle of ART resulted in catastrophic expenditure for one in five households, and more frequently among the poorest, requiring diverse financial coping strategies to offset costs...
October 21, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#9
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040072/enterococci-populations-of-a-metropolitan-river-after-an-extreme-flood-event-prevalence-persistence-and-virulence-determinants
#10
Nicole M Masters, Aaron Wiegand, Jasmin M Thompson, Tara L Vollmerhausen, Eva Hatje, Mohammad Katouli
We investigated the prevalence, persistence and virulence determinants of enterococci populations in water samples collected over three rounds following an extreme flood event in a metropolitan river. Enterococci (n = 482) were typed using the high resolution biochemical fingerprinting method (PhP typing) and grouped into common (C) or single (S) biochemical phenotypes (BPTs). In all, 23 C-BPTs (72.6% of isolates) were found across the sites. A representative isolate of each C-BPT was identified to the species level and tested for the presence of seven virulence genes (VGs), biofilm formation and resistance to 14 antibiotics...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023060/polymorphism-of-glutamate-cysteine-ligase-subunit-catalytic-gclc-gene-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients
#11
Ari Yuniastuti, R Susanti, Dewi Mustikaningtyas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The biomarker of oxidative stress in pulmonary tuberculosis patients has not been found. Oxidative stress occurs due to the low level of antioxidants. Single nucleotide polymorphism of glutamate-cysteine ligase subunit catalytic (GCLC) gene namely -129C/T GCLC has been reported to have an association with a risk factor of oxidative stress' susceptibility. The Objective of this study was to determine the GCLC polymorphism in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patient...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985355/master-or-apprentice-rethinking-entry-points-and-training-in-public-health
#12
Darren Shickle, Laura Stroud, Matthew Day, Kevin Smith
Background: The Public Health workforce needs to adapt to a policy environment in which the need to improve public health is not only a key challenge but also has to be delivered within financial constraints. Methods: A total of 14 qualitative individual interviews or focus groups (of up to 10 people), were conducted with senior Public Health staff in 12 local authorities and in Public Health England in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. Thematic analysis was applied to the transcribed interviews...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983196/characteristics-of-multi-institutional-health-sciences-education-research-a-systematic-review
#13
Jocelyn Huang Schiller, Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Terry Kind, Heather McLauchlan, Joseph Gigante, Sherilyn Smith
OBJECTIVES: Multi-institutional research increases the generalizability of research findings. However, little is known about characteristics of collaborations across institutions in health sciences education research. Using a systematic review process, the authors describe characteristics of published, peer-reviewed multi-institutional health sciences education research to inform educators who are considering such projects. METHODS: Two medical librarians searched MEDLINE, the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), EMBASE, and CINAHL databases for English-language studies published between 2004 and 2013 using keyword terms related to multi-institutional systems and health sciences education...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978518/collective-and-experimental-research-project-for-master-s-students-on-the-pathophysiology-of-obesity
#14
Virginie Bourlier, Caroline Conte, Colette Denis, Cédric Dray, Pascale Guillou, Manuela Belliure, Anne Lorsignol, Marion Noël, Bénédicte Buffin-Meyer
We describe here a collective and experimental research project-based learning (ERPBL) for master's students that can be used to illustrate some basic concepts on glucose/lipid homeostasis and renal function around a topical issue. The primary objective of this ERPBL was to strengthen students' knowledge and understanding of physiology and pathophysiology. The secondary objectives were to help students to develop technical/practical abilities and acquire transversal skills with real-world connections. Obesity is a worldwide public health problem that increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes and nephropathies...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975369/blended-learning-is-an-effective-strategy-for-acquiring-competence-in-public-health-biostatistics
#15
Natasa Milic, Srdjan Masic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Goran Trajkovic, Jelena Marinkovic, Jelena Milin-Lazovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Marko Savic, Andja Cirkovic, Milan Gajic, Dejana Stanisavljevic
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether blended learning is an effective strategy for acquiring competence in public health biostatistics. METHODS: The trial was conducted with 69 Masters' students of public health attending the School of Public Health at University of Belgrade. Students were exposed to the traditional and blended learning styles. Blended learning included a combination of face-to-face and distance learning methodologies integrated into a single course...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965528/developing-capacity-building-activities-for-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-for-service-users-and-caregivers-service-planners-and-researchers
#16
M Semrau, A Alem, J Abdulmalik, S Docrat, S Evans-Lacko, O Gureje, F Kigozi, H Lempp, C Lund, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, G Thornicroft, C Hanlon
There is increasing international recognition of the need to build capacity to strengthen mental health systems. This is a fundamental goal of the 'Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries' (Emerald) programme, which is being implemented in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda). This paper discusses Emerald's capacity-building approaches and outputs for three target groups in mental health system strengthening: (1) mental health service users and caregivers, (2) service planners and policy-makers, and (3) mental health researchers...
October 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963176/from-albania-to-zimbabwe-surveying-10-years-of-summer-field-experiences-at-the-rollins-school-of-public-health
#17
Evelyn L Howatt Donahoe, Roger W Rochat, Deborah McFarland, Carlos Del Rio
The objective of this article is to describe summer field experiences at the Rollins School of Public Health. An online survey was conducted among Master of Public Health students returning from summer field experiences. We used printed reports from 2004-2012 and original survey data from 2010-2013 to perform a trend analysis using correlation analysis and linear regression. We found that our students have worked for more than 300 organizations in 84 countries. The average cost of a summer field experience fluctuated around US$3,500, with students receiving an average of US$2,180 in funding...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941933/psychosocial-and-cessation-related-differences-between-tobacco-marijuana-co-users-and-single-product-users-in-a-college-student-population
#18
Matthew N Masters, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla Berg
Limited research has examined psychosocial factors that differ among cigarette users, marijuana users, and co-users and influence their cessation efforts. We examined: 1) sociodemographic, mental health, and other substance use in relation to user category; and 2) associations among these factors in relation to recent quit attempts and readiness to quit among single product versus co-users. We used a cross-sectional design to study college students aged 18-25 from seven Georgia campuses, focusing on the 721 reporting cigarette and/or marijuana use in the past 4months (238 cigarette-only; 331 marijuana-only; 152 co-users)...
September 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898337/-the-influence-of-pedagogic-and-discipline-training-on-the-teaching-quality-of-university-professors
#19
Diego Troncoso G, Cristhian Pérez V, Giulietta Vaccarezza G, César Aguilar A, Nadia Muñoz N
BACKGROUND: University teachers prioritize acquiring knowledge about their disciplines over pedagogic training. However, the latter is becoming increasingly important in the present teaching scenario. AIM: To relate pedagogic practices with pedagogic training of teachers from health care careers of public and private universities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pedagogic practice and training activities participation questionnaires were answered by 296 teachers of undergraduate students from Chilean public and private universities...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895809/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-curriculum-integration-and-sustainability-social-work-and-nursing-faculty-perspectives
#20
M Nicole Belfiore, Marcela D Blinka, Karlynn BrintzenhofeSzoc, Joseph Shields
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has funded grants to universities to provide training and conduct research on the dissemination of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) to health care professionals. However, when it comes to integrating SBIRT content into an existing curriculum, difficulties can arise. When there is so much content already in the curriculum, adding more can be challenging. Additionally, some faculty believe that course curricula should be driven by the expertise and knowledge of faculty, not by opportunities afforded because of grant funding...
September 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
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