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Master of public health

Julie L Masters, Paige M Toller, Nancy J Kelley, Lyn M Holley
Death is among the most avoided topics of conversation. Although end-of-life planning may greatly benefit individuals and their survivors, research and practice indicate that family, friends, and even health care providers resist discussing end-of-life plans. Consequences of not planning ahead have created a public health issue. This article describes a community-level intervention that facilitates those necessary conversations among elders who have at least begun to talk with others about their wishes. A free, three-part educational workshop series on end-of-life planning titled "Begin with the End in Mind" was developed at a midwestern university...
March 12, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Daniel Fernandes Mello De Oliveira, Breno C C Simas, Adrian Lucca Guimarães Caldeira, Augusto De Galvão E Brito Medeiros, Marise Reis Freitas, José Diniz, Rosiane Diniz
INTRODUCTION: The Medical School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) is one of the biggest public medical schools in Northeast Brazil. In the last decade, significant investment in faculty development, innovative learning methodologies and student engagement has been key milestones in educational improvement at this medical school, harnessed to recent political changes that strengthened community-based and emergency education. This study describes how curriculum changes in UFRN Medical School have been responsible for major improvements in medical education locally and which impacts such transformations may have on the educational community...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Claire Horner, Evelyn Tenenbaum, Douglas Sipp, Zubin Master
The sale of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) by commercial entities has proliferated in highly developed countries, most notably in the USA. Yet, there have been few criminal prosecutions and regulatory enforcement actions against providers who have violated laws and best practice standards due to the lack of resources and legal ambiguity. While the stem cell research community has invested much in protecting patients and preventing the growth of this industry, some patients are seeking remedies under civil law to hold stem cell clinics responsible for fraudulent practices...
2018: NPJ Regenerative Medicine
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katherine Y Grannon, Katie A Loth, Amanda Trofholz, Marilyn S Nanney
In response to the limitations of siloed weight-related intervention approaches, scholars have called for greater integration that is intentional, strategic, and thoughtful between researchers, health care clinicians, community members, and policy makers as a way to more effectively address weight and weight-related (e.g., obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer) public health problems. The Mastery Matrix for Integration Praxis was developed by the Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan (HEALI team in 2017 to advance the science and praxis of integration across the domains of research, clinical practice, community, and policy to address weight-related public health problems...
February 22, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Darcy A Thompson, Deborah A Federspiel
Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Fellowship (University of Washington)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Audrey Brochu, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Academic research is an integral part of general surgery training. Despite the recent research curriculum requirements of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, there is perceived lack of research structure for residents. The aim of this study was to identify research opportunities, structure, and academic outputs during general surgical United States (US) residency. METHODS: A Web-based review of all accredited general surgery US residency programs was undertaken...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Fred Rawlins, Cameron Sumpter, Dean Sutphin, Harold R Garner
OBJECTIVES: The logging of ICD Diagnostic, Procedure and Drug codes is one means of tracking the experience of medical students' clinical rotations. The goal is to create a web-based computer and mobile application to track the progress of trainees, monitor the effectiveness of their training locations and be a means of sampling public health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have developed a web-based app in which medical trainees make entries via a simple and quick interface optimized for both mobile devices and personal computers...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Harriet Okatch, Timothy Joseph Sowicz, Helen Teng, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Alison M Buttenheim
OBJECTIVES: To design and implement a case study on the cervical cancer screening program in Botswana to teach public and global health competencies to undergraduate nursing students. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The case study was developed following a review of the literature on the epidemiology and health policies of cervical cancer in Botswana, and an interview with an obstetrician/gynecologist engaged in both clinical practice and research in Botswana. The case study has been implemented over seven semesters to students enrolled in the Nursing in the Community course at the University of Pennsylvania...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Marzieh Shirazikhah, Arash Mirabzadeh, Homeira Sajadi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Akbar Biglarian, Tahmineh Mousavi, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi
Background: The prevalence of disability in Iran has increased due to ageing of the population and the presence of chronic diseases. However, little is known about the availability of rehabilitation services in Iran. Objective: To study the availability of physical rehabilitation services in Iran. Methods: This was a mixed method study. In the first phase, a qualitative design was conducted for designing an instrument with focus groups based on Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) instrument (developed by World Health Organization)...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Emmanuele A Jannini, Rossella E Nappi
BACKGROUND: At midlife and beyond, both men and women face organic changes that can affect sexual functioning. For women, ovarian exhaustion causes estrogen deficiency, leading to genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which may include vaginal dryness, irritation/itching, inadequate lubrication, and dyspareunia. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder also can result from biopsychosocial factors. For men, erectile dysfunction prevalence increases with age, and some men develop testosterone deficiency...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Peggy J Kleinplatz
This article reviews the history of the treatment of women's sexual problems from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. The contextual nature of determining what constitutes female sexual psychopathology is highlighted. Conceptions of normal sexuality are subject to cultural vagaries, making it difficult to identify female sexual dysfunctions. A survey of the inclusion, removal, and collapsing of women's sexual diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders from 1952 to 2013 illuminates the biases in the various editions...
January 22, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
Shazia Ahad, Syed Tanveer, Tauseef Ahmad Malik, Irshad Ahmad Nawchoo
In the interests of food safety and public health, plants and their compounds are now re-emerging as an alternative approach to treat parasitic diseases. Here, we studied the anticoccidial effect of different solvent extracts of the fruit peel of Punica granatum-a commercial waste from pomegranate juice industries. The hope underlying these experiments was to find a sustainable natural product for controlling coccidiosis. The plant extracts were prepared using solvents of different polarity. Acute oral toxicity study was first carried out to see the safety of crude extracts...
January 12, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Xiqian Huo, Erica S Spatz, Qinglan Ding, Paul Horak, Xin Zheng, Claire Masters, Haibo Zhang, Melinda L Irwin, Xiaofang Yan, Wenchi Guan, Jing Li, Xi Li, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health interventions have the potential to promote risk factor management and lifestyle modification, and are a particularly attractive approach for scaling across healthcare systems with limited resources. We are conducting two randomised trials to evaluate the efficacy of text message-based health messages in improving secondary coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention among patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Cardiovascular Health And Text Messaging (CHAT) Study and the CHAT-Diabetes Mellitus (CHAT-DM) Study are multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trials of text messaging versus standard treatment with 6 months of follow-up conducted in 37 hospitals throughout 17 provinces in China...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
Joseph K Maina, Peter M Macharia, Paul O Ouma, Robert W Snow, Emelda A Okiro
BACKGROUND: Following the launch of District Health Information System 2 across facilities in Kenya, more health facilities are now capable of carrying out malaria parasitological testing and reporting data as part of routine health information systems, improving the potential value of routine data for accurate and timely tracking of rapidly changing disease epidemiology at fine spatial resolutions. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the current coverage and completeness of reported malaria parasitological testing data in DHIS2 specifically looking at patterns in geographic coverage of public health facilities in Kenya...
2017: Global Health Action
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
João Inácio, Lara-Marie Barnes, Simon Jeffs, Patrícia Castanheira, Myra Wiseman, Sónia Inácio, Lucas Bowler, Alison Lansley
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance has become a global public health concern. In this study, we investigated the knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use, resistance and stewardship, held by the pharmacy students currently studying at the University of Brighton. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, online survey, and email invitations to participate were sent to all students attending our Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) course (n=583). Students' knowledge was assessed with 29 items; responses for these were totaled before comparison among students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Amanda E Tanner, Tracy R Nichols, Shelly Brown-Jeffy
Despite decreases in infants born premature and at low birth weight in the United States (U.S.), racial disparities between Black and White women continue. In response, the purpose of this analysis was to examine associations between both traditional and novel indicators of county-level structural racism and birth outcomes among Black and White women. We merged individual-level data from the California Birth Statistical Master Files 2009-2013 with county-level data from the United States (U.S.) Census American Community Survey...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Jeanne Moore, Petra Goodman, Janet Selway, Elizabeth Hawkins-Walsh, Janet Merritt, Jill Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are a major public health problem. As primary care providers, nurse practitioners (NPs) must be proficient at screening, identifying, and intervening for at-risk patients. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a well-established, evidence-based model for teaching behavioral health skills to health care providers. It is vital that Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)-NP programs incorporate SBIRT into their curricula. METHOD: SBIRT content was mapped to 10 courses across an MSN-NP program...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
Domenico Girelli, Sara Ugolini, Fabiana Busti, Giacomo Marchi, Annalisa Castagna
Iron deficiency, with or without anemia, is extremely frequent worldwide, representing a major public health problem. Iron replacement therapy dates back to the seventeenth century, and has progressed relatively slowly until recently. Both oral and intravenous traditional iron formulations are known to be far from ideal, mainly because of tolerability and safety issues, respectively. At the beginning of this century, the discovery of hepcidin/ferroportin axis has represented a turning point in the knowledge of the pathophysiology of iron metabolism disorders, ushering a new era...
January 2018: International Journal of Hematology
Nian-Nian Li, Cun-Hui Wang, Hong Ni, Heng Wang
BACKGROUND: China began to implement the national medical and health system and public hospital reforms in 2009 and 2012, respectively. Anhui Province is one of the four pilot provinces, and the medical reform measures received wide attention nationwide. The effectiveness of the above reform needs to get attention. This study aimed to master the efficiency and productivity of county-level public hospitals based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model and Malmquist index in Anhui, China, and then provide improvement measures for the future hospital development...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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