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Master of public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273661/design-and-rationale-of-the-cardiovascular-health-and-text-messaging-chat-study-and-the-chat-diabetes-mellitus-chat-dm-study-two-randomised-controlled-trials-of-text-messaging-to-improve-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-heart-disease-and-diabetes
#1
Xiqian Huo, Erica S Spatz, Qinglan Ding, Paul Horak, Xin Zheng, Claire Masters, Haibo Zhang, Melinda L Irwin, Xiaofang Yan, Wenchi Guan, Jing Li, Xi Li, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health interventions have the potential to promote risk factor management and lifestyle modification, and are a particularly attractive approach for scaling across healthcare systems with limited resources. We are conducting two randomised trials to evaluate the efficacy of text message-based health messages in improving secondary coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention among patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Cardiovascular Health And Text Messaging (CHAT) Study and the CHAT-Diabetes Mellitus (CHAT-DM) Study are multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trials of text messaging versus standard treatment with 6 months of follow-up conducted in 37 hospitals throughout 17 provinces in China...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261450/coverage-of-routine-reporting-on-malaria-parasitological-testing-in-kenya-2015-2016
#2
Joseph K Maina, Peter M Macharia, Paul O Ouma, Robert W Snow, Emelda A Okiro
BACKGROUND: Following the launch of District Health Information System 2 across facilities in Kenya, more health facilities are now capable of carrying out malaria parasitological testing and reporting data as part of routine health information systems, improving the potential value of routine data for accurate and timely tracking of rapidly changing disease epidemiology at fine spatial resolutions. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the current coverage and completeness of reported malaria parasitological testing data in DHIS2 specifically looking at patterns in geographic coverage of public health facilities in Kenya...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#3
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233427/master-of-pharmacy-students-knowledge-and-awareness-of-antibiotic-use-resistance-and-stewardship
#4
João Inácio, Lara-Marie Barnes, Simon Jeffs, Patrícia Castanheira, Myra Wiseman, Sónia Inácio, Lucas Bowler, Alison Lansley
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance has become a global public health concern. In this study, we investigated the knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use, resistance and stewardship, held by the pharmacy students currently studying at the University of Brighton. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, online survey, and email invitations to participate were sent to all students attending our Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) course (n=583). Students' knowledge was assessed with 29 items; responses for these were totaled before comparison among students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218496/testing-the-association-between-traditional-and-novel-indicators-of-county-level-structural-racism-and-birth-outcomes-among-black-and-white-women
#5
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Amanda E Tanner, Tracy R Nichols, Shelly Brown-Jeffy
Despite decreases in infants born premature and at low birth weight in the United States (U.S.), racial disparities between Black and White women continue. In response, the purpose of this analysis was to examine associations between both traditional and novel indicators of county-level structural racism and birth outcomes among Black and White women. We merged individual-level data from the California Birth Statistical Master Files 2009-2013 with county-level data from the United States (U.S.) Census American Community Survey...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206262/sbirt-education-for-nurse-practitioner-students-integration-into-an-msn-program
#6
Jeanne Moore, Petra Goodman, Janet Selway, Elizabeth Hawkins-Walsh, Janet Merritt, Jill Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are a major public health problem. As primary care providers, nurse practitioners (NPs) must be proficient at screening, identifying, and intervening for at-risk patients. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a well-established, evidence-based model for teaching behavioral health skills to health care providers. It is vital that Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)-NP programs incorporate SBIRT into their curricula. METHOD: SBIRT content was mapped to 10 courses across an MSN-NP program...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196967/modern-iron-replacement-therapy-clinical-and-pathophysiological-insights
#7
REVIEW
Domenico Girelli, Sara Ugolini, Fabiana Busti, Giacomo Marchi, Annalisa Castagna
Iron deficiency, with or without anemia, is extremely frequent worldwide, representing a major public health problem. Iron replacement therapy dates back to the seventeenth century, and has progressed relatively slowly until recently. Both oral and intravenous traditional iron formulations are known to be far from ideal, mainly because of tolerability and safety issues, respectively. At the beginning of this century, the discovery of hepcidin/ferroportin axis has represented a turning point in the knowledge of the pathophysiology of iron metabolism disorders, ushering a new era...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176142/efficiency-and-productivity-of-county-level-public-hospitals-based-on-the-data-envelopment-analysis-model-and-malmquist-index-in-anhui-china
#8
Nian-Nian Li, Cun-Hui Wang, Hong Ni, Heng Wang
BACKGROUND: China began to implement the national medical and health system and public hospital reforms in 2009 and 2012, respectively. Anhui Province is one of the four pilot provinces, and the medical reform measures received wide attention nationwide. The effectiveness of the above reform needs to get attention. This study aimed to master the efficiency and productivity of county-level public hospitals based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model and Malmquist index in Anhui, China, and then provide improvement measures for the future hospital development...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173580/building-the-pipeline-programs-to-introduce-middle-school-high-school-medical-and-veterinary-students-to-careers-in-epidemiology-and-public-health
#9
Ralph L Cordell, Kelly L Cordeira, Laurence P Cohen, Diana M Bensyl
PURPOSE: This report describes Centers for Disease Control and Prevention programs that expose students to epidemiology and public health sciences (EPHS). METHODS: The Science Ambassador workshop targets middle and high school teachers and promotes teaching EPHS in the classroom. The National Science Olympiad Disease Detectives event is an extracurricular science competition for middle and high school students based on investigations of outbreaks and other public health problems...
November 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164095/application-of-the-intervention-mapping-framework-to-develop-an-integrated-twenty-first-century-core-curriculum-part-1-mobilizing-the-community-to-revise-the-masters-of-public-health-core-competencies
#10
Rita DeBate, Jaime A Corvin, Kate Wolfe-Quintero, Donna J Petersen
Twenty-first century health challenges have significantly altered the expanding role and functions of public health professionals. Guided by a call from the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health's (ASPPH) and the Framing the Future: The Second 100 Years of Education for Public Health report to adopt new and innovative approaches to prepare public health leaders, the University of South Florida College of Public Health aimed to self-assess the current Masters of Public Health (MPH) core curriculum with regard to preparing students to meet twenty-first century public health challenges...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164093/application-of-the-intervention-mapping-framework-to-develop-an-integrated-twenty-first-century-core-curriculum-part-three-curriculum-implementation-and-evaluation
#11
Jaime A Corvin, Rita DeBate, Kate Wolfe-Quintero, Donna J Petersen
Public health professionals have been challenged to radically reform public health training to meet evolving demands of twenty-first century public health. Such a transformation requires a systems thinking approach with an interdisciplinary focus on problem solving, leadership, management and teamwork, technology and information, budgeting and finance, and communication. This article presents processes for implementing and evaluating a revised public health curriculum and outlines lessons learned from this initiative...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163457/the-agr-quorum-sensing-system-represses-persister-formation-through-regulation-of-phenol-soluble-modulins-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
Tao Xu, Xu-Yang Wang, Peng Cui, Yu-Meng Zhang, Wen-Hong Zhang, Ying Zhang
The opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus has become an increasing threat to public health. While the Agr quorum sensing (QS) system is a master regulator of S. aureus virulence, its dysfunction has been frequently reported to promote bacteremia and mortality in clinical infections. Here we show that the Agr system is involved in persister formation in S. aureus. Mutation of either agrCA or agrD but not RNAIII resulted in increased persister formation of stationary phase cultures. RNA-seq analysis showed that in stationary phase AgrCA/AgrD and RNAIII mutants showed consistent up-regulation of virulence associated genes (lip and splE, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162126/targeting-the-master-regulator-mtor-a-new-approach-to-prevent-the-neurological-of-consequences-of-parasitic-infections
#13
REVIEW
Sheila Donnelly, Wilhelmina M Huston, Michael Johnson, Natalia Tiberti, Bernadette Saunders, Bronwyn O'Brien, Catherine Burke, Maurizio Labbate, Valery Combes
A systematic analysis of 240 causes of death in 2013 revealed that parasitic diseases were responsible for more than one million deaths. The vast majority of these fatalities resulted from protozoan infections presenting with neurological sequelae. In the absence of a vaccine, development of effective therapies is essential to improving global public health. In 2015, an intriguing strategy to prevent cerebral malaria was proposed by Gordon et al. 2015 mBio, 6:e00625. Their study suggested that inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin prevented experimental cerebral malaria by blocking the damage to the blood brain barrier and stopping the accumulation of parasitized red blood cells and T cells in the brain...
November 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162017/public-health-educational-comprehensiveness-the-strategic-rationale-in-establishing-networks-among-schools-of-public-health
#14
Robert Otok, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Anders Foldspang
The establishment and continuing development of a sufficient and competent public health workforce is fundamental for the planning, implementation, evaluation, effect and ethical validity of public health strategies and policies and, thus, for the development of the population's health and the cost-effectiveness of health and public health systems and interventions. Professional public health strategy-making demands a background of a comprehensive multi-disciplinary curriculum including mutually, dynamically coherent competences - not least, competences in sociology and other behavioural sciences and their interaction with, for example, epidemiology, biostatistics, qualitative methods and health promotion and disease prevention...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#16
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119009/parents-perceptions-of-reasons-for-excess-weight-loss-in-obese-children-a-peer-researcher-approach
#17
Fiona Gillison, Geraldine Cooney, Valerie Woolhouse, Angie Davies, Fiona Dickens, Penny Marno
Background: This study reports on the process of conducting participatory research by training peer researchers to conduct interviews and analyse data collected with parents of overweight children. The methodology was chosen as a means of (a) encouraging participation among a hard-to-engage group (i.e., parents of overweight children), and (b) generating novel insights and challenging academic/health professional assumptions through the involvement of parents in the interpretation of findings...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114719/the-aboriginal-population-health-training-initiative-a-nsw-health-program-established-to-strengthen-the-aboriginal-public-health-workforce
#18
Ben Li, Aaron Cashmore, Dawn Arneman, Wendy Bryan-Clothier, Lisa K McCallum, Andrew Milat
OBJECTIVES: Increasing the representation of Aboriginal people in the health workforce can contribute to improving Aboriginal people's health and wellbeing by supporting the provision of more culturally appropriate health programs and services. The Aboriginal Population Health Training Initiative aims to strengthen the Aboriginal public health workforce in New South Wales (NSW), with the long-term goal of improving the health of Aboriginal people. Type of program or service: The program provides comprehensive, competency-based public health training for Aboriginal people...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114342/guyana-s-paediatric-training-program-a-global-health-partnership-for-medical-education
#19
Lita Cameron, Julie C Johnstone, Arnelle Sparman, Leif D Nelin, Narendra C Singh, Andrea Hunter
Guyana is a low-middle income country on the northern coast of South America between Venezuela and Suriname. Guyana has relatively high child mortality and a notable gap in health care provision. As of 2011, there were no paediatricians in the public sector where approximately 90% of the population seek care. In response to this unmet need, Guyanese diaspora living in Canada, in partnership with Canadian paediatricians and the main teaching hospital, Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), developed a Master's program in paediatrics...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#20
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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