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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#1
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770321/developing-workforce-capacity-in-public-health-informatics-core-competencies-and-curriculum-design
#2
Douglas R Wholey, Martin LaVenture, Sripriya Rajamani, Rob Kreiger, Craig Hedberg, Cynthia Kenyon
We describe a master's level public health informatics (PHI) curriculum to support workforce development. Public health decision-making requires intensive information management to organize responses to health threats and develop effective health education and promotion. PHI competencies prepare the public health workforce to design and implement these information systems. The objective for a Master's and Certificate in PHI is to prepare public health informaticians with the competencies to work collaboratively with colleagues in public health and other health professions to design and develop information systems that support population health improvement...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755452/influenza-virus-a-master-tactician-in-innate-immune-evasion-and-novel-therapeutic-interventions
#3
REVIEW
Alan Chen-Yu Hsu
Influenza is a contagion that has plagued mankind for many decades, and continues to pose concerns every year, with millions of infections globally. The frequent mutations and recombination of the influenza A virus (IAV) cast a looming threat that antigenically novel strains/subtypes will rise with unpredictable pathogenicity and fear of it evolving into a pandemic strain. There have been four major influenza pandemics, since the beginning of twentieth century, with the great 1918 pandemic being the most severe, killing more than 50 million people worldwide...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751223/employability-and-career-experiences-of-international-graduates-of-msc-public-health-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
C Buunaaisie, A M Manyara, H Annett, E L Bird, I Bray, J Ige, M Jones, J Orme, P Pilkington, D Evans
OBJECTIVES: This article aims to describe the public health career experiences of international graduates of a Master of Science in Public Health (MSc PH) programme and to contribute to developing the evidence base on international public health workforce capacity development. STUDY DESIGN: A sequential mixed methods study was conducted between January 2017 and April 2017. METHODS: Ninety-seven international graduates of one UK university's MSc PH programme were invited to take part in an online survey followed by semistructured interviews, for respondents who consented to be interviewed...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715300/public-versus-internal-conceptions-of-addiction-an-analysis-of-internal-philip-morris-documents
#5
Jesse Elias, Yogi Hale Hendlin, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Tobacco addiction is a complex, multicomponent phenomenon stemming from nicotine's pharmacology and the user's biology, psychology, sociology, and environment. After decades of public denial, the tobacco industry now agrees with public health authorities that nicotine is addictive. In 2000, Philip Morris became the first major tobacco company to admit nicotine's addictiveness. Evolving definitions of addiction have historically affected subsequent policymaking. This article examines how Philip Morris internally conceptualized addiction immediately before and after this announcement...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609654/evaluation-of-a-flipped-classroom-approach-to-learning-introductory-epidemiology
#6
Stephanie Shiau, Linda G Kahn, Jonathan Platt, Chihua Li, Jason T Guzman, Zachary G Kornhauser, Katherine M Keyes, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Although the flipped classroom model has been widely adopted in medical education, reports on its use in graduate-level public health programs are limited. This study describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a flipped classroom redesign of an introductory epidemiology course and compares it to a traditional model. METHODS: One hundred fifty Masters-level students enrolled in an introductory epidemiology course with a traditional format (in-person lecture and discussion section, at-home assignment; 2015, N = 72) and a flipped classroom format (at-home lecture, in-person discussion section and assignment; 2016, N = 78)...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582950/-hadassah-medical-organization-a-pioneer-in-population-health
#7
REVIEW
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Hagai Levine, Avi Israeli, Ora Paltiel
Population health is a term encompassing "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group." Only recently have hospitals viewed themselves as focal points for promoting health in a community, involving themselves with population health. Hadassah Medical Organization (HMO), however, has been in the business of population health since its founding. Its early programs, promoting and delivering nutritional support, maternal-child health and other services to the Yishuv's inhabitants, showed that the HMO defined its community broadly...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582847/current-status-of-master-of-public-health-programmes-in-india-a-scoping-review
#8
Ritika Tiwari, Himanshu Negandhi, Sanjay Zodpey
There is a recognized need to improve training in public health in India. Currently, several Indian institutions and universities offer the Master of Public Health (MPH) programme. However, in the absence of any formal body or council for regulating public health education in the country, there is limited information available on these programmes. This scoping review was therefore undertaken to review the current status of MPH programmes in India. Information on MPH programmes was obtained using a two-step process...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574806/intercountry-master-s-degree-in-nursing-policy-implications-for-the-mozambican-health-system
#9
J C Bruce, S Schmollgruber, J Baumann
PURPOSE: Within an overarching evaluation framework, this study explored the experiences of course participants and administrators of an intercountry master's degree in nursing between South Africa and Mozambique. The lessons learnt were used to inform nursing and health policy for the Mozambican health system. METHODS: Kirkpatrick's four levels of training evaluation and a results-oriented approach to capacity change were integrated to form a hybrid evaluation framework to capture information about course implementation and the context/environment within which it was delivered...
March 24, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565111/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-10-science-and-research-in-prm-specificities-and-challenges
#10
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with Research, the future of PRM. PRM students and specialists are mainly involved in biomedical research, investigating the biological processes, the causes of diseases, their medical diagnosis, the evaluation of their consequences on functioning, disability and health and the effects of health interventions at an individual and a societal level. Most of the current PRM research, often interdisciplinary, originates from applied research which, using existing knowledge, is directed towards specific goals...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565110/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-9-education-and-continuous-professional-development-shaping-the-future-of-prm
#11
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with the education of PRM physicians in Europe. To acquire the wide field of competence needed, specialists in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine have to undergo a well organised and appropriately structured training of adequate duration. In fact they are required to develop not only medical knowledge, but also competence in patient care, specific procedural skills, and attitudes towards interpersonal relationship and communication, profound understanding of the main principles of medical ethics and public health, ability to apply policies of care and prevention for disabled people, capacity to master strategies for reintegration of disabled people into society, apply principles of quality assurance and promote a practice-based continuous professional development...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554584/benefits-of-maternal-education-for-mental-health-trajectories-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#12
Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Fionna Klasen, Christiane Otto, Gabriela Gniewosz, Thomas Lampert, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
RATIONALE: Mental health problems in children and adolescents are widespread and are a primary public health concern worldwide. During childhood and adolescence different challenges must be met. Whether the corresponding developmental tasks can be mastered successfully and in a psychologically healthy manner depends on the availability of resources. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the benefits of maternal education on the development of mental health in children and adolescents...
April 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549209/awareness-of-the-role-of-general-practitioners-in-primary-care-among-outpatient-populations-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-tertiary-hospitals-in-china
#13
Xiaojun Liu, Anran Tan, Samuel D Towne, Zhaoxun Hou, Zongfu Mao
OBJECTIVE: General practitioners (GPs) are highly underutilised in China with many patients going directly to hospitals when seeking routine care. Multiple countries around the world have successfully used GPs in routine care, and as such, China may benefit from the use of GPs. This study examines the status of, and factors associated with, knowledge related to GPs among outpatient populations from China's tertiary hospitals. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional survey study...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528787/begin-with-the-end-in-mind-a-three-part-workshop-series-to-facilitate-end-of-life-discussions-with-members-of-the-community
#14
Julie L Masters, Paige M Toller, Nancy J Kelley, Lyn M Holley
Death is among the most avoided topics of conversation. Although end-of-life planning may greatly benefit individuals and their survivors, research and practice indicate that family, friends, and even health care providers resist discussing end-of-life plans. Consequences of not planning ahead have created a public health issue. This article describes a community-level intervention that facilitates those necessary conversations among elders who have at least begun to talk with others about their wishes. A free, three-part educational workshop series on end-of-life planning titled "Begin with the End in Mind" was developed at a midwestern university...
March 12, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490589/school-of-medicine-of-federal-university-of-rio-grande-do-norte-a-traditional-curriculum-with-innovative-trends-in-medical-education
#15
Daniel Fernandes Mello De Oliveira, Breno C C Simas, Adrian Lucca Guimarães Caldeira, Augusto De Galvão E Brito Medeiros, Marise Reis Freitas, José Diniz, Rosiane Diniz
INTRODUCTION: The Medical School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) is one of the biggest public medical schools in Northeast Brazil. In the last decade, significant investment in faculty development, innovative learning methodologies and student engagement has been key milestones in educational improvement at this medical school, harnessed to recent political changes that strengthened community-based and emergency education. This study describes how curriculum changes in UFRN Medical School have been responsible for major improvements in medical education locally and which impacts such transformations may have on the educational community...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479481/can-civil-lawsuits-stem-the-tide-of-direct-to-consumer-marketing-of-unproven-stem-cell-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Claire Horner, Evelyn Tenenbaum, Douglas Sipp, Zubin Master
The sale of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) by commercial entities has proliferated in highly developed countries, most notably in the USA. Yet, there have been few criminal prosecutions and regulatory enforcement actions against providers who have violated laws and best practice standards due to the lack of resources and legal ambiguity. While the stem cell research community has invested much in protecting patients and preventing the growth of this industry, some patients are seeking remedies under civil law to hold stem cell clinics responsible for fraudulent practices...
2018: NPJ Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477966/the-mastery-matrix-for-integration-praxis-the-development-of-a-rubric-for-integration-practice-in-addressing-weight-related-public-health-problems
#17
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katherine Y Grannon, Katie A Loth, Amanda Trofholz, Marilyn S Nanney
In response to the limitations of siloed weight-related intervention approaches, scholars have called for greater integration that is intentional, strategic, and thoughtful between researchers, health care clinicians, community members, and policy makers as a way to more effectively address weight and weight-related (e.g., obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer) public health problems. The Mastery Matrix for Integration Praxis was developed by the Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan (HEAL) team in 2017 to advance the science and praxis of integration across the domains of research, clinical practice, community, and policy to address weight-related public health problems...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464967/the-familias-saludables-partnership-engaging-the-latino-community-to-address-early-childhood-obesity
#18
Darcy A Thompson, Deborah A Federspiel
Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Fellowship (University of Washington)...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433867/research-during-general-surgery-residency-a-web-based-review-of-opportunities-structure-and-outputs
#19
Audrey Brochu, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Academic research is an integral part of general surgery training. Despite the recent research curriculum requirements of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, there is perceived lack of research structure for residents. The aim of this study was to identify research opportunities, structure, and academic outputs during general surgical United States (US) residency. METHODS: A Web-based review of all accredited general surgery US residency programs was undertaken...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425634/quantifying-medical-student-clinical-experiences-via-an-icd-code-logging-app
#20
Fred Rawlins, Cameron Sumpter, Dean Sutphin, Harold R Garner
OBJECTIVES: The logging of ICD Diagnostic, Procedure and Drug codes is one means of tracking the experience of medical students' clinical rotations. The goal is to create a web-based computer and mobile application to track the progress of trainees, monitor the effectiveness of their training locations and be a means of sampling public health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have developed a web-based app in which medical trainees make entries via a simple and quick interface optimized for both mobile devices and personal computers...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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