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Anesthesia Ventilation

M Weigeldt, M Paul, S Schulz-Drost, M D Schmittner
The management of anesthesia plays a central role in the treatment of thoracic trauma, both in the initial phase when safeguarding the difficult airway and in the intensive care unit. A rapid transfer to a trauma center should be considered in order to recognize and treat organ dysfunction in time. Development of atelectasis, pneumonia and acute lung failure are common pulmonary complications. Non-invasive ventilation combined with physiotherapy and respiratory training can help to minimize these pulmonary complications...
June 15, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
Marta Romano, Jordyn M Boesch, Santiago Peralta, Christine Parker, George Kollias
  Two jaguars were anesthetized with dexmedetomidine, ketamine, and isoflurane. Arterial blood samples analyzed shortly after darting revealed no abnormalities. Samples analyzed 2 and 1.5 hr after darting revealed moderate hyperkalemia in both animals (6.8 and 6.2 mEq/L, respectively). Shortly after hyperkalemia was recognized, one jaguar developed electrocardiographic abnormalities (sinoventricular rhythm and widened QRS complexes), and a few minutes later, suffered cardiopulmonary arrest. Resuscitation with chest compressions, intermittent positive-pressure ventilation, and epinephrine was successful, and autonomous breathing and circulation resumed within a few minutes...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Johanna Kaartinen, Stéphane Lair, Michael T Walsh, Patrick Burns, Marion Desmarchelier, Jessica M Pang, Daniel S J Pang
  Walruses are a challenging species to anesthetize as a result of their large mass, limited access for drug delivery, unique physiology, and small number of reports describing anesthetic procedures. Three aquarium-housed walruses ( Odobenus rosmarus) ranging in age from 3 to 11 yr old (344-1,000 kg) were anesthetized for dental or ophthalmic surgical procedures, with one animal anesthetized twice and one anesthetized three times. Preanesthetic medication was with intramuscular midazolam (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) and meperidine (2-3 mg/kg)...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Hiroki Sano, Joonbum Seo, Paul Wightman, Nick J Cave, Mike A Gieseg, Craig B Johnson, Paul Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pulse pressure variation (PPV) and pleth variability index (PVI) are more accurate than central venous pressure (CVP) for predicting fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated isoflurane-anesthetized dogs after premedication with acepromazine. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twelve Harrier hound dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Each dog was anesthetized and had a fluid challenge performed...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Natasha O Marcondi, Isadora S Rocco, Douglas W Bolzan, Hayanne O Pauletti, Isis Begot, Natalia R Anjos, Rita Simone L Moreira, Mara L Nasrala, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
BACKGROUND: The use of noninvasive ventilation in patients with left-ventricular dysfunction may increase cardiac performance by decreasing inspiratory effort and left-ventricular afterload. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acute effects of noninvasive ventilation on central-venous oxygen saturation ( S cv̄O2 ) and blood lactate in subjects with left-ventricular dysfunction during the early postoperative phase of coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: This study included 100 subjects during the postoperative phase of elective coronary artery bypass grafting...
June 12, 2018: Respiratory Care
Daniela Gompelmann, Pallav L Shah, Arschang Valipour, Felix J F Herth
Bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation (BTVA) represents one of the endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) techniques that aims at hyperinflation reduction in patients with advanced emphysema to improve respiratory mechanics. By targeted segmental vapor ablation, an inflammatory response leads to tissue and volume reduction of the most diseased emphysematous segments. So far, BTVA has been demonstrated in several single-arm trials and 1 multinational randomized controlled trial to improve lung function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with upper lobe-predominant emphysema irrespective of the collateral ventilation...
June 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Nicolò Columbano, Antonio Scanu, Lauren Duffee, Valentino Melosu, Giovanni Sotgiu, Bernd Driessen
OBJECTIVE: To determine sevoflurane's minimum alveolar concentration (MACSEVO ) and its cardiopulmonary effects in sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A group of 10 female nonpregnant Sardinian milk sheep. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced in each sheep twice with sevoflurane in oxygen. After a 30 minute equilibration at end-tidal sevoflurane concentration (Fe'Sevo) of 2.8%, an electrical stimulus (5 Hz/1 ms/50 mA) was applied to the right thoracic limb for 1 minute or until gross purposeful movement occurred...
February 3, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Q R Chen, Q Q Dai, J Zou, H Zheng
A case of Crouzon syndrome coupled with OSAHS and congenital heart disease in our hospital was reported. The patient who was a 2 years and 7 months old boy, was admitted in our hospital for repetitive sore throat, snoring with mouth breathing during sleep for more than 2 years and been found with some typical defect of Crouzon syndrome during physical examination. Half a year ago the boy underwent ventricular septal defect closure surgery. PSG shows severe apnea hypopnea and low ventilation existed. Under general anesthesia, the patient accepted bilateral tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy but dyspnea occurred after post-operative extubation till 2 days later the boy can breathe by himself...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Ethan Y Brovman, Colin A Foley, Abra H Shen, Edward E Whang, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine ventilation patterns, including tidal volume (TV) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) selection in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: Intraoperative ventilation data, including TV and PEEP, were abstracted from the electronic anesthesia record (Metavision) at Brigham and Women's Hospital. Ideal body weight (IBW) was calculated using the Devine formula, and TV per kg IBW was calculated for each patient...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Nobue Terabe, Soichiro Yamashita, Makoto Tanaka
We report unexpected exacerbation of tracheal stenosis during general anesthesia in a 50-year-old patient with Hunter syndrome undergoing cardiac surgery for valvular disease. He had undergone cervical laminoplasty 3 months previously; at that time, his airway had been uneventfully managed. Preoperative flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy showed a normal upper respiratory tract, but chest computed tomography showed tracheal stenosis that had flattened the lumen. The narrowest part above the tracheal bifurcation was 2 cm long and the anteroposterior diameter was ≤6 mm...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Xia Liu, Geza K Kiss, Scott J Mellender, Harvey R Weiss, Oak Z Chi
Activation of Akt has been suggested to produce neuronal protection in cerebral ischemia. Decreasing blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption has been associated with a better neuronal outcome in cerebral ischemia. We hypothesized that activation of Akt would decrease BBB disruption and contribute to decreasing the size of infarct in the early stage of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion within the therapeutic window. Transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed in rats under isoflurane anesthesia with controlled ventilation...
May 30, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Nana Li, Linjia Zhu, Jie Sun, Yinbing Pan, Mei Gao
RATIONALE: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Karin Becke, Christoph Eich, Claudia Höhne, Martin Jöhr, Andreas Machotta, Markus Schreiber, Robert Sümpelmann
Inspired by the Choosing Wisely initiative, a group of pediatric anesthesiologists representing the German Working Group on Paediatric Anaesthesia (WAKKA) coined and agreed upon 10 concise positive ("dos") or negative ("don'ts") evidence-based recommendations. (i) In infants and children with robust indications for surgical, interventional, or diagnostic procedures, anesthesia or sedation should not be avoided or delayed due to the potential neurotoxicity associated with the exposure to anesthetics...
May 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Szymon Skoczynski, Katarzyna Wyskida, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Magdalena Wyskida, Ewa Uszok-Gawel, Dawid Bartocha, Lukasz Krzych, Wladysław Pierzchala, Adam Barczyk
Whole lung lavage (WLL) under general anesthesia with a double-lumen endobronchial intubation has remained standard treatment option for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) for over fifty years now. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) as an innovative alternative, which enables safe and effective treatment. NIV support enabled cost-effective lavage of the most affected segments and resulted in restoration and long-term maintenance of exercise capacity and diffusion, without WLL related hypoxaemia, volume overload, intubation, or mechanical ventilation related complications...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Vikas N O' Reilly-Shah, Grant C Lynde, Matthew L Mitchell, Carla L Maffeo, Craig S Jabaley, Francis A Wolf
Background: Sugammadex can rapidly reverse deep neuromuscular blockade, but due to cost questions remain as to its optimal utilization. After introduction for unrestricted use at an academic medical center, we hypothesized that reductions would be demonstrated in the primary outcome of post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) mechanical ventilation (MV) and secondary outcomes of PACU length of stay (LOS), and emergence time (surgery end to anesthesia end time in PACU). Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of patients undergoing general anesthesia over a 12-month period...
May 30, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Yun Wang, Haiyan Xu, Haiyan Li, Yan Liu, Qingling Bai
In the present study we aimed to analyze the effects of different anesthesia methods on the hemodynamics of caesarean section, outcomes after caesarean section and hormone changes in pregnancy complicated with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A total of 75 pregnancy complicated with severe PAH that were treated in Jining First People's Hospital from January 2016 to January 2017 were selected. Three groups were set according to the anesthesia methods, including the subarachnoid combined epidural anesthesia group (group I, n=25), the epidural anesthesia group (group II, n=25) and the general anesthesia group (group III, n=25)...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Tomasz Jazwiec, Marcin Malinowski, Alastair G Proudfoot, Lenora Eberhart, David Langholz, Hans Schubert, Jeremy Wodarek, Tomasz A Timek
OBJECTIVES: Clinical and experimental tricuspid valve physiology data are derived predominantly from anesthetized subjects, but normal tricuspid valve geometry and dynamics may be altered by general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. We set out to investigate 3-dimensional geometry and dynamics of the tricuspid valve complex in awake and anesthetized sheep. METHODS: While on cardiopulmonary bypass and with the heart beating, 6 adult sheep (50 ± 8 kg) underwent implantation of 6 sonomicrometry crystals around the tricuspid annulus...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
F Yan, J Li, H J Wang, X Yang, J B Yang, X J Tu
Objective: By observing the clinical effect of ultrasound, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and traditional standard in positioning the general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation in elderly patients, the superiority of laryngeal mask positioning with visualization technique of ultrasound and fiberoptic bronchoscope on airway management in elderly patients with general anesthesia was analyzed. Methods: One hundred and twenty cases of elderly patients with general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation from the People's Hospital of Yuyao city from October 2016 to October 2017 were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups( n =40)according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading criteria Ⅰ-Ⅲ...
May 15, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
O Langeron, J-L Bourgain, D Francon, J Amour, C Baillard, G Bouroche, M Chollet Rivier, F Lenfant, B Plaud, P Schoettker, D Fletcher, L Velly, K Nouette-Gaulain
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to French guidelines about « Difficult intubation and extubation in adult anaesthesia 2006 » DESIGN: A consensus committee of 13 experts was convened. A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. The entire guidelines process was conducted independent of any industry funding. The authors were advised to follow the principles of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to guide assessment of quality of evidence...
May 23, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
K Lange, A Brinker, M Nowak, C Zöllner, W Lauer
BACKGROUND: The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) was notified of an event in which it was not possible to sufficiently ventilate a patient suffering a severe asthma attack. It turned out that the ventilation pressures used by the device for pressure-controlled ventilation were below the values set by the user, which the user was not aware of. The ventilation pressures chosen by the user exceeded the preset alarm limits of the ventilator. This pressure and alarm management significantly differed from that of other ventilators used in the hospital...
May 25, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
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