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Anesthesia Ventilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820799/regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-after-surgery-in-icu
#1
Mathieu Capdevila, Séverin Ramin, Xavier Capdevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to demonstrate that ICU physicians should play a pivotal role in developing regional anesthesia techniques that are underused in critically ill patients despite the proven facts in perioperative and long-term pain, organ dysfunction, and postsurgery patient health-related quality of life improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia and/or analgesia strategies in ICU reduce the surgical and trauma-stress response in surgical patients as well as complications incidence...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811811/transient-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-after-transoral-intubation-for-general-anesthesia
#2
Young Jin Choi, Jin Hee Lee, Young Duck Shin
Hypoglossal nerve palsy induces palsy in the ipsilateral lingual muscles, resulting in tongue deviation and articulation disorder. It is a rare condition that may stem from a variety of causes. Therefore, it is important to consider the possible causes of hypoglossal nerve palsy related to surgery or anesthesia, including intubation, the surgical positions, and mask ventilation during recovery.
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804607/effects-of-buprenorphine-in-the-adrenal-thyroid-and-cytokine-intra-operative-responses-in-a-rat-model-rattus-norvegicus-a-preliminary-study
#3
Nuno M Félix, Rodolfo O Leal, I Goy-Thollot, Ronald S Walton, Solange A Gil, Luísa M Mateus, Ana S Matos, Maria M R E Niza
OBJECTIVES: Buprenorphine is a common analgesic in experimental research, due to effectiveness and having few side-effects, including a limited influence in the immune and endocrine systems. However, how buprenorphine affects cytokine levels and the adrenal and thyroid response during general anesthesia and surgery is incompletely understood. This study aimed to assess whether buprenorphine modulated significantly those responses in rats submitted to general anesthesia, mechanical ventilation, and surgical insertion of intravascular catheters...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802605/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-neuraxial-anesthesia-compared-with-general-anesthesia-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#4
REVIEW
Marcelo A Longo, Bárbara T Cavalheiro, Getúlio R de Oliveira Filho
BACKGROUND: Pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) can cause hypercapnia, hypoxemia, hemodynamic changes and shoulder pain. General anesthesia (GA) enables the control of intraoperative pain and ventilation. The need for GA has been questioned by studies suggesting that neuraxial anesthesia (NA) is adequate for LC. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence of intraoperative pain and to verify whether evidence on the maintenance of ventilation, circulation and surgical anesthesia during NA compared with GA is consistent...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800992/new-approaches-to-airway-management-in-tracheal-resections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Mark Schieren, Andreas Böhmer, Fabian Dusse, Aris Koryllos, Frank Wappler, Jerome Defosse
OBJECTIVES: Although endotracheal intubation, surgical crossfield intubation, and jet ventilation are standard techniques for airway management in tracheal resections, there are also reports of new approaches, ranging from regional anesthesia to extracorporeal support. The objective was to outline the entire spectrum of new airway techniques. DESIGN: The literature databases PubMed/Medline and the Cochrane Library were searched systematically for prospective and retrospective trials as well as case reports on tracheal resections...
August 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800778/effects-of-intraoperative-peep-optimization-on-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-the-inflammatory-response-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Zoltán Ruszkai, Erika Kiss, Ildikó László, Fanni Gyura, Erika Surány, Péter Töhötöm Bartha, Gergely Péter Bokrétás, Edit Rácz, István Buzogány, Zoltán Bajory, Erzsébet Hajdú, Zsolt Molnár
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation during major abdominal surgery commonly develop pulmonary atelectasis and/or hyperdistention of the lungs. Recent studies show benefits of lung-protective mechanical ventilation with the use of low tidal volumes, a moderate level of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and regular alveolar recruitment maneuvers during general anesthesia, even in patients with healthy lungs. The purpose of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effects of intraoperative lung-protective mechanical ventilation, using individualized PEEP values, on postoperative pulmonary complications and the inflammatory response...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798877/previously-undiagnosed-spinal-and-bulbar-muscular-atrophy-as-a-cause-of-airway-obstruction-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy
#7
Miyuki Niki, Taihei Tachikawa, Yuka Sano, Hiroki Miyawaki, Aisa Matoi, Yukari Okano, Nobutaka Kariya, Tsuneo Tatara, Munetaka Hirose
BACKGROUND: Preoperative vocal cord paralysis is a risk factor for postoperative respiratory distress following extubation after general anesthesia. We present an unusual case where a geriatric patient developed airway obstruction after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old male, who had suffered from left vocal cord paralysis of unknown etiology, was scheduled for robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). General anesthesia was performed without any problems...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797752/efficacy-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-incentive-spirometry-on-respiratory-functions-during-the-postoperative-period-following-supratentorial-craniotomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Hulya Kahraman Sah, Eren Fatma Akcil, Yusuf Tunali, Hayriye Vehid, Ozlem Korkmaz Dilmen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Volume controlled ventilation with low PEEP is used in neuro-anesthesia to provide constant PaCO2 levels and prevent raised intracranial pressure. Therefore, neurosurgery patients prone to atelectasis formation, however, we could not find any study that evaluates prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in neurosurgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Intensive care unit in a university hospital in Istanbul...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793002/laryngeal-tube-suction-for-airway-management-during-in-hospital-emergencies
#9
Haitham Mutlak, Christian Friedrich Weber, Dirk Meininger, Colleen Cuca, Kai Zacharowski, Christian Byhahn, Richard Schalk
OBJECTIVE: The role of supraglottic airway devices in emergency airway management is highlighted in international airway management guidelines. We evaluated the application of the new generation laryngeal tube suction (LTS-II/LTS-D) in the management of in-hospital unexpected difficult airway and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHODS: During a seven-year period, patients treated with a laryngeal tube who received routine anesthesia and had an unexpected difficult airway (Cormack Lehane Grade 3-4), who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation outside the operating room and had a difficult airway were evaluated...
July 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781098/recent-advances-in-surgical-management-of-early-lung-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Shun-Mao Yang, Hsao-Hsun Hsu, Jin-Shing Chen
The broad application of low-dose computed tomography screening has resulted in the detection of many more cases of early lung cancer than ever before in modern history. Recent advances in the management of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer have focused on making therapy less traumatic, enhancing recovery, and preserving lung function. In this review, we discuss several new modalities associated with minimally invasive surgery for lung cancer. Firstly, less lung parenchyma resection via sublobar resection has become an acceptable alternative to lobectomy in patients with tumors less than 2 cm in size or with poor cardiopulmonary reserve...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780837/-application-and-efficacy-of-endotracheal-tube-of-drug-injection-for-postoperative-patients
#11
S Q Liu, Z Liu, W C Yang, Z H Hu, J L Zhang, Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of endotracheal tube for drug injection in postoperative ICU patients. Methods: A total of 60 ICU patients who were given mechanical ventilation after surgical treatment were enrolled in this study from January 2015 to August 2016 at our hospital. All the patients were divided into the observation group (30 cases) and the control group (30 cases). In the observation group, the patients were treated with the endotracheal tube for surface anesthesia by injecting 2% lidocaine into the trachea, and patients in the control group were treated with saline instead of lidocaine...
August 1, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763432/endovascular-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-under-general-anesthesia-predictors-of-good-outcome
#12
Umeshkumar Athiraman, Ali Sultan-Qurraie, Bala Nair, David L Tirschwell, Basavaraj Ghodke, Adam D Havenon, Danial K Hallam, Louis J Kim, Kyra J Becker, Deepak Sharma
BACKGROUND: The choice of anesthetic technique, general anesthesia (GA) versus Monitored Anesthesia Care, may impact the outcome of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with good discharge outcome in patients receiving GA for AIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic medical records of patients above 18 years old who underwent endovascular treatment of AIS under GA at a Comprehensive Stroke Center from 2010 to 2014 were reviewed...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763357/variability-in-the-use-of-protective-mechanical-ventilation-during-general-anesthesia
#13
Karim S Ladha, Brian T Bateman, Timothy T Houle, Myrthe A C De Jong, Marcos F Vidal Melo, Krista F Huybrechts, Tobias Kurth, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether significant variation exists in the use of protective ventilation across individual anesthesia providers and whether this difference can be explained by patient, procedure, and provider-related characteristics. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 262 anesthesia providers treating 57,372 patients at a tertiary care hospital between 2007 and 2014. Protective ventilation was defined as a median positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cm H2O or more, tidal volume of <10 mL/kg of predicted body weight and plateau pressure of <30 cm H2O...
July 28, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759491/the-evaluation-of-a-noninvasive-respiratory-volume-monitor-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#14
Andrea D Gomez-Morad, Joseph P Cravero, Brian C Harvey, Rachel Bernier, Erin Halpin, Brian Walsh, Viviane G Nasr
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients following surgery are at risk for respiratory compromise such as hypoventilation and hypoxemia depending on their age, comorbidities, and type of surgery. Quantitative measurement of ventilation in nonintubated infants/children is a difficult and inexact undertaking. Current respiratory assessment in nonintubated patients relies on oximetry data, respiratory rate (RR) monitors, and subjective clinical assessment, but there is no objective measure of respiratory parameters that could be utilized to predict early respiratory compromise...
July 27, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757826/an-observational-study-effects-of-tenting-of-the-abdominal-wall-on-peak-airway-pressure-in-robotic-radical-prostatectomy-surgery
#15
Avinash Sahebarav Kakde, Harshal D Wagh
BACKGROUND: Robotic radical prostatectomy (RRP) is associated with various anesthetic challenges due to pneumoperitoneum and deep Trendelenburg position. Tenting of the abdominal wall done in RRP surgery causes decrease in peak airway pressure leading to better ventilation. Herein, we aimed to describe the effects of tenting of the abdominal wall on peak airway pressure in RRP surgery performed in deep Trendelenburg position. METHODS: One hundred patients admitted for RRP in Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital of American Society of Anesthesiologists 1 and 2 physical status were included in the study...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755978/duration-of-isoflurane-based-surgical-anesthesia-determines-severity-of-brain-injury-and-neurological-deficits-after-a-transient-focal-ischemia-in-young-adult-rats
#16
Nikhil Gaidhani, Fen Sun, Derek Schreihofer, Victor V Uteshev
Tremendous efforts and funds invested in discovery of novel drug treatments for ischemic stroke have so far failed to deliver clinically efficacious therapies. The reasons for these failures are not fully understood. An indiscriminate use of isoflurane-based surgical anesthesia with or without nitrous oxide may act as an unconstrained, untraceable source of data variability, potentially causing false-positive or false-negative results. To test this hypothesis, a common transient suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model of ischemic stroke in young adult male rats was used to determine the impact of a typical range of anesthesia durations required for this model on data variability (i...
July 27, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743341/-effect-of-external-abdominal-aorta-compression-on-circulation-during-anesthesia-induction-in-elderly-patients
#17
Xiuman Li, Lixiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of external abdominal aorta compression on circulation during anesthetic induction in elderly patients. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Patients with age of 60-75 years old, requiring a general anesthesia for non-abdominal surgery, and with II-III class of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, and admitted to General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces from January to April in 2017 were enrolled...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742774/improving-adherence-to-intraoperative-lung-protective-ventilation-strategies-at-a-university-medical-center
#18
Sean A Josephs, Gretchen A Lemmink, Judith A Strong, Cassandra L Barry, William E Hurford
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative lung-protective ventilation (ILPV) is defined as tidal volumes <8 mL/kg ideal bodyweight and is increasingly a standard of care for major abdominal surgical procedures performed under general anesthesia. In this study, we report the result of a quality improvement initiative targeted at improving adherence to ILPV guidelines in a large academic teaching hospital. METHODS: We performed a time-series study to determine whether anesthesia provider adherence to ILPV was affected by certain improvement interventions and patient ideal body weight (IBW)...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740394/a-case-of-iatrogenic-pneumothorax-in-which-chest-tube-placement-could-be-avoided-by-intraoperative-evaluation-with-transthoracic-ultrasonography
#19
Izumi Sato, Hirotsugu Kanda, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Atsushi Kurosawa, Takayuki Kunisawa
We report a case of iatrogenic pneumothorax in which chest tube placement was avoided by continuous intraoperative evaluation with transthoracic ultrasonography. A 53-year-old man had undergone a subsegmentectomy. While attempting to place a central venous catheter in the right internal jugular vein after the induction of anesthesia, we identified gas absorption during the puncture and suspected a pneumothorax. Chest X-ray revealed an ~5-mm collapse of the right lung apex. Tension pneumothorax was a concern during surgery because of the long-term positive pressure ventilation, but we decided to start the operation without preventative chest tube placement...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738893/anaphylaxis-with-delayed-appearance-of-skin-manifestations-during-general-anesthesia-two-case-reports
#20
Hiroshi Hanamoto, Fumi Kozu, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Chizuko Yokoe, Hitoshi Niwa
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is difficult to diagnose in the absence of skin or mucosal signs and symptoms. We report two cases of anaphylaxis under general anesthesia, in which the initial presentation was in the form of respiratory signs, followed by skin manifestations 10-15 min later. Diagnosis of anaphylaxis was delayed because skin symptoms were absent early on in the presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: In the first case, a 23-year-old male patient with jaw deformity was scheduled to undergo maxillary alveolar osteotomy...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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