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Anesthesia Mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634094/regional-anesthesia-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-what-is-the-evidence
#1
Dalia H Elmofty, Asokumar Buvanendran
Total joint arthroplasty is one of the most common surgical procedures performed for end-stage osteoarthritis. The increasing demand for knee and hip arthroplasties along with the improvement in life expectancy has created a substantial medical and economic impact on the society. Effective planning of health care for these individuals is vital. The best method for providing anesthesia and analgesia for total joint arthroplasty has not been defined. Yet, emerging evidence suggests that the type of anesthesia can affect morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing these procedures...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628578/neuraxial-anesthesia-in-obstetric-patients-receiving-thromboprophylaxis-with-unfractionated-or-low-molecular-weight-heparin-a-systematic-review-of-spinal-epidural-hematoma
#2
Lisa R Leffert, Heloise M Dubois, Alexander J Butwick, Brendan Carvalho, Timothy T Houle, Ruth Landau
Venous thromboembolism remains a major source of morbidity and mortality in obstetrics with an incidence of 29.8/100,000 vaginal delivery hospitalizations; cesarean delivery confers a 4-fold increased risk of thromboembolism when compared with vaginal delivery. Revised national guidelines now stipulate that the majority of women delivering via cesarean and women at risk for ante- or postpartum venous thromboembolism receive mechanical or pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. This practice change has important implications for obstetric anesthesiologists concerned about the risk of spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) among anticoagulated women receiving neuraxial anesthesia...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625309/maternal-mortality-and-the-role-of-the-obstetric-anesthesiologist
#3
REVIEW
Gillian Abir, Jill Mhyre
Maternal mortality is increasing in the United States and remains unacceptably high in many parts of the world. Pre-existing conditions and social determinants of health frequently contribute to maternal death. General solutions to enhance maternal safety focus on systems to identify women at high risk and to tailor the management before, during, and after pregnancy. This review highlights condition-specific solutions for the leading etiologies of maternal death, including cardiac disease, sepsis, hemorrhage, venous thromboembolism, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and amniotic fluid embolism...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621689/age-adjusted-charlson-comorbidity-index-score-as-predictor-of-survival-of-patients-with-digestive-system-cancer-who-have-undergone-surgical-resection
#4
Yaohua Tian, Zhong Jian, Beibei Xu, Hui Liu
Comorbidities have considerable effects on survival outcomes. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to examine the association between age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) score and postoperative in-hospital mortality in patients with digestive system cancer who have undergone surgical resection of their cancers. Using electronic hospitalization summary reports, we identified 315,464 patients who had undergone surgery for digestive system cancer in top-rank (Grade 3A) hospitals in China between 2013 and 2015...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621255/behavioral-characteristics-of-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio-after-ms222-anesthesia-for-fin-excision
#5
Mélissa Cm De Lombaert, Elizabeth L Rick, Lisa A Krugner-Higby, Marc A Wolman
The health of laboratory animals is an ethical responsibility of researchers and a critical determinant of experimentaloutcome. Therefore, all husbandry procedures should be evaluated for their effects on mortality, behavior, and physiologyto maximize animal welfare and minimize experimental variability. For adult zebrafish, the excision of a small portion ofthe caudal fin (that is, 'fin clipping') under MS222 anesthesia is a common procedure to obtain tissue for genotyping. Thepotential effect of this procedure on behavioral and physiologic assays of feeding, anxiety, and stress has not previously beenassessed...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621182/-non-intubated-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-lobectomy-as-a-new-procedure-in-our-department
#6
József Furák, Zsolt Szabó, Theodor Horváth, Tibor Géczi, Balázs Pécsy, Tibor Németh, Aurél Ottlakán, Zsolt Molnár, György Lázár
AIM: Due to the emerging experience in VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) lobectomies, in some centers the so called "non-intubated" VATS lobectomies (NITS - non-intubated thoracic surgery) gained increased authority, during which endotracheal intubation and muscle relaxation of the patient is not carried out, thus surgery is being performed with the patient breathing spontaneously. The recent study deals with our initial experience gained during uniportal NITS VATS lobectomies. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between 24...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619309/scalp-acupuncture-attenuates-neurological-deficits-in-a-rat-model-of-hemorrhagic-stroke
#7
Hao Liu, Xiaowei Sun, Wei Zou, Mengtong Leng, Beng Zhang, Xiaoyu Kang, Tao He, Hui Wang
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic stroke accounts for approximately 15% of all stroke cases, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Limited human studies suggested that scalp acupuncture could facilitate functional recovery after cerebral hemorrhage. In the current study, we used an animal model of cerebral hemorrhage to examine the potential effects of scalp acupuncture. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received autologous blood (50μL) into the right caudate nucleus on the right side under pentobarbital anesthesia, and then received scalp acupuncture (DU20 through GB7 on the lesion side) or sham acupuncture (1cm to the right side of the acupoints) (n=10 per group)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615506/modified-protocol-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-is-beneficial-for-chinese-cancer-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#8
Xiaxing Deng, Xi Cheng, Zhen Huo, Yuan Shi, Zhijian Jin, Haoran Feng, Yue Wang, Chenlei Wen, Hao Qian, Ren Zhao, Weihua Qiu, Baiyong Shen, Chenghong Peng
Radical surgical resection remains the only effective treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer. Effective protocols for recovery from post-operative complications that result in high rates of morbidity and mortality are therefore essential. The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is an interdisciplinary multimodal concept based on modern anesthesia and analgesia combined with other fast rehabilitation parameters. It was first applied in the field of elective colorectal surgery, and eventually extended to several surgical diseases...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614179/molecular-hydrogen-inhalation-attenuates-postoperative-cognitive-impairment-in-rats
#9
Yuchang Xin, Huiying Liu, Peng Zhang, Liuhui Chang, Keliang Xie
Postoperative cognitive decline is a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality after surgery. Many studies have found that molecular hydrogen (H2) has significant neuroprotection against acute and chronic neurological injury by regulating inflammation and apoptosis. In this study, we hypothesized that H2 treatment could ameliorate the development of cognitive impairment following surgery. Adult male rats were subjected to stabilized tibial fracture operation under anesthesia. Two percent of H2 was inhaled for 3 h beginning at 1 h after surgery...
June 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607342/continuous-regional-anesthesia-a-review-of-perioperative-outcome-benefits
#10
Dario Bugada, Daniela Ghisi, Edward R Mariano
Routine use of regional anesthesia for patients having surgery is supported by general safety and proven effectiveness as a targeted modality in the prevention and treatment of acute pain. Recently, perioperative physicians have become much more interested in improving long-term outcomes after surgery rather than focusing on the well-established short-term benefits of regional anesthesia. This interest has raised important questions regarding the potential influence of regional anesthesia on morbidity and mortality, persistent pain and cancer prognosis...
June 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594825/intraoperative-hypothermia-and-its-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-national-study-in-china
#11
Jie Yi, Yongjing Lei, Shiyuan Xu, Yongyu Si, Shiyang Li, Zhongyuan Xia, Yisa Shi, Xiaoping Gu, Jianshe Yu, Guohai Xu, Erwei Gu, Yonghao Yu, Yanqing Chen, Hequn Jia, Yinglin Wang, Xiuli Wang, Xiaoqing Chai, Xiaoju Jin, Junping Chen, Meiying Xu, Junyu Xiong, Guonian Wang, Kaizhi Lu, Wenli Yu, Weifu Lei, Zaisheng Qin, Jingguo Xiang, Longyun Li, Ziyong Xiang, Shuang Pan, Lujing Zhan, Kai Qiu, Min Yao, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Inadvertent intraoperative hypothermia (core temperature <36°C) is a frequently preventable complication with several adverse consequences. Our study aimed to determine the overall incidence of inadvertent intraoperative hypothermia and its risk factors associated with clinical outcomes in this national survey in China. METHODS: We conducted a national cross-sectional study with 30 days postoperative follow-up from November 2014 through August 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594746/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-eliminates-racial-disparities-in-postoperative-length-of-stay-after-colorectal-surgery
#12
Tyler S Wahl, Lauren E Goss, Melanie S Morris, Allison A Gullick, Joshua S Richman, Gregory D Kennedy, Jamie A Cannon, Selwyn M Vickers, Sara J Knight, Jeffrey W Simmons, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on racial disparities in postoperative length of stay (pLOS) after colorectal surgery. BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in surgical outcomes exist. We hypothesized that ERAS would reduce disparities in pLOS between black and white patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing ERAS in 2015 were 1:1 matched by race/ethnicity, age, sex, and procedure to a pre-ERAS group from 2010 to 2014...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588630/echocardiographic-assessment-of-myocardial-infarction-comparison-of-a-rat-model-in-two-strains
#13
R Esmaeili, A Sadeghpour, A Darbandi-Azar, K Majidzadeh-A, A Vajhi, M Sadeghizadeh
The purpose of this study was to induce myocardial infarction (MI) and compare the echocardiographic parameters and mortality ratio of Lewis inbred and Wistar outbred strain before and after the procedure to help choose the best one for MI studies. In this study MI was induced in 46 Lewis and 34 Wistar by occlusion of left anterior descending artery (LAD). Doppler, two-dimensional (2-D) and 2-D guided M-mode images were recorded from parasternal long-axis and parasternal short-axis and apical four-chamber views...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585138/assessment-of-complications-after-liver-surgery-two-novel-grading-systems-applied-to-patients-undergoing-hepatectomy
#14
Li-Ning Xu, Bo Yang, Gui-Ping Li, De-Wei Gao
Although quality assessment is gaining increasing attention, there is still no consensus on how to define and grade postoperative complications. The absence of a definition and a widely accepted ranking system to classify surgical complications has hampered proper interpretation of the surgical outcome. This study aimed to define and search the simple and reproducible classification of complications following hepatectomy based on two therapy-oriented severity grading system: Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications and Accordion severity grading of postoperative complications...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583758/perioperative-complications-in-patients-with-sleep-apnea-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty
#16
Syed Y Naqvi, Amin H Rabiei, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Camilo Restrepo, Eugene R Viscusi, Javad Parvizi, Mohammad R Rasouli
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effect of sleep apnea (SA) on perioperative complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and whether the type of anesthesia influences these complications. METHODS: Using the ninth and tenth revisions of the International Classification of Diseases, coding systems, we queried our institutional TJA database from January 2005 to June 2016 to identify patients with SA who underwent TJA. These patients were matched in a 1:3 ratio based on age, gender, type of surgery, and comorbidities to patients who underwent TJA but were not coded for SA...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579899/effects-of-the-rabdosia-rubescens-total-flavonoids-on-focal-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-model-in-rats
#17
Mingsan Miao, Xiaoli Yan, Lin Guo, Shuai Shao
The effect of the Rabdosia rubescens total flavonoids on focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion model in rats was observed. The model group, nimodipine group, cerebral collateral group, and large, medium and small dose group of the Rabdosia rubescens total flavonoids were administered with corresponding drugs but sham operation group and model group were administered the same volume of 0.5%CMC, 1 times a day, continuous administration of 7 d. After 1 h at 7 d to medicine, left incision in the middle of the neck of rats after anesthesia, we can firstly expose and isolate the left common carotid artery (CCA), and then expose external carotid artery (ECA) and internal carotid artery (ICA)...
May 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574957/-attention-everyone-time-out-safety-attitudes-and-checklist-practices-in-anesthesiology-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Christopher Neuhaus, Aline Spies, Henryk Wilk, Markus A Weigand, Christoph Lichtenstern
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative checklists has generated a growing body of evidence pointing toward reduction of mortality and morbidity, improved compliance with guidelines, reduction of adverse events, and improvements in human factor-related areas. Usual quality management metrics generally fall short in assessing compliance with their perioperative application. Our study assessed application attitudes and compliance with safety measures centered around the World Health Organization (WHO) "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign as perceived by anesthesia professionals in Germany...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555067/outcome-of-a-modified-laparoscopic-suture-rectopexy-for-rectal-prolapse-with-the-use-of-a-single-or-double-suture-a-case-series-of-15-patients
#19
Daiki Yasukawa, Tomohide Hori, Takafumi Machimoto, Toshiyuki Hata, Yoshio Kadokawa, Tatsuo Ito, Shigeru Kato, Yuki Aisu, Yusuke Kimura, Yuichi Takamatsu, Taku Kitano, Tsunehiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND Surgery is considered to be a mainstay of therapy for full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP). Surgical procedures for FTRP have been described, but optimal treatment is still controversial. The aim of this report is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a simplified laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSR) in a case series of 15 patients who presented with FTRP and who had postoperative follow-up for six months. CASE REPORT Fifteen patients who underwent a modified LSR at our surgical unit from September 2010 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553161/presentation-of-a-method-at-the-exploration-stage-according-to-ideal-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-under-local-infiltrative-anesthesia-is-a-feasible-and-effective-method-retrospective-analysis-of-439-patients
#20
Thorsten H Ecke, Dimitri Barski, Guido Weingart, Carsten Lange, Steffen Hallmann, Jürgen Ruttloff, Friedhelm Wawroschek, Holger Gerullis
INTRODUCTION: This study addresses minimally invasive anesthesiologic and analgetic approaches for stone surgery in the upper urinary tract. Aim of this retrospective analysis is to compare feasibility, safety and complication rates of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) under local infiltration anesthesia alone (Group I) and additive intravenous analgetics and/or sedative medications (Group II). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a single center study. A total of 439 patients have been included from November 2003 until March 2012...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
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