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Wrist injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643521/a-novel-all-inside-arthroscopic-technique-for-radial-sided-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-tears-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Michael T Edgerton, Robert C Kollmorgen
BACKGROUND: Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries are a known cause of ulnar-sided wrist pain. Wrist arthroscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of these lesions and is becoming a more frequent method of treatment. Isolated radial-sided tears are uncommon and treatment of these lesions is controversial. There are few reports on repair techniques. Here we report on a novel arthroscopic, all-inside technique for traumatic radial-sided TFCC tears that resulted in full range of motion, significant improvement in pain, and ultimately return to sport...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638948/does-socioeconomic-status-influence-the-epidemiology-and-outcome-of-distal-radial-fractures-in-adults
#2
N D Clement, A D Duckworth, N R Wickramasinghe, C M Court-Brown, M M McQueen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study in adult patients with a distal radial fracture was to determine whether socioeconomic status influenced the epidemiology, mechanism of injury, fracture severity, or the outcome according to function, radiographic assessment, and rate of associated complications. METHODS: We identified 3983 distal radial fractures over a 7-year period. Socioeconomic status was assigned using the Carstairs score, and the population was divided into quintiles depending on deprivation...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637143/validity-and-reliability-of-an-activity-monitor-to-quantify-arm-movements-and-activity-in-adults-following-distal-radius-fracture
#3
Andrea M Bruder, Jodie A McClelland, Nora Shields, Karen J Dodd, Raphael Hau, Alexander T M van de Water, Nicholas F Taylor
PURPOSE: To examine the validity and reliability of an activity monitor to estimate upper limb activity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults after distal radial fracture were recruited. 15 adults performed five upper limb activities during two testing sessions, one week apart to investigate criterion validity against the criterion reference of three-dimensional motion analysis, convergent validity, and test-retest reliability. 17 adults in two therapy groups wore monitors for three consecutive days at baseline and six weeks post-intervention...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634000/dose-dependent-effects-of-abobotulinumtoxina-dysport%C3%A2-on-spasticity-and-active-movements-in-adults-with-upper-limb-spasticity-secondary-analysis-of-a-phase-3-study
#4
Michael W O'Dell, Allison Brashear, Robert Jech, Thierry Lejeune, Philippe Marque, Djamel Bensmail, Ziyad Ayyoub, David M Simpson, Magali Volteau, Claire Vilain, Philippe Picaut, Jean Michel Gracies
BACKGROUND: AbobotulinumtoxinA has beneficial effects on spasticity and active movements in hemiparetic adults with upper limb spasticity (ULS). However, evidence-based information on optimal dosing for clinical use is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe joint-specific dose effects of abobotulinumtoxinA in adults with ULS. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a phase 3 study (NCT01313299). SETTING: Multi-center, international, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632594/outcome-of-early-and-late-diagnosed-essex-lopresti-injury
#5
Marc Schnetzke, Felix Porschke, Karin Hoppe, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Gruetzner, Thorsten Guehring
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes in a large series of Essex-Lopresti injuries (ELIs) and to compare patients with early and late diagnoses. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with an ELI (average age and standard deviation [SD], 46 ± 10 years) who were followed for a minimum of 2 years were included in the study. Patients were grouped according to whether the ELI had been diagnosed early (on the day of the injury) or late (>4 weeks after the radial head injury)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628801/evaluation-of-midcarpal-capitate-contact-mechanics-in-normal-injured-and-post-operative-wrists
#6
Saman Modaresi, Madhan S Kallem, Phil Lee, Terence E McIff, E Bruce Toby, Kenneth J Fischer
BACKGROUND: Scapholunate ligament injury is a commonly occurring carpal ligament injury. Pathology associated with scapholunate ligament injury depends on several factors such as the time after injury, type of injury (instability) and the development of osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare contact mechanics in the lunocapitate and scaphocapitate joints in the normal, injured (scapholunate dissociation) and repaired (postoperative) wrist. METHODS: Four human subjects with scapholunate ligament dissociation participated in this study...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625615/efficacy-and-safety-of-abobotulinumtoxina-dysport%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-hemiparesis-in-adults-with-upper-limb-spasticity-previously-treated-with-botulinum-toxin-sub-analysis-from-a-phase-3-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Christina Marciniak, Peter McAllister, Heather Walker, Allison Brashear, Steven Edgley, Thierry Deltombe, Svetlana Khatkova, Marta Banach, Fatma Gul, Claire Vilain, Philippe Picaut, Anne-Sophie Grandoulier, Jean-Michel Gracies
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of abobotulinumtoxinA in adults with upper limb spasticity previously treated with botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A). DESIGN: A post-hoc analysis from a Phase 3, prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study SETTING: 34 neurology or rehabilitation clinics in nine countries. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 18-80 years with hemiparesis, ≥6 months after stroke or traumatic brain injury. This analysis focused on a subgroup of subjects with previous onabotulinumtoxinA or incobotulinumtoxinA treatment (n=105 of 243 in the total trial population) in the affected limb...
June 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623144/cardiovascular-stress-during-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#8
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the amount of a) cardiovascular stress, b) self-reported physical activity and c) accelerometry-measured physical activity by individuals with SCI during physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) and, 2) to investigate the relationship between these measures. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient SCI rehabilitation centres. PARTICIPANTS: SCI patients (n=87) were recruited from consecutive admissions to rehabilitation...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616787/subtle-radiographic-signs-of-hamate-body-fracture-a-diagnosis-not-to-miss-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Nathan D Cecava, Mary F Finn, Liem T Mansfield
Hamate fractures are estimated to represent 1.7% of all carpal fractures and can occur at the hamulus (hook) or hamate body depending on mechanism of injury. Fractures of the hamate body can be exceedingly difficult to identify on standard wrist and hand radiographs in the emergency department. If the diagnosis is missed in the emergency department, orthopedic referral is often delayed. This can result in lasting functional disability for the patient, as these fractures have a propensity to destabilize the fourth and fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joints...
June 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604547/the-crisis-of-deficiency-in-emergency-coverage-for-hand-and-facial-trauma-exploring-the-discrepancy-between-availability-of-elective-and-emergency-surgical-coverage
#10
Lauren A Whipple, Tara Kelly, Oluseyi Aliu, Malcolm Z Roth, Ashit Patel
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits, with approximately 40.2 million injury-related visits occurring in 2011. Facial, hand, and wrist injuries make up a large portion of these visits. Despite the high demand for specialists to attend to these injury-related emergency department visits, recent studies have suggested a discrepancy between elective surgical coverage and trauma care in general. The goal of this study was to determine if there was a difference between access to elective surgical procedures in comparison with on-call emergency care for facial and hand/wrist conditions in New York State...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604072/-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-distal-pediatric-forearm-fractures
#11
Marcell Varga, Nikolett Gáti, Erika Kalóz, Zsuzsanna Bíró, Csenge Szeverényi, Dániel Kardos, Gergő Józsa
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the effectivity of sonographic diagnosis of pediatric wrist fractures and analyzing the results of two pediatric musculoskeletal centers. METHOD: Between 2011 January and 2015 December 467 children aged 0-15 with closed wrist injuries and open growth plates were sonographically and radiologically evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon or a resident in trainee. Sonography was performed immediately after physical examination with linear probes of 7-14 Mhz frequency...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599013/thumb-rest-position-and-its-role-in-neuromuscular-control-of-the-clarinet-task
#12
Kathryn E Young, Sara A Winges
Musicians spend long hours of practice and performance to master their instrument. Clarinet players support their roughly 2-lb instrument on the right-hand thumb, which results in cumulative static loading of the arm. This posture in turn can cause discomfort and, in some cases, evolve into debilitating overuse injuries and pain throughout the right upper limb. Altering the thumb-rest position has been proposed as a way to alleviate this discomfort, although no quantitative research has been conducted on this issue...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594695/wrist-arthroscopy-in-children-and-adolescent-with-chronic-wrist-pain-arthroscopic-findings-compared-with-mri
#13
Ashok L Ramavath, P N Unnikrishnan, Harvey L George, Paramasivam Sathyamoorthy, Colin E Bruce
BACKGROUND: Wrist arthroscopy is a dynamic diagnostic procedure and its indications are growing as a treatment modality in the adult population. The aim of the study was to retrospectively report our series of pediatric and adolescence with chronic wrist pain, with or without wrist instability who underwent wrist arthroscopy after failing at least 4 months of conservative management. Our secondary aim was to report the sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation for various injury subgroups against the gold standard of the arthroscopic findings...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594521/pediatric-distal-radius-fractures
#14
Karan Dua, Joshua M Abzug, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick
Distal radius fractures are the most common orthopaedic injury that occur in the pediatric population. The annual incidence of distal radius fractures has increased as a result of earlier participation in sporting activities, increased body mass index, and decreased bone mineral density. Most distal radius fractures are sustained after a fall onto an outstretched arm that results in axial compression on the extremity or from direct trauma to the extremity. Physeal fractures of the distal radius are described based on the Salter-Harris classification system...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593429/ultrasound-imaging-of-the-thenar-motor-branch-of-the-median-nerve-a-cadaveric-study
#15
David Petrover, Jonathan Bellity, Marie Vigan, Remy Nizard, Antoine Hakime
INTRODUCTION: Anatomic variations of the median nerve (MN) increase the risk of iatrogenic injury during carpal tunnel release surgery. We investigated whether high-frequency ultrasonography could identify anatomic variations of the MN and its thenar motor branch (MBMN) in the carpal tunnel. METHODS: For each volar wrist of healthy non-embalmed cadavers, the type of MN variant (Lanz classification), course and orientation of the MBMN, and presence of hypertrophic muscles were scored by 18-MHz ultrasound and then by dissection...
June 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583417/extremity-injuries-sustained-by-the-uk-military-in-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-2003-2014
#16
Henry Chandler, Kirsty MacLeod, Jowan G Penn-Barwell
INTRODUCTION: Extremity injuries predominate in warfare, however their nature, and overall burden to the individual and the health service is yet to be characterised for the UK military in the recent conflicts of Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS: We reviewed the all extremity injuries in survivors from the Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR) between 2003 and 2014. All cases recorded in the JTTR between the invasion of Iraq on the 19th March 2003 and cessation of combat operations in Afghanistan on the 27th October 2014, were examined...
May 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582272/ultrasound-guided-steroid-injection-of-the-pisotriquetral-joint-a-multidisciplinary-effort
#17
Steven W Brose, Janel Montfort, Kenneth J Gustafson, Ionica Mittebrun, Samantha Gauriloff, Mary Mosher, Dennis J Bourbeau
From the perspective of a multidisciplinary team, the authors describe the first reported use of ultrasound guidance for steroid injection into the pisotriquetral joint to relieve wrist pain of a person with spinal cord injury undergoing acute inpatient rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance was used to improve the accuracy of a corticosteroid injection of the pisotriquetral joint and the basal thumb in a 70-year-old man with paraplegia experiencing multifocal degenerative wrist pain. There was no bleeding or bruising after the injections, and the patient reported complete pain resolution 1 wk after the injections, which continued for over 1 yr...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574314/a-microcontroller-based-simulation-of-dural-venous-sinus-injury-for-neurosurgical-training
#18
Daniel R Cleary, Dominic A Siler, Nathaniel Whitney, Nathan R Selden
OBJECTIVE Surgical simulation has the potential to supplement and enhance traditional resident training. However, the high cost of equipment and limited number of available scenarios have inhibited wider integration of simulation in neurosurgical education. In this study the authors provide initial validation of a novel, low-cost simulation platform that recreates the stress of surgery using a combination of hands-on, model-based, and computer elements. Trainee skill was quantified using multiple time and performance measures...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570460/lesions-associated-with-calcium-gluconate-extravasation-presentation-of-5-clinical-cases-and-analysis-of-cases-published
#19
Francisco Javier Pacheco Compaña, José Midón Míguez, Francisco Javier de Toro Santos
INTRODUCTION: Calcium gluconate extravasation is a process, which, while not common, occurs more frequently in neonatal intensive care units. The aim of this study is to present a number of cases of calcium gluconate extravasation, which have occurred in our hospital, and to carry out a review of those clinical cases published in the literature to obtain relevant epidemiological data. METHODS: Data were gathered on the medical histories of 5 patients who presented lesions secondary to calcium gluconate extravasation in our center...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557906/ultrasound-imaging-of-median-nerve-conduit-in-a-patient-with-persistent-median-nerve-symptoms
#20
Santoshi Billakota, David S Ruch, Lisa D Hobson-Webb
Peripheral nerve injury can be reconstructed using composite polymer nerve autografts, but the sonographic appearance of nerve wraps and conduits have not been well documented. This case report describes the sonographic findings in a 42-year-old woman with bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome status post nerve repair with a conduit. The cross-sectional area of the left median nerve was 24 mm at the carpal tunnel inlet and 5 mm at the forearm. The wrist to forearm ratio was 4.8. There was a hypoechoic space surrounding the nerve that was 1...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
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