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Wrist injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436375/evaluation-of-treatment-of-low-energy-distal-radial-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Mariusz Tomaszuk, Jan Kiryluk, Andrzej Tomaszuk, Janusz Popko
BACKGROUND: Distal radial fractures are one of the most common injuries seen in traumatology. Most are treated conservatively with closed reduction and immobilisation in a plaster cast. However, this method does not always allow for achieving and maintaining normal fracture reduction in unstable fractures. The aim of this study was assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of treatment of distal radial fractures depending on the method used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 77 postmenopausal female subjects were divided into three subgroups, depending on the treatment methods: 1...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436285/musculoskeletal-injuries-associated-with-hoverboard-use-in-children
#2
Cecilia Monteilh, Prina Patel, John Gaffney
Hoverboards burst onto the scene with wide popularity only to be quickly deemed unsafe and banned in many arenas. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 35 patients seen in our outpatient pediatric orthopedic office over a 1-year period. The mean age of injured patients was 11.14 years; 18 patients were male (51.4%), and 17 were female (48.5%). The highest number of injuries occurred in children 10 to 14 years old who had 57.1% of the injuries. There were a total of 31 fractures in 27 patients. Most of the fractures were in the upper extremities (93...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435562/avulsion-fracture-of-brachioradialis-muscle-origin-an-exceedingly-rare-entity-a-case-report
#3
G Behera, G Balaji, J Menon, D Sharma, V K Komuravalli
Avulsion fracture of the brachioradialis origin at its proximal attachment on the lateral supracondylar ridge of the distal humerus is exceedingly rare, and only two cases have been reported in the literature so far. In this article, we present a 38 years old patient who sustained a closed avulsion fracture of the lateral supracondylar ridge of left humerus at the proximal attachment of brachioradialis following a fall backwards on outstretched hand after being struck by a lorry from behind while riding on a two-wheeler (motorcycle)...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431487/design-and-fuzzy-logic-control-of-an-active-wrist-orthosis
#4
Ergin Kilic, Erdi Dogan
People who perform excessive wrist movements throughout the day because of their professions have a higher risk of developing lateral and medial epicondylitis. If proper precautions are not taken against these diseases, serious consequences such as job loss and early retirement can occur. In this study, the design and control of an active wrist orthosis that is mobile, powerful and lightweight is presented as a means to avoid the occurrence and/or for the treatment of repetitive strain injuries in an effective manner...
April 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428919/tibial-bone-grafting-for-wrist-reconstruction
#5
Schneider K Rancy, Stephanie D Malliaris, Scott W Wolfe
Background Iliac crest bone graft harvesting is routinely performed for upper extremity orthopedic procedures despite high complication rates associated with sensory nerve injury, hematoma, chronic pain, and fracture. Description of Technique Cancellous bone graft is harvested from the proximal tibia using a medial approach, minimizing donor site morbidity. Patients and Methods A retrospective review was undertaken of 14 patients who underwent cancellous proximal tibia bone graft harvesting to augment healing of wrist reconstruction, with 2 months minimum follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428917/ulnolunate-ligament-avulsion-fracture-of-the-lunate-a-case-report
#6
Ryosuke Sato, Naohito Hibino, Yoshitaka Hamada, Koichi Sairyo
Traumatic lunate fractures are very rare and those treatments require an understanding of anatomical features. We present a case of an ulnolunate ligament avulsion fracture of the lunate that was successfully repaired by surgical fixation with open reduction and internal fixation. We believe that restoration of ulnolunate ligament function is important to prevent further deterioration of wrist function after this injury.
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428912/biomechanical-evaluation-of-carpal-kinematics-during-simulated-wrist-motion
#7
Helen Stoesser, Clare E Padmore, Masao Nishiwaki, Braden Gammon, G Daniel G Langohr, James A Johnson
Background Flexion and extension of the wrist is achieved primarily at the radiocarpal and midcarpal joints. Carpal kinematics have been investigated, although there remains no consensus regarding the relative contribution of each bone to wrist motion. Purpose To determine the kinematics of the scaphoid, lunate, and capitate during unconstrained simulated wrist flexion/extension and to examine the effect of motion direction on the contribution of each bone. Materials and Methods Seven cadaveric upper extremities were tested in a passive wrist simulator with 10N tone loads applied to the wrist flexors/extensors...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428910/role-of-the-interosseous-membrane-in-preventing-distal-radioulnar-gapping
#8
Frederick W Werner, Matthew R LeVasseur, Brian J Harley, Ashley Anderson
Background Damage to the interosseous membrane (IOM) can alter load transmission between the radius and ulna and decrease their axial stability. Less is known about the effect of IOM sectioning on the transverse stability between the radius and ulna. Purpose The purpose of this study was to quantify the radioulnar gapping at the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) during forearm rotation when the IOM was experimentally sectioned while maintaining the integrity of the distal radioulnar ligaments. Methods In 12 fresh-frozen cadaver forearms tested in a combined wrist-forearm simulator, the increase in gap between the radius and ulna, at the level of the DRUJ, was determined during cyclic forearm rotation following IOM sectioning...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423974/competitive-bass-anglers-a-new-concern-in-sports-medicine
#9
Connor R Read, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, A Reed Estes
OBJECTIVE: Competitive bass angling involves sport fishing against other anglers while targeting a species of fish known as the black basses. Due to the rapidly growing popularity of high school competitive bass angling in Alabama and the nature of the casting motion similar to that of overhead athletes, we sought to examine the prevalence of sports type injuries in this population. METHODS: In spring 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed across two large scale competitive high school fishing tournaments, allowing for a broad sampling of anglers throughout the state of Alabama...
April 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417701/survey-of-hand-surgeons-and-therapists-perceptions-of-the-benefit-of-common-surgical-procedures-of-the-hand
#10
Olli V Leppänen, Jarkko Jokihaara, Esa Jämsen, Teemu Karjalainen
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this survey were (1) to study if surgeons' perceptions of the benefit of six surgical procedures differ if they consider themselves as patients instead of treating a patient, (2) to evaluate the role of five predetermined factors that may influence decision-making, and (3) to assess how uniformly hand surgeons and hand therapists perceive the benefits of the surgical treatments. METHODS: The members of the national societies for Hand Surgery and Hand Therapy were asked to participate in the survey...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#11
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415868/-epidemiological-data-of-hungarian-skiers-and-snowboarders-medical-problems
#12
Péter Felkai, Ingrid Lengyel, Miklós Szokoly, Gábor Forgó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There are no high mountains or any advantageous circumstances for winter sports in Hungary, yet within the 10 million population there are about half a million people (the exact number is 550,000) who tend to go for skiing or snowboarding abroad. Authors compared the injury statistical data with results described in the international literature in order to develop conclusions about the differences in the injury patterns and frequency between the Hungarian ones' and those found in countries with plenty of winter sport possibilities...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411487/the-relationship-of-corticospinal-excitability-with-pain-motor-performance-and-disability-in-subjects-with-chronic-wrist-hand-pain
#13
René Pelletier, Johanne Higgins, Daniel Bourbonnais
There is a growing body of evidence of changes in corticospinal excitability associated with musculoskeletal disorders, however there is a lack of knowledge of how these changes relate to measures of pain, motor performance and disability. An exploratory study was performed utilizing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to investigate differences in corticospinal excitability in the Abductor Pollicis Brevis (APB) between 15 pain-free subjects and 15 subjects with chronic wrist/hand pain and to determine how corticospinal excitability was associated with measures of pain (visual analog scale, AUSCAN™), hand motor performance (isometric and key pinch strength, Purdue Pegboard Test), disability (AUSCAN™), and spinal motoneuronal excitability...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411349/effect-of-low-appendicular-lean-mass-grip-strength-and-gait-speed-on-the-functional-outcome-after-surgery-for-distal-radius-fractures
#14
Young Hak Roh, Jung Ho Noh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
Patients with low appendicular lean mass plus slow gait speed or weak grip strength are at risk for poor functional recovery after surgery for distal radius fracture, even when they have similar radiologic outcomes. INTRODUCTION: Loss of skeletal muscle mass and consequent loss in muscle function associate with aging, and this condition negatively impacts the activities of daily living and increases elderly individuals' frailty to falls. Thus, patients with low appendicular lean mass would show different functional recovery compared to those without this condition after surgery for distal radius fracture (DRF)...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379922/sensor-fusion-to-infer-locations-of-standing-and-reaching-within-the-home-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Luca Lonini, Timothy Reissman, Jose M Ochoa, Chaithanya K Mummidisetty, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of rehabilitation after spinal cord injury is to enable successful function in everyday life and independence at home. Clinical tests can assess whether patients are able to execute functional movements but are limited in assessing such information at home. A prototype system is developed that detects stand-to-reach activities, a movement with important functional implications, at multiple locations within a mock kitchen. DESIGN: Ten individuals with incomplete spinal cord injuries performed a sequence of standing and reaching tasks...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375915/common-entrapment-neuropathies
#16
Lisa D Hobson-Webb, Vern C Juel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article addresses relevant peripheral neuroanatomy, clinical presentations, and diagnostic findings in common entrapment neuropathies involving the median, ulnar, radial, and fibular (peroneal) nerves. RECENT FINDINGS: Entrapment neuropathies are a common issue in general neurology practice. Early diagnosis and effective management of entrapment mononeuropathies are essential in preserving limb function and maintaining patient quality of life...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373948/arthroscopic-scapholunate-capsuloligamentous-repair-suture-with-dorsal-capsular-reinforcement-for-scapholunate-ligament-lesion
#17
Vicente Carratalá, Francisco J Lucas, Ignacio Miranda, Eduardo Sánchez Alepuz, Christian González Jofré
Scapholunate ligament (SLL) injury is the most frequent injury of the intrinsic carpal ligaments. The dorsal part of the SLL is the most important part for the stability of the scapholunate joint, and tears of this part and at least one of its secondary capsular attachments cause scapholunate dissociation. The arthroscopic technique most frequently used for acute injuries is reduction and fixation with Kirschner wires, and techniques that involve a primary repair of the injured ligament are performed by open surgery with efficient results...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372790/hoverboards-a-new-cause-of-pediatric-morbidity
#18
Brianna L Siracuse, Joseph A Ippolito, Peter D Gibson, Kathleen S Beebe
INTRODUCTION: The hoverboard, a self-balancing powered scooter, was introduced to the market in 2015 and quickly became one of the most popular purchases of the year. As with similar products, this scooter brought a host of concerns surrounding injuries. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of injuries that coincided with the popularity of hoverboard. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was queried from 2011 through 2015 for injuries related to scooters/skateboards, powered (product number, 5042), which includes the hoverboard...
March 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370589/the-investigation-of-association-between-il-1ra-and-ace-i-d-polymorphisms-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#19
Betul Cevik, Akin Tekcan, Ahmet Inanir, Semiha Gulsum Kurt, Serbulent Yigit
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common neurologic impairment caused by injury on the median nerve in the wrist, characterized by pain and loss of sensory. CTS usually occurs through three factors, such as a mechanical pressure on median nerve, immunologic changes, and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphisms on the susceptibility of patients to the CTS...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366020/fluoroquinolone-associated-tendinopathy-of-the-hand-and-wrist-a-systematic-review-and-case-report
#20
Israel Berger, Isak Goodwin, Gregory M Buncke
BACKGROUND: Fluoroquinolone use has been known to be associated with tendinopathy and tendon rupture for over 30 years. Hand and wrist involvement has been reported rarely, yet without early recognition and withdrawal of the fluoroquinolone, there is potential for significant morbidity. METHODS: We searched Medline using a comprehensive search strategy for fluoroquinolones and tendinopathy of the hand and wrist, and provide a case report of a possible levofloxacin-related tendon rupture in a patient with a previous mutilating hand injury...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
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