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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#1
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209508/systematic-review-of-measures-of-impairment-and-activity-limitation-for-person-with-upper-limb-trauma-and-amputation
#2
REVIEW
Linda Resnik, Matt Borgia, Ben Silver, Jill Cancio
OBJECTIVE: Study purposes were to 1) identify outcome measures used in studies of persons with traumatic upper limb injury and/or amputation and 2) evaluate focus, content and psychometric properties of each measure. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms including upper extremity, function, activities of daily living, outcome assessment, amputation and traumatic injuries. STUDY SELECTION: Included articles had a sample of ≥10 adults with limb trauma or amputation, and were in English...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208956/a-comprehensive-study-of-internal-distraction-plating-an-alternative-method-for-distal-radius-fractures
#3
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
INTRODUCTION: The management of highly comminuted distal radius fractures still remains a major treatment challenge. Articular comminution and compromised bone quality are the culprits. One novel approach is the technique of Internal Distraction Plating which involves "bridging" the fracture with the use of a standard 3.5mm plate applied dorsally in distraction from the radius, proximal to the fracture, to the long finger metacarpal distally, bypassing the comminuted segment. The plate is removed once fracture union has been achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208953/open-reduction-and-volar-plate-fixation-of-dorsally-displaced-distal-radius-fractures-a-prospective-study-of-functional-and-radiological-outcomes
#4
Arjun Ballal, Anand Kumar Sadasivan, Anoop Hegde, Ashwin Shetty
INTRODUCTION: The fractures of the distal radius have always posed a unique challenge to the orthopaedic fraternity. The complex ligamentous and bony anatomy offers a wide variety of fractures to be dealt with around this zone. Over the years these injuries have become common especially in the elderly age group as well as the implants and surgical techniques have improved. AIM: To assess the radiological and functional outcome after fixation of intra-articular dorsally displaced distal radius fractures with open reduction and volar Locking Compression Plate fixation (LCP)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207765/a-rapid-efficient-and-economic-device-and-method-for-the-isolation-and-purification-of-mouse-islet-cells
#5
Yin Zongyi, Zou Funian, Li Hao, Cheng Ying, Zhang Jialin, Li Baifeng
Rapid, efficient, and economic method for the isolation and purification of islets has been pursued by numerous islet-related researchers. In this study, we compared the advantages and disadvantages of our developed patented method with those of commonly used conventional methods (Ficoll-400, 1077, and handpicking methods). Cell viability was assayed using Trypan blue, cell purity and yield were assayed using diphenylthiocarbazone, and islet function was assayed using acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-glucose stimulation testing 4 days after cultivation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205486/isolated-dislocation-of-fourth-carpometacarpal-joint-case-report
#6
K P Venkatesh, B Sunil, N V Ankith, Anupama B R
We present a case of dislocation of the fourth carpometacarpal joint without associated fractures. This is the first case to be reported in the literature. Carpal injuries are uncommon; it is even rare for isolated carpometacarpal dislocation to occur without associated fractures. The injury is difficult to diagnose because of the swelling of the hand and may be missed on several occasions. A lateral radiograph of the wrist has been found to be mandatory to its precise diagnosis if suspected. Early recognition and anatomical reduction are essential in achieving good long-term outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205474/utility-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-surgical-management-of-drug-extravasation-a-case-report
#7
Yet Yen Yan, Tein Jin Tan
We report a case of phenytoin extravasation complicated by eschar formation. Pre-operative MRI study showed a large non-enhancing area over the dorsum of the imaged right wrist and hand corresponding with the site of phenytoin extravasation and raising the suspicion of subcutaneous tissue necrosis. The MRI findings correlated well with the intra-operative findings. We believe that pre-operative MRI in drug extravasation cases can characterise the type of soft tissue injury and define the extent of injury. This helps the surgeon in the surgical approach and treatment options...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185125/ulnar-sided-wrist-pain-in-the-athlete-tfcc-druj-ecu
#8
REVIEW
Eric Quan Pang, Jeffrey Yao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this manuscript is to review key historic and recent literature regarding extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU), triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) and distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) injuries, particularly in athletes. RECENT FINDINGS: Many recent studies examining the ECU focus on clinical and radiographic diagnosis. Several physical exam findings are described in addition to the use of MRI and US. Imaging studies must be clinically correlated due to high incidence of findings in asymptomatic patients...
February 9, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184356/how-trustworthy-are-clinical-examinations-and-plain-radiographs-for-diagnosis-of-scaphoid-fractures
#9
Mohammad Reza Ghane, Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Mohammad Kazem Emami-Meibodi, Vahid Dehghani
BACKGROUND: Sometimes patients with a scaphoid fracture, especially in an acute phase of injury, can have normal radiographs and, therefore, initial diagnosis of the scaphoid fracture may be neglected. In this study, we determined the value in of clinical examination and a radiograph in the diagnosis of scaphoid fracture based on the results of a two-week follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVES: In this study, sought to assess the value of using both a clinical examination (tenderness of scaphoid tubercle, tenderness of anatomical snuffbox, and compression test) and radiographic imaging in the diagnosis of scaphoid fractures based on the results after a two-week follow-up MRI...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183230/arthroscopic-assisted-tendon-reconstruction-for-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-irreparable-tears
#10
R Luchetti, A Atzei
We report our 11-year experience of performing arthroscopically assisted triangular fibrocartilage complex reconstruction in the treatment of chronic distal radio-ulnar joint instability resulting from irreparable triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries. Eleven patients were treated. Three skin incisions were made in order to create radial and ulna tunnels for passage of the tendon graft, which is used to reconstruct the dorsal and palmar radio-ulnar ligaments, under fluoroscopic and arthroscopic guidance...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174223/fall-related-attendance-and-associated-hospitalisation-of-children-and-adolescents-in-hong-kong-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#11
James Chun-Yin Lee, Keith Tsz-Suen Tung, Tim M H Li, Frederick Ka-Wing Ho, Patrick Ip, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Chun-Bong Chow
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to examine the trends and characteristics of fall-related attendance in accident and emergency department (AED) by injury type and the trend in associated average length of stay (LOS) among children and adolescents in Hong Kong. DESIGN: A retrospective approach was adopted. SETTING: AED, involving all local public emergency departments from 2001 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 63 557 subjects aged 0-19 years with fall injury record were included in the analysis...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166882/effect-of-hammer-mass-on-upper-extremity-joint-moments
#12
Nilanthy Balendra, Joseph E Langenderfer
This study used an OpenSim inverse-dynamics musculoskeletal model scaled to subject-specific anthropometrics to calculate three-dimensional intersegmental moments at the shoulder, elbow and wrist while 10 subjects used 1 and 2 lb hammers to drive nails. Motion data were collected via an optoelectronic system and the interaction of the hammer with nails was recorded with a force plate. The larger hammer caused substantial increases (50-150%) in moments, although increases differed by joint, anatomical component, and significance of the effect...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166695/results-of-115-rubis-ii-reverse-thumb-carpometacarpal-joint-prostheses-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-10-years
#13
M Dehl, M Chelli, S Lippmann, S Benaissa, V Rotari, M Moughabghab
: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological results of the Rubis II thumb carpometacarpal joint reverse prosthesis, at a mean follow-up of 10 years. Between 1997 and 2008, 253 prostheses were implanted in 199 patients; 115 were reviewed. The survival after a mean of 10 years was 89%. At the last follow-up, 70% of prostheses were painless; the others reported moderate or intermittent pain. The satisfaction rate was 98%. The mean opposition was 9 on the Kapandji scale; the mean QuickDASH score was 30...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164054/a-very-rare-presentation-of-type-1-monteggia-equivalent-fracture-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-forearm-approach-with-outcome-case-report
#14
Dhananjay Singh, Bhanu Awasthi, Vikas Padha, Sanjay Thakur
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Type 1 Monteggia equivalent injury with intact radio-capitellar congruity, associated with epiphyseal fracture of distal radius and distal ulna shaft in an 11-year-old boy. There are only a few cases of Monteggia or Monteggia equivalent injury with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children, and injury pattern being reported by us is not only rare but also the only case reported thus far to the best of our knowledge, Sood et al. described Type 1 equivalent with epiphyseal injuries of both radius and ulna Osada et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155059/outcomes-and-financial-implications-of-intra-articular-distal-radius-fractures-a-comparative-study-of-open-reduction-internal-fixation-orif-with-volar-locking-plates-versus-nonoperative-management
#15
Dong Hao Toon, Rex Antony Xavier Premchand, Jane Sim, Rajaratnam Vaikunthan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the functional and radiographic outcomes, as well as the treatment costs, of closed displaced intra-articular distal radius fractures treated with either open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) with volar locking plates or nonoperative treatment with plaster cast immobilisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients (32 receiving ORIF, 28 receiving nonoperative treatment) with closed intra-articular distal radius fractures were included...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154150/structural-and-functional-cortical-connectivity-mediating-cross-education-of-motor-function
#16
Kathy L Ruddy, Alexander Leemans, Daniel G Woolley, Nicole Wenderoth, Richard G Carson
: Cross Education is the process whereby training with one limb leads to subsequent improvement in performance by the opposite untrained limb. We used multimodal neuroimaging in humans to investigate the mediating neural mechanisms by relating quantitative estimates of functional and structural cortical connectivity to individual levels of interlimb transfer. Resting-state (rs)-fMRI and Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) scans were undertaken prior to unilateral ballistic wrist flexion training...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149207/intraneural-median-nerve-anatomy-and-implications-for-treating-mixed-median-nerve-injury-in-the-hand
#17
Michael J Franco, Dennis C Nguyen, Benjamin Z Phillips, Susan E Mackinnon
Background: Nerve transfers have resulted in increased interest in the microanatomy of peripheral nerves. Herein, we expand our understanding of the internal anatomy of the digital nerve to the ulnar index and long fingers, the radial long and ring fingers, and the nerves to the second and third web spaces. Methods: The median nerve was dissected from the digital nerves to the antecubital fossa in 14 fresh upper extremities. The distance of proximal internal neurolysis of the fascicles to the second and third web space and proper digital nerves was measured relative to the radial styloid...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139307/the-efficiency-of-bedside-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-wrist-injury-and-comparison-with-other-radiological-imaging-methods-a-prospective-study
#18
Ahmet Burak Oguz, Onur Polat, Muge Gunalp Eneyli, Behnan Gulunay, Merve Eksioglu, Serdar Gurler
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the efficiency of ultrasound (US) scanning in patients with wrist trauma admitted to the emergency department and to compare US diagnostic usage with other radiological imaging methods. METHODS: Patients who presented to the emergency department with wrist injury and who met the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria were eligible. For all patients, US evaluation of the whole wrist was performed by an emergency physician before other radiological imaging methods (radiographies, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging)...
January 26, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137439/early-active-motion-protocol-following-open-reduction-internal-fixation-of-the-scaphoid-a-pilot-study
#19
J-C Dunn, N Kusnezov, A Fares, Z Buccino, D Esquivel, J Mitchell
Scaphoid fractures are common injuries which traditionally have been treated with long periods of immobilization even after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). The purpose of this pilot investigation was two-fold: 1) describe a precise postoperative Early Active Motion (EAM) rehabilitation protocol following ORIF of scaphoid fractures and 2) record the outcomes of the EAM protocol. Eight consecutive patients having undergone ORIF of the scaphoid were enrolled in the EAM and followed for a minimum of 1 year...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129913/assessing-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-otolaryngology-residents
#20
Kevin Wong, Kenneth M Grundfast, Jessica R Levi
PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that musculoskeletal symptoms are common among practicing otolaryngologists. Early training can be the ideal time to foster knowledge of ergonomics and develop safe work habits, however, little data exists regarding musculoskeletal symptoms in residents. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize musculoskeletal symptoms in a preliminary sample of otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey incorporating the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was sent to 30 Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residencies to examine musculoskeletal symptoms among residents...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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