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hydatidosis treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139018/vaccination-against-hydatidosis-molecular-cloning-and-optimal-expression-of-the-eg95nc-recombinant-antigen-in-escherichia-coli
#1
M Jazouli, M Lightowlers, C G Gauci, K Tadlaoui, A Belmlih, M M Ennaji, M Elharrak
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widely distributed zoonosis that is highly endemic in the Mediterranean basin. The disease represents a serious public health threat and causes economic losses. The parasite life-cycle involves dogs and ruminants as definitive and intermediate hosts; humans are accidently infected, causing serious clinical issues. Vaccination of ruminants and dog treatments represent the most efficient measures to prevent parasite transmission. The recombinant protein vaccine, EG95, has been used successfully in sheep vaccine trials against CE in several countries...
November 14, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130011/successful-pelvic-resection-for-acetabular-hydatidosis
#2
Canoville Daniel, Hannebicque Matthieu, Rochcongar Goulven, Michon Jocelyn, Dumaine Valérie, Hulet Christophe
Background: Hydatidosis of the bone is a rare occurrence (0.9 to 2.5% of all localization of the disease). In those occurrences, the pelvic bone is the second most frequent localization. Curative treatment of pelvic bone hydatidosis is difficult and a consensus is yet to be found. Clinical Case: We report a case of hydatidosis of the ischium, extended to the homolateral hip. The patient was treated through hip resection using patient-specific cutting guides, followed by total hip reconstruction...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114140/analysis-of-hospital-records-of-children-with-hydatid-cyst-in-south-of-iran
#3
Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Mohammad Rahim Kadivar, Abdolvahab Alborzi, Esmaeel Sadeghi, Gholam Reza Pouladfar, Neda Bagherian, Naser Honar, Masoomeh Khalifeh
The clinical manifestations of hydatidosis are various and related to anatomic location. Defining frequent symptoms and signs of the disease is imperative for early management of it. The aim of this report was to analyse the clinical features of infected children with hydatid cysts located in different organs. In this study, medical charts of 57 children between 3 and 16 years of age with hydatid cyst admitted to Pediatric Wards of Nemazee Hospital were evaluated over a 12 year period (from 2003 to 2014, prospectively)...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109850/liver-cystic-echinococcosis-and-human-host-immune-and-autoimmune-follow-up-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Nikica M Grubor, Katica D Jovanova-Nesic, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an infectious disease caused by the larvae of parasite Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus). To successfully establish an infection, parasite release some substances and molecules that can modulate host immune functions, stimulating a strong anti-inflammatory reaction to carry favor to host and to reserve self-survival in the host. The literature was reviewed using MEDLINE, and an open access search for immunology of hydatidosis was performed. Accumulating data from animal experiments and human studies provided us with exciting insights into the mechanisms involved that affect all parts of immunity...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971108/hydatid-cyst-of-the-interventricular-septum
#5
Endale Tefera, Joseph Knapp, Michael Teodori
While cardiac involvement is not a common presentation in human echinococcosis, it may lead to life-threatening complications including cyst rupture; anaphylactic shock; tamponade; pulmonary, cerebral or peripheral arterial embolism; acute coronary syndrome; dysrhythmias; infection; ventricular or valvular dysfunction, as well as sudden death. Here we report a 9-year old girl who was diagnosed to have hydatid cyst of the interventricular septum four years after diagnosis and medical treatment of pulmonary hydatidosis...
March 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958014/intracardiac-and-pulmonary-artery-hydatidosis-causing-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#6
Gökçen Orhan, Murat Bastopcu, Bülent Aydemir, Mehmet Sait Ersoz
Hydatidosis is a serious parasitic infection in endemic areas. A rare presentation is pulmonary arterial cysts causing thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. We report the case of a young man who presented with clinical and radiological findings of thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The patient was found to have hydatid cysts in both pulmonary arteries and in the right ventricular outflow tract. To remove all cysts without causing rupture, anaphylactic shock or systemic emboli, placing the patient under cardiopulmonary arrest was necessary, and in the case of pulmonary arterial involvement, total circulatory arrest was necessary...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900448/scolicidal-agents-for-protoscolices-of-echinococcus-granulosus-hydatid-cyst-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Raheleh Rafiei Sefiddashti, Behnam Sanei, Morteza Yousefi, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of dog tape worm Echinococcus granulosus. Protoscolices are parasite larvae that develop into adult worms in the final host intestine. During surgical treatment of human hydatidsosis spillage of live protoscolices is the major cause of hydatidosis recurrence. To prevent this problem scolicidal agent such as hypertonic salt are used to kill the protoscolices that may disseminate into the patient's tissues during surgery. However, they may have some unacceptable side effects. To find scolicidal agents with high efficacy, the effect of different compounds on protoscolices of hydatid cyst in vitro has been reviewed...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725269/musculoskeletal-echinococcus-infection-as-a-rare-first-presentation-of-hydatid-disease-case-report
#8
A Marzouki, A Naam, S Abdulrazak, B Soumaré, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We deem interesting to report a case of a primary hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old patient who presented with a painful swelling of the right elbow...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694639/primary-paraspinal-hydatidosis-causing-acute-paraplegia
#9
Srihari Sridharan, G S Jagan Narayana, Kalyanasundarabharathi Chidambaram, Anand Prasath Jayachandiran
The zoonotic infection hydatidosis is caused by the tapeworm cestode, Echinococcus granulosus. Though considered endemic in India where association of humans with sheep and dogs form part of the livelihood, primary skeletal muscle involvement of the disease is an extremely rare event. We report a case of primary paraspinal hydatidosis with extradural extension causing acute paraplegia. Excision of the cyst and decompression of the cord was done along with albendazole therapy. Paraspinal hydatid disease is a rare entity, and in regions where hydatid disease is endemic, it can be involved in the differential diagnosis of acute compressive myelopathy...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690729/-unusual-location-of-multiple-hydatidosis-pancreatic-and-pelvic-about-a-case
#10
Lamyae Amro, Saloua El Fadili, Hind Serhane, Hafsa Sajiai, Salma Ait Batahar
Hydatid cyst is an infectious disease which is quite frequent in Morocco. Pelvic and pancreatic locations of this parasitic infection are rare, namely exceptional. We report the case of a 66-year old patient who was operated for liver hydatic cyst 6 years before, presenting for chest pain associated with hydatidoptysis. Chest X-ray objectified left hydropneumothorax. Thoraco-abdominopelvic CT showed mediastinal liquid mass as well as multiple hepatic, pancreatic (isthmus), pelvic and left under diaphragmatic cystic lesions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538856/-an-adolescent-with-lumbosacral-instability-due-to-the-presence-of-a-hydatid-cyst-a-case-report
#11
Miguel Vizcarra, Mijaíl Mujica, Vladimir Sánchez, Paul Méndez
Hydatidosis, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, affects the spinal column in 0.5-2% of all cases, with the sacral column being a rare location typically observed only in adults. The case is reported of a 14-year-old boy from Juliaca (Puno, Peru) who presented with chronic lower back pain and cauda equina syndrome. He was initially attended to in Juliaca, and then transferred to the Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins (Lima, Peru) with a diagnosis of sacral tumor. In magnetic resonance imaging, a multicystic tumor was seen with L5 and S1 lysis and instability...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530073/-red-herring-complaints-in-an-eighteen-years-old-female-with-a-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung
#12
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372450/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-treated-with-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#13
Raúl Honrubia López, Ana Barbado Cano, Gloria Ruiz Fernández, Katherine Yelenia Bustamante Robles
A 60-year-old male was operated upon in 2002 for liver hydatidosis, which included partial right hepatectomy with cholecystectomy and bilioduodenal anastomosis. He then developed liver cirrhosis secondary to left hepatic duct stricture. He presents at the emergency room with dry cough, which he had for a month and then became associated with yellowish, bitter-tasting "fluid" expectoration. A chest-abdominal CT scan revealed a 6 x 5-cm collection roughly located somewhere between the middle pulmonary lobe and subphrenic area ...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217612/isolated-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-misinterpreted-as-metastatic-pulmonary-lesion-in-an-operated-case-of-carcinoma-breast-in-young-female
#14
Ravish Kshatriya, Dhaval Prajapati, Nimit Khara, Rajiv Paliwal, Satish Patel
Hydatidosis is caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Humans may be infected incidentally as intermediate host by the accidental consumption of soil, water, or food contaminated by fecal matter of an infected animal. Hydatidosis is one of the most symptomatic parasitic infections in various livestock - raising countries. Lung is the second most commonly affected organ following the liver. The symptoms depend on the size and site of the lesion. It can present as an asymptomatic pulmonary lesion to hemoptysis, chest pain, coughing anaphylaxis, and shock...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212790/the-echinococcoses-diagnosis-clinical-management-and-burden-of-disease
#15
P Kern, A Menezes da Silva, O Akhan, B Müllhaupt, K A Vizcaychipi, C Budke, D A Vuitton
The echinococcoses are chronic, parasitic diseases that are acquired after ingestion of infective taeniid tapeworm eggs from certain species of the genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) occurs worldwide, whereas, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is restricted to the northern hemisphere, and neotropical echinococcosis (NE) has only been identified in Central and South America. Clinical manifestations and disease courses vary profoundly for the different species of Echinococcus. CE presents as small to large cysts, and has commonly been referred to as 'hydatid disease', or 'hydatidosis'...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163523/primary-sacral-hydatid-cyst-mimicking-a-neurogenic-tumor-in-chronic-low-back-pain-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Manuel Segura-Trepichio, Jose Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, David Candela-Zaplana, Josefa Herrero-Santacruz, Fernando Pla-Mingorance
Hydatid disease is caused by infection of Echinococcus granulosus. Bone hydatid cyst presentation without hepatic affectation is infrequent and occurs in 0,5-2% of cases. This rare condition makes clinicians not always aware of the disease, and as a result, misdiagnosis of spinal echinococcosis is common. We present a case of a 48-year-old female patient with primary sacral hydatidosis. Chronic low back pain radiating to the left buttock was the only symptom. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested a neurogenic tumor versus giant cell tumor...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825652/-disseminated-peritoneal-hydatidosis-manifested-as-intestinal-ischaemia
#17
Enrique Rosales-Castañeda, José Luis Martínez-Ordaz, Alicia Estrada-Castellanos, Luz María Goméz-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The hydatid disease, or echinococcosis, is endemic in Mediterranean countries, as well as in Australia, Asia, Africa, South America, and Canada. Among its complications is intraperitoneal rupture, a rare form of presentation, with highly variable symptoms. The treatment of choice is surgery plus adjuvant medical treatment in most patients. OBJECTIVE: A case is presented of a patient with disseminated peritoneal hydatidosis manifested as intestinal ischaemia...
November 5, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757209/splenic-cysts-analysis-of-16-cases
#18
Hamed Golmohammadzadeh, Ghodratollah Maddah, Yavar Shams Hojjati, Abbas Abdollahi, Hossein Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are known as rare clinical encounter. Classifying into primary (true) and secondary cysts (pseudocysts), true cysts contain cellular epithelial lining and subdivided into parasitic and non-parasitic cysts. This study aimed to determine the outcome of treatment in patients with splenic cyst. METHODS: All patients with splenic cyst who had been treated in Department of General Surgery of Ghaem and Omid teaching hospitals over a 24-year period were identified...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609088/-extrahepatic-and-extrapulmonary-hydatidosis
#19
Farah Adel, José Manuel Ramia, Luis Gijón, Roberto de la Plaza-Llamas, Vladimir Arteaga-Peralta, Carmen Ramiro-Perez
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by larvae of the parasite Echinococcus that is endemic in many countries of the Mediterranean area. It can affect any organ, with the most common sites being liver (70%) and lung (20%). Splenic hydatid disease, despite being rare, is the third most common location. Other locations such as bone, skin, or kidney are exceptional. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience in extrahepatic and extrapulmonary hydatidosis...
September 5, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516978/in-vitro-protoscolicidal-effects-of-various-concentrations-of-ziziphora-tenuior-l-extract-at-different-exposure-times
#20
Mojtaba Shahnazi, Abbas Azadmehr, Robabeh Latifi, Reza Hajiaghaee, Mehrzad Saraei, Mahmood Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Hydatidosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases and surgery is still the main treatment for this problem. One of the side effects of hydatid cyst surgery is recurrence, thus, searching and assessment of some new agents such as medicinal plant extracts are very important. In the present study, the scolicidal effect of ethanolic extract of Ziziphora tenuior (Z. tenuior) was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protoscolices were aseptically collected from sheep livers containing hydatid cyst and used in the experiments...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
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