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hydatidosis treatment

Miguel Vizcarra, Mijaíl Mujica, Vladimir Sánchez, Paul Méndez
Hydatidosis, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, affects the spinal column in 0.5-2% of all cases, with the sacral column being a rare location typically observed only in adults. The case is reported of a 14-year-old boy from Juliaca (Puno, Peru) who presented with chronic lower back pain and cauda equina syndrome. He was initially attended to in Juliaca, and then transferred to the Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins (Lima, Peru) with a diagnosis of sacral tumor. In magnetic resonance imaging, a multicystic tumor was seen with L5 and S1 lysis and instability...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
Raúl Honrubia López, Ana Barbado Cano, Gloria Ruiz Fernández, Katherine Yelenia Bustamante Robles
A 60-year-old male was operated upon in 2002 for liver hydatidosis, which included partial right hepatectomy with cholecystectomy and bilioduodenal anastomosis. He then developed liver cirrhosis secondary to left hepatic duct stricture. He presents at the emergency room with dry cough, which he had for a month and then became associated with yellowish, bitter-tasting "fluid" expectoration. A chest-abdominal CT scan revealed a 6 x 5-cm collection roughly located somewhere between the middle pulmonary lobe and subphrenic area ...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Ravish Kshatriya, Dhaval Prajapati, Nimit Khara, Rajiv Paliwal, Satish Patel
Hydatidosis is caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Humans may be infected incidentally as intermediate host by the accidental consumption of soil, water, or food contaminated by fecal matter of an infected animal. Hydatidosis is one of the most symptomatic parasitic infections in various livestock - raising countries. Lung is the second most commonly affected organ following the liver. The symptoms depend on the size and site of the lesion. It can present as an asymptomatic pulmonary lesion to hemoptysis, chest pain, coughing anaphylaxis, and shock...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
P Kern, A Menezes da Silva, O Akhan, B Müllhaupt, K A Vizcaychipi, C Budke, D A Vuitton
The echinococcoses are chronic, parasitic diseases that are acquired after ingestion of infective taeniid tapeworm eggs from certain species of the genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) occurs worldwide, whereas, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is restricted to the northern hemisphere, and neotropical echinococcosis (NE) has only been identified in Central and South America. Clinical manifestations and disease courses vary profoundly for the different species of Echinococcus. CE presents as small to large cysts, and has commonly been referred to as 'hydatid disease', or 'hydatidosis'...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
Manuel Segura-Trepichio, Jose Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, David Candela-Zaplana, Josefa Herrero-Santacruz, Fernando Pla-Mingorance
Hydatid disease is caused by infection of Echinococcus granulosus. Bone hydatid cyst presentation without hepatic affectation is infrequent and occurs in 0,5-2% of cases. This rare condition makes clinicians not always aware of the disease, and as a result, misdiagnosis of spinal echinococcosis is common. We present a case of a 48-year-old female patient with primary sacral hydatidosis. Chronic low back pain radiating to the left buttock was the only symptom. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested a neurogenic tumor versus giant cell tumor...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Enrique Rosales-Castañeda, José Luis Martínez-Ordaz, Alicia Estrada-Castellanos, Luz María Goméz-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The hydatid disease, or echinococcosis, is endemic in Mediterranean countries, as well as in Australia, Asia, Africa, South America, and Canada. Among its complications is intraperitoneal rupture, a rare form of presentation, with highly variable symptoms. The treatment of choice is surgery plus adjuvant medical treatment in most patients. OBJECTIVE: A case is presented of a patient with disseminated peritoneal hydatidosis manifested as intestinal ischaemia...
November 5, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Hamed Golmohammadzadeh, Ghodratollah Maddah, Yavar Shams Hojjati, Abbas Abdollahi, Hossein Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are known as rare clinical encounter. Classifying into primary (true) and secondary cysts (pseudocysts), true cysts contain cellular epithelial lining and subdivided into parasitic and non-parasitic cysts. This study aimed to determine the outcome of treatment in patients with splenic cyst. METHODS: All patients with splenic cyst who had been treated in Department of General Surgery of Ghaem and Omid teaching hospitals over a 24-year period were identified...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Farah Adel, José Manuel Ramia, Luis Gijón, Roberto de la Plaza-Llamas, Vladimir Arteaga-Peralta, Carmen Ramiro-Perez
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by larvae of the parasite Echinococcus that is endemic in many countries of the Mediterranean area. It can affect any organ, with the most common sites being liver (70%) and lung (20%). Splenic hydatid disease, despite being rare, is the third most common location. Other locations such as bone, skin, or kidney are exceptional. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience in extrahepatic and extrapulmonary hydatidosis...
September 5, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Mojtaba Shahnazi, Abbas Azadmehr, Robabeh Latifi, Reza Hajiaghaee, Mehrzad Saraei, Mahmood Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Hydatidosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases and surgery is still the main treatment for this problem. One of the side effects of hydatid cyst surgery is recurrence, thus, searching and assessment of some new agents such as medicinal plant extracts are very important. In the present study, the scolicidal effect of ethanolic extract of Ziziphora tenuior (Z. tenuior) was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protoscolices were aseptically collected from sheep livers containing hydatid cyst and used in the experiments...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
S Rabiou, J Ghalimi, I Issoufou, M Lakranbi, Y Ouadnouni, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: Bone hydatidosis of the chest wall is rarely reported in the literature. Costal and sternal location are uncommon. Through 3 observations and literature review, we report particular pathophysiological and diagnostic aspects of costal and sternal hydatidosis. We also discuss therapeutic and prognostic aspects of this disease. OUR CASES: we report the cases of 45, 41 and 17 years old male patients, 2 of them had previous surgery for thoracic wall mass in general surgery service...
August 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
A Gennari, F Almairac, S Litrico, C Albert, P Marty, P Paquis
INTRODUCTION: Bone echinococcosis or bone hydatidosis is mainly caused by the larva of a dog taenia, Echinococcus granulosus. We described a rare imported case in metropolitan France of spinal cord compression from a primary vertebral hydatidosis. CASE: A 25-year-old woman, native of a rural area in the South of Romania, was admitted for backache and slight weakness of both legs. Radiological findings showed a paravertebral pluricystic lesion invading the spinal canal with spinal cord compression at the T9 level, without associated visceral localization...
August 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
Fen Wang, Bin Ye
Cystic echinococcosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Because the methods of diagnosis and treatment for cystic echinococcosis were limited, it is still necessary to screen target proteins for the development of new anti-hydatidosis vaccine. In this study, the triosephosphate isomerase gene of E. granulosus was in silico cloned. The B cell and T cell epitopes were predicted by bioinformatics methods. The cDNA sequence of EgTIM was composition of 1094 base pairs, with an open reading frame of 753 base pairs...
October 2016: Parasitology Research
Abebe Bekele, Addisu Firew
Hydatid cyst of the breast is extremely rare even in endemic areas and it only accounts for 0.27% of all hydatid cyst disease cases. It can either be a primary site or part of a disseminated hydatidosis. Surgery remains to be a treatment of choice. Only few reports are published in the literatures and most of the reported cases have been diagnosed postoperatively as it is not easy to reach at a definitive diagnosis with clinical examination and radiological investigations only. This is a case of an isolated hydatid cyst of breast in an 18-year old woman from the Amhara region, Ethiopia...
January 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Fen Wang, Bin Ye
Cyst echinococcosis caused by the matacestodal larvae of Echinococcus granulosus (Eg), is a chronic, worldwide, and severe zoonotic parasitosis. The treatment of cyst echinococcosis is still difficult since surgery cannot fit the needs of all patients, and drugs can lead to serious adverse events as well as resistance. The screen of target proteins interacted with new anti-hydatidosis drugs is urgently needed to meet the prevailing challenges. Here, we analyzed the sequences and structure properties, and constructed a phylogenetic tree by bioinformatics methods...
September 2016: Parasitology Research
Sancar Serbest, Ugur Tiftikci, Abuzer Uludag
Because hydatidosis of the bone (echinococcus infection) is a rare parasitic infection, its diagnosis and treatment poses great difficulties. Radiologic imaging findings are generally helpful to make the diagnosis. But occurrence of disease in atypical places and lack of specific radiological findings may complicate differential diagnosis. Nevertheless, familiarity with imaging findings in patients living at endemic areas provides advantages for diagnosis and treatment.We present a cyst hydatic case in scaphoid bone which has been reported in the literature only once previously...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ciprian Duta, Stelian Pantea, Caius Lazar, Abdullah Salim, Daniela Barjica
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Open surgery has been the mainstay treatment for liver hydatidosis in the past. Today, for treatment of simple and uncomplicated cysts, we have a variety of choices: antihelmintic therapy, the PAIR (puncture, aspiration, injection, and respiration) technique, and the laparoscopic approach. We reviewed our series of 267 cases of hepatic hydatidosis submitted to surgery over a period of 20 years, from 1995 through 2014, comparing the results of these minimally invasive treatments...
January 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Amine Benkabbou, Amine Souadka, Badr Serji, Hajar Hachim, Raouf Mohsine, Lahsen Ifrine, Abdelkader Belkouchi, Hadj Omar El Malki
AIM OF THE STUDY: Our aim was to propose and examine the outcomes of a comprehensive strategy for the management of cystic liver hydatidosis (CLH) based on extensive intraoperative assessments and optimal management of cystobiliary communications. BACKGROUND DATA: Although operative intervention remains the preferred treatment for CLH, and the presence of a cystobiliary communication remains a well-established predictive factor for postoperative complications, no internationally accepted management strategy integrates the specific management of cystobiliary communication into the choice of surgical approach...
April 2016: Surgery
Salma Charfeddine, Souad Mallek, Majdi Gueldiche, Faten Triki, Hela Ben Jmâa, Imed Frikha, Samir Kammoun
Hydatid disease remains endemic in some parts of the world. Cardiac hydatidosis with multivisceral involvement is uncommon but potentially fatal. We report the case of a 36-year-old Tunisian woman admitted with chest pain and T-wave inversion in the inferior leads on her electrocardiogram. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large hydatid cyst in the epicardium throughout the left ventricle. Thoraco-abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan showed several hydatid cysts in the left lung, the liver, and in both breasts...
October 2015: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Mohammad Zibaei, Reza Rostamipour, Hassan Nayebzadeh
BACKGROUND: Treatment of human hydatidosis is mainly surgical, with chemical treatment being reserved as a coadjuvant treatment. Use of effective protoscolicidal agents during surgery of hydatid disease is essential to reduce the recurrence rate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the scolicidal effects of Pistacia atlantica leaf and fruit hydroalcoholic extracts on protoscolices of hydatid cyst. METHOD: Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices were obtained from 50 sheep infected with hydatid cysts...
2016: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
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