keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Leukocytosis and infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446580/is-there-any-difference-between-the-symptomatology-and-clinical-findings-of-viral-agents-causing-dehydration
#1
Suat Biçer, Defne Çöl, Öznur Küçük, Gülay Ç Erdağ, Tuba Giray, Meltem Uğraş, Ayça Vitrinel, Çiğdem Kaspar
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is responsible for dehydration in many children. The viruses like rotavirus, norovirus, and adenovirus are considered the main causative agents of gastroenteritis. The goal of this study is the evaluation of the symptoms, clinical findings and hospitalization requirements in pediatric patients with dehydration secondary to viral gastroenteritis. METHODS: The distribution of age, symptoms, clinical and laboratory findings and hospitalization requirements of 156 viral acute gastroenteritis patients with moderate dehydration were evaluated retrospectively...
April 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443761/haemolytic-uremic-syndrome-due-to-infection-with-adenovirus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Victoria Birlutiu, Rares Mircea Birlutiu
RATIONALE: Haemolytic-uremic syndrome is a rare but serious complication of bacterial and viral infections, which is characterized by the triad of: acute renal failure, microangiopathic haemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, sometimes severe, requiring peritoneal dialysis. In Europe, hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in paediatric pathology is primarily caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, followed by O26. Beside these etiologies, there are other bacterial and viral infections, and also noninfectious ones that have been associated to lead to HUS as well: in the progression of neoplasia, medication-related, post-transplantation, during pregnancy or associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus or family causes with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441284/infected-renal-hematoma-in-a-healthy-adolescent-with-no-renal-structural-anomaly
#3
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380508/pneumonia-risks-in-bedridden-patients-receiving-oral-care-and-their-screening-tool-malnutrition-and-urinary-tract-infection-induced-inflammation
#4
Kaoru Matsusaka, Genichiro Kawakami, Hatsumi Kamekawa, Haruki Momma, Ryoichi Nagatomi, Jun Itoh, Mutsuo Yamaya
AIM: Pneumonia develops in bedridden patients even when they are receiving oral care. However, the pneumonia risk in bedridden patients remains unclear, and no screening tool has been developed to assess this risk by using daily hospital data. METHODS: We retrospectively examined pneumonia risk factors by analyzing the records of 102 bedridden patients receiving oral care. RESULTS: Body mass index, peripheral blood hemoglobin, and serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, total cholesterol and uric acid in the pneumonia group (n = 51; mean age 73...
January 30, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374783/experimental-infection-in-cavia-porcellus-by-infected-amblyomma-ovale-nymphs-with-rickettsia-sp-atlantic-rainforest-strain
#5
Joice Magali Brustolin, Felipe da Silva Krawczak, Marta Elena Machado Alves, Maria Amélia Weiller, Camila Lopes de Souza, Fábio Brum Rosa, Gustavo Cauduro Cadore, Sônia Terezinha Dos Anjos Lopes, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Fernanda Silveira Flores Vogel, Sônia de Avila Botton, Luís Antônio Sangioni
This study describes experimental infection of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) infested with naturally infected Amblyomma ovale nymphs with Rickettsia sp. (Atlantic rainforest strain), and the capacity of A. ovale nymphs to transmit this bacterium. Twenty-six guinea pigs were divided into the following groups: G1, 10 animals infested with uninfected A. ovale nymphs; G2, 10 animals infested with nymphs infected with Rickettsia sp. (Atlantic rainforest strain); and G3, 6 animals without tick infestation. Blood samples were taken 7, 14, 21, and 28 days post-infestation for serological and hematological tests...
January 27, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371732/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-an-uncommon-immunodeficiency
#6
Sehar Nigar, Ejaz Ahmed Khan, Tahir Aziz Ahmad
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance which is characterized by presence of a defect of phagocytic function resulting from a lack of leukocyte cell surface expression of b2 integrin molecules (CD11 and CD18) that are essential for chemotaxis. The classic symptoms of the disease are failure of separation of the umbilical cord and recurrent bacterial infections, which continue throughout life. We describe here two cases of infants who presented with characteristic history of recurrent infections, delayed separation of umbilical cord and marked leukocytosis...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344094/robotic-prostatectomy-leading-to-a-delayed-mrsa-infected-lymphocele-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Monica Kaminski, Rose Recco, Steven Siegel
Prostate cancer is the second leading cancer-related cause of death in the USA with the majority presenting as localized disease. In the last decade minimally invasive, robotic-assisted laparascopic, radical prostatectomy has become the most favored treatment choice. A complication that has been observed in 27% of patients is the formation of an asymptomatic lymphocele. It is a very rare complication for these to become infected, and when they do 80% have occurred 2-12 months post-procedure. In this case report the patient presented with fever and leukocytosis of unknown origin and was found to have a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infected lymphocele over 2 years after a radical prostatectomy...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321404/a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-six-autopsy-cases-of-sudden-unexpected-death-due-to-infectious-aortitis-in-patients-with-aortic-tears
#8
Marin Ishikawa Kato, Mishie Ann Tanino, Masaya Miyazaki, Taichi Kimura, Yusuke Ishida, Lei Wang, Masumi Tsuda, Hiroshi Nishihara, Kazuo Nagashima, Shinya Tanaka
Objectives Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of sudden unexpected death even in hospitalized patients. Infectious aortitis is a rare disease that has the potential to cause aortic tears and hemorrhage followed by sudden death. The aim of this study was to reveal the clinicopathological features of infectious aortitis that are related to sudden unexpected death. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 1,310 autopsy cases over 15 years and selected the cases involving patients who died suddenly due to aortic tears...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310372/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-povidone-iodine-ingestion-a-case-report
#9
Chang Seong Kim, Sung Sun Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
RATIONALE: Povidone-iodine is a broad-spectrum antiseptic applied topically to treat wounds and prevent their infection. There have been several case reports of acute kidney injury (AKI) in burn patients after povidone-iodine irrigation and in patients receiving the substance as a sclerotherapy agent for management of lymphocele after renal transplantation. However, biopsy-confirmed AKI after ingestion of povidone-iodine has not previously been described. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old man who had apparently ingested povidone-iodine solution and presented with nausea, vomiting, and reduced urine output...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310361/severe-pertussis-infection-a-clinicopathological-study
#10
Fernando Palvo, Alexandre Todorovic Fabro, Maria Célia Cervi, Davi Casale Aragon, Fernando Silva Ramalho, Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri Carlotti
We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of pertussis in children admitted to a tertiary-care university hospital in Brazil.This was a retrospective cohort study of all pediatric hospital admissions with pertussis from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014. We also reported the autopsy findings in children who died.Fifty-five patients admitted to the hospital over the study period had laboratorial confirmation of Bordetella pertussis infection, 17 (30.9%) needed pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and 6 (10...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260748/-necrotizing-sarcoid-granulomatosis-with-clinical-presentations-of-recurrent-acute-abdomen-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
V I Vasilyev, S G Palshina, B D Chaltsev, S G Radenska-Lopovok, T N Safonova
The authors have described the world's first case of necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis (NSG) in a 22-year-old woman with the clinical presentations of acute abdomen, which are associated with abdominal lymph nodal infiltration and necrosis, obvious constitutional disturbances (fever, nocturnal sweats, and significant weight loss), high inflammatory activity (anemia, leukocytosis, high erythrocyte sedimentation rates and C-reactive protein levels), the gradual appearance of splenic and hepatic necrotic foci, and infiltration into the lung and lacrimal glands with the development of unilateral uveitis...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228381/the-etiology-and-impact-of-co-infections-in-children-hospitalized-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#12
Vikki G Nolan, Sandra R Arnold, Anna M Bramley, Krow Ampofo, Derek J Williams, Carlos G Grijalva, Wesley H Self, Evan J Anderson, Richard G Wunderink, Kathryn M Edwards, Andrew T Pavia, Seema Jain, Jonathan A McCullers
Background: Recognition that co-infections are common in children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is increasing, but gaps remain in our understanding of their frequency and importance. Methods: We analyzed data from 2219 children hospitalized with CAP and compared demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes between groups with viruses alone, bacteria alone, or co-infections. We also assessed the frequency of selected pairings of co-detected pathogens and their clinical characteristics...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222405/multiple-weekly-dalbavancin-dosing-for-the-treatment-of-native-vertebral-osteomyelitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-case-report
#13
Thamer A Almangour, Valerie Fletcher, Mohammed Alessa, Abdullah A Alhifany, Deanne Tabb
BACKGROUND Native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO) is a common form of hematogenous osteomyelitis, with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) being the most commonly isolated organism. Dalbavancin is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and has a sufficiently promising pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile to be considered for the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis. We describe here what is probably the first reported case of using multiple weekly dalbavancin to treat a complicated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and vertebral osteomyelitis...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218495/systemic-epstein-barr-virus-positive-t-cell-lymphoproliferative-disorders-of-childhood-with-fulminant-leukocytosis-and-tumor-lysis-a-case-report-with-autopsy-findings
#14
Sachie Wada, Takayuki Suzuki, Koichi Kitazume, Akira Fujita, Seiichiro Shimizu
Systemic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (T-LPD) of childhood is an extremely rare disease characterized by an aggressive clinical course and very poor prognosis. We report an adolescent male with systemic EBV-positive T-LPD of childhood after primary EBV infection, resulting in a fatal clinical course within 9 days, along with autopsy findings. A 19-year-old male without an immunocompromised status presented with an acute onset of high fever, and was hospitalized for persistent fever, vomiting and diarrhea on the 5th day from onset...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212930/control-of-htlv-1-infection-by-eliminating-envelope-protein-positive-cells-with-recombinant-vesicular-stomatitis-viruses-encoding-htlv-1-primary-receptor
#15
Kenta Tezuka, Kazu Okuma, Madoka Kuramitsu, Sahoko Matsuoka, Reiko Tanaka, Yuetsu Tanaka, Isao Hamaguchi
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection causes adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), which is frequently resistant to current available therapies and has a very poor prognosis. To prevent the development of ATL among carriers it is important to control HTLV-1-infected cells in infected individuals. Therefore, the establishment of novel therapies with drugs specifically targeting infected cells is urgently required. This study aimed to develop a potential therapy by generating recombinant vesicular stomatitis viruses (rVSVs) that lack an envelope glycoprotein G and instead encode HTLV-1 receptor(s) with human glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), neuropilin 1 (NRP1), or heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) including syndecan 1 (SDC1), designated as VSVΔG-GL, VSVΔG-NP, or VSVΔG-SD, respectively...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208852/extremely-high-serum-ferritin-an-instrumental-marker-of-masquerading-adult-onset-still-s-disease-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome
#16
Shun Yamashita, Naoko E Furukawa, Tomoyo Matsunaga, Yuka Hirakawa, Masaki Tago, Shu-Ichi Yamashita
BACKGROUND Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare multi-systemic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology characterized by spiking fever, characteristic rash, and arthritis. It often associates with high serum ferritin levels. CASE REPORT An 88-year-old woman had fever of over 39°C without response to extended-spectrum antibiotics for 6 days. She had non-specific erythema with infiltration on her trunk. She had leukocytosis with neutrophilia of 80%, mild hepatic dysfunction, normal level of rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibody, thrombocytopenia, elevated d-dimer and soluble interleukin2 receptor, extremely high serum ferritin (78 662 ng/mL), and splenomegaly...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203479/host-pathogen-treatment-triad-host-factors-matter-most-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-outcomes
#17
M Cristina Vazquez Guillamet, Rodrigo Vazquez, Benjamin Deaton, Jenny Shroba, Laia Vazquez, Renee-Claude Mercier
Previous studies have separately emphasized the importance of host, pathogen, and treatment characteristics in determining short-term or in-hospital mortality rates for patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections. Less is known about the relative importance of these factors and their interactions in determining short-, medium-, and long-term mortality rates. This is an observational cohort study in which data for all patients admitted to the University of New Mexico (UNM) Health Sciences Center (HSC) between July 2002 and August 2013 with MRSA-positive blood cultures were recorded...
February 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202802/histopathology-microbiology-and-the-inflammatory-process-associated-with-sarcoptes-scabiei-infection-in-the-iberian-ibex-capra-pyrenaica
#18
José Espinosa, Arián Ráez-Bravo, Jorge R López-Olvera, Jesús M Pérez, Santiago Lavín, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Francisco J Cano-Manuel, Paulino Fandos, Ramón C Soriguer, José Enrique Granados, Diego Romero, Roser Velarde
BACKGROUND: Sarcoptic mange has been identified as the most significant infectious disease affecting the Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica). Despite several studies on the effects of mange on ibex, the pathological and clinical picture derived from sarcoptic mange infestation is still poorly understood. To further knowledge of sarcoptic mange pathology, samples from ibex were evaluated from histological, microbiological and serological perspectives. METHODS: Samples of skin, non-dermal tissues and blood were collected from 54 ibex (25 experimentally infected, 15 naturally infected and 14 healthy)...
December 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181204/a-case-of-invasive-pneumococcal-infection-with-septic-shock-and-rare-complications
#19
John R Woytanowski, Nausheen Hakim, Caytlin Deering, Sara Schultz
Invasive pneumococcus is a serious illness with potentially devastating outcomes. A 64-year-old female with a medical history of psoriatic arthritis and diabetes was transferred from an outside hospital for ventilator dependent respiratory failure and altered mental status. She initially presented with worsening back pain and was found to have leukocytosis with bandemia and acute renal failure but she was in septic shock upon arrival to our tertiary care center. Her blood cultures grew Streptococcus pneumoniae and MRI of the brain revealed pus within the posterior lateral ventricles and multiple infarcts...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172983/a-comparison-of-brand-and-biosimilar-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factors-for-prophylaxis-of-chemotherapy-induced-febrile-neutropenia
#20
Andrea G Douglas, Phil Schwab, Daniel Lane, Kenneth Kennedy, S Lane Slabaugh, Andy Bowe
BACKGROUND: Filgrastim-sndz, a granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), was introduced as a biosimilar to filgrastim in 2015, but real-world comparative effectiveness for filgrastim versus filgrastim-sndz has not been reported to date. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the incidence of febrile neutropenia for patients taking filgrastim versus those taking filgrastim-sndz and (b) compare the incidence of a potential serious adverse event for filgrastim versus filgrastim-sndz...
December 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
keyword
keyword
72779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"