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Recovery and sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104353/fluid-energy-and-nutrient-recovery-via-ad-libitum-intake-of-different-fluids-and-food
#1
Nadia Campagnolo, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Christopher Irwin, Matthew Schubert, Gregory R Cox, Michael Leveritt, Ben Desbrow
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of different beverages and foods on fluid retention and nutrient intake following exercise. METHODS: Ten endurance trained males (mean±SD; Age=25.3±4.9years, VO2max=63.0±7.2ml·kg·min(-1)) performed four trials employing a counterbalanced, crossover design. Following 60min of exercise (matched for energy expenditure and fluid loss) participants consumed either water (W1 and W2), a sports drink (Powerade® (P)) or a milk-based liquid meal supplement (Sustagen Sport® (SS)) over a four hour recovery period...
January 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095091/factors-informing-fear-of-reinjury-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#2
Cheryl A Ross, Amanda Clifford, Quinette A Louw
OBJECTIVE: Fear of reinjury is associated with cessation of sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction despite normal postoperative knee function. The objective of this study is to describe factors informing athletes' experience of fear of reinjury post ACL reconstruction, in athletes who cited fear as the sole reason for not returning to their pre-injury level of sport. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study design of qualitative and a preliminary quantitative component...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095065/monitoring-fatigue-status-in-elite-team-sport-athletes-implications-for-practice
#3
Robin T Thorpe, Greg Atkinson, Barry Drust, Warren Gregson
The increase in competition demands in elite team sports over recent years has prompted much attention from researchers and practitioners into the monitoring of adaptation and fatigue in athletes. Monitoring of fatigue and gaining an understanding of athlete status may also provide insights and beneficial information pertaining to player availability, injury and illness risk. Traditional methods used to quantify recovery and fatigue in team sports such as maximal physical performance assessments may not be feasible in order to detect variations in fatigue status throughout competitive periods...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095029/utilization-of-conventional-neuroimaging-following-youth-concussion
#4
Sean C Rose, Caroline E Schaffer, Julie A Young, Kelly A McNally, Anastasia N Fischer, Geoffrey L Heyer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Conventional neuroimaging is not recommended for the routine diagnosis of concussion, but some patients with concussion undergo computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The objective of this study was to explore the clinical factors that predict neuroimaging utilization in concussion. METHODS: Concussion-related CT and MRI data were analysed from 1953 patients, aged 10-19 years, who presented to a sports concussion clinic within 30 days of injury...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093374/predictors-of-pharmacological-intervention-in-adolescents-with-protracted-symptoms-after-sports-related-concussion
#5
Shanti M Pinto, Maria F Twichell, Luke C Henry
BACKGROUND: Though recovery after concussion is spontaneous and typically occurs within two to three weeks, a subset of adolescents develop persistent symptoms after a sports-related concussion. Medications are frequently prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment approach to alleviate these symptoms; however, there are no guidelines for prescription of pharmacologic therapy after concussion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate common factors that are associated with the use of medications (anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, neurostimulant, or sleeping medication) during recovery from a sports-related concussion...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091825/preoperative-sport-improves-the-outcome-of-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-prospective-monocentric-cohort-study
#6
Anja Tschugg, Sara Lener, Sebastian Hartmann, Matthias Wildauer, Wolfgang N Löscher, Sabrina Neururer, Claudius Thomé
A lumbar disc herniation resulting in surgery may be an incisive event in a patient's everyday life. The patient's recovery after sequestrectomy may be influenced by several factors. There is evidence that regular physical activity can lower pain perception and improve the outcome after surgery. For this purpose, we hypothesized that patients performing regular sports prior to lumbar disc surgery might have less pain perception and disability thereafter. Fifty-two participants with a single lumbar disc herniation confirmed on MRI treated by a lumbar sequestrectomy were included in the trial...
January 13, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081584/-mini-open-approach-shows-good-results-in-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#7
Stephanie Maria Kirschbaum, Frank Sitterlee, Carsten Perka, Michael Müller
Background Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) describes a painful, abnormal (bony) contact between the femoral neck and acetabulum, which, if left untreated, contributes to early osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Despite its flat learning curve and long operation times, hip arthroscopy has been used increasingly often in recent years in the surgery of femoroacetabular impingement. The mini-open technique (MOT) offers a possible alternative that addresses the abnormal morphological prominence and allows minimally invasive clearance of hip motion...
January 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077006/longitudinal-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-following-adolescent-sports-related-concussion
#8
Kelly Russell, Erin Selci, Stephanie Chu, Samuel Fineblit, Lesley Ritchie, Michael Ellis
OBJECTIVE: To examine initial and longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescent sports-related concussion (SRC) patients. STUDY: A prospective observational case-series study was conducted among adolescent SRC patients who were evaluated at a multi-disciplinary pediatric concussion program. Health-related quality of life was measured using the child self-report Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) generic score scale (age 13-18 version) and the PedsQL Cognitive Functioning scale...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076736/australian-institute-of-sport-and-australian-medical-association-position-statement-on-concussion-in-sport
#9
Lisa J Elkington, David C Hughes
Sport-related concussion is a growing health concern in Australia. Public concern is focused on the incidence and potential long term consequences of concussion. Children may be more prone to concussion and take longer to recover. The Australian Institute of Sport and the Australian Medical Association have collaborated to present the most contemporary evidence-based information in a format appropriate for all stakeholders. This position statement aims to ensure that participant safety and welfare is paramount when dealing with concussion in sport...
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065991/septic-olecranon-and-prepatellar-bursitis-in-hockey-players-a-report-of-three-cases
#10
Taylor Tuff, Karen Chrobak
Septic bursitis (SB) is an important differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with an acute subcutaneous swelling of the elbow or knee. Prompt recognition is essential to minimize recovery time and prevent the spread of infection. Due to the significant overlap in clinical features, it is often difficult to differentiate SB from non-septic bursitis (NSB) without bursal aspirate analysis. SB is commonly not considered unless the bursitis is accompanied by a local skin lesion or fever. This study describes two cases of septic olecranon bursitis and one case of septic prepatellar bursitis in adult hockey players presenting to a sports medicine clinic...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065371/real-t1-relaxation-time-measurement-and-diurnal-variation-analysis-of-intervertebral-discs-in-a-healthy-population-of-50-volunteers
#11
J Galley, G Maestretti, G Koch, H-M Hoogewoud
PURPOSE: To measure the real T1 relaxation time of the lumbar intervertebral discs in a young and healthy population, using different inversion recovery times, and assess diurnal variation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intervertebral discs from D12 to S1 of 50 healthy volunteers from 18 to 25 years old were evaluated twice the same day, in the morning and in the late afternoon. Dedicated MRI sequences with different inversion recovery times (from 100 to 2500ms) were used to calculate the real T1 relaxation time...
February 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059948/sports-related-concussion-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Christian A Refakis, Christian D Turner, Patrick J Cahill
Concussions are becoming increasingly important to manage properly as sports participation continues to rise. Repeated injuries occurring before the brain has had a chance to recover from an initial insult are particularly dangerous and must be prevented. Although much national media attention has been devoted to concussions in professional sports, it is important to appreciate that athletes in any age group, children and adolescents in particular, are at risk of sports-related concussion. It is crucial to remove an athlete from play any time concussion is suspected...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057022/long-term-follow-up-on-recovery-return-to-use-and-sporting-activity-a-retrospective-study-of-236-operated-colic-horses-in-finland-2006-2012
#13
Isa Anna Maria Immonen, Ninja Karikoski, Anna Mykkänen, Tytti Niemelä, Jouni Junnila, Riitta-Mari Tulamo
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of colic is expensive and complications may occur. Information on the prognosis and the use of the horse after surgery for colic is important for surgeons and owners. Current literature on return to athletic function after celiotomy is limited. The present study reviewed surgical cases of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Helsinki, Finland for 2006-2012. The aim was to follow the population of horses of different breeds for surgical findings, postsurgical complications, long-term recovery and prognosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056178/is-there-any-benefit-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-patients-older-than-60-years
#14
Cécile Toanen, Guillaume Demey, Panagiotis G Ntagiopoulos, Paolo Ferrua, David Dejour
BACKGROUND: Results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are traditionally excellent in younger and nonarthritic patients. During the past few decades, people older than 60 years have become more active than ever, with more demanding physical lifestyles. An increase also has been noted in active patients with diagnosed ACL injuries. More patients are requesting treatment for ACL deficiency in hopes of returning to preinjury levels of activity. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of ACL reconstruction in patients older than 60 years in terms of functional recovery, return to sports, and postoperative incidence of osteoarthritis and to compare their results with published results of different age groups...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045562/parasympathetic-baroreflexes-and-heart-rate-variability-during-acute-stage-of-sport-concussion-recovery
#15
Scott Bishop, Ryan Dech, Taylor Baker, Matthew Butz, Kaishan Aravinthan, J Patrick Neary
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the parasympathetic state of individuals in healthy vs concussion groups, by measuring cardiovascular metrics under resting and baroreflex conditions using a squat-stand manoeuvre. RESEARCH DESIGN: This was a retrospective mixed-method study, with participants who sustained a medically diagnosed sport concussion (n = 12), being tested within 72-hours post-injury. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participant's heart rate (Electrocardiogram, ECG) and blood pressure (finger plethysmography) data was collected during rest and during 10-second squat-stands (10SS, 0...
January 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032779/the-era-of-sport-concussion-evolution-of-knowledge-practice-and-the-role-of-psychology
#16
Julie L Guay, Brittany M Lebretore, Jesse M Main, Katelyn E DeFrangesco, Jessica L Taylor, Sarah M Amedoro
The topic of sport concussion has gained significant prominence over the last 20 years, resulting in dramatic growth in research funding, widespread media coverage, and increased public awareness. Although the knowledge base has greatly expanded, there is still much that is unknown or controversial about the long-term effects of sports-related head injury. Because of the high stakes of mismanaging these injuries, professional sports organizations, federal/state government, and various health-related disciplines have responded with efforts to educate the public and improve treatment and management of this injury...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031189/nine-year-study-of-us-high-school-soccer-injuries-data-from-a-national-sports-injury-surveillance-programme
#17
Morteza Khodaee, Dustin W Currie, Irfan M Asif, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Research on high school soccer injury epidemiology is sparse. AIM: To describe high school soccer injury rates, trends and patterns by type of athlete exposure (AE), position and sex. METHODS: This descriptive epidemiological study used data from a large national high school sports injury surveillance programme to describe rates and patterns of soccer-related injuries including concussion sustained from 2005/2006 to 2013/2014. Injury rates are calculated per 1000 AEs...
December 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030533/physical-and-physiological-profile-of-wrestler-athletes-short-review
#18
Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Bessem Mkaouer, Emerson Franchini, Ursula Julio, Younés Hachana
Wrestling is one of the oldest combat sports, disputed since the ancient Greek Olympic Games. This combat sport discipline has caught the attention of scientists since 1943 which is the date that matches the appearance of the first scientific research dealing with wrestling. The current short review aimed to summarize and critically analyze the scientific literature related to wrestling's physical and physiological attributes and to provide practical recommendations for testing/training together with new perspective and areas of future scientific research...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029577/forced-knee-extension-test-is-a-manual-test-that-correlates-with-the-unstable-feelings-of-patients-with-acl-injury-before-and-after-reconstruction
#19
Shinichi Shirasawa, Hideyuki Koga, Masafumi Horie, Tomomasa Nakamura, Toshifumi Watanabe, Ichiro Sekiya, Takeshi Muneta
BACKGROUND: To investigate fear in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury before and after reconstruction, a forced knee extension (FKE) test was performed. The correlation of the test results was evaluated with the subjective function, sports performance and objective parameters. METHODS: The study included 102 patients with unilateral ACL reconstruction using a semitendinosus tendon with full clinical evaluation. This study was retrospective and determined the longitudinal results of the FKE test and investigated the effects on the subjective and objective outcomes at 2years...
October 29, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028569/functional-testing-and-return-to-sport-following-stabilization-surgery-for-recurrent-lateral-patellar-instability-in-competitive-athletes
#20
Aaron J Krych, Michael P O'Malley, Nick R Johnson, Rohith Mohan, Timothy E Hewett, Michael J Stuart, Diane L Dahm
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and tibial tubercle osteotomy are commonly used to treat recurrent lateral patellar instability, yet there are limited available data on return to sport (RTS) following these procedures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patient factors associated with excellent functional outcomes, including successful RTS, following surgical stabilization including MPFL reconstruction in competitive athletes with recurrent lateral patellar instability...
December 27, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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