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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727340/in-a-spirit-of-restoration-a-phenomenology-of-nursing-practice-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#1
Geraldine Gorman, Rebecca M Singer, Erin Christmas, Catherine Herbstritt, Layne Miller, Mary Murphy, Cailan Shannon, Katrina Wyss
Conditions within jails and prisons are a public health crisis, necessitating critical reform measures. An innovative collaboration between a Midwestern College of Nursing and Cook County Department of Corrections provides students with the opportunity to develop health education for both those detained in the jail and the corrections officers. A phenomenological approach, recognizing the importance of intuitive and cognitive understanding, is offered as a framework for practice in complex environments. Principles of restorative justice provide a bridge between primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention and the nursing practice possible within these institutions of incarceration and the communities to which people return...
April 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570136/effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-to-increase-human-papillomavirus-knowledge-in-high-risk-minority-women
#2
Adria Suarez Mora, Jessica M Madrigal, Lauren Jordan, Ashlesha Patel
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer knowledge in a population at high risk for cervical cancer and to determine whether knowledge and attitudes toward HPV vaccination improve after educational intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pre-post survey design study was conducted at the John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County colposcopy clinic. An HPV knowledge and awareness survey was given to participants before their clinical encounter...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548496/a-cyclical-path-to-recovery-calling-into-question-the-wisdom-of-incarceration-after-restoration
#3
REVIEW
Alexandria Boutros, Seung Suk Kang, Nash N Boutros
Around 20-25% of the current offenders in Cook County Jail of Chicago Illinois are mentally ill. Each one of these offenders had to be named competent to stand trial when they were first being tried in court. The majority of these offenders that were considered incompetent to stand trial (IST) had to go through the competency restoration process where they were housed in a state hospital and received treatment until the court could deem them to be competent to stand trial. Many defendants with minor offenses that were eventually deemed competent to stand trial, stood trial and were found guilty and sent to jail...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497309/an-operational-evaluation-of-3-methoprene-larvicide-formulations-for-use-against-mosquitoes-in-catch-basins
#4
Justin E Harbison, Amy B Runde, Marlon Henry, Bridget Hulsebosch, Alka Meresh, Haley Johnson, Roger S Nasci
Effectiveness in controlling mosquitoes in storm water catch basins in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (northeastern Cook County, Illinois) was determined for 3 formulations of methoprene-based larvicides (Altosid XR 150-day Briquets, Altosid 30-day Pellets, Altosid 30-day Granules) in 2017 using a pass/fail evaluation criterion, in which emergence of a single adult from pupae collected from the basin constituted a control failure. Over the course of the 16-week study, basins receiving the 150-day briquets were treated once and basins receiving the pellet and granular formulations were treated every 4 weeks, with the first treatment occurring during the last week of May...
2018: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479460/a-new-method-to-visualize-obesity-prevalence-in-seattle-king-county-at-the-census-block-level
#5
A Drewnowski, J Buszkiewicz, A Aggarwal, A Cook, A V Moudon
Objective: The aim of this study is to map obesity prevalence in Seattle King County at the census block level. Methods: Data for 1,632 adult men and women came from the Seattle Obesity Study I. Demographic, socioeconomic and anthropometric data were collected via telephone survey. Home addresses were geocoded, and tax parcel residential property values were obtained from the King County tax assessor. Multiple logistic regression tested associations between house prices and obesity rates...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469330/-serological-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-longhua-region-hebei-province
#6
Zhang Li-Hong, Liu Gui-Fen, Liu Dong-Mei
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Longhua region, Hebei Province. METHODS: A total of 393 women with adverse pregnancy outcomes were chosen as respondents in the Longhua County Maternal and Child Health Care Center between January 2013 and June 2016 and were divided into an acute infection group, a previous infection group, and an active infection group according to the test results. Totally 256 women without adverse pregnancy outcomes were selected as a control group...
March 17, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406335/fish-shellfish-intake-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
Kathleen M McClain, Patrick T Bradshaw, Nikhil K Khankari, Marilie D Gammon, Andrew F Olshan
Fish intake and other dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be associated with a reduced risk for some cancers. Although previous studies of head and neck cancer have reported associations with different dietary factors, including reduced risks for fruits and vegetables and putatively healthy dietary patterns, associations specific to fish intake are unclear. This study investigated the association between fish/shellfish intake and risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) using data from the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study conducted in 46 North Carolina counties with cases recruited from 2002 through 2006...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392754/a-new-kind-of-nursing-walking-the-labyrinth-of-cook-county-jail
#8
Geraldine Gorman
This paper examines the application of public health nursing education with an emphasis on the social determinants of health within a correctional facility. The innate tension between public health practice and the punitive nature of correctional confinement is discussed through the perspective of student involvement. Exemplars of unexpected contingencies endemic to this practice setting are provided as are insights gleaned from this pilot collaboration between a college of nursing and a county correctional system...
March 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369019/effectiveness-of-five-products-to-control-culex-pipiens-larvae-in-urban-stormwater-catch-basins
#9
Roger S Nasci, Amy B Runde, Marlon Henry, Justin E Harbison
Effectiveness in controlling mosquito larvae in stormwater catch basins in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (northeastern Cook County, IL) was determined for 2 extended-duration larvicides indicating up to 180 days of control on their labels (Natular™ XRT, FourStar® Briquet) and 3 larvicides indicating up to 30 days of control (Natular™ T30, Natular™ G30, and VectoLex® FG). Over the course of the 26-wk study, catch basins receiving the extended-release products were treated twice (an initial treatment in early April followed by a re-treatment after 16 wk), and catch basins receiving the shorter-duration products were treated every 28 days, with the 1st treatment occurring during the 1st week in April...
December 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233208/training-early-childcare-providers-in-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-can-help-improve-nutrition-policies-and-practices-of-early-childcare-centres-serving-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-children-from-low-income-families
#10
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, Ruby Natale, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which providing training and technical assistance to early childcare centre (ECC) directors, faculty and staff in the implementation of evidence-based nutrition strategies improved the nutrition contexts, policies and practices of ECC serving racially and ethnically diverse, low-income children in Broward County, Florida, USA. The nutrition strategies targeted snack and beverage policies and practices, consistent with Caring for Our Children National Standards...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202674/determination-of-the-diversity-of-astroviruses-in-feces-from-cats-in-florida
#11
Patricia E Lawler, Kirstin A Cook, Hannah G Williams, Linda L Archer, Karen E Schaedel, Natalie M Isaza, James F X Wellehan
Astroviruses are small, nonenveloped RNA viruses that have been linked to numerous diseases in a variety of species, including enteric disease in humans and cheetahs. Species Mamastrovirus 2, previously known as feline astrovirus, has been isolated from the feces of domestic cats and cheetahs. A total of 122 cat fecal samples from Alachua County, FL Animal Services and the Veterinary Community Outreach Program at the University of Florida were analyzed, and 35 contained astroviral RNA that was amplified and identified using consensus RT-PCR and sequence analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193298/what-aspects-of-rural-life-contribute-to-rural-urban-health-disparities-in-older-adults-evidence-from-a-national-survey
#12
Steven A Cohen, Sarah K Cook, Trisha A Sando, Natalie J Sabik
PURPOSE: Rural-urban health disparities are well-documented and particularly problematic for older adults. However, determining which specific aspects of rural or urban living initiate these disparities remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess associations between place-based characteristics of rural-urban status and health among adults age 65+. METHODS: Data from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were geographically linked to place-based characteristics from the American Community Survey...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841405/experimental-infection-of-common-eider-ducklings-with-wellfleet-bay-virus-a-newly-characterized-orthomyxovirus
#13
Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Hon Sang Ip, Anne Ballmann, Jeffrey S Hall, Andrew B Allison, Jennifer Ballard, Julie C Ellis, Robert Cook, Samantha E J Gibbs, Chris Dwyer
Wellfleet Bay virus (WFBV), a novel orthomyxovirus in the genus Quaranjavirus, was first isolated in 2006 from carcasses of common eider (Somateria mollissima) during a mortality event in Wellfleet Bay (Barnstable County, Massachusetts, USA) and has since been repeatedly isolated during recurrent mortality events in this location. Hepatic, pancreatic, splenic, and intestinal necrosis was observed in dead eiders. We inoculated 6-week-old common eider ducklings with WFBV in an attempt to recreate the naturally occurring disease...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834541/sudden-unexpected-deaths-due-to-intracranial-meningioma-presentation-of-six-fatal-cases-review-of-the-literature-and-a-discussion-of-the-mechanisms-of-death
#14
Lorenzo Gitto, Giorgio Bolino, Stephen J Cina
Deaths due to meningiomas are routinely diagnosed in clinical practice because this neoplasm tends to present with the typical progression of neurological deficits. On the other hand, sudden unexpected deaths due to meningiomas are rarely described in the literature. The study presents six fatal cases of previously undiagnosed intracranial meningiomas from the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office from 1998 to 2014. The most common explanation of the mechanism of sudden death due to intracranial neoplasms is a rapid increase in intracranial pressure produced by the mass effect of the neoplasm...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737957/investigating-factors-influencing-pedestrian-injury-severity-at-intersections
#15
Zhuanglin Ma, Xi Lu, Steven I-Jy Chien, Dawei Hu
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle crashes that involve pedestrians at intersections have been reported occasionally. Pedestrian injury severity in these crashes is significantly related to driver and pedestrian attributes, vehicle characteristics, and the geometry of intersections. Identifying factors associated with pedestrian injury severity (PIS) is critical for reducing crashes and improving safety. For developing the proposed probit models, drivers involved in crashes are classified into 3 groups: young drivers (16 ≤ age ≤ 24), middle-aged drivers (25 ≤ age ≤ 64), and older drivers (age ≥ 65)...
February 17, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692394/using-an-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-evaluate-reporting-of-potential-rabies-exposures-illinois-2013-2015
#16
Kelley Bemis, Mabel Frias, Megan Toth Patel, Demian Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: Mandatory reporting of potential rabies exposures and initiation of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) allow local health authorities to monitor PEP administration for errors. Our objectives were to use an emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance system to (1) estimate reporting compliance for exposure to rabies in suburban Cook County, Illinois, and (2) initiate interventions to improve reporting and reassess compliance. METHODS: We queried ED records from 45 acute care hospitals in Cook County and surrounding areas from January 1, 2013, through June 30, 2015, for chief complaints or discharge diagnoses pertaining to rabies, PEP, or contact with a wild mammal (eg, bat, raccoon, skunk, fox, or coyote)...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592095/-the-epidemic-status-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-chinese-adolescents-aged-10-17-years-in-2010-2012
#17
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, W T Yu, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To invesigate the epidemic status of the metabolic syndrome (MS) among mainland Chinese adolescents aged 10-17 in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Multi-stage stratified proportion to the population cluster random sampling method was conducted to determine 16 872 adolescents in 150 counties from 31 provinces in mainland China. The epidemic status of metabolic syndrome was analyzed by China criterion (defined by Chinese Pediatric Society, Chinese Medical Association) and Cook criterion, respectively...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557844/child-deaths-of-undetermined-intent-an-analysis-of-circumstances-using-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system-data
#18
Han-Wei Wu, Suzanne G McLone, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: There is little information available about the circumstances surrounding the deaths of children aged 0 to 14 years in which the manner of death is of undetermined intent. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System to describe victim demographics, location of injury, seasonality, day of week, and circumstances surrounding the victims' deaths. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2010 in Cook County, Illinois, 192 cases were identified of children aged 0 to 14 years, in which the manner of death was of undetermined intent...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#19
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties. However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
December 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542242/-we-do-not-bury-dead-livestock-like-human-beings-community-behaviors-and-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-infection-in-baringo-county-kenya
#20
Edna N Mutua, Salome A Bukachi, Bernard K Bett, Benson A Estambale, Isaac K Nyamongo
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley Fever (RVF), is a viral zoonotic disease transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. In Kenya, its occurrence is associated with increased rains. In Baringo County, RVF was first reported in 2006-2007 resulting in 85 human cases and 5 human deaths, besides livestock losses and livelihood disruptions. This study sought to investigate the county's current RVF risk status. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of RVF was conducted through a mixed methods approach utilizing a questionnaire survey (n = 560) and 26 focus group discussions (n = 231)...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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