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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342951/a-model-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-precancerous-lesions-in-regions-of-high-prevalence-in-china
#1
Mengfei Liu, Zhen Liu, Hong Cai, Chuanhai Guo, Xiang Li, Chaoting Zhang, Hui Wang, Dong Hang, Fangfang Liu, Qiuju Deng, Xin Yang, Wenqing Yuan, Yaqi Pan, Jingjing Li, Chanyuan Zhang, Na Shen, Zhonghu He, Yang Ke
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to develop a population-based model to identify individuals at high-risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in regions of China with a high prevalence of this cancer. METHODS: We collected findings from 15,073 permanent residents (45-69 years old) of 334 randomly selected villages in Hua County, Henan Province, China who underwent endoscopic screening (with iodine staining) for ESCC from January 2012 through September 2015...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#2
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256283/cooking-at-home-a-strategy-to-comply-with-u-s-dietary-guidelines-at-no-extra-cost
#3
Arpita Tiwari, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Adam Drewnowski
INTRODUCTION: Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study used a stratified random sample of 437 King County adults. In-person computer-assisted interviews collected sociodemographic and behavioral data during 2011-2013. HEI-2010 and 2005 were computed using Food Frequency Questionnaires...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141892/differential-effects-of-air-conditioning-type-on-residential-endotoxin-levels-in-a-semi-arid-climate
#4
J D Johnston, B A Kruman, M C Nelson, R M Merrill, R J Graul, T G Hoybjerg, S C Tuttle, S J Myers, R B Cook, K S Weber
Residential endotoxin exposure is associated with protective and pathogenic health outcomes. Evaporative coolers, an energy-efficient type of air conditioner used in dry climates, are a potential source of indoor endotoxins; however, this association is largely unstudied. We collected settled dust biannually from four locations in homes with evaporative coolers (n=18) and central air conditioners (n=22) in Utah County, Utah (USA), during winter (Jan-Apr) and summer (Aug-Sept), 2014. Dust samples (n=281) were analyzed by the Limulus amebocyte lysate test...
January 31, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114435/undertriage-of-firearm-related-injuries-in-a-major-metropolitan-area
#5
Allison Lale, Allison Krajewski, Lee S Friedman
Importance: National anatomic triage criteria prescribe specific transport rules for injured patients. However, there is limited information about patients with firearm-related injuries undertriaged to nondesignated facilities (ie, hospitals without specialized trauma teams or units), including what clinical outcomes are achieved and how many are transferred to a higher level of care. Without these data, it is difficult to make informed regional or national policy decisions about triage practices...
January 18, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936627/profiling-the-serum-albumin-cys34-adductome-of-solid-fuel-users-in-xuanwei-and-fuyuan-china
#6
Sixin S Lu, Hasmik Grigoryan, William M B Edmands, Wei Hu, Anthony T Iavarone, Alan Hubbard, Nathaniel Rothman, Roel Vermeulen, Qing Lan, Stephen M Rappaport
Xuanwei and Fuyuan counties in China have the highest lung cancer rates in the world due to household air pollution from combustion of smoky coal for cooking and heating. To discover potential biomarkers of indoor combustion products, we profiled adducts at the Cys34 locus of human serum albumin (HSA) in 29 nonsmoking Xuanwei and Fuyuan females who used smoky coal, smokeless coal, or wood and 10 local controls who used electricity or gas fuel. Our untargeted "adductomics" method detected 50 tryptic peptides of HSA, containing Cys34 and prominent post-translational modifications...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893281/the-effects-of-drug-and-alcohol-consumption-on-driver-injury-severities-in-single-vehicle-crashes
#7
Ali Behnood, Fred L Mannering
OBJECTIVE: It is well known that alcohol and drugs influence driving behavior by affecting the central nervous system, awareness, vision, and perception/reaction times, but the resulting effect driver-injuries in car crashes is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the injury severities of unimpaired, alcohol-impaired and drug-impaired drivers Method: The current paper applies a random parameters logit model to study the differences in injury severities among unimpaired, alcohol-impaired and drug-impaired drivers...
November 28, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892622/changes-in-physician-practice-patterns-after-implementation-of-a-communication-and-resolution-program
#8
Lorens A Helmchen, Bruce L Lambert, Timothy B McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To test if a 2006 communication-and-resolution program to address unexpected adverse outcomes was associated with changes in cost and use trajectories. DATA SOURCE: Records of patients discharged with a principal diagnosis of chest pain from 44 nonfederal general hospitals in Cook County, Illinois, between January 2002 and December 2009. STUDY DESIGN: Propensity-score matched discharges from the intervention and comparison hospitals before computing difference-in-differences estimates of quarterly growth rates...
December 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885590/payment-reform-needed-to-address-health-disparities-of-undiagnosed-diabetic-retinopathy-in-the-city-of-chicago
#9
Dustin D French, Jess J Behrens, Kathryn L Jackson, Abel N Kho, Theresa L Walunas, Charlesnika T Evans, Michael Mbagwu, Curtis E Margo, Paul J Bryar
INTRODUCTION: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has expanded health coverage for thousands of Illinois residents. Expanded coverage, however, does not guarantee appropriate health care. Diabetes and its ocular complications serve as an example of how providers in underserved urban areas may not be able to keep up with new demand for labor- and technology-intensive health care unless changes in reimbursement policies are instituted. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using medical encounter information from the Chicago HealthLNK Data Repository (HDR), an assembly of non-duplicated and de-identified patient medical records...
November 24, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#10
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824789/predictors-of-persistent-or-recurrent-disease-after-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure
#11
Helen E Cejtin, Lindsay Zimmerman, Melissa Mathews, Ashlesha Patel
OBJECTIVE: Follow-up recommendations after an excisional procedure vary depending on whether or not there is a positive ectocervical or endocervical margin or endocervical curettage (ECC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of these findings in predicting recurrent/persistent (r/p) disease in a sample of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive and -negative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Loop electrosurgical excision procedures with a concurrent ECC performed at the Cook County ambulatory clinic between September 29, 2008, and April 15, 2014 were included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822625/where-are-weather-suicide-associations-valid-an-examination-of-nine-us-counties-with-varying-seasonality
#12
P Grady Dixon, Adam J Kalkstein
There has been much research on the associations between weather variables and suicide rates. However, the state of understanding has remained rather stagnant due to many contradictory findings. The purpose of this project is to examine a larger database of suicides that includes a longer and more recent period of record (1975-2010) across numerous locations in the USA. In all, we examine nine total counties (and the primary city associated with them) with a special effort made to compare locations with varying degrees of temperature seasonality: Cook (Chicago), Fulton (Atlanta), King (Seattle), Los Angeles (Los Angeles), Maricopa (Phoenix), Miami-Dade (Miami), Philadelphia (Philadelphia), Salt Lake (Salt Lake City), and St...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787884/deaths-due-to-child-abuse-a-6-year-review-of-cases-in-the-cook-county-medical-examiner-s-office
#13
Serenella Serinelli, Ponni Arunkumar, James A Filkins, Lorenzo Gitto
Case files from the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office from 2007 to 2012 were reviewed to analyze homicides due to physical child abuse in children <3 years old. Fatal cases mostly involved younger subjects. Intracranial injuries were the leading cause of death, while death due to extracranial injuries was uncommon. Eyes were involved in most of the cases. Spinal cord was involved in about 1/3 of the cases, mostly in the thoracic area. In some cases, previous injuries were present. There were significant differences in the pattern of injuries between age groups...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732713/evaluation-of-rural-vs-urban-trauma-patients-served-by-9-1-1-emergency-medical-services
#14
Craig D Newgard, Rongwei Fu, Eileen Bulger, Jerris R Hedges, N Clay Mann, Dagan A Wright, David P Lehrfeld, Carol Shields, Gregory Hoskins, Craig Warden, Lynn Wittwer, Jennifer N B Cook, Michael Verkest, William Conway, Stephanie Somerville, Matthew Hansen
Importance: Despite a large rural US population, there are potential differences between rural and urban regions in the processes and outcomes following trauma. Objectives: To describe and evaluate rural vs urban processes of care, injury severity, and mortality among injured patients served by 9-1-1 emergency medical services (EMS). Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a preplanned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort enrolled from January 1 through December 31, 2011, and followed up through hospitalization...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664451/risk-assessment-and-management-of-brucellosis-in-the-southern-greater-yellowstone-area-i-a-citizen-science-based-risk-model-for-bovine-brucellosis-transmission-from-elk-to-cattle
#15
Mandy Kauffman, Dannele Peck, Brandon Scurlock, Jim Logan, Timothy Robinson, Walt Cook, Kari Boroff, Brant Schumaker
Livestock producers and state wildlife agencies have used multiple management strategies to control bovine brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA). However, spillover from elk to domestic bison and cattle herds continues to occur. Although knowledge is increasing about the location and behavior of elk in the SGYA, predicting spatiotemporal overlap between elk and cattle requires locations of livestock operations and observations of elk contact by producers. We queried all producers in a three-county area using a questionnaire designed to determine location of cattle and whether producers saw elk comingle with their animals...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607896/community-needs-assessment-after-microcystin-toxin-contamination-of-a-municipal-water-supply-lucas-county-ohio-september-2014
#16
Carolyn L McCarty, Leigh Nelson, Samantha Eitniear, Eric Zgodzinski, Amanda Zabala, Laurie Billing, Mary DiOrio
On August 1, 2014, routine testing at the Collins Park Water Treatment Plant in Lucas County, Ohio, revealed microcystin toxin levels in drinking water had reached 3.19 μg/L, surpassing the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drinking water advisory threshold of 1.0 μg/L. Microcystin is a hepatoxin released by cyanobacteria in certain harmful algal blooms. Exposure to microcystin has been associated with gastrointestinal and hepatic illness in both humans and animals (1-3). On August 2, a do-not-drink advisory was issued, warning community members not to drink, boil, or use the water for cooking or brushing teeth...
September 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574335/frequency-of-eating-out-at-both-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurants-was-associated-with-high-body-mass-index-in-non-large-metropolitan-communities-in-midwest
#17
Surabhi Bhutani, Dale A Schoeller, Matthew C Walsh, Christine McWilliams
PURPOSE: We investigated the associations between frequency of eating at fast-food, fast-casual, all-you-can-eat, and sit-down restaurants and the body mass index (BMI) in non-large metro Wisconsin communities. To inform prevention efforts, we also analyzed the socioeconomic/environmental and nutrition attitudes/behavior variables that may drive the frequent eating away from home. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of an ancillary data set from the Survey of Health of Wisconsin collected between October 2012 and February 2013...
August 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554364/geography-of-adolescent-obesity-in-the-u-s-2007-2011
#18
Michael R Kramer, Ilana G Raskind, Miriam E Van Dyke, Stephen A Matthews, Jessica N Cook-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Obesity remains a significant threat to the current and long-term health of U.S. adolescents. The authors developed county-level estimates of adolescent obesity for the contiguous U.S., and then explored the association between 23 conceptually derived area-based correlates of adolescent obesity and ecologic obesity prevalence. METHODS: Multilevel small area regression methods applied to the 2007 and 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health produced county-level obesity prevalence estimates for children aged 10-17 years...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507265/the-feasibility-of-an-elearning-nutrition-education-program-for-low-income-individuals
#19
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee, Hui Rong, Deborah Murray
BACKGROUND: Online eLearning may be an innovative, efficient, and cost-effective method of providing nutrition education to a diverse low-income audience. AIMS: The intent of this project is to examine perceptions of nutrition educators regarding the feasibility of an eLearning nutrition education program tailored to low-income Georgians. METHOD: Semistructured individual interviews were conducted, guided by the constructivist theory. The interview guide focused on three themes: accessibility, literacy, and content...
August 9, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500340/higher-risk-of-homicide-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-females-aged-10-29-years-in-illinois-2002-2011
#20
Abigail R Koch, Deborah Rosenberg, Stacie E Geller
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether being pregnant or postpartum was associated with excess risk for homicide among females in Illinois and to describe the association between pregnancy status and homicide by race, ethnicity, and age group. METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicohort, ecologic study of females of reproductive age in Illinois between 2002 and 2011 using Illinois Department of Public Health maternal mortality data and vital records data. We compared pregnancy-associated homicides with live births using χ tests...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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