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Cook County

Craig D Newgard, Rongwei Fu, Eileen Bulger, Jerris R Hedges, N Clay Mann, Dagan A Wright, David P Lehrfeld, Carol Shields, Gregory Hoskins, Craig Warden, Lynn Wittwer, Jennifer N B Cook, Michael Verkest, William Conway, Stephanie Somerville, Matthew Hansen
Importance: Despite a large rural US population, there are potential differences between rural and urban regions in the processes and outcomes following trauma. Objectives: To describe and evaluate rural vs urban processes of care, injury severity, and mortality among injured patients served by 9-1-1 emergency medical services (EMS). Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a preplanned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort enrolled from January 1 through December 31, 2011, and followed up through hospitalization...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Mandy Kauffman, Dannele Peck, Brandon Scurlock, Jim Logan, Timothy Robinson, Walt Cook, Kari Boroff, Brant Schumaker
Livestock producers and state wildlife agencies have used multiple management strategies to control bovine brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA). However, spillover from elk to domestic bison and cattle herds continues to occur. Although knowledge is increasing about the location and behavior of elk in the SGYA, predicting spatiotemporal overlap between elk and cattle requires locations of livestock operations and observations of elk contact by producers. We queried all producers in a three-county area using a questionnaire designed to determine location of cattle and whether producers saw elk comingle with their animals...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Carolyn L McCarty, Leigh Nelson, Samantha Eitniear, Eric Zgodzinski, Amanda Zabala, Laurie Billing, Mary DiOrio
On August 1, 2014, routine testing at the Collins Park Water Treatment Plant in Lucas County, Ohio, revealed microcystin toxin levels in drinking water had reached 3.19 μg/L, surpassing the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drinking water advisory threshold of 1.0 μg/L. Microcystin is a hepatoxin released by cyanobacteria in certain harmful algal blooms. Exposure to microcystin has been associated with gastrointestinal and hepatic illness in both humans and animals (1-3). On August 2, a do-not-drink advisory was issued, warning community members not to drink, boil, or use the water for cooking or brushing teeth...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Surabhi Bhutani, Dale A Schoeller, Matthew C Walsh, Christine McWilliams
PURPOSE: We investigated the associations between frequency of eating at fast-food, fast-casual, all-you-can-eat, and sit-down restaurants and the body mass index (BMI) in non-large metro Wisconsin communities. To inform prevention efforts, we also analyzed the socioeconomic/environmental and nutrition attitudes/behavior variables that may drive the frequent eating away from home. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of an ancillary data set from the Survey of Health of Wisconsin collected between October 2012 and February 2013...
August 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michael R Kramer, Ilana G Raskind, Miriam E Van Dyke, Stephen A Matthews, Jessica N Cook-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Obesity remains a significant threat to the current and long-term health of U.S. adolescents. The authors developed county-level estimates of adolescent obesity for the contiguous U.S., and then explored the association between 23 conceptually derived area-based correlates of adolescent obesity and ecologic obesity prevalence. METHODS: Multilevel small area regression methods applied to the 2007 and 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health produced county-level obesity prevalence estimates for children aged 10-17 years...
August 20, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee, Hui Rong, Deborah Murray
BACKGROUND: Online eLearning may be an innovative, efficient, and cost-effective method of providing nutrition education to a diverse low-income audience. AIMS: The intent of this project is to examine perceptions of nutrition educators regarding the feasibility of an eLearning nutrition education program tailored to low-income Georgians. METHOD: Semistructured individual interviews were conducted, guided by the constructivist theory. The interview guide focused on three themes: accessibility, literacy, and content...
August 9, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Abigail R Koch, Deborah Rosenberg, Stacie E Geller
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether being pregnant or postpartum was associated with excess risk for homicide among females in Illinois and to describe the association between pregnancy status and homicide by race, ethnicity, and age group. METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicohort, ecologic study of females of reproductive age in Illinois between 2002 and 2011 using Illinois Department of Public Health maternal mortality data and vital records data. We compared pregnancy-associated homicides with live births using χ tests...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Suzanne G McLone, Antigone Kouvelis, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among Illinois residents aged 15 to 24 years. The Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS) was developed to help prevent these deaths by providing timely, complete data. Understanding the circumstances surrounding suicide for those aged 15 to 24 years who are not receiving mental health treatment can help others: (1) recognize signs of potential crisis and (2) connect them to mental health treatment. METHODS: The IVDRS data were collected from five Illinois counties-Cook, DuPage, Kane, McHenry, and Peoria-from 2005 to 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Hae Ji Kang, Se Hun Gu, Joseph A Cook, Richard Yanagihara
Novel hantaviruses, recently detected in moles (order Eulipotyphla, family Talpidae) from Europe, Asia, and North America would predict a broader host range and wider ecological diversity. Employing RT-PCR, archival frozen tissues from the Chinese shrew mole (Uropsilus soricipes), broad-footed mole (Scapanus latimanus), coast mole (Scapanus orarius), Townsend's mole (Scapanus townsendii), and long-tailed mole (Scaptonyx fusicaudus) were analyzed for hantavirus RNA. Following multiple attempts, a previously unrecognized hantavirus, designated Dahonggou Creek virus (DHCV), was detected in a long-tailed mole, captured in Shimian County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China, in August 1989...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
David N Goldberg, Anne J Krantz, Sara Semal, Huiyuan Zhang, William E Trick
The objective of this study is to determine the rate and predictors of sustained smoking cessation for a cohort of smokers exposed to a guideline-based health education program delivered during routine clinical care at an urban public hospital. This is a retrospective analysis of 755 public hospital system patients who had at least two health educator contacts embedded in routine clinical care, with the latter contact 12-18 months after the baseline. The education occurred during visits to primary care, specialty clinics, urgent/episodic care, or during hospitalization...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Akm Fell, R Abrahamsen, P K Henneberger, M V Svendsen, E Andersson, K Torén, J Kongerud
BACKGROUND: The current knowledge on respiratory work disability is based on studies that used crude categories of exposure. This may lead to a loss of power, and does not provide sufficient information to allow targeted workplace interventions and follow-up of patients with respiratory symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify occupations and specific exposures associated with respiratory work disability. METHODS: In 2013, a self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of the general population, aged 16-50, in Telemark County, Norway...
September 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lauren E Riedel, Colleen L Barry, Emma E McGinty, Sachini N Bandara, Daniel W Webster, Robert E Toone, Haiden A Huskamp
The Affordable Care Act has created an unprecedented opportunity to enroll criminal justice-involved individuals in Medicaid. Many jurisdictions within Medicaid expansion states are launching efforts to enroll this population in health insurance and provide connections to services in the community. This study examined one early initiative to enroll individuals in Medicaid during the intake process at the Cook County Jail in Illinois. Several elements were identified as critical to the program's success: key early planning decisions made within the context of a cross-agency group, a high level of dedication among partnering organization leaders, program buy-in among security personnel, and the unique way in which Cook County verifies inmate identity for Medicaid enrollment purposes...
July 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Sheila F Castañeda, Rebeca E Giacinto, Elizabeth A Medeiros, Ilana Brongiel, Olga Cardona, Patricia Perez, Gregory A Talavera
This collaborative study sought to address Latina breast cancer (BC) disparities by increasing health literacy (HL) in a community health center situated on the US-Mexico border region of San Diego County. An academic-community partnership conducted formative research to develop a culturally tailored promotora-based intervention with 109 individuals. The Spanish language program, entitled Nuestra Cocina: Mesa Buena, Vida Sana (Our Kitchen: Good Table, Healthy Life), included six sessions targeting HL, women's health, BC risk reduction, and patient-provider communication; sessions include cooking demonstrations of recipes with cancer-risk-reducing ingredients...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Cristina J Palmer, Matthew Houlihan, Sarah P Psutka, K Alexandria Ellis, Patricia Vidal, Courtney M P Hollowell
OBJECTIVE: To review a single institution's 15-year experience with urethral foreign bodies, including evaluation, clinical findings, and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 27 patients comprising 35 episodes of inserted urethral foreign bodies were reviewed at Cook County Hospital between 2000 and 2015. Retrospective chart review was performed to describe the clinical presentation, rationale for insertion, management, recidivism, and sequelae. RESULTS: Median patient age was 26 (range 12-60)...
May 31, 2016: Urology
Maya Tabet, Louise H Flick, Cynthia A L Cook, Hong Xian, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Young maternal age at first birth has been associated with poor mental health. However, few studies directly compared the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescent versus adult mothers at first birth using a comprehensive diagnostic tool. This study examined the association between age at first birth and 22 current and lifetime psychiatric disorders in a cohort of low-income pregnant women. METHODS: The sample consisted of 744 low-income currently pregnant women who were Medicaid-eligible and enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Saint Louis City and 5 rural counties in Southeastern Missouri...
August 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Yingying Liu, Bin Wang, Zhiwen Li, Le Zhang, Jufen Liu, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: Shanxi Province is a region in China with a high incidence of orofacial clefts (OFCs). Our objective is to investigate the effect of maternal exposure to indoor air pollution (IAP) from coal combustion and tobacco smoke on the risk of an infant being born with orofacial clefts. METHODS: Data were derived from an ongoing population-based case-control study of major external structural birth defects in Shanxi Province. Subjects included 213 cases with OFCs and 1319 healthy babies born between November 2002 and December 2014 in four rural counties...
August 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is a public health issue for residents of multi-unit housing (MUH) properties. We evaluated the impact of smoke-free policy implementation on reported SHS exposure among racially, ethnically diverse seniors living in low-income MUH properties. In Spring 2013 and Summer 2014, we surveyed residents (n = 960) at 15 MUH properties in Broward and Miami-Dade Counties, Florida. The percentage of residents reporting SHS exposure within their apartments from elsewhere in or around their building decreased from 31...
May 17, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jessica L Tingle, Susan C Cook-Patton, Anurag A Agrawal
Biological control agents may have unintended effects on native biota, particularly species that are closely related to the target invader. Here, we explored how Chrysolina quadrigemina, a beetle introduced to control the invasive weed Hypericum perforatum, impacts native H. punctatum in Tompkins County, New York, USA. Using a suite of complementary field surveys and experimental manipulations, we examined beetle preference for native and exotic Hypericum species and whether beetle herbivory influences the spatial distribution of H...
2016: PeerJ
Whitney J Clegg, Purisima C Linchangco, M Allison Arwady, Mabel Frias, Kelley Bemis, Andrew J Beron, Justin P Albertson, Craig Conover, Heather Reid, Lori Saathoff-Huber, Fredrick Echols, Rachel Rubin, Demian Christiansen
BACKGROUND: During January-February 2015, Cook County Department of Public Health led an investigation of a measles outbreak predominantly affecting infants at a child care center who were too young for routine immunization with measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. METHODS: Measles cases and contacts were investigated by Illinois public health officials. Cases were isolated for 4 days after rash onset. Exposed healthcare workers and child care center staff were required to provide documentation of receipt of 2 doses of MMR vaccine or laboratory evidence of immunity to return to work...
March 24, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
K J Suda, U C Patel, R Sabzwari, L Cao, S Ramanathan, J N Hill, C T Evans
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of bacterial susceptibilities in Veterans with SCI/D as compared to a general patient population. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the prevalence and susceptibility of bacteria isolated from spinal cord injury and disorder (SCI/D) patients as compared with a general patient population and determine whether a SCI/D-specific antibiogram, a report of bacterial susceptibilities used to guide empiric antibiotic selection, would be a useful stewardship tool...
March 22, 2016: Spinal Cord
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