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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841405/experimental-infection-of-common-eider-ducklings-with-wellfleet-bay-virus-a-newly-characterized-orthomyxovirus
#1
Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Hon Sang Ip, Anne Ballmann, Jeffrey S Hall, Andrew B Allison, Jennifer Ballard, Julie C Ellis, Robert Cook, Samantha E J Gibbs, Chris Dwyer
Wellfleet Bay virus (WFBV), a novel orthomyxovirus in the genus Quaranjavirus, was first isolated in 2006 from carcasses of common eider (Somateria mollissima) during a mortality event in Wellfleet Bay (Barnstable County, Massachusetts, USA) and has since been repeatedly isolated during recurrent mortality events in this location. Hepatic, pancreatic, splenic, and intestinal necrosis were observed in dead eiders. We inoculated 6-week-old common eider ducklings with WFBV in an attempt to recreate the naturally occurring disease...
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834541/sudden-unexpected-deaths-due-to-intracranial-meningioma-presentation-of-six-fatal-cases-review-of-the-literature-and-a-discussion-of-the-mechanisms-of-death
#2
Lorenzo Gitto, Giorgio Bolino, Stephen J Cina
Deaths due to meningiomas are routinely diagnosed in clinical practice because this neoplasm tends to present with the typical progression of neurological deficits. On the other hand, sudden unexpected deaths due to meningiomas are rarely described in the literature. The study presents six fatal cases of previously undiagnosed intracranial meningiomas from the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office from 1998 to 2014. The most common explanation of the mechanism of sudden death due to intracranial neoplasms is a rapid increase in intracranial pressure produced by the mass effect of the neoplasm...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737957/investigating-factors-influencing-pedestrian-injury-severity-at-intersections
#3
Zhuanglin Ma, Xi Lu, Steven I-Jy Chien, Dawei Hu
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle crashes that involve pedestrians at intersections have been reported occasionally. Pedestrian injury severity in these crashes is significantly related to driver and pedestrian attributes, vehicle characteristics, and the geometry of intersections. Identifying factors associated with pedestrian injury severity (PIS) is critical for reducing crashes and improving safety. For developing the proposed probit models, drivers involved in crashes are classified into 3 groups: young drivers (16 ≤ age ≤ 24), middle-aged drivers (25 ≤ age ≤ 64), and older drivers (age ≥ 65)...
July 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692394/using-an-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-evaluate-reporting-of-potential-rabies-exposures-illinois-2013-2015
#4
Kelley Bemis, Mabel Frias, Megan Toth Patel, Demian Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: Mandatory reporting of potential rabies exposures and initiation of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) allow local health authorities to monitor PEP administration for errors. Our objectives were to use an emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance system to (1) estimate reporting compliance for exposure to rabies in suburban Cook County, Illinois, and (2) initiate interventions to improve reporting and reassess compliance. METHODS: We queried ED records from 45 acute care hospitals in Cook County and surrounding areas from January 1, 2013, through June 30, 2015, for chief complaints or discharge diagnoses pertaining to rabies, PEP, or contact with a wild mammal (eg, bat, raccoon, skunk, fox, or coyote)...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592095/-the-epidemic-status-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-chinese-adolescents-aged-10-17-years-in-2010-2012
#5
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, W T Yu, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To invesigate the epidemic status of the metabolic syndrome (MS) among mainland Chinese adolescents aged 10-17 in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Multi-stage stratified proportion to the population cluster random sampling method was conducted to determine 16 872 adolescents in 150 counties from 31 provinces in mainland China. The epidemic status of metabolic syndrome was analyzed by China criterion (defined by Chinese Pediatric Society, Chinese Medical Association) and Cook criterion, respectively...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557844/child-deaths-of-undetermined-intent-an-analysis-of-circumstances-using-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system-data
#6
Han-Wei Wu, Suzanne G McLone, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: There is little information available about the circumstances surrounding the deaths of children aged 0 to 14 years in which the manner of death is of undetermined intent. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System to describe victim demographics, location of injury, seasonality, day of week, and circumstances surrounding the victims' deaths. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2010 in Cook County, Illinois, 192 cases were identified of children aged 0 to 14 years, in which the manner of death was of undetermined intent...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties. However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
December 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542242/-we-do-not-bury-dead-livestock-like-human-beings-community-behaviors-and-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-infection-in-baringo-county-kenya
#8
Edna N Mutua, Salome A Bukachi, Bernard K Bett, Benson A Estambale, Isaac K Nyamongo
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley Fever (RVF), is a viral zoonotic disease transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. In Kenya, its occurrence is associated with increased rains. In Baringo County, RVF was first reported in 2006-2007 resulting in 85 human cases and 5 human deaths, besides livestock losses and livelihood disruptions. This study sought to investigate the county's current RVF risk status. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of RVF was conducted through a mixed methods approach utilizing a questionnaire survey (n = 560) and 26 focus group discussions (n = 231)...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506507/syndrome-surveillance-of-fentanyl-laced-heroin-outbreaks-utilization-of-ems-medical-examiner-and-poison-center-databases
#9
P Quincy Moore, Joseph Weber, Steven Cina, Steven Aks
OBJECTIVE: Describe surveillance data from three existing surveillance systems during an unexpected fentanyl outbreak in a large metropolitan area. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of three data sets: Chicago Fire Department EMS, Cook County Medical Examiner, and Illinois Poison Center. Each included data from January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015. EMS data included all EMS responses in Chicago, Illinois, for suspected opioid overdose in which naloxone was administered and EMS personnel documented other criteria indicative of opioid overdose...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501676/does-the-implementation-of-evidence-based-and-culturally-competent-practices-reduce-disparities-in-addiction-treatment-outcomes
#10
Erick G Guerrero, Bryan R Garner, Benjamin Cook, Yinfei Kong
RATIONALE: Research is limited on the extent to which implementation of evidence-based and culturally responsive practices reduces outcome disparities in substance use disorder treatment. We examined the role of contingency management treatment (CMT), medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and culturally competent practices on Mexican Americans' rate of successful completion of treatment. METHODS: We analyzed a concatenated dataset from 153 publicly funded substance use disorder treatment programs in Los Angeles County, California, in 2011 and 2013...
October 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432210/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-complex-intervention-to-reduce-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-the-home
#11
Elena Ratschen, Rebecca Thorley, Laura Jones, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Juliette Cook, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Tim Coleman, Sarah Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Exposing children to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) causes significant harm and occurs predominantly through smoking by caregivers in the family home. We report a trial of a complex intervention designed to reduce secondhand smoke exposure of children whose primary caregiver feels unable or unwilling to quit smoking. DESIGN: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Deprived communities in Nottingham City and County, England PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers resident in Nottingham City and County in England who were at least 18 years old, the main caregiver of a child aged under 5 years living in their household, and reported that they were smoking tobacco inside their home...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420547/types-and-characteristics-of-fish-and-seafood-provisioning-scripts-used-by-rural-midlife-adults
#12
Stephanie M Bostic, Jeffery Sobal, Carole A Bisogni, Juliet M Monclova
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural New York State consumers' cognitive scripts for fish and seafood provisioning. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design with in-depth, semistructured interviews. SETTING: Three rural New York State counties. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n = 31) with diverse fish-related experiences were purposefully recruited. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Scripts describing fish and seafood acquisition, preparation, and eating out...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388625/poor-performance-of-the-rapid-test-for-human-brucellosis-in-health-facilities-in-kenya
#13
William A de Glanville, Raquel Conde-Álvarez, Ignacio Moriyón, John Njeru, Ramón Díaz, Elizabeth A J Cook, Matilda Morin, Barend M de C Bronsvoort, Lian F Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre
Human brucellosis is considered to be an important but typically under-diagnosed cause of febrile illness in many low and middle-income countries. In Kenya, and throughout East Africa, laboratory diagnosis for the disease is based primarily on the febrile antigen Brucella agglutination test (FBAT), yet few studies of the diagnostic accuracy of this test exist. Assessment of the performance of the FBAT is essential for its appropriate clinical use, as well as for evaluating surveillance data reported by public health systems...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374272/characteristics-and-impacts-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Yuchen Wang, B M Attar, K Hinami, H E Fuentes, P Jaiswal, H Zhang, C S Simons-Linares, A J Tafur
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication in cancer patients, and is associated with worse prognosis in such population. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) poses high risk for VTE; however, data is scarce regarding the characteristics and consequences of VTE in HCC patients. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) of 270 patients diagnosed with HCC from 2000 to 2015 in Cook County Health and Hospitals System...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342951/a-model-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-precancerous-lesions-in-regions-of-high-prevalence-in-china
#15
Mengfei Liu, Zhen Liu, Hong Cai, Chuanhai Guo, Xiang Li, Chaoting Zhang, Hui Wang, Dong Hang, Fangfang Liu, Qiuju Deng, Xin Yang, Wenqing Yuan, Yaqi Pan, Jingjing Li, Chanyuan Zhang, Na Shen, Zhonghu He, Yang Ke
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to develop a population-based model to identify individuals at high risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in regions of China with a high prevalence of this cancer. METHODS: We collected findings from 15,073 permanent residents (45-69 years old) of 334 randomly selected villages in Hua County, Henan Province, China who underwent endoscopic screening (with iodine staining) for ESCC from January 2012 through September 2015...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#16
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256283/cooking-at-home-a-strategy-to-comply-with-u-s-dietary-guidelines-at-no-extra-cost
#17
Arpita Tiwari, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Adam Drewnowski
INTRODUCTION: Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study used a stratified random sample of 437 King County adults. In-person computer-assisted interviews collected sociodemographic and behavioral data during 2011-2013. HEI-2010 and 2005 were computed using Food Frequency Questionnaires...
May 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141892/differential-effects-of-air-conditioning-type-on-residential-endotoxin-levels-in-a-semi-arid-climate
#18
J D Johnston, B A Kruman, M C Nelson, R M Merrill, R J Graul, T G Hoybjerg, S C Tuttle, S J Myers, R B Cook, K S Weber
Residential endotoxin exposure is associated with protective and pathogenic health outcomes. Evaporative coolers, an energy-efficient type of air conditioner used in dry climates, are a potential source of indoor endotoxins; however, this association is largely unstudied. We collected settled dust biannually from four locations in homes with evaporative coolers (n=18) and central air conditioners (n=22) in Utah County, Utah (USA), during winter (Jan-Apr) and summer (Aug-Sept), 2014. Dust samples (n=281) were analyzed by the Limulus amebocyte lysate test...
September 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114435/undertriage-of-firearm-related-injuries-in-a-major-metropolitan-area
#19
Allison Lale, Allison Krajewski, Lee S Friedman
Importance: National anatomic triage criteria prescribe specific transport rules for injured patients. However, there is limited information about patients with firearm-related injuries undertriaged to nondesignated facilities (ie, hospitals without specialized trauma teams or units), including what clinical outcomes are achieved and how many are transferred to a higher level of care. Without these data, it is difficult to make informed regional or national policy decisions about triage practices...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936627/profiling-the-serum-albumin-cys34-adductome-of-solid-fuel-users-in-xuanwei-and-fuyuan-china
#20
Sixin S Lu, Hasmik Grigoryan, William M B Edmands, Wei Hu, Anthony T Iavarone, Alan Hubbard, Nathaniel Rothman, Roel Vermeulen, Qing Lan, Stephen M Rappaport
Xuanwei and Fuyuan counties in China have the highest lung cancer rates in the world due to household air pollution from combustion of smoky coal for cooking and heating. To discover potential biomarkers of indoor combustion products, we profiled adducts at the Cys34 locus of human serum albumin (HSA) in 29 nonsmoking Xuanwei and Fuyuan females who used smoky coal, smokeless coal, or wood and 10 local controls who used electricity or gas fuel. Our untargeted "adductomics" method detected 50 tryptic peptides of HSA, containing Cys34 and prominent post-translational modifications...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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