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protein trafficking in inherited renal diseases

Tanja Vukićević, Maike Schulz, Dörte Faust, Enno Klussmann
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP) stimulates the redistribution of water channels, aquaporin-2 (AQP2) from intracellular vesicles into the plasma membrane of renal collecting duct principal cells. By this AVP directs 10% of the water reabsorption from the 170 L of primary urine that the human kidneys produce each day. This review discusses molecular mechanisms underlying the AVP-induced redistribution of AQP2; in particular, it provides an overview over the proteins participating in the control of its localization...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
P C B Pereira, D M Miranda, E A Oliveira, A C Simões E Silva
Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is characterized by metabolic acidosis due to renal impaired acid excretion. Hyperchloremic acidosis with normal anion gap and normal or minimally affected glomerular filtration rate defines this disorder. RTA can also present with hypokalemia, medullary nephrocalcinosis and nephrolitiasis, as well as growth retardation and rickets in children, or short stature and osteomalacia in adults. In the past decade, remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of RTA and the fundamental molecular physiology of renal tubular transport processes...
March 2009: Current Genomics
Scott J Schurman, Steven J Scheinman
Abnormalities in the central nervous system and renal function are seen together in a variety of congenital syndromes. This Review examines the clinical presentation and the genetic basis of several such syndromes. The X-linked oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe is characterized by developmental delay, blindness, renal tubular dysfunction, and progressive renal failure. This syndrome results from mutations in the OCRL gene, which encodes a phosphatase involved in endosomal trafficking. Mutations in OCRL also occur in Dent disease, which has a milder disease phenotype than Lowe syndrome...
September 2009: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus, Saranya Kittanakom, Nanyawan Rungroj, Emmanuelle Cordat, Reinhart A F Reithmeier
Mutations of SLC4A1 (AE1) encoding the kidney anion (Cl(-)/HCO(3) (-)) exchanger 1 (kAE1 or band 3) can result in either autosomal dominant (AD) or autosomal recessive (AR) distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). The molecular mechanisms associated with SLC4A1 mutations resulting in these different modes of inheritance are now being unveiled using transfected cell systems. The dominant mutants kAE1 R589H, R901X and S613F, which have normal or insignificant changes in anion transport function, exhibit intracellular retention with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) localization in cultured non-polarized and polarized cells, while the dominant mutants kAE1 R901X and G609R are mis-targeted to apical membrane in addition to the basolateral membrane in cultured polarized cells...
2005: Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine: An International Journal of Biomedical Research
Anthony G W Norden, Sharon C Gardner, William Van't Hoff, Robert J Unwin
BACKGROUND: Lysosomal enzymuria is usually considered to be a non-specific marker of renal injury, but little is known about lysosomal enzyme excretion in renal proximal tubular cell disorders such as the renal Fanconi syndrome (FS). We examined excretion of two lysosomal enzymes and the cation-independent mannose-6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR) in patients with inherited FS. METHODS: The lysosomal enzyme cathepsin D was measured by ELISA and isolated by pepstatin-agarose affinity chromatography; N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) was assayed colorimetrically, as was the cytosolic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)...
September 2008: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Céline Delaloy, Juliette Hadchouel, Martine Imbert-Teboul, Maud Clemessy, Anne-Marie Houot, Xavier Jeunemaitre
Large deletions in WNK1 are associated with inherited arterial hypertension. WNK1 encodes two types of protein: a kidney-specific isoform (KS-WNK1) lacking kinase activity and a ubiquitously expressed full-length isoform (L-WNK1) with serine threonine kinase activity. Disease is thought to result from hypermorphic mutations increasing the production of one or both isoforms. However, the pattern of L-WNK1 expression remains poorly characterized. We generated transgenic mice bearing a murine WNK1 BAC containing the nlacZ reporter gene for monitoring L-WNK1 expression during development and adulthood...
July 2006: American Journal of Pathology
Saranya Kittanakom, Thitima Keskanokwong, Varaporn Akkarapatumwong, Pa-thai Yenchitsomanus, Reinhart A F Reithmeier
Kanadaptin (kidney anion exchanger adaptor protein) is a widely expressed protein, shown previously to interact with the cytosolic domain of mouse Cl-/HCO3- anion exchanger 1 (kAE1) but not erythroid AE1 (eAE1) by a yeast-two hybrid assay. Kanadaptin was co-localized with kAE1 in intracellular membranes but not at the plasma membrane in alpha-intercalated cells of rabbit kidney. It was suggested that kanadaptin is an adaptor protein or chaperone involved in targeting kAE1 to the plasma membrane. To test this hypothesis, the interaction of human kanadaptin with human kAE1 was studied in co-transfected HEK293 cells...
November 2004: Molecular Membrane Biology
Janne A Quilty, Jing Li, Reinhart A Reithmeier
Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is an inherited disease characterized by the failure of the kidneys to appropriately acidify urine and is associated with mutations in the anion exchanger (AE)1 gene. The effect of the R589H dRTA mutation on the expression of the human erythroid AE1 and the truncated kidney form (kAE1) was examined in transfected human embryonic kidney 293 cells. AE1, AE1 R589H, and kAE1 were present at the cell surface, whereas kAE1 R589H was located primarily intracellularly as shown by immunofluorescence, cell surface biotinylation, N-glycosylation, and anion transport assays...
May 2002: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
I Zelikovic
Inherited tubular transport disorders comprise a group of diseases that lead to profound derangements in the homeostasis of electrolytes, minerals, or organic solutes in the body. In the past decade remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of hereditary tubulopathies and the fundamental molecular physiology of renal tubular transport processes. This review summarizes hereditary diseases caused by mutations in genes encoding transporter or channel proteins operating along the renal tubule...
November 2001: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
V A Luyckx, F O Goda, D B Mount, T Nishio, A Hall, S C Hebert, T G Hammond, A S Yu
Dent's disease, an inherited disorder characterized by hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, rickets, low-molecular-weight proteinuria, Fanconi's syndrome, and renal failure, is caused by mutations in the renal chloride channel, CLC5. The normal role of CLC5 is unknown. We have investigated the intrarenal and subcellular localization of CLC5 in rat kidney by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. By in situ hybridization, CLC5 mRNA was detected predominantly in cortical medullary ray and outer medullary tubule epithelial cells...
November 1998: American Journal of Physiology
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