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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789670/noise-estimation-model-development-using-high-resolution-transportation-and-land-use-regression
#1
Omer Harouvi, Eran Ben-Elia, Roni Factor, Kees de Hoogh, Itai Kloog
Noise pollution is a common phenomenon of the 21st century. Noise prediction models tend to estimate noise levels mainly from road traffic sources (such as cars, public transportation etc.). This paper describes the adoption of land use regression (LUR) modeling methodology to assess noise pollution in two periods of the day (rush hour and off-peak), in two major cities in Israel (Tel Aviv and Beer Sheva). For both rush hour and off-peak times, 20 min short term measurements were used to develop a LUR noise estimation model...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785939/exploring-an-integrative-patient-tailored-complementary-medicine-approach-for-chemotherapy-induced-taste-disorders
#2
Eran Ben-Arye, Ilana Doweck, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT: Chemotherapy-induced taste disorder (CITD) is a common adverse effect among patients with cancer, with no effective known treatment. OBJECTIVES: Exploring the impact of a patient-tailored complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) treatment program on CITD-related severity. DESIGN: Prospective study on patients' chart. SETTING: Integrative oncology program operating within the Clalit Healthcare Oncology Service in northern Israel...
April 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#3
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766303/comparison-between-laparoscopic-and-open-hartmann-s-reversal-results-of-a-decade-long-multicenter-retrospective-study
#4
Nir Horesh, Yonatan Lessing, Yaron Rudnicki, Ilan Kent, Haguy Kammar, Almog Ben-Yaacov, Yael Dreznik, Shmuel Avital, Eli Mavor, Nir Wasserberg, Hanoch Kashtan, Joseph Klausner, Mordechai Gutman, Oded Zmora, Hagit Tulchinsky
BACKGROUND: Hartmann's reversal is a challenging surgical procedure with significant postoperative morbidity rates. Various surgical methods have been suggested to lower the risk of postoperative complications. In this study, we aimed to compare the postoperative results between open and laparoscopic techniques for Hartmann's reversal. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent Hartmann's reversal in five centers in central Israel between January 2004 and June 2015 was conducted...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750768/dynamics-of-severe-and-non-severe-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-young-children-in-israel-following-pcv7-pcv13-introduction
#5
Daniel Glikman, Ron Dagan, Galia Barkai, Diana Averbuch, Alex Guri, Noga Givon-Lavi, Shalom Ben-Shimol
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) resulted in a substantial reduction of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) rates. However, impact on non-severe IPD (mostly occult bacteremia) has not yet been fully elucidated.We assessed severe and non-severe IPD (SIPD and NSIPD, respectively) rate dynamics in children <5 years in Israel before and after PCV7/PCV13 implementation. METHODS: A prospective, population-based, nationwide surveillance...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746000/pericarditis-among-giant-cell-arteritis-patients-from-myth-to-reality
#6
Shmuel Tiosano, Yehuda Adler, Shir Azrielant, Yarden Yavne, Omer Gendelman, Dana Ben-Ami Shor, Doron Comaneshter, Guy Shalom, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology affecting adults age > 50 years. GCA (also known as temporal arteritis) is a vasculitis of large and medium-size vessels that involves the extracranial branches of the carotid artery. Common manifestations include constitutional symptoms, headache, jaw claudication, scalp tenderness, and vision loss. Cardiac involvement in GCA is considered to be as low as 5%, and < 30 cases of pericarditis among GCA patients have been reported in the literature...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726127/thermal-imaging-as-a-tool-for-evaluating-tumor-treatment-efficacy
#7
Oshrit A Hoffer, Merav A Ben-David, Eyal Katz, Dana Zoltnik Kirshenabum, Dror Alezra, Yair Zimmer, Itzhak Kelson, Israel Gannot
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women in the Western world. Thermography is a nonionizing, noninvasive, portable, and low-cost method that can be used in an outpatient clinic. It was tried as a tool to detect breast cancer tumors, however, it had too many false readings. Thermography has been extensively studied as a breast cancer detection tool but was not used as a treatment monitoring tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using thermal imaging as a feedback system to optimize radiation therapy...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706435/decreasing-urinary-organophosphate-pesticide-metabolites-among-pregnant-women-and-their-offspring-in-jerusalem-impact-of-regulatory-restrictions-on-agricultural-op-use
#8
Eliana Ein-Mor, Zivanit Ergaz-Shaltiel, Tamar Berman, Thomas Göen, Juma Natsheh, Avraham Ben-Chetrit, Ronit Haimov-Kochman, Ronit Calderon-Margalit
INTRODUCTION: Maternal urinary levels of dialkyl phosphate (DAP) metabolites of organophosphate pesticides (OP) during pregnancy are associated with adverse outcomes in the offspring. Between 2012 and 2014, eighteen active OP ingredients were restricted or banned in Israel for agricultural use. AIM: We aimed to study trends of urinary DAP metabolites among pregnant women and their offspring in the era of the new regulations. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited at 11-18 weeks of gestation and provided spot urine samples (n = 273)...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688636/-critical-evaluation-of-the-ability-to-diagnose-periprosthetic-infection-in-a-medical-system-in-israel
#9
Raviv Allon, Nofar Ben Basat, Alexander Puhov, Yaron Zaulan, Ronit Wollstein
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic joint infection is a dangerous complication of joint replacement arthroplasty. Besides its catastrophic consequences, differentiating a deep infection from other complications is not always trivial due to lack of clinical signs of infection, inaccurate tests, lab-dependent analysis, variable normal values and ongoing dispute in the literature regarding the recommended diagnosis algorithm. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnosis algorithm in our medical center...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686383/the-il-33-pin1-irak-m-axis-is-critical-for-type-2-immunity-in-il-33-induced-allergic-airway-inflammation
#10
Morris Nechama, Jeahoo Kwon, Shuo Wei, Adrian Tun Kyi, Robert S Welner, Iddo Z Ben-Dov, Mohamed S Arredouani, John M Asara, Chun-Hau Chen, Cheng-Yu Tsai, Kyle F Nelson, Koichi S Kobayashi, Elliot Israel, Xiao Zhen Zhou, Linda K Nicholson, Kun Ping Lu
Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is among the earliest-released cytokines in response to allergens that orchestrate type 2 immunity. The prolyl cis-trans isomerase PIN1 is known to induce cytokines for eosinophil survival and activation by stabilizing cytokines mRNAs, but the function of PIN1 in upstream signaling pathways in asthma is unknown. Here we show that interleukin receptor associated kinase M (IRAK-M) is a PIN1 target critical for IL-33 signaling in allergic asthma. NMR analysis and docking simulations suggest that PIN1 might regulate IRAK-M conformation and function in IL-33 signaling...
April 23, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665222/first-keep-it-safe-integration-of-a-complementary-medicine-service-within-a-hospital
#11
Elad Schiff, Ilana Levy, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Samuel Attias
OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to explore risk/safety considerations associated with the integration of a complementary medicine (CM) service within a public academic medical centre in Israel. METHODS: We reviewed various sources pertaining to the CM service (interviews with CM staff, patients' electronic charts, service guidelines, correspondence with hospital administration) and conducted a thematic analysis to evaluate safety-related incidents during the 7 years of operation...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655626/a-toddler-pcv-booster-dose-following-3-infancy-priming-doses-increases-circulating-serotype-specific-igg-levels-but-does-not-increase-protection-against-carriage
#12
Ron Dagan, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Birgit Simell, David Greenberg, Nurith Porat, Helena Käyhty, Noga Givon-Lavi
BACKGROUND: We compared PCV7 serological response and protection against carriage in infants receiving 3 doses (2, 4, 6 months; 3+0 schedule) to those receiving a booster (12 months; 3+1). METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled study, conducted between 2005 and 2008, before PCVs were implemented in Israel. Healthy infants were randomized 1:1:1 to receive 3+1, 3+0 and 0+2 (control group; 12, 18 months doses). Nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs were obtained at all visits...
April 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650567/genome-sequence-of-a-multidrug-resistant-candida-haemulonii-isolate-from-a-patient-with-chronic-leg-ulcers-in-israel
#13
Nancy A Chow, Lalitha Gade, Dhwani Batra, Lori A Rowe, Phalasy Juieng, Ronen Ben-Ami, Vladimir N Loparev, Anastasia P Litvintseva
Candida haemulonii is an emerging multidrug-resistant yeast that can cause invasive candidiasis. Here, we report the first genome sequence of C. haemulonii (isolate B11899) generated using PacBio sequencing technology. The estimated genome size was 13.3 Mb, with a GC content of 45.19%.
April 12, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643158/is-an-enhanced-behaviour-change-intervention-cost-effective-compared-with-physiotherapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-from-a-multicentre-trial-in-israel
#14
Alastair Canaway, Tamar Pincus, Martin Underwood, Yair Shapiro, Gabriel Chodick, Noa Ben-Ami
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of an enhanced transtheoretical model of behaviour change in conjunction with physiotherapy compared with standard care (physiotherapy) in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses alongside a multicentre controlled trial from a healthcare perspective with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: The trial was conducted in eight centres within the Sharon district in Israel...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629731/the-effect-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-on-recruitment-and-function-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-patients-with-congestive-heart-failure
#15
Amos Levi, Dorit Leshem-Lev, Adaya Weissler-Snir, Tal Hasin, Israel Mats, Daniel Murninkas, Ran Kornowski, Eli I Lev, Tuvia Ben-Gal
BACKGROUND: Circulating endothelial progenitor cells have an important role in the process of vascular repair. Impaired recruitment and function of endothelial progenitor cells is related to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure. Endothelial progenitor cells have been shown to express the mineralocorticoid receptor. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists on endothelial progenitor cells in patients with heart failure...
April 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627950/molecular-based-diagnosis-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-is-associated-with-reduced-mortality
#16
Tomer Avni, Tanya Babich, Haim Ben-Zvi, Alaa Atamna, Dafna Yahav, Daniel Shepshelovich, Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Jihad Bishara
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) might result in overdiagnosis. The clinical outcomes of symptomatic CDI patients diagnosed by PCR remain uncertain. We aimed to determine whether patients whose diagnosis of CDI was based on PCR had different characteristics and clinical outcomes than those diagnosed by toxin immunoassay. Consecutive CDI patients, hospitalized at Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petah Tikva, Israel, between January 2013 and January 2016, were identified retrospectively and included in the study...
April 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607685/integrative-oncology-in-supportive-cancer-care-in-israel
#17
Ilanit Shalom-Sharabi, Moshe Frenkel, Opher Caspi, Gil Bar-Sela, Martine Toledano, Noah Samuels, Elad Schiff, Eran Ben-Arye
PURPOSE: Integrative oncology (IO) services provide complementary/integrative medicine (CIM) therapies to patients as part of their supportive cancer care. In this study, we examine and compare the structural, operational, financial and academic/research-related aspects of IO services in Israeli oncology centers. METHODS: The medical directors of seven Israeli IO programs completed questionnaires which explored the objectives and organizational features of their service within the context of supportive cancer care...
March 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605224/pediatric-burns-in-israeli-natives-versus-asylum-seekers-living-in-israel-lessons-learned
#18
Sivan Zissman, Matan Orgil, Oded Ben-Amotz, Eyal Gur, Ehud Arad, David Leshem
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. In early childhood, burns have a wide range of adverse long-term consequences ranging from functional impairment to psychological implications. Children from low-income and middle-income countries are at a higher risk of suffering from burn injuries. In the last 10 years the population of asylum seekers from low-income countries in Israel has increased dramatically. About 25,000 or 60% of asylum seekers are living in the Tel Aviv area, making up roughly 6% of the city's total population (about 405,000)...
March 28, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584789/the-effect-of-cag-repeats-length-on-differences-in-hirsutism-among-healthy-israeli-women-of-different-ethnicities
#19
Naomi Weintrob, Ori Eyal, Meital Slakman, Anat Segev Becker, Galit Israeli, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Shay Ben-Shachar
PURPOSE: Variations in the degree of hirsutism among women of different ethnic backgrounds may stem from multiple etiologies. Shorter length of the polymorphic CAG repeats of the androgen receptor (AR) gene may be associated with increased activity of the receptor leading to hirsutism. We hypothesized that there are ethnic differences in the degree of hirsutism that is unrelated to androgen levels among Israeli women, and that the CAG repeats length may contribute to these differences...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582946/-effects-of-cannabis-extract-premedication-on-anesthetic-depth
#20
Carlos Ibera, Ben Shalom, Fayez Saifi, Joshua Shruder, Elyad Davidson
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the world, used by approximately 2.7-4.9% of the world's population, and 7.6-10.2% of Israel's adults. During the past few years, legal systems around the world have enacted large scale adoption of the legalization of both medical and recreational cannabis. Anesthetists should therefore be prepared to treat patients who used cannabis and are undergoing elective or emergency operations. However, the interactions between cannabinoids and general anesthetic agents and the possible implications for patient care are not yet fully understood...
March 2018: Harefuah
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