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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437138/epidemiology-of-basil-downy-mildew
#1
Yigal Cohen, Yariv Ben-Naim, Lidan Falach, Evgenia Rubin
Basil downy mildew (BDM) caused by the oomycete Peronospora belbahrii is a destructive disease of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) worldwide. It has originated in Uganda in the 1930's and recently spread to Europe, Middle East, Americas and the Far East. Seed transmission may be responsible to its quick global spread. The pathogen attacks leaf blades, producing chlorotic lesions with ample dark asexual spores on the lower leaf surface. Oospores may occur in the mesophyll of infected leaves. The asexual spores germinate on a wet leaf surface within 2h and penetrate into the epidermis within 4h...
April 24, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416186/nutritional-deficiencies-four-years-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-are-supplements-required-for-a-lifetime
#2
Tair Ben-Porat, Ram Elazary, Ariela Goldenshluger, Shiri Sherf Dagan, Yoav Mintz, Ram Weiss
BACKGROUND: Data regarding long-term nutritional deficiencies following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies and supplement consumption 4 years post-LSG. SETTING: Hebrew University, Israel. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from preoperative and 1 and 4 years postoperative including anthropometric parameters, biochemical tests, and supplement intake...
March 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409718/older-adults-exposed-to-ongoing-versus-intense-time-limited-missile-attacks-differences-in-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Amit Shrira, Dov Shmotkin, Yuval Palgi, Yaakov Hoffman, Ehud Bodner, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Howard Litwin
OBJECTIVE: The potentially different psychological effects of ongoing trauma vis-à-vis an intense time-limited exposure to trauma have not been examined in older adults. Therefore, this study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and their health concomitants in two groups of older adults in Israel: those exposed to ongoing missile attacks and those exposed to an intense time-limited period of missile attacks. METHOD: In the third administration of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), 297 older adults reported ongoing exposure to missile attacks due to the Israel-Gaza conflict (mean age = 66...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383472/battlefield-pain-management-a-view-of-17-years-in-israel-defense-forces
#4
Avi Benov, Margaux M Salas, Helit Nakar, Ben Antebi, Bader Tarif, Avraham Yitzhak, Elon Glassberg
INTRODUCTION: Pain control in trauma is an integral part of treatment in combat casualty care (CCC). More soldiers injured on the battlefield will need analgesics for pain than those who will need life-saving interventions (LSI). It has been shown that early treatment of pain improves outcomes after traumatic injury, while inadequate treatment leads to higher rates of PTSD. The purpose of this article is to report the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps (IDF-MC) experience with point of injury (POI) use of analgesia...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334452/quantitative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-release-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-via-export-of-bull-semen-from-israel
#5
A Meyer, L Zamir, A Ben Yair Gilboa, B Gelman, D U Pfeiffer, T Vergne
Various foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus strains circulate in the Middle East, causing frequent episodes of FMD outbreaks among Israeli livestock. Since the virus is highly resistant in semen, artificial insemination with contaminated bull semen may lead to the infection of the receiver cow. As a non-FMD-free country with vaccination, Israel is currently engaged in trading bull semen only with countries of the same status. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of release of FMD virus through export of bull semen in order to estimate the risk for FMD-free countries considering purchasing Israeli bull semen...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330517/genetic-characterization-of-spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-in-questing-ixodid-ticks-collected-in-israel-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-their-infection
#6
Jessica Rose, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Moh A Alkhamis, Adi Ben-Nun, Itamar Lensky, Eyal Klement, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Ziad A Abdeen, Shimon Harrus
This study aimed to genetically characterize spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) in questing ixodid ticks from Israel and to identify risk factors associated with SFGR-positive ticks using molecular techniques and geographic information systems (GIS) analysis. 1039 ticks from the genus Rhipicephalus were collected during 2014. 109/1039 (10·49%) carried SFGR-DNA of either Rickettsia massiliae (95), 'Candidatus Rickettsia barbariae' (8) or Rickettsia conorii (6). Higher prevalence of SFGR was found in Rhipicephalus turanicus (18·00%) compared with Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (3·22%)...
March 23, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275895/-emotiplay-a-serious-game-for-learning-about-emotions-in-children-with-autism-results-of-a-cross-cultural-evaluation
#7
S Fridenson-Hayo, S Berggren, A Lassalle, S Tal, D Pigat, N Meir-Goren, H O'Reilly, S Ben-Zur, S Bölte, S Baron-Cohen, O Golan
Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) experience difficulties recognizing others' emotions and mental states. It has been shown that serious games (SG) can produce simplified versions of the socio-emotional world. The current study performed a cross-cultural evaluation (in the UK, Israel and Sweden) of Emotiplay's SG, a system aimed to teach emotion recognition (ER) to children with ASC in an entertaining, and intrinsically motivating way. Participants were 6-9 year olds with high functioning ASC who used the SG for 8-12 weeks...
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256747/elbasvir-grazoprevir-for-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-inherited-blood-disorders-a-phase-iii-study
#8
Christophe Hézode, Massimo Colombo, Marc Bourlière, Ulrich Spengler, Ziv Ben-Ari, Simone I Strasser, William M Lee, Leslie Morgan, Jingjun Qiu, Peggy Hwang, Michael Robertson, Bach-Yen Nguyen, Eliav Barr, Janice Wahl, Barbara Haber, Robert Chase, Rohit Talwani, Vito Di Marco
Direct-acting antiviral agents have not been studied exclusively in patients with inherited blood disorders and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The objective of the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III C-EDGE IBLD study was to assess the safety and efficacy of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in patients with inherited bleeding disorders and HCV infection. One hundred fifty-nine adults with HCV infection and sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, or hemophilia A/B or von Willebrand disease were enrolled at 31 study sites in the United States, Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, and Thailand...
March 3, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251612/diagnosis-of-deep-pelvic-masses-on-a-gynaecology-service-trans-vaginal-ultrasound-guided-needle-aspiration-of-pelvic-solid-and-cystic-lesions
#9
Ram Eitan, Yoav Peled, Gad Sabah, Haim Krissi, Avi Ben Haroush, Israel Meizner, David Danon, Ron Bardin, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Liat Salzer, Reuven Mashiach
OBJECTIVES: Women with undiagnosed pelvic lesions are often referred for evaluation and treatment. Transvaginal ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (TVUS-FNA) biopsy can assist in making management decisions. We describe our experience with this modality. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all women who had a TVUS-FNA biopsy between January 2004 and December 2014. Charts were reviewed for clinicopathologic information. The pathologic results of the TVUS-FNA were compared with the final diagnosis...
March 2, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242209/features-of-patients-with-hereditary-mixed-polyposis-syndrome-caused-by-duplication-of-grem1-and-implications-for-screening-and-surveillance
#10
S Lieberman, T Walsh, M Schechter, T Adar, E Goldin, R Beeri, N Sharon, H Baris, L Ben Avi, E Half, I Lerer, B H Shirts, C C Pritchard, I Tomlinson, M C King, E Levy-Lahad, T Peretz, Y Goldberg
Hereditary mixed polyposis syndrome is a rare colon cancer predisposition syndrome caused by a duplication of a non-coding sequence near the gremlin 1, DAN family BMP antagonist gene (GREM1) originally described in Ashkenazi Jews. Few families with GREM1 duplications have been described, so there are many questions about detection and management. We report 4 extended families with the duplication near GREM1 previously found in Ashkenazi Jews; 3 families were identified at cancer genetic clinics in Israel and 1 family was identified in a cohort of patients with familial colorectal cancer...
February 24, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219928/mitochondria-control-store-operated-ca-2-entry-through-na-and-redox-signals
#11
Tsipi Ben-Kasus Nissim, Xuexin Zhang, Assaf Elazar, Soumitra Roy, Judith A Stolwijk, Yandong Zhou, Rajender K Motiani, Maxime Gueguinou, Nadine Hempel, Michal Hershfinkel, Donald L Gill, Mohamed Trebak, Israel Sekler
Mitochondria exert important control over plasma membrane (PM) Orai1 channels mediating store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Although the sensing of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores by STIM proteins and coupling to Orai1 channels is well understood, how mitochondria communicate with Orai1 channels to regulate SOCE activation remains elusive. Here, we reveal that SOCE is accompanied by a rise in cytosolic Na(+) that is critical in activating the mitochondrial Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCLX) causing enhanced mitochondrial Na(+) uptake and Ca(2+) efflux...
March 15, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188202/progressive-prediction-of-hospitalisation-in-the-emergency-department-uncovering-hidden-patterns-to-improve-patient-flow
#12
Yuval Barak-Corren, Shlomo Hanan Israelit, Ben Y Reis
INTRODUCTION: One of the factors contributing to ED crowding is the lengthy delay in transferring an admitted patient from the ED to an inpatient department (ie, boarding time). An earlier start of the admission process using an automatic hospitalisation prediction model could potentially shorten these delays and reduce crowding. METHODS: Clinical, operational and demographic data were retrospectively collected on 80 880 visits to the ED of Rambam Health Care Campus in Haifa, Israel, from January 2011 to January 2012...
February 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178003/efficacy-and-safety-of-vedolizumab-for-induction-of-remission-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-israeli-real-world-experience
#13
Uri Kopylov, Yulia Ron, Irit Avni-Biron, Benjamin Koslowsky, Matti Waterman, Saleh Daher, Bella Ungar, Henit Yanai, Nitsan Maharshak, Ofer Ben-Bassat, Lev Lichtenstein, Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit, Eran Israeli, Doron Schwartz, Eran Zittan, Rami Eliakim, Yehuda Chowers, Shomron Ben-Horin, Iris Dotan
BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab (VDZ) is an anti-integrin monoclonal antibody effective in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to examine the "real world" efficacy and safety of VDZ in a large national patient cohort. METHODS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with VDZ were prospectively followed for 14 weeks. Patients who completed the induction protocol (week 0/2/6/14) or discontinued the treatment before week 14 for adverse events (AEs) or primary nonresponse were included...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172738/p721-a-switch-in-the-prevalence-ratio-of-crohn-s-disease-vs-ulcerative-colitis-in-israel-between-2003-and-2015-a-report-from-the-epi-iirn-group
#14
M Friedman, S Odes, R Balicer, M Hoshen, D Cohen, J Rosenblum, N Zigman, I Goren, N Lederman, E Matz, D Dushnitzky, N Borovsky, M Gavish, G Focht, M Avitzour, R Axelrod, Y Chowers, R Eliakim, S Ben-Horin, I Dotan, E Israeli, Z Levy, E Benchimol, D Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147280/ebi2-is-highly-expressed-in-multiple-sclerosis-lesions-and-promotes-early-cns-migration-of-encephalitogenic-cd4%C3%A2-t-cells
#15
Florian Wanke, Sonja Moos, Andrew L Croxford, André P Heinen, Stephanie Gräf, Bettina Kalt, Denise Tischner, Juan Zhang, Isabelle Christen, Julia Bruttger, Nir Yogev, Yilang Tang, Morad Zayoud, Nicole Israel, Khalad Karram, Sonja Reißig, Sonja M Lacher, Christian Reichhold, Ilgiz A Mufazalov, Avraham Ben-Nun, Tanja Kuhlmann, Nina Wettschureck, Andreas W Sailer, Klaus Rajewsky, Stefano Casola, Ari Waisman, Florian C Kurschus
Arrival of encephalitogenic T cells at inflammatory foci represents a critical step in development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model for multiple sclerosis. EBI2 and its ligand, 7α,25-OHC, direct immune cell localization in secondary lymphoid organs. CH25H and CYP7B1 hydroxylate cholesterol to 7α,25-OHC. During EAE, we found increased expression of CH25H by microglia and CYP7B1 by CNS-infiltrating immune cells elevating the ligand concentration in the CNS. Two critical pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-23 (IL-23) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), maintained expression of EBI2 in differentiating Th17 cells...
January 31, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112461/intention-to-receive-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-among-nurses-working-in-a-long-term-care-facility
#16
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Merav Ben Natan
The factors affecting influenza vaccine uptake among nurses might vary between different medical facilities. The purpose of the present study was to explore factors that affect the intention of nurses at a long-term care facility to receive the influenza vaccine and whether the health belief model predicts this intention. In this cross-sectional quantitative correlational study, a convenience sample of 150 nurses employed at a large long-term care facility in central Israel completed a questionnaire based on the health belief model...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098529/multidrug-resistant-candida-haemulonii-and-c-auris-tel-aviv-israel
#17
Ronen Ben-Ami, Judith Berman, Ana Novikov, Edna Bash, Yael Shachor-Meyouhas, Shiri Zakin, Yasmin Maor, Jalal Tarabia, Vered Schechner, Amos Adler, Talya Finn
Candida auris and C. haemulonii are closely related, multidrug-resistant emerging fungal pathogens that are not readily distinguishable with phenotypic assays. We studied C. auris and C. haemulonii clinical isolates from 2 hospitals in central Israel. C. auris was isolated in 5 patients with nosocomial bloodstream infection, and C. haemulonii was found as a colonizer of leg wounds at a peripheral vascular disease clinic. Liberal use of topical miconazole and close contact among patients were implicated in C...
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096281/de-freezing-frozen-patient-management
#18
Ayala Kobo-Greenhut, Amin Shnifi, Eran Tal-Or, Racheli Magnezi, Amos Notea, Meir Ruach, Erez Onn, Ayala Cohen, Etti Doveh, Izhar Ben Shlomo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two methods in encouraging the consideration of a leap from one patient management routine to another: (i) real-time review of the facts by an external medical team (ii) implementation of the 're-thinking-protocol' ('de-Freezing') by both treating and external medical teams. DESIGN: Students accompanied doctors, nurses and patients as non-interrupting observers. When an obvious gap between the expected and actual findings occurred, it was discussed four times: by two teams (treating team, external medical team) in two discussion modes (real-time review, de-Freezing-questionnaire)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062907/prediction-of-fetal-loss-by-first-trimester-crown-rump-length-in-ivf-pregnancies
#19
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Amir Dolev, Ron Bardin, Israel Meizner, Benjamin Fisch, Avi Ben-Haroush
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between small crown-rump length (CRL) and fetal loss ≤22 weeks in IVF pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data at a university-affiliated medical center. All singleton IVF pregnancies within a 5-year period, with a live embryo on first-trimester ultrasound and verified pregnancy outcome were included. Rates of fetal loss ≤22 weeks were compared between pregnancies with a CRL ≤tenth percentile and above the tenth percentile of our population...
January 7, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060602/patient-violence-toward-psychiatric-health-care-workers-in-israel-as-viewed-through-incident-reports
#20
Tal Drori, Hava Guetta, Merav Ben Natan, Yaakov Polakevich
BACKGROUND: Rates of violence perpetrated by patients toward health care workers are known to be higher in psychiatry than in other fields. Objective standardized reports of violent incidents may clarify this phenomenon. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of patient violence, as evident from objective reports. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective chart review study, conducted at a large mental health hospital in Israel between 2013 and 2015, reports of violent incidents perpetrated by people diagnosed with mental health problems against health care workers of the hospital were reviewed...
March 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
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