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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879969/factors-associated-with-choice-of-approach-for-group-b-streptococcus-screening
#1
H Sefty, A Klivitsky, M Bromberg, R Dichtiar, M Ben Ami, T Shohat, A Glatman-Freedman
BACKGROUND: The crude rate of early-onset Group B streptococcus disease (EOGBS) in Israel has been consistently under 0.5 for 1000 live births for the past 8 years. The Israeli Ministry of Health has adapted the risk factor based approach for preventing EOGBS and universal bacteriological screening for GBS is not recommended. In spite of this policy, there are indications that many pregnant women in Israel undergo bacteriological screening for GBS. The objective of this study is to assess the rate and characteristics of pregnant women who undergo screening for group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization in Israel...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876594/successful-control-of-a-large-outbreak-of-hiv-infection-associated-with-injection-of-cathinone-derivatives-in-tel-aviv-israel
#2
Eugene Katchman, Ronen Ben-Ami, Michal Savyon, Daniel Chemtob, Boaz Avidor, Asaf Wasserman, Irena Zeldis, Shirley Girshengorn, Ziva Amitai, Rivka Sheffer, Dan Turner
OBJECTIVES: Outbreaks of HIV infection have been linked to injectable drug abuse, but specific triggers often remain obscure. We report on an outbreak of primary HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tel Aviv, associated with a local shift in drug-use practices. METHODS: A cluster of primary HIV infection cases in PWID was detected in May 2012. Retrospective and prospective multi-hospital case finding was initiated. PWID were interviewed and risk factors for primary HIV infection were identified...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864577/diagnosing-necrotic-meningioma-a-distinctive-imaging-pattern-in-diffusion-mri-and-mr-spectroscopy
#3
Gal Ben-Arie, Yonatan Serlin, Sebastian Ivens, Mony Benifla, Emanuela Cagnano, Israel Melamed, Vladimir Merkin, Ilan Shelef
The differential diagnosis of necrotic meningiomas includes brain abscess and malignant neoplasms. We report and discuss hereby the work-up of two patients diagnosed with necrotic meningioma using diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, resective surgery, and histopathology. The purpose of the present article is to add to the scant literature on the use of advanced imaging modalities in the routine investigation of brain lesions and their utility in arriving at the final diagnosis.
November 18, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844150/c-shaped-canals-prevalence-and-root-canal-configuration-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation-in-first-and-second-mandibular-molars-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Avi Shemesh, Avi Levin, Vered Katzenell, Joe Ben Itzhak, Oleg Levinson, Zini Avraham, Michael Solomonov
OBJECTIVES: C-shaped root canal configuration is an unusual root canal morphology and one of the most often anatomical variations in root canal systems of second mandibular molars. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, symmetry and configuration of C-shaped canals in first and second mandibular molars in an Israeli population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand twenty Israel patients' CBCT scans were screened and evaluated...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826413/parental-regret-regarding-children-s-vaccines-the-correlation-between-anticipated-regret-altruism-coping-strategies-and-attitudes-toward-vaccines
#5
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Eyal Ginossar-David, Menachem Ben-Ezra
BACKGROUND: Parental hesitancy for recommended childhood vaccines is a growing public health concern influenced by various factors. This study aimed to explore regret regarding parental decisions to vaccinate their children via possible correlations between anticipated regret, altruism, coping strategies, and parents' attitudes toward the vaccination of their children. METHODS: The study was conducted during 2014 in Israel. Data were collected via snowballing methodology (i...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821367/a-blast-from-the-past-civilians-immediate-psychological-reactions-and-associative-memory-of-prior-events-following-exploding-bus-in-israel
#6
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Michal Mahat-Shamir
This study examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events and psychological distress up to 48h after a terror attack. To date, the number of studies that examined this association is very small and most were conducted weeks or even months post event. For this purpose, we examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events beyond factors such as previous exposure to trauma, political shift and sense of safety. The results showed that self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events were significantly associated with psychological distress...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817915/evicel-versus-tisseel-versus-sutures-for-attaching-conjunctival-autograft-in-pterygium-surgery-a-prospective-comparative-clinical-study
#7
Ofira Zloto, Eran Greenbaum, Ido Didi Fabian, Guy J Ben Simon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of pterygium surgery with conjunctival autograft using Vicryl sutures (Ethicon, NJ), Evicel fibrin glue (Omrix Biopharmaceuticals Ltd, Ramar-Gan, Israel), or Tisseel fibrin glue (Baxter Corp., Mississauga, Canada). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-nine adult patients with primary pterygium. METHODS: Patients undergoing pterygium surgery with conjunctival autografting were randomized into groups receiving 10-0 Vicryl sutures, Evicel fibrin glue, or Tisseel fibrin glue...
November 3, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794165/a-novel-transcutaneous-non-focused-ultrasound-energy-delivering-device-is-able-to-induce-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-destruction-in-an-animal-model
#8
Assi Levi, Dan Ben Amitai, Moshe Lapidoth
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The understanding that adipocytes are greatly influenced by thermal changes combined with the advancement of non-invasive ultrasound technologies have led to the application of ultrasound as an energy source to induce thermal fat destruction. While application of high intensity focused, ultrasound energy have been widely explored, there is far less information regarding the effects of non-focused ultrasound on adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of a novel transcutaneous, multi-elements, non-focused ultrasound energy regimen in an animal model, as a proof-of-concept of its potential to treat non-invasive subcutaneous benign tumors...
October 29, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787222/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-caused-by-leishmania-infantum-in-southern-israel
#9
Shalom Ben-Shimol, Orli Sagi, Amir Horev, Yonat Shemer Avni, Mati Ziv, Klaris Riesenberg
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania major is common in southern Israel, while Leishmania infantum (sub-strain of L. donovani, causing zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis) infections were rarely reported in Israel and only in other regions. We report the first case of L. infantum infection in southern Israel, presented atypically as CL in an immunosuppressed 47-year old male. The patient was treated with liposomal amphotericin-B and recovered, without extra-cutaneous complications. Diagnosis of L. infantum CL was confirmed by microscopic identification of amastigotes in Gimsa-stained smear of skin lesion, positive blood serology and a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the internal transcribed spacer 1 genes (ITS1) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (ITS1 PCR-RFLP)...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783948/macrophage-induced-lymphangiogenesis-and-metastasis-following-paclitaxel-chemotherapy-is-regulated-by-vegfr3
#10
Dror Alishekevitz, Svetlana Gingis-Velitski, Orit Kaidar-Person, Lilach Gutter-Kapon, Sandra D Scherer, Ziv Raviv, Emmanuelle Merquiol, Yael Ben-Nun, Valeria Miller, Chen Rachman-Tzemah, Michael Timaner, Yelena Mumblat, Neta Ilan, David Loven, Dov Hershkovitz, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro, Galia Blum, Jonathan P Sleeman, Israel Vlodavsky, Yuval Shaked
While chemotherapy strongly restricts or reverses tumor growth, the response of host tissue to therapy can counteract its anti-tumor activity by promoting tumor re-growth and/or metastases, thus limiting therapeutic efficacy. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR3)-expressing macrophages infiltrating chemotherapy-treated tumors play a significant role in metastasis. They do so in part by inducing lymphangiogenesis as a result of cathepsin release, leading to VEGF-C upregulation by heparanase...
October 25, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783882/temporal-trends-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-2008-2014-patient-characteristics-procedural-issues-and-clinical-outcome
#11
Uri Landes, Alon Barsheshet, Ariel Finkelstein, Victor Guetta, Abid Assali, Amir Halkin, Hanna Vaknin-Assa, Amit Segev, Tamir Bental, Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Israel M Barbash, Ran Kornowski
BACKGROUND: About a decade past the first transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), data are limited regarding temporal trends accompanying its evolution from novel technology to mainstream therapy. We evaluated these trends in a large multicenter TAVI registry. HYPOTHESIS: TAVI is changing and improving with time. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAVI between January 2008 and December 2014 at 3 high-volume Israeli centers were divided into 5 time quintiles according to procedure date...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781089/collecting-clinical-data-in-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Israel Amirav, Mary Roduta Roberts, Huda Mussaffi, Avigdor Mandelberg, Yehudah Roth, Revital Abitbul, Anthony Luder, Hannah Blau, Soliman Alkrinawi, Micha Aviram, Marta Ben-Ami, Moshe Rotschild, Lea Bentur, David Shoseyov, Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh, Eitan Kerem, Avraham Avital, Chaim Springer, Avigdor Hevroni, Husein Dabbah, Arnon Elizur, Elie Picard, Shmuel Goldberg, Joseph Rivlin, Galit Livnat, Moran Lavie, Nael Alias, Ruth Soferman, Heike Olbrich, Johanna Raidt, Julia Wallmeier, Claudius Werner, Niki T Loges, Heymut Omran
Rationale: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is under diagnosed and underestimated. Most clinical research has used some form of questionnaires to capture data but none has been critically evaluated particularly with respect to its end-user feasibility and utility. Objective: To critically appraise a clinical data collection questionnaire for PCD used in a large national PCD consortium in order to apply conclusions in future PCD research. Methods: We describe the development, validation and revision process of a clinical questionnaire for PCD and its evaluation during a national clinical PCD study with respect to data collection and analysis, initial completion rates and user feedback...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759172/adverse-events-associated-with-interactions-with-dietary-and-herbal-supplements-among-inpatients
#13
Ilana Levy, Samuel Attias, Eran Ben-Arye, Lee Goldstein, Elad Schiff
BACKGROUND: Dietary and herbal supplements (DHS) are commonly used among inpatients and may cause interactions with drugs or other DHS. The study explored whether adverse events were actually associated with such interactions and examined specific characteristics among inpatient DHS users prone to such adverse events. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 947 patients hospitalized in 12 departments of a tertiary academic medical centre in Haifa, Israel. It evaluated the rate of DHS use among inpatients, the potential for interactions, and actual adverse events during hospitalization associated with DHS use...
October 19, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752601/sense-of-meaning-as-a-predictor-of-burnout-in-emergency-physicians-in-israel-a-national-survey
#14
Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732945/the-prognostic-significance-of-heparanase-expression-in-metastatic-melanoma
#15
Olga Vornicova, Ilanit Boyango, Sari Feld, Inna Naroditsky, Olga Kazarin, Yaniv Zohar, Yariv Tiram, Neta Ilan, Ofer Ben-Izhak, Israel Vlodavsky, Gil Bar-Sela
BACKGROUND: Heparanase expression is induced in many types of cancers, including melanoma, and promotes tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. However, there is insufficient data regarding heparanase expression in the metastatic lesions that are the prime target for anti-cancer therapeutics. To that end, we examined heparanase expression in metastatic melanoma and its correlation with clinical parameters. RESULTS: Heparanase staining was detected in 88% of the samples, and was strong in 46%...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718380/the-sense-of-relational-entitlement-among-adolescents-toward-their-parents-sreap-testing-an-adaptation-of-the-sre
#16
Rami Tolmacz, Yaniv Efrati, Boaz M Ben-David
The quality of the adolescent-parent relationship is closely related to the adolescent's sense of entitlement. Study 1 (458 central-Israel adolescents, 69% girls, ages: 11-16) developed the sense of relational entitlement among adolescents toward their parents (SREap, adapted from the original SRE on adults' romantic relationships) and provided initial validity evidence of its three-factor structure: exaggerated, restricted and assertive - replicating the SRE's factor structure. Studies 2-5 (1237 adolescents, 56% girls) examined the link between the SREap factors and relevant psychological measures...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712741/transcatheter-mitral-annuloplasty-in-chronic-functional-mitral-regurgitation-6-month-results-with-the-cardioband-percutaneous%C3%A2-mitral%C3%A2-repair-system
#17
Georg Nickenig, Christoph Hammerstingl, Robert Schueler, Yan Topilsky, Paul A Grayburn, Alec Vahanian, David Messika-Zeitoun, Marina Urena Alcazar, Stephan Baldus, Rudolph Volker, Michael Huntgeburth, Ottavio Alfieri, Azeem Latib, Giovanni La Canna, Eustachio Agricola, Antonio Colombo, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Felix Kreidel, Christian Frerker, Felix C Tanner, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Francesco Maisano
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to show safety and efficacy of the Cardioband system during 6 months after treatment. BACKGROUND: Current surgical and medical treatment options for functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) are limited. The Cardioband system (Valtech Cardio, OrYehuda, Israel) is a novel transvenous, transseptal direct annuloplasty device. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (71.8 ± 6.9 years of age; 83.9% male; EuroSCORE II: 8.6 ± 5.9) with moderate to severe FMR, symptomatic heart failure, and depressed left ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction 34 ± 11%) were prospectively enrolled...
October 10, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709322/potential-drug-interactions-with-dietary-and-herbal-supplements-during-hospitalization
#18
Ilana Levy, Samuel Attias, Eran Ben-Arye, Lee Goldstein, Elad Schiff
Dietary and herbal supplements (DHS) are widely used in the general population, including during hospitalization. Yet, their potential interactions with prescription drugs have seldom been delineated among inpatients. We aimed to evaluate potentially dangerous interactions of DHS with prescribed medications among inpatients. This was a cross-sectional prospective study involving a cohort of patients hospitalized in 12 departments of a public academic medical center (Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel) from 2009 to 2014...
October 5, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701760/chronic-granulomatous-disease-clinical-functional-molecular-and-genetic-studies-the-israeli-experience-with-84-patients
#19
Baruch Wolach, Ronit Gavrieli, Martin de Boer, Karin van Leeuwen, Sivan Berger-Achituv, Tal Stauber, Josef Ben Ari, Menachem Rottem, Yechiel Schlesinger, Galia Grisaru-Soen, Omar Abuzaitoun, Nufar Marcus, Ben Zion Garty, Arnon Broides, Jakov Levy, Polina Stepansky, Amos Etzioni, Raz Somech, Dirk Roos
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an innate immunodeficiency with a genetic defect of the nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide phosphate, reduced, oxidase components. This leads to decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which renders patients susceptible to life-threatening infections. Over the course of 30 years, we diagnosed CGD in 84 patients from 61 families using functional, molecular and genetic studies. The incidence of CGD in Israel is 1.05 per 100,000 live-births in the Jewish population and 1...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699499/influence-of-atmospheric-states-in-semi-arid-areas-on-hospital-admission-in-cardio-surgical-department
#20
Naomy S Yackerson, Arkadi Zilberman, Alexander Aizenberg
The influence of the changes in atmospheric state, typical for areas close to big deserts, on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was analyzed. Under test was the group of 3256 patients (77 % males, 23 % females), hospitalized in the Cardio-Surgical Department of Soroka Medical Center at Ben-Gurion University (BGU, Israel) during 2000-2008. To explore the relationship between atmospheric parameters and AMI, multivariate regression analysis has been performed. AMI was most frequent in winter to spring and least in summer...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
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