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S Chabroux, E Haffen, A Penfornis
Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric illness (1% of the general population), characterized by the association of positive and negative symptoms and cognitive disorders. Antipsychotics, typical or atypical, are known to induce in patients with schizophrenia weight gain and abnormalities in glucose and lipid metabolisms. These modifications, in addition to metabolic risk factors, intrinsic to the psychiatric illness (physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes), increase the risk of cardiovascular complications. Some antipsychotics are associated with a higher risk of metabolic disorders...
September 2009: Annales D'endocrinologie
Francesco Angelucci, Sergio Bernardini, Paolo Gravina, Lorenza Bellincampi, Alberto Trequattrini, Fulvia Di Iulio, Diego Vanni, Giorgio Federici, Carlo Caltagirone, Paola Boss├╣, Gianfranco Spalletta
Although the etiology of psychotic symptoms (hallucinations and delusions) in Alzheimer's disease is still not known, alterations in serotonergic neurotransmission have been proposed. In a 3-year follow-up study, we evaluated the association of serotonin (5-HT) receptor 5-HT2a 102T/C polymorphism (allelic variants CC, CT and TT) with psychotic symptom severity and response to treatment with atypical antipsychotics (risperidone, olanzapine and quietapine) in 80 patients with a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease...
2009: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
J P Olie, S Ghaoui, F J Bayle
Since the discovery of the neuroleptics in 1952, french psychiatrists have proposed a classification of neuroleptics taking into account the pharmalogical and therapeutic differences between these drugs. They distinguished three different clinical effects of neuroleptics: sedative effects, effects on the positive symptoms of schizophrenia and effects on the negative symptoms. However these agents have many side effects including the extrapyramidal syndrome (EPS), akathisia, dystonia and parkinsonism. These side effects occur in up to 75% of patients receiving typical neuroleptics and are the main cause of non-compliance...
November 1999: L'Enc├ęphale
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