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Maren Ø Lindheim, Helene Helgeland
Although the efficacy of clinical hypnosis is well documented, its implementation in clinical practice is far from completed and there are few reports of systematic, professional training. This article gives a historical overview and description of a 1-year training program in clinical hypnosis which started in Norway in 2008 and has been held yearly since then. We describe the present education course with respect to aims, conceptual framework, structure, target groups, teaching themes, and experiences. The following factors have been considered of importance for the success of this program: The extent and duration of the course, the focus on demonstrations, experiential skill-building and exercises, and that the education is rooted in acknowledged clinical, academic, and educational environments...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Adam Safron
Orgasm is one of the most intense pleasures attainable to an organism, yet its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. On the basis of existing literatures, this article introduces a novel mechanistic model of sexual stimulation and orgasm. In doing so, it characterizes the neurophenomenology of sexual trance and climax, describes parallels in dynamics between orgasms and seizures, speculates on possible evolutionary origins of sex differences in orgasmic responding, and proposes avenues for future experimentation...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
Joachim Richter, Roya Ostovar
The functions of dance and music in human evolution are a mystery. Current research on the evolution of music has mainly focused on its melodic attribute which would have evolved alongside (proto-)language. Instead, we propose an alternative conceptual framework which focuses on the co-evolution of rhythm and dance (R&D) as intertwined aspects of a multimodal phenomenon characterized by the unity of action and perception. Reviewing the current literature from this viewpoint we propose the hypothesis that R&D have co-evolved long before other musical attributes and (proto-)language...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Shashank Tiwari, Shobhan S, Lokesh S, Jayasingh K
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Q Deeley
Suggestion in hypnosis has been applied to the treatment of functional neurologic symptoms since the earliest descriptions of hypnosis in the 19th century. Suggestion in this sense refers to an intentional communication of beliefs or ideas, whether verbally or nonverbally, to produce subjectively convincing changes in experience and behavior. The recognition of suggestion as a psychologic process with therapeutic applications was closely linked to the derivation of hypnosis from earlier healing practices. Animal magnetism, the immediate precursor of hypnosis, arrived at a psychologic concept of suggestion along with other ideas and practices which were then incorporated into hypnosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Chabaco Armijos, Gianluca Gilardoni, Luis Amay, Antonio Lozano, Francesco Bracco, Jorge Ramirez, Nicole Bec, Christian Larroque, Paola Vita Finzi, Giovanni Vidari
ETHNOBOTANICAL AND ETHNOMEDICINAL RELEVANCE: This study concerns seven Huperzia species (Lycopodiaceae), namely H. brevifolia, H. columnaris, H. compacta, H. crassa, H. espinosana, H. tetragona, H. weberbaueri, which are considered sacred plants by the Saraguro community, living in the Southern Andes of Ecuador; these plants are widely used in traditional medicine and ritual ceremonies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The plants were selected on the basis of written interviews with 10 visionary healers (yachak) (2 women, 8 men), indicated as the most credible by the Saraguro Healers Council...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jean-Rémy Martin, Jérôme Sackur, Hernan Anlló, Peter Naish, Zoltan Dienes
The way we experience and estimate time - subjective time - does not systematically correspond to objective time (the physical duration of an event). Many factors can influence subjective time and lead to mental dilation or compression of objective time. The emotional valence of stimuli or the levels of attention or expectancy are known to modulate subjective time even though objective time is constant. Hypnosis too is known to alter people's perception of time. However, it is not known whether hypnotic time distortions are intrinsic perceptual effects, based for example on the changing rate of an internal clock, or rather the result of a response to demand characteristics...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Stephen Krystek, V K Kumar
Groups of participants (N = 164) were randomly assigned to three conditions: Group 1 received a trance induction, Group 2 received task-motivational instructions, and Group 3-"cold start" control-was simply told, "We will begin the hypnosis procedure now." All participants received the Creative Imagination Scale suggestions and then completed the Creative Imagination Scale and Inventory Scale of Hypnotic Depth. The three conditions did not differ significantly either on the Creative Imagination Scale or in reported hypnotic depth...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Richard P Kluft
In clinical practice, the process of induction may prove more complex and nuanced than its presentation in workshop training would suggest. The relatively straightforward cognitive and instrumental educational domains address defining the concept of induction and instructing workshop participants about how inductions can be performed. However, in work with patients, factors relevant to the attitudinal domain of education become increasingly salient and speak to the importance of how the person inducing hypnosis relates to the person in whom hypnosis is to be induced and how that person goes about crafting a constructive rather than formulaic approach to the induction of hypnosis for a unique individual...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
David B Reid
Hypnosis has often, and primarily, been portrayed as a mystical means that controls and exploits vulnerable and defenseless people. Sources accused of perpetuating hypnosis myths and misconceptions have included numerous media productions and stage demonstrations at state fairs and festivals. Ironically, one largely unexamined potential culprit disseminating misinformation about hypnosis is the field of clinical hypnosis itself. This article not only questions the legitimacy of the term "hypnotic induction" and its derivatives but also explores the potential impact these terms have on the perpetuation of hypnosis myths and misconceptions...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Vishal Bhavsar, Antonio Ventriglio, Dinesh Bhugra
The cross-cultural validity of dissociative possession and trance disorders is a matter of some debate, limiting research and meaningful interpretation of prevalence data. Intimate to these concerns is the status of spirit possession categories studied in the social sciences, particularly anthropology. These two categories are phenomenologically related and display similar epidemiological associations. In India, dissociative and conversion disorders are fairly common in clinical settings. There is no doubt that there are true cultural variations in possession and trance disorders...
December 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Luisa Ponzoni, Braida Daniela, Mariaelvina Sala
RATIONALE: The synthetic phenethylamines are recreational drugs known to produce psychostimulant effects. However, their abuse potential has not been widely studied. OBJECTIVES: Here, we investigated the rewarding and the hallucinatory effects of 2,5-dimetoxy-4-bromo-amphetamine hydrobromide (DOB) and para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA) in comparison with the classical 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). In addition, the role of serotonin 5-HT2-like receptor on the abovementioned effects was evaluated...
August 2016: Psychopharmacology
Winfried Häuser, Maria Hagl, Albrecht Schmierer, Ernil Hansen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of hypnotic techniques in somatic medicine, known as medical hypnosis, have not been supported to date by adequate scientific evidence. METHODS: We systematically reviewed meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of medical hypnosis. Relevant publications (January 2005 to June 2015) were sought in the Cochrane databases CDSR and DARE, and in PubMed. Meta-analyses involving at least 400 patients were included in the present analysis...
April 29, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Marcelo Gulão Pimentel, Klaus Chaves Alberto, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
In the early nineteenth century, investigations into the nature of psychic/spiritual phenomena, like trances and the supposed acquisition of information unattainable using normal sensory channels, prompted much debate in the scientific arena. This article discusses the main explanations offered by the researchers of psychic phenomena reported between 1811 and 1860, concentrating on the two main movements in the period: magnetic somnambulism and modern spiritualism. While the investigations of these phenomena gave rise to multiple theories, they did not yield any consensus...
October 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Eleonore Neufeld, Elliot C Brown, Sie-In Lee-Grimm, Albert Newen, Martin Brüne
Social stimuli grab our attention. However, it has rarely been investigated how variations in attention affect the processing of social stimuli, although the answer could help us uncover details of social cognition processes such as action understanding. In the present study, we examined how changes to bottom-up attention affects neural EEG-responses associated with intentional action processing. We induced an increase in bottom-up attention by using hypnosis. We recorded the electroencephalographic μ-wave suppression of hypnotized participants when presented with intentional actions in first and third person perspective in a video-clip paradigm...
May 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
Yuka Matsuki, Masayuki Iwamoto, Kenichiro Mita, Kenji Shigemi, Shigeki Matsunaga, Shigetoshi Oiki
A hydrogen-bonded water-chain in a nanotube is highly proton conductive, and examining the proton flux under electric fields is crucial to understanding the one-dimensional Grotthuss conduction. Here, we exploited a nanotube-forming natural product, the peptide polytheonamide B (pTB), to examine proton conduction mechanisms at a single-molecule level. The pTB nanotube has a length of ∼40 Å that spans the membrane and a uniform inner diameter of 4 Å that holds a single-file water-chain. Single-channel proton currents were measured using planar lipid bilayers in various proton concentrations and membrane potentials (±400 mV)...
March 30, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jiqiang Lin, Lu Yang, Hernandez Moura Silva, Alissa Trzeciak, Yongwon Choi, Susan R Schwab, Michael L Dustin, Juan J Lafaille
Regulatory T-cell (Treg) selection in the thymus is essential to prevent autoimmune diseases. Although important rules for Treg selection have been established, there is controversy regarding the degree of self-reactivity displayed by T-cell receptors expressed by Treg cells. In this study we have developed a model of autoimmune skin inflammation, to determine key parameters in the generation of skin-reactive Treg cells in the thymus (tTreg). tTreg development is predominantly AIRE dependent, with an AIRE-independent component...
February 29, 2016: Nature Communications
Anita Beck, Gábor Fábián, Pál Fejérdy, Wolf-Rainer Krause, Péter Hermann, Károly Módos, Gábor Varga, Tibor Károly Fábián
Long-term photo-acoustic stimulation is used for the induction of altered states of consciousness for both therapeutic and experimental purposes. Long-term photo-acoustic stimulation also leads to changes in the composition of saliva which have a key contribution to the efficiency of this technique in easing mucosal symptoms of oral psychosomatic patients. The aim of this study is to find out whether there is any cumulative effect of repeated stimulation and whether there are any detectable differences between diverse stimulatory patterns of long lasting photo-acoustic stimulation on the phenomenology of the appearing trance state and on salivary secretion...
December 18, 2015: Journal of Physiology, Paris
Britta Suttmeyer, Ulf Teichgräber, Hendrik Rathke, Liane Albrecht, Felix Güttler, Bernhard Schnackenburg, Bernd Hamm, Maximilian de Bucourt
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and validity of arterial lower limb imaging with triggered angiography non-contrast enhanced (TRANCE) in an open MRI at 1.0 Tesla (T) compared to digital subtraction angiography (DSA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: ECG-gated, non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was performed in a 1.0-T high-field open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system which generates a vertical magnetic field. Three acquisition levels were defined (abdominal and pelvic level, arterial segments above the knee and segments below the knee) and a total of 1782 vessel diameter measurements were taken on a total of 11 patients with suspected peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) (8 men, 3 women; average age 66 years)...
August 1, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Ruifeng Yang, Guangjun Song, Wenli Guan, Qian Wang, Yan Liu, Lai Wei
Qualitative HBsAg assay is used to screen HBV infection for decades. The utility of quantitative assay is also rejuvenated recently. We aimed to evaluate and compare the performance of a novel ultra-sensitive and quantitative assay, the Lumipulse assay, with the Architect and Elecsys assays. As screening methods, specificity was compared using 2043 consecutive clinical routine samples. As quantitative assays, precision and accuracy were assessed. Sera from 112 treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients, four patients undergoing antiviral therapy and one patient with acute infection were tested to compare the correlations...
February 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
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