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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679454/the-cultural-evolution-of-shamanism
#1
Manvir Singh
Shamans, including medicine-men, mediums, and the prophets of religious movements, recur across human societies. Shamanism also existed among nearly all documented hunter-gatherers, likely characterized the religious lives of many ancestral humans, and is often proposed by anthropologists to be the "first profession", representing the first institutionalized division of labor beyond age and sex. This paper proposes a cultural evolutionary theory to explain why shamanism consistently develops, and in particular, (1) why shamanic traditions exhibit recurrent features around the world, (2) why shamanism professionalizes early, often in the absence of other specialization, and (3) how shifting social conditions affect the form or existence of shamanism...
July 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644996/neural-correlates-of-psychotic-like-experiences-during-spiritual-trance-state
#2
Alessandra Ghinato Mainieri, Julio Fernando Prieto Peres, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Klaus Mathiak, Ute Habel, Nils Kohn
Recent studies indicate high levels of psychotic experiences in the general population. Here, we report a functional imaging study with 8 mentally healthy spiritual mediums and 8 matched controls. The mediums entered a mediumistic-trance state using a standardized manner by closing their eyes and actively seeking to ignore external and internal stimuli to achieve a 'state of emptiness'; in a control condition, they were instructed to re-enact the same mediumistic experience that they had during the mediumistic-trance condition but in a non-trance state (imaginative-trance)...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595447/therapeutic-suggestions-with-critically-ill-in-palliative-care
#3
Adrienn K Szilágyi, Zoltán Kekecs, Katalin Varga
Suggestions can be used without formal hypnosis, especially with critically ill patients, due to their spontaneous trance state. In this paper we outline data on the effectiveness of therapeutic suggestions. We interpret the possible mechanism of therapeutic suggestions in the context of stress cognition. Basic principles of formulating suggestions are discussed and some recommended versions of non-pharmacological pain control are provided. Case vignettes are given of how suggestions are used with critically ill ICU patients...
May 28, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511826/use-of-hypnosis-meditation-and-biofeedback-in-dermatology
#4
Philip D Shenefelt
Hypnosis utilizes trance to access otherwise inaccessible repressed or unconscious memories and features of the psyche and control of physiology not attainable in the ordinary conscious waking state. Medical uses of hypnosis in dermatology include reducing discomfort from itching or skin pain, altering ingrained dysfunctional habits such as scratching, promoting healing of skin disorders, searching for psychosomatic aspects of skin disorders and alleviating them, and reframing cognitive and emotional dysfunctional patterns related to skin disorders...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509664/reliability-of-the-dissociative-trance-disorder-interview-schedule-a-preliminary-report
#5
Colin A Ross, Eli Somer, Caitlin Goode
One hundred inpatients in a hospital-based Trauma Program in the USA were interviewed with the Dissociative Trance Disorder Interview Schedule (DTDIS). There were no significant differences for the DTDIS total score or any of the subscale scores on test-retest: all t-values comparing the two administrations of the DTDIS were below 0.7, and all p-values were above 0.5. Cronbach's alpha for the US sample was 0.966 and for the Israeli sample it was 0.971. The findings indicate that the DTDIS has good reliability and may be suitable for use in cross-cultural research; however, the results require replication by independent researchers in a variety of cultures and languages, and in both clinical and nonclinical samples...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355215/salmonella-genomic-island-1-sgi1-reshapes-the-mating-apparatus-of-incc-conjugative-plasmids-to-promote-self-propagation
#6
Nicolas Carraro, Romain Durand, Nicolas Rivard, Charley Anquetil, Catherine Barrette, Malika Humbert, Vincent Burrus
IncC conjugative plasmids and Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) and relatives are frequently associated with multidrug resistance of clinical isolates of pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae. SGI1 is specifically mobilized in trans by IncA and IncC plasmids (commonly referred to as A/C plasmids) following its excision from the chromosome, an event triggered by the transcriptional activator complex AcaCD encoded by these helper plasmids. Although SGI1 is not self-transmissible, it carries three genes, traNS, traHS and traGS, coding for distant homologs of the predicted mating pore subunits TraNC, TraHC and TraGC, respectively, encoded by A/C plasmids...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#7
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300761/incorporating-hypnosis-into-pediatric-clinical-encounters
#8
Robert A Pendergrast
Increasing numbers of licensed health professionals who care for children have been trained in clinical hypnosis. The evidence base for the safety and efficacy of this therapeutic approach in a wide variety of conditions is also growing. Pediatricians and other health professionals who have received training may wish to apply these skills in appropriate clinical scenarios but still may be unsure of the practical matters of how to incorporate this skill-set into day to day practice. Moreover, the practical application of such skills will take very different forms depending on the practice setting, types of acute or chronic conditions, patient and family preferences, and the developmental stages of the child or teen...
March 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300508/promoting-safety-in-hypnosis-a-clinical-instrument-for-the-assessment-of-alertness
#9
Hedy A Howard
Hypnosis has long demonstrated its power to facilitate various approaches to psychotherapy. Like other potent modalities, hypnosis may produce unwanted effects. Although its negative sequelae are usually mild and transient, more serious complications may occur. Recently, attention has been drawn to the powerful role of failures of dehypnosis or alerting/realerting in producing unwanted effects. Traditionally, alerting has been viewed as a relatively uncomplicated process that requires little more than the simple suggestion that the subject will return or awaken from trance, and exiting from trance has generally been considered the cessation of the phenomena suggested during induction and thereafter...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230463/hypnotism-as-a-function-of-trance-state-effects-expectancy-and-suggestibility-an-italian-replication
#10
Ronald J Pekala, Francesca Baglio, Monia Cabinio, Susanna Lipari, Gisella Baglio, Laura Mendozzi, Pietro Cecconi, Luigi Pugnetti, Riccardo Sciaky
Previous research using stepwise regression analyses found self-reported hypnotic depth (srHD) to be a function of suggestibility, trance state effects, and expectancy. This study sought to replicate and expand that research using a general state measure of hypnotic responsivity, the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory: Hypnotic Assessment Procedure (PCI-HAP). Ninety-five participants completed an Italian translation of the PCI-HAP, with srHD scores predicted from the PCI-HAP assessment items. The regression analysis replicated the previous research results...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230461/what-is-the-essence-of-hypnosis
#11
Paul F Dell
The author explores the nature of hypnosis, which he characterizes as a motivated mode of neural functioning that enables most humans to alter, to varying degrees, their experience of body, self, actions, and world. The essence of hypnosis is not to be found in hetero-hypnosis; instead, it lies in the spontaneous self-activation of that mode of neural functioning. The hypnosis field has substantially lost sight of spontaneous self-activation, because the word hypnosis is usually used to mean hetero-hypnosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107571/increased-pd-l1-expression-in-breast-and-colon-cancer-stem-cells
#12
Yanheng Wu, Mingshui Chen, Peihong Wu, Chen Chen, Zhi Ping Xu, Wenyi Gu
Here we report the expression of programmed cell death ligand 1/2 (PD-L1/L2) in breast and colon cancer stem cells (CSCs). The stemness of these cells was confirmed by their surface markers. Using flow cytometry analysis we demonstrated that PD-L1 expression was higher in CSCs of both cancers compared to non-stem like cancer cells. Consistent with this, detection of cellular PD-L1 proteins by Western blot assay also showed increased PD-L1 protein in CSCs. In contrast, only trance amounts of PD-L2 were detected in CSCs of both cancers...
January 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982780/hypnosis-training-and-education-experiences-with-a-norwegian-one-year-education-course-in-clinical-hypnosis-for-children-and-adolescents
#13
Maren Ø Lindheim, Helene Helgeland
Although the efficacy of clinical hypnosis is well documented, its implementation in clinical practice is far from completed and there are few reports of systematic, professional training. This article gives a historical overview and description of a 1-year training program in clinical hypnosis which started in Norway in 2008 and has been held yearly since then. We describe the present education course with respect to aims, conceptual framework, structure, target groups, teaching themes, and experiences. The following factors have been considered of importance for the success of this program: The extent and duration of the course, the focus on demonstrations, experiential skill-building and exercises, and that the education is rooted in acknowledged clinical, academic, and educational environments...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799079/what-is-orgasm-a-model-of-sexual-trance-and-climax-via-rhythmic-entrainment
#14
Adam Safron
Orgasm is one of the most intense pleasures attainable to an organism, yet its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. On the basis of existing literatures, this article introduces a novel mechanistic model of sexual stimulation and orgasm. In doing so, it characterizes the neurophenomenology of sexual trance and climax, describes parallels in dynamics between orgasms and seizures, speculates on possible evolutionary origins of sex differences in orgasmic responding, and proposes avenues for future experimentation...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774058/-it-don-t-mean-a-thing-if-it-ain-t-got-that-swing-an-alternative-concept-for-understanding-the-evolution-of-dance-and-music-in-human-beings
#15
Joachim Richter, Roya Ostovar
The functions of dance and music in human evolution are a mystery. Current research on the evolution of music has mainly focused on its melodic attribute which would have evolved alongside (proto-)language. Instead, we propose an alternative conceptual framework which focuses on the co-evolution of rhythm and dance (R&D) as intertwined aspects of a multimodal phenomenon characterized by the unity of action and perception. Reviewing the current literature from this viewpoint we propose the hypothesis that R&D have co-evolved long before other musical attributes and (proto-)language...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728594/fever-in-trance
#16
Shashank Tiwari, Shobhan S, Lokesh S, Jayasingh K
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719873/hypnosis-as-therapy-for-functional-neurologic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Q Deeley
Suggestion in hypnosis has been applied to the treatment of functional neurologic symptoms since the earliest descriptions of hypnosis in the 19th century. Suggestion in this sense refers to an intentional communication of beliefs or ideas, whether verbally or nonverbally, to produce subjectively convincing changes in experience and behavior. The recognition of suggestion as a psychologic process with therapeutic applications was closely linked to the derivation of hypnosis from earlier healing practices. Animal magnetism, the immediate precursor of hypnosis, arrived at a psychologic concept of suggestion along with other ideas and practices which were then incorporated into hypnosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686269/phytochemical-and-ethnomedicinal-study-of-huperzia-species-used-in-the-traditional-medicine-of-saraguros-in-southern-ecuador-ache-and-mao-inhibitory-activity
#18
Chabaco Armijos, Gianluca Gilardoni, Luis Amay, Antonio Lozano, Francesco Bracco, Jorge Ramirez, Nicole Bec, Christian Larroque, Paola Vita Finzi, Giovanni Vidari
ETHNOBOTANICAL AND ETHNOMEDICINAL RELEVANCE: This study concerns seven Huperzia species (Lycopodiaceae), namely H. brevifolia, H. columnaris, H. compacta, H. crassa, H. espinosana, H. tetragona, H. weberbaueri, which are considered sacred plants by the Saraguro community, living in the Southern Andes of Ecuador; these plants are widely used in traditional medicine and ritual ceremonies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The plants were selected on the basis of written interviews with 10 visionary healers (yachak) (2 women, 8 men), indicated as the most credible by the Saraguro Healers Council...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625623/perceiving-time-differences-when-you-should-not-applying-the-el-greco-fallacy-to-hypnotic-time-distortions
#19
Jean-Rémy Martin, Jérôme Sackur, Hernan Anlló, Peter Naish, Zoltan Dienes
The way we experience and estimate time - subjective time - does not systematically correspond to objective time (the physical duration of an event). Many factors can influence subjective time and lead to mental dilation or compression of objective time. The emotional valence of stimuli or the levels of attention or expectancy are known to modulate subjective time even though objective time is constant. Hypnosis too is known to alter people's perception of time. However, it is not known whether hypnotic time distortions are intrinsic perceptual effects, based for example on the changing rate of an internal clock, or rather the result of a response to demand characteristics...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586049/a-comparison-of-hypnotic-induction-task-motivation-and-a-cold-start-control-group-on-hypnotizability
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Stephen Krystek, V K Kumar
Groups of participants (N = 164) were randomly assigned to three conditions: Group 1 received a trance induction, Group 2 received task-motivational instructions, and Group 3-"cold start" control-was simply told, "We will begin the hypnosis procedure now." All participants received the Creative Imagination Scale suggestions and then completed the Creative Imagination Scale and Inventory Scale of Hypnotic Depth. The three conditions did not differ significantly either on the Creative Imagination Scale or in reported hypnotic depth...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
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