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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921037/acute-kidney-injury-in-western-countries
#1
REVIEW
Josée Bouchard, Ravindra L Mehta
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and is associated with poor outcomes, including increased mortality, higher risk of chronic kidney disease, and prolonged hospital lengths of stay. The epidemiology of AKI mainly derives from studies performed in Western high-income countries. More limited data are available from Western low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) located in Central and South America. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the most recent data on the epidemiology of AKI in Western countries, aiming to contrast results from industrialized high-income countries with LMICs...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921036/acute-kidney-injury-in-asia
#2
REVIEW
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913574/intended-and-unintended-consequences-of-abortion-law-reform-perspectives-of-abortion-experts-in-victoria-australia
#3
L A Keogh, D Newton, C Bayly, K McNamee, A Hardiman, A Webster, M Bismark
INTRODUCTION: In Victoria, Australia, abortion was decriminalised in October 2008, bringing the law in line with clinical practice and community attitudes. We describe how experts in abortion service provision perceived the intent and subsequent impact of the 2008 Victorian abortion law reform. METHODS: Experts in abortion provision in Victoria were recruited for a qualitative semi-structured interview about the 2008 law reform and its perceived impact, until saturation was reached...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913060/outcome-of-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-use-in-females-with-immune-mediated-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Fukiko Komaki, Yuga Komaki, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: Immune mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) commonly affect young and adolescent females. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents are increasingly used to treat these conditions, but their safety during pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pregnancy related outcomes in patients with various immune mediated diseases treated with anti-TNF-α agents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903078/why-prevention-of-repeat-abortion-is-so-challenging-psychosocial-characteristics-of-women-at-risk
#5
Brigitte Leeners, Simone Bieli, Dorothy Huang, Sibil Tschudin
OBJECTIVES: Abortion rates have declined in recent decades; however, the rate of repeat abortion remains high. In order to identify keys to making efficient interventions against repeat abortion, our objectives were: to assess the percentage of repeat abortions in women opting for termination of pregnancy over a period of 1 year; to identify the risk factors for repeat abortion; and to assess the characteristics of women who opted for a further pregnancy termination despite having received standard post-abortion care...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898721/hepatitis-b-virus-infections-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-clinic-at-deder-hospital-eastern-ethiopia
#6
Abdi Umare, Berhanu Seyoum, Tesfaye Gobena, Tamirat Haile Mariyam
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic (ANC) for routine pregnancy check-up between 18 March 2015 and 15 May 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893185/women-s-pathways-to-abortion-care-in-south-carolina-a-qualitative-study-of-obstacles-and-supports
#7
Judy Margo, Lois McCloskey, Gouri Gupte, Melanie Zurek, Seema Bhakta, Emily Feinberg
CONTEXT: Women seeking timely and affordable abortion care may face myriad challenges, including high out-of-pocket costs, transportation demands, scheduling difficulties and stigma. State-level regulations may exacerbate these burdens and impede women's access to a full range of care. Women's reports of their experiences can inform efforts to improve pathways to abortion care. METHODS: In 2014, semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 45 women obtaining abortions in South Carolina, which has a restrictive abortion environment...
November 28, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#8
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882001/psychiatric-symptoms-and-pregnancy-distress-in-subsequent-pregnancy-after-spontaneous-abortion-history
#9
Elahe Haghparast, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Ramezan Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short and long adverse psychological effects on women. This study assesses the implications of a spontaneous abortion history has on women's psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy less than one years after spontaneous abortion. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on pregnant women of Babol city from September 2014 to May 2015. In this study, 100 pregnant women with spontaneous abortion history during a year ago and 100 pregnant women without spontaneous abortion history were enrolled...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872987/the-ir-evolution-in-oncology-tools-treatments-and-guidelines
#10
Thierry de Baere
Early focus of interventional oncologists was developing tools and imaging guidance, performing "procedures" acting as a skillful technician without knowledge of clinical patient outcomes, beyond post-treatment image findings. Interventional oncologists must deliver "treatments" and not "procedures", and focus on clinically relevant outcomes, provide clinical continuity of care, which means stand at multidisciplinary tumor boards, see patients in consultation before treatment and for follow-up. Interventional oncologists have fought for the same "market" with surgery in a head to head, bloody competition called red ocean strategy in marketing terms, resulting in many aborted trials...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869937/factors-associated-to-toxoplasmosis-related-knowledge-among-pregnant-women-attending-public-health-services-in-the-municipality-of-niter%C3%A3-i-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2013-2015
#11
Fernanda Loureiro de Moura, Patrícia Riddell Millar Goulart, Ana Paula Pereira de Moura, Thais Silva de Souza, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the factors associated to toxoplasmosis-related knowledge among pregnant women attending public health services in the municipality of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study conducted with pregnant women assisted in eight health care units; data was collected using a standardized questionnaire, from April 2013 to February 2015. RESULTS: among the 405 pregnant women interviewed, 173 (42...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856971/the-stratified-legitimacy-of-abortions
#12
Katrina Kimport, Tracy A Weitz, Lori Freedman
Roe v. Wade was heralded as an end to unequal access to abortion care in the United States. However, today, despite being common and safe, abortion is performed only selectively in hospitals and private practices. Drawing on 61 interviews with obstetrician-gynecologists in these settings, we examine how they determine which abortions to perform. We find that they distinguish between more and less legitimate abortions, producing a narrative of stratified legitimacy that privileges abortions for intended pregnancies, when the fetus is unhealthy, and when women perform normative gendered sexuality, including distress about the abortion, guilt about failure to contracept, and desire for motherhood...
December 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855100/increasing-the-uptake-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-general-practice-the-australian-contraceptive-choice-project-accord-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#13
Danielle Mazza, Kirsten Black, Angela Taft, Jayne Lucke, Kevin McGeechan, Marion Haas, Heather McKay, Jeffery F Peipert
INTRODUCTION: The increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), such as intrauterine devices and hormonal implants, has the potential to reduce unintended pregnancy and abortion rates. However, use of LARCs in Australia is very low, despite clinical practice guidance and statements by national and international peak bodies advocating their increased use. This protocol paper describes the Australian Contraceptive ChOice pRojet (ACCORd), a cluster randomised control trial that aims to test whether an educational intervention targeting general practitioners (GPs) and establishing a rapid referral service are a cost-effective means of increasing LARC uptake...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853717/amiata-donkey-milk-chain-animal-health-evaluation-and-milk-quality
#14
Giuseppe Ragona, Franco Corrias, Martina Benedetti, Maria Paladini, Federica Salari, Lolanda Altomonte, Mina Martini
This study presents an investigation of Amiata donkey health and quality of milk for human consumption. Thirty-one lactating dairy jennies were examined. The following samples were collected: faecal samples from the rectum of animals for parasitological examination; cervical swabs for the detection of bacteria causing reproductive disorders; and blood samples for serological diagnosis of main zoonotic (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp.) and donkey abortion agents (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp., Salmonella abortus equi, Equine viral arterithis virus, Equine herpesvirus type 1)...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846128/capsules-from-the-medical-care-section-of-apha-call-to-the-public-health-clinical-community-to-practice-conscientious-provision-of-abortion-care
#15
Lisa H Harris, Ellen R Shaffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836808/mycoplasma-genitalium-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-france-a-point-prevalence-study-in-people-screened-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#16
Sabine Pereyre, Cécile Laurier Nadalié, Cécile Bébéar
OBJECTIVES: Mycoplasma genitalium and Trichomonas vaginalis are common causes of sexually transmitted infections but limited prevalence data are available in France. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of M. genitalium and T. vaginalis infections and to assess prevalence by gender, age, sample collection sites and clinical symptoms. A multicentre collection of specimens was intended to obtain a nationwide overview of the epidemiology. METHODS: Between September 2014 and January 2015, 2652 consecutive urogenital specimens submitted to the microbiology diagnostic departments of 16 French university hospitals for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae detection were collected...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836586/intrauterine-contraception-after-medical-abortion-factors-affecting-success-of-early-insertion
#17
Elina Pohjoranta, Satu Suhonen, Maarit Mentula, Oskari Heikinheimo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the success and factors affecting early intrauterine device (IUD) provision after first trimester medical termination of pregnancy (MTOP). STUDY DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of a randomized contraceptive trial assessing the long-term effects of early provision of intrauterine contraception following abortion. Altogether, 606 women undergoing MTOP were included and followed for 3 months. The intervention group (n=307) was offered an IUD (either the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system or copper-IUD) at a follow-up visit 1-4 weeks after MTOP...
November 9, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829074/fetal-outcomes-following-emergency-department-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-vaginal-bleeding-in-early-pregnancy
#18
Catherine Varner, Dahlia Balaban, Shelley McLeod, Sally Carver, Bjug Borgundvaag
OBJECTIVE: To determine 20- and 40-week fetal outcomes following documentation of fetal cardiac activity (FCA) and intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) in women at less than 20 weeks' gestation presenting to the emergency department (ED) with vaginal bleeding. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Single-centre tertiary care ED. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women at less than 20 weeks' gestation presenting to the ED with vaginal bleeding...
July 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824305/abortion-providers-professional-identity-and-restrictive-laws-a-qualitative-study
#19
Laura E Britton, Rebecca J Mercier, Mara Buchbinder, Amy G Bryant
Most studies of the impact of restrictive abortion laws have focused on patient-level outcomes. To better understand how such laws affect providers, we conducted a qualitative study of 27 abortion providers working under a restrictive law in North Carolina. Providers derived professional identity from their motivations, values, and experiences of pride related to abortion provision. The law affected their professional identities by perpetuating negative characterizations of their profession, requiring changes to patient care and communication, and creating conflicts between professional values and legal obligations...
November 8, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823998/role-of-cervical-cerclage-and-vaginal-progesterone-in-the-treatment-of-cervical-incompetence-with-without-preterm-birth-history
#20
Shao-Wei Wang, Lin-Lin Ma, Shuai Huang, Lin Liang, Jun-Rong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and its prevention is an important health-care priority. The cervical incompetence is a well-known risk factor for PTB and its incidence is about 0.1-2.0%, while there is no ideal optimum treatment recommended currently. The cervical incompetence causes about 15% of habitual abortion in 16-28 weeks. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone in the treatment of cervical incompetence with/without PTB history...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
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