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Laryngospasm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450783/-laryngospasm-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report
#1
Andrea Spielberger, Stefan Lorenzl
Laryngospasm in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a symptom seldom described in neurological literature. Despite the self limiting character it means a life threatening condition for the patient himself. This case report and the following discussion tries to look upon underlying causes and options of therapy.
February 15, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416449/effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-on-the-incidence-of-postextubation-laryngospasm-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#2
Khalid Ibrahim Aljonaieh
Objectives: The study aimed to test the effect of intraoperative intravenous (IV) lidocaine on the incidence of postextubation laryngospasm in adult patients. Methods: The prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted at tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, between January and December 2012. Seventy-two patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to receive either placebo (n = 36) or IV lidocaine (n = 36), 1 mg/kg bolus after desflurane was discontinued...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416448/intravenous-lidocaine-and-postextubation-laryngospasm
#3
EDITORIAL
Muhammad Faisal Khan, Ullah Saleem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406183/efficacy-of-a-new-dual-channel-laryngeal-mask-airway-the-lma-%C3%A2-gastro%C3%A2-airway-for-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
N C S Terblanche, C Middleton, D L Choi-Lundberg, M Skinner
BACKGROUND: Significant cardiorespiratory events are frequent in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Central to the occurrence of respiratory events is an unsecured airway. This study sought to determine the efficacy of a new laryngeal mask airway, the LMA ® Gastro TM Airway (Teleflex Medical, Athlone, Ireland), in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. New design features include a dedicated channel for oesophageal intubation and separate channel with terminal cuff for lung ventilation...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358491/ketamine-procedural-sedation-in-the-emergency-department-of-an-urban-tertiary-hospital-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#5
Zlatan Coralic, Hendry R Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, Alfredo Cortez, Jennifer Koehl, Hannah Siroker, Teri A Reynolds
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe ketamine procedural sedations and associated adverse events in low-acuity and high-acuity patients in a resource-limited ED. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of ketamine procedural sedations at the Emergency Medical Department at the Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We observed consecutive procedural sedations and recorded patient demographics, medications, vital signs, pulse oximetry, capnography and a priori defined adverse events (using standard definitions in emergency medicine sedation guidelines)...
January 22, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343232/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-pre-medication-reduces-the-required-minimum-alveolar-concentration-of-sevoflurane-for-smooth-tracheal-extubation-in-anesthetized-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Meiqin Di, Zhuqing Yang, Dansi Qi, Hongyan Lai, Junzheng Wu, Huacheng Liu, Xuefei Ye, Wangning ShangGuan, Qingquan Lian, Jun Li
BACKGROUND: It has been known that Dexmedetomidine pre-medication enhances the effects of volatile anesthetics, reduces the need of sevoflurane, and facilitates smooth extubation in anesthetized children. This present study was designed to determine the effects of different doses of intravenous dexmedetomidine pre-medication on minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane for smooth tracheal extubation (MACEX) in anesthetized children. METHODS: A total of seventy-five pediatric patients, aged 3-7 years, ASA physical status I and II, and undergoing tonsillectomy were randomized to receive intravenous saline (Group D0), dexmedetomidine 1 μg∙kg-1 (Group D1), or dexmedetomidine 2 μg∙kg-1 (Group D2) approximately 10 min before anesthesia start...
January 17, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316032/optimum-time-for-intravenous-cannulation-after-induction-with-sevoflurane-oxygen-and-nitrous-oxide-in-children-without-any-premedication
#7
Abm Kamrul Hasan, Raman Sivasankar, Salil G Nair, Wamia U Hasan, Zulaidi Latif
BACKGROUND: Intravenous cannulation is usually done in children after inhalational induction with volatile anesthetic agents. The optimum time for safe intravenous cannulation after induction with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide has been studied in premedicated children, but there is no information for the optimum time for cannulation with inhalational induction in children without premedication. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the optimum time for intravenous cannulation after the induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide in children without any premedication...
February 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288493/jet-ventilation-in-obese-patients-undergoing-airway-surgery-for-subglottic-and-tracheal-stenosis
#8
Ramez Philips, Brad deSilva, Laura Matrka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the feasibility of jet ventilation in obese patients and to compare complications of jet ventilation in obese and nonobese patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: We reviewed 46 patient charts (70 procedures) with the diagnosis of tracheal or subglottic stenosis who underwent endoscopic surgery with jet ventilation between March 2014 and January 2017. Adequacy of jet ventilation was assessed by chest rise, avoidance of endotracheal intubation, and length of case and ventilation...
December 30, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284874/low-dose-succinylcholine-to-facilitate-laryngeal-mask-airway-insertion-a-comparison-of-two-doses
#9
Leah R George, Raj Sahajanandan, Sarah Ninan
Background and Aims: Around the world, the use of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is becoming more common for different surgeries accounting for it being the dominant choice of airway in numerous surgeries. Although propofol is known to blunt the laryngeal reflexes often patient movement, coughing, and gagging occur on insertion. This study aims to identify the optimum dose of succinylcholine required to facilitate LMA insertion comparing placebo, 0.1 mg/kg and 0.25 mg/kg of succinylcholine...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284851/comparison-of-i-gel-versus-endotracheal-tube-in-patients-undergoing-elective-cesarean-section-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#10
Manohar Panneer, Saravana Babu, Prakash Murugaiyan
Background and Aim: Physiological changes during pregnancy and the sympatho adrenalstimulation during larynoscopy and intubation leads to evaluation of safe devices to secure airway during cesarean section under general anesthesia. I-gel, recently emerging effective supra glottic device found safe during general anesthesia in cesarean section. Aim of the study is to compare the hemodynamic disturbances and airway related complications of I-gel and Endotracheal tube in patients undergoing cesarean section under general anesthesia...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284841/a-retrospective-analysis-on-anesthetic-management-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-foreign-body-aspiration-propofol-and-sevoflurane-with-controlled-ventilation
#11
Rashmi Venkatesh Annigeri, Rashmi Suresh Patil
Background: Bronchoscopic removal of foreign body in the airway is one of the important life-saving procedure and demands skill and expertise on the part of the surgeon and anesthesiologist. Aim: To study the outcome of controlled ventilation during rigid bronchoscopy in children with foreign body aspiration. Materials and Methods: A review of fifty cases of foreign body in the bronchi, from January 2014 to December 2015 was undertaken in Vittal Institute of Child Care Hospital, Dharwad, through patient case records...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258438/supreme%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airway-use-in-general-anesthesia-for-category-2-and-3-cesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Shi Yang Li, Wei Yu Yao, Yong Jin Yuan, Wen Shu Tay, Nian-Lin Reena Han, Rehena Sultana, Pryseley N Assam, Alex Tiong-Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng
BACKGROUND: The Supreme™ laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) is a single-use LMA with double lumen design that allows separation of the respiratory and the alimentary tract, hence potentially reducing the gastric volume and risk of aspiration. The purpose of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the the role of the SLMA as an airway technique for women undergoing category 2 and 3 Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia. METHODS: We recruited 584 parturients who underwent category 2 or 3 Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia, in which 193 parturients underwent category 2 and 391 parturients underwent category 3 Cesarean delivery...
December 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239751/feasibility-of-single-vs-two-physician-procedural-sedation-in-a-small-community-emergency-department
#13
Clayton P Josephy, David R Vinson
OBJECTIVE: Sedation is commonly required for painful procedures in the emergency department (ED). Some facilities mandate two physicians be present for deep sedation cases. Evidence is lacking, however, that a two-physician approach improves safety outcomes. We report our experience on the feasibility of replacing a two-physician ED procedural sedation policy with a single-physician policy in a small, single-coverage community ED. METHODS: This is a retrospective, before/after, single-center observational study of prospectively collected data from January 2013 through December 2016...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168911/pre-operative-parameters-do-not-reliably-identify-post-operative-respiratory-risk-in-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#14
Surendran Thavagnanam, Saou Y Cheong, Karuthan Chinna, Anna M Nathan, Jessie A de Bruyne
AIM: Adenotonsillectomy is performed in children with recurrent tonsillitis or obstructive sleep apnoea. Children at risk of post-operative respiratory complications are recommended to be monitored in paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The aim of the study is to review the risk factors for post-operative complications and admissions to PICU. METHODS: A review of medical records of children who underwent adenotonsillectomy between January 2011 and December 2014 was performed...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152207/endotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-difficult-airway-using-laryngeal-mask-airway-with-bougie-versus-video-laryngoscopy
#15
Hesameddin Modir, Esmail Moshiri, Bita Malekianzadeh, Gholamreza Noori, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi
Airway management is essential for safe anesthesia and endotracheal intubation is the most important procedure by which critically ill patients can be better managed, especially if done quickly and successfully. This study aimed to compare the techniques of intubation through laryngeal mask airway (LMA) using a bougie versus video laryngoscopy (VL) regarding to intubation success and the quality of intubation indices in patients with difficult airways. This randomized clinical trial was performed on 96 patients aged 16-76 years with Mallampati class 3 or 4 who underwent elective surgery...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132594/ketamine-sedation-for-patients-with-acute-behavioral-disturbance-during-aeromedical-retrieval-a-retrospective-chart-review
#16
Vinay Gangathimmaiah, Minh Le Cong, Mike Wilson, Kate Hooper, Andrew Perry, Luke Burman, Nathan Puckeridge, Brian J Maguire
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, safety (as measured by the incidence of adverse events), and effectiveness (as measured by the incidence of intubations) of ketamine sedation in patients with acute behavioral disturbance (ABD) during air medical retrieval. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Eligible patients were identified by searching the electronic databases of 2 air medical retrieval services in Queensland, Australia, for adult patients with ABD transported between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2016...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103448/adverse-clinical-events-reported-during-invisalign-treatment-analysis-of-the-maude-database
#17
Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Sankeerth Rampa, Veerajalandhar Allareddy
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to examine adverse clinical events after the use of the Invisalign system and to provide an overview of the actions taken by the manufacturer to address these events. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience database of the United States Food and Drug Administration was used. All medical device reports reported to the United States Food and Drug Administration pertaining to products of Align Technology from November 1, 2006, to November 30, 2016, were analyzed...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054715/-negative-pressure-pulmonary-edema-following-a-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#18
A Tebay, K Bouti, N Tebay
Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) or post-obstructive pulmonary edema (POPE) is a rare but a life threatening respiratory situation. The most frequent cause of NPPE is a post anesthetic laryngospasm. Edema is developed after relief of upper airway obstruction. Its incidence is 0.1 % of general anesthesia with tracheal intubation. We report this clinical case of a 28-year-old woman, who developed dyspnea followed by acute respiratory distress with unilateral pulmonary edema after extubation following general anesthesia for cholecystectomy under celioscopy...
October 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051828/intubation-following-high-dose-rocuronium-in-a-cat-with-protracted-laryngospasm
#19
Graeme M Doodnaught, Daniel Sj Pang
CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat with a history of laryngospasm at induction of general anesthesia presented for dental evaluation and treatment. The cat was premedicated with hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg) and alfaxalone (0.5 mg/kg) intravenously, pre-oxygenated for 5 mins (3 l/min, face mask) and anesthesia was induced with alfaxalone (to effect) intravenously. Lidocaine (0.1 ml, 2%) was applied topically to the arytenoid cartilages following loss of jaw tone...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045961/-effects-of-recent-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-on-incidence-of-the-perioperative-respiratory-adverse-events-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
C Q Li, D X Wang, T Cheng, X Y Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the recent upper respiratory tract infections (URI) on the incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children scheduled to undergo general anesthesia and elective surgery. METHODS: In the study, 232 children undergoing general anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for elective ophthalmic surgeries at Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China, from Nov. 1, 2015 to May 10, 2016 were enrolled. On the day of the surgery, the parents of the children were preoperatively asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding the baseline characteristics and medical history of the children, including gender, age, height, weight, history of URI within the last 2 weeks before anesthesia, history of premature, long-term passive smoking exposure, habitual sleep snoring, and history of asthma...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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