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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438708/psychopharmacological-modulation-of-event-related-potentials-suggests-that-first-hand-pain-and-empathy-for-pain-rely-on-similar-opioidergic-processes
#1
M Rütgen, E-M Seidel, C Pletti, I Riečanský, A Gartus, C Eisenegger, C Lamm
Accumulating evidence suggests that empathy for pain recruits similar neural processes as the first-hand experience of pain. The pain-related P2, an event-related potential component, has been suggested as a reliable indicator of neural processes associated with first-hand pain. Recent evidence indicates that placebo analgesia modulates this component for both first-hand pain and empathy for pain. Moreover, a psychopharmacological study showed that administration of an opioid antagonist blocked the effects of placebo analgesia on self-report of both first-hand pain and empathy for pain...
April 21, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438186/mortality-and-infectious-complications-of-therapeutic-endovascular-interventional-radiology-a-systematic-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#2
Kaoutar Mellouk Aid, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Karin Lebascle, Stephane Silvera, Pascal Astagneau, Benoit Misset
BACKGROUND: Endovascular interventional radiology (EIR) is an increasingly popular, mini invasive treatment option for patient with symptomatic vascular disease. The EIR practiced by qualified hands is an effective, well-tolerated procedure that offers relief of patient's symptoms with a low risk of complications. During acute post procedural period, immediate complications may relate to vascular access, restenosis, thromboembolic events, uterine ischemia, infection, necrosis, sepsis, ICU stay, surgical recovery, pain management, treatment failure, and death...
April 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436375/evaluation-of-treatment-of-low-energy-distal-radial-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Mariusz Tomaszuk, Jan Kiryluk, Andrzej Tomaszuk, Janusz Popko
BACKGROUND: Distal radial fractures are one of the most common injuries seen in traumatology. Most are treated conservatively with closed reduction and immobilisation in a plaster cast. However, this method does not always allow for achieving and maintaining normal fracture reduction in unstable fractures. The aim of this study was assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of treatment of distal radial fractures depending on the method used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 77 postmenopausal female subjects were divided into three subgroups, depending on the treatment methods: 1...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435575/outpatient-percutaneous-release-of-trigger-finger-a-cost-effective-and-safe-procedure
#4
Z Marij, Q Aurangzeb, H R Rizwan, R Haroon, M H Pervaiz
INTRODUCTION: Trigger finger is a common cause of pain and disability of the hand. Percutaneous release results in earlier functional recovery and patient satisfaction. This is a rapid and cost-effective method which saves a surgical procedure and results in better functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted on fifty-two fingers and thumbs in 52 patients treated from 1st July 2014 till 31st December 2014, in the Orthopaedic Section, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435574/subungual-glomus-tumours-is-magnetic-resonance-imaging-or-ultrasound-necessary-for-diagnosis
#5
C R Pandey, N Singh, B Tamang
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of subungual glomus tumour is mostly based on detailed history and clinical examination. Recently, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Ultrasound have been proposed as the imaging modality to confirm the clinical diagnosis and in planning the surgical management of these tumours. However, these imaging modalities are not routinely available in rural setting and also are expensive. Due to these limitations, we set out to establish that diagnosis and management of these rare tumours can be based solely on a battery of clinical tests and history taking...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435563/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-calcific-tendinopathy-of-elbow-extensor-tendons-a-case-report
#6
M Abate, V Salini, C Schiavone
We report the efficacy of the ultrasound-guided percutaneous treatment in the management of elbow extensor tendons calcific tendinopathy. The ultrasound-guided percutaneous treatment is broadly used with positive results in patients suffering from rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy. However, this interventional method has been reported only in one patient in the medical literature. A 34 years-old female who complained pain, swelling and severe functional limitation of the right elbow was referred to our unit...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435553/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-young-dentists-in-indonesia
#7
P Phedy, L Gatam
Introduction: Musculoskeletal problems are often work related. Dentists have been reported to have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. Dentists have to perform repetitive tasks, often in awkward and nonergonomic positions in their practice. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Five-hundred copies of Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire were distributed to dentists who participated in a congress of a regional branch of the Indonesian Dentist Association. Data such as sex, length of practice, the presence of assistance, smoking, occupational stress, body mass index, hand dominance, and exercise were collected...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435335/what-is-the-effect-of-a-shoulder-strengthening-program-to-prevent-shoulder-pain-among-junior-female-team-handball-players
#8
Maria Sommervold, Håvard Østerås
BACKGROUND: Excessively high stresses are applied to the shoulder joint of handball players, mainly caused by overhead throwing. Shoulder pain is a significant problem among junior female team handball players and both male and female top-level team handball players in Norway. METHOD: A randomized selection was performed among the best female junior teams (J 16) in the Trøndelag region of Norway in the 2014-2015 season. Three teams were randomized to the intervention group and three teams to the control group...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435323/ambulatory-thyroidectomy-an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Benjamin Murray, Sankalap Tandon, Ged Dempsey
Thyroidectomy has been performed on an inpatient basis because of concerns regarding postoperative complications. These include cervical hematoma, bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and symptomatic hypocalcemia. We have reviewed the current available evidence and aimed to collate published data to generate incidence of the important complications. We performed a literature search of Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane database of randomized trials. One hundred sixty papers were included. Twenty-one papers fulfilled inclusion criteria...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435232/self-reported-adherence-and-associated-factors-to-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-for-latent-tuberculosis-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-at-health-centers-in-gondar-town-north-west-ethiopia
#10
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Seyfe Asrade Atnafie, Demis Driba Balcha, Asegedech Tsegaw Weredekal, Birhanu Alemayehu Woldegiorgis, Mulgeta Melaku Wotte, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillasie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess self-reported adherence and associated factors to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for latent tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at health centers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institution-based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from March 10 to June 11, 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants were included in the study, using the simple random sampling method, from the available four health centers and one teaching referral hospital that provided antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435129/laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy-the-%C3%A2-6points-%C3%A2-technique
#11
Marie Schaub Resident, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisramé, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Arnaud Wattiez, Cherif Youssef Akladios
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Illustrate laparoscopic sacral colpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse, a new method using a simplified mesh fixation technique, with only six fixation points DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (educative video) The video was approved by the local IRB. SETTING: University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENTS: Women with multicompartment prolapse INTERVENTION: First, we dissect the promontorium, and vertically incise the posterior parietal peritoneum on the right pelvic sidewall until the pouch of Douglas...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434833/metaphyseal-versus-diaphyseal-ulnar-shortening-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-ulnar-impaction-syndrome-a-comparative-study
#12
Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Fiesky A Nuñez, Tunc Kiymaz, Fiesky A Nuñez, Zhongyu Li
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes and complication rates of diaphyseal and metaphyseal ulnar shortening osteotomies for the treatment of ulnar abutment syndrome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study comparing 35 patients who underwent either a metaphyseal (n = 14) or diaphyseal (n = 21) osteotomy. Radiographic and clinical outcomes were compared. Complication rates including infection, hardware removal, and reoperations were also assessed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434187/ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injection-of-the-radio-ulnar-radio-humeral-joints-and-ultrasound-guided-dry-needling-of-the-affected-limb-muscles-to-relieve-fixed-pronation-deformity-and-myofascial-issues-around-the-shoulder-in-a-case-of-complex-regional
#13
Renuka Pai, Lakshmi Vas
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) occurs due to different pathophysiological mechanisms. Presently there is no description of definitive treatment that can resolve the especially recalcitrant motor issues of disability in CRPS-1. CASE REPORT: We have herein described the successful management of motor disability with a multi-modal approach in a patient with CRPS-1 that occurred as a result of a fracture sustained in the lower end of the radius. Sensory/sudomotor/vasomotor symptoms were relieved completely by medications and stellate ganglion block, in two weeks...
April 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433860/cognitive-intrusion-of-pain-and-catastrophic-thinking-independently-explain-interference-of-pain-in-the-activities-of-daily-living
#14
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Paul T Ogink, Ragini Jha, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patients with musculoskeletal illness often report that pain interferes with their ability to engage in activities of daily living. Catastrophic thinking is consistently depicted as an important cognitive factor that hinders adjustment to pain. Current research has also shown that pain negatively impacts an individual's ability to maintain attention on the task at hand. While a measure of the experience of cognitive intrusion of pain (ECIP) has been recently developed to quantify the extent of that impact, little research has explored this issue in everyday settings...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433443/arthroscopic-debridement-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-a-prospective-randomized-comparative-study-of-chronic-lateral-epicondylitis-with-a-nearly-2-year-follow-up
#15
Giovanni Merolla, Fabio Dellabiancia, Annamaria Ricci, Maria Pia Mussoni, Simonetta Nucci, Gustavo Zanoli, Paolo Paladini, Giuseppe Porcellini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized study was to compare the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and arthroscopic lateral release in treating chronic lateral epicondylitis (LE). METHODS: Patients who had a clinical diagnosis of LE confirmed by ultrasound (US) were included in this study. A total of 101 patients received arthroscopic release (n = 50) or US-guided PRP injections (n = 51). Outcomes were assessed using a visual analog scale for pain, the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE), and a calibrated hand dynamometer for grip strength...
April 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430721/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-primary-arthroplasty-versus-secondary-arthroplasty-following-failed-proximal-humeral-locking-plate-fixation
#16
Emilio Sebastia-Forcada, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Román Cebrian-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) between patients with failed proximal humeral locking plate (PHLP) fixation and those with acute fractures. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, level I trauma center. PATIENTS: 30 consecutive patients with fracture sequelae due to failed PHLP fixation (mean age 73) were age- and gender-matched to 30 patients with acute fracture (mean age 75)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428914/development-and-validation-of-a-disease-specific-questionnaire-for-basal-joint-arthritis
#17
Peter C Noback, Joseph M Lombardi, Mani Seetharaman, Donald H Lee, Robert J Strauch, Melvin P Rosenwasser
Background The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is the most commonly used instrument to assess outcomes of basal joint arthritis (BJA). However, the DASH is subject to influence by the entire upper extremity. Purpose This study aims to develop and validate a disease-specific questionnaire for BJA that would be more sensitive to changes in thumb function and pain, and correlate better with objective and subjective metrics. Patients and Methods The thumb disability examination (TDX) was developed and 80 patients presenting with BJA at one of the two hospital-based hand clinics were enrolled in the validation study...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428911/early-rehabilitation-of-distal-radius-fractures-stabilized-by-volar-locking-plate-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#18
Stefan Quadlbauer, Christoph Pezzei, Josef Jurkowitsch, Brigitta Kolmayr, Tina Keuchel, Daniel Simon, Thomas Hausner, Martin Leixnering
Background Distal radius fractures are very common and an increased incidence of 50% is estimated by 2030. Therefore, both operative and postsurgical treatment remains pertinent. Main aim in treating intra-articular fractures is to restore the articular surface by internal fixation and early mobilization (EM). Questions/Purposes The purpose of this study was to compare functional results between EM immediately after surgery and 5 weeks of immobilization (IM). Patients and Methods In a randomized prospective study, 30 patients with an isolated distal radius fracture were treated by open reduction and internal fixation using a single volar locking plate excluding bone graft...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427870/all-endoscopic-brachial-plexus-complete-neurolysis-for-idiopathic-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#19
Thibault Lafosse, Malo Le Hanneur, Laurent Lafosse
PURPOSE: To describe an all-endoscopic technique for infra- and supraclavicular brachial plexus (BP) neurolysis and to assess its functional outcomes for patients suffering from nonspecific neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2013, 36 patients presenting an idiopathic nonspecific NTOS benefited from an endoscopic decompression in our institution. The inclusion criteria were a typical clinical NTOS and failure of a 6-month well-conducted nonsurgical treatment...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426903/the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-in-treating-scleroderma-associated-raynaud-s-phenomenon-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-assessing
#20
Ricardo J Bello, Carisa M Cooney, Eitan Melamed, Keith Follmar, Gayane Yenokyan, Gwendolyn Leatherman, Ami A Shah, Fredrick M Wigley, Laura K Hummers, Scott D Lifchez
Objective To assess the therapeutic efficacy of local injections with Botulinum Toxin Type-A (Btx-A) in improving blood flow to the hands of patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon (RP) secondary to scleroderma. Methods In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial (http://ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02165111), patients with scleroderma-associated RP received Btx-A (50 units in 2.5 mL) in one randomly selected hand and sterile saline (2.5 mL) in the opposite hand. Follow-up at 1 and 4 months post-injection included Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI) of hands, patient-reported outcomes, and physical exam...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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