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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742468/native-septic-arthritis-is-not-an-immediate-surgical-emergency
#1
Nicolas Lauper, Marie Davat, Ergys Gjika, Camillo Müller, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Pittet, Benjamin A Lipsky, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Acute native joint septic arthritis is generally considered a surgical emergency, requiring drainage within hours, including during night, weekend or holiday shifts. However, there are few data supporting the need for the disruption caused by this degree of urgency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients seen in our medical center from 1997-2015 with culture-proven septic arthritis and noted the epidemiology of sequelae, and their possible association with a delay in surgical drainage...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739081/subclasses-of-monoclonal-type-i-immunoglobulin-g-cryoglobulins-report-on-two-distinct-cases-with-myeloma
#2
Tania Petersen, Sebastien Riviere, Stephanie Malbos, Yannick Chantran, Aicha Abbas, Francois Chasset, Arsene Mekinian, Jeremie Sellam, Laurent Garderet, Pierre Aucouturier
BACKGROUND: While different clinical manifestations of IgM and IgG monoclonal cryoglobulins have been demonstrated, little is known about the roles of IgG subclasses in the pathophysiology of these conditions. METHODS: In two cases of myeloma-associated monoclonal (type I) cryoglobulinemia with quite distinct clinical and biological features, serum samples were analyzed using an original IgG subclass-specific immunoblotting technique. RESULTS: The first case had painful arthritis of hands and feet, with skin purpura and a sharp decrease of complement C4 level, and the cryoglobulin was of IgG1 subclass...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720260/smoking-body-mass-index-disease-activity-and-the-risk-of-rapid-radiographic-progression-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Emil Rydell, Kristina Forslind, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Carl Turesson
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for rapid joint destruction in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be helpful for optimizing treatment, and improving our understanding of destructive arthritis and its mechanisms. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between early RA patient characteristics and subsequent rapid radiographic progression (RRP). METHODS: An inception cohort of patients with early RA (symptom duration < 12 months), recruited during 1995-2005 from a defined area (Malmö, Sweden), was investigated...
May 2, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685482/patient-acceptable-symptom-state-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-patient-reported-outcomes-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-personalized-physical-therapy-to-usual-care
#4
Camille Daste, François Rannou, Luc Mouthon, Katherine Sanchez, Alexandra Roren, Vincent Tiffreau, Éric Hachulla, Philippe Thoumie, Jean Cabane, Emmanuel Chatelus, Jean Sibilia, Serge Poiraudeau, Christelle Nguyen
BACKGROUND: To estimate patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for patient-reported outcomes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the SCLEREDUC trial, a 12-month randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of physical therapy to usual care in 220 SSc patients followed-up from September 2005 to October 2010. Self-rated state and change in patient health at 12 months were assessed by using 2 external anchors extracted from the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form...
March 27, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685466/gonococcal-tenosynovitis-diagnosed-with-the-aid-of-emergency-department-bedside-ultrasound
#5
Edward Carlin, Colleen Urban, Jessica Sidle, Angela Cirilli, Jennifer Larson, Mark Richman, Daniel Dexeus
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhea is the second most common sexually transmitted infection. Disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI) consists of gonococcal infection plus one or more of the triad of arthritis, tenosynovitis, and dermatitis. Diagnosis in the emergency department (ED) must be suspected clinically, as confirmatory tests are often not available. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can aid in diagnosis and appropriate management by identifying tenosynovitis and excluding arthritis. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old man with multiple recent sex partners presented to the ED with slowly progressing right wrist pain and swelling over 5 days...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661183/linguistic-validation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-british-english-versions-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-dash-questionnaire-and-quickdash-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Alison Hammond, Yeliz Prior, Sarah Tyson
BACKGROUND: Although the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is widely used in the UK, no British English version is available. The aim of this study was to linguistically validate the DASH into British English and then test the reliability and validity of the British English DASH, (including the Work and Sport/Music DASH) and QuickDASH, in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The DASH was forward translated, reviewed by an expert panel and cognitive debriefing interviews undertaken with 31 people with RA...
April 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626222/measuring-hand-grip-strength-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
Susie C Higgins, Jo Adams, Rodney Hughes
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease with a particular predilection for causing pain, deformity and functional limitation affecting the hands. Measures of the severity of RA, such as the disease activity score with 28 joint count may not fully reflect the regional impact of RA on the hands. Hand grip strength measurements are a form of objective assessment that focuses specifically on the hands in RA. This review explores what is currently known about the assessment of hand grip strength; what it may indicate, how it is measured, some of the practical aspects and challenges associated with performing these tests, and how this information can be applied in a clinical setting...
May 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619888/proximal-interphalangeal-joint-silicone-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-midterm-outcomes
#8
Nima Naghshineh, Kanu Goyal, Juan M Giugale, Mithun K Neral, Joel V Ferreira, Glenn A Buterbaugh, Joseph E Imbriglia
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint affects a large percentage of the population and can lead to significant functional disability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of PIP joint arthroplasty for nonrheumatic arthritis. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study evaluating preoperative and postoperative objective and subjective measures was conducted. Range of motion (ROM), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scores, key pinch strength, grip strength, and satisfaction with respect to pain, deformity, function, and strength were measured...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619064/a-traditional-herbal-formula-xianlinggubao-for-pain-control-and-function-improvement-in-patients-with-knee-and-hand-osteoarthritis-a-multicenter-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#9
Fei Wang, Lei Shi, Yaonan Zhang, Kunzheng Wang, Fuxing Pei, Hanmin Zhu, Zhanjun Shi, Tianzun Tao, Zhihua Li, Ping Zeng, Xiaobing Wang, Quan Ji, Ling Qin, Qingxun Xue
Evidence of efficacy of a traditional herbal formula Xianlinggubao (XLGB) for treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) is limited. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of XLGB in the management of patients with knee and hand OA. This was a multicenter, stratified, open-label, randomized controlled trial conducted at six centers in China. People aged 40 or above, diagnosed with OA of the knee or hand, were randomly assigned to the XLGB treatment group or watchful waiting control group. Main outcome measures were the changes in the numeric pain rating scales (NPRS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) or the Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) scores, from baseline to 6 months...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618419/proximal-row-carpectomy-using-decellularized-dermal-allograft
#10
REVIEW
Remy V Rabinovich, Steven J Lee
Wrist arthritis is a common problem. When managed early, motion-sparing procedures can be performed with successful outcomes. Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) has demonstrated good functional results and high patient satisfaction with up to 20-year follow-up. The majority of patients with longer follow-up have, however, exhibited radiographic signs of progressive degeneration of the radiocapitate space. Although radiographic changes have not been shown to correlate with wrist pain and function, it remains a concern and questions the durability of the radiocapitate articulation with continued patient follow-up, especially those who underwent the original procedure at a younger age...
April 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510810/structural-joint-damage-and-hand-bone-loss-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Midtbøll Ørnbjerg Lykke
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by pain, swelling and progressive destruction of the joints leading to loss of function and invalidity. The bone destruction in RA is characterised by two distinct features: structural joint damage and hand bone loss, and their prevention is an important treatment goal. Inhibitors of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-inhibitors) have markedly improved the treatment options in RA patients who fail treatment with conventional synthetic Disease Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs (sDMARDS), but their effectiveness with regards to structural joint damage and hand bone loss, predictors thereof and the association with disease activity during treatment have mainly been investigated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with limited generalizability due to strict in- and exclusion criteria...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503049/survival-and-long-term-outcomes-of-thumb-metacarpal-extension-osteotomy-for-symptomatic-carpometacarpal-laxity-and-early-basal-joint-arthritis
#12
Abdo Bachoura, Eric J Yakish, John D Lubahn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the survival and long-term outcomes of thumb metacarpal extension osteotomy for early carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis. METHODS: Patients who underwent a thumb extension osteotomy between years 2000 and 2011 were identified. Patient demographics, complications, and reoperations were recorded. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used with subsequent CMC surgery defined as failure. Patients who had undergone surgery 10 years or more before the study date underwent radiographic assessment, grip and pinch strength testing, and completed the Patient Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation (PRWHE) and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaires...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463128/distal-scaphoid-excision-in-treatment-of-symptomatic-scaphoid-nonunion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Cory K Mayfield, Daniel J Gould, Marie Dusch, Amir Mostofi
BACKGROUND: Current treatment options for persistent scaphoid nonunion are limited to salvage procedures such as proximal row carpectomy (PRC) or 4-corner fusion (4CF). Several small studies have demonstrated that distal scaphoid excision may provide a simpler alternative with faster recovery. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of distal scaphoid excision as a treatment option for symptomatic scaphoid nonunion. METHODS: The MEDLINE and PubMed databases were searched for the use of distal scaphoid excision in scaphoid nonunions...
February 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459986/hydroxychloroquine-effectiveness-in-reducing-symptoms-of-hand-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-trial
#14
Sarah R Kingsbury, Puvan Tharmanathan, Ada Keding, Sarah J Ronaldson, Andrew Grainger, Richard J Wakefield, Catherine Arundel, Fraser Birrell, Michael Doherty, Tonia Vincent, Fiona E Watt, Krysia Dziedzic, Terence W O'Neill, Nigel K Arden, David L Scott, John Dickson, Toby Garrood, Michael Green, Ajit Menon, Tom Sheeran, David Torgerson, Philip G Conaghan
Background: Synovitis is believed to play a role in producing symptoms in persons with hand osteoarthritis, but data on slow-acting anti-inflammatory treatments are sparse. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine versus placebo as an analgesic treatment of hand osteoarthritis. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with 12-month follow-up. (ISRCTN registry number: ISRCTN91859104). Setting: 13 primary and secondary care centers in England...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444664/the-knitting-community-based-trial-for-older-women-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hands-design-and-rationale-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Paulette Guitard, Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Nicole Paquet, Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Sibel Z Aydin, Guillaume Léonard, Gino De Angelis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) has been reported to be higher amongst women over 50 years old (66%) compared to men of the same age (34%). Although exercise therapy has been shown effective in reducing symptoms and disability associated with HOA, adherence to treatment programs remains low. The primary objective of this RCT is to examine the effectiveness of a 12-week knitting program for morning stiffness (primary outcome) and pain relief (secondary outcome) 2 h post-wakening in females (aged 50 to 85 years old) with mild to moderate hand osteoarthritis (HOA)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409422/results-of-the-volar-approach-in-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthroplasty
#16
Scott F M Duncan, Anthony A Smith, Kevin J Renfree, Ross M Dunbar, Marianne V Merritt
BACKGROUND: Most hand surgeons use a dorsal approach for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint implant arthroplasty. However, a volar approach offers the advantage of no disturbance to the extensor mechanism, thus allowing early initiation of active range of motion. We examined our results in patients who underwent PIP joint arthroplasty via a volar approach. METHODS: Using a retrospective chart review, we evaluated the outcomes of patients undergoing PIP joint arthroplasty through a volar approach between 2001 and 2005 by 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons at our institution...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409414/postoperative-infection-related-with-the-total-elbow-arthroplasty-kudo-s-prosthesis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Michio Minami, Makoto Kondo, Yasuhiko Nishio, Koji Suzuki, Sadatoshi Kato, Sumito Kawamura, Hiroyuki Kato, Akio Minami
BACKGROUND: Total Elbow Arthroplasty (TEA) for the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been popularized since 1980s. The outcomes of TEA using any type of implant design for RA has been satisfactory. On the other hand, many orthopedicians experience several postoperative complications. Among them, postoperative infection has still being the most troublesome and difficult to treat. This study is to clarify the causes of postoperative infection of TEA using Kudo's prosthesis for RA and discuss how to manage and prevent infection...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397575/genotype-phenotype-investigation-of-35-patients-from-11-unrelated-families-with-camptodactyly-arthropathy-coxa-vara-pericarditis-cacp-syndrome
#18
Saliha Yilmaz, Dilek Uludağ Alkaya, Özgür Kasapçopur, Kenan Barut, Ekin S Akdemir, Cemre Celen, Mark W Youngblood, Katsuhito Yasuno, Kaya Bilguvar, Murat Günel, Beyhan Tüysüz
BACKGROUND: The camptodactyly-arthropathy-coxa vara-pericarditis syndrome (CACP) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by camptodactyly, noninflammatory arthropathy, coxa vara, and pericarditis. CACP is caused by mutations in the proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) gene, which encodes a lubricating glycoprotein present in the synovial fluid and at the surface of articular cartilage. METHODS: In the present study, we compared the clinical and molecular findings of CACP syndrome in 35 patients from 11 unrelated families...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384844/modified-trapeziectomy-with-ligament-reconstruction-tendon-interposition-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-thumb-carpometacarpal-arthritis-a-case-report
#19
Ji Peng You, Lu Lu, Cong Jie Li, Bao Ren, Tao Wang
RATIONALE: Thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis is a common disease. Various procedures have been described for the treatment of advanced thumb CMC arthritis. This essay shows a CMC arthritis case treated by modified trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction tendon interposition (LRTI). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old Chinese female complained of pain and swelling at the base of the left thumb for 10 years. Visual analog scale (VAS) for thumb was 7 points, Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score was 51 points, and Kapandji score was 6 points before surgery...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383269/treatment-of-pisotriquetral-arthritis-by-pyrocarbon-interposition-arthroplasty
#20
Philippe Bellemère, Marion Aribert, Hussein Choughri, Marc Leroy, Etienne Gaisne
Purpose  Pisiformectomy is the baseline treatment for pisotriquetral arthritis when medical treatment fails to address the problem. This operation may lead to loss of mobility and strength in the wrist. This study reports the short-term outcomes of a new technique for treating pisotriquetral arthritis using a pisotriquetral interposition arthroplasty with a pyrocarbon implant. Patients and Methods  We performed a clinical and radiographic study on a series of eight patients who received this treatment at a mean follow-up of 2...
February 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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