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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213149/high-electrocapacitive-performance-of-bowl-like-monodispersed-porous-carbon-nanoparticles-prepared-with-an-interfacial-self-assembly-process
#1
Shuxia Zhang, Qiang Weng, Fengqi Zhao, Hongxu Gao, Pei Chen, Xinbing Chen, Zhongwei An
Bowl-like monodispersed porous carbon nanoparticles (BMPCNs) have been successfully prepared with a facile and scalable approach, and the as-prepared BMPCNs are examined thoroughly by various physical characterizations. Physical measurements display that BMPCNs have the high surface area (1255m(2)g(-1)), hierarchical porosity, a certain amount of oxygen-containing groups and high graphitization degree. These unique structure features endow BMPCNs with a high capacitance (281Fg(-1) at 0.5Ag(-1)), excellent rate capability (209Fg(-1) at 50Ag(-1)), and outstanding cycling stability (94...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213108/intestinal-transport-and-absorption-of-bioactive-phenolic-compounds-from-a-chemically-characterized-aqueous-extract-of-athrixia-phylicoides
#2
Sandra L Bowles, Yonela Ntamo, Christiaan J Malherbe, Abidemi M P Kappo, Johan Louw, Christo J F Muller
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Athrixia phylicoides (A. phylicoides), popularly known as "bush tea", is an indigenous aromatic shrub found in mountainous and grassland areas of the northern and eastern parts of southern Africa. The plant is traditionally used for the treatment of several ailments, including coughing, treating infected wounds, treating boils and sore throat, hypertension and heart disease. Potential anti-diabetic effects have also been demonstrated in vitro. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the intestinal transport of prominent phenolic constituents, across a fully differentiated Caco-2 monolayer, using a characterized aqueous extract of A...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210782/toll-like-receptor-signaling-and-stages-of-addiction
#3
REVIEW
Fulton T Crews, T Jordan Walter, Leon G Coleman, Ryan P Vetreno
BACKGROUND: Athina Markou and her colleagues discovered persistent changes in adult behavior following adolescent exposure to ethanol or nicotine consistent with increased risk for developing addiction. Building on Dr. Markou's important work and that of others in the field, researchers at the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies have found that persistent changes in behavior following adolescent stress or alcohol exposure may be linked to induction of immune signaling in brain. AIM: This study aims to illuminate the critical interrelationship of the innate immune system (e...
February 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207766/climate-change-across-seasons-experiment-ccase-a-new-method-for-simulating-future-climate-in-seasonally-snow-covered-ecosystems
#4
Pamela H Templer, Andrew B Reinmann, Rebecca Sanders-DeMott, Patrick O Sorensen, Stephanie M Juice, Francis Bowles, Laura E Sofen, Jamie L Harrison, Ian Halm, Lindsey Rustad, Mary E Martin, Nicholas Grant
Climate models project an increase in mean annual air temperatures and a reduction in the depth and duration of winter snowpack for many mid and high latitude and high elevation seasonally snow-covered ecosystems over the next century. The combined effects of these changes in climate will lead to warmer soils in the growing season and increased frequency of soil freeze-thaw cycles (FTCs) in winter due to the loss of a continuous, insulating snowpack. Previous experiments have warmed soils or removed snow via shoveling or with shelters to mimic projected declines in the winter snowpack...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203429/chronic-expanding-hematoma-a-late-complication-45-years-after-thoracoplasty
#5
Akio Sakamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
A chronic expanding hematoma is a hematoma with long term, continuous growth. A 69-year-old male presented with an extra-thoracic chronic expanding hematoma 45 years after thoracoplasty. Six months prior to his visit with us, he had noticed a slight swelling on his back. Three months before his visit with us, the size of the swollen area gradually increased after bowling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an extra-thoracic lesion measuring 120 mm in diameter. Heterogeneous signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images inside the lesion was reflected as hematoma of various ages...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202350/chronic-social-instability-increases-anxiety-like-behavior-and-ethanol-preference-in-male-long-evans-rats
#6
Alyssa R Roeckner, Alexandra Bowling, Tracy R Butler
Chronic stress during adolescence is related to increased prevalence of anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorders in humans. This phenotype has been consistently recapitulated in animal models with male subjects, but models using female subjects are fewer. The aim of these studies was to test the hypothesis that chronic social instability (CSI) during adolescence engenders increased anxiety-like behavior, increased corticosterone, and greater ethanol intake and/or preference than control groups in male and female rats...
February 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192667/decasilahexahydrotriquinacene-and-decasilaisotwistane-%C3%AF-conjugation-on-a-bowl-surface
#7
Akihiro Tsurusaki, Yu Koyama, Soichiro Kyushin
The first bowl-shaped oligosilane, hexadecamethyldecasilahexahydrotriquinacene (1), and a related oligosilane, hexadecamethyldecasilaisotwistane (2), were synthesized, and their structures and properties were studied. The results revealed importance of σ conjugation on a bowl surface: the HOMOs of 1 are σ orbitals delocalized on the bowl surface, while the LUMO is a pseudo π* orbital on the convex and concave sides of the bowl surface.
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182980/bowling-alone-dying-together-the-role-of-social-capital-in-mitigating-the-drug-overdose-epidemic-in-the-united-states
#8
Michael J Zoorob, Jason L Salemi
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose deaths have risen precipitously over the last fifteen years. Substantial geographic variation, beyond a simple rural-urban dichotomy, exists in the concentration of overdose deaths, suggesting the existence of as-yet unidentified environmental variables that predict resilience (or vulnerability) to drug overdoses. Motivated by reports highlighting the role of community fragility in the opioid epidemic, we explore whether social capital attenuates overdose death rates...
January 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173839/characterisation-of-larval-habitats-species-composition-and-factors-associated-with-the-seasonal-abundance-of-mosquito-fauna-in-gezira-sudan
#9
Mostafa M Mahgoub, Eliningaya J Kweka, Yousif E Himeidan
BACKGROUND: Larval source management (LSM), which requires an understanding of the ecology and composition of the local mosquito fauna, is an important parameter in successful vector control programmes. The present study was conducted to understand the distribution of larval habitats, species composition and factors associated with the seasonal abundance of mosquito larvae in Gezira irrigation Scheme in Gezira state, central Sudan. METHODS: Cross-sectional larval surveys were carried out in the communities of Barakat (urban) and El-Kareiba (semi-urban), in Wad Madani, Gezira...
February 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170146/double-concave-cesium-encapsulation-by-two-charged-sumanenyl-bowls
#10
Sarah N Spisak, Zheng Wei, Andrey Yu Rogachev, Toru Amaya, Toshikazu Hirao, Marina A Petrukhina
The controlled reaction of Na and Cs, two alkali metals of different ionic sizes and binding abilities, with sumanene (C21 H12 ) affords a novel type of organometallic sandwich [Cs(C21 H11(-) )2 ](-) , which crystallized as a solvent-separated ion pair with a [Na(18-crown-6)(THF)2 ](+) cation (where THF=tetrahydrofuran). The unprecedented double concave encapsulation of a metal ion by two bowl-shaped sumanenyl anions in [Cs(C21 H11(-) )2 ](-) was revealed crystallographically. Evaluation of bonding and energetics of the remarkable product was accomplished computationally (B2PLYP-D/TZVP/ZORA), providing insights into its formation...
February 7, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167069/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Nicolas Farina, Thomas E Page, Stephanie Daley, Anna Brown, Ann Bowling, Thurstine Basset, Gill Livingston, Martin Knapp, Joanna Murray, Sube Banerjee
INTRODUCTION: Family carers of people with dementia are their most important support in practical, personal, and economic terms. Carers are vital to maintaining the quality of life (QOL) of people with dementia. This review aims to identify factors related to the QOL of family carers of people with dementia. METHODS: Searches on terms including "carers," "dementia," "family," and "quality of life" in research databases. Findings were synthesized inductively, grouping factors associated with carer QOL into themes...
February 3, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161918/bowled-over-by-cricket-impact-of-tape-ball-injuries-on-the-eyes
#12
Salman Naveed Sadiq, Azam Ali, Bushra Usmani, Khabir Ahmad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the type and severity of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries seen at a tertiary care hospital. DESIGN: A descriptive case series. METHODS: This study included all cases of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries presenting to the Section of Ophthalmology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to January 2015. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients with tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries were treated during this period...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152848/do-perceived-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-differ-between-attending-physicians-and-residents
#13
Laura Jones, Katie Marsh, M Patricia Rivera, Paul Molina, Dan Reuland, J Michael Bowling, Katherine Birchard, Susan Maygarden, Louise Henderson
: 192 Background: In February 2015, legislation went into effect requiring Medicare to cover lung cancer (LC) screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) for high risk patients. Despite this, much debate and uncertainty exist among physicians about LC screening best practices. We aim to compare perceived barriers to LC screening between resident and attending physicians in Family and Internal Medicine, two departments selected for their high likelihood of seeing patients eligible for LC screening...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152847/lung-cancer-screening-knowledge-and-beliefs-among-primary-care-providers-and-pulmonologists
#14
Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Laura Jones, M Patricia Rivera, J Michael Bowling, Paul Molina, Susan Maygarden, Katherine Birchard, Dan Reuland, Louise Henderson
: 191 Background: In response to the National Lung Screening Trial's findings, numerous professional organizations have published guidelines recommending annual lung cancer (LC) screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) for eligible patients. In the wake of these guidelines, we sought to assess LC screening practices and beliefs among providers at a large academic medical center. METHODS: In 2015, we surveyed 54 physicians and 9 residents in pulmonology (27% response rate) and 86 physicians and 100 residents in family/internal medicine (39% response rate)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143474/motivations-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-as-a-function-of-socioeconomic-status
#15
Dadrie F Baptiste, Erina L MacGeorge, Maria K Venetis, Ashton Mouton, L Brooke Friley, Rebekah Pastor, Kristen Hatten, Janaka Lagoo, Susan E Clare, Monet W Bowling
BACKGROUND: Despite no demonstrated survival advantage for women at average risk of breast cancer, rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) continue to increase. Research reveals women with higher socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to select CPM. This study examines how indicators of SES, age, and disease severity affect CPM motivations. METHODS: Patients (N = 113) who underwent CPM at four Indiana University affiliated hospitals completed telephone interviews in 2013...
February 1, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141558/results-of-auricular-conchal-bowl-reconstructions-following-cancer-resections-with-postauricular-island-flap
#16
Aleksandra Iljin, Edward Lewandowicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Marcin Durko, Tomasz Zieliński
: The aim of the study was to present our experience with the postauricular island flap (pif) and clinical evaluation of the results following auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with the pif in patients after carcinoma resections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed results in 13 patients who underwent auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with pif following malignant tumor resection between 2000-2013. The patients were followed-up. We estimated early and long-term results after surgery including plastic surgeon's and patient's opinion...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139394/serious-fall-injuries-before-and-after-initiation-of-hemodialysis-among-older-esrd-patients-in-the-united-states-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Laura C Plantinga, Rachel E Patzer, Harold A Franch, C Barrett Bowling
BACKGROUND: Because initiation of dialysis therapy often occurs in the setting of acute illness and may signal worsening health and functional decline, we examined whether rates of serious fall injuries among older hemodialysis patients differ before and after dialysis therapy initiation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of claims data from the 2 years spanning dialysis therapy initiation among patients initiating dialysis therapy in 2010 to 2012. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Claims from 81,653 Medicare end-stage renal disease beneficiaries aged 67 to 100 years...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133671/mixing-li-and-cs-in-the-reduction-of-corannulene-for-the-assembly-of-a-cesium-capped-sandwich-with-a-hexanuclear-heterometallic-core
#18
Sarah N Spisak, Zheng Wei, Marina A Petrukhina
The use of two alkali metals having the greatest ion size mismatch, Li and Cs, in the reduction of bowl-shaped corannulene (C20H10, 1), results in the preparation of a heterobimetallic organometallic self-assembly, [Cs(diglyme)]2//[Li3Cs3(C20H10)2(diglyme)2] (2). The X-ray crystallographic investigation of 2 revealed the formation of a triple-decker sandwich having a highly-charged hexanuclear core, (Li3Cs3)(6+), held between two tetrareduced corannulene decks. The sandwich is capped by external cesium ions filling the concave cavities of corannulene bowls...
January 30, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126683/pet-imaging-of-64-cu-dota-scfv-anti-psma-lipid-nanoparticles-lnps-enhanced-tumor-targeting-over-anti-psma-scfv-or-untargeted-lnps
#19
Patty Wong, Lin Li, Junie Chea, Melissa K Delgado, Desiree Crow, Erasmus Poku, Barbara Szpikowska, Nicole Bowles, Divya Channappa, David Colcher, Jeffrey Y C Wong, John E Shively, Paul J Yazaki
INTRODUCTION: Single chain (scFv) antibodies are ideal targeting ligands due to their modular structure, high antigen specificity and affinity. These monovalent ligands display rapid tumor targeting but have limitations due to their fast urinary clearance. METHODS: An anti-prostate membrane antigen (PSMA) scFv with a site-specific cysteine was expressed and evaluated in a prostate cancer xenograft model by Cu-64 PET imaging. To enhance tumor accumulation, the scFv-cys was conjugated to the co-polymer DSPE-PEG-maleimide that spontaneously assembled into a homogeneous multivalent lipid nanoparticle (LNP)...
January 17, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120321/the-continuing-legacy-of-nature-versus-nurture-in-biolinguistics
#20
Daniel L Bowling
Theories of language evolution that separate biological and cultural contributions perpetuate a false dichotomy between nature and nurture. The explanatory power of future theories will depend on acknowledging the reality of gene-culture interaction and how it makes language possible.
January 24, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
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