keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BOWL

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166361/the-impact-of-hepatectomy-time-of-the-liver-graft-on-post-transplant-outcome-a-eurotransplant-cohort-study
#1
Ina Jochmans, Steffen Fieuws, Ineke Tieken, Undine Samuel, Jacques Pirenne
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effect of donor hepatectomy time on outcome after transplantation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When blood supply in a deceased organ donor stops, ischemic injury starts. Livers are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischemic injury. This cooling is slow and livers are lukewarm during hepatectomy, potentially affecting outcome. METHODS: We used the Eurotransplant Registry to investigate the relationship between donor hepatectomy time and post-transplant outcome in 12,974 recipients of deceased-donor livers (January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013)...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165053/pathophysiology-of-enteral-feeding-diarrhea-the-intestinal-responses-to-enteral-feeding-rather-than-any-role-of-fodmaps
#2
David B A Silk, Tim Bowling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164169/tuberculosis-patients-who-are-a-potential-source-for-unprotected-exposure-in-health-care-systems-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#3
Jose Cadena, Norys A Castro-Pena, Heta Javeri, Brian Hernandez, Joel Michalek, Ana Fuentes Arzola, Miloni Shroff, Chetan Jinadatha, Gustavo Valero, Jason Bowling, Jean Przykucki, Michele Adams, James Jorgensen, Jan E Patterson, Pranavi Sreeramoju
Setting: Five health care systems in Texas. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of inadequate isolation for pulmonary tuberculosis leading to tuberculosis (TB) exposures from confirmed TB patients and the patient factors that led to the exposures. Design: A retrospective cohort and case-control study of adult patients with TB resulting in exposures (cases) vs those TB patients who did not result in exposures (controls) during January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163251/consumer-neuroscience-based-metrics-predict-recall-liking-and-viewing-rates-in-online-advertising
#4
Jaime Guixeres, Enrique Bigné, Jose M Ausín Azofra, Mariano Alcañiz Raya, Adrián Colomer Granero, Félix Fuentes Hurtado, Valery Naranjo Ornedo
The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether the effectiveness of a new ad on digital channels (YouTube) can be predicted by using neural networks and neuroscience-based metrics (brain response, heart rate variability and eye tracking). Neurophysiological records from 35 participants were exposed to 8 relevant TV Super Bowl commercials. Correlations between neurophysiological-based metrics, ad recall, ad liking, the ACE metrix score and the number of views on YouTube during a year were investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158079/bone-metastases-as-the-only-metastatic-site-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-focus-on-a-special-patient-population
#5
Andrea Necchi, Gregory R Pond, Sumanta K Pal, Neeraj Agarwal, Daniel W Bowles, Elizabeth R Plimack, Evan Y Yu, Sylvain Ladoire, Jack Baniel, Simon Crabb, Gunter Niegisch, Sandy Srinivas, Dominik R Berthold, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Thomas Powles, Aristotelis Bamias, Lauren C Harshman, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky
BACKGROUND: Patients with exclusive bone metastatic spread from urothelial carcinoma (UC) throughout their disease course represent a rare subgroup with unique clinical features. These patients deserved special consideration in a retrospective multicenter study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses were made from a pool of 1911 patients with a diagnosis of metastatic UC, from 23 centers. Baseline characteristics, access to treatment, and outcomes were analyzed according to metastatic spread...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152714/scaffolding-as-a-key-role-for-teaching-assistants-perceptions-of-their-pedagogical-strategies
#6
David Bowles, Julie Radford, Ioanna Bakopoulou
BACKGROUND: Inclusive education policies have led to a worldwide increase in the number of teaching assistants (TAs) working in mainstream schools. TAs have a large amount of responsibility for supporting children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), a role which by default has become instructional in practice, and for which training and preparation are rarely adequate. While there is some research into the nature of TAs' interactions with pupils and the strategies they use which are helpful for children's learning, TAs' perspectives on their own classroom practice have yet to be explored...
November 19, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151352/plasmid-dna-delivery-nanotopography-matters
#7
Hao Song, Meihua Yu, Yao Lu, Zhengying Gu, Yannan Yang, Min Zhang, Jianye Fu, Chengzhong Yu
Plasmid DNA molecules with unique loop structures have widespread bio-applications, in many cases relying heavily on delivery vehicles to introduce them into cells and achieve their functions. Herein, we demonstrate that control over delicate nanotopography of silica nanoparticles as plasmid DNA vectors has significant impact on the transfection efficacy. For silica nanoparticles with rambutan-, raspberry- and flower-like morphologies comprised of spike, hemisphere and bowl type subunit nanotopographies, respectively, the rambutan-like nanoparticles with spiky surfaces demonstrate the highest plasmid DNA binding capability and transfection efficacy of 88%, higher than reported silica based nano-vectors...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148706/porous-carbon-with-willow-leaf-shaped-pores-for-high-performance-supercapacitors
#8
Yanhong Shi, Lin-Lin Zhang, Tyler B Schon, Huan-Huan Li, Chao-Ying Fan, Xiao-Ying Li, Hai-Feng Wang, Xing-Long Wu, Haiming Xie, Haizhu Sun, Dwight S Seferos, Jingping Zhang
A novel kind of biomass-derived high oxygen containing carbon materials doped with nitrogen that have willow leaf shaped pores was synthesized. The obtained carbon materials have an exotic hierarchical pore structure composed of bowl shaped macropores, willow leaf shaped pores, and an abundance of micropores. This unique hierarchical porous structure provides an effective combination of high current densities with high capacitance due to a pseudocapacitive component that is afforded by the introduction of nitrogen and oxygen dopants...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147835/automatic-localization-of-the-left-ventricular-blood-pool-centroid-in-short-axis-cardiac-cine-mr-images
#9
Li Kuo Tan, Yih Miin Liew, Einly Lim, Yang Faridah Abdul Aziz, Kok Han Chee, Robert A McLaughlin
In this paper, we develop and validate an open source, fully automatic algorithm to localize the left ventricular (LV) blood pool centroid in short axis cardiac cine MR images, enabling follow-on automated LV segmentation algorithms. The algorithm comprises four steps: (i) quantify motion to determine an initial region of interest surrounding the heart, (ii) identify potential 2D objects of interest using an intensity-based segmentation, (iii) assess contraction/expansion, circularity, and proximity to lung tissue to score all objects of interest in terms of their likelihood of constituting part of the LV, and (iv) aggregate the objects into connected groups and construct the final LV blood pool volume and centroid...
November 17, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144510/characterizing-reduced-coverage-regions-through-comparison-of-exome-and-genome-sequencing-data-across-10-centers
#10
Rashesh V Sanghvi, Christian J Buhay, Bradford C Powell, Ellen A Tsai, Michael O Dorschner, Celine S Hong, Matthew S Lebo, Ariella Sasson, David S Hanna, Sean McGee, Kevin M Bowling, Gregory M Cooper, David E Gray, Robert J Lonigro, Andrew Dunford, Christine A Brennan, Carrie Cibulskis, Kimberly Walker, Mauricio O Carneiro, Joshua Sailsbery, Lucia A Hindorff, Dan R Robinson, Avni Santani, Mahdi Sarmady, Heidi L Rehm, Leslie G Biesecker, Deborah A Nickerson, Carolyn M Hutter, Levi Garraway, Donna M Muzny, Nikhil Wagle
PurposeAs massively parallel sequencing is increasingly being used for clinical decision making, it has become critical to understand parameters that affect sequencing quality and to establish methods for measuring and reporting clinical sequencing standards. In this report, we propose a definition for reduced coverage regions and describe a set of standards for variant calling in clinical sequencing applications.MethodsTo enable sequencing centers to assess the regions of poor sequencing quality in their own data, we optimized and used a tool (ExCID) to identify reduced coverage loci within genes or regions of particular interest...
November 16, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143817/greater-post-neolithic-wealth-disparities-in-eurasia-than-in-north-america-and-mesoamerica
#11
Timothy A Kohler, Michael E Smith, Amy Bogaard, Gary M Feinman, Christian E Peterson, Alleen Betzenhauser, Matthew Pailes, Elizabeth C Stone, Anna Marie Prentiss, Timothy J Dennehy, Laura J Ellyson, Linda M Nicholas, Ronald K Faulseit, Amy Styring, Jade Whitlam, Mattia Fochesato, Thomas A Foor, Samuel Bowles
How wealth is distributed among households provides insight into the fundamental characters of societies and the opportunities they afford for social mobility. However, economic inequality has been hard to study in ancient societies for which we do not have written records, which adds to the challenge of placing current wealth disparities into a long-term perspective. Although various archaeological proxies for wealth, such as burial goods or exotic or expensive-to-manufacture goods in household assemblages, have been proposed, the first is not clearly connected with households, and the second is confounded by abandonment mode and other factors...
November 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143666/comparative-evaluation-of-commercially-available-point-of-care-heartworm-antigen-tests-using-well-characterized-canine-plasma-samples
#12
Lindsay A Starkey, Joy V Bowles, Mark E Payton, Byron L Blagburn
BACKGROUND: Dirofilaria immitis is a worldwide parasite that is endemic in many parts of the United States. There are many commercial assays available for the detection of D. immitis antigen, one of which was modified and has reentered the market. Our objective was to compare the recently reintroduced Witness® Heartworm (HW) Antigen test Kit (Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ) and the SNAP® Heartworm RT (IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, ME) to the well-based ELISA DiroChek® Heartworm Antigen Test Kit (Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ)...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140749/pharmacists-as-vaccinators-an-analysis-of-their-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-new-role
#13
Sandra Gerges, Elizabeth Peter, Susan K Bowles, Shelley Diamond, Lucie Marisa Bucci, Anne Resnick, Anna Taddio
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, Ontario pharmacists were granted immunization privileges to administer influenza vaccines to the public. This study explored the experiences and practices of pharmacist vaccinators and the impact of vaccination pain on their practice. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 pharmacists in the Greater Toronto Area. Transcribed interview data were coded and analyzed via thematic analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Data analysis revealed 4 main themes: 1) expanded scope of practice as an enhancement and challenge to relationships; 2) professional satisfaction and workload demands; 3) knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and fear; 4) practices regarding pain and fear management...
November 15, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138488/structural-basis-of-adaptor-mediated-protein-degradation-by-the-tail-specific-pdz-protease-prc
#14
Ming-Yuan Su, Nilanjan Som, Chia-Yun Wu, Shih-Chieh Su, Yi-Ting Kuo, Lu-Chu Ke, Meng-Ru Ho, Shiou-Ru Tzeng, Ching-Hao Teng, Dominique Mengin-Lecreulx, Manjula Reddy, Chung-I Chang
Peptidoglycan (PG) is a highly cross-linked, protective mesh-like sacculus that surrounds the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. Expansion of PG is tightly coupled to growth of a bacterial cell and requires hydrolases to cleave the cross-links for insertion of nascent PG material. In Escherichia coli, a proteolytic system comprising the periplasmic PDZ-protease Prc and the lipoprotein adaptor NlpI contributes to PG enlargement by regulating cellular levels of MepS, a cross-link-specific hydrolase. Here, we demonstrate how NlpI binds Prc to facilitate the degradation of its substrate MepS by structural and mutational analyses...
November 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137773/ultrasonic-assisted-synthesis-of-batio3-nanoparticles-at-25%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-and-atmospheric-pressure
#15
Songkot Utara, Sitchai Hunpratub
Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized via a sonochemical method (25 kHz) at a constant temperature of 25 °C and atmospheric pressure without a calcination step. Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 and diisopropoxytitanium bis(acetylacetonate) (C12H28O6Ti) were used as the starting materials. The effects of the concentration of NaOH used and ultrasonic reaction time were investigated. The phase composition, functional groups and morphology of synthesized powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137659/the-effectiveness-of-research-implementation-strategies-for-promoting-evidence-informed-policy-and-management-decisions-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mitchell N Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare. The secondary aim of the review was to describe factors perceived to be associated with effective strategies and the inter-relationship between these factors...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134629/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-dementia-risk-prospective-population-based-study
#17
Shelly L Gray, Rod L Walker, Sascha Dublin, Onchee Yu, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether higher cumulative proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure is associated with greater dementia risk. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Washington, an integrated healthcare delivery system in Seattle, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older without dementia at study entry (N = 3,484). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were screened for dementia every 2 years, and those who screened positive underwent extensive evaluation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131802/acute-and-one-year-clinical-outcomes-following-implantation-of-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-the-absorb-uk-registry
#18
Andreas Baumbach, Azfar Zaman, Nick Ej West, Peter O'Kane, Mohaned Egred, Thomas Johnson, Stephen Wheatcroft, Bowles Ruth, Adam de Belder, Georgious Bouras, Alexandra Lansky, Jonathan Hill, Anthony Mathur, Mark A de Belder, Adrian Banning
AIMS: The aim was to monitor practice patterns and outcomes in patients treated with Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) during the early phase of usage in the UK. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1005 patients with de-novo coronary lesions were treated using careful implantation techniques at 24 centers. Follow-up at one year was obtained in 99%. An independent clinical event committee and angiographic corelab adjudicated all events. Patient age was 52 years and 46% presented with acute coronary syndromes...
November 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128712/the-impact-of-a-brief-cessation-induction-intervention-for-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Eleanor L S Leavens, Ellen Meier, Alayna P Tackett, Mary Beth Miller, Noor N Tahirkheli, Emma I Brett, Dana M Carroll, Leslie M Driskill, Michael P Anderson, Theodore L Wagener
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) tobacco smoking delivers many of the same harmful toxicants as cigarette smoking and is on the rise in the US. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a brief personalized feedback intervention in affecting changes in WP smoking among current WP smokers. METHODS: Participants (N=109) were recruited as they entered WP lounges and completed a questionnaire and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) testing before entering the WP lounge...
October 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128533/fabrication-of-dense-anisotropic-collagen-scaffolds-using-biaxial-compression
#20
Jared L Zitnay, Shawn P Reese, Garvin Tran, Niloofar Farhang, Robert D Bowles, Jeffrey A Weiss
We developed a new method to manufacture dense, aligned, and porous collagen scaffolds using biaxial plastic compression of type I collagen gels. Using a novel compression apparatus that constricts like an iris diaphragm, low density collagen gels were compressed to yield a permanently densified, highly aligned collagen material. Micro-porosity scaffolds was created using hydrophilic elastomer porogens that can be selectively removed following biaxial compression, with porosity modulated by using different porogen concentrations...
November 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
keyword
keyword
72682
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"