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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810433/ultra-brief-non-expert-delivered-defusion-and-acceptance-exercises-for-food-cravings-a-partial-replication-study
#1
Lee Hulbert-Williams, Nick J Hulbert-Williams, Wendy Nicholls, Sian Williamson, Jivone Poonia, Kevin D Hochard
Food cravings are a common barrier to losing weight. This article presents a randomised comparison of non-expert group-delivered ultra-brief defusion and acceptance interventions against a distraction control. A total of 63 participants were asked to carry a bag of chocolates for a week while trying to resist the temptation to eat them. A behavioural rebound measure was administered. Each intervention out-performed control in respect of consumption, but not cravings. These techniques may have a place in the clinical management of food cravings...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805588/weight-in-parkinson-s-disease-phenotypical-significance
#2
Jagdish C Sharma, Anna Lewis
Body weight in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a significant nonmotor feature. Weight homeostasis is a complex physiological process and gets deranged in PD patients leading to changes in weight. While both the low and high body weight have been reported as risk factors for PD, the majority of PD patients have a lower weight and a subset of patients lose weight during the course of the disease, while a small proportion gain weight. A number of clinical parameters such as older age, impaired cognition, severity of disease, and an imbalance of food intake determined by satiety and hunger hormones have been reported to be associated with but not the cause of weight change...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802639/body-weight-perception-and-body-weight-control-behaviors-in-adolescents
#3
Robson Frank, Gaia S Claumann, Érico P G Felden, Diego A S Silva, Andreia Pelegrini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of body weight (as above or below the desired) and behaviors for body weight control in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 1051 adolescents (aged 15-19 years) who were high school students attending public schools. The authors collected information on the perception of body weight (dependent variable), weight control behaviors (initiative to change the weight, physical exercise, eating less or cutting calories, fasting for 24h, taking medications, vomiting, or taking laxatives), and measured body weight and height to calculate the body mass index and then classify the weight status...
August 10, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802015/identification-and-characterization-of-metformin-on-peptidomic-profiling-in-human-visceral-adipocytes
#4
Yao Gao, XingYun Wang, FangYan Huang, XianWei Cui, Yun Li, Xing Wang, Yan Cao, PengFei Xu, KaiPeng Xie, RanRan Tang, Le Zhang, ChenBo Ji, LiangHui You, XiRong Guo
OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the effect of metformin on losing weight from peptidomic perspective and to screen potential active peptides for reducing fat lipid deposition. METHODS: After determining the proper concentration of metformin on human primary visceral adipocytes, we constructed a comparative peptidomic profiling between control and metformin treatment group (n = 3) using a stable isobaric labeling strategy involving tandem mass tag reagents, followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790922/exercise-preserves-lean-mass-and-performance-during-severe-energy-deficit-the-role-of-exercise-volume-and-dietary-protein-content
#5
Jose A L Calbet, Jesús G Ponce-González, Jaime de La Calle-Herrero, Ismael Perez-Suarez, Marcos Martin-Rincon, Alfredo Santana, David Morales-Alamo, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The loss of fat-free mass (FFM) caused by very-low-calorie diets (VLCD) can be attenuated by exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the role played by exercise and dietary protein content in preserving the lean mass and performance of exercised and non-exercised muscles, during a short period of extreme energy deficit (~23 MJ deficit/day). Fifteen overweight men underwent three consecutive experimental phases: baseline assessment (PRE), followed by 4 days of caloric restriction and exercise (CRE) and then 3 days on a control diet combined with reduced exercise (CD)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782918/improvements-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-young-adults-in-a-randomized-trial-of-approaches-to-weight-gain-prevention
#6
Rena R Wing, Deborah F Tate, Katelyn R Garcia, Judy Bahnson, Cora E Lewis, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVE: Weight gain occurs commonly in young adults and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Following on a previous report that two self-regulation interventions reduced weight gain relative to control, this study examines whether these interventions also benefit CVD risk factors. METHODS: The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention was a randomized trial in two academic settings (N = 599; 18-35 years; BMI 21-30 kg/m(2) ) comparing two interventions (Self-Regulation with Small Changes; Self-Regulation with Large Changes) and a control group...
August 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771283/medication-assisted-weight-loss-in-the-age-of-obesity
#7
Laura G Leahy
Obesity is a complex and potentially deadly health concern; yet, there are few medications available to treat this chronic, recurrent disease. Patients are frequently told to "lose weight" and change their diet and exercise habits. For many, making behavioral lifestyle changes is not enough to enhance weight loss efforts and improve overall health and quality of life. Medication-assisted weight loss must be considered as an adjunct treatment to lifestyle changes, as neither alone may provide the sustainable reduction in weight necessary to decrease the medical and psychiatric comorbidities associated with obesity...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770181/effect-on-12-week-intensive-dietary-and-exercise-program-on-weight-reduction-and-maintenance-in-obese-women-with-weight-cycling-history
#8
Ha Nui Kwon, Sang-Seok Nam, Yoo Kyoung Park
This study examined the effect of 12-week intensive dietary and exercise intervention program on body composition and stress-related hormones in obese women and to examine the residual effect after the intervention. The participants of this study were 30 obese women who had a body mass index of over 25 kg/m(2) and over 30% in body fat. They were classified into 2 groups depending on the history of weight cycling (WC); the WC group (≥ ±5% of the original body weight) and the non-weight cycling (NWC) group...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766852/serotonin-transporter-promoter-polymorphism-modulates-the-ability-to-control-food-intake-effect-on-total-weight-loss
#9
Gemma Bonnet, Purificación Gómez-Abellán, Beatriz Vera, Juan Francisco Sánchez-Romera, Antonio M Hernández-Martínez, Silvia Sookoian, Carlos Jose Pirola, Marta Garaulet
SCOPE: The biggest challenge for losing weight is the ability to control the amount of food eaten; the tendency to overeat is called disinhibition. Our aims were to determine whether a) the SLC6A4-promoter variant (5-HTTLPR) relates to disinhibition; b) this association could affect total weight-loss during a behavioral/dietary treatment for obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: 2961 subjects attended voluntarily five weight-loss clinics; a subsample (n = 624) was recruited for SLC6A4 genotyping...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764783/preferences-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-among-knee-replacement-patients-implications-for-a-patient-centered-weight-loss-intervention
#10
Christine A Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A Hoffman, Rowland W Chang, Kenzie A Cameron
BACKGROUND: Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify knee replacement patient preferences for weight loss programs and qualitatively understand previous motives for weight loss attempts as well as strategies used to facilitate behavior changes. METHODS: Patients who were either scheduled to have knee replacement or had one recently completed within the last 3 months were recruited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763280/multicenter-evaluation-of-signalment-and-comorbid-conditions-associated-with-aortic-thrombotic-disease-in-dogs
#11
Randolph L Winter, Christine M Budke
OBJECTIVE To assess signalment and concurrent disease processes in dogs with aortic thrombotic disease (ATD). DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS Dogs examined at North American veterinary teaching hospitals from 1985 through 2011 with medical records submitted to the Veterinary Medical Database. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to identify dogs with a diagnosis of ATD (case dogs). Five control dogs without a diagnosis of ATD were then identified for every case dog. Data were collected regarding dog age, sex, breed, body weight, and concurrent disease processes...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757449/weight-loss-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diabetes
#12
Linda M Delahanty
The American Diabetes Association nutrition and lifestyle recommendations for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes focus on losing 7% of body weight and increasing physical activity to at least 150minperweek. This emphasis is largely based on results of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) clinical trials. DPP demonstrated that a lifestyle intervention aimed at 7% weight loss and 150min of activity per week reduced diabetes incidence by 58% after 2.8years of follow-up and resulted in sustained improvements in hemoglobinA1c, blood pressure and lipid levels...
July 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752049/beta-adrenergic-receptors-are-critical-for-weight-loss-but-not-for-other-metabolic-adaptations-to-the-consumption-of-a-ketogenic-diet-in-male-mice
#13
Nicholas Douris, Bhavna N Desai, Ffolliott M Fisher, Theodore Cisu, Alan J Fowler, Eleen Zarebidaki, Ngoc Ly T Nguyen, Donald A Morgan, Timothy J Bartness, Kamal Rahmouni, Jeffrey S Flier, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that the consumption of a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (KD) by mice leads to a distinct physiologic state associated with weight loss, increased metabolic rate, and improved insulin sensitivity [1]. Furthermore, we identified fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) as a necessary mediator of the changes, as mice lacking FGF21 fed KD gain rather than lose weight [2]. FGF21 activates the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) [3], which is a key regulator of metabolic rate...
August 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742906/parent-based-therapy-helps-children-lose-weight
#14
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739048/weight-loss-maintenance-a-losing-battle
#15
EDITORIAL
Jennifer C Kerns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733051/compliance-in-weight-control-reduces-atrial-fibrillation-worsening-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
F Fioravanti, D Brisinda, A R Sorbo, G Lombardi, L La Brocca, R Fenici
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obesity plays a dominant role in the etiology of atrial fibrillation (AF), and the maintenance of a normal body mass index (BMI) seems to prevent and even reduce the incidence of the arrhythmia's recurrence. We selected 270 patients (pts) to assess whether this therapeutic effect was statistically significant even in Mediterranean patients. METHOD AND RESULTS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed every symptomatic AF relapse during a total follow-up of 657 patient-years...
April 27, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721707/-towards-bariatric-surgery-taking-your-time-preserves-you-from-loosing-your-time
#17
Yann Corminboeuf, Isabelle Rieben, Sandra Gebhard, François P Pralong, Friedrich Stiefel
Obesity has become a worldwide public health concern. Bariatric surgery is nowadays the most effective treatment to lose weight and control somatic comorbidities of this disease. However, a careful preparation of the patients undergoing bariatric surgery seems mandatory, despite the existence of a feeling of emergency that is often shared by the therapeutic team, and thus difficult to handle. In this context, the importance to address psychological issues such as patients' representation of their body while they will be confronted to a major physical transformation cannot be over-emphasized...
March 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718352/narratives-for-obesity-effects-of-weight-loss-and-attribution-on-empathy-and-policy-support
#18
Paul H Thibodeau, Rachel Uri, Briana Thompson, Stephen J Flusberg
Despite an urgent need to address the issue of obesity, little research has examined the psychological factors that influence support for obesity-related policy initiatives, which represent an important tool for addressing this complex health issue. In the present study, we measured the degree to which people supported obesity-related policy interventions and empathized with a person struggling with obesity after reading a personal account of his or her situation. The narrative described an obese individual who was portrayed as either successfully losing weight or not, and as attributing his or her weight-loss outcome to personal or environmental factors...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713285/amiloride-improves-endothelial-function-and-reduces-vascular-stiffness-in-female-mice-fed-a-western-diet
#19
Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Annayya R Aroor, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Guanghong Jia, Javad Habibi, Vincent G DeMarco, Brady Barron, Adam Whaley-Connell, Ravi Nistala, James R Sowers
Obese premenopausal women lose their sex related cardiovascular disease protection and develop greater arterial stiffening than age matched men. In female mice, we have shown that consumption of a Western diet (WD), high in fat and refined sugars, is associated with endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffening, which occur via activation of mineralocorticoid receptors and associated increases in epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity on endothelial cells (EnNaC). Herein our aim was to determine the effect that reducing EnNaC activity with a very-low-dose of amiloride would have on decreasing endothelial and arterial stiffness in young female mice consuming a WD...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712020/considering-weight-loss-programs-and-public-health-partnerships-in-american-evangelical-protestant-churches
#20
D Gibbes Miller
The obesity epidemic is a critical public health threat facing the USA. With the advent of American Evangelical Protestant (AEP) weight loss guides and narratives, AEP churches could potentially aid public health agencies in combatting obesity, and some scholars have called for investment in partnerships between public health agencies and religious institutions. This paper examines the theological and social underpinnings of AEP weight loss programs and considers the potential benefits and risks of public health partnerships with AEP churches to combat obesity...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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