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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784729/prognostic-roles-of-perioperative-body-mass-index-and-weight-loss-in-the-long-term-survival-of-gastric-cancer-patients
#1
Young Suk Park, Do Joong Park, Yoontaek Lee, Ki Bum Park, Sa-Hong Min, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Most gastric cancer (GC) patients rapidly lose weight after gastrectomy. Therefore, analysis of the effect of body mass index (BMI) on GC patients survival should include postoperative BMI and BMI loss as well as preoperative BMI. This retrospective cohort study analyzed the effect of three BMI variables and their interaction on long-term outcomes. METHODS: Preoperative BMI analysis included 2063 GC patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between January, 2009 and December, 2013 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784560/low-body-mass-index-and-life-prognosis-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Kwiyoung Park, Tomoko Oeda, Masayuki Kohsaka, Satoshi Tomita, Atsushi Umemura, Hideyuki Sawada
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently lose weight, even in the early stages of the disease. Our objective was to clarify the association between low body mass index (BMI) and life prognosis in PD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 651 PD patients (380 females), with a primary endpoint of survival. Because of sex differences in BMI, male and female data were separated. We compared survival times between underweight (BMI < 18...
May 15, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780978/i-ll-be-back-on-the-multiple-lives-of-users-of-a-mobile-activity-tracking-application
#3
Zhiyuan Lin, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications that track activities, such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. While these activity tracking applications have the potential to improve our health, user engagement and retention are critical factors for their success. However, long-term user engagement patterns in real-world activity tracking applications are not yet well understood. Here we study user engagement patterns within a mobile physical activity tracking application consisting of 115 million logged activities taken by over a million users over 31 months...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780358/sex-and-gender-differences-in-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Jürgen Harreiter, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
Lifestyle intervention programs are effective in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in high risk populations. However, most studies only give limited information about the influence of sex and/or gender effectiveness of these interventions. So far, similar outcome was reported for diabetes progression and weight loss. Nevertheless, long-term data on cardiovascular outcome are sparse but favoring women regarding all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. In both men and women, sex hormone imbalances and reproductive disorders are associated with a higher risk of T2DM development...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777234/prevotella-to-bacteroides-ratio-predicts-body-weight-and-fat-loss-success-on-24-week-diets-varying-in-macronutrient-composition-and-dietary-fiber-results-from-a-post-hoc-analysis
#5
Mads F Hjorth, Trine Blædel, Line Q Bendtsen, Janne K Lorenzen, Jacob B Holm, Pia Kiilerich, Henrik M Roager, Karsten Kristiansen, Lesli H Larsen, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Individuals with high pre-treatment bacterial Prevotella-to-Bacteroides (P/B) ratio have been reported to lose more body weight on diets high in fiber than subjects with a low P/B ratio. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine potential differences in dietary weight loss responses between participants with low and high P/B. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty overweight participants were randomized (52 completed) to a 500 kcal/d energy deficit diet with a macronutrient composition of 30 energy percentage (E%) fat, 52 E% carbohydrate and 18 E% protein either high (≈1500 mg calcium/day) or low ( ≤ 600 mg calcium/day) in dairy products for 24 weeks...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776012/evolving-self-view-and-body-image-concerns-in-female-post-operative-bariatric-surgery-patients
#6
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research study explores the experience of post-operative bariatric surgery patients as they adjust to diminished weight and differentiates that adjustment from the more general concept of body image. BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective way to reduce weight and co-morbidities associated with obesity. Complete success requires that patients must adjust psychologically as they lose weight. If this does not occur, bariatric patients may experience a 'mind-body lag' in which the patient's internal body image lags behind the external changes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773145/pathological-and-molecular-characterization-of-systemic-isosporosis-atoxoplasmosis-in-captive-green-winged-saltator-saltator-similis
#7
Ayisa Rodrigues de Oliveira, Tayse Domingues de Souza, Juliana P S Mol, Mayra Cunha Flecher, Emy Hiura, Renato Lima Santos
Systemic isosporosis, also called atoxoplasmosis or visceral coccidiosis, is a disease that affects birds in general. Pathogenesis of systemic isosporosis and its etiologic agent have not been well characterized, but taxonomically Atoxoplasma is currently considered a junior objective synonym of Isospora. The present report aimed to describe pathological and molecular findings of systemic isosporosis in captive green-winged saltators (Saltator similis) from the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. In a commercial breeding facility eleven birds with two to nine months of age died from 2015 to 2016...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768132/post-operative-infections-among-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-at-a-tertiary-center
#8
Krystian Kaczmarek, Artur Lemiński, Aleksandra Bańcarz, Alicja Zakrzewska, Marcin Słojewski
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infection after radical cystectomy is a common complication. It is essential to identify modifiable risk factors that can predict post-operative infection to reduce the incidence of infection after radical cystectomy. We investigated the incidence of post-operative infection, associated pathogens, and risk factors for post-operative infection after radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a single urologic department from 2014 to 2016 were included...
May 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766736/spanish-consensus-document-on-bariatric-endoscopy-part-1-general-considerations
#9
Eduardo Espinet Coll, Gontrand López-Nava Breviere, Javier Nebreda Durán, Carlos Marra-López Valenciano, Román Turró Arau, José Miguel Esteban López-Jamar, Miguel Muñoz-Navas
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial, incurable, recurrent, and progressive disease associated with significant physical and psychological complications, and considerable morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the assessment, management, and follow-up of obese patients should take place in the setting of a multidisciplinary unit equipped with adequate human and structural resources. Medical treatment using hygienic-dietary measures, while indispensable, may be insufficient, and surgery, which is reserved for severe or morbid obesity, is not exempt from complications neither is to the liking of many patients...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756972/dietary-patterns-physical-activity-body-mass-index-weight-related-behaviours-and-their-interrelationship-among-romanian-university-students-trends-from-2003-to-2016
#10
Lucia Maria Lotrean, Ovidiu Stan, Lencu Codruta, Valeria Laza
INTRODUCTION: promotion of a healthy diet and involvement in physical activity among young people has an important impact on their actual and future lifestyle, health and well being. OBJECTIVES: this study investigates dietary patterns, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and weight-related behaviours as well as their interrelationship among Romanian university students. METHODS: the study used anonymous questionnaires and was performed in Cluj-Napoca, Romania in 2003 (n = 320) and 2016 (n = 320)...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753982/does-urinary-bisphenol-a-change-after-bariatric-surgery
#11
Carl L Dambkowski, Luis Garcia, Natalia Leva, John M Morton
BACKGROUND: One of the world's highest volume chemicals is bisphenol-A (BPA), an organic compound with a high solubility in fat. An emerging body of literature has suggested a link between BPA and obesity and insulin resistance. The study aim is to determine if surgical weight loss is associated with changes in BPA levels. METHODS: Demographic, preoperative, and 3, 6, and 12 month postoperative urine and laboratory data were prospectively collected on 22 bariatric surgery patients at a single academic institution...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753805/desire-to-lose-weight-dietary-intake-and-psychological-correlates-among-middle-aged-and-older-women-the-colaus-study
#12
I Carrard, M Kruseman, P Marques-Vidal
Body dissatisfaction has been regularly associated with negative consequences on health of young women, but less is known regarding middle-aged or older women. However, body dissatisfaction in women has been seen for long as a "normative discontent" (i.e. widespread and chronic dissatisfaction) because of its high prevalence among all age categories. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the desire to lose weight, energy intake and psychological health in community-dwelling women issued from the second wave (cross-sectional data) of the cohort study CoLaus (2009-2012, Switzerland), taking age categories (40-59 and 60-80) and body mass index (BMI, normal and overweight/obese) into account...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748126/feeding-the-gut-after-revisional-bariatric-surgery-the-fate-of-126-enteral-access-tubes
#13
Andrew T Strong, Hana Fayazzadeh, Gautam Sharma, Kevin El-Hayek, Matthew Kroh, John Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) is associated with higher complication rates compared with primary bariatric surgery. Feeding tubes (FTs), including gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes placed during RBS, may serve as a safety net to provide nutrition when oral intake is contraindicated or limited; however, FTs in this setting have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine complications, use, and duration of FTs placed during RBS...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747092/association-of-long-term-dynamic-change-in-body-weight-and-incident-hypertension-the-rural-chinese-cohort-study
#14
Yang Zhao, Yu Liu, Haohang Sun, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Yongcheng Ren, Bingyuan Wang, Dongdong Zhang, Xuejiao Liu, Dechen Liu, Ruiyuan Zhang, Feiyan Liu, Xu Chen, Leilei Liu, Cheng Cheng, Qionggui Zhou, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The association of long-term dynamic change in body weight and incident hypertension among general Chinese adults is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypertension risk in a large prospective study of rural Chinese adult using relative weight gain or loss. METHODS: A total of 10 149 nonhypertensive Chinese adults 18 to 75 y of age completed a questionnaire interview and anthropometric and laboratory measurements at both baseline (2007-2008) and follow-up (2013-2014)...
March 20, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746536/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-reported-attempts-at-weight-loss-and-specific-dietary-regimens-in-sweden-the-swediet-2017-study
#15
Linnea Bärebring, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of active weight loss attempts in Sweden, and to study the extent to which overweight individuals may or may not correctly identify themselves as overweight. Additional aims were to determine the sociodemographic factors associated with following a specific dietary regimen and with attempts at losing weight. A postal questionnaire was sent to 2000 randomly selected men and women living in Sweden. The inclusion criteria was an age of 20-65 years. In total, the response rate was 28% and the completed questionnaires from 555 participants were analyzed in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745914/weight-loss-in-a-young-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-challenges-of-diabetes-management-using-online-program-of-good-nutrition-case-report
#16
V Krylov
A 31-year-old male with a history of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypercholesterolemia came to our clinic for medical weight-loss management. According to his initial anthropometric measurements (weight - 193 kg, height - 181 cm, and body mass index (BMI) - 58 kg/m2) patient had morbid obesity. In order to educate our patient about good nutrition, physical activity and the need of sun exposure we used an online system based on the video lessons, full of humor, pictures, and cartoons. Even one month of watching the short educational movies was sufficient for the patient to form the habits of healthy eating, including restriction of fat and digestible carbohydrates and increase in daily consumption of low-fat dairy products, slow carbohydrates, protein and fiber...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741270/persistent-effects-of-obesity-a-neuroplasticity-hypothesis
#17
Bridget A Matikainen-Ankney, Alexxai V Kravitz
The obesity epidemic is a leading cause of health problems in the United States, increasing the risk of cardiovascular, endocrine, and psychiatric diseases. Although many people lose weight through changes in diet and lifestyle, keeping the weight off remains a challenge. Here, we discuss a hypothesis that seeks to explain why obesity is so persistent. There is a great degree of overlap in the circuits implicated in substance use disorder and obesity, and neural plasticity of these circuits in response to drugs of abuse is well documented...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740373/a-mindfulness-based-decentering-technique-increases-the-cognitive-accessibility-of-health-and-weight-loss-related-goals
#18
Katy Tapper, Zoyah Ahmed
Previous research has shown that a mindfulness-based decentering technique can help individuals resist eating chocolate over a 5-day period. However, it is unclear how this technique exerts its effect. This study explored one potential mechanism; that decentering increases the cognitive accessibility of relevant goals. Male and female participants ( n = 90) spent 5 min practicing either a decentering or relaxation (control) technique. They then viewed a picture of a chocolate bar for 3 min whilst either applying the decentering technique or letting their mind wander (control)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734468/relationship-between-desired-weight-constructs-and-eating-disorder-severity-following-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Hope K Boyd, Lindsay P Bodell, Karen M Jennings, Andrea K Graham, Ross D Crosby, Jennifer E Wildes
BACKGROUND: Desired weight is an indicator of illness severity in youth with anorexia nervosa (AN), but its impact on eating disorder symptoms over time and in adults is unknown. This study examined longitudinal associations between two desired weight constructs (desired weight percentage, weight difference percentage) and eating disorder severity and body mass index (BMI) in patients aged 16-62 years old with AN presenting for inpatient or day hospital treatment. METHOD: Participants (N = 160) completed the Eating Disorder Examination and measures of height and weight at treatment admission, discharge, and 3, 6, and 12 months post-discharge...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723172/health-care-provider-counseling-for-weight-loss-among-adults-with-arthritis-and-overweight-or-obesity-united-states-2002-2014
#20
Dana Guglielmo, Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, Michael A Boring, Kristina A Theis, Brook Belay, Kamil E Barbour, Miriam G Cisternas, Charles G Helmick
In the United States, 54.4 million adults report having doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). Among adults with arthritis, 32.7% and 38.1% also have overweight and obesity, respectively (1), with obesity being more prevalent among persons with arthritis than among those who do not have arthritis (2). Furthermore, severe joint pain among adults with arthritis in 2014 was reported by 23.5% of adults with overweight and 31.7% of adults with obesity (3). The American College of Rheumatology recommends weight loss for adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis and overweight or obesity,* which can improve function and mobility while reducing pain and disability (4,5)...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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