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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643551/provider-advice-about-weight-loss-in-a-primary-care-sample-of-obese-and-overweight-patients
#1
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Melanie Jefferson, Cathy L Melvin, LaShanta Rice, Kemi M Chukwuka
OBJECTIVE: Primary care providers play an important role in obesity prevention and reduction by advising patients about weight loss strategies. This study examined receipt of provider advice to lose weight among primary care patients who were overweight and obese. METHODS: Observational study conducted among primary care patients (n = 282) who completed a survey that measured receipt of provider advice about weight loss/management, chronic health conditions, perceived weight status, and perceptions about shared decision making about weight loss/management...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643062/loss-of-medicaid-insurance-after-successful-bariatric-surgery-an-unintended-outcome
#2
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Irving L Kron, Bruce Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to dramatic weight loss and improved overall health, which may affect insurance status for certain patients. Traditional Medicaid provides coverage for children, pregnant women, and disabled adults, while expanded Medicaid provides insurance coverage to all adults with incomes up to 138% of the federal poverty level. We hypothesized that successful bariatric surgery would lead to improved health status but an unintended loss of Medicaid coverage. METHODS: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single institution in a non-expansion state from 1985 through 2015 were identified using a prospectively collected database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635510/the-effects-on-obesity-related-peptides-of-laparoscopic-gastric-band-applications-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#3
Pinar Cigdem Arica, Seval Aydin, Ulgen Zengin, Ahmet Kocael, Anil Orhan, Kagan Zengin, Remise Gelisgen, Mustafa Taskin, Hafize Uzun
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between weight loss and resistin, apelin, chemerin, and visfatin after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). METHODS: The study group consisted of 19 patients who were operated on for morbid obesity (BMI: 48.7 ± 6.6 kg/m(2)), and 22 healthy, normal-weight (BMI: 22.9 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)) subjects formed the control group. We obtained blood samples from the study subjects at three different times: before undergoing surgery and at one month and 6 months after surgery...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633388/sex-obesity-and-blood-pressure-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#4
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Keith C Norris, Derek M Griffith, Mario Sims, Roland J Thorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the degree to which sex, weight status, and the presence of hypertension and obesity in parents/grandparents were associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) among African American youth in a pilot offspring study examining obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among adolescents. RESULTS: Fully adjusted linear regression models of the total sample produced results indicating that obesity was associated with BP (SBP: β = 7...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632851/losing-weight-during-the-postpartum-period
#5
Adam Gilden Tsai, Wanda K Nicholson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624261/dutch-health-websites-and-their-ability-to-inform-people-with-low-health-literacy
#6
Corine S Meppelink, Julia C M van Weert, Anna Brosius, Edith G Smit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Dutch online health information (OHI) generally reflects message elements that support information processing and understanding among people with low health literacy. METHODS: We content-analyzed one hundred Dutch webpages about Ebola, fibromyalgia, ALS, losing weight, borderline personality disorder, hemorrhoids, ADD, bladder infection, shingles, and chicken pox. The codebook covered the following domains: images and videos, readability level, Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), advertising, interactive features, and reliability cues...
June 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622790/early-life-risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-overweight-and-obesity-at-around-two-years-of-age
#7
E C Rowe, W J Browne, R A Casey, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. This study used prospective data from a longitudinal study of pet cats ('C.L.A.W.S.', www.bristol.ac.uk/vetscience/claws) to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity occurring at around two years of age. Data were collected via five owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged two-six months, six months, 12 months, 18 months and two years respectively) completed between May 2011 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616846/characterizing-user-engagement-with-health-app-data-a-data-mining-approach
#8
Katrina J Serrano, Kisha I Coa, Mandi Yu, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, Audie A Atienza
The use of mobile health applications (apps) especially in the area of lifestyle behaviors has increased, thus providing unprecedented opportunities to develop health programs that can engage people in real-time and in the real-world. Yet, relatively little is known about which factors relate to the engagement of commercially available apps for health behaviors. This exploratory study examined behavioral engagement with a weight loss app, Lose It! and characterized higher versus lower engaged groups. Cross-sectional, anonymized data from Lose It! were analyzed (n = 12,427,196)...
June 14, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615709/programmable-deployment-of-tensegrity-structures-by-stimulus-responsive-polymers
#10
Ke Liu, Jiangtao Wu, Glaucio H Paulino, H Jerry Qi
Tensegrity structures with detached struts are naturally suitable for deployable applications, both in terrestrial and outer-space structures, as well as morphing devices. Composed of discontinuous struts and continuous cables, such systems are only structurally stable when self-stress is induced; otherwise, they lose the original geometrical configuration (while keeping the topology) and thus can be tightly packed. We exploit this feature by using stimulus responsive polymers to introduce a paradigm for creating actively deployable 3D structures with complex shapes...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613395/clozapine-dose-for-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Selvizhi Subramanian, Birgit A Völlm, Nick Huband
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and related disorders such as schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder are serious mental illnesses characterised by profound disruptions in thinking and speech, emotional processes, behaviour and sense of self. Clozapine is useful in the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders, particularly when other antipsychotic medications have failed. It improves positive symptoms (such as delusions and hallucinations) and negative symptoms (such as withdrawal and poverty of speech)...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611007/using-social-media-to-deliver-weight-loss-programming-to-young-adults-design-and-rationale-for-the-healthy-body-healthy-u-hbhu-trial
#12
Melissa A Napolitano, Jessica A Whiteley, Meghan N Mavredes, Jamie Faro, Loretta DiPietro, Laura L Hayman, Charles J Neighbors, Samuel Simmens
BACKGROUND: The transitional period from late adolescence to early adulthood is a vulnerable period for weight gain, with a twofold increase in overweight/obesity during this life transition. In the United States, approximately one-third of young adults have obesity and are at a high risk for weight gain. PURPOSE: To describe the design and rationale of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) sponsored randomized, controlled clinical trial, the Healthy Body Healthy U (HBHU) study, which compares the differential efficacy of three interventions on weight loss among young adults aged 18-35years...
June 10, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604374/a-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-diet-improves-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-adjustable-gastric-banding
#13
Marina Taus, Daniele Fumelli, Debora Busni, Francesca Borroni, Sonia Sebastianelli, Giulia Nicolai, Albano Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Often, in severe obesity, diet and physical activity are not enough to achieve a healthy BMI. Bariatric surgical approach, in particular laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), has encouraging results in terms of weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities. However, several months after LAGB, some patients are enable to lose weight anymore and don't tolerate a further calibration because of its collateral effects (excessive sense of fullness, heartburn, regurgitation and vomiting)...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604215/faltering-growth
#14
Erin Dean
Essential facts Faltering growth, previously called failure to thrive, refers to a slower rate of weight gain in childhood than expected for age and sex. While newborns normally lose weight in the first days of life, persisting or large weight losses can cause concern.
June 12, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604018/resisting-temptation-for-the-good-of-the-group-binding-moral-values-and-the-moralization-of-self-control
#15
Marlon Mooijman, Peter Meindl, Daphna Oyserman, John Monterosso, Morteza Dehghani, John M Doris, Jesse Graham
When do people see self-control as a moral issue? We hypothesize that the group-focused "binding" moral values of Loyalty/betrayal, Authority/subversion, and Purity/degradation play a particularly important role in this moralization process. Nine studies provide support for this prediction. First, moralization of self-control goals (e.g., losing weight, saving money) is more strongly associated with endorsing binding moral values than with endorsing individualizing moral values (Care/harm, Fairness/cheating)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603603/multi-modality-surgical-treatment-for-an-increasingly-common-patient-with-morbid-obesity-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#16
Zachary A Ichter, Madhumithaa Parthasarathy, John M Morton
The link between obesity and health disorders such as hypertension, diabetes and coronary artery disease is well known. When a morbidly obese patient presents with a new diagnosis of any cancer, it adds to the many challenges both the patient and treating physicians face. Not only is surgical resection of the malignancy more technically challenging, but also postoperative care such as therapeutic radiation and follow-up imaging is limited by the weight and size restrictions of the machines. With time to treatment being a key factor in limiting the progression of disease, standard weight loss techniques such as diet and exercise in the majority of cases take too long or fail to lead to adequate results...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601167/evaluation-of-a-theory-based-intervention-aimed-at-reducing-intention-to-use-restrictive-dietary-behaviors-among-adolescent-female-athletes
#17
Catherine Laramée, Vicky Drapeau, Pierre Valois, Claude Goulet, Raphaëlle Jacob, Véronique Provencher, Benoît Lamarche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention to reduce the intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight among adolescent female athletes involved in aesthetic sports. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Aesthetic sport teams of adolescent female athletes aged 12-17 years. PARTICIPANTS: Two teams (n = 37 athletes) in the intervention group and 3 teams (n = 33) in the comparison group...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600158/lorcaserin-plus-lifestyle-modification-for-weight-loss-maintenance-rationale-and-design-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Nasreen Alfaris, Ariana M Chao, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Few studies have examined the efficacy of recently approved medications for chronic weight management in facilitating the maintenance of lost weight. This paper provides an overview of the design and rationale for a trial investigating whether lorcaserin, when combined with behavioral weight loss maintenance sessions (WLM), will facilitate the maintenance of losses of ≥5% of initial weight. METHODS: In this two-phase trial, participants with obesity will enroll in a 14-week run-in diet program consisting of weekly group lifestyle modification sessions and a 1000-1200kcal/d meal replacement diet...
June 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596244/weight-cycling-and-the-subsequent-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-10-year-cohort-studies-in-urban-and-rural-japan
#19
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Sachiko Ohde, Osamu Takahashi, Mie Mochizuki, Atsunori Takahashi, Yoshioki Yoda, Masahiro Tsuji, Yuka Akiyama, Zentaro Yamagata
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how weight cycling (gaining and losing weight) affects the risk of diabetes. DESIGN: Cohort studies. SETTING: Primary healthcare in urban and rural Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 20 708 urban and 9670 rural residents. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: ORs for diabetes in those with weight loss, weight loss-gain, stable weight, weight gain-loss and weight gain over 10 years. Weight gain and loss were defined as a change of more than ±4% from baseline weight...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595525/obesity-induced-hypertension-new-insights
#20
Christina Antza, Stella Stabouli, Michalis Natsis, Ioannis Doundoulakis, Vasilios Kotsis
BACKGROUND: New insights on the relationship between weight loss and hypertension and the role of the newly approved anti-obesity drugs on hypertension will be discussed Methods: Weight loss is a major factor to reduce blood pressure when a patient with excess weight is advised from the health care provider to change his lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle with reduction in body weight, reduction in caloric intake, increased fruit and vegetables consumption and reduced salt intake concomitant with an increase in physical exercise can reduce body weight and hypertension in overweight and obese patients, but not all obese are able to reduce their blood pressure and lose weight without treatment and special dietary care...
June 7, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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