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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718352/narratives-for-obesity-effects-of-weight-loss-and-attribution-on-empathy-and-policy-support
#1
Paul H Thibodeau, Rachel Uri, Briana Thompson, Stephen J Flusberg
Despite an urgent need to address the issue of obesity, little research has examined the psychological factors that influence support for obesity-related policy initiatives, which represent an important tool for addressing this complex health issue. In the present study, we measured the degree to which people supported obesity-related policy interventions and empathized with a person struggling with obesity after reading a personal account of his or her situation. The narrative described an obese individual who was portrayed as either successfully losing weight or not, and as attributing his or her weight-loss outcome to personal or environmental factors...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713285/amiloride-improves-endothelial-function-and-reduces-vascular-stiffness-in-female-mice-fed-a-western-diet
#2
Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Annayya R Aroor, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Guanghong Jia, Javad Habibi, Vincent G DeMarco, Brady Barron, Adam Whaley-Connell, Ravi Nistala, James R Sowers
Obese premenopausal women lose their sex related cardiovascular disease protection and develop greater arterial stiffening than age matched men. In female mice, we have shown that consumption of a Western diet (WD), high in fat and refined sugars, is associated with endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffening, which occur via activation of mineralocorticoid receptors and associated increases in epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity on endothelial cells (EnNaC). Herein our aim was to determine the effect that reducing EnNaC activity with a very-low-dose of amiloride would have on decreasing endothelial and arterial stiffness in young female mice consuming a WD...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712020/considering-weight-loss-programs-and-public-health-partnerships-in-american-evangelical-protestant-churches
#3
D Gibbes Miller
The obesity epidemic is a critical public health threat facing the USA. With the advent of American Evangelical Protestant (AEP) weight loss guides and narratives, AEP churches could potentially aid public health agencies in combatting obesity, and some scholars have called for investment in partnerships between public health agencies and religious institutions. This paper examines the theological and social underpinnings of AEP weight loss programs and considers the potential benefits and risks of public health partnerships with AEP churches to combat obesity...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703009/evaluating-the-ecological-validity-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire-among-obese-adults-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#4
Tyler B Mason, Carly R Pacanowski, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Obese adults ( N = 50) completed the DEBQ, followed by a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol that included measures of eating episodes and associated intrapersonal contextual factors. Results revealed that DEBQ Emotional Eating was associated with greater negative affect and less positive affect at both pre- and post-eating episode, as well as post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701250/the-ketogenic-diet-making-a-comeback
#5
Thomas Walczyk, Jeannette Y Wick
Americans have embraced a large number of diets in an attempt to manage obesity, improve quality of life, and address specific health problems. Among diets developed to address health problems, the ketogenic diet has had a long and variable history. Developed in the 1920s by a faith healer to help children with epilepsy, this diet induces a state that mimics carbohydrate starvation. As medications became available and effectively addressed seizures, the diet fell out of favor. During the last few decades, researchers and clinicians have learned that it can be useful in children and adults with refractory epilepsy and a variety of other conditions...
July 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699463/investigating-the-attitudes-of-nurses-who-are-obese
#6
Jane Wills, Muireann Kelly
The prevalence of obesity is higher among nurses than in any other group of healthcare professionals. Obesity is an issue for the nursing workforce because of its effects on work-related sickness absence and productivity, through related conditions such as arthritis and diabetes. Aim To investigate the attitudes, motivations and behaviours of, and the uptake of workplace health initiatives by, nurses who are obese. Method Nurses who are or were obese and who practised in England were recruited at the Royal College of Nursing congress in Glasgow in June 2016...
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699409/review-of-the-effectiveness-of-enteral-feeding-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#7
Kaleena Trimpe, Michele R Shaw, Marian Wilson, Mel R Haberman
Enteral supplementation for nutritional support in pediatric oncology patients remains nonstandardized across institutions and between providers. Pediatric oncology patients frequently fail to meet their growth curve percentiles, lose weight, and/or are malnourished due to both the oncologic process as well as side effects from chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Methods of increasing weight include enteral feeding (nasogastric, nasoduodenal/jejunal, or gastrostomy), parenteral intravenous feeding, and oral supplementation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693958/childhood-obesity-obesity-treatment-outcome-and-achieved-education-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Emilia Hagman, Pernilla Danielsson, Lena Brandt, Viktoria Svensson, Anders Ekbom, Claude Marcus
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity represents a social burden. This study aims to investigate whether achieved educational level differs in young adults who have suffered obesity in childhood compared with the general population and to determine how obesity treatment influences achieved educational level. METHODS: This prospective cohort study includes subjects from the Swedish Childhood Obesity Treatment Registry (BORIS, n = 1,465) who were followed up after 20 years of age...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693549/equity-in-hta-what-doesn-t-get-measured-gets-marginalised
#9
Richard Cookson, Andrew J Mirelman
When making recommendations about the public funding of new health technologies, policy makers typically pay close attention to quantitative evidence about the comparative effectiveness, cost effectiveness and budget impact of those technologies - what we might call "efficiency" criteria. Less attention is paid, however, to quantitative evidence about who gains and who loses from these public expenditure decisions, and whether those who gain are better or worse off than the rest of the population in terms of their health - what we might call "equity" criteria...
July 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690865/delaying-pigs-from-the-normal-production-flow-is-associated-with-health-problems-and-poorer-performance
#10
Julia Adriana Calderón Díaz, Alessia Diana, Laura Ann Boyle, Finola C Leonard, Máire McElroy, Shane McGettrick, John Moriarty, Edgar García Manzanilla
BACKGROUND: Delaying pigs from advancing through the production stages could have a negative impact on their health and performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible implications of delaying pigs from the normal production flow on pig health and performance in a farrow-to-finish commercial farm with a self-declared All-In/All-Out (AIAO) management. RESULTS: Three flows of pigs were defined, flow 1 (i.e. pigs that followed the normal production flow; 8 weeks in the nursery stage, 4 weeks in the growing stage and 8 weeks in the finisher stage), flow 2 (i...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686527/factors-associated-with-achievement-of-clinically-significant-weight-loss-by-women-in-a-national-nonprofit-weight-loss-program
#11
Nia S Mitchell, Anna L Furniss, Laura J Helmkamp, Rachael E Van Pelt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant weight loss (CSWL) is ≥5% of initial weight. The purpose of the study is to determine factors associated with women achieving CSWL in Take Off Pounds Sensibly (TOPS), a national, nonprofit weight loss program. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 48,674 females who joined TOPS from 2005 to 2011 and had a birth date in the database. Predictors of CSWL were evaluated using log-binomial regression and adjusted relative risks [99% CI] for participant age, initial weight, number of members per chapter, and chapter age...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679015/association-between-weight-change-health-outcomes-and-mortality-in-older-residents-in-long-term-care
#12
Wei Zhou, Andrzej Kozikowski, Renee Pekmezaris, James Lolis, Barbara Tommasulo, Joanna Fishbein, Gisele Wolf-Klein
OBJECTIVES: Despite the numerous health risks associated with being overweight, the effect of weight loss on health and longevity remains controversial, particularly in older adults. We explored the association among weight changes, health outcomes, and mortality in older residents of a skilled nursing facility. METHODS: A 6-year retrospective chart review of residents of a long-term care facility was conducted, collecting monthly weights in addition to the clinical and demographic data of all residents for at least 1 year...
July 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676081/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-motivators-and-context-preferences-a-population-based-study-in-people-in-their-sixties
#13
Jannique G Z van Uffelen, Asaduzzaman Khan, Nicola W Burton
BACKGROUND: Although regular participation in physical activity (PA) has health benefits across the life span, the proportion of people doing sufficient activity for these benefits decreases with age. The aim of this study was to identify motivating factors and context preferences for PA in people in their sixties, and to examine gender differences in these factors. METHODS: Data were used from people aged 60-67 years who responded to a mail survey in Brisbane, Australia, in 2009...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671558/brain-functional-connectivity-is-modified-by-a-hypocaloric-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-in-obese-women
#14
Natalia García-Casares, María R Bernal-López, Nuria Roé-Vellvé, Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar, Jose C Fernández-García, Juan A García-Arnés, José R Ramos-Rodriguez, Francisco Alfaro, Sonia Santamaria-Fernández, Trevor Steward, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Isabel Garcia-Garcia, Pedro Valdivielso, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Francisco J Tinahones, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in the resting state has shown altered brain connectivity networks in obese individuals. However, the impact of a Mediterranean diet on cerebral connectivity in obese patients when losing weight has not been previously explored. The aim of this study was to examine the connectivity between brain structures before and six months after following a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet and physical activity program in a group of sixteen obese women aged 46.31 ± 4.07 years...
July 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668592/physiologic-musculofascial-compliance-following-reinforcement-with-electrospun-polycaprolactone-ureidopyrimidinone-mesh-in-a-rat-model
#15
Lucie Hympanova, Marina Gabriela Monteiro Carvalho Mori da Cunha, Rita Rynkevic, Manuel Zündel, Monica Ramos Gallego, Jakob Vange, Geertje Callewaert, Iva Urbankova, Frank Van der Aa, Edoardo Mazza, Jan Deprest
PURPOSE: Electrospun meshes may be considered as substitutes to textile polypropylene implants. We compared the host response and biomechanical properties of the rat abdominal wall following reinforcement with either polycaprolactone (PCL) modified with ureidopyrimidinone-motifs (UPy) or polypropylene mesh. METHODS: First we measured the response to cyclic uniaxial load within the physiological range both dry (room temperature) and wet (body temperature). 36 rats underwent primary repair of a full-thickness abdominal wall defect with a polypropylene suture (native tissue repair), or reinforced with either UPy-PCL or ultra-light weight polypropylene mesh (n = 12/group)...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668407/current-and-cutting-edge-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obese-patients
#16
REVIEW
Jenanan Vairavamurthy, Lawrence J Cheskin, Dara L Kraitchman, Aravind Arepally, Clifford R Weiss
The number of people classified as obese, defined by the World Health Organization as having a body mass index ≥30, has been rising since the 1980s. Obesity is associated with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The current treatment paradigm emphasizes lifestyle modifications, including diet and exercise; however this approach produces only modest weight loss for many patients. When lifestyle modifications fail, the current "gold standard" therapy for obesity is bariatric surgery, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, duodenal switch, and placement of an adjustable gastric band...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663074/impact-of-preoperative-wait-time-due-to-insurance-mandated-medically-supervised-diets-on-weight-loss-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-are-patients-losing-momentum
#17
Lee D Ying, Andrew J Duffy, Kurt E Roberts, Saber Ghiassi, Matthew O Hubbard, Geoffrey S Nadzam
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined whether preoperative period length, as defined by the amount of time from enrollment in a surgical weight loss program to the day of surgery, affects postoperative weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To identify associations between preoperative period length and postoperative weight loss. SETTING: Single surgeon at an academic medical center in the United States. METHODS: Retrospective chart review in 109 consecutive patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy from 2014-2015...
May 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657838/reducing-calorie-intake-may-not-help-you-lose-body-weight
#18
David Benton, Hayley A Young
As the widespread availability of highly calorific food has resulted in a high incidence of obesity, attempts to decrease body weight have concentrated on trying to reduce energy intake. It is suggested that this is not the best approach. Although consuming more calories than expended is part of the initial problem, it does not follow that reducing intake, unless consciously counting calories, is the best solution. Mechanisms smooth out the large day-to-day differences in energy consumption, decreasing the importance of the size of a meal...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657184/the-use-of-supplements-and-performance-and-image-enhancing-drugs-in-fitness-settings-a-exploratory-cross-sectional-investigation-in-the-united-kingdom
#19
Roisin Mooney, Pierluigi Simonato, Risha Ruparelia, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
OBJECTIVE: The strive for perfection is prevalent in the fitness industry. This study aimed to explore the use of products to enhance performance alongside exposure to exercise addiction, appearance anxiety and self-esteem in fitness settings. METHODS: An online survey was prepared and piloted before wider dissemination in fitness clubs via snowballing and selected mailing lists. A list of commonly used products, including Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs (PIEDs) was provided...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654812/the-%C3%A2-for-lb-challenge-evaluation-of-a-novel-workplace-based-peer-led-weight-management-programme-2014-2016
#20
Damien Bennett, Tracy Owen, D T Bradley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the £ for lb. Challenge, a novel country-wide, workplace-based, peer-led weight management programme with participants from a range of private and public organisations in Northern Ireland. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention studies. METHODS: The intervention was workplace-based, led by volunteer co-worker champions and based on the NHS Choices 12-week weight loss guide which incorporates dietary advice, physical activity, behaviour change methods and weekly weight monitoring...
June 24, 2017: Public Health
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