Read by QxMD icon Read

Lose weight

Kamil E Barbour, Susan Moss, Janet B Croft, Charles G Helmick, Kristina A Theis, Teresa J Brady, Louise B Murphy, Jennifer M Hootman, Kurt J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Yan Wang
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Doctor-diagnosed arthritis is a common chronic condition affecting an estimated 23% (54 million) of adults in the United States, greatly influencing quality of life and costing approximately $300 billion annually. The geographic variations in arthritis prevalence, health-related characteristics, and management among states and territories are unknown. Therefore, public health professionals need to understand arthritis in their areas to target dissemination of evidence-based interventions that reduce arthritis morbidity...
March 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Yuji Komorita, Masanori Iwase, Hiroki Fujii, Toshiaki Ohkuma, Hitoshi Ide, Tamaki Jodai-Kitamura, Akiko Sumi, Masahito Yoshinari, Udai Nakamura, Dongchon Kang, Takanari Kitazono
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that weight loss is associated with increased fracture risk in the general population. As patients with diabetes often lose weight intentionally or unintentionally, we aimed to investigate prospectively the relationship between weight loss from maximum body weight and fracture risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,706 Japanese participants with type 2 diabetes (mean age 66 years), including 2,755 men and 1,951 postmenopausal women, were followed for a median of 5...
March 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
Mohammad Nauzef Mahmood, Laura H C Peeters, Micha Paalman, Gijsbertus J Verkerke, Idsart Kingma, Jaap H van Dieën
BACKGROUND: Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy gradually lose the ability to use different muscles of their body. Consequently, they lose the ability to stabilize their trunk against gravity. This hinders them to effectively perform different daily activities. In this paper, we describe the design, realization and evaluation of a trunk orthosis for these patients that should allow them to move their trunk and maintain stability. METHOD: This study aimed to primarily assess the effectiveness of the trunk support system in terms of unloading of trunk muscles, so only healthy participants were recruited for this phase of the study...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Silvia Barja-Fernandez, José María Moreno-Navarrete, Cintia Folgueira, Gemma Xifra, Mònica Sabater, Cecilia Castelao, Johan FernØ, Rosaura Leis, Carlos Diéguez, Felipe F Casanueva, Wifredo Ricart, Luisa M Seoane, José Manuel Fernandez-Real, Rubén Nogueiras
SCOPE: Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL-4) regulates plasma lipoprotein levels but its relevance in human obesity and type 2 diabetes is largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the regulation of circulating ANGPTL-4 levels in obesity, type 2 diabetes and after changes in body weight. METHODS AND RESULTS: Circulating ANGPTL-4 levels were measured in two different cohorts. First, in a cross-sectional study, we evaluated ANGPTL-4 levels in lean and obese patients with normoglycemia or with altered glucose tolerance (n = 282)...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Agata Leońska-Duniec, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Aleksandra Jażdżewska, Waldemar Moska, Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Marek Sawczuk, Svetlana I Gubaydullina, Alsu T Shakirova, Pawel Cięszczyk, Adam Maszczyk, Ildus I Ahmetov
The effectiveness of physical exercise on fat loss and improvement of aerobic capacity varies considerably between individuals. A strong linkage exists between common allelic variants of the adrenergic receptor genes and weight gain, as well as changes in body composition. Therefore we aimed to check if body composition and metabolic variables were modulated by the ADRB2 (Gly16Arg and Glu27Gln), ADRB3 (Trp64Arg) and ADRA2A (rs553668 G/A) gene polymorphisms in 163 Polish sedentary women (age 19-24; body mass index (BMI) 21...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Ilana Schwartz, Courtney E McCracken, Christopher J Petit, Ritu Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: More patients with Fontan physiology are reaching adulthood. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the late outcomes of patients palliated with Fontan procedure and to assess the risk factors for mortality. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were queried to retrieve observational studies of survival in patients following the Fontan procedure with<u>></u>5 years of follow-up. A random-effects model was used to determine pooled survival estimates at 5, 10 and 15 years...
March 13, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, Robert F Kushner, James O Hill, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Providing coaches as part of a weight management program is a common practice to increase participant engagement and weight loss success. Understanding coach and participant interactions and how these interactions impact weight loss success needs to be further explored for coaching best practices. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the coach and participant interaction in a 6-month weight loss intervention administered by Retrofit, a personalized weight management and Web-based disease prevention solution...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Carl Joakim Brandt, Jane Clemensen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard
OBJECTIVES: Assisting patients in lifestyle change using collaborative e-health tools can be an efficient treatment for non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive lung disease that are caused or aggravated by unhealthy living in the form of unhealthy diet, physical inactivity or tobacco smoking. In a prospective pilot study, we tested an online collaborative e-health tool in general practice. The aim of this study was to identify drivers of importance for long-term personal lifestyle changes from a patient perspective when using a collaborative e-health tool, including the support of peers and healthcare professionals...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Seung-Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Cindi SturtzSreetharan
For an industrialized nation, obesity rates in South Korea are extremely low. Yet, reflecting an extremely fat-averse, thin-positive society, efforts to lose weight are now reportedly very common. Since the 1980s, South Korea has experienced an increasingly flexible and insecure labor market which was exacerbated by the 1997 economic recession. In this social and economic setting, body shape and weight status, as human capital, may have gained significant bargaining power in the labor market. Consequently, we propose that Koreans, particularly those who are employed in "stable" jobs (i...
March 9, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
D L Rofey, N E El Nokali, L J Jackson Foster, E Seiler, H L McCauley, E Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of childhood trauma and family history of psychiatric illness on weight loss trajectories of obese, adolescent females with PCOS. DESIGN: Prospective Study SETTING: PCOS and Adolescent Medicine Outpatient Clinics PATIENTS: Participants were, on average, 15.8 years, 80% Caucasian, and had a BMI of 36.8 ± 8.8 kg/m2 . INTERVENTIONS: Healthy Bodies, Healthy Minds is an evidence-based one-on-one intervention consisting of four weekly sessions, four bi-weekly sessions, and three monthly booster sessions...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Marisa Koini, Marco Duering, Benno G Gesierich, Serge A R B Rombouts, Stefan Ropele, Fabian Wagner, Christian Enzinger, Reinhold Schmidt
Loss of grey-matter volume with advancing age affects the entire cortex. It has been suggested that atrophy occurs in a network-dependent manner with advancing age rather than in independent brain areas. The relationship between networks of structural covariance (SCN) disintegration and cognitive functioning during normal aging is not fully explored. We, therefore, aimed to (1) identify networks that lose GM integrity with advancing age, (2) investigate if age-related impairment of integrity in GM networks associates with cognitive function and decreasing fine motor skills (FMS), and (3) examine if GM disintegration is a mediator between age and cognition and FMS...
March 6, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
Aline C C Tritto, Mariane T Amano, Maria E De Cillo, Vinicius A Oliveira, Sandro H Mendes, Caroline Yoshioka, Hamilton Roschel, Niels Olsen S Camara, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme G Artioli
The role of plasma glutamine concentration and glutamine supplementation on immunosuppression was investigated in combat athletes. Twenty-three male athletes were randomly assigned to receive glutamine (21 g/day, n=12) or placebo (ovalbumin, n=11) for 10 days. Six athletes who did not lose weight served as controls. Athletes were assessed 21 days before (-21d), 1 day before (-1d) and 5 days after (+5d) a competition. Weight reduction was similar between glutamine (-8.2%± 4.1%) and placebo (-8.5%±2.4%) and negligible in control (-0...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Andrew Stokes, Jason M Collins, Bethany F Grant, Robin F Scamuffa, Chia-Wen Hsiao, Stephen S Johnston, Eric M Ammann, JoAnn E Manson, Samuel H Preston
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how changes in weight over the life course shape risk for diabetes is critical for the prevention of diabetes. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we investigated the association between self-reported weight change from young adulthood to midlife and incident diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We categorized individuals into four weight-change groups: those who remained nonobese (stable nonobese), those who moved from an obese BMI to a nonobese BMI (losing), those who moved from a nonobese BMI to an obese BMI (gaining), and those who remained obese (stable obese)...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Care
Nicole Prinz, Barbara Bohn, Annamarie Kern, Deborah Püngel, Olga Pollatos, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: For dietary assessment, mobile devices with a camera can be used as an alternative to hand-written paper records. The Nutritional Tracking Information Smartphone (Nutris-Phone) study aimed to examine relative validity and feasibility of a photo-based dietary record in everyday life. DESIGN: Parallel to the photo-based technique, a weighed record was performed. Participant satisfaction was assessed by questionnaire. A trained nutrition scientist evaluated portion sizes and nutrient content was calculated (DGExpert)...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Fernando J Roca Fraga, Malgorzata Lagisz, Shinichi Nakagawa, Nicolas Lopez-Villalobos, Hugh Blair, Paul Kenyon
Across the literature there is large variation in lamb birth weight responses to changes in the ewe pregnancy nutrition. Much of this heterogeneity has been attributed to several factors inherent to each experiment, however, the relative contribution of these experimental factors has not yet been quantified. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically review the variation in lamb birth weight responses across nutritional studies involving adult multiparous ewes. Effect sizes for individual studies were estimated using the unbiased estimator Hedges' g, whereby, positive and negative values indicate heavier and lighter treatment lambs vs...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Mitchell S Cappell, Ahmed Edhi, Mitual Amin
RATIONALE: Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare, presumably congenital lesion that is usually diagnosed in patients < 3 years old, is rarely first diagnosed in adulthood, and when first diagnosed in adulthood typically presents with symptoms for many years. Although PIL is often identified by endoscopic abnormalities, it must be emphasized that the jejunoileum/distal duodenum must be intubated for diagnosis because the lesions are present in these regions. This work demonstrates that 1)-PIL can occur in an octogenarian; 2)-shows that the characteristic endoscopic findings are not found at colonoscopy without terminal ileal intubation; and 3)-may be missed at standard EGD without distal duodenal intubation...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Koen van der Swaluw, Mattijs S Lambooij, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Marcel Zeelenberg, Johan J Polder, Henriëtte M Prast
Many people aim to change their lifestyle, but have trouble acting on their intentions. Behavioral economic incentives and related emotions can support commitment to personal health goals, but the related emotions remain unexplored. In a regret lottery, winners who do not attain their health goals do not get their prize but receive feedback on what their forgone earnings would have been. This counterfactual feedback should provoke anticipated regret and increase commitment to health goals. We explored which emotions were actually expected upon missing out on a prize due to unsuccessful weight loss and which incentive-characteristics influence their likelihood and intensity...
March 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Shawn M Varney, Patrick C Ng, Crystal A Perez, Allyson A Araña, Edwin R Austin, Rosemarie G Ramos, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement use (protein/amino acids, weight-loss supplements, performance enhancers) is common among U.S. military members. Reported dietary supplement use in deployed troops is limited and is of concern in settings where troops are exposed to high ambient temperatures, increased physical demands, and dehydration. Our objective was to describe dietary supplement use and adverse events (AEs) among deployed U.S. service members compared with their pre-deployment use...
October 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
Brian Kinslow, Hendrik D De Heer, Meghan Warren
PURPOSE: Functional limitations are associated with decreased physical activity and increased body mass index. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of functional limitations among adults who reported receiving health professional advice to exercise more or lose weight, and to assess involvement of health professionals, including physical therapists, in weight loss efforts with these individuals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of U.S. adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 5,480)...
March 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Diane Procaccini, Ann L Cupp Curley, Martha Goldman
INTRODUCTION: It is accepted that newborns lose weight in the first few days of life. Baby-Friendly practices that support breastfeeding may affect newborn weight loss. The objective of this study were: 1) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices are associated with term newborn weight loss day 0-2 in three feeding categories (exclusively breastfed, mixed formula fed and breastfed, and formula fed). 2) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices increase exclusive breast feeding rates in different ethnic populations...
February 28, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"