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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547735/the-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-ethiopia-national-estimates-from-a-population-based-door-to-door-survey
#1
Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#2
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545538/providing-online-weight-management-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-healthcare-practitioners-experiences-of-using-and-supporting-patients-using-power
#3
Emily Smith, Katherine Bradbury, Lisa Scott, Mary Steele, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: An online weight management intervention (POWeR+) combined with a small amount of primary care healthcare practitioner support is effective in helping patients to lose weight, but little is known about how practitioners interact with the POWeR+ intervention or their experiences of providing support for patients using POWeR+. The aim of this study was to explore practitioners' usage of POWeR+ and their experiences of providing support to patients using POWeR+. METHODS: Set within a randomised controlled trial of POWeR+, practitioners' usage of POWeR+ was automatically captured and a qualitative process analysis was conducted employing semi-structured telephone interviews with practitioners who provided support to patients using POWeR+...
May 25, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545315/relationship-between-sleep-pattern-and-efficacy-of-calorie-restricted-mediterranean-diet-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#4
Giuditta Pagliai, Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
The association between the sleep pattern and the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet in people with overweight/obesity has been investigated in this study. Four hundred and three subjects were provided with a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet and followed for 9 months. Personal information, including sleep pattern, was obtained at the baseline. Body weight and composition were measured every 3 months. Poor sleepers reported to have significantly (p < .05) higher BMI and fat mass percentage than good sleepers...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544551/electronic-based-lifestyle-interventions-in-overweight-or-obese-perinatal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Y Lau, P Klainin-Yobas, T P Htun, S N Wong, K L Tan, S T Ho-Lim, C Chi, C Tsai, K W Ong, S Shorey, W S W Tam
Electronic-based (e-based) lifestyle interventions provide potential and cost-effective delivery of remote interventions for overweight and obese perinatal women. To date, no meta-analysis has reported the efficacy of maternal and neonatal outcomes. Seven electronic databases were searched from inception up to July 13, 2016, including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus. Among the 1,145 studies retrieved, 14 randomized controlled trials were selected among 17 publications...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541435/lessons-from-singapore-s-national-weight-management-program-lose-to-win
#6
Kathryn Vasquez, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Wilson Low, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Annie Ling
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Singapore is lower than in most countries, but it is increasing. There is evidence health complications may appear at lower weights among Asians. We describe the evolution of a national weight management program [Lose To Win (LTW)] organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board from 2009 to 2013. LTW is a 12-week program comprising nutrition education, physical activity and mental wellbeing sessions and interim assessments. Individuals aged 18-69 years with a body mass index (BMI) between 23 and 37...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539050/functional-capacities-of-polish-adults-of-60-87-years-and-risk-of-losing-functional-independence
#7
Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławinska, Anna Skrzek, Krystyna Rożek, Sławomir Kozieł, Pawel Posłuszny, Robert M Malina
AIM: To characterise the functional capacities of Polish men and women aged 60-87 years and evaluate their status relative to criteria for functional independence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-one women and 125 men, aged 60-87 years, who were residents of Wrocław, southwestern Poland, were recruited. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The Fullerton Functional Fitness Test was administered to test upper and lower body strength, upper and lower body flexibility, agility-dynamic balance and aerobic endurance...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537467/dose-escalation-of-biologics-in-crohn-s-disease-critical-review-of-observational-studies
#8
Thomas R Einarson, Basil G Bereza, Xin Ying Lee, Filippo Lelli
BACKGROUND: Biologics used to treat Crohn's disease (CD) may lose their effect over time, requiring dose escalation. Little information is available on this topic. AIM: To summarize rates of dose escalation, duration, de-escalation in observational studies of CD in adults treated with adalimumab, infliximab, and vedolizumab in Europe. METHODS: Two independent investigators searched Medline and Embase for observational studies published 1998-2015 and proceedings from 4 major scientific meetings...
May 24, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537332/comparison-of-intermittent-fasting-versus-caloric-restriction-in-obese-subjects-a-two-year-follow-up
#9
F B Aksungar, M Sarıkaya, A Coskun, M Serteser, I Unsal
OBJECTIVE: Caloric restriction (CR) is proven to be effective in increasing life span and it is well known that, nutritional habits, sleeping pattern and meal frequency have profound effects on human health. In Ramadan some Muslims fast during the day-light hours for a month, providing us a unique model of intermittent fasting (IF) in humans. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of IF versus CR on the same non-diabetic obese subjects who were followed for two years according to the growth hormone (GH)/Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis and insulin resistance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528817/tracing-and-characterizing-the-development-of-transplanted-female-germline-stem-cells-in%C3%A2-vivo
#11
Changqing Wu, Bo Xu, Xiaoyong Li, Wenzhi Ma, Ping Zhang, Xuejin Chen, Ji Wu
It has long been believed that most female mammalian species lose the ability to generate oocytes in postnatal ovaries. Recent evidence has demonstrated the isolation and culture of female germline stem cells (FGSCs) from adult mice and humans. However, the process and mechanisms of FGSC differentiation in vivo following transplantation have not yet been studied. Here, we isolated and characterized FGSCs from a single EGFP-transgenic mouse, and traced the development and behavior of transplanted FGSCs (F-TFs) in vivo...
May 6, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515203/wild-birds-respond-to-flockmate-loss-by-increasing-their-social-network-associations-to-others
#12
Josh A Firth, Bernhard Voelkl, Ross A Crates, Lucy M Aplin, Dora Biro, Darren P Croft, Ben C Sheldon
Understanding the consequences of losing individuals from wild populations is a current and pressing issue, yet how such loss influences the social behaviour of the remaining animals is largely unexplored. Through combining the automated tracking of winter flocks of over 500 wild great tits (Parus major) with removal experiments, we assessed how individuals' social network positions responded to the loss of their social associates. We found that the extent of flockmate loss that individuals experienced correlated positively with subsequent increases in the number of their social associations, the average strength of their bonds and their overall connectedness within the social network (defined as summed edge weights)...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507609/depression-and-alexithymia-on-weight-perception-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Regina, Marcos Antonio Tambascia
BACKGROUND: Obesity's increasing follows decreased perception of weight status in obese persons, mainly female, undergoing age-related changes. OBJECTIVE: To study weight perception and psychological alterations associated to MS and T2DM. METHODS: 200 patients selected from Metabolic Syndrome Outpatient Clinic of University of Campinas. Instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety Inventories', Toronto Alexithymia Scale-26s, questionnaire and data from reports...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501906/medication-use-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes-in-obese-individuals
#14
REVIEW
John P H Wilding
Obesity is a major cause of type 2 diabetes and may complicate type 1 diabetes. Weight loss for obese individuals with diabetes has many health benefits, often leads to improvement in glucose control and sometimes, in type 2 diabetes, near normalisation of abnormal glucose metabolism. Weight loss is difficult to maintain and attempts to lose weight may be undermined by some diabetes treatments such as sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones and insulin. Whilst lifestyle support should be the primary approach to aid individuals who wish to lose weight, pharmacological approaches can also be considered...
May 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#15
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500022/what-matters-in-weight-loss-an-in-depth-analysis-of-self-monitoring
#16
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, James O Hill, Robert F Kushner, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Using technology to self-monitor body weight, dietary intake, and physical activity is a common practice used by consumers and health companies to increase awareness of current and desired behaviors in weight loss. Understanding how to best use the information gathered by these relatively new methods needs to be further explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of self-monitoring to weight loss in participants in a 6-month commercial weight-loss intervention administered by Retrofit and to specifically identify the significant contributors to weight loss that are associated with behavior and outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498844/windowed-persistent-homology-a-topological-signal-processing-algorithm-applied-to-clinical-obesity-data
#17
Craig Biwer, Amy Rothberg, Heidi IglayReger, Harm Derksen, Charles F Burant, Kayvan Najarian
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in the population of the United States, affecting roughly 2/3 of Americans. These diseases, along with their associated conditions, are a major burden on the healthcare industry in terms of both dollars spent and effort expended. Volitional weight loss is attempted by many, but weight regain is common. The ability to predict which patients will lose weight and successfully maintain the loss versus those prone to regain weight would help ease this burden by allowing clinicians the ability to skip treatments likely to be ineffective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497511/effects-of-medical-trainees-weight-loss-history-on-perceptions-of-patients-with-obesity
#18
Rebecca L Pearl, Dallas Argueso, Thomas A Wadden
CONTEXT: Medical professionals often express weight-biased attitudes. Prior research suggests that people who overcome a challenge are critical of individuals who struggle to overcome the same challenge. Thus, medical trainees who have successfully achieved and maintained weight loss may express greater weight bias and more critical attitudes toward patients with obesity who fail to overcome these challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the effects of medical trainees' weight-loss history on weight-biased attitudes and responses to patients with varying weight-loss outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495040/overweight-and-obesity-weight-perception-and-weight-management-practices-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-education-snap-ed-participants-in-georgia-a%C3%A2-needs-assessment
#19
Claudette Bailey, Jung Sun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Examine associations among weight status, weight perception, and weight management practices of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) participants in Georgia. METHODS: Self-reported weight, height, and weight-related practices were assessed and analyzed in 270 SNAP-Ed participants. RESULTS: Almost three quarters of the sample self-reported overweight or obesity. Among overweight and obese subjects, 39% and 69%, respectively, accurately perceived themselves as overweight...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490133/nano-zno-carboxymethyl-cellulose-based-active-coating-impact-on-ready-to-use-pomegranate-during-cold-storage
#20
Mahmoud Koushesh Saba, Rasoul Amini
Minimally processed pomegranate rapidly loses its overall quality because of high water loss and microbial contamination. Nano-ZnO in combination with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) coating was used on pomegranate arils. Arils were dipped for 4min in distilled water (control), 0.1 or 0.2% (w/v) nano-ZnO suspension and then ZnO treated arils were coated with 0.5% (w/v) CMC and stored for 12days at 4°C. Coatings decreased total yeast+mold during 12days of storage while total mesophilic bacteria was decreased during 6days of storage...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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