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Norio Fukuda, Hirotaka Asato, Kohei Umekawa, Goro Takada, Takeshi Kan, Shoichi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Adhesion occurs as a part of the wound healing process, but it sometimes compromises patients' daily activities. The authors were looking for materials and methods that could prevent adhesion, and noticed that the costal cartilage has possibility. The anti-adhesive property of the costal cartilage was examined histologically. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with microtia who provided consent for participating in this study were enrolled between April 2008 and March 2015...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
A Di Giancamillo, M E Andreis, P Taini, M C Veronesi, M Di Giancamillo, S C Modina
Cartilage canals (CCs) are microscopic structures involved in secondary ossification centers (SOCs) development. The features of CCs were investigated in the humeral and femoral proximal epiphyses of small-sized newborn dogs (from premature to 28 days after birth) with histochemical and immunohistochemical approaches. Masson's Trichrome revealed a ring-shaped area around CCs, which changes in colour from green (immature collagen) to red (mature collagen) as ossification progresses; perichondrium staining always matched the ring colour...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
F Solmaz, D Akduman, M Haksever, E Gündoğdu, M Yanılmaz, A Mescioğlu
Cartilage is one of the most preferable grafts for tympanoplasty (TPL). The anatomical and audiological results and take rates of perichondrium attached cartilage island graft in tympanoplasty (PACIT) are presented herein. One hundred ninety four ears of 191 patients (108 male, 83 female) were evaluated retrospectively in terms of the type of surgery, graft take rate and hearing results. Type I, II, and III TPL were performed in 127 (65.46%), 45 (23.20%), and 22 (11.34%) ears, respectively. The overall mean preoperative pure tone average-air bone gaps (PTA-ABGs) for TPL types were 33...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Owen N Johnson, Theda C Kontis
"Nonsurgical rhinoplasty" refers to the use of injectable temporary fillers used to augment select areas of the nose to achieve improved appearance or function in select patients. Nonpermanent fillers can be used safely and must be properly chosen based on their properties and the desired effect. In addition to proper patient and product selection, a thorough understanding of nasal anatomy, analysis of the deformity, and recommended injection techniques are absolutely necessary to obtain good outcomes and avoid complications...
October 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Herbert Silverstein, Rosemary Ojo, Julie Daugherty, Ronen Nazarian, Jack Wazen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a minimally invasive surgical procedure in patients with severe hyperacusis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal design. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Adult patients with history of severe hyperacusis. INTERVENTION: Using a transcanal approach, the round and oval window was reinforced with temporalis fascia or tragal perichondrium in six subjects (nine ears) and was subdivided into two groups (unilateral or bilateral reinforcement procedure)...
September 23, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Hideaki Suzuki, Hiroki Koizumi, Takuro Kitamura, Takahisa Tabata, Yasuhiro Kise, Koichi Hashida
Myringoplasty is one of the basic procedures in otologic surgery, and is important to achieve good hearing outcome. The temporal fascia is most widely used and considered to be a stable graft in this procedure, although 10-20% of patients develop reperforation after surgery, which is often hard to repair, even by revision surgery. We herein conducted revision myringoplasty using a cartilage graft to repair postoperative reperforation in 7 patients (8 ears) with chronic otitis media. The patients were 3 males and 4 females, aged 13-80 years with an average of 53...
September 2016: Journal of UOEH
Eda Simsek, Ozalkan Ozkan, Cüneyt Kucur, Ayşe Carlıoglu
: The purpose of this study was to assess closure rates in tympanic membrane perforations of various dimensions using the tragal cartilage-perichondrium composite graft and its effect on hearing values and also to present our own experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients presenting to our clinic in 2014-2015 and diagnosed with tympanic membrane perforation were included in the study. Otomicroscopic and otoendoscopic examinations were performed preoperatively and at the 12th month postoperatively...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Maimi Ozeki-Satoh, Aoi Ishikawa, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Tetsuya Takakuwa
We describe the three-dimensional morphogenesis of the middle ear ossicles (MEOs) according to Carnegie stage (CS) in human embryos. Seventeen samples including 33 MEOs from CS18 to 23 were selected from the Kyoto Collection. The primordia of the MEOs and related structures were histologically observed and three-dimensionally reconstructed from digital images. The timing of chondrogenesis was variable among structures. The stapes was recognizable as a vague condensation of the mesenchymal cells in all samples from CS18, whereas the malleus and incus were recognizable at CS19...
October 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Yukihiro Kohara, Satoshi Soeta, Yayoi Izu, Kiyotaka Arai, Hajime Amasaki
In the groove of Ranvier (GOR), osteoblast lineages form bone bark, which develops into endosteal cortical bone. This ossification process is thought to be regulated by the microenvironment in the GOR. Type VI collagen (Col VI), an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein found in the periosteum/perichondrium, mediates osteoblast differentiation via the cell-surface receptor neural/glial antigen 2 (NG2) chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. In order to clarify the function of Col VI during osteoblast differentiation in the GOR, in the present study, we examined the distribution of Col VI and osteoblast lineages expressing NG2 in the rat tibia proximal end during postnatal growing periods by immunohistochemistry...
August 3, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
S Khalilullah, Shankar P Shah, D Yadav, R P Shrivastav, H Bhattarai
BACKGROUND: To assess, analyze and compare the results of graft uptake using Tragal Cartilage-Perichondrium Composite (TCPC) graft with Temporalis Fascia (TF) graft in patients who undergoing surgery for chronic otitis media - squamous type. METHODS: Patients aged 13 years and above with diagnosis of chronic otitis media - squamous type undergoing modified radical mastoidectomy, either primary or revision surgery with grafting of tympanic membrane (TM) and patients undergoing excision of postero-superior retraction pocket (PSRP) were included in this study...
2016: Head & Face Medicine
Hai-Lei Ding, Joan E Hooper, Peter Batzel, B Frank Eames, John H Postlethwait, Kristin B Artinger, David E Clouthier
Defects in mid-facial development, including cleft lip/palate, account for a large number of human birth defects annually. In many cases, aberrant gene expression results in either a reduction in the number of neural crest cells (NCCs) that reach the frontonasal region and form much of the facial skeleton or subsequent failure of NCC patterning and differentiation into bone and cartilage. While loss of gene expression is often associated with developmental defects, aberrant upregulation of expression can also be detrimental...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Sabrina N Pavri, James Clune, Stephan Ariyan, Deepak Narayan
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Discuss the initial management of cutaneous malignant melanoma with regard to diagnostic biopsy and currently accepted resection margins. 2. Be familiar with the management options for melanoma in specific situations such as subungual melanoma, auricular melanoma, and melanoma in the pregnant patient. 3. Discuss the differentiating characteristics of desmoplastic melanoma and its treatment options. 4...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Shambhu Nath Bhattacharya, Sudipta Pal, Somnath Saha, Prasanta Kumar Gure, Anupam Roy
We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to compare outcomes in type I tympanoplasty patients who received an autologous microsliced modified cartilage perichondrium shield graft (cartilage group) and those who received an autologous temporalis muscle fascia graft (fascia group). Our three outcomes measures were (1) anatomic success rates at 3 months, (2) hearing results at 6 months, and (3) rates of morphologic success (i.e., the absence of reperforation, retraction, and graft displacement) at 2 years among those in each group who had an intact graft at 3 months...
July 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Sang Yoon Kim, Samina Park, Eung Rae Kim, In Kyu Park, Young Tae Kim, Chang Hyun Kang
Pectus arcuatum is a rare complex chest wall deformity. A 31-year-old female presented with a severely protruding upper sternum combined with a concave lower sternum. We planned a modified Ravitch-type operation. Through vertical mid-sternal incision, chondrectomies were performed from the second to fifth costal cartilages, saving the perichondrium. Horizontal osteotomy was performed in a wedge shape on the most protruding point, and followed by an additional partial osteotomy at the most concaved point. The harvested wedge-shape bone fragments were minced and re-implanted to the latter osteotomy site...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Jun Ho Lee, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hae Sang Park, Ju Yeon Jeong, Yeung Kyu Yeon, Vijay Kumar, Sung Hee Bae, Jung Min Lee, Bo Mi Moon, Chan Hum Park
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Silk fibroin patching has been used to repair acute tympanic membrane perforations. Here, we describe the advantages and outcomes of this technique for chronic tympanic membrane perforations. STUDY DESIGN: Individual cohort study. METHODS: Forty patients were enrolled; half underwent perichondrium myringoplasty, and the silk fibroin patch technique was applied in the remaining patients. We compared the closure, otorrhea, and complication rates; closure time; postoperative hearing gain; and patient satisfaction between the two groups...
June 13, 2016: Laryngoscope
Stephen R Bond, John Abramyan, Kathy Fu, Christian C Naus, Joy M Richman
BACKGROUND: Pannexin 3 (PANX3) is a channel-forming protein capable of stimulating osteogenesis in vitro. Here, we studied the in vivo roles of PANX3 in the chicken embryo using the RCAS retroviral system to over-express and knockdown expression during endochondral bone formation. RESULTS: In the limbs, PANX3 RNA was first detected in the cartilage condensations and became restricted to the prehypertrophic cartilage of the epiphyses, diaphysis, and perichondrium...
September 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Min Li, Hui Cai, Ya Yang, Jia Zhang, Kai Sun, Yan Yan, Hangying Qu, Weiwei Wang, Jiansheng Wang, Xiaoyi Duan
In recent years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which possess the ability to specifically home to tumor sites, with the potential of multi-directional differentiation and low immunogenicity, have been reported to inhibit the growth of various types of tumors. In the present study, we isolated MSCs from the rib perichondrium (PMSCs). By comparing PMSCs with bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), we demonstrated that PMSCs present biological characteristics similar to those of BMSCs. Furthermore, we explored the effect and antitumor mechanism of PMSCs in rat SHZ-88 breast cancer cells...
August 2016: Oncology Reports
Ahmad Daneshi, Hesam Jahandide, Ali Daneshvar, Mahdi Safdarian
INTRODUCTION: Same-day closure of bilateral tympanic membrane perforations is a quick and more comfortable procedure for the patients. However, conventional bilateral same-day tympanoplasty or myringoplasty has been rarely performed because of the theoretical risk of postoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the advantages and outcomes of bilateral simultaneous endoscopic cartilage tympanoplasty in patients with bilateral tympanic membrane perforations...
May 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Andreas Finnøy, Kristin Olstad, Magnus B Lilledahl
PURPOSE: The articular-epiphyseal cartilage complex (AECC) is responsible for the expansion of the bone ends and serves the function of the articular cartilage in juvenile mammals. Bundles of collagen fibrils surrounding cells were in the literature observed more frequently near the articular surface of the AECC. The articular surface, the perichondrium, and cartilage canals are interfaces where appositional growth of the AECC has been demonstrated. The current study aimed to evaluate the potential of second harmonic generation (SHG) to locate the collagen fibril bundles near the articular surface and to examine whether a comparable collagen fibril organization could be observed near the other interfaces of the AECC...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Christa Maes
Endochondral ossification, the mechanism responsible for the development of the long bones, is dependent on an extremely stringent coordination between the processes of chondrocyte maturation in the growth plate, vascular expansion in the surrounding tissues, and osteoblast differentiation and osteogenesis in the perichondrium and the developing bone center. The synchronization of these processes occurring in adjacent tissues is regulated through vigorous crosstalk between chondrocytes, endothelial cells and osteoblast lineage cells...
May 12, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
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