keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bariatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643062/loss-of-medicaid-insurance-after-successful-bariatric-surgery-an-unintended-outcome
#1
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Irving L Kron, Bruce Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to dramatic weight loss and improved overall health, which may affect insurance status for certain patients. Traditional Medicaid provides coverage for children, pregnant women, and disabled adults, while expanded Medicaid provides insurance coverage to all adults with incomes up to 138% of the federal poverty level. We hypothesized that successful bariatric surgery would lead to improved health status but an unintended loss of Medicaid coverage. METHODS: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single institution in a non-expansion state from 1985 through 2015 were identified using a prospectively collected database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643025/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-obese-women-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Wenqing Lian, Yiqun Zheng, Hongxing Huang, Lianghua Chen, Bin Cao
PURPOSE: Obesity is an established risk factor for pelvic floor disorders (PFD) but the effects of bariatric surgery on PFD are uncertain. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of bariatric surgery on PFD in obese women. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI and CBM databases up to October 2016 was performed, and studies reporting pre-operative and post-operative outcomes in obese women undergoing bariatric surgery were included...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641031/treatment-options-for-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-a-safety-evaluation
#3
Danny Issa, Julia Wattacheril, Arun J Sanyal
Introduction There is an urgent as yet unmet need to develop highly effective and safe therapeutics for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The remarkable progress in understanding NAFLD pathogenesis allowed the identification of injury pathways which may be recruited as therapy targets. Areas covered This article reviews the safety and tolerability data of the NAFLD therapies and explains the mechanistic basis for each of the established and investigational drugs. Treatment targets include: weight loss, anti-metabolic agents such as lipid lowering and anti-diabetic drugs, inflammation, fibrosis and others such as targeting gut microbiota, immune modulation and apoptosis...
June 22, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640442/endocrine-function-after-bariatric-surgery
#4
Ki-Suk Kim, Darleen A Sandoval
Obesity increases the risks of metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is the most successful therapeutic option that causes sustained weight loss and improvements in obesity comorbidities. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) are two of the most frequently performed bariatric surgeries. Despite their different anatomical rearrangement, they have remarkably similar success in both weight loss and T2DM remission. Interestingly, they also both cause a wide range of endocrine changes...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#5
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637274/association-of-bariatric-surgery-with-risk-of-infectious-diseases-a-self-controlled-case-series-analysis
#6
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
Background: Although emerging data demonstrate that obesity is a risk factor for infectious diseases, no study has investigated the relationship of bariatric surgery with the risk of infectious diseases among obese adults. Methods: We conducted a self-controlled case series analysis using data from the State Emergency Department Database and State Inpatient Database of three US states (California, Florida, and Nebraska) from 2005 through 2011. We included obese adults who underwent bariatric surgery as an instrument of weight reduction...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636832/nutrient-deficiencies-are-common-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#7
Leigh A Frame-Peterson, Robin D Megill, Suzanne Carobrese, Michael Schweitzer
Obesity, defined as a body mass index >30 kg/m(2), is a growing worldwide epidemic currently effecting 1 in 10 adults, with rates as high as 40% in the United States. The only proven long-term treatment of severe obesity on a population level is surgical modification of the gastrointestinal anatomy to induce weight loss, termed bariatric surgery. With adequate physician guidance and appropriate candidate criteria, bariatric surgery is an option for effective long-term treatment of obesity and its related comorbidities...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636722/incentive-spirometry-after-bariatric-surgery-the-importance-of-patient-compliance
#8
Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Jonathan Schoen, Marcos F Vidal Melo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636696/incentive-spirometry-after-bariatric-surgery-reply
#9
Haddon Pantel, Thomas Schnelldorfer, Dmitry Nepomnayshy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#10
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634364/lipid-changes-8-years-post-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-fabs-5-study
#11
Amy S Shah, Todd Jenkins, Zhiqian Gao, Stephen R Daniels, Elaine M Urbina, Shelley Kirk, Robert Siegel, Thomas H Inge
OBJECTIVE: Severe obesity in adolescents is increasing and few effective treatments exist. Bariatric surgery is one option, but the extent to which surgery influences cardiovascular risk factors over time in youth is not clear. We hypothesized that Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) would be associated with sustained improvements in lipids over time (>5 years). PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: Youth who underwent RYGB from 2001-2007 were recruited for the Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery-5+ (FABS-5+) in 2011-2014...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633561/regulation-of-energy-homeostasis-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#12
Martin L Yarmush, Matthew D'Alessandro, Nima Saeidi
The obesity epidemic continues to escalate each year in the United States more than anywhere else in the world. The existing pharmaceutical and other nonsurgical treatments for morbid obesity produce suboptimal physiologic outcomes compared with those of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. RYGB has been the gold standard of bariatric surgery because the beneficial long-term outcomes, which include sustainable weight loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) resolution, are far superior to those obtained with other bariatric surgeries...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631148/early-postoperative-imaging-after-non-bariatric-gastric-resection-a-primer-for-radiologists
#13
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Bracchi
Surgical resection represents the mainstay treatment and only potentially curative option for gastric carcinoma, and is increasingly performed laparoscopically. Furthermore, other tumours and selected cases of non-malignant disorders of the stomach may require partial or total gastrectomy. Often performed in elderly patients, gastric resection remains a challenging procedure, with significant morbidity (14-43% complication rate) and non-negligible postoperative mortality (approximately 3%). This paper provides an overview of contemporary surgical techniques for non-bariatric gastric resection, reviews and illustrates the expected postoperative imaging appearances, common and unusual complications after partial and total gastrectomy...
June 19, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629729/a-multicenter-study-of-routine-versus-selective-intraoperative-leak-testing-for-sleeve-gastrectomy
#14
Jason Bingham, Jedediah Kaufman, Kai Hata, James Dickerson, Alec Beekley, Gordon Wisbach, Jacob Swann, Eric Ahnfeldt, Devon Hawkins, Yong Choi, Robert Lim, Matthew Martin
BACKGROUND: Staple line leaks after sleeve gastrectomy are dreaded complications. Many surgeons routinely perform an intraoperative leak test (IOLT) despite little evidence to validate the reliability, clinical benefit, and safety of this procedure. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of IOLT and if routine use has any benefit over selective use. SETTING: Eight teaching hospitals, including private, university, and military facilities. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective analysis over a 5-year period...
May 25, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628112/gut-microbiome-and-serum-metabolome-alterations-in-obesity-and-after-weight-loss-intervention
#15
Ruixin Liu, Jie Hong, Xiaoqiang Xu, Qiang Feng, Dongya Zhang, Yanyun Gu, Juan Shi, Shaoqian Zhao, Wen Liu, Xiaokai Wang, Huihua Xia, Zhipeng Liu, Bin Cui, Peiwen Liang, Liuqing Xi, Jiabin Jin, Xiayang Ying, Xiaolin Wang, Xinjie Zhao, Wanyu Li, Huijue Jia, Zhou Lan, Fengyu Li, Rui Wang, Yingkai Sun, Minglan Yang, Yuxin Shen, Zhuye Jie, Junhua Li, Xiaomin Chen, Huanzi Zhong, Hailiang Xie, Yifei Zhang, Weiqiong Gu, Xiaxing Deng, Baiyong Shen, Xun Xu, Huanming Yang, Guowang Xu, Yufang Bi, Shenghan Lai, Jian Wang, Lu Qi, Lise Madsen, Jiqiu Wang, Guang Ning, Karsten Kristiansen, Weiqing Wang
Emerging evidence has linked the gut microbiome to human obesity. We performed a metagenome-wide association study and serum metabolomics profiling in a cohort of lean and obese, young, Chinese individuals. We identified obesity-associated gut microbial species linked to changes in circulating metabolites. The abundance of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a glutamate-fermenting commensal, was markedly decreased in obese individuals and was inversely correlated with serum glutamate concentration. Consistently, gavage with B...
June 19, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625707/-algorithms-based-on-medico-administrative-data-in-the-field-of-endocrine-nutritional-and-metabolic-diseases-especially-diabetes
#16
S Fosse-Edorh, A Rigou, S Morin, L Fezeu, L Mandereau-Bruno, A Fagot-Campagna
BACKGROUND: Medico-administrative databases represent a very interesting source of information in the field of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases. The objective of this article is to describe the early works of the Redsiam working group in this field. METHODS: Algorithms developed in France in the field of diabetes, the treatment of dyslipidemia, precocious puberty, and bariatric surgery based on the National Inter-schema Information System on Health Insurance (SNIIRAM) data were identified and described...
June 15, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625496/can-we-get-faculty-interviewers-on-the-same-page-an-examination-of-a-structured-interview-course-for-surgeons
#17
Aimee K Gardner, Brenna C D'Onofrio, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Guidance on how to train faculty to conduct structured interviews and implement them into current screening processes is lacking. The goal of this study is to describe a structured interview training program designed specifically for surgeons and examine its effectiveness. METHODS: Faculty involved in advanced surgical fellowship interviews completed a 20-item knowledge assessment and video-based applicant interview ratings before taking a half-day course on conducting structured interviews...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625002/changes-in-dietary-intake-and-eating-behavior-in-adolescents-after-bariatric-surgery-an-ancillary-study-to-the-teen-labs-consortium
#18
David B Sarwer, Rebecca J Dilks, Jacqueline C Spitzer, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden, Renee H Moore, Jesse L Chittams, Mary L Brandt, Mike K Chen, Anita P Courcoulas, Carroll M Harmon, Michael A Helmrath, Marc P Michalsky, Stavra A Xanthakos, Meg H Zeller, Todd M Jenkins, Thomas H Inge
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies suggest that bariatric surgery is safe and effective for adolescents with severe obesity. However, surprisingly little is known about changes in dietary intake and eating behavior of adolescents who undergo bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: Investigate changes in dietary intake and eating behavior of adolescents with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery (n = 119) or lifestyle modification (LM) (n = 169). SETTING: University-based health systems METHODS: A prospective investigation of 288 participants (219 female and 69 male) prior to bariatric surgery or LM and again 6, 12, and 24 months (surgery patients only) after treatment...
June 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624532/prospectively-validated-preoperative-prediction-of-weight-and-co-morbidity-resolution-in-individual-patients-comparing-five-bariatric-operations
#19
EDITORIAL
Priscila R Armijo, Dmitry Oleynikov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624531/the-short-to-mid-term-symptom-prevalence-of-dumping-syndrome-after-primary-gastric-bypass-surgery-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#20
Marloes Emous, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Eric Totté, André P van Beek
BACKGROUND: Early and late dumping are complications of gastric bypass surgery. Early dumping occurs within an hour after eating, when the emptying of food into the small intestine triggers rapid fluid shifts into the intestinal lumen and the release of gastrointestinal hormones, resulting in gastrointestinal and vasomotor symptoms. Late dumping occurs between 1 and 3 hours after carbohydrate ingestion and is caused by an exaggerated insulin release, resulting in hypoglycemia. Almost no data are currently available on the prevalence of early and late dumping or their impact on health-related quality of life (QoL)...
April 28, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
7267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"