keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bariatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534189/national-trends-in-bariatric-surgery-2012-2015-demographics-procedure-selection-readmissions-and-cost
#1
Scott Kizy, Cyrus Jahansouz, Michael C Downey, Nathanael Hevelone, Sayeed Ikramuddin, Daniel Leslie
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is widely accepted as the best treatment for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and the sleeve gastrectomy (SG) have become the predominant bariatric procedures in the USA over the last several years, although the most recent trends in selection are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess selection trends, readmission rates, and cost of bariatric procedures in the USA from 2012 to 2015...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534188/outcomes-of-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-in-472-diabetic-patients
#2
Osama Taha, Mahmoud Abdelaal, Mohamed Abozeid, Awny Askalany, Mohamed Alaa
BACKGROUND: The positive impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on metabolic syndrome and glycemic control has been proven in obese patients. One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is a simple, effective and easy to learn procedure. OAGB provides encouraging results for the treatment of diabetes obese patients, but does it have the ability to be an alternative procedure to RYGB in the treatment of these patients? The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of OAGB on diabetic obese patients at the bariatric centre of our university hospital...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533070/maternal-and-paternal-periconceptional-nutrition-as-an-indicator-of-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-later-life-through-epigenetic-imprinting-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ashley R Dunford, Janice M Sangster
AIMS: This review examined whether maternal and paternal periconceptional nutrition effects an offspring's likelihood of developing chronic metabolic related conditions due to epigenetic imprinting. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in multiple science databases and limited to studies published after 2012, in English language and peer reviewed. The data from selected articles were extracted and a qualitative approach was employed due to heterogeneity of results...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533020/the-role-of-pyy-in-pancreatic-islet-physiology-and-surgical-control-of-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Claudia Guida, Sam Stephen, Romain Guitton, Reshma D Ramracheya
Bariatric surgery in obese individuals leads to rapid and lasting remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D). This phenomenon occurs independently of weight loss possibly via a combination of factors. The incretin hormone GLP-1 has so far been recognised as a critical factor. However, recent data have indicated that elevation in another gut hormone, peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY), may drive the beneficial effects of surgery. Here we discuss recent findings on PYY-mediated control of glucose homeostasis and its role in diabetes, in the context of what is known for GLP-1...
May 19, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532499/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-laparoscopic-mini-gastric-bypass-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Marko Kraljević, Tarik Delko, Thomas Köstler, Elena Osto, Thomas Lutz, Sarah Thommen, Raoul A Droeser, Lincoln Rothwell, Daniel Oertli, Urs Zingg
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is considered the gold standard in bariatric surgery, achieving durable long-term weight loss with improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. Lately, the laparoscopic mini gastric bypass (LMGB) has gained worldwide popularity with similar results to LRYGB in terms of weight loss and comorbidity resolution. However, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing LMGB and LRYGB. This article describes the design and protocol of a randomized controlled trial comparing the outcomes of these two bariatric procedures...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531623/metabolic-deficiencies-after-a-restrictive-bariatric-operation
#7
Nikolaos Kochylas, Michalis Tsimaras, Vasiliki Ziozia, Basilios Tsagkalidis, Dimitrios Lapatsanis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531615/changes-in-body-composition-and-basic-metabolic-rate-bmr-following-bariatric-surgery
#8
Magda Sotirxou, Athanasios Migdanis, Ioannis Migdanis, Maria Kanaki, Giorgos Koukoulis, Andreas Alexandrou, Theodoros Diamantis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530892/which-bowel-preparation-should-be-used-for-colonoscopy-in-patients-who-have-had-bariatric-surgery
#9
Zubin Arora, Gursimran Kochhar, Bo Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530876/research-continuous-surveillance-of-sleep-apnea-patients-in-a-medical-surgical-unit
#10
Dana Supe, Leah Baron, Tom Decker, Kyle Parker, Jeanne Venella, Sarah Williams, Kari Beaton, John Zaleski
This report consists of two separate studies on the use of continuous capnography monitoring conducted in an effort to improve patient safety at Virtua Health System. The desire for improved patient safety is motivating continuous monitoring and improved surveillance in clinical areas not traditionally equipped for such monitoring. We explored the use of remote monitoring of capnography, using enterprise middleware, in patients recovering from surgery in a medical-surgical unit. Continuous monitoring traditionally has been used in higher-acuity settings, such as intensive care units...
May 2017: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530381/diabetes-update-risk-factors-screening-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#11
Beth Choby
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the result of insulin resistance. Significant differences are noted in the prevalence of T2D among races. Screening recommendations vary by subspecialty society. Asian Americans should be screened for T2D at a lower body mass index (BMI) (ie, 23 kg/m(2)) than other racial groups. Risk factors for T2D include high-risk ethnicity, obesity, taking of certain drugs (including statins), and gestational diabetes. Health disparities and genetics also influence risk of T2D, although these complexities continue to be poorly understood...
May 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530311/-adjustments-in-the-oral-drug-treatment-of-bariatric-patients
#12
Ilanit Mahler, Danny Roder
Bariatric surgery continues to be a durable therapeutic option for a growing number of obese patients. The patients that are admitted to our hospital for elective bariatric procedures often suffer from multiple co-morbidities and are therefore treated with a significant number of chronic medications. These operations lead to drastic modifications of the anatomy and physiology of the gastro-intestinal tract that may change the pharmacokinetics of drugs. In addition, the natural post-operative course of a bariatric procedure may lead to amelioration or even resolution of some of the obesity-related chronic diseases, consequently eliminating the need for drug therapy...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530310/-drug-therapy-following-bariatric-surgery-examination-of-potential-impact-and-clinical-recommendations
#13
REVIEW
Carmil Azran, Arik Dahan
Bariatric surgery is the most effective solution for morbid obesity, and the number of patients undergoing bariatric surgery is rapidly and constantly growing. The modified gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy of the patient may lead to significant pharmacokinetic alterations in the oral absorption of drugs after surgery. However, due to insufficient available literature and inadequate awareness of the medical team, bariatric surgery patients may be discharged from the hospital with insufficient instructions regarding their medication therapy...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529179/mitochondria-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-targets-for-a-better-insulin-sensitivity-in-skeletal-muscle
#14
REVIEW
Alexis Boulinguiez, Bart Staels, Helene Duez, Steve Lancel
Obesity and its associated metabolic disorders represent a major health burden, with economic and social consequences. Although adapted lifestyle and bariatric surgery are effective in reducing body weight, obesity prevalence is still rising. Obese individuals often become insulin-resistant. Obesity impacts on insulin responsive organs, such as the liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, and increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and cancer. In this review, we discuss the effects of obesity and insulin resistance on skeletal muscle, an important organ for the control of postprandial glucose...
May 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528269/bariatric-surgery-for-the-obese-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-the-case-for
#15
Anya Adair
The incidence of obesity is rising exponentially. This is having a direct impact on liver transplantation due to an increase in NAFLD disease and numbers of overweight and obese patients requiring transplantation. There is now evidence suggesting that obesity has a negative impact on both graft and patient survival. There remains an imbalance between number of donors available and patients requiring transplantation. We therefore need to ensure we make the best use of the organs available, optimizing graft and patient survival in those fortunate enough to receive an organ...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528115/alcohol-and-other-substance-use-after-bariatric-surgery-prospective-evidence-from-a-u-s-multicenter-cohort-study
#16
Wendy C King, Jia-Yuh Chen, Anita P Courcoulas, Gregory F Dakin, Scott G Engel, David R Flum, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Melissa A Kalarchian, Samer G Mattar, James E Mitchell, Alfons Pomp, Walter J Pories, Kristine J Steffen, Gretchen E White, Bruce M Wolfe, Susan Z Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence suggests Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) increases risk of developing alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, prospective assessment of substance use disorders (SUD) after bariatric surgery is limited. OBJECTIVE: To report SUD-related outcomes after RYGB and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). To identify factors associated with incident SUD-related outcomes. SETTING: 10 U.S. hospitals METHODS: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 is a prospective cohort study...
March 31, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527676/lactobacillus-salivarius-infection-as-a-postoperative-complication-after-bariatric-surgery
#17
Rafael García Carretero, Marta Regodon Dominguez, Mario Ruiz Bastian, Marta Lopez Lomba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#19
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
May 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
keyword
keyword
7267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"