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cervical cancer AND pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095502/obstetric-outcomes-after-conservative-treatment-for-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-early-invasive-disease
#1
REVIEW
Maria Kyrgiou, Antonios Athanasiou, Ilkka E J Kalliala, Maria Paraskevaidi, Anita Mitra, Pierre Pl Martin-Hirsch, Marc Arbyn, Phillip Bennett, Evangelos Paraskevaidis
BACKGROUND: The mean age of women undergoing local treatment for pre-invasive cervical disease (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia; CIN) or early cervical cancer (stage IA1) is around their 30s and similar to the age of women having their first child. Local cervical treatment has been correlated to adverse reproductive morbidity in a subsequent pregnancy, however, published studies and meta-analyses have reached contradictory conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of local cervical treatment for CIN and early cervical cancer on obstetric outcomes (after 24 weeks of gestation) and to correlate these to the cone depth and comparison group used...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081673/a-3-year-retrospective-review-of-mortality-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#2
Ngozi C Orazulike, Justina O Alegbeleye, Christopher C Obiorah, Tamunomie K Nyengidiki, Samuel A Uzoigwe
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of death and associated risk factors among women of reproductive age (WRA) in a tertiary institution in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective survey of all deaths in women aged 15-49 years at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital that occurred from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. Data retrieved from ward registers, death registers, and death certificates were analyzed with Epi Info version 7...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075382/mobile-application-use-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#3
Rachel Perry, Roshan M Burns, Rebecca Simon, Julie Youm
BACKGROUND : Mobile applications (apps) are increasingly used in clinical settings, particularly among resident physicians. Apps available to patients and physicians are rapidly expanding. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents' use of and attitudes toward ob-gyn-related mobile apps. METHODS : We conducted a cross-sectional survey of residents at all 19 California ob-gyn programs using a web-based questionnaire...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038177/cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-participation-and-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-a-cross-sectional-study-among-immigrant-women-in-southern-italy
#4
Aida Bianco, Elisabetta Larosa, Claudia Pileggi, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: Women make up approximately half of the world's one billion migrants. Immigrant women tend to be one of the most vulnerable population groups with respect to healthcare. Cancer screening (CS) and maternal and reproductive health have been included among the 10 main issues pertinent to women's health. The aim of this study is to explore breast and cervical CS participation and to acquire information regarding access to healthcare services during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period among age eligible immigrant women in Southern Italy...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954503/place-of-residence-does-not-significantly-influence-radiological-morphology-of-cervical-cancer
#5
Franciszek Burdan, Agnieszka Mocarska, Robert Klepacz, Jerzy Walocha, Tomasz Kubiatowski, Dariusz Surdyka, Dariusz Kieszko, Krzysztof Patyra, Iwonna Żelzowska-Cieślińska, Elżbieta Starosławska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Cervical squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies of women. Its incidence and morphology was analyzed based on the magnetic resonance (MR) data among rural and urban residents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 61 Caucasian women (58.26±9.63 years) preliminary diagnosed with a cervical cancer without any previous treatment. Standard MR examination, including diffusion weighted imagining, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value measurement and dynamic contrast enhancement, was performed...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953123/should-the-risk-of-invasive-cancer-in-pregnancy-and-the-safety-of-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure-during-the-first-15-weeks-change-our-practice
#6
Efraim Siegler, Ofer Lavie, Amnon Amit, Zvi Vaknin, Ron Auslander, Zeev Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to describe the outcome of women diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grades 2 or 3 in pregnancy either observed or treated by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) in the first 15 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Loop electrosurgical excision procedure during the first 15 gestational weeks compared with observation of CIN2/3. This is a retrospective analysis of a nonrandomized study at tertiary, academic, and referring centers in Israel...
October 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952289/cytology-based-screening-during-antenatal-care-as-a-method-for-preventing-cervical-cancer
#7
Paula Bruno Monteiro, Marcelo Praxedes Monteiro Filho, Jéssica Teixeira de Figueirêdo, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Zenilda Vieira Bruno, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most serious threats to women’s lives. Therefore, the present study aimed to know the dynamics in the collection of cytologic samples during antenatal care as a method of cervical cancer screening and to identify the factors associated with its performance. Material and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study carried out with pregnant and postpartum women in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. Data were collected using a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic variables, antenatal care, pregnancy and cytology-based screening for cervical cancer during antenatal care...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932735/attitude-to-human-papillomavirus-deoxyribonucleic-acid-based-cervical-cancer-screening-in-antenatal-care-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#8
Temitope E Filade, Eileen O Dareng, Toyosi Olawande, Tolani A Fagbohun, Amos O Adebayo, Clement A Adebamowo
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based testing is increasingly used for cervical cancer screening in developed countries, but the best approach to utilizing it in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is unclear. Incorporation of HPV DNA-based testing into routine antenatal care (ANC) is a potential yet poorly explored strategy for cervical cancer screening in LMIC. We explored the attitude of health care workers and pregnant women to the incorporation of HPV DNA-based tests into routine ANC in Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889772/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-data-linkage-study
#9
Judith Helen Ford, Ming Li, Wendy Scheil, David Roder
OBJECTIVE: Using unbiased population data, to examine whether having a positive Pap smear, and thus a high probability of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, is a significant risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Two independent population-based databases, namely the South Australian Perinatal Statistics Collection and the South Australian Cervical Screening Database, were deidentified and linked by the SANT Datalinkage Service...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881394/the-effect-of-vaccination-against-human-papillomavirus-on-fecundability
#10
Kathryn A McInerney, Elizabeth E Hatch, Amelia K Wesselink, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Kenneth J Rothman, Rebecca B Perkins, Lauren A Wise
BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was developed to prevent infection with strains of HPV that cause cervical cancer. While HPV infection has been associated with reduced semen quality and lower pregnancy rates in some studies, no studies have examined the relationship between HPV vaccination and fecundability. We hypothesize that HPV prevention via vaccination will protect fecundity. METHODS: We analysed data from Pregnancy Study Online (PRESTO), a preconception cohort of North American pregnancy planners...
November 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866956/youth-experiences-in-accessing-sexual-healthcare-services-in-vietnam
#11
Anh Hoang, Chinh Quoc Nguyen, Cong Dinh Duong
Poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes among youth are reflective of the many barriers members of this group face in accessing health services. This study provides an in-depth account of the unique challenges that young people face in accessing sexual healthcare services in Vietnam. We surveyed 130 men and women aged 18-24 years at two major reproductive health sites in Ho Chi Minh City. We identified and explored seven domains: health insurance status, modern contraception use, HIV/STI testing, cervical cancer screening, unintended pregnancy, reproductive coercion and the patient-provider relationship...
September 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836277/the-risk-of-preterm-birth-and-growth-restriction-in-pregnancy-after-cancer
#12
Kathleen P Hartnett, Kevin C Ward, Michael R Kramer, Timothy L Lash, Ann C Mertens, Jessica B Spencer, Amy Fothergill, Penelope P Howards
It is unclear whether cancer and its treatments increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Our aim was to examine whether cancer survivors have higher risks of poor outcomes in pregnancies conceived after diagnosis than women without cancer, and whether these risks differ by cancer type and race. Diagnoses from cancer registries were linked to pregnancy outcomes from birth certificates in three U.S. states. Analyses were limited to the first, live singleton birth conceived after diagnosis. Births to women without a previous cancer diagnosis in the registry were matched to cancer survivors on age at delivery, parity, race/ethnicity and education...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754175/case-report-term-birth-after-fertility-sparing-treatments-for-stage-ib1-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#13
Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai, Yu-Fang Huang
BACKGROUND: Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing to the aggressive nature of the disease, even in early stage disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old nulligravida woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge and was diagnosed to have an exophytic cervical SCNEC. A magnetic resonance image scan showed no evidence of parametrial invasion or distant metastasis...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639240/approach-to-thyroid-carcinoma-in-pregnancy
#14
Cristina Modesti, Paola Aceto, Lucia Masini, Celestino Pio Lombardi, Rocco Bellantone, Liliana Sollazzi
Thyroid carcinoma is the first cancer found in general population and the second diagnosed during pregnancy following the breast one. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to thyroid malignancy in pregnant women pose several and serious issues to the physicians. Even if there is no consensus about the surgical treatment of thyroid carcinomas during pregnancy, a large number of women undergo surgery over the world. The best surgical and anesthesiological treatment should be chosen after reaching a consensus between surgeons, anesthesiologists, obstetrics, and the patients...
June 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584635/interactions-between-polymorphisms-in-the-3-untranslated-region-of-the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-6-gene-and-the-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-risk-of-cervical-precancerous-lesions
#15
Xingguang Ye, Lipeng Jing, Xingming Zhong, Di Xiao, Meiling Ou, Congcong Guo, Guang Yang, Chunxia Jing, Xiangcai Wei
The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is essential for the development of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. However, only certain persistently infected individuals develop cervical cancer. Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) is a critical regulatory cancer-associated gene in the cell cycle and in tumorigenesis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNA sites in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of target genes may result in target gene expression level changes and susceptibility to diseases, including cancer...
June 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498240/simple-vaginal-trachelectomy-a-valuable-fertility-preserving-option-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#16
Marie Plante, Marie-Claude Renaud, Alexandra Sebastianelli, Jean Gregoire
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy is a valid alternative for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer in young women who wish to preserve fertility potential. Recent data indicate that even less radical surgery could be performed in low-risk cases. The objective of our study was to evaluate the safety of simple vaginal trachelectomy and node assessment in patients with low-risk, early-stage cervical cancer (<2 cm). METHODS: From May 2007 to July 2016, 35 women underwent a simple vaginal trachelectomy with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node mapping + pelvic node dissection...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483662/the-management-of-polyps-in-female-reproductive-organs
#17
REVIEW
Vasilios Tanos, Kelsey Elizabeth Berry, Jaana Seikkula, Elissa Abi Raad, Andreas Stavroulis, Zaki Sleiman, Rudi Campo, Stephan Gordts
Polyps of the lower reproductive tract are found in 7.8-50% of women. It has been hypothesized that cytogenetic modifications on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12 as well as epigenetic factors involving enzyme and metabolic activities may cause polyps to develop. Cervical polyps found in 2-5% of cases are of low clinical significance and can cause, although rarely, post coital bleedings. Cervical polyps grow during pregnancy and mucorrhoea. Trans vaginal ultrasound (TVU) provides an excellent diagnostic technique to diagnose the size and the anatomic location of endometrial polyps (EPs)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481445/optimising-fertility-outcomes-for-women-with-early-stage-cervical-cancer-when-less-is-more
#18
E Tingi, E J Crosbie, G Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481433/can-we-prevent-preterm-birth-after-radical-trachelectomy
#19
M Kyrgiou, P Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469121/the-prevalence-and-course-of-preinvasive-cervical-lesions-during-pregnancy-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#20
Fadimatu Bakari, Muhammad A Abdul, Saad A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: In spite of knowledge of the causes and prevention of cervical cancer, screening programs for cervical cancer have not yet been fully implemented in most developing countries including Nigeria. Documented data on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnancy are scarce in our environment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and course of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria, Northern Nigeria Study Design: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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