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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146352/anti-inflammatory-properties-of-edible-mushrooms-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Bożena Muszyńska, Agata Grzywacz-Kisielewska, Katarzyna Kała, Joanna Gdula-Argasińska
Mushrooms have been used extensively, owing to their nutritional and medicinal value, for thousands of years. Modern research confirms the therapeutic effect of traditionally used species. Inflammation is a natural response of the immune system to damaging factors, e.g. physical, chemical and pathogenic. Deficiencies of antioxidants, vitamins, and microelements, as well as physiological processes, such as aging, can affect the body's ability to resolve inflammation. Mushrooms are rich in anti-inflammatory components, such as polysaccharides, phenolic and indolic compounds, mycosteroids, fatty acids, carotenoids, vitamins, and biometals...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142432/inhibition-of-glycation-induced-cytotoxicity-protein-glycation-and-activity-of-proteolytic-enzymes-by-extract-from-perovskia-atriplicifolia-roots
#2
Mehran Miroliaei, Akram Aminjafari, Sylwester Ślusarczyk, Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Adam Matkowski
Background: Protein glycation and glycotoxicity belong to the main oxidative-stress related complications in diabetes. Perovskia species are used in Asian folk medicine as antidiabetic herbs. Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the ability of the methanolic extract from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth. roots to diminish glycation of albumin and to prevent cell damage in vitro. Furthermore, we tested the extract for in vitro antioxidant activity and inhibition of elastase and collagenase...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132427/risk-of-falling-among-hospitalized-patients-with-high-modified-morse-scores-could-be-further-stratified
#3
Irina Gringauz, Yael Shemesh, Amir Dagan, Irina Israelov, Dana Feldman, Naama Pelz-Sinvani, Dan Justo, Gad Segal
BACKGROUND: Falls during hospitalization harbor both clinical and financial outcomes. The modified Morse fall scale [MMFS] is widely used for an in-hospital risk-of-fall assessment. Nevertheless, the majority of patients at risk of falling, i.e. with high MMFS, do not fall. The aim of this study was to ascertain our study hypothesis that certain patients' characteristics (e.g. serum electrolytes, usage of a walking device etc.) could further stratify the risk of falls among hospitalized patients with MMFS...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129902/quantification-of-fraglide-1-a-new-functional-ingredient-in-vinegars
#4
Aydan H Yatmaz, Tetsuaki Kinoshita, Akio Miyazato, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshio Tsujino, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh
Vinegar is a widely used condiment in the world, and is produced from ethanol by acetic acid fermentation. Different fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wines can be used as ingredients for vinegar production. It is known that vinegar has many nutrient components such as organic acids, polyphenols, and aromatic compounds. Because of these bioactive components, it has many health benefits. China has a long history of producing vinegar and has been using it for health products and as medicine. Chinese aromatic Zhenjiang vinegar (Kozu) is produced from sticky rice...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#5
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113024/neuroprotective-effects-of-butanol-fraction-of-cordyceps-cicadae-on-glutamate-induced-damage-in-pc12-cells-involving-oxidative-toxicity
#6
Dan Wang, Jibiao Wang, Dujun Wang, Xiaofeng Yu, Opeyemi Joshua Olatunji, Zhen Ouyang, Yuan Wei
The current study was aimed at investigating the neuroprotective effects of the butanol fraction from C. cicadae (CBU ), which was responsible for the anti-aging effect of this medicine. Glutamate-induced PC12 cells were used as a model to determine the neuroprotective effect against oxidative cell death. Cell viability, cytotoxicity, flow cytometry, mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were analyzed to assess neuronal cell survival or death...
November 7, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102461/effect-of-swarna-jibanti-coelogyne-cristata-lindley-in-alleviation-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-in-aged-wistar-rats
#7
Achintya Mitra, Tapas Kumar Sur, Sachhidananda Upadhyay, Dipankar Bhattacharyya, Jayram Hazra
BACKGROUND: Swarna Jibanti scientifically known as Coelogyne cristata Lindley (Orchidaceae), an orchid mentioned in Ayurvedic medicine is used to promote healthy life span. OBJECTIVE: The present work was planned to study the efficacy of hydro-alcoholic extract of pseudobulbs of C.cristata (CCE) to assess its role on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) induced behavioural and biochemical changes in aged Wistar rats compared to Panax ginseng (PG), a prototype anti-stress agent...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100936/characteristics-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-usage-and-its-effect-on-survival-of-lung-cancer-patients-in-taiwan
#8
Te-Mao Li, Yang-Hao Yu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Taiwan, lung cancer remains one of the deadliest cancers. Survival of lung cancer patients remains low, ranging from 6% to 18%. Studies have shown that Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) can be used to induce cell apoptosis and exhibit anti-inflammatory activities in cancer cells. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the frequencies and patterns of CHM treatment for lung cancer patients and the effect of CHM on their survival probability in Taiwan...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061629/a-longitudinal-study-to-assess-the-frequency-and-cost-of-antivascular-endothelial-therapy-and-inequalities-in-access-in-england-between-2005-and-2015
#9
William Hollingworth, Tim Jones, Barnaby C Reeves, Tunde Peto
OBJECTIVES: High-cost antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medicines for eye disorders challenge ophthalmologists and policymakers to provide fair access for patients while minimising costs. We describe the growth in the use and costs of these medicines and measure inequalities in access. DESIGN: Longitudinal study using Hospital Episode Statistics (2005/2006 to 2014/2015) and hospital prescribing cost reports (2008/2009 to 2015/2016). We used Poisson regression to estimate standardised rates and explore temporal and geographical variations...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048313/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-abortion-among-undergraduate-students
#10
David Alvargonzález
BACKGROUND: This study examined attitudes towards and knowledge about abortion among undergraduate students doing eleven different subjects. The differences in attitudes and knowledge about abortion according to gender, religious and political affiliation, religiosity, sexual orientation, number of sex partners and previous sexual experience were also considered. METHOD: 1,025 undergraduate students (58.34% women and 41.66% men; mean age 20.18) completed the following instruments: an adaptation of the Abortion Attitudes Scale by Hill, and an adaptation of Abortion Knowledge Test by Esposito and Basow...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045235/the-aqueous-tuber-extract-of-pueraria-tuberosa-willd-d-c-caused-cytotoxic-effect-on-ht-29-cell-lines-with-down-regulation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#11
Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Olusegun A Fagbohun, Christianah Dawurung, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Background Pueraria tuberosa (Willd) D.C. (Fabaceae) tubers are already used in traditional medicine by Ayurvedic physicians for the management of fertility disorders, general weakness, and also as anti-ageing therapies. Other known pharmacological properties include: anti-hyperglycemics, hepatoprotective, anti-hyperlipidemic, diuretic, nutritive, and anti-fertility agents in male rats. Methods The anti-proliferative effect of the aqueous tuberous root extract of Pueraria tuberosa on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and Human Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cell lines (HT-29) was investigated using the Cell Titer 96 MTT Proliferation Assay where the viable cells were seeded at a density of 5 × 104 (100 µL/well)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043224/optimization-of-mixing-ratio-to-improve-antioxidant-activity-of-aged-garlic-with-pine-needle-using-response-surface-methodology
#12
Jae-Hee Park, Eunji Shin, Eunju Park
Aged garlic has been reported to possess beneficial pharmacological activities, including anti-stress and anti-fatigue properties, and to exert protective effects on the cardiovascular system and liver. Pine needles are widely used in folk medicine and as food additives owing to their pharmacological properties such as anti-aging and anti-inflammatory effects. It has long been known that combining certain phytochemicals with other phenols or organic acids can produce synergistic effects. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop an optimal formula of aged garlic with added pine needle powder for improved antioxidant activity using the statistical technique of response surface methodology...
September 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042287/the-genus-lycium-as-food-and-medicine-a-botanical-ethnobotanical-and-historical-review
#13
REVIEW
Ruyu Yao, Michael Heinrich, Caroline S Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lycium is widely distributed in the arid to semi-arid environments of North and South America, Africa, and Eurasia. In recent years, Lycium barbarum and L. chinense have been advertised as "superfood" with healthy properties. Despite of its popularity, there is a lack of an integrated and critical appraisal of the existing evidence for the use of Lycium. AIM OF THE STUDY: There is a need to understand: 1) Which species were used and how the uses of Lycium developed spatially and over time, 2) how uses differ among regions with different culture backgrounds, and 3) how traditional and current therapeutic and preventive health claims correlate with pharmacological findings...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039470/effects-of-baicalein-on-proliferation-apoptosis-migration-and-invasion-of-ewing-s-sarcoma-cells
#14
Conglin Ye, Xiaolong Yu, Jin Zeng, Min Dai, Bin Zhang
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a rare tumor that is more frequent in pediatric and adolescent age groups. In the past few decades, long-term survival in affected patients has improved due to the success of multimodal therapy. However, long-term survival is inevitably restricted by the late side-effects of chemotherapy. Besides, early metastasis also contributes to the poor prognosis of ES. Recently, traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have increasingly attracted interest due to the promising clinical results and fewer side-effects for the treatment of cancers...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034840/non-anaesthetic-effects-of-volatile-anaesthetics-a-short-trip-on-the-sea-of-translational-medicine
#15
Lukasz J Krzych, Anna J Szczepanska
BACKGROUND: Volatile anaesthetics (VA) are commonly used worldwide for induction and/or maintenance of general anaesthesia. They act in the central nervous system to reduce sensation and motor response during surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures. VAs also have some non-anaesthetic properties in the brain when administrated to patients at the extremes of age. Their biological impact on other organs should be taken into account during administration of anaesthesia. OBJECTIVE: In this review we summarize the recent knowledge on the non-anaesthetic effects of inhaled halogenic ethers on cells and tissues...
October 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985998/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-the-inhibitory-activity-of-the-four-stereoisomers-of-the-potent-and-selective-human-%C3%AE-glutamyl-transpeptidase-inhibitor-ggstop
#16
Bunta Watanabe, Yukiko Tabuchi, Kei Wada, Jun Hiratake
2-Amino-4-{[3-(carboxymethyl)phenoxy](methoxy)phosphoryl}butanoic acid (GGsTop) is a potent, highly selective, nontoxic, and irreversible inhibitor of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). GGsTop has been widely used in academic and medicinal research, and also as an active ingredient (Nahlsgen) in commercial anti-aging cosmetics. GGsTop consists of four stereoisomers due to the presence of two stereogenic centers, i.e., the α-carbon atom of the glutamate mimic (l/d) and the phosphorus atom (RP/SP). In this study, each stereoisomer of GGsTop was synthesized stereoselectively and their inhibitory activity against human GGT was evaluated...
September 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971652/-the-morbidity-and-mortality-of-influenza-patients-treated-at-rambam-medical-center-intensive-care-unit-in-the-years-2009-2014
#17
Yaron Bar-Lavie, Khetam Hussein, Ami Mayo, Daniel King, Zipi Kra-Oz, Michal Paul
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the characteristics and results of the treatment of patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) with influenza in Israel are limited. AIMS: We evaluated the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated at Rambam Medical Center at the adult department of critical care medicine for influenza between the years 2009-2014. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients were detected by laboratory reports and data were extracted from electronic medical records...
September 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962180/preventive-effects-of-polygonum-multiflorum-on-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-in-rats
#18
Manru Zhou, Jin Li, Jingkai Wu, Yajun Yang, Xiaobing Zeng, Xiaohua Lv, Liao Cui, Weimin Yao, Yuyu Liu
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Polygonum multiflorum (PM) is known for its anti-aging properties. A previous study by our group showed that extracts of PM were able to prevent and treat bone loss in vivo, and the active components emodin and 2,3,5,4,-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (TSG) promoted the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of PM on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) in rats. A crude extract of PM was prepared with 75% ethanol, purified and enriched using a D-101 macroresin column and elution with 30% ethanol, and the material obtained was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955981/a-relation-between-osteoclastogenesis-inhibition-and-membrane-type-estrogen-receptor-gpr30
#19
Masaaki Masuhara, Takao Tsukahara, Kazuo Tomita, Minami Furukawa, Shouichi Miyawaki, Tomoaki Sato
Disruption of the cooperative balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts causes various bone disorders, some of which are because of abnormal osteoclast recruitment. Osteoporosis, one of the bone disorders, is not effectively treated by currently available medicines. In addition to the development of novel drugs for palliative treatment, the exploitation of novel compounds for preventive treatment is important in an aging society. Quercetin, a major flavonoid found in many fruits and vegetables, has been expected to inhibit cancer and prevent several diseases because of its anti-inflammatory and estrogenic functions...
December 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954485/anti-thyroidal-peroxidase-antibodies-are-associated-with-thyrotropin-levels-in-hypothyroid-patients-and-in-euthyroid-individuals
#20
Barbara Bromińska, Gabriel Bromiński, Maciej Owecki, Michał Michalak, Agata Czarnywojtek, Ryszard Waśko, Marek Ruchała
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and gland dysfunction, with the aim of finding a clinically useful threshold value of thyreoperoxidase antibodies, which could prove to be predictive for thyroid failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 99 women, ages ranging from 18-91 years (mean age: 45.5 ±17.0), were treated as outpatients in the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
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