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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333895/visual-field-defects-in-young-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-comparison-between-high-tension-and-normal-tension-glaucoma
#1
Ji-Hye Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Jinhwan Park, Yong Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features of young Korean patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), and to compare visual field (VF) defects between patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and those with high-tension glaucoma (HTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with OAG younger than 40 years of age were divided into NTG and HTG groups based on untreated intraocular pressure (IOP) level. The patients were matched according to the mean deviation of standard automated perimetry...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333890/the-association-between-clinical-features-seen-on-fundus-photographs-and-glaucomatous-damage-detected-on-visual-fields-and-optical-coherence-tomography-scans
#2
Paula A Alhadeff, Carlos G De Moraes, Monica Chen, Ali S Raza, Robert Ritch, Donald C Hood
PURPOSE: To classify the appearance of the optic disc seen on fundus photographs of healthy subjects and patients with or suspected glaucoma whose diagnosis was based upon visual fields (VFs) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (sdOCT) results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One eye of 100 patients with or suspected glaucoma and 62 healthy subjects were prospectively tested with 24-2 and 10-2 VF and macular and disc sdOCT cube scans. All eyes with or suspected glaucoma had a 24-2 mean deviation better than -6...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324881/optic-radiation-tractography-and-visual-field-deficits-in-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-for-amygdalohippocampectomy-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#3
Dali Yin, John A Thompson, Cornelia Drees, Steven G Ojemann, Lidia Nagae, Victoria S Pelak, Aviva Abosch
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) has become an alternative to open-resective surgery for refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Occurrence of visual field defects (VFDs) following open surgery for MTLE is reported at 52-100%. We examined the rate of VFDs following LITT for amygdalohippocampectomy (AHE) and correlated the occurrence of VFDs with damage to the optic radiations, assessed by diffusion tensor tractography (DTI). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 5 patients who underwent LITT-AHE for medically refractory MTLE...
March 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323178/study-on-the-deformations-of-the-lamina-cribrosa-during-glaucoma
#4
Hanjing Tian, Long Li, Fan Song
The lamina cribrosa is the primary site of optic nerve injury during glaucoma, and its deformations induced by elevated intraocular pressure are associated directly with the optic nerve injury and visual field defect. However, the deformations in a living body have been poorly understood yet so far. It is because that integral observation and precise measurement of the deformations in vivo are now almost impossible in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. In the present study, a new mechanical model of the lamina cribrosa is presented by using Reissner's thin plate theory...
March 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320210/mobility-scooter-driving-ability-in-visually-impaired-individuals
#5
Christina Cordes, Joost Heutink, Karel A Brookhuis, Wiebo H Brouwer, Bart J M Melis-Dankers
PURPOSE: To investigate how well visually impaired individuals can learn to use mobility scooters and which parts of the driving task deserve special attention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobility scooter driving skill test was developed to compare driving skills (e.g. reverse driving, turning) between 48 visually impaired (very low visual acuity = 14, low visual acuity = 10, peripheral field defects = 11, multiple visual impairments = 13) and 37 normal-sighted controls without any prior experience with mobility scooters...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303068/high-dose-intravenous-pulse-steroid-therapy-for-optic-disc-swelling-and-subretinal-fluid-in-non-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#6
Kei Takayama, Hiroki Kaneko, Shu Kachi, Eimei Ra, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a disease with microvascular abnormality that causes acute optic disc swelling (ODS) and, in severe cases, subretinal fluid (SRF) accumulation. ODS causes compartment syndrome and subsequent axonal degeneration and loss of retinal ganglion cells by apoptosis. No treatment modalities have been effective, although some cases improved after the intake of oral systemic steroids. We reported a case of a 72-year-old man who was referred due to a visual defect in the right eye...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301857/structural-and-functional-characterization-of-benign-fleck-retina-using-multimodal-imaging
#7
Srividya Neriyanuri, Chetan Rao, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: To report structural and functional features in a case series of benign fleck retina using multimodal imaging. METHODS: Four cases with benign fleck retina underwent complete ophthalmic examination that included detailed history, visual acuity, and refractive error testing, FM-100 hue test, dilated fundus evaluation, full field electroretinogram, fundus photography with autofluorescence, fundus fluorescein angiography, and swept-source optical coherence tomography...
April 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297029/alterations-of-the-foveal-avascular-zone-measured-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-glaucoma-patients-with-central-visual-field-defects
#8
Junki Kwon, Jaewan Choi, Joong Won Shin, Jiyun Lee, Michael S Kook
Purpose: To investigate whether the area and shape of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) are altered in glaucomatous eyes with central visual field defects (CVFDs). Methods: A total of 78 patients with open-angle glaucoma with central or peripheral visual field defects (PVFDs) confined to a single hemifield were studied retrospectively. Foveal avascular zone area and circularity were measured using OCTA images from the superficial retinal layer...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293433/eye-tracking-as-a-tool-to-evaluate-functional-ability-in-everyday-tasks-in-glaucoma
#9
REVIEW
Enkelejda Kasneci, Alex A Black, Joanne M Wood
To date, few studies have investigated the eye movement patterns of individuals with glaucoma while they undertake everyday tasks in real-world settings. While some of these studies have reported possible compensatory gaze patterns in those with glaucoma who demonstrated good task performance despite their visual field loss, little is known about the complex interaction between field loss and visual scanning strategies and the impact on task performance and, consequently, on quality of life. We review existing approaches that have quantified the effect of glaucomatous visual field defects on the ability to undertake everyday activities through the use of eye movement analysis...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288589/choroidal-infarction-in-a-glaucoma-patient-with-flammer-syndrome-a-case-report-with-a-long-term-follow-up
#10
Barbara Terelak-Borys, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Anita Piekarniak-Wozniak, Katarzyna Konieczka
BACKGROUND: We present a long term follow-up of a young female patient with choroidal infarction, primary open angle glaucoma and Flammer syndrome. The patient had no classical risk factors for vascular occlusions, except for the presence of Flammer syndrome. The essential feature of this syndrome is primary vascular dysregulation, sometimes including vasospasm. The vessels of affected people respond more intensely to a number of stimuli, such as coldness or emotional stress. Any organ can be involved, including parts of the eye...
March 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282064/predicting-the-risk-of-parafoveal-scotoma-in-myopic-normal-tension-glaucoma-role-of-optic-disc-tilt-and-rotation
#11
M S Sung, H Heo, Y S Ji, S W Park
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the factors associated with development of parafoveal scotoma in early myopic normal tension glaucoma (NTG).Patients and methodsNinety-nine myopic NTG patients with mean deviation (MD) >-6.0 decibels (dB) were enrolled. Parafoveal scotoma was defined as a visual field (VF) defect within 10° of fixation with at least one point at P<1% lying at the four innermost central points. Systemic factors, optic disc characteristics including tilt ratio, rotation degree, β-zone parapapillary atrophy, disc hemorrhage, and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) thickness parameters using optical coherence tomography were evaluated...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280297/does-the-world-health-organization-criterion-adequately-define-glaucoma-blindness
#12
P Mokhles, Jsag Schouten, Hjm Beckers, Cab Webers
PURPOSE: Blindness in glaucoma is difficult to assess with merely the use of the current World Health Organization (WHO) definition (a visual field restricted to 10° in a radius around central fixation), as this criterion does not cover other types of visual field loss that are encountered in clinical practice and also depict blindness. In this study, a 5-point ordinal scale was developed for the assessment of common visual field defect patterns, with the purpose of comparing blindness as outcome to the findings with the WHO criterion when applied to the same visual fields...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276020/localizing-mrnas-encoding-mitochondrial-proteins-in-yeast-by-fluorescence-microscopy-and-subcellular-fractionation
#13
Dmitry Zabezhinsky, Hannah Sperber, Jeffrey E Gerst
Mitochondria are thought to have evolved from ancestral proteobacteria and, as a result of symbiosis, became an indispensable organelle in all eukaryotic cells. Mitochondria perform essential functions that provide the cell with ATP, amino acids, phospholipids, and both heme and iron-sulfur clusters. However, only 1% of mitochondrial proteins are encoded by the mitochondrial genome, while the remaining 99% are encoded in the nucleus. This raises a logistical challenge to the cell, as these nuclear-encoded proteins have to be translated, delivered to the mitochondrial surface, and translocated to its various compartments...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260368/-research-progress-of-treatment-strategies-for-retinitis-pigmentosa
#14
T W Qian, X Xu
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary retinal disorders characterized by photoreceptor cell death, associated with night blindness, vision loss, progressive peripheral visual field loss and abnormalities in the electroretinogram. A number of gene defects have so far been associated with RP, which cause a progressive loss of rod photoreceptor function, followed by cone photoreceptor dysfunction and eventually complete blindness. The rate of blindness related to RP is high...
February 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260359/-study-of-retinal-microvascular-perfusion-alteration-and-structural-damage-at-macular-region-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-patients
#15
H Xu, X M Kong
Objective: To investigate the alteration of retinal microcirculation and structural damage at macular region and evaluate their associations in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Fifty-nine POAG patients (male/femal=35/24) were recruited from July 2015 to December 2015 in Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University. Twenty-eight eyes of early-stage POAG group (EG), 11 eyes of moderate-stage POAG group (MG) and 20 eyes of severe-stage POAG group (SG) were enrolled in this study...
February 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260358/-relationship-between-visual-field-index-and-visual-field-morphological-stages-of-glaucoma-and-their-diagnostic-value
#16
X R Hou, J Y Qin, Z Q Ren
Objective: To investigate the rationality of visual field morphological stages of glaucoma, its relationship with visual field index and their diagnostic value. Methods: Retrospective series case study. Two hundred and seventy-four glaucoma patients and 100 normal control received visual field examination by Humphrey perimeter using standard automatic perimetry (SAP) program from March 2014 to September 2014. Glaucoma patients were graded into four stages according to characteristic morphological damage of visual field, distribution of mean defect (MD) and visual field index (VFI) of each stage were plotted and receiver operation characteristic curve (ROC) was used to explore its correlation with MD and VFI...
February 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257134/microperimetry-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
REVIEW
E Midena, E Pilotto
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the major causes of visual loss and legal blindness in people over 55. Visual function tests are the cornerstone of visual function investigation and any therapeutic approach to AMD implies, as primary endpoint, the maintenance or improvement of visual function. The progression of visual impairment and the quantification of final residual visual function are currently determined by means of visual acuity quantification. The quantification of high-contrast visual acuity though has many drawbacks and cannot be considered a complete functional examination...
March 3, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251963/-the-gg-genotype-of-the-hspa1b-gene-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-glaucoma-in-northern-iran
#18
Z Salehi, M Gholaminia, Z Gholaminia, M Panjtanpanah, M G Qazvini
Glaucoma is a heterogeneous eye disease characterized by optic nerve atrophy and visual field defects. The disease damages the retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and their functional axons. Heat shock proteins 70 (HSP70) are molecular chaperons that could have a protective effect in the development of glaucoma. Polymorphisms of HSP70 may alter protein function or expression and are associated with the susceptibility to glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the HSPA1B 1267A/G (rs1061581) and HSPA1L 2437T/C (rs2227956) variants contribute to glaucoma susceptibility...
January 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249022/properties-of-pattern-standard-deviation-in-open-angle-glaucoma-patients-with-hemi-optic-neuropathy-and-bi-optic-neuropathy
#19
Dong Won Heo, Kyoung Nam Kim, Min Woo Lee, Sung Bok Lee, Chang-Sik Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the properties of pattern standard deviation (PSD) according to localization of the glaucomatous optic neuropathy. METHODS: We enrolled 242 eyes of 242 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, with a best-corrected visual acuity ≥ 20/25, and no media opacity. Patients were examined via dilated fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and Humphrey visual field examination, and divided into those with hemi-optic neuropathy (superior or inferior) and bi-optic neuropathy (both superior and inferior)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222415/young-adult-patient-with-headache-fever-and-blurred-vision
#20
Stavroula A Paschou, Konstantinos Tzioras, Vasiliki Trianti, Stavroula Lyra, Vasileios-Arsenios Lioutas, Andreas Seretis, Andromachi Vryonidou
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: This case highlights the fact that acute pituitary apoplexy may be misdiagnosed due to being confused with other entities exhibiting similar symptoms, such as meningitis or subarachnoid hemorrhage. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A patient in his late 30s presented with sudden and severe frontal headache, fever, blurred vision, nausea, confusion, as well as oculomotor palsy (CN III) with partial ptosis of the left eyelid, dilated left pupil and left eye globe deviation inferiorly and laterally...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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