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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626819/comparison-of-bandage-contact-lens-removal-on-the-fourth-versus-seventh-postoperative-day-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Delaram Shakoor, Hassan Hashemi, Mohamad Aghaie Meybodi, Fateme Rajabi, Pegah Hosseini
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of bandage contact lens (BCL) removal on the fourth versus seventh post-operative day following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: This study recruited eyes of patients who underwent PRK surgery. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. In Group 1 BCL was removed on the 4th postoperative day, while in Group 2, BCL was removed on the 7th postoperative day. After BCL removal, patients were asked to express their pain score and eye discomfort...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626482/the-possible-mechanisms-of-analgesia-produced-by-microinjection-of-morphine-into-the-lateral-habenula-in-the-acute-model-of-trigeminal-pain-in-rats
#2
Emad Khalilzadeh, Gholamreza Vafaei Saiah
This study aimed to assess the effect of intra-habenular injection of morphine on acute trigeminal pain in rats. Also here, we examined the involvement of raphe nucleus opioid and 5HT3 receptors on the antinociceptive activity of intra habenular morphine to explore the possibility of existence of descending antinociceptive relay between the habenula and raphe nucleus. The numbers of eye wiping response elicited by applying a drop (40 μL) of NaCl (5 M) solution on the corneal surface were taken as an index of acute trigeminal nociception...
June 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626419/shallow-anterior-chamber-in-a-severe-case-of-unilateral-acute-central-serous-retinal-detachment
#3
Ahmet Colakoglu, Banu Cosar
BACKGROUND: Atypical serous chorioretinopathy can present with symptoms similar to those of other pachychoroid diseases; however, a proper differential diagnosis will prevent unnecessary intensive treatments. To this end, we report on the shallowness of anterior chamber and transitory anterior vitreous cells in a patient with atypical severe serous retinal detachment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman presented with unilateral visual loss accompanied by mild, vague eye pain for 4 days...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622488/dizziness-unsteadiness-visual-disturbances-and-sensorimotor-control-in-traumatic-neck-pain
#4
Julia Treleaven
Synopsis There is considerable evidence to support the importance of cervical afferent dysfunction in the development of dizziness, unsteadiness, visual disturbances and altered balance, eye, and head movement control following neck trauma, especially in those with persistent symptoms. However, there are other possible causes for these symptoms and secondary adaptive changes should also be considered in the process of differential diagnosis. Understanding the nature of these symptoms and the differential diagnosis of their potential origin is important for rehabilitation...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622043/anterior-segment-injury-by-a-high-power-handheld-blue-laser-device
#5
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Sulaiman M Alsulaiman, Nicola G Ghazi
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe anterior segment inflammation secondary to exposure to a high-power blue laser device. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 14-year-old male presented with redness, pain and decreased vision in his left eye after exposure to blue laser. Examination indicated severe conjunctival injection associated with 4+ cells in the anterior chamber with fibrinous reaction. The posterior pole was normal. CONCLUSION: Blue laser devices are easily available through the Internet...
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620916/ketamine-does-not-enhance-the-quality-of-recovery-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
E T Moro, I M P S S Feitosa, R G de Oliveira, G F P Saraiva, R Rosalino, V P Marossi, J A Bloomstone, L H C Navarro
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been used as part of the multimodal analgesia technique in the acute perioperative period. The effect of perioperative intravenous small-dose ketamine on the quality of recovery from the patient point-of-view has not been assessed. We hypothesized that low-dose ketamine would enhance recovery following laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred thirty five patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial...
June 15, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617730/eye-symptom-questionnaire-to-evaluate-anterior-eye-health
#7
Maria A Woodward, Nita G Valikodath, Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Leslie M Niziol, David C Musch, Paul P Lee
OBJECTIVES: Ophthalmologists assess eye complaints with a careful history and eye examination; however, other types of physicians have limited tools to evaluate anterior segment (AS) eye diseases. We identified the eye symptom questions that providers should ask to help determine the presence and urgency of AS eye diseases. METHODS: Persons with and without AS disease completed a self-report eye symptom questionnaire (ESQ) based on the National Institutes of Health Toolbox symptom items in an academic center's corneal and comprehensive eye clinics...
June 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614221/correlation-of-mdr1-gene-polymorphisms-with-anesthetic-effect-of-sevoflurane-remifentanil-following-pediatric-tonsillectomy
#8
Nian-Jun Shi, Wei-Xia Zhang, Ning Zhang, Li-Na Zhong, Ling-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: The motive of this study was to investigate the collaboration between MDR1 gene polymorphisms and anesthetic effects following pediatric tonsillectomy. METHODS: All together 178 children undergoing tonsillectomy with preoperative sevoflurane-remifentanil anesthesia were selected. In order to determine MDR1 gene polymorphisms of 3435C > T, 1236C > T, and 2677G > T/A, polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612462/epithelial-invasion-after-open-globe-injury
#9
Arne Viestenz, Berthold Seitz, Anja Viestenz, Gottfried O H Naumann
INTRODUCTION: Epithelial invasion after open globe injury is a rare complication. Wrong treatment (laser opening of the cyst) or no treatment can lead to painful blindness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty percent (25/62) of patients with block excision with epithelial downgrowth had a history of open globe injury. Four of them were female. Their mean age was 45 ±21 years. RESULTS: A tectonic keratoplasty with block excision was performed on 25 patients...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611163/angle-closure-as-a-cause-for-intermittent-headache-in-a-child
#10
Nuno Pinto Ferreira, Joana Medeiros Pinto, Filomena Pinto, Luis Abegão Pinto
Angle closure is usually associated with older patients, as it typically manifests in middle to later life, being associated with an age-related increased lens volume. However, angle closure can occur in any age group if there is an anatomical predisposition that promotes pupillary block or an anterior pulling of the iris. During an acute angle closure, patients generally experience ocular pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and conjunctival hyperaemia. These attacks can be misinterpreted as migraine, particularly if subacute or chronic and the demographic characteristics of the patient do not suggest a primary angle closure event...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609597/keeping-an-eye-on-syphilis
#11
Daini Ong, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Jason Ong, Marcus Chen, Lyndell L Lim
BACKGROUND: The objective of this article was to alert general practitioners (GPs) to the increase in ocular syphilis in the context of a worsening epidemic of syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: This study used a retrospective case review of ocular syphilis cases that presented to the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital from January 2015 to August 2016. RESULTS: Twelve patients (19 eyes) were identified, including 11 males...
June 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607780/homonymous-superior-quadrantanopia-due-to-erdheim-chester-disease-with-asymptomatic-pituitary-involvement
#12
Roaa Ridha Amer, Sara Mohammed Qubaiban, Eman Abdulkarim Bakhsh
Polyostotic sclerosing histiocytosis, also known as Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), is a rare form of non-Langerhans histiocytosis. ECD has wide clinical spectrums which mainly affect skeletal, neurological, dermatological, retroperitoneal, cardiac, and pulmonary manifestations. Here we describe a case of ECD in a 45-year-old female who presented initially with bilateral knee pain and homonymous superior quadrantanopia progressed to ophthalmoplegia and complete visual loss of the left eye over a period of one year...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606302/-brain-abscesses-caused-by-nocardia-farcinica-in-a-kidney-transplanted-man
#13
Michaela Tinggaard, Kristian Bagge
Nocardiosis is primarily an opportunistic infection caused by aerobic Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Nocardia. In this case report we describe a male patient who previously received a kidney transplant and was admitted to hospital with chills, headache and pain in the neck and left eye, tremor and coordination problems. A magnetic resonance scan of the brain showed multiple abscesses, and blood culture was positive for Nocardia farcinica. Nocardiosis of the central nervous system is a rare, but serious differential diagnosis in immunosuppressed patients with signs of high intracranial pressure...
June 5, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605930/central-retinal-vein-occlusion-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-case-report
#14
Ufuk Ciloglu, Mustafa Aldag, Sebnem Albeyoglu, Veysel Aykut, Canan Karakaya, Burcu Gonul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report a case of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. In this report, we present the third case in the literature with CRVO after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and the first case after CABG. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old male patient complaining of chest pain was admitted to our hospital. The patient underwent an elective coronary angiography and was diagnosed with three-vessel coronary artery disease...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601626/outcomes-of-23-gauge-transconjunctival-sutureless-vitrectomy-for-acute-postoperative-endophthalmitis
#15
Chia-Ming Hsu, Shih-Chou Chen, Tsung-Tien Wu, Shwu-Jiuan Sheu
BACKGROUND: To report our 3-year experience of 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) for acute postoperative endophthalmitis at a tertiary referral center in southern Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study included 19 patients with acute postoperative endophthalmitis who underwent 23-gauge TSV from January 2011 to January 2015 at Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan. Bacterial and fungal cultures from aqueous samples, vitreous samples, or both were performed...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600960/disability-from-pain-directly-correlated-with-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Abdul Qayyum Rana, Abdul-Rahman M Qureshi, Nabiha Rehman, Aisha Mohammed, Zainab Sarfraz, Ruqqiyah Rana
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressively debilitating disorder resulting in reduced quality of life (QoL). Along with the motor symptoms of PD, non-motor symptoms of PD such as pain, restless leg syndrome (RLS) depression also occur. These exacerbate the worsening QoL and must be promptly diagnosed and treated. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between pain severity, walking, general activity and work (WAW) and rapid eye movements (REM) dimensions of pain interference, and disability with depression and RLS in PD...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599682/bilateral-ocular-ischemia-induced-blindness-as-a-presenting-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-a-case-report
#17
Pedro Pallangyo, Emmanuel Epafra, Paulina Nicholaus, Frederick Lyimo, Parvina Kazahura, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis is a granulomatous panarteritis that predominantly affects the aorta and its major branches. The initial manifestations of this large-vessel vasculitis are usually nonspecific; however, as the disease progresses, typical symptoms of arterial occlusion, aneurysmal formation, and vascular pain become evident. Ischemic ocular complications of Takayasu arteritis which could lead to complete loss of vision are not uncommon and depend on the obliterated portion(s) of carotid(s), the intensity and rate of progression of ocular vascular insufficiency, and sufficiency of the collateral blood supply to the eye...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594738/hemorrhagic-vasculitis-and-retinopathy-heralding-as-an-early-sign-of-bacterial-endophthalmitis-after-intravitreal-injection
#18
Christopher D Conrady, Jonathan A Feistmann, Aaron B Roller, H Culver Boldt, Akbar Shakoor
PURPOSE: To describe a case series of postintravitreal injection, bacterial endophthalmitis heralded by hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis. METHODS: Observational case series of three patients with a history of intravitreal injections for age-related macular degeneration at a tertiary referral center who presented with vision changes and eye pain that were eventually found to have bacterial endophthalmitis. Clinical course was then followed. RESULTS: All patients developed bacterial endophthalmitis and hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis...
June 7, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594699/solitary-iris-plasmacytoma-with-anterior-chamber-crystalline-deposits
#19
Andrew W Stacey, Alenka Lavric, Caroline Thaung, Samreen Siddiq, Mandeep S Sagoo
PURPOSE: To report a case of solitary iris plasmacytoma successfully treated with ruthenium plaque radiotherapy. METHODS: A 44-year-old white woman presented with pain in the right eye and raised intraocular pressure. Her medical history included breast cancer treated 11 years earlier with lumpectomy, lymph node clearance, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. On examination, the right iris had a tan-colored mass with crystalline deposits visible on the mass surface and on the corneal endothelium...
July 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592279/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-intra-operative-analgesia-in-a-veteran-population-during-cataract-procedures-carried-out-using-retrobulbar-or-topical-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#20
Yuna Rapoport, Laura L Wayman, Amy S Chomsky
BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of veterans treated at the Veterans Health Administration (VA) have a history of post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD), and there exists a higher rate of PTSD amongst veterans than the general population. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between PTSD and intra-operative analgesia, intra-operative time, and anesthesia type for cataract surgery in a veteran population. Secondary objectives are to determine if patient age, and first or second eye surgery affect intra-operative pain control or are correlated with type of anesthesia modality...
June 7, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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