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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820793/codeine-plus-acetaminophen-for-pain-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-add-on-trial
#1
Vinicius B P Pereira, Renato Garcia, Andre A M Torricelli, Adriana Mukai, Samir J Bechara
BACKGROUND: Pain after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) is significant, and the analgesic efficacy and safety of oral opioids in combination with acetaminophen has not been fully investigated in PRK trials. PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the combination of codeine plus acetaminophen (paracetamol) versus placebo as an add-on therapy for pain control after PRK. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
August 17, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820703/assessment-of-u-s-pediatrician-knowledge-of-toxocariasis
#2
Dana M Woodhall, Amanda P Garcia, Craig A Shapiro, Shequenta L Wray, Andi L Shane, Chitra S Mani, Kelly K Stimpert, LeAnne M Fox, Susan P Montgomery
Toxocariasis, one of a group of parasitic diseases known as neglected parasitic infections, is a disease caused by the larvae of two species of Toxocara roundworms, Toxocara canis, from dogs, and less commonly Toxocara cati, from cats. Although most infected individuals are asymptomatic, clinical manifestations may include fever, fatigue, coughing, wheezing, or abdominal pain (visceral toxocariasis) or vision loss, retina damage, or eye inflammation (ocular toxocariasis). To assess U.S. pediatrician knowledge of toxocariasis, we conducted an electronic survey of American Academy of Pediatrics members...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#3
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816862/unilateral-optic-neuritis-and-central-retinal-vasculitis-due-to-ocular-syphilis
#4
Murtaza S Khan, Dulanji K Kuruppu, Tanav A Popli, Ramana S Moorthy, Devin D Mackay
PURPOSE: Report a case of concurrent unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting signs of syphilis. METHODS: A case report of a 22-year-old man with progressive unilateral vision loss. RESULTS: With no known previous history of syphilis, genital lesions, or other extraocular manifestations, the patient presented with pain with eye movements and decreased color vision. His vision dramatically worsened after a course of oral steroids...
August 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814146/-express-evidence-that-dry-eye-represents-a-chronic-overlapping-pain-condition
#5
Alexandra E Levitt, Anat Galor, Aneesa R Chowdhury, Elizabeth R Felix, Constantinos D Sarantopoulos, Gerald Y Zhuang, Dennis Patin, William Maixner, Shad B Smith, Eden R Martin, Roy C Levitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812938/unilateral-optic-perineuritis-due-to-nonspecific-orbital-inflammation-a-case-report
#6
Pinar Nalcacioglu, Golge Acaroglu
Nonspecific orbital inflammation is an idiopathic chronic tumor-like inflammation process that usually affects the orbital tissues of both eyes. Isolated optic nerve involvement by an idiopathic inflammatory process is a rare finding. Here, we report a patient with unilateral sudden onset severe orbital pain and headache with visual loss to no light perception that could only be attributed to perineuritis. Radiological findings enabled making the correct diagnosis. Various relevant diagnoses are also discussed...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808515/palpitations-as-a-presenting-feature-of-multisystem-sarcoidosis
#7
Richie Manikat, Julieta Gilson, Mahesh Krishnamurthy, Koroush Khalighi
Introduction: Sarcoidosis is described as a systemic condition characterized by non-caseating granulomas in multiple organs. In this report, we present an unusual manifestation of cardiac sarcoidosis and review management strategies. Case presentation: A 29-year-old African-American man presented with weight loss, fatigue, dyspnea, palpitations, night sweats, painless left eye redness and bilateral leg pain over the course of three months. His physical exam revealed left conjunctival congestion and bilateral crackles on auscultation...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796148/pain-and-antisepsis-after-ocular-administration-of-povidone-iodine-versus-chlorhexidine
#8
Carmen Oakley, Penny Allen, Joobin Hooshmand, Brendan J T Vote
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular bacterial count before and after antisepsis with aqueous chlorhexidine (AC) or povidone-iodine (PI) and to assess discomfort with each agent. METHODS: Bacterial swabs were taken from participants' eyes before and after antisepsis. These underwent microscopy, culture, and sensitivity testing. Aqueous chlorhexidine drops were administered to left eyes and PI to right eyes. Participants rated their pain (scale 0-10) for each eye but were blinded to the type of drop...
August 8, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792180/bilateral-acute-anterior-uveitis-and-conjunctivitis-following-intravenous-zoledronic-acid
#9
Samrat Chatterjee, Deepshikha Agrawal
The ocular side-effects of bisphosphonates have the potential to escalate with their widespread use. We report a patient of osteoporosis who was treated with zoledronic acid infusion. He developed ocular pain, redness, watering, photophobia and swelling of both the eyes. He was diagnosed with acute anterior uveitis and conjunctivitis and treated with topical 1% prednisolone acetate and 1% atropine sulphate. The signs of inflammation abated by one week and the steroids were tapered over the next six weeks. There were no further recurrences...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791181/results-of-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-under-local-anesthesia-with-minimal-sedation
#10
Woong Chul Choi, Ji-Sun Paik, Sang Hee Doh
PURPOSE: We evaluated the tolerability and efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (Endo-DCR) in patients treated in the leaning position and under local anesthesia with minimal sedation (LAS). STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire to determine subjective success of Endo-DCR. METHODS: From May 2013 to August 2014, a total of 95 eyes with epiphora presented to the Myoung Eye Plastic Surgery Clinic in Seoul, Korea, and were treated with Endo-DCR under LAS...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790782/revelations-of-an-overt-water-contamination
#11
Gurpreet Singh, S K Kaushik, S Mukherji
BACKGROUND: Contaminated water sources are major cause of water borne diseases of public health importance. Usually, contamination is suspected after an increase in patient load. METHODS: Two health teams investigated the episode. First team conducted sanitary survey, and second team undertook water safety and morbidity survey. On-site testing was carried out from source till consumer end. Investigation was also undertaken to identify factors which masked the situation...
July 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782904/role-of-olfactory-reactions-nociception-and-immunoendocrine-shifts-in-addictive-disorders
#12
Elena Masterova, Tatiana Nevidimova, Dariya Savochkina, Valentina Nikitina, Olga Lobacheva, Tamara Vetlugina, Nikolay Bokhan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Addictive pathology is associated with nervous, immune, and endocrine shifts. Meanwhile, the nature of intersystemic relationship lying beneath addictive disorders remains unclear. The purpose of the study was to identify neuroimmunoendocrine markers of addictive disorders in male subjects defining the nature of their interaction. METHODS: The study enrolled 69 subjects aged 18-43 years: 59 males and 10 females divided into those with addictive disorders (n = 39) and conditionally healthy subjects (n = 30)...
August 7, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770108/the-combination-of-ketorolac-with-local-anesthesia-for-pain-control-in-day-care-retinal-detachment-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Xiaohong Chen, Bingqian Liu, Xiaoling Liang, Jiaqing Li, Tao Li, Yonghao Li, Xiling Yu, Cancan Lyu, Xiujuan Zhao, Silvia Tanumiharjo, Chenjin Jin, Lin Lu
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ketorolac with local anesthesia compared to local anesthesia alone for perioperative pain control in day care retinal detachment surgery. The randomized controlled trial included 59 eyes of 59 participants for retinal detachment surgery who were randomly assigned (1 : 1) into the ketorolac (K) group and control (C) group. All participants underwent conventional local anesthesia while patients in the K group received an extra administration of preoperative ketorolac...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765974/effects-of-combined-general-epidural-anesthesia-and-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-cellular-immunity-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-comparative-study
#14
Qiang Xu, Nian-Jun Shi, Hao Zhang, Yan-Mei Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of combined general‑epidural anesthesia (CGEA) and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) on cellular immunity and prognosis in patients with non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a Chinese population. One‑hundred and twenty NSCLC patients were randomly divided into a TIVA group (n=60) and a CGEA group (n=60) using a random number table. All patients underwent video‑assisted thoracoscopic surgery for radical resection. Blood pressure (BP) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761543/spinal-capillary-hemangiomas-two-cases-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Thara Tunthanathip, Sanguansin Rattanalert, Thakul Oearsakul, Kanet Kanjanapradit
Hemangiomas have rarely been found in the spinal cord. A few cases of spinal capillary hemangioma have been reported since 1987. The authors reported the two cases of capillary hemangioma including the tumor at conus medullaris and the another mimicked von Hippel-Lindau disease. A 15-year-old man was presented with coccydynia and left leg pain. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an intradural extramedullary enhancing mass at conus medullaris. Another case, a 31-year-old man was presented with a history of familial history of brain tumor, retinal hemangioma both eyes, multiple pancreatic cyst and syringobulbia with syringohydromyelia...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761031/indications-for-enucleation-and-evisceration-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-riyadh-over-a-10-year-period
#16
Saad A Al-Dahmash, Sawsan Saad Bakry, Nada H Almadhi, Lolwah M Alashgar
BACKGROUND: Enucleation and evisceration are eye removal procedures considered as palliative treatment when all other therapeutic options are exhausted. OBJECTIVE: Describe the causes and histopathological findings leading to enucleation/evisceration, and correlate the clinical findings with the histopathological findings. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study. SETTINGS: Tertiary care hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757697/corneal-ring-infiltration-in-contact-lens-wearers
#17
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Mohammadkarim Johari
To report a case of atypical sterile ring infiltrates during wearing soft silicone hydrogel contact lens due to poor lens care. A 29-year-old woman presented with complaints of pain, redness, and morning discharge. She was wearing soft silicone hydrogel contact lens previously; her current symptoms began 1 week before presentation. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/40 in that eye. Slit-lamp examination revealed dense, ring-shaped infiltrate involving both the superficial and deep stromal layers with lucid interval to the limbus, edema of the epithelium, epithelial defect, and vascularization of the superior limbus...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757696/can-pneumocephalus-present-as-flashes-of-light-a-rare-case-report
#18
Santanu Ghosh, Menon P Jayasree, Mathew Biju, Basu Snehanshu
Orbital emphysema and associated pneumocephalus usually result from trauma to orbital bones or due to sinus disease, allowing air to travel from paranasal sinus into orbit and brain. However, it is extremely rare to have orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus in the absence of orbital wall fracture. In our case, a young male was admitted with severe eye pain, diminution of vision due to sudden exposure of compressed air gun. Examination revealed proptosed, emphysematous right eye with conjunctival laceration...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757692/orbital-implant-exposure-following-enucleation-or-evisceration
#19
Huda Abdullah Al-Farsi, Buthaina Issa Sabt, Abdullah Said Al-Mujaini
PURPOSE: To study the exposure rate of orbital implant postenucleation or evisceration procedures in two tertiary hospitals in Oman. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive, cross-section study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients' records were reviewed for patients' demographics, surgical indications, implant types, follow-up and any reported complications after surgeries. Patients with a minimum of 1 year follow-up period were selected. All patients who underwent enucleation or evisceration with primary orbital implant were included in the study...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755994/non-invasive-strategies-for-targeting-the-posterior-segment-of-eye
#20
REVIEW
Asadullah Madni, Muhammad Abdur Rahem, Nayab Tahir, Muhammad Sarfraz, Abdul Jabar, Mubashar Rehman, Prince Muhammad Kashif, Syed Faisal Badshah, Kifayat Ullah Khan, Hélder A Santos
The safe and effective treatment of eye diseases has been remained a global myth. Several advancements have been done and various drug delivery and treatment techniques have been suggested. The Posterior segment disorders are the leading cause of visual impairments and blindness. Targeting the therapeutic agents to the anterior and posterior segments of the eye has attracted extensive attention from the scientific community. Significant key factors in the success of ocular therapy are the development of safe, effective, economic and non-invasive novel drug delivery systems...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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