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Eye pain

Yu Zhao, Hongqi Zhang
The effects of propofol vs. sevoflurane combined with remifentanil on the pain index, inflammatory factors and postoperative cognitive function in spine fracture patients were studied and analyzed. A total of 62 patients with vertebral fracture were randomly divided into the propofol group (P group, n=41) and the sevoflurane group (S group, n=41). P group used induction anesthesia with propofol, and maintained anesthesia via intravenous injection of remifentanil. While patients in S group received induction anesthesia with sevoflurane, and also remifentanil as the maintained anesthesia...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yanyan Wang, Xiaochao Guo, Qingfeng Liu, Huajun Xiao, Yu Bai
INTRODUCTION: Inappropriate design eye point (DEP) will lead to nonstandard sitting postures, including nonneutral head positions and other uncomfortable sitting postures, which are high risk factors for neck pain in fighter pilots exposed to high G forces. Therefore, application of a 3D measurement method to collect data regarding eye position while in the cruising sitting posture in the aircraft cockpit to guide the design eye point has been proposed. METHODS: A total of 304 male fixed wing aircraft pilots were divided into two groups...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Sarah Paganini, Irena Schank, Paul Enck, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Objective: Problems in emotion processing potentially contribute to the development and maintenance of chronic pain. Theories focusing on attentional processing have suggested that dysfunctional attention deployment toward emotional information, i.e., attentional biases for negative emotions, might entail one potential developmental and/or maintenance factor of chronic pain. Methods: We assessed self-reported alexithymia, attentional orienting to and maintenance on emotional stimuli using eye tracking in 17 patients with chronic pain disorder (CP) and two age- and sex-matched control groups, 17 healthy individuals (HC) and 17 individuals who were matched to CP according to depressive symptoms (DC)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Markus Wettstein, Andreas Gerhardt, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine visual function and eye symptoms in fibromyalgia patients, with a particular focus on dry eye syndrome and eye pain. Methods: A tertiary care center-based cross-sectional study was carried out in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients without fibromyalgia were enrolled as a comparison group. Self-reported eye pain was investigated with the McGill pain questionnaire and the numeric rating scale...
March 15, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Francisco de Borja Domínguez-Serrano, Manuel Caro-Magdaleno, Rafael Perea-Pérez, Enrique Rodríguez-de-la-Rúa, Jesús Montero-Iruzubieta
SIGNIFICANCE: Lacrimal punctal plugs may prevent the teratogenicity of the treatment used in infectious keratitis. Its use should be strongly considered in these cases. PURPOSE: We present the case of a 7-week pregnant patient with Acanthamoeba keratitis. CASE REPORT: The patient was a contact lens user with photophobia, redness, and intense pain in the right eye that started 2 weeks earlier. Corrected visual acuity was 20/63 (0.5 logMAR)...
March 16, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
M Sacchetti, I Abicca, A Bruscolini, C Cavaliere, M Nebbioso, A Lambiase
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) includes a wide spectrum of clinical entities characterized by different incidence, age of onset, natural course, clinical outcome and response to treatment. Taken together, they represent one of the most frequent ocular surface diseases affecting more than 30% of the young-adult population and show an increasing incidence over the years. Moreover, comorbidities with other systemic atopic conditions such as asthma, atopic dermatitis and rhinitis require a multidisciplinary approach...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Korbinian Benz, Carla Kozmacs, Andree Piwowarczyk, Jochen Jackowski
A female patient, now aged 17 years, was diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in the right pterygopalatine fossa when she was 3 years old. The RMS was successfully treated by excision, but the subsequent radiation and polychemotherapy resulted in the complete anesthesia of the distribution area of the right trigeminal nerve and loss of vision in the right eye. The patient also experienced pain in the mandibular joints and masticatory muscles. Panoramic radiographs displayed a multiple agenesia of the permanent teeth and underdeveloped apices...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Guro E Løseth, Marie Eikemo, Peder Isager, Jostein Holmgren, Bruno Laeng, Vigdis Vindenes, Trine Hjørnevik, Siri Leknes
The μ-opioid system modulates responses to pain and psychosocial stress and mediates non-social and social reward. In humans, the μ-opioid agonist morphine can increase overt attention to the eye-region and visual exploration of faces with neutral expressions. However, little is known about how the human μ-opioid system influences sensitivity to and appraisal of subtle and explicit cues of social threats and reward. Here, we examined the effects of selective μ-opioid stimulation on perception of anger and happiness in faces with explicit, neutral or implicit emotion expressions...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Varun Chandra, Danielle Buck, Rahul Chakrabarti, Alan McNab
A 24-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of gradually increasing pain on eye movements, worse on the right. She had a significant background of undergoing intracranial correction of orbital hypertelorism with internal fixation of the lateral orbital rims at the age of 6 years. Imaging was consistent with bilateral metallic foreign bodies from both lateral orbital rims protruding into the globes. The patient underwent removal of bilateral plates and screws, with a significant improvement of symptoms and ocular motility postoperatively...
March 14, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Shudan Wang, Noam Broder, Paula Marchetta, Johannes Nowatzky
A 46-year-old Hispanic man presented with fever, genital ulcers, left eye redness and chest pain. Physical examination was notable for a healed oral ulcer and scrotal ulcers, and bilateral superficial thrombophlebitis. He was found to have new-onset pancytopenia. CT of the chest showed pericardial and pleural effusions and rapidly progressing inflammation of the aortic arch and ascending vessels. Although the patient had Behcet's disease (BD)-like symptoms, pancytopenia could not be explained by the diagnosis, prompting a bone marrow biopsy which showed myelodysplastic syndrome...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Tanya Moutray, Jennifer R Evans, Noemi Lois, David J Armstrong, Tunde Peto, Augusto Azuara-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a chronic progressive disease of the retinal microvasculature associated with prolonged hyperglycaemia. Proliferative DR (PDR) is a sight-threatening complication of DR and is characterised by the development of abnormal new vessels in the retina, optic nerve head or anterior segment of the eye. Argon laser photocoagulation has been the gold standard for the treatment of PDR for many years, using regimens evaluated by the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS)...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Madan Upadhyay, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Bharat Shrestha, Bhaiya Khanal, Bishnu Psd Upadhyay, Jeevan B Sherchand, Prakash Ghimire
PURPOSE: This review aims to provide a detailed update in Seasonal hypercute panuveitis (SHAPU) which is a blinding disease of unknown etiology reported only from Nepal, occurring every odd year since 1975 predominantly in children. METHODS: Data sources were literature reviewed using PubMed, Medline, and ISI Databases (since 1975 to late 2017). Search items included SHAPU, seasonal endophthalmitis, hypopyon uveitis, caterpillar induced uveitis alone or in combination with white moth, panuveitis, and review...
March 15, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Jennifer Doyle, Yunfei Yang, Jonathan H Norris, Sher A Aslam
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine whether there is any difference in the quality of life of patients with a blind eye with long-term silicone oil compared to without. METHOD: Patients with either long-term silicone oil in situ (N = 17), defined as a period greater than 6 months duration with no plan for future removal, or those with a phthisical, non oil-filled eye were identified (N = 13). Two validated questionnaires (NEI VFQ-25 and the FACE-Q) that cover indicators for visual function, pain and cosmesis were sent to all patients in the two cohorts...
March 12, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Elif Doğan Baki, Şahin Ulu, Ahmet Yüksek, Hüseyin Arıcan, Remziye Sivaci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of listening to music on the consumption of an anesthetic agent as well as postoperative recovery and pain in children undergoing elective tonsillectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized into those to whom music was played during surgery (Group M) and a control group to whom music was not played (Group C). The depth of anesthesia was provided by entropy levels of 50 ± 5 in both groups...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Jasvinder A Singh
Objective: There are no qualitative studies of sleep in gout; the aim of this study was to examine the impact of gout on sleep. Methods: Nine nominal groups were conducted, oversampling for African-Americans and women with gout. Patients discussed and rank-ordered their concerns. Results: Nine nominal groups with 46 gout patients were conducted with mean age, 61 years (s.d. 10.6) and gout duration, 14.9 years (s.d. 12); 63% were men, 46% African-American, 52% married, 46% retired and 63% were allopurinol users...
February 23, 2018: Rheumatology
María Carmen Sánchez-González, Verónica Pérez-Cabezas, Inmaculada López-Izquierdo, Estanislao Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Carmen Ruiz-Molinero, Manuel Rebollo-Salas, José Jesús Jiménez-Rejano
The aim of this study was to establish whether there is a relationship between conditions of accommodative visual dysfunctions and cervical complaints. Fifty-two participants were included. Variables were accommodative amplitude, positive and negative relative accommodation (NRA), accommodative response, and accommodative facility. Subjects were classified as accommodative insufficiency, accommodative excess, or normal. Neck complaints were measured with the Neck Disability Index, the Visual Analogue Scale, and by cervical range of motion, deep flexor muscle activation score, and performance index...
March 10, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Spyridon Miliaras, Ioannis A Ziogas, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Vasileios N Papadopoulos
Malignant gastrointestinal melanoma is usually a metastatic lesion. We report the case of a 67-year-old female patient who presented with intermittent abdominal pain, fever, rigor and diarrhoea. CT scan of the abdomen revealed a large mass at the right iliac fossa with features concerning for intra-abdominal abscess. Exploratory laparotomy confirmed the preoperative diagnosis of abscess, and a right hemicolectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen was indicative of malignant melanoma, and immunohistochemical examination showed positivity to S100 protein, Melan-A, HMB-45 and vimentin...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
George A Kontadakis, Konstantina G Chronopoulou, Rodoula Tsopouridou, David Tabibian, George D Kymionis
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of nepafenac 0.3% in a once daily dosage regarding pain and healing after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative, contralateral randomized study of 35 patients undergoing PRK for the correction of low to moderate myopia and myopic astigmatism. After randomization, patients received nepafenac 0.3% ophthalmic suspension once daily in one eye (nepafenac 0.3% group) and nepafenac 0.1% ophthalmic suspension three times a day in the other eye (nepafenac 0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Sobha Sivaprasad, Joana C Vasconcelos, A Toby Prevost, Helen Holmes, Philip Hykin, Sheena George, Caroline Murphy, Joanna Kelly, Geoffrey B Arden
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess 24-month outcomes of wearing an organic light-emitting sleep mask as an intervention to treat and prevent progression of non-central diabetic macular oedema. METHODS: CLEOPATRA was a phase 3, single-blind, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial undertaken at 15 ophthalmic centres in the UK. Adults with non-centre-involving diabetic macular oedema were randomly assigned (1:1) to wearing either a light mask during sleep (Noctura 400 Sleep Mask, PolyPhotonix Medical, Sedgefield, UK) or a sham (non-light) mask, for 24 months...
March 5, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Abhishek Biswas, Hiren J Mehta, Michael A Jantz
A 62-year-old Hispanic woman, a resident of Puerto Rico, presented with symptoms of chronic cough and shortness of breath for the past 2 years that were slowly and progressively getting worse. She received a diagnosis of asthma on the basis of her history of symptomatic "wheezing" and had been on treatment with inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids with minimal symptomatic improvement. The peculiarity of her symptoms was that her dyspnea was worse when she was reclining in bed and she would often hear a "whistling" noise in her throat during those times...
March 2018: Chest
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