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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156250/fear-family-and-the-placing-of-emotion-black-women-s-responses-to-a-breast-cancer-awareness-intervention
#1
Tim Brown, Isabel Dyck, Beth Greenhough, Menah Raven-Ellison, Melanie Dembinsky, Mark Ornstein, Stephen W Duffy
This paper is based upon findings from the qualitative element of a mixed-methods study on the response of Black women aged 25-50 to a public health intervention related to breast cancer. The focus groups were conducted in the London Borough of Hackney, UK between 2013 and 2016, and were part of an evaluation of the effectiveness of a breast awareness DVD. While the content of the DVD was generally well-received by the participants, the focus group discussions revealed a complex and, at times, contradictory response to the women's construction as an 'at risk' community...
November 17, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151971/the-predictive-and-prognostic-role-of-stromal-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-her2-positive-breast-cancer-with-trastuzumab-based-treatment-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#2
Tao Xu, Bang-Shun He, Xiang-Xiang Liu, Xiu-Xiu Hu, Kang Lin, Yu-Qin Pan, Hui-Ling Sun, Hong-Xin Peng, Xiao-Xiang Chen, Shu-Kui Wang
Background Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are white blood cells that have left the bloodstream and migrated into a tumor, involving in the prognosis of breast cancer (BC) patients. Published studies reported the value of TILs in patients with HER2-positive receiving trastuzumab-based treatment. However, the results obtained remain controversial. Here, we conducted this study to explore the predictive and prognostic role of TILs for HER2-positive BC patients receiving trastuzumab therapies. Method To identify the related published studies, a comprehensive literature search dating up to July 2017 was performed in the databases of PubMed, PMC, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) according to predefined selection criteria...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149125/survivorship-care-plans-rural-low-income-breast-cancer-survivor-perspectives%C3%A2
#3
Pam DeGuzman, Kaitlyn Colliton, Carmel J Nail, Jessica Keim-Malpass
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing implementation of survivorship care plans (SCPs), cancer survivors still experience unmet needs post-treatment. Rural, low-income survivors experience less planning for supportive care during treatment, which is difficult to overcome after patients complete treatment.
. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study explores post-
treatment survivorship care planning execution, perception, and needs among rural, low-income cancer survivors. 
...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147965/primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-breast-in-association-with-zuska-s-disease
#4
A M Huws, L Semkin, A Moalla, S Udayasankar, S D H Holt, Y M Sharaiha
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in the UK with well-defined algorithms of management in place in the western world. Squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is a rare entity and as such knowledge about the pathophysiology, treatment and prognosis are still uncertain. The report describes an unusual case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in an area of Zuska's disease of the breast. It illustrates the heterogeneity of the imaging findings with review of the literature. Decisions on management should be taken on an individual basis with full discussion in the multidisciplinary team meetings where all facets of the case are considered...
November 17, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147896/genetic-diagnosis-before-surgery-has-an-impact-on-surgical-decision-in-brca-mutation-carriers-with-breast-cancer
#5
Sungmin Park, Jeong Eon Lee, Jai Min Ryu, Issac Kim, Soo Youn Bae, Se Kyung Lee, Jonghan Yu, Seok Won Kim, Seok Jin Nam
BACKGROUND: The first aim of our study was to evaluate surgical decision-making by BRCA mutation carriers with breast cancer based on the timing of knowledge of their BRCA mutation status. The second aim was to evaluate breast cancer outcome following surgical treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 164 patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, tested for BRCA mutation, and treated with primary surgery between 2004 and 2015 at Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, Korea...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147870/changes-in-body-composition-and-muscle-attenuation-during-taxane-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#6
Hánah N Rier, Agnes Jager, Stefan Sleijfer, Joost van Rosmalen, Marc C J M Kock, Mark-David Levin
PURPOSE: Body composition parameters including low muscle mass, muscle attenuation (which reflects muscle quality) and adipose tissue measurements have emerged as prognostic factors in cancer patients. However, knowledge regarding the possibility of excessive muscle loss during specific systemic therapies is unknown. We describe the changes in body composition and muscle attenuation (MA) during taxane- and anthracycline-based regimens and its association with overall survival (OS) in metastatic breast cancer patients...
November 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147646/creation-and-pilot-testing-of-cases-for-case-based-learning-a-pedagogical-approach-for-pathology-cancer-diagnosis
#7
Shahin Sayed, Susan C Lester, Michael Wilson, Daniel Berney, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Jennifer Stall, Alexia Eslan, Stephanie Ayers, Angela Mutuku, Jeannette Guarner
Background: Case-based learning (CBL) is an established pedagogical active learning method used in various disciplines and defined based on the field of study and type of case. The utility of CBL for teaching specific aspects of cancer diagnosis to practising pathologists has not been previously studied in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: We aimed to pilot test standardised cancer cases on a group of practising pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to evaluate case content, clarity of questions and delivery of content...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145336/expression-of-hormone-receptors-in-low-grade-adenosquamous-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-case-report
#9
Hai-Bo Wu, An-Li Zhang, Wei Wang, Heng Li
RATIONALE: Low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma (LGASC) is a rare subtype of metaplastic breast carcinoma which is generally recognized as a characteristic subgroup of triple-negative breast cancers previously. However, in this study, we reported for the first time a case of LGASC with hormone receptors expression. PATIENT CONCERNS: Pathological analysis of breast tumor specimen obtained by a 42-year-old female patient was performed. Morphologically, it composed of glandular structures with scattered squamous differentiation accompanied by haphazard arrangement of spindle cell stroma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144159/shear-wave-elastography-quantitative-assessment-of-the-male-breast-added-value-to-distinguish-benign-and-malignant-palpable-masses
#10
Amandine Crombe, Gabrielle Hurtevent-Labrot, Maryam Asad-Syed, Jean Palussiere, Gaetan MacGrogan, Michèle Kind, Stéphane Ferron
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of shear-wave elastography (SWE) to distinguish between benign and malignant palpable masses of the adult male breast. METHODS: Clinical examination, mammography, B-mode and Doppler ultrasound (US) findings and SWE quantitative parameters were compared in 50 benign lesions (including 40 gynecomastias) and 15 malignant lesions (invasive ductal carcinomas) from 65 patients who were consecutively addressed for specialized advice at our comprehensive cancer center...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144008/a-copper-ii-phenanthroline-metallopeptide-that-targets-and-disrupts-mitochondrial-function-in-breast-cancer-stem-cells
#11
Kristine Laws Laws, Ganka Bineva-Todd, Arvin Eskandari, Chunxin Lu, Nicola O'Reilly, Kogularamanan Suntharalingam
The breast cancer stem cell (CSC) and bulk breast cancer cell potency of a series of metallopeptides, 1-4 containing dichloro(1,10-phenanthroline) copper(II) and various organelle-targeting peptide sequences, is reported. The mitochondrial-targeting metallopeptide, 1 exploits the higher mitochondrial load in breast CSCs over corresponding non-CSCs, and the vulnerability of breast CSCs to mitochondrial damage, to potently and selectivity kill breast CSCs. Strikingly, 1 reduces the formation and size of mammospheres to a better extent than salinomycin, an established CSC-potent agent...
November 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141557/halilectin-3-a-lectin-from-the-marine-sponge-haliclona-caerulea-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-breast-cancer-mcf7-cells-through-caspase-9-pathway-and-lc3-ii-protein-expression-haliclona-caerulea-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-breast-cancer
#12
Paula A Videira, Luiz Gonzaga do Nascimento-Neto, Maria Guadalupe Cabral, Romulo Farias Carneiro, Francisco Vassiliepe Sousa Arruda, Zelia Silva, Celso Shiniti Nagano, Alexandre Holanda Sampaio, Edson Holanda Teixeira
BACKGROUND: An ideal strategy for cancer treatment is the specific induction of tumor cell death, sparing normal cells. Marine sponges are rich biological reservoirs of biomolecules, especially lectins, which have attracted considerable attention due to potential biological effect on human cells. Lectins are proteins that bind specific carbohydrate signatures and some gained further interest for their capacity to bind tumor associated carbohydrates antigens and induce tumor cell apoptosis...
November 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141550/autophagy-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-breast-cancer-treatment
#13
Natalia Lisiak, Ewa Toton, Maria Rybczynska
One of the crucial reasons of breast cancer therapy failure is an impairment of mechanisms responsible for metabolism and cellular homeostasis, which makes it difficult to foresee the response to the treatment. Targeted therapy in breast cancer is dictated by the expression of specific molecules such as growth factor or hormone receptors. Many types of breast cancer exhibit different abnormalities in the apoptotic pathway, which confer the resistance to many forms of chemotherapy. Because of the fundamental importance of autophagy in the development and progression of cancer and its ability to affect treatment response, there has been an immense research on molecular regulation and signal transduction mechanisms that control this process...
November 14, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#14
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137596/analysis-of-breast-cancer-subtypes-by-ap-isa-biclustering
#15
Liying Yang, Yunyan Shen, Xiguo Yuan, Junying Zhang, Jianhua Wei
BACKGROUND: Gene expression profiling has led to the definition of breast cancer molecular subtypes: Basal-like, HER2-enriched, LuminalA, LuminalB and Normal-like. Different subtypes exhibit diverse responses to treatment. In the past years, several traditional clustering algorithms have been applied to analyze gene expression profiling. However, accurate identification of breast cancer subtypes, especially within highly variable LuminalA subtype, remains a challenge. Furthermore, the relationship between DNA methylation and expression level in different breast cancer subtypes is not clear...
November 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137303/the-association-between-ccr5-%C3%AE-32-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-breast-cancer
#16
Junlong Li, Yuan Peng, Hui Liu, Qiang Wu
Background: Chemokine C-C motif receptor 5 (CCR5) gene polymorphisms have been proposed to play important roles in tumors. Δ32 polymorphism of this gene might correlate with breast cancer (BC) susceptibility. Nevertheless, inconsistent conclusions have been achieved as yet. We carried out this meta-analysis to draw a more comprehensive and convincing conclusion on this issue. Results: No significant correlation of CCR5 Δ32 polymorphism with individual susceptibility to BC was detected in either total analysis (Δ32 vs...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135534/the-multiple-faces-of-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-expression-in-malignant-and-nonmalignant-cells
#17
Edwin R Parra, Pamela Villalobos, Jaime Rodriguez-Canales
Preliminary data suggest that tumor expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein in human cancers, as determined by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples, may predict clinical response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. PD-L1 is not a specific tumor marker and its expression is also observed in various nonmalignant cells, such as macrophages and lymphocytes, causing confusion in immunohistochemistry analysis when these inflammatory cells are overlapping with tumors cells...
November 13, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135103/impact-of-oncotype-dx-on-chemotherapy-assignment-a-retrospective-single-center-study-on-female-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Dimitris Panousis, Panagiota Ntasiou, Dimitris Grosomanidis, Konstantinos Chatzopoulos, Georgia Paraskevakou, Panagiota Kontogianni, Efstratia Charitidou, Grigoris Xepapadakis
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the Recurrence Score (RS) distribution and its associated risk assessments based on traditional clinicopathologic characteristics in a single-center breast cancer (BC) deriving cohort in Greece, and to evaluate the impact of the RS results on adjuvant treatment decisions applied in this cohort. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study regarding Greek female patients with early-stage breast cancer (ESBC)...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132570/integrating-new-knowledge-and-surgical-innovation-into-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-breast-cancer
#19
EDITORIAL
Kelly K Hunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132326/association-between-gene-expression-profile-of-the-primary-tumor-and-chemotherapy-response-of-metastatic-breast-cancer
#20
Cemile Dilara Savci-Heijink, Hans Halfwerk, Jan Koster, Marc Joan Van de Vijver
BACKGROUND: To better predict the likelihood of response to chemotherapy, we have conducted a study comparing the gene expression patterns of primary tumours with their corresponding response to systemic chemotherapy in the metastatic setting. METHODS: mRNA expression profiles of breast carcinomas of patients that later developed distant metastases were analyzed using supervised and non-supervised classification techniques to identify predictors of response to chemotherapy...
November 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
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