keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

uro oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458749/what-false-negative-rates-of-non-invasive-testing-are-active-surveillance-patients-and-uro-oncologists-willing-to-accept-in-order-to-avoid-prostate-biopsy
#1
Rashid Khalid Sayyid, Dharmendra Dingar, Katherine Fleshner, Taylor Thorburn, Joshua Diamond, Erik Yao, Karen Hersey, Karen Chadwick, Nathan Perlis, Laurence Klotz, Antonio Finelli, Robert Hamilton, Girish Kulkarni, Alexandre Zlotta, Neil Fleshner
INTRODUCTION: Repeat prostate biopsies in active surveillance patients are associated with significant complications. Novel imaging and blood/urine-based non-invasive tests are being developed to better predict disease grade and volume progression. We conducted a theoretical study to determine what test performance characteristics and costs would a non-invasive test(s) require in order for patients and their physicians to comfortably avoid biopsy. METHODS: Surveys were administered to two populations to determine an acceptable false-negative rate and cost for such test(s)...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336286/robotic-surgery-in-uro-oncology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Steffens, Ruban Thanigasalam, Scott Leslie, Bharvi Maneck, Jane M Young, Michael Solomon
Robotic surgery represents a new horizon in minimally invasive urologic surgery. This systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of robotic surgery compared with laparoscopic or open surgery for major uro-oncological procedures. Twenty-five articles reported findings from 8 trials of prostatectomy (4 trials) and cystectomy (4 trials) including 1033 participants. Robotic surgery is comparable with laparoscopic or open surgery for oncological outcomes and overall complications, and provides somewhat better functional outcome when compared with laparoscopic and open surgery...
March 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254473/precision-surgery-and-genitourinary-cancers
#3
REVIEW
R Autorino, F Porpiglia, P Dasgupta, J Rassweiler, J W Catto, L J Hampton, E Lima, V Mirone, I H Derweesh, F M J Debruyne
The landscape of the surgical management of urologic malignancies has dramatically changed over the past 20 years. On one side, better diagnostic and prognostic tools allowed better patient selection and more reliable surgical planning. On the other hand, the implementation of minimally invasive techniques and technologies, such as robot-assisted laparoscopy surgery and image-guided surgery, allowed minimizing surgical morbidity. Ultimately, these advances have translated into a more tailored approach to the management of urologic cancer patients...
May 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220328/the-provision-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-advice-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-and-views-of-health-care-professionals-patients-and-partners
#4
Eileen Sutton, Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Raj Persad, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: To explore the views and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs), men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and their partners about the provision of advice on diet and physical activity after diagnosis and treatment for localised prostate cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with ten HCPs (Consultant Urological Surgeons, Uro-Oncology Clinical Nurse Specialists and Allied Health Professionals: see Table 1) and sixteen men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and seven of their partners...
April 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035328/bladder-cancer-screening-in-lebanese-population-there-is-nothing-more-unequal-than-the-equal-treatment-of-unequal-people
#5
Mohammed Shahait, Muhammad Bulbul
Bladder cancer screening has been perplexing the uro-oncological community for the last decade. In this commentary, we ruminate on the feasibility of bladder cancer screening in our population based on epidemiological proponents.
October 27, 2016: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005154/-pathogenesis-of-urological-complications-after-radiation-therapy
#6
Y Tolkach, G Kristiansen
Radiation therapy is a treatment modality that is often used in the uro-oncological setting. The common indication for the radiation therapy in the urological sphere is prostate cancer, whether it is used primarily as a radical approach, or postoperatively as adjuvant or salvage therapy. All urological organs are sensitive to radiation injury with the urinary bladder being the most susceptible with a typical cascade including acute and late changes, arising in the dose-dependent manner. The common indication for radiation therapy in urology is prostate cancer, which collaterally affects the urinary bladder and rarely urethra (especially the bulbo-membranous urethra)...
March 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937057/radical-cystectomy-do-we-need-standardization
#7
Christian Ladurner, Evi Comploj, Emanuela Trenti, Salvatore Palermo, Alexander Pycha, Armin Pycha
The first series of radical cystectomy with a definition of surgical landmarks was published in 1949 and was characterized by a high perioperative mortality and a 5-year survival rate around 50%. Decades later, nevertheless many surgical progresses were made and the perioperative mortality dropped to 2,5%, this had not lead to an improvement of long term survival rates, also because a standardization of the procedure is still missing. Areas covered: Radical cystectomy is performed with different surgical techniques obmitting a standardization...
December 28, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902496/final-results-of-the-phase-iii-uro-bcg-4-multicenter-study-efficacy-and-tolerance-of-one-third-dose-bcg-maintenance-in-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#8
François X Nouhaud, Jérome Rigaud, Fabien Saint, Marc Colombel, Jacques Irani, Michel Soulie, Christian Pfister
The objective of this study was to assess at 3 years bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) maintenance treatment for NMIBC using one-third dose schedule and fewer instillations every 3 or 6 months. This was a phase III randomized study including patients with intermediate-risk or high-risk NMIBC, who received, after a full-dose induction schedule, three-weekly instillations of one-third dose BCG every 6 months (group I) and two-weekly instillations every 3 months (group II) during 3 years. We assessed oncological efficacy, BCG side effects, leukocyturia, and prostate-specific antigen...
March 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864361/causes-of-male-infertility-a-9-year-prospective-monocentre-study-on-1737-patients-with-reduced-total-sperm-counts
#9
M Punab, O Poolamets, P Paju, V Vihljajev, K Pomm, R Ladva, P Korrovits, M Laan
STUDY QUESTION: What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are few large-scale epidemiological studies analyzing the causes of male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective clinical-epidemiological study was conducted at the Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital between 2005 and 2013, recruiting male partners of couples failing to conceive a child for over ≥12 months...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815086/cytoreductive-nephrectomy-in-the-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-era-a-question-that-may-never-be-answered
#10
EDITORIAL
Grant D Stewart, Michael Aitchison, Axel Bex, James Larkin, Claire Lawless, Arnaud Méjean, Paul Nathan, Grenville Oades, Jean-Jacques Patard, James Paul, Alain Ravaud, Bernard Escudier
Despite great interest, two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of cytoreductive nephrectomy in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor setting in metastatic renal cell carcinoma have either closed early (SURTIME) or are recruiting very slowly (CARMENA) after 7 yr. Challenges in RCT delivery in uro-oncologic surgery are many. Multiple steps are needed to ensure strong recruitment to trials addressing important urologic cancer questions. Feasibility/pilot studies are key stepping stones towards successful delivery of surgical RCTs...
June 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778491/feasibility-of-robot-assisted-segmental-ureterectomy-and-ureteroureterostomy-in-patient-with-high-medical-comorbidity
#11
Ali Abdel Raheem, Atalla Alatawi, Dae Keun Kim, Abulhasan Sheikh, Koon Ho Rha
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nephroureterectomy remains the gold standard treatment option for upper tract tumors. However, segmental ureterectomy may be another option in patients with single kidney, borderline renal function or high medical comorbidities. The aim of this video is to assess the feasibility of robotic surgery as a minimally invasive technique in treatment of a high comorbid patient with ureteric tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-year old male patient, with a medical history of chronic hypertensive and uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus, was referred to our department for treatment of ureteric tumor...
October 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747478/patient-reported-outcomes-pro-focused-on-adverse-events-pro-aes-in-adjuvant-and-metastatic-breast-cancer-clinical-and-translational-implications
#12
Stefan Stefanovic, Markus Wallwiener, Uros Karic, Christoph Domschke, Luka Katic, Florin-Andrei Taran, Aleksandra Pesic, Andreas Hartkopf, Peyman Hadji, Martin Teufel, Florian Schuetz, Christof Sohn, Peter Fasching, Andreas Schneeweiss, Sara Brucker
PURPOSE: The capture of adequate treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL) of advanced breast cancer patients in clinical routine represents a great challenge. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are data elements directly reported by patients about experiences with care, including symptoms, functional status, or quality of life. There is growing interest in the medical community for the evaluation and implementation of PROs of adverse events (PRO-AEs). Recent interest in PROs in health care has evolved in the context of patient centeredness...
February 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738628/beyond-penile-cancer-is-there-a-role-for-sentinel-node-biopsy-in-urological-malignancies
#13
REVIEW
O R Brouwer, H G van der Poel, R F Bevers, E J van Gennep, S Horenblas
This review aims to discuss the current state-of-the-art of sentinel node (SN) mapping in urological malignancies. The principles and methodological aspects of lymphatic mapping and SN biopsy in urological malignancies are reviewed. Literature search was restricted to English language. The references of the retrieved articles were examined to identify additional articles. The review also includes meta-analyses published in the past 5 years. SN biopsy for penile cancer is recommended by the European Association of Urology as the preferred staging tool for clinically node-negative patients with at least T1G2 tumours (level of evidence 2a, Grade B)...
2016: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681491/basic-methods-for-the-assessment-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-uro-oncological-patients
#14
Roman Sosnowski, Marta Kulpa, Mariola Kosowicz, Fabrizio Presicce, Francesco Porpiglia, Andrea Tubaro, Cosimo De Nunzio, Tomasz Demkow
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of patients' expectations and quality of life in uro-oncology is considered an important outcome of treatment efficacy and satisfaction. Aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the most frequently adopted tools in uro-oncology to assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search until October 2015 was performed on MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PubMed combining the following terms: "quality of life", "health related quality of life", "kidney cancer", "bladder cancer", "prostate cancer"...
September 28, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576438/changes-in-oncological-outcomes-after-radical-nephroureterectomy-in-patients-with-upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-treated-in-the-last-two-decades-a-retrospective-analysis-based-on-a-multicenter-collaborative-study
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Makito Miyake, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Kiyohide Fujimoto, Kazuhiro Nagao, Shigeru Sakano, Hideyasu Matsuyama, Teruo Inamoto, Haruhito Azuma, Hiroaki Yasumoto, Hiroaki Shiina
OBJECTIVE: We investigated chronological changes in the outcomes of patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma treated in the past two decades, during which there was an important change in treatment paradigm. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 1180 urinary tract urothelial carcinoma patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy in multicenter collaborative institutions between 1996 and 2015. The patients were divided into four groups according to the year when radical nephroureterectomy was performed, as follows: 1996-2000 (period 1; P1), 2001-05 (P2), 2006-10 (P3) and 2011-15 (P4)...
December 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545448/safety-of-fondaparinux-for-prevention-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-urological-malignancy-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Kenichi Hata, Takahiro Kimura, Shunsuke Tsuzuki, Gen Ishii, Masahito Kido, Toshihiro Yamamoto, Hiroshi Sasaki, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Akira Furuta, Kenta Miki, Shin Egawa
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the safety of postoperative fondaparinux in comparison with low molecular weight heparin in patients undergoing uro-oncological surgery. METHODS: The present study was a prospective, single-blind, non-inferiority randomized trial. A total of 359 patients undergoing surgery for urological malignancy were enrolled from January 2011 to December 2012. A total of 298 of these patients (fondaparinux group, 152; low molecular weight heparin group, 146) were evaluable for the intention-to-treat-analysis...
August 21, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544669/enzalutamide-as-a-fourth-or-fifth-line-treatment-option-for-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sushil K Badrising, Vincent van der Noort, Paul Hamberg, Jules L L M Coenen, Maureen J Aarts, Inge M van Oort, Alfons J M van den Eertwegh, Maartje Los, H Pieter van den Berg, Hans Gelderblom, Suzan Vrijaldenhoven, Emile D Kerver, Theo van Voorthuizen, Igle J de Jong, John B Haanen, Andries M Bergman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of enzalutamide (Enz) as fourth- or fifth-line treatment in men with metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), by analyzing a retrospective cohort of heavily pretreated patients. METHODS: We evaluated toxicity, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression data from 47 CRPC patients treated with fourth- or fifth-line Enz. RESULTS: All patients were treated with docetaxel and abiraterone acetate and 42 patients (89%) with cabazitaxel...
2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530156/nurse-led-group-consultation-intervention-reduces-depressive-symptoms-in-men-with-localised-prostate-cancer-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Penelope Schofield, Karla Gough, Kerryann Lotfi-Jam, Rebecca Bergin, Anna Ugalde, Paul Dudgeon, Wallace Crellin, Kathryn Schubach, Farshard Foroudi, Keen Hun Tai, Gillian Duchesne, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Sanchia Aranda
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy for localised prostate cancer has many known and distressing side effects. The efficacy of group interventions for reducing psychological morbidity is lacking. This study investigated the relative benefits of a group nurse-led intervention on psychological morbidity, unmet needs, treatment-related concerns and prostate cancer-specific quality of life in men receiving curative intent radiotherapy for prostate cancer. METHODS: This phase III, two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial included 331 men (consent rate: 72 %; attrition: 5 %) randomised to the intervention (n = 166) or usual care (n = 165)...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474375/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-versus-open-radical-retropubic-prostatectomy-early-outcomes-from-a-randomised-controlled-phase-3-study
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John W Yaxley, Geoffrey D Coughlin, Suzanne K Chambers, Stefano Occhipinti, Hema Samaratunga, Leah Zajdlewicz, Nigel Dunglison, Rob Carter, Scott Williams, Diane J Payton, Joanna Perry-Keene, Martin F Lavin, Robert A Gardiner
BACKGROUND: The absence of trial data comparing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy is a crucial knowledge gap in uro-oncology. We aimed to compare these two approaches in terms of functional and oncological outcomes and report the early postoperative outcomes at 12 weeks. METHOD: In this randomised controlled phase 3 study, men who had newly diagnosed clinically localised prostate cancer and who had chosen surgery as their treatment approach, were able to read and speak English, had no previous history of head injury, dementia, or psychiatric illness or no other concurrent cancer, had an estimated life expectancy of 10 years or more, and were aged between 35 years and 70 years were eligible and recruited from the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (Brisbane, QLD)...
September 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442410/5-uro-oncology-winter-congress
#20
Momir Polenakovic, Zivko Popov
The 5th Uro-oncology Winter Congress was held in Skopje, at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts on January 30 - February 03, 2013. The Congress was co-organized by the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Istanbul University, the Turkish Urology Association, Macedonian Society of Urology and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Macedonia. Topics of the Congress were tumors of urinary tract (kidney, vesica urinaria) and prostate. The latest achievements in the diagnosis and treatment of the above-mentioned disease were presented...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
keyword
keyword
72641
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"