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Brain mapping dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742582/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-stroke-associated-infection-and-stroke-induced-immunodepression
#1
Xabier Urra, Carlos Laredo, Yashu Zhao, Sergio Amaro, Salvatore Rudilosso, Arturo Renú, Alberto Prats-Galino, Anna M Planas, Laura Oleaga, Ángel Chamorro
BACKGROUND: Infections represent the most frequent medical complications in stroke patients. Their main determinants are dysphagia and a transient state of immunodepression. We analyzed whether distinct anatomical brain regions were associated with the occurrence of stroke-associated infections or immunodepression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 106 patients with acute ischemic stroke, we evaluated the incidence of pneumonia, urinary tract infection, or other infections together with the characterization of biomarkers of immunodepression...
October 11, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24586948/altered-cortical-swallowing-processing-in-patients-with-functional-dysphagia-a-preliminary-study
#2
Sonja Suntrup, Inga Teismann, Andreas Wollbrink, Tobias Warnecke, Martin Winkels, Christo Pantev, Rainer Dziewas
OBJECTIVE: Current neuroimaging research on functional disturbances provides growing evidence for objective neuronal correlates of allegedly psychogenic symptoms, thereby shifting the disease concept from a psychological towards a neurobiological model. Functional dysphagia is such a rare condition, whose pathogenetic mechanism is largely unknown. In the absence of any organic reason for a patient's persistent swallowing complaints, sensorimotor processing abnormalities involving central neural pathways constitute a potential etiology...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24576696/changes-in-hemodynamic-signals-accompanying-motor-imagery-and-motor-execution-of-swallowing-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#3
S E Kober, G Wood
In the present study we investigated hemodynamic changes in the brain in response to motor execution (ME) and motor imagery (MI) of swallowing using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Previous studies provide evidence that ME and MI of limb movements lead to comparable brain activation patterns indicating the potential value of MI for motor rehabilitation. In this context, identifying brain correlates of MI of swallowing may be potentially useful for the treatment of dysphagia. Fourteen healthy participants actively swallowed water (ME) and mentally imagined to swallow water (MI) in a randomized order while changes in concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) were assessed...
June 2014: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24297761/altered-resting-state-functional-and-white-matter-tract-connectivity-in-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia
#4
Shasha Li, Zhenxing Ma, Shipeng Tu, Muke Zhou, Sihan Chen, Zhiwei Guo, Qiyong Gong, Li He, Xiaoqi Huang, Dezhong Yao, Su Lui, Bo Yu, Xiaotong Wang, Dong Zhou, Chengqi He
BACKGROUND: Swallowing dysfunction is intractable after acute stroke. Our understanding of the alterations in neural networks of patients with neurogenic dysphagia is still developing. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate cerebral cortical functional connectivity and subcortical structural connectivity related to swallowing in unilateral hemispheric stroke patients with dysphagia. METHODS: We combined a resting-state functional connectivity with a white matter tract connectivity approach, recording 12 hemispheric stroke patients with dysphagia, 12 hemispheric stroke patients without dysphagia, and 12 healthy controls...
March 2014: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24034408/distribution-of-the-corticobulbar-tract-in-the-internal-capsule
#5
Soo Hwan Yim, Jong Hun Kim, Zee-A Han, Seun Jeon, Jeong Hee Cho, Gyu Sik Kim, Sun-Ah Choi, Jun Hong Lee
It is generally thought that the corticobulbar tract descends through the genu of the internal capsule (IC). There have been several reports that genu lesions cause bulbar symptoms such as facial palsies, dysarthria, and dysphagia. However, the precise location of the corticobulbar tract in the IC remains controversial. The purpose of our study is to assess whether the corticobulbar tract passes through the IC genu. We reviewed 26 patients with selective IC infarction and located the sites related to bulbar symptoms...
November 15, 2013: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24009758/a-study-of-brain-networks-associated-with-swallowing-using-graph-theoretical-approaches
#6
Bo Luan, Peter Sörös, Ervin Sejdić
Functional connectivity between brain regions during swallowing tasks is still not well understood. Understanding these complex interactions is of great interest from both a scientific and a clinical perspective. In this study, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was utilized to study brain functional networks during voluntary saliva swallowing in twenty-two adult healthy subjects (all females, [Formula: see text] years of age). To construct these functional connections, we computed mean partial correlation matrices over ninety brain regions for each participant...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23800793/magnetoencephalographic-evidence-for-the-modulation-of-cortical-swallowing-processing-by-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sonja Suntrup, Inga Teismann, Andreas Wollbrink, Martin Winkels, Tobias Warnecke, Agnes Flöel, Christo Pantev, Rainer Dziewas
Swallowing is a complex neuromuscular task that is processed within multiple regions of the human brain. Rehabilitative treatment options for dysphagia due to neurological diseases are limited. Because the potential for adaptive cortical changes in compensation of disturbed swallowing is recognized, neuromodulation techniques like transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are currently considered as a treatment option. Here we evaluate the effect of tDCS on cortical swallowing network activity and behavior...
December 2013: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22189203/which-cortical-area-is-related-to-the-development-of-dysphagia-after-stroke-a-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-study-using-novel-analytic-methods
#8
Ryo Momosaki, Masahiro Abo, Wataru Kakuda, Go Uruma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify cortical areas related to the development of dysphagia in poststroke patients using novel analytic methods for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty poststroke patients (age: 66.1 ± 5.1 years) with a left hemispheric lesion were studied. According to clinical evaluation, patients were divided into a dysphagia group (n = 10) and a control group (n = 10). In each patient, measurement of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was performed by SPECT imaging with a 99mTc-ethylcysteinate dimer...
2012: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22076444/brain-activation-during-oral-exercises-used-for-dysphagia-rehabilitation-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#9
Emiko Ogura, Miwa Matsuyama, Tazuko K Goto, Yuko Nakamura, Kiyoshi Koyano
Oral exercises, including tongue, lip, and jaw movements, are commonly used in clinical practice as training to improve oral and pharyngeal swallowing in dysphagia patients. These rehabilitation exercises are believed to affect the peripheral and central nervous system at various levels. However, few studies have examined healthy subjects' brain activity while performing oral exercises used in dysphagia rehabilitation. The current study sought to measure brain activation during oral exercises in healthy subjects using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
September 2012: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21392404/cortical-swallowing-processing-in-early-subacute-stroke
#10
Inga K Teismann, Sonja Suntrup, Tobias Warnecke, Olaf Steinsträter, Maren Fischer, Agnes Flöel, E Bernd Ringelstein, Christo Pantev, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a major complication in hemispheric as well as brainstem stroke patients causing aspiration pneumonia and increased mortality. Little is known about the recovery from dysphagia after stroke. The aim of the present study was to determine the different patterns of cortical swallowing processing in patients with hemispheric and brainstem stroke with and without dysphagia in the early subacute phase. METHODS: We measured brain activity by mean of whole-head MEG in 37 patients with different stroke localisation 8...
2011: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21115469/neuroanatomical-characteristics-of-the-human-pre-b%C3%A3-tzinger-complex-and-its-involvement-in-neurodegenerative-brainstem-diseases
#11
Stephan W Schwarzacher, Udo Rüb, Thomas Deller
The pre-Bötzinger complex has been identified as an essential part of the medullary respiratory network in mammals. Although well described in experimental animals, its localization in the human brain has remained elusive. Using serially sectioned brainstems from 19 normal individuals and patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases (multiple system atrophy, n = 10; spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, n = 8), we have identified a circumscribed area of the ventrolateral medulla that represents the human homologue of the pre-Bötzinger complex and have mapped its longitudinal and horizontal extents...
January 2011: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21111672/dysfunction-of-bulbar-central-pattern-generator-in-als-patients-with-dysphagia-during-sequential-deglutition
#12
Ibrahim Aydogdu, Zeynep Tanriverdi, Cumhur Ertekin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate a probable dysfunction of the central pattern generator (CPG) in dysphagic patients with ALS. METHODS: We investigated 58 patients with ALS, 23 patients with PD, and 33 normal subjects. The laryngeal movements and EMG of the submental muscles were recorded during sequential water swallowing (SWS) of 100ml of water. The coordination of SWS and respiration was also studied in some normal cases and ALS patients. RESULTS: Normal subjects could complete the SWS optimally within 10s using 7 swallows, while in dysphagic ALS patients, the total duration and the number of swallows were significantly increased...
June 2011: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20479519/hyolaryngeal-excursion-as-the-physiological-source-of-swallowing-accelerometry-signals
#13
D C B Zoratto, T Chau, C M Steele
Swallowing dysfunction, or dysphagia, is a serious condition that can result from any structural or neurological impairment (such as stroke, neurodegenerative disease or brain injury) that affects the swallowing mechanism. The gold-standard method of instrumental swallowing assessment is an x-ray examination known as the videofluoroscopic swallowing study, which involves radiation exposure. Consequently, there is interest in exploring the potential of less invasive methods, with lesser risks of biohazard, to accurately detect swallowing abnormalities...
June 2010: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20179392/visual-and-auditory-stimuli-associated-with-swallowing-an-fmri-study
#14
Takeshi Kawai, Yutaka Watanabe, Morio Tonogi, Gen-yuki Yamane, Shinichi Abe, Yoshiaki Yamada, Akiko Callan
We focused on brain areas activated by audiovisual stimuli related to swallowing motions. In this study, three kinds of stimuli related to human swallowing movement (auditory stimuli alone, visual stimuli alone, or audiovisual stimuli) were presented to the subjects, and activated brain areas were measured using fMRI and analyzed. When auditory stimuli alone were presented, the supplementary motor area was activated. When visual stimuli alone were presented, the premotor and primary motor areas of the left and right hemispheres and prefrontal area of the left hemisphere were activated...
2009: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19922114/structural-and-functional-changes-mapped-in-the-brains-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-with-without-dysphagia-a-pilot-study
#15
Shasha Li, Qin Chen, Bo Yu, Kaiqing Xue, Cheng Luo, Yanming Xu, Qiyong Gong, Chengqi He, Dong Zhou, Li He, Dezhong Yao
The purpose of this study was to explore cerebral structural and functional changes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with or without dysphagia compared with healthy adults. In total, five ALS patients with dysphagia, five ALS patients without dysphagia and 10 healthy controls were evaluated using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) and event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while laryngeal swallow-related movements were recorded. The fMRI data were analysed using the general linear model to gain the differential statistical map (two-sample t-test) for each group...
October 2009: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19602264/measurement-of-pharyngeal-sensory-cortical-processing-technique-and-physiologic-implications
#16
Inga K Teismann, Olaf Steinstraeter, Tobias Warnecke, E Bernd Ringelstein, Christo Pantev, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a major complication of different diseases affecting both the central and peripheral nervous system. Pharyngeal sensory impairment is one of the main features of neurogenic dysphagia. Therefore an objective technique to examine the cortical processing of pharyngeal sensory input would be a helpful diagnostic tool in this context. We developed a simple paradigm to perform pneumatic stimulation to both sides of the pharyngeal wall. Whole-head MEG was employed to study changes in cortical activation during this pharyngeal stimulation in nine healthy subjects...
2009: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19566955/tactile-thermal-oral-stimulation-increases-the-cortical-representation-of-swallowing
#17
Inga K Teismann, Olaf Steinsträter, Tobias Warnecke, Sonja Suntrup, Erich B Ringelstein, Christo Pantev, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a leading complication in stroke patients causing aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition and increased mortality. Current strategies of swallowing therapy involve on the one hand modification of eating behaviour or swallowing technique and on the other hand facilitation of swallowing with the use of pharyngeal sensory stimulation. Thermal tactile oral stimulation (TTOS) is an established method to treat patients with neurogenic dysphagia especially if caused by sensory deficits...
2009: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19369872/cortical-input-in-control-of-swallowing
#18
REVIEW
Emilia Michou, Shaheen Hamdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents a current synopsis of newer research in cortical control of swallowing and its relationship to advancing knowledge in the field of human swallowing neurophysiology. The intent is to highlight recent findings and to stimulate potential research questions not yet investigated. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in human brain imaging have led to a wealth of newer insights into the cortical and subcortical control of human swallowing...
June 2009: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19217203/bilateral-basal-ganglia-and-unilateral-cortical-involvement-in-a-diabetic-uremic-patient
#19
Chang Hyo Yoon, Jung Im Seok, Dong Kuck Lee, Gee Sung An
We report a 57-year-old woman with uremic encephalopathy who presented with dysarthria, dysphagia, hypophonia, and drowsiness. The patient's radiologic findings were rather unusual in that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed abnormal findings involving the basal ganglia bilaterally and frontal cortex unilaterally. After intensified hemodialysis, her symptoms and follow-up brain MRI showed marked improvement. We postulated that the underlying mechanism of uremic encephalopathy based on diffusion-weighted imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient maps...
June 2009: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19145549/-cajoling-as-a-means-of-engagement-in-the-dysphagia-clinic
#20
Irene P Walsh, Margaret M Leahy
Rapport and cooperation are key features of many clinical interactions including those of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and clients. A desirable by-product of rapport can be described as "engagement" where participants share a mutual focus while working toward a common goal. Through an analysis of clinical discourse, this article maps the trajectory of engagement as manifest in interactions between a SLP and a client with right hemisphere damage and dysphagia. The analysis shows that, in response to some apparently inappropriate comments made by the client, the SLP responded with teasing or what she called "cajoling" behavior...
February 2009: Seminars in Speech and Language
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