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Ob/Gyn Ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966600/retained-products-of-conception-an-atypical-presentation-diagnosed-immediately-with-bedside-emergency-ultrasound
#1
Kristin Adkins, Joseph Minardi, Erin Setzer, Debra Williams
Background. Retained products of conception is an important diagnosis to consider in patients presenting with postpartum complaints. Bedside ultrasound is a rapid, accurate, noninvasive modality to evaluate these patients. Objective. To report an atypical case of retained products of conception diagnosed with bedside ultrasound in the emergency department. Case Report. A 27-year-old female who was 1-month postpartum presented with vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and no fever. At the time of initial H&P, bedside ultrasound revealed echogenic material within the endometrial cavity with blood flow seen by color Doppler consistent with retained products of conception...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26282069/a-thick-corpus-callosum-visualized-in-the-second-trimester-can-be-transient-and-of-uncertain-significance
#2
S Shinar, J Har-Tov, T Lerman-Sagie, G Malinger
OBJECTIVES: The depiction of a thick corpus callosum (CC) in utero is rare and it is frequently associated with severe brain anomalies. The purpose of this report is to describe a group of fetuses diagnosed during a 2nd trimester ultrasound examination as having an apparently isolated thick CC that subsequently normalized. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study we included all fetuses with a suspected anomaly of the CC referred to the OB-GYN Ultrasound Division of Lis Maternity Hospital between 1/2013-6/2014...
August 18, 2015: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26254157/obstetric-and-gynecologic-resident-ultrasound-education-project-is-the-current-level-of-gynecologic-ultrasound-training-in-canada-meeting-the-needs-of-residents-and-faculty
#3
Jessica Green, Meldon Kahan, Suzanne Wong
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound is a critical diagnostic imaging tool in obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn). Obstetric ultrasound is taught during residency, but we suspected a gap in Gyn ultrasound education. Proficiency in Gyn ultrasound allows real-time interpretation and management of pelvic disease and facilitates technical skill development for trainees learning blinded procedures. This study sought to evaluate ultrasound education in Canada's Ob/Gyn residency programs and assess whether residents and physicians perceived a need for a formalized Gyn ultrasound curriculum...
September 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26198334/use-of-simulators-to-explore-specialty-recommendation-for-a-palpable-breast-mass
#4
Shlomi Laufer, Rebecca D Ray, Anne-Lise D D'Angelo, Grace F Jones, Carla M Pugh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate recommendation patterns of different specialties for the work-up of a palpable breast mass using simulated scenarios and clinical breast examination models. METHODS: Study participants were a convenience sample of physicians (n = 318) attending annual surgical, family practice, and obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) conferences. Two different silicone-based breast models (superficial mass vs chest wall mass) were used to test clinical breast examination skills and recommendation patterns (imaging, tissue sampling, and follow-up)...
October 2015: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25580809/sustained-effect-of-simulation-based-ultrasound-training-on-clinical-performance-a-randomized-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M G Tolsgaard, C Ringsted, E Dreisler, L N Nørgaard, J H Petersen, M E Madsen, N L C Freiesleben, J L Sørensen, A Tabor
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of initial simulation-based transvaginal sonography (TVS) training compared with clinical training only, on the clinical performance of residents in obstetrics and gynecology (Ob-Gyn), assessed 2 months into their residency. METHODS: In a randomized study, new Ob-Gyn residents (n = 33) with no prior ultrasound experience were recruited from three teaching hospitals. Participants were allocated to either simulation-based training followed by clinical training (intervention group; n = 18) or clinical training only (control group; n = 15)...
September 2015: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25574868/development-of-a-novel-task-trainer-for-second-trimester-ultrasound-guided-uterine-evacuation
#6
Kristina M Shumard, Ugochi N Akoma, Linda M Street, Brian C Brost, Joshua F Nitsche
INTRODUCTION: Second trimester surgical termination of pregnancy by dilation and evacuation (D&E) is a procedure that the Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) Residency Review Committee requires training programs to offer to their residents and that many residents desire to learn. However, because of limited numbers of credentialed providers, clinical training opportunities may be limited or not available at their training institutions. Simulated procedures may allow for residents and other learners to be more prepared and capable at the time of their first clinical procedures or advanced skill acquisition...
February 2015: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25371904/ovarian-cancer-screening-practices-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-in-puerto-rico
#7
Gianni Rodríguez-Ayala, Josefina Romaguera, Mariel López, Ana P Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal malignancy of the female genital tract and is associated with high mortality. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend against screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic, average-risk women. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ovarian cancer screening practices in asymptomatic, average-risk women among obstetricians and gynecologists (Ob/Gyn) in Puerto Rico...
2014: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25104126/a-survey-of-fetal-care-centers-in-the-united-states
#8
J C Kett, D E Woodrum, D S Diekema
OBJECTIVE: Fetal care centers have recently emerged in affiliation with children's hospitals throughout the United States. Few studies have evaluated this new multidisciplinary model of care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a survey of multidisciplinary fetal care centers in the United States; survey data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: 59 centers were identified; 29 centers (49%) returned completed surveys. Most centers are located in a children's hospital (54%), and the majority of centers (76%) opened in the past 10 years...
January 1, 2014: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24789453/assessment-of-performance-measures-and-learning-curves-for-use-of-a-virtual-reality-ultrasound-simulator-in-transvaginal-ultrasound-examination
#9
M E Madsen, L Konge, L N Nørgaard, A Tabor, C Ringsted, A K Klemmensen, B Ottesen, M G Tolsgaard
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity and reliability of performance measures, develop credible performance standards and explore learning curves for a virtual-reality simulator designed for transvaginal gynecological ultrasound examination. METHODS: A group of 16 ultrasound novices, along with a group of 12 obstetrics/gynecology (Ob/Gyn) consultants, were included in this experimental study. The first two performances of the two groups on seven selected modules on a high-fidelity ultrasound simulator were used to identify valid and reliable metrics...
December 2014: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24187708/premium-sound-six-top-of-the-line-portable-ultrasound-scanners
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
At the high end of the portable ultrasound market, many models can do just about everything a conventional full-size system can do, Including meeting the unique needs of various applications. Find out how six of these models stack up when used in abdominal/small parts, echocardiography, OB/GYN, and peripheral vascular applications.
September 2013: Health Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23993940/a-case-of-hickam-s-dictum-concurrent-appendicitis-and-ectopic-pregnancy
#11
Joseph D Pate, Dana Kindermann, Kori Hudson
BACKGROUND: Both ectopic pregnancy and appendicitis are surgical emergencies that should be considered in female patients who present with right lower-quadrant pain. Deciding on the appropriate imaging modality in the pregnant patient can be difficult. The challenge of diagnosis is compounded when one considers that both pathologies may be present simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: We present a case demonstrating co-occurrence of ectopic pregnancy and appendicitis and suggest an algorithm for evaluation and management of cases with this presentation...
November 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23631837/routine-ultrasound-examination-by-ob-gyn-residents-increase-the-accuracy-of-diagnosis-for-emergency-surgery-in-gynecology
#12
Flavie Toret-Labeeuw, Cyrille Huchon, Thomas Popowski, Anne A Chantry, Alexandre Dumont, Arnaud Fauconnier
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic accuracy of first-line sonographic evaluation by obstetrics/gynecology residents in determining the need for emergency surgery in women with acute pelvic pain is unknown. Aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of routine ultrasound evaluation by obstetrics/gynecology residents, available 24 hours a day, in patients with acute pelvic pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent emergency laparoscopy for acute pelvic pain at a teaching hospital gynecologic emergency unit, between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2006...
2013: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23528190/the-benefits-of-family-planning-training-a-10-year-review-of-the-ryan-residency-training-program
#13
Jody E Steinauer, Jema K Turk, Maura C Fulton, Kristin H Simonson, Uta Landy
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effect of routine, opt-out abortion and family planning training on clinical exposure to uterine evacuation, contraception and other gynecologic skills. METHODS: Data from the first 10 years of the Kenneth J. Ryan Residency Training Program in Abortion and Family Planning were analyzed. Pre- and postrotation surveys assessed residents' experience with abortion, contraception and other gynecologic skills. Thirty-nine residency program director surveys were analyzed to assess benefits of the training from the educators' perspective...
August 2013: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23062522/opting-out-of-abortion-training-benefits-of-partial-participation-in-a-dedicated-family-planning-rotation-for-ob-gyn-residents
#14
Jody E Steinauer, Mitchel Hawkins, Jema K Turk, Phil Darney, Felisa Preskill, Uta Landy
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to describe the experiences of residents who opt out of some components of a dedicated abortion rotation. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible residents at programs receiving funding from the Kenneth J. Ryan Residency Training Program in Abortion and Family Planning were invited to complete a cross-sectional, online survey. RESULTS: The majority of residents who opted out of some portion of the family planning training reported that the rotation positively affected skills in pregnancy options counseling, cervical dilation, first-trimester ultrasound, techniques of first-trimester uterine evacuation and other skills...
January 2013: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22944075/modification-of-the-hand-held-vscan-ultrasound-and-verification-of-its-performance-for-transvaginal-applications
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J M Troyano Luque, O Ferrer-Roca, M J Barco-Marcellán, R Sabatel López, T Pérez-Medina, F R Pérez-Lopez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to validate a new clinical obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) application for a hand-held ultrasound (US) device. We modified the smallest hand-held device on the market and tested the system for transvaginal (TV) use. This device was originally conceived for abdominal scanning only. METHODS: The validation involved 80 successive patients examined by the same operator: 25 obstetric and 55 gynecologic cases. US examination was performed transvaginally with two US systems: the hand-held Vscan (General Electrics; GE Vingmed Ultrasound; Norway) for which an intravaginal gadget TTGP-2010® (Troyano transvaginal gadget probe) was designed, and the Voluson 730 Expert (multifrequency transvaginal ultrasound of 3-9MHz; GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA)...
January 2013: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22578481/depression-during-pregnancy-among-young-couples-the-effect-of-personal-and-partner-experiences-of-stressors-and-the-buffering-effects-of-social-relationships
#16
Anna A Divney, Heather Sipsma, Derrick Gordon, Linda Niccolai, Urania Magriples, Trace Kershaw
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between personal and romantic partner's experiences of stressful life events and depression during pregnancy, and the social moderators of this relationship, among 296 young couples with low incomes from urban areas. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We recruited couples who were expecting a baby from four ob/gyn and ultrasound clinics in southern Connecticut; women were ages 14-21 and male partners were 14+. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We analyzed self-reports of stressful events in the previous six months, depression in the past week and current interpersonal social supports...
June 2012: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22470779/educational-treasures-in-radiology-a-free-online-program-for-radiology-boards-preparation
#17
Roland Talanow
PURPOSE: An objective tool is desired, which optimally prepares for Radiology boards examination. Such program should prepare examinees with pertinent radiological contents and simulations as expected in the real examination. BACKGROUND: Many countries require written boards examinations for Radiology certification eligibility. No objective measure exists to tell if the examinee is ready to pass the exam or not. Time pressure and computer environment might be unfamiliar to examinees...
2011: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19561936/assessing-the-utility-of-ultrasound-in-liberia
#18
Simon Kotlyar, Christopher L Moore
Sub-Saharan Africa has sparse imaging capacity, and data on ultrasound (US) use is limited. We collected prospective data on consecutive patients undergoing US to assess disease spectrum and US utility in Liberia. A total of 102 patients were prospectively enrolled. Average age was 33 years (0-84), 80% were female. US indications were: 53% Obstetrics/Gynecology (OB/GYN) (24% gynecologic, 17% second/third trimester, 12% first trimester), 14% hepatobiliary, 10% intraperitoneal/intrathoracic fluid, 8% cardiac, 5% focused assessment of sonography in trauma, and 4% renal...
January 2008: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19362034/-accuracy-of-ultrasound-estimated-fetal-weight-performed-by-ob-gyn-residents-at-due-date
#19
A Houzé de l'Aulnoit, E Closset, P Deruelle
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound fetal weight prediction at due date and to find parameters that may affect this prediction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 201 patients at due date in a university hospital in 2006, the fetal weight estimation being performed by Obstetric-gynecology (OB-Gyn). Estimated fetal weight was calculated with the Hadlock's formula, including biparietal diameter, cephalic circumference, abdominal perimeter and femoral length and was compared with birth weight...
April 2009: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18499411/enhancing-obstetric-and-gynecology-ultrasound-images-by-adaptation-of-the-speckle-reducing-anisotropic-diffusion-filter
#20
Cristian Munteanu, Francisco Cabrera Morales, Javier González Fernández, Agostinho Rosa, Luís Gómez Déniz
OBJECTIVE: So far there is no ideal speckle reduction filtering technique that is capable of enhancing and reducing the level of noise in medical ultrasound (US) images, while efficiently responding to medical experts' validation criteria which quite often include a subjective component. This paper presents an interactive tool called evolutionary speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion filter (EVOSRAD) that performs adaptive speckle filtering on ultrasound B-mode still images. The medical expert runs the algorithm interactively, having a permanent control over the output, and guiding the filtering process towards obtaining enhanced images that agree to his/her subjective quality criteria...
July 2008: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
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