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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746406/multiple-approaches-to-understanding-the-taxonomic-status-of-an-enigmatic-new-scorpion-species-of-the-genus-tityus-buthidae-from-the-biogeographic-island-of-paraje-tres-cerros-argentina
#1
Andrés A Ojanguren-Affilastro, Renzo S Adilardi, Rodrigo Cajade, Martín J Ramírez, F Sara Ceccarelli, Liliana M Mola
Tityus curupi n. sp., belonging to the bolivianus complex, is described from the biogeographically distinct area of Paraje Tres Cerros in north-eastern Argentina. We also present a molecular species delimitation analysis between Tityus curupi n. sp. and its sister species Tityus uruguayensis Borelli 1901 to confirm species integrity. Furthermore, a cytogenetic analysis is presented for these two species which contain different multivalent associations in meiosis, as a consequence of chromosome rearrangements, and the highest chromosome numbers in the genus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733340/biological-age-is-better-than-chronological-as-predictor-of-3-month-outcome-in-ischemic-stroke
#2
Carolina Soriano-Tárraga, Marina Mola-Caminal, Eva Giralt-Steinhauer, Angel Ois, Ana Rodríguez-Campello, Elisa Cuadrado-Godia, Alejandra Gómez-González, Rosa M Vivanco-Hidalgo, Israel Fernández-Cadenas, Natalia Cullell, Jaume Roquer, Jordi Jiménez-Conde
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of age-related DNA methylation changes in multiple cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites (biological age [b-age]) on patient outcomes at 3 months after an ischemic stroke. METHODS: We included 511 patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke assessed at Hospital del Mar (Barcelona, Spain) as the discovery cohort. Demographic and clinical data, including chronological age (c-age), vascular risk factors, initial stroke severity, recanalization treatment, and previous and 3-month modified Rankin Scale (p-mRS and 3-mRS, respectively) were registered...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718203/landscape-effects-on-pollination-networks-in-mediterranean-gypsum-islands
#3
Silvia Santamaría, Ana M Sánchez, Jesús López-Angulo, Concepción Ornosa, Iñaki Mola, Adrián Escudero
Habitat fragmentation is a major driver of global change that has operated historically on Mediterranean ecosystems. However, more needs to be understood about how fragmentation influences ecological interactions, particularly pollination. Gypsum outcrops are historically fragmented Mediterranean habitats and settings for the evolution of many endangered soil-specialist plants with narrow ranges. In this study, we aimed to determine how fragmentation (area and connectivity) affects: (i) the pollinator community composition, and (ii) the structural properties of pollination networks; and whether there are differences in the effects of fragmentation on: (iii) the number of interactions and visits among pollinator functional groups; and (iv) the number of interactions and specialization degree between soil-specialist and soil-generalist plants...
July 17, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714952/a-circuit-based-mechanism-underlying-familiarity-signaling-and-the-preference-for-novelty
#4
Susanna Molas, Rubing Zhao-Shea, Liwang Liu, Steven R DeGroot, Paul D Gardner, Andrew R Tapper
Novelty preference (NP) is an evolutionarily conserved, essential survival mechanism often dysregulated in neuropsychiatric disorders. NP is mediated by a motivational dopamine signal that increases in response to novel stimuli, thereby driving exploration. However, the mechanism by which once-novel stimuli transition to familiar stimuli is unknown. Here we describe a neuroanatomical substrate for familiarity signaling, the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN) of the midbrain, which is activated as novel stimuli become familiar with multiple exposures...
July 17, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711461/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-evaluation-of-their-monitoring-in-clinical-practice-the-spanish-cohort-of-the-comora-study
#5
Alejandro Balsa, Leticia Lojo-Oliveira, Mercedes Alperi-López, María García-Manrique, Carmen Ordóñez-Cañizares, Lorena Pérez, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, Alfonso Corrales, Javier Narváez, José Rey-Rey, Carlos Rodríguez-Lozano, Soledad Ojeda, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Joan M Nolla, José García-Torrón, Fernando Gamero, Rosario García-Vicuña, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, José Campos, José Rosas, José Francisco García-Llorente, Antonio Gómez-Centeno, Rafael Cáliz, Raimon Sanmartí, Alberto Bermúdez, Lydia Abasolo-Alcázar, Antonio Fernández-Nebro, Luis Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Carlos Marras, Miguel Ángel González-Gay, Ihsane Hmamouchi, Emilio Martín-Mola
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression...
July 12, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698679/raman-scattering-excitation-spectroscopy-of-monolayer-ws2
#6
Maciej R Molas, Karol Nogajewski, Marek Potemski, Adam Babiński
Resonant Raman scattering is investigated in monolayer WS2 at low temperature with the aid of an unconventional technique, i.e., Raman scattering excitation (RSE) spectroscopy. The RSE spectrum is made up by sweeping the excitation energy, when the detection energy is fixed in resonance with excitonic transitions related to either neutral or charged excitons. We demonstrate that the shape of the RSE spectrum strongly depends on the selected detection energy. The resonance of outgoing light with the neutral exciton leads to an extremely rich RSE spectrum, which displays several Raman scattering features not reported so far, while no clear effect on the associated background photoluminescence is observed...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690598/large-diversity-and-original-structures-of-acyl-homoserine-lactones-in-strain-mola-401-a-marine-rhodobacteraceae-bacterium
#7
Margot Doberva, Didier Stien, Jonathan Sorres, Nathalie Hue, Sophie Sanchez-Ferandin, Véronique Eparvier, Yoan Ferandin, Philippe Lebaron, Raphaël Lami
Quorum sensing (QS) is a density-dependent mechanism allowing bacteria to synchronize their physiological activities, mediated by a wide range of signaling molecules including N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs). Production of AHL has been identified in various marine strains of Proteobacteria. However, the chemical diversity of these molecules still needs to be further explored. In this study, we examined the diversity of AHLs produced by strain MOLA 401, a marine Alphaproteobacterium that belongs to the ubiquitous Rhodobacteraceae family...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683133/increased-frequency-of-circulating-cd19-cd24hicd38hi-b-cells-with-regulatory-capacity-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-as-na%C3%A3-ve-for-biological-agents
#8
María-Belén Bautista-Caro, Eugenio de Miguel, Diana Peiteado, Chamaida Plasencia-Rodríguez, Alejandro Villalba, Irene Monjo-Henry, Amaya Puig-Kröger, Paloma Sánchez-Mateos, Emilio Martín-Mola, María-Eugenia Miranda-Carús
Our objective was to study the frequency of circulating CD19+CD24hiCD38hi B cells (Breg) in AS patients. To this end, peripheral blood was drawn from AS patients naïve for TNF blockers (AS/nb) (n = 42) and healthy controls (HC) (n = 42). Six patients donated blood for a second time, 6 months after initiating treatment with anti-TNFα drugs. After isolation by Ficoll-Hypaque, PBMCs were stained with antibodies to CD3, CD4, CD19, CD24, and CD38, and examined by cytometry. For functional studies, total CD19+ B cells were isolated from PBMCs of 3 HC by magnetical sorting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676453/ac2-26-peptide-and-serine-protease-of-bothrops-atrox-similarly-induces-angiogenesis-without-triggering-local-and-systemic-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-dorsal-skinfold-chamber
#9
Rafaela Batista Molás, Marina de Paula-Silva, Rehana Masood, Anwar Ullah, Alexandre Dantas Gimenes, Sonia Maria Oliani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668515/elucidation-of-photocatalysis-photoluminescence-and-antibacterial-studies-of-zno-thin-films-by-spin-coating-method
#10
K Kaviyarasu, C Maria Magdalane, K Kanimozhi, J Kennedy, B Siddhardha, E Subba Reddy, Naresh Kumar Rotte, Chandra Shekhar Sharma, F T Thema, Douglas Letsholathebe, Genene Tessema Mola, M Maaza
The ZnO thin films have been prepared by spin coating followed by annealing at different temperatures like 300°C, 350°C, 400°C, 450°C, 500°C & 550°C and ZnO nanoparticles have been used for photocatalytic and antibacterial applications. The morphological investigation and phase analysis of synthesized thin films well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Photoluminescence (PL), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Raman studies. The luminescence peaks detected in the noticeable region between 350nm to 550nm for all synthesized nanosamples are associated to the existence of defects of oxygen sites...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659746/effects-of-baked-and-raw-salmon-fillet-on-lipids-and-n-3-pufas-in-serum-and-tissues-in-zucker-fa-fa-rats%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#11
Linn A Vikøren, Aslaug Drotningsvik, Marthe T Bergseth, Svein A Mjøs, Nazanin Mola, Sabine Leh, Gunnar Mellgren, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen
Knowledge of the health impact of consuming heat-treated versus raw fish fillet is limited. To investigate effects of baked or raw salmon fillet intake on lipids and n-3 PUFAs in serum and tissues, obese Zucker fa/fa rats were fed diets containing 25% of protein from baked or raw salmon fillet and 75% of protein from casein, or casein as the sole protein source (control group) for four weeks. Salmon diets had similar composition of amino and fatty acids. Growth and energy intake were similar in all groups. Amounts of lipids and n-3 PUFAs in serum, liver and skeletal muscle were similar between rats fed baked or raw salmon fillet...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-other-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-three-provinces-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Carolyn Tomado, Savarina Huliafi, Gloria Munnull, Patricia Rarau, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Handan Wand, Peter Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
Background Papua New Guinea (PNG) is estimated to have among the highest prevalences of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) of any Asia-Pacific country, and one of the highest burdens of maternal syphilis globally. The prevalence of curable STIs, such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), among pregnant women in PNG is relatively unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional bio-behavioural survey to investigate the epidemiology of CT, NG, TV and other STIs among pregnant women in three provinces of PNG was undertaken...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581536/schizophrenia-and-anorexia-nervosa-reciprocal-relationships-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Rafał Ziemiński, Agnieszka Molas, Jacek Gajewski, Marta Flis, Ewa Stelmach, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
Although schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa are seemingly very distinct psychiatric disorders, their symptoms are connected by various types of relationships. The present article reviews the literature and recapitulates the views of various authors on the links between these two disorders. Symptoms of anorexia may 1) precede the onset of psychosis; 2) evolve in its active phase or more rarely manifest in remission; and, conversely, 3) psychotic symptoms may occur transiently in the course of anorexia nervosa...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522074/-orthogeriatrics-the-first-multicentre-regional-register-of-hip-fractures-in-castilla-y-le%C3%A3-n-spain
#14
Angélica Muñoz-Pascual, Pilar Sáez-López, Sonia Jiménez-Mola, Natalia Sánchez-Hernández, Noelia Alonso-García, Ana Isabel Andrés-Sainz, M Cruz Macias-Montero, Carmen Vázquez-Pedrezuela, Nieves Pereira de Castro Juez, Pilar Del Pozo-Tagarro, Carmen Pablos-Hernández, Carmen Cervera-Díaz, Ana Cerón-Fernández, Esther Vuelta-Calzada, Javier Perez-Jara Carrera, Alfonso González-Ramírez, Teresa Collado-Díaz, Javier Idoate-Gil, M Teresa Guerrero-Díaz, Dayro Gutierrez-Bejarano, Encarnación Martín-Perez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of the patients with hip fracture admitted to the Public Hospitals of Castilla y León during three monthly periods (November 2014, and October and November 2015). MATERIAL AND METHOD: The Castilla y León orthogeriatrics work group created a common register to collect data on hip fractures. The study included patients 75 years-old and over hospitalised with hip fractures in the 13 public hospitals in the community during November 2014, and October and November 2015...
May 15, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515419/new-insights-into-ocean-sunfish-mola-mola-abundance-and-seasonal-distribution-in-the-northeast-atlantic
#15
Patricia Breen, Ana Cañadas, Oliver Ó Cadhla, Mick Mackey, Meike Scheidat, Steve C V Geelhoed, Emer Rogan, Mark Jessopp
The ocean sunfish, Mola mola, is the largest teleost fish in the world. Despite being found in all oceans of the world, little is known about its abundance and factors driving its distribution. In this study we provide the first abundance estimates for sunfish in offshore waters in the northeast Atlantic and the first record of extensive sunfish presence in these waters year-round. Abundance estimates and predictive distributions for sunfish in approximately 300,000 km² of the northeast Atlantic were derived from large scale offshore aerial surveys in 2015-2016 using distance sampling techniques...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492094/bronchial-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-with-the-classic-maml2-gene-rearrangement-in-a-2-year-old-boy
#16
Linda J Szymanski, Kira Molas-Torreblanca, Ramzi Bawab, Eugene Kim, Debra Don, Leo Mascarenhas, Phillip Stanley, Shengmei Zhou, Nick Shillingford
Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is rare. To date, primary PMEC has not been reported in a child younger than 3 years of age. We report a case of a 2-year-old boy who presented with 3 episodes of wheezing, cough, and fever over a period of 1 month. Radiologic findings were consistent with foreign body aspiration with consequent bronchial obstruction. Bronchoscopy was performed and attempts to retrieve the foreign body resulted in a biopsy of a fleshy lesion. By histology, the lesion was an epithelial neoplasm comprising cells arranged in a nested pattern...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482464/antiproliferative-effects-on-human-lung-cell-lines-a549-activity-of-cadmium-selenide-nanoparticles-extracted-from-cytotoxic-effects-investigation-of-bio-electronic-application
#17
K Kaviyarasu, K Kanimozhi, N Matinise, C Maria Magdalane, Genene T Mola, J Kennedy, M Maaza
Cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles make necessary to acquire more information against the cytotoxic effects on human lung epithelial cells A549 potential adverse to health effects. More biological studies highlighted their cytotoxic potential like pulmonary or respiratory diseases were focused on toxicity nanoparticles mechanisms are involved. The aim of our research, is the comparison of cytotoxicity effect between cells-particle interactions, viability test, membrane integrity and oxidative stress were investigated...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448378/a-mixed-method-review-of-tobacco-cessation-for-the-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-clinician
#18
Ana Mola, Madeleine M Lloyd, Miguel A Villegas-Pantoja
PURPOSE: To systematically survey the literature, describe the current tobacco science, and perform a mixed method review of randomized control trials of tobacco research in the cardiopulmonary population. METHODS: Mixed method review was conducted on major resource databases. Inclusion criteria were English language with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, published between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016; adult smokers ≥18 years of age with cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease; initiation of subject recruitment from hospital or community; tobacco cessation (TC) as the main aim of the study; biometric validation of smoking status; first-line TC medications; and nonpharmacological treatments...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439898/optimizing-autologous-nonmobilized-mononuclear-cell-collections-for-cellular-therapy-in-pediatric-patients-with-high-risk-leukemia
#19
Ehud Even-Or, Maria Di Mola, Muhammad Ali, Sarah Courtney, Elizabeth McDougall, Sarah Alexander, Tal Schechter, James A Whitlock, Christoph Licht, Joerg Krueger
BACKGROUND: The manufacturing of cellular products for immunotherapy, such as chimeric antigen receptor T cells, requires successful collection of mononuclear cells. Collections from children with high-risk leukemia present a challenge, especially because the established COBE Spectra apheresis device is being replaced by the novel Spectra Optia device (Optia) in many institutions. Published experience for mononuclear cell collections in children with Optia is lacking. Our aim was to compare the two collection devices and describe modified settings on the Optia to optimize mononuclear cell collections...
April 25, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437563/selective-imaging-modalities-after-first-pyelonephritis-failed-to-identify-significant-urological-anomalies-despite-normal-antenatal-ultrasounds
#20
Gylli Mola, Therese Ramstad Wenger, Petra Salomonsson, Inge Jenny Dahl Knudsen, Jan Lysgaard Madsen, Søren Møller, Beth Härstedt Olsen, Pablo Gustavo Vinicoff, Jorgen Thorup, Dina Cortes
AIM: We investigated the consequences of applying different imaging guidelines for urological anomalies after first pyelonephritis in children with normal routine antenatal ultrasounds. METHODS: The cohort comprised 472 children treated for their first culture-positive pyelonephritis and investigated with ultrasound and renal scintigraphy. We excluded patients with known urological anomalies and patients born before routine antenatal ultrasound. We followed the cohort for a median of 5...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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