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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220284/untangling-convoluted-taxonomy-of-chambriella-rego-chubb-pavanelli-1999-cestoda-proteocephalidae-with-erection-of-riggenbachiella-n-g-and-the-description-of-a-new-species-from-pimelodid-catfishes-in-the-neotropical-region
#1
Philippe Vieira Alves, Alain de Chambrier, José Luis Luque, Tomáš Scholz
As part of a complex revision of proteocephalid cestodes parasitic in freshwater bony fishes of the Neotropical Region, the genus Chambriella Rego, Chubb & Pavanelli, 1999 is redefined based on detailed examination of type-specimens and newly collected material of both nominal species of the genus. This examination revealed that the type-species C. agostinhoi (Pavanelli & Santos, 1992) from Zungaro jahu (Ihering) (type-host) and Z. zungaro (Humboldt) is indistinguishable from Lenhataenia megacephala (Woodland, 1934) from Sorubimichthys planiceps (Spix & Agassiz) (all hosts Siluriformes: Pimelodidae), the type- and only species of the genus...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211273/sub-bandgap-voltage-electroluminescence-and-magneto-oscillations-in-a-wse2-light-emitting-van-der-waals-heterostructure
#2
Johannes Binder, Freddie Withers, Maciej R Molas, Clement Faugeras, Karol Nogajewski, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Aleksey Kozikov, Andre K Geim, Kostya S Novoselov, Marek Potemski
We report on experimental investigations of an electrically driven WSe2 based light-emitting van der Waals heterostructure. We observe a threshold voltage for electroluminescence significantly lower than the corresponding single particle band gap of monolayer WSe2. This observation can be interpreted by considering the Coulomb interaction and a tunneling process involving excitons, well beyond the picture of independent charge carriers. An applied magnetic field reveals pronounced magneto-oscillations in the electroluminescence of the free exciton emission intensity with a 1/B-periodicity...
February 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206694/translational-readthrough-generates-new-astrocyte-aqp4-isoforms-that-modulate-supramolecular-clustering-glial-endfeet-localization-and-water-transport
#3
Manuela De Bellis, Francesco Pisani, Maria Grazia Mola, Stefania Rosito, Laura Simone, Cinzia Buccoliero, Maria Trojano, Grazia Paola Nicchia, Maria Svelto, Antonio Frigeri
Regulation of water homeostasis is a central feature of central nervous system pathophysiology. In this context, several lines of evidence suggest a crucial role for the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) and its plasma membrane supramolecular organization as the key element. Here, we demonstrate the expression in tissues of additional isoforms of AQP4 characterized by a C-terminal extension generated by programmed translational readthrough. These extended isoforms (AQP4ex) display a perivascular polarization and expression in dystrophin-dependent pools...
February 16, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197718/adaptation-of-the-osteoarthritis-specific-quality-of-life-scale-the-oaqol-for-use-in-germany-hungary-italy-spain-and-turkey
#4
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Şehim Kutlay, Tamas Bender, Jürgen Braun, Concepcion Castillo-Gallego, Marta Favero, Pal Geher, Uta Kiltz, Emilio Martin-Mola, Roberta Ramonda, Matthew Rouse, Alan Tennant, Ayşe A Küçükdeveci
The Osteoarthritis Quality of Life scale (OAQoL) is specific to individuals with osteoarthritis. The present study describes the adaptation of the OAQoL for use in the following five European languages: German, Hungarian, Italian, Spanish and Turkish. The study involved three stages in each language; translation, cognitive debriefing (face and content validity) and validation. The validation stage assessed internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha), reproducibility (test-retest reliability using Spearman's rank correlations), convergent and divergent validity (correlations with the Health Assessment Questionnaire, The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of osteoarthritis and Nottingham Health Profile) and known group validity...
February 15, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158947/ambiguous-bodies-uncertain-diseases-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-in-papua-new-guinea
#5
A Kelly-Hanku, S Ase, V Fiya, P Toliman, H Aeno, G M Mola, J M Kaldor, L M Vallely, A J Vallely
OBJECTIVES: Within their local realities, people experience and interpret disease in diverse ways that do not necessarily correlate or converge with Western biomedical interventions. In the high cervical cancer burden setting of Papua New Guinea, understanding how people experience and interpret cervical cancer is necessary for effective intervention. Drawing on work by Street on the production of unstable biomedical knowledge, we explored how ambiguity and uncertainty, coupled with cultural taboos and linguistic limitations, affect what and how people 'know' about women's reproductive organs and their associated disease...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158659/socioeconomic-development-of-cities-and-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-a-comparative-study-across-brazilian-state-capitals
#6
Maria Carolina Borges, Leonardo Pozza Santos, Adriana Marchon Zago, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Shana Ginar da Silva, Christian Loret de Mola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139878/assisted-vaginal-delivery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-overview
#7
P E Bailey, J van Roosmalen, G Mola, C Evans, L de Bernis, B Dao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), highlighting what level of care procedures were performed and identifying systemic barriers to its use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional health facility assessments. SETTING: Up to 40 countries in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. POPULATION: Assessments tended to be national in scope and included all hospitals and samples of midlevel facilities in public and private sectors...
January 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126268/-colorectal-cancer-in-the-elderly-surgical-treatment-chemotherapy-and-contribution-from-geriatrics
#8
Pilar Sáez-López, Elena Filipovich Vegas, Javier Martinez Peromingo, Sonia Jimenez Mola
Age is the biggest risk factor for colorectal cancer, with 70% of the cases in patients over 70 years old. For this reason, a review is presented on the surgical treatment and chemotherapy of cancer of colon and rectum in the elderly. A search was performed in PubMed, including words such as elderly, surgery, colorectal cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and oncogeriatrics, and review articles and originals on treatment of colorectal cancer in the elderly were selected. A narrative form was developed from the latest evidence with the results obtained on the treatment of this pathology...
January 23, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105658/first-confirmed-record-of-mola-sp-a-in-the-western-mediterranean-sea-morphological-molecular-and-parasitological-findings
#9
A E Ahuir-Baraja, Y Yamanoue, L Kubicek
Recent molecular and morphological studies suggest the existence of at least three species of Mola (Mola spp. A, B and C). Currently, only Mola mola and Mola ramsayi are formally accepted and species A, B or C have not been assigned to these thus far. In this study, a large ocean sunfish in the western Mediterranean Sea was analysed molecularly and morphologically, identified as Mola sp. A and a detailed account of the specimen's parasite load is reported.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103875/effects-of-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-on-umbilical-artery-resistance-and-intrafetal-blood-flow-distribution-a-doppler-ultrasound-study-from-papua-new-guinea
#10
Maria Ome-Kaius, Stephan Karl, Regina Alice Wangnapi, John Walpe Bolnga, Glen Mola, Jane Walker, Ivo Mueller, Holger Werner Unger, Stephen John Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Doppler velocimetry studies of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow help to determine the presence and severity of fetal growth restriction. Increased UA resistance and reduced MCA pulsatility may indicate increased placental resistance and intrafetal blood flow redistribution. Malaria causes low birth weight and fetal growth restriction, but few studies have assessed its effects on uteroplacental and fetoplacental blood flow. METHODS: Colour-pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to assess UA and MCA flow in 396 Papua New Guinean singleton fetuses...
January 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063689/associations-of-linear-growth-and-relative-weight-gain-in-early-life-with-human-capital-at-30-years-of-age
#11
Bernardo Lessa Horta, Cesar G Victora, Christian Loret de Mola, Luciana Quevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Denise P Gigante, Janaina Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Fernando C Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations of birthweight, nutritional status and growth in childhood with IQ, years of schooling, and monthly income at 30 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In 1982, the 5 maternity hospitals in Pelotas, Brazil, were visited daily and 5914 live births were identified. At 30 years of age, 3701 subjects were interviewed. IQ, years of schooling, and income were measured. RESULTS: On average, their IQ was 98 points, they had 11...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033165/developing-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-for-home-care-clinicians-patient-perspectives-clinician-knowledge-and-curriculum-overview
#12
Jodi L Feinberg, David Russell, Ana Mola, Kathryn H Bowles, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: There is limited evidence that home care clinicians receive education on the core competencies of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This article describes the development and implementation of a CR training program adapted for home care clinicians, which incorporated the viewpoints of homebound patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Literature and guideline reviews were performed to glean curriculum content, supplemented with themes identified among patients and clinicians...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027883/role-of-the-h-bond-between-l53-and-t56-for-aquaporin-4-epitope-in-neuromyelitis-optica
#13
Francesco Pisani, Laura Simone, Concetta Domenica Gargano, Manuela De Bellis, Antonio Cibelli, Maria Grazia Mola, Giacomo Catacchio, Antonio Frigeri, Maria Svelto, Grazia Paola Nicchia
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is the CNS water channel organized into well-ordered protein aggregates called Orthogonal Arrays of Particles (OAPs). Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disease caused by anti-OAP autoantibodies (AQP4-IgG). Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations have identified an H-bond between L53 and T56 as the key for AQP4 epitope and therefore of potential interest for drug design in NMO field. In the present study, we have experimentally tested this MD-prediction using the classic mutagenesis approach...
December 24, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008964/the-direct-to-indirect-band-gap-crossover-in-two-dimensional-van-der-waals-indium-selenide-crystals
#14
G W Mudd, M R Molas, X Chen, V Zólyomi, K Nogajewski, Z R Kudrynskyi, Z D Kovalyuk, G Yusa, O Makarovsky, L Eaves, M Potemski, V I Fal'ko, A Patanè
The electronic band structure of van der Waals (vdW) layered crystals has properties that depend on the composition, thickness and stacking of the component layers. Here we use density functional theory and high field magneto-optics to investigate the metal chalcogenide InSe, a recent addition to the family of vdW layered crystals, which transforms from a direct to an indirect band gap semiconductor as the number of layers is reduced. We investigate this direct-to-indirect bandgap crossover, demonstrate a highly tuneable optical response from the near infrared to the visible spectrum with decreasing layer thickness down to 2 layers, and report quantum dot-like optical emissions distributed over a wide range of energy...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994965/harvest-year-effects-on-apulian-evoos-evaluated-by-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics
#15
Chiara R Girelli, Laura Del Coco, Paride Papadia, Sandra A De Pascali, Francesco P Fanizzi
Nine hundred extra virgin olive oils (EVOO) were extracted from individual olive trees of four olive cultivars (Coratina, Cima di Mola, Ogliarola, Peranzana), originating from the provinces of Bari and Foggia (Apulia region, Southern Italy) and collected during two consecutive harvesting seasons (2013/14 and 2014/15). Following genetic identification of individual olive trees, a detailed Apulian EVOO NMR database was built using 900 oils samples obtained from 900 cultivar certified single trees. A study on the olive oil lipid profile was carried out by statistical multivariate analysis (Principal Component Analysis, PCA, Partial Least-Squares Discriminant Analysis, PLS-DA, Orthogonal Partial Least-Squares Discriminant Analysis, OPLS-DA)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987678/revolution-from-monometallic-to-trimetallic-nanoparticle-composites-various-synthesis-methods-and-their-applications-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Gaurav Sharma, Deepak Kumar, Amit Kumar, Ala'a H Al-Muhtaseb, Deepak Pathania, Mu Naushad, Genene Tessema Mola
Trimetallic nanoparticles are mainly formed by the combination of three different metals. The trimetallic catalysts were considerably more professional than bimetallic one. The trimetallic and bimetallic nanoparticles are of enormous attention than that of monometallic in both technological and scientific view as in these nanoparticles the catalytic properties can be tailored better than that of in the single monometallic catalyst. The trimetallic nanoparticles have been synthesized by different methods such as microwave, selective catalytic reduction, micro-emulsion, co-precipitation and hydrothermal etc...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987098/a-surgical-department-for-intensified-care
#17
Pierluigi di Sebastiano, Tommaso Grottola, Anna Maysse, Maria Marino, Francesco Zavattaro, Pas Quale Flacco, F Francesco di Mola
PURPOSE: The growing pressure to rationalize costs in the healthcare system demands the development of new healthcare models aimed at allowing patients to receive the best treatment, without ignoring the rising costs. METHODS: In the Healthcare Unit 2 located in the Abruzzo region in Italy, a new model of intensified care surgical department was designed in January 2013. The department was based on the selection of the degree of patient disease. Patients requiring a medium-low degree surgery were treated in the peripheral unit, in the Ortona hospital, while more complex surgical procedures, most cancer cases (including stomach, liver, pancreas, colon-rectum or multi-organ resections), were performed in the central unit in the Chieti hospital...
December 16, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974960/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-genital-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-married-women-of-iran
#18
Elahe Ahmadnia, Roghieh Kharaghani, Azam Maleki, Azar Avazeh, Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Tahereh Sedaghatpisheh, Ahmad Jalilvand, Behnaz Molae
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of genital and sexually transmitted infections and its related factors in married women in Iran. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 4 274 married women living in urban and rural areas of the Zanjan province from 2012 to 2013. We used stratified cluster sampling to select the participants. Data collection included demographic characteristics, reproductive status, and cervical cytology results...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971924/knowledge-of-blood-pressure-control-programs-in-university-students
#19
E P Viana Cardenas, K Valencia Revollo, M Mendoza Mola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943286/new-and-historical-records-of-the-ocean-sunfish-mola-mola-in-icelandic-waters
#20
J Palsson, O S Astthorsson
The ocean sunfish Mola mola is considered to be globally distributed in both temperate and tropical waters, but there are many gaps in the knowledge of this species' distribution. A total of 31 records of M. mola from Icelandic waters, dating from 1845 to 2014, are presented and georeferenced. An increase in the number of records at the beginning of this century and particularly in 2012, is suggested to be a consequence of both an increase in ocean temperature on the Icelandic shelf and changes in large scale temperature variations in the North Atlantic Ocean...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
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