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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781447/singlet-and-triplet-trions-in-ws-sub-2-sub-monolayer-encapsulated-in-hexagonal-boron-nitride
#1
Diana Vaclavkova, Jan Wyzula, Karol Nogajewski, Miroslav Bartos, Artur Slobodeniuk, Clément Faugeras, Marek Potemski, Maciej Molas
Embedding a WS<sub>2</sub> monolayer in flakes of hexagonal boron nitride allowed
 us to resolve and study the photoluminescence response due to both singlet and triplet
 states of negatively charged excitons (trions) in this atomically thin semiconductor.
 The energy separation between the singlet and triplet states has been found to
 be relatively small reflecting rather weak effects of the electron-electron exchange
 interaction for the trion triplet in a WS<sub>2</sub> monolayer, which involves two electrons
 with the same spin but from different valleys...
May 21, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764171/compassionate-communities-design-and-preliminary-results-of-the-experience-of-vic-barcelona-spain-caring-city
#2
Xavier Gómez-Batiste, Silvia Mateu, Susagna Serra-Jofre, Magda Molas, Sarah Mir-Roca, Jordi Amblàs, Xavier Costa, Cristina Lasmarías, Marta Serrarols, Alvar Solà-Serrabou, Candela Calle, Allan Kellehear
BACKGROUND: A program of Compassionate City or Community (CC) has been designed and developed in the City of Vic (43,964 habitants, Barcelona, Spain), based on The Compassionate City Charter and other public health literature and experiments, with the joint leadership of the City Council and the Chair of Palliative Care at the University of Vic, and as an expansion of a comprehensive and integrated system of palliative care. METHODS: The program started with an assessment of needs of the city as identified by 48 social organizations with a foundational workshop and a semi-structured survey...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729303/intestinal-microbial-derived-sphingolipids-are-inversely-associated-with-childhood-food-allergy
#3
Kathleen Lee-Sarwar, Rachel S Kelly, Jessica Lasky-Su, D Branch Moody, Alex R Mola, Tan-Yun Cheng, Laurie E Comstock, Robert S Zeiger, George T O'Connor, Megan T Sandel, Leonard B Bacharier, Avraham Beigelman, Nancy Laranjo, Diane R Gold, Supinda Bunyavanich, Jessica H Savage, Scott T Weiss, Patrick J Brennan, Augusto A Litonjua
Intestinal Bacteroides-derived sphingolipids in infancy were inversely associated with food allergy among sensitized subjects. This may be mediated in part by invariant NK T cell activation.
May 2, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673855/activation-of-a-code-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-mortality
#4
Neus Robert Boter, Josep Maria Mòdol Deltell, Irma Casas Garcia, Gemma Rocamora Blanch, Gemma Lladós Beltran, Anna Carreres Molas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a code sepsis (CS) activation, complying with recommendations, the evolution of patients with severe sepsis in the emergency room and determine independent factors associated to mortality. METHOD: All patients attending the emergency room with severe sepsis during a 6-month period were included. Complying with Surviving Sepsis Campaign recommendations, patients' average stay, intensive care admissions and 30-day mortality were assessed...
April 16, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660221/brainstem-leukoaraiosis-independently-predicts-poor-outcome-after-ischemic-stroke
#5
Eva Giralt-Steinhauer, Santiago Medrano, Carolina Soriano-Tárraga, Marina Mola-Caminal, Raquel Rasal, Elisa Cuadrado-Godia, Ana Rodríguez-Campello, Angel Ois, J Capellades, Jordi Jimenez-Conde, Jaume Roquer
BACKGROUND: Increased supratentorial white matter hyperintensities volume (S-WMHV) has been reported as a predictor of worse outcome in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. However, few studies focus on less common locations such as brainstem-white matter hyperintensities (B-WMH), and their relationship with S-WMHV. This study aimed to examine whether B-WMH affects clinical outcome after AIS or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: Based on MRI evidence, B-WMH was evaluated in 313 prospectively identified patients with AIS/TIA and registered as absent or present...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642914/development-of-the-italian-version-of-the-high-activity-arthroplasty-score-haas-i-following-hip-and-knee-total-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change
#6
Marco Monticone, Antonio Capone, Luca Frigau, Giuseppe Marongiu, Paola Abelli, Francesco Mola, Nicola Maffulli, Calogero Foti
BACKGROUND: The number of physically active individuals who develop knee and hip arthritis and who undergo arthroplasties of these joints ie ever increasing. It has become necessary to develop evaluation scales which address the specific issues raised by such individuals. The High Activity Arthroplasty Score is one such scales, originally developed in English. METHODS: The HAAS-I was developed by means of forward-backward translation, a final review by an expert committee and a test of the pre-final version to establish its correspondence with the original English version...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620898/analysis-of-advanced-glycation-endproducts-in-rat-tail-collagen-and-correlation-to-tendon-stiffening
#7
Tobias Jost, Alexander Zipprich, Marcus A Glomb
Methylglyoxal is a major 1,2-dicarbonyl compound in vivo and leads to nonenzymatic protein modifications, known as advanced glycation endproducts. Especially long-lived proteins like collagen are prone to changes of the mechanical or biological function, respectively, by accumulation of Maillard-derived modifications. Specifically, the resulting nonenzymatic cross-link structures in parallel to the natural maturation process of collagen fibrils lead to complications with age or during disease. A novel lysine-lysine amide cross-link derived from methylglyoxal, 2,15-diamino-8-methyl-9-oxo-7,10-diaza-1,16-hexadecanedioic acid, named MOLA, was synthesized and identified in vitro and in vivo...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550978/polyvinyl-alcohol-based-nanocomposite-hydrogels-containing-magnetic-laponite-rd-to-remove-cadmium
#8
Sara Mola Ali Abasiyan, Gholam Reza Mahdavinia
In this study, magnetic nanocomposite hydrogels based on polyvinyl alcohol were synthesized. Magnetic polyvinyl alcohol/laponite RD (PVA-mLap) nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results indicated that PVA-mLap had desirable magnetic-sorption properties and magnetic-laponite nanoparticles were successfully synthesized and added to polyvinyl alcohol. The present nanocomposites were applied to remove Cd2+ from aqueous solution...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538409/cerebral-vasoreactivity-in-response-to-a-head-of-bed-position-change-is-altered-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Clara Gregori-Pla, Gianluca Cotta, Igor Blanco, Peyman Zirak, Martina Giovannella, Anna Mola, Ana Fortuna, Turgut Durduran, Mercedes Mayos
MOTIVATION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can impair cerebral vasoreactivity and is associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular disease. Unfortunately, an easy-to-use, non-invasive, portable monitor of cerebral vasoreactivity does not exist. Therefore, we have evaluated the use of near-infrared diffuse correlation spectroscopy to measure the microvascular cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to a mild head-of-bed position change as a biomarker for the evaluation of cerebral vasoreactivity alteration due to chronic OSA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515201/biological-age-is-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-ischemic-stroke
#10
Carolina Soriano-Tárraga, Eva Giralt-Steinhauer, Marina Mola-Caminal, Angel Ois, Ana Rodríguez-Campello, Elisa Cuadrado-Godia, Israel Fernández-Cadenas, Natalia Cullell, Jaume Roquer, Jordi Jiménez-Conde
Age and stroke severity are the main mortality predictors after ischemic stroke. However, chronological age and biological age are not exactly concordant. Age-related changes in DNA methylation in multiple CpG sites across the genome can be used to estimate biological age, which is influenced by lifestyle, environmental factors, and genetic variation. We analyzed the impact of biological age on 3-month mortality in ischemic stroke. We assessed 594 patients with acute ischemic stroke in a cohort from Hospital del Mar (Barcelona) and validated the results in an independent cohort...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455152/local-plant-responses-to-global-problems-dactylis-glomerata-responses-to-different-traffic-pollutants-on-roadsides
#11
REVIEW
M D Jiménez, R de Torre, I Mola, M A Casado, L Balaguer
The growing number of road vehicles is a major source of regional and global atmospheric pollution increasing concentrations of CO2 in the air, and levels of metals in air and soil. Nevertheless, the effects of these pollutants on plants growing at roadsides are poorly documented. We carried out an observational study of unmanipulated plants growing by the road, to identify the morpho-physiological responses in a perennial grass Dactylis glomerata. Firstly, we wanted to know the general effect of traffic intensity and ambient CO2 and its interactions on different plant traits...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451585/psychoactive-substance-abuse-and-dependence-and-its-association-with-anxiety-disorders-a-population-based-study-of-young-adults-in-brazil
#12
Mariana B de Matos, Christian L de Mola, Jéssica P Trettim, Karen Jansen, Ricardo A da Silva, Luciano D de Mattos Souza, Liliane da Costa Ores, Mariane L Molina, Fernanda T Coelho, Ricardo T Pinheiro, Luciana de A Quevedo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between abuse of and dependence on different psychoactive substances and the presence of anxiety disorders in a sample of young adults from a city in southern Brazil. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, we carried out a cross-sectional, population-based study of individuals aged 18-24 years who lived in Pelotas, a city in southern Brazil. We evaluated anxiety disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0 (MINI), and use of psychoactive substances with the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST 2...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442859/structural-optical-morphological-and-microbial-studies-on-sno%C3%A2-nanoparticles-prepared-by-co-precipitation-method
#13
M V Arularasu, M Anbarasu, S Poovaragan, R Sundaram, K Kanimozhi, C Maria Magdalane, K Kaviyarasu, F T Thema, D Letsholathebe, Genene T Mola, M Maaza
Nanoparticles of tin oxide (SnO2) powders were prepared by co-precipitation method at 500 °C, 700 °C and 900 °C temperature. The sintered SnO2 nanoparticles, structural, optical, magnetic, morphological properties and microbial activity have been studied. XRD studies reveals that sintered powder which exhibits tetragonal crystal structure and both crystallinity as well as crystal size increase with increase in temperature. The morphological studies reveal randomly arranged grains with compact nature grain size increases with sintering temperature...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435871/pi3k-akt-signaling-controls-pfkfb3-expression-during-human-t-lymphocyte-activation
#14
Helga Simon-Molas, Claudia Arnedo-Pac, Pere Fontova, Anna Vidal-Alabró, Esther Castaño, Ana Rodríguez-García, Àurea Navarro-Sabaté, Núria Lloberas, Anna Manzano, Ramon Bartrons
Lymphocyte activation is associated with rapid increase of both the glycolytic activator fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2 ) and the enzyme responsible for its synthesis, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase-2). PFKFB3 gene, which encodes for the most abundant PFK-2 isoenzyme in proliferating tissues, has been found overexpressed during cell activation in several models, including immune cells. However, there is limited knowledge on the pathways underlying PFKFB3 regulation in human T-lymphocytes, and the role of this gene in human immune response...
February 12, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428878/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-adult-depression-and-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Tiago Neuenfeld Munhoz, Christian Loret de Mola, Joseph Murray
Child maltreatment has well-documented long-term, adverse effects on mental health, but it is not clear whether there are gender differences in these effects. We conducted a systematic review to investigate whether there are gender differences in the effects of maltreatment on adult depression and anxiety. Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Lilacs were searched for relevant studies published up to May 2016. Eligible studies included population-based studies (with a cohort, case-control or cross-sectional design) which assessed maltreatment during childhood or adolescence (≤18 years) and its association with major depression or generalized anxiety disorder (DSM/ICD diagnostic criteria) in adulthood (>18 years) separately for females and males...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412218/thinning-regimes-and-initial-spacing-for-eucalyptus-plantations-in-brazil
#16
Antonio C Ferraz Filho, Blas Mola-Yudego, José R González-Olabarria, José Roberto S Scolforo
This study focuses on the effects of different thinning regimes on clonal Eucalyptus plantations growth. Four different trials, planted in 1999 and located in Bahia and Espírito Santo States, were used. Aside from thinning, initial planting density, and post thinning fertilization application were also evaluated. Before canopy closure, and therefore before excessive competition between trees took place, it was found that stands planted under low densities (667 trees per hectare) presented a lower mortality proportion when compared to stand planted under higher densities (1111 trees per hectare)...
January 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389723/breastfeeding-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#17
Bernardo L Horta, Bruno A de Sousa, Christian L de Mola
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breastfeeding has clear short-term benefits for child survival. Concerning its long-term consequences, it has been reported that subjects who had been breastfed would have a better performance in intelligence tests. In this review, we perused the recently published studies on the association of breastfeeding with developmental outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: A meta-analysis published in 2015 reported that intelligence quotient (IQ) was 3.44 points (95% confidence interval: 2...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380356/association-between-visual-inspection-of-the-cervix-with-acetic-acid-examination-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-papua-new-guinea
#18
Andrew J Vallely, Pamela J Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Josephine Gabuzzi, Antonia Kumbia, Benny Kombuk, Zure Kombati, Lisa M Vallely, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Handan Wand, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has among the highest estimated burdens of cervical cancer globally but currently has no national cervical screening program. Visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) is a low-cost screening strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization that has been adopted in many low-resource settings but not previously evaluated in PNG. AIM: To evaluate the association between VIA examination findings and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection; and the impact of concomitant genital Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis on the interpretation of VIA findings...
January 30, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315408/birth-order-and-number-of-siblings-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Fernanda Oliveira Meller, Christian Loret de Mola, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Darren Lawrence Dahly, Fernando Celso Barros
Context: The effect of both birth order and number of siblings on overweight and/or obesity has not been determined. Birth order and sibsize have been mathematically coupled to overweight and/or obesity, but thus far their respective effects have been estimated separately. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of both birth order and number of siblings on the risk of overweight/obesity. Data Sources: The electronic databases MEDLINE, Social Science, SocINDEX, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, and Academic Search Complete were searched systematically...
February 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288183/performance-of-syndromic-management-for-the-detection-and-treatment-of-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-women-attending-antenatal-well-woman-and-sexual-health-clinics-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Josephine Gabuzzi, Joyce Allen, Christine Opa, Gloria Munnull, Petronia Kaima, Benny Kombuk, Antonia Kumbia, Zure Kombati, Greg Law, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Handan Wand, Peter M Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
OBJECTIVE: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has among the highest estimated prevalences of genital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) of any country in the Asia-Pacific region. Diagnosis and treatment of these infections have relied on the WHO-endorsed syndromic management strategy that uses clinical presentation without laboratory confirmation to make treatment decisions. We evaluated the performance of this strategy in clinical settings in PNG...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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