keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566963/the-investigation-of-symptoms-and-diagnoses-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-women-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#2
Kadir Demirci, Funda Yildirim Baş, Bahriye Arslan, Zeliha Salman, Abdullah Akpinar, Arif Demirdaş
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms and diagnoses of Adult-Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in women with iron deficiency anemia, to evaluate relationship between ADHD with clinical features and to compare with the women without iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: Eighty-three newly diagnosed iron deficiency anemia patients and 70 healthy controls were included in this study. All participants were assessed using a sociodemographic form, Structured Clinical Interview I (SCID-I), Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS); Moreover, participants having WURS scores 36 and above were also assessed using the Adult ADD/ADHD Evaluation Scale and interviewed according to DSM-5 criteria...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562425/rotational-and-collic-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-testing-in-normal-developing-children-and-children-with-combined-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVES: Vestibular dysfunction in childhood can have a major effect on a child's developmental process. Balance function has been reported to be poorer in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than in their typically developing peers. Due to contradictory available evidence and the paucity of research on vestibular function specifically in children with combined ADHD (cADHD), we designed this aged-matched study to assess vestibular function in children with cADHD...
May 26, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470381/relationship-of-serum-ferritin-level-and-tic-severity-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#4
Debabrata Ghosh, Elizabeth Burkman
PURPOSE: Tics can be considered hyperkinetic movements akin to restless leg syndrome (RLS). Drawing the analogy of iron deficiency as an etiology of RLS, it is conceivable that iron deficiency may underlie or worsen tics in Tourette syndrome (TS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum ferritin levels and tic severity, as well as consequent impact on life, in children with TS. METHODS: Children <18 years, diagnosed with TS during 2009-2015, were reviewed...
May 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466614/do-you-see-it-my-way-the-clinical-evaluation-of-adhd-by-the-different-pediatric-subspecialties
#5
Yael Leitner, Alexis Mitelpunkt, Idit Posner, Noa Vardi
BACKGROUND: Six medical disciplines are responsible for assessment, diagnosis and treatment of people with attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Israel: family doctors, pediatricians, adult and child neurologists, adult and child psychiatrists. OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in ADHD diagnostic practices between three different pediatric subspecialties in the clinical setting in order to establish a common ground for a future unified approach...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458727/self-reported-mindful-attention-and-awareness-go-no-go-response-time-variability-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Julian R Keith, Mallory E Blackwood, Rano T Mathew, Len B Lecci
The abilities to stabilize the focus of attention, notice attention lapses, and return attention to an intended object following lapses are precursors for mindfulness. Individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are deficient in the attentional and self-control skills that characterize mindfulness. The present study assessed the relationship between mindfulness and ADHD in young adults using the Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS), a computerized Go/No-Go task (the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA)), the World Health Organization Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS), a tool used as an adult ADHD screen, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452835/vitamin-d-status-cardiometabolic-liver-and-mental-health-status-in-obese-youth-attending-a-pediatric-weight-management-centre
#7
Krista MacDonald, Kristine Godziuk, Jason Yap, Rena LaFrance, Mohammad Ansarian, Andrea Haqq, Diana R Mager
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency and obesity are reaching epidemic proportions in North America, particularly in those with co-morbid conditions such as diabetes or liver disease. The study objective was to determine the prevalence of suboptimal vitD status and interrelationships with anthropometric, cardio-metabolic, liver, mental health and lifestyle (sleep/screen time) parameters in an ambulatory population of obese children. METHODS: Children (2-18 years) old attending a pediatric weight management clinic (n = 217) were retrospectively reviewed...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416812/a-new-locus-regulating-micall2-expression-was-identified-for-association-with-executive-inhibition-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
L Yang, S Chang, Q Lu, Y Zhang, Z Wu, X Sun, Q Cao, Y Qian, T Jia, B Xu, Q Duan, Y Li, K Zhang, G Schumann, D Liu, J Wang, Y Wang, L Lu
Impaired executive inhibition is a core deficit of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a common childhood-onset psychiatric disorder with high heritability. In this study, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study of executive inhibition in ADHD in Han Chinese. We used the Stroop color-word interference test to evaluate executive inhibition. After quality control, 780 samples with phenotype and covariate data were included in the discovery stage, whereas 922 samples were included in the replication stage...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409230/binocular-rivalry-transitions-predict-inattention-symptom-severity-in-adult-adhd
#9
Aiste Jusyte, Natalia Zaretskaya, Nina Maria Höhnle, Andreas Bartels, Michael Schönenberg
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent childhood disorder that is often maintained throughout the development and persists into adulthood. Established etiology models suggest that deficient inhibition underlies the core ADHD symptoms. While experimental evidence for impaired motor inhibition is overwhelming, little is known about the sensory inhibition processes, their changes throughout the development, and the relationship to ADHD symptoms. Here, we used the well-established binocular rivalry (BR) paradigm to investigate for the very first time the inhibitory processes related to visual perception in adults with ADHD...
April 13, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392322/manipulation-of-dopamine-metabolism-contributes-to-attenuating-innate-high-locomotor-activity-in-icr-mice
#10
Takeshi Yamaguchi, Mao Nagasawa, Hiromi Ikeda, Momoko Kodaira, Kimie Minaminaka, Vishwajit S Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as attention deficiency, restlessness and distraction. The main characteristics of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsiveness and carelessness. There is a possibility that these abnormal behaviors, in particular hyperactivity, are derived from abnormal dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. To elucidate the mechanism of high locomotor activity, the relationship between innate activity levels and brain monoamines and amino acids was investigated in this study. Differences in locomotor activity between ICR, C57BL/6J and CBA/N mice were determined using the open field test...
April 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356743/dynamic-balance-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-its-relationship-with-cognitive-functions-and-cerebellum
#11
Michal Goetz, Jaroslava Paulasova Schwabova, Zdenek Hlavka, Radek Ptacek, Craig Bh Surman
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is linked to the presence of motor deficiencies, including balance deficits. The cerebellum serves as an integrative structure for balance control and is also involved in cognition, including timing and anticipatory regulation. Cerebellar development may be delayed in children and adolescents with ADHD, and inconsistent reaction time is commonly seen in ADHD. We hypothesized that dynamic balance deficits would be present in children with ADHD and they would correlate with attention and cerebellar functions...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336432/behavioral-abnormalities-and-reduced-norepinephrine-in-ep4-receptor-associated-protein-eprap-deficient-mice
#12
Risako Fujikawa, Sei Higuchi, Taichi Ikedo, Manabu Nagata, Kosuke Hayashi, Tao Yang, Takeshi Miyata, Masayuki Yokode, Manabu Minami
EP4 receptor-associated protein (EPRAP) is a newly identified molecule that regulates macrophage activation. We recently demonstrated the presence of EPRAP in the mice brain; however, little is known about the function of EPRAP in this tissue. Therefore, we investigated the role of EPRAP in behavior and emotion using behavioral analysis in mice. In this study, we subjected EPRAP-deficient (KO) mice and wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) mice to a battery of behavioral tests. EPRAP-KO mice tended to have shorter latencies to fall in the wire hang test, but had normal neuromuscular strength...
April 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334461/profile-of-children-diagnosed-with-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-chart-review
#13
Natasha Reid, Doug Shelton, Judith Warner, Frances O'Callaghan, Sharon Dawe
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant public health concern, and growing recognition in Australia led to the establishment of a specialist service for young children. The aim of the current study was to report on the diagnostic profile of a group of children who attended the service, to document the extent to which there were comorbid diagnoses and to provide information on the neurocognitive functioning of the children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review conducted by the diagnostic service...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334053/new-insights-of-altered-lipid-profile-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#14
Artuela Çaku, Nabil G Seidah, Audrey Lortie, Nancy Gagné, Patrice Perron, Jean Dubé, Francois Corbin
BACKGROUND: Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the main genetic cause of autism and intellectual deficiency resulting the absence of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). Clinical picture is characterized by cognitive impairment associated with a broad spectrum of psychiatric comorbidities including autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Some of these disorders have been associated with lipid abnormalities and lower cholesterol levels. Since lipids are important for neuronal development, we aim to investigate the lipid profile of French Canadian-FXS individuals and to identify the altered components of cholesterol metabolism as well as their association with clinical profile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319054/association-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-with-mean-platelet-volume-and-vitamin-d
#15
Mesut Garipardic, Murat Doğan, Keziban Asli Bala, Tuba Mutluer, Sultan Kaba, Oktay Aslan, Lokman Üstyol
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the values of the mean platelet volume (MPV) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) to determine the risk of cardiovascular disease in these 2 disorder groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included a total of 79 patients with ADHD or ASDs and controls in the Van region of Turkey. The control group included subjects of matching age and sex with no ADHD, ASDs, or chronic disease and taking no vitamins...
March 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293481/a-genetic-variant-within-sts-previously-associated-with-inattention-in-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognition-in-healthy-adult-males
#16
Trevor Humby, Amelia Fisher, Christopher Allen, Meghann Reynolds, Annette Hartman, Ina Giegling, Dan Rujescu, William Davies
INTRODUCTION: The enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS) converts sulfated steroids to their non-sulfated forms. Deficiency for this enzyme is associated with inattention but preserved response control. The polymorphism rs17268988 within the X-linked STS gene is associated with inattentive, but not other, symptoms in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We initially tested whether rs17268988 genotype was associated with attention, response control, and underlying aspects of cognition, using questionnaires and neuropsychological tasks, in two independent cohorts of healthy adult males...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271675/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-a-blunted-parathyroid-hormone-response-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Sibelnur Avcil, Pinar Uysal, Mustafa Yilmaz, Duygu Erge, Sevcan K Demirkaya, Esra Eren
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequently diagnosed neuropsychiatric disorder of childhood. The etiopathogenesis of ADHD has not been fully defined. Recent evidence has suggested a pathophysiological role of vitamin D deficiency in ADHD. In this study, we evaluated the serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D), parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in children with ADHD. METHODS: The study group consisted of 105 children diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250422/components-of-the-folate-metabolic-pathway-and-adhd-core-traits-an-exploration-in-eastern-indian-probands
#18
Tanusree Saha, Mahasweta Chatterjee, Swagata Sinha, Usha Rajamma, Kanchan Mukhopadhyay
We investigated role of the folate-homocysteine metabolic pathway in the etiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) due to its importance in maintaining DNA integrity as well as neurotransmission. Functional gene variants in MTR (rs1805087), CBS (rs5742905), MTHFR (rs1801133 & rs1801131), MTHFD (rs2236225), RFC1 (rs1051266), plasma vitamin B12, folate and homocysteine were analyzed. rs1805087 'A' showed strong association with ADHD. Vitamin B12 deficiency of ADHD probands (P=0.01) correlated with rs1801133 'T' and rs1805087'GG'...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225747/effect-of-methylphenidate-on-emotional-dysregulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder
#19
Ayse Kutlu, Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a frequent feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It can be observed as a dysregulation profile or a deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) profile. Oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) comorbidity is prevalent in ADHD and known to be related with ED. The first-line treatment of ADHD includes psychostimulants, but their effects on ED are not well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment on ED in ADHD + ODD/CD cases...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215238/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Engin Koyuncu, Mustafa H Türkkani, Fatma G Sarikaya, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), and determine whether a relationship between SDB and age, gender, weight status, type of CP, motor function level, and spasticity can be established. METHODS: The study included 94 children with CP and 94 healthy children with normal development, between the ages two and 18. SDB was assessed using the Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD) scale of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
keyword
keyword
72612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"