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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421727/the-epidemic-spreading-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-incidence-trend-demographic-features-characteristics-and-risk-factors-in-a-retrospective-study-of-8557-lesions-in-bologna
#1
Valeria Gaspari, Annalisa Patrizi, Michela Venturi, Cosimo Misciali, Pier A Fanti
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has a rising incidence worldwide. The aim was to evaluate incidence trend, demographic features and risk factors for BCC in the area of Bologna in northern-central Italy. METHODS: All the consecutive histopathologically diagnosed BCCs at the Dermatology of the Bologna University from 1990 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated the absolute number of BCCs, the demographic features of patients and the characteristics of BCCs with statistically significant correlations...
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420503/age-is-a-major-prognosticator-in-extremely-low-oocyte-retrieval-cycles
#2
Yu-Ting Su, Pin-Yao Lin, Fu-Jen Huang, Fu-Tsai Kung, Yu-Ju Lin, Yi-Ru Tsai, Kuo-Chung Lan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical prognosis appears to be varied in females with poor ovarian response (POR), and poor responders defined by the Bologna criteria might not be sufficiently homogeneous. The aim of this study was to determine the major predictor of reproductive outcomes in extremely low oocyte retrieval cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles (n = 858) was analyzed from January 2001 to September 2014...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401422/acetate-free-biofiltration-to-remove-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#3
Valeria Cernaro, Silvia Lucisano, Valeria Canale, Annamaria Bruzzese, Daniela Caccamo, Giuseppe Costantino, Michele Buemi, Domenico Santoro
AIM: Serum levels of 32 kDa-phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) rise early in renal failure in order to keep phosphatemia within the normal range; however, this compensatory mechanism itself contributes to chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder. High FGF23 is also associated to left ventricular hypertrophy, vascular calcifications and thus increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this pilot pre-post study was to evaluate the effects of a single hemodiafiltration session with acetate-free biofiltration (AFB) on FGF23 serum levels...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390134/primordial-odontogenic-tumor-an-immunohistochemical-profile
#4
R Bologna-Molina, T Mikami, V Pereira-Prado, F-R Pires, R Carlos-Bregni, A Mosqueda-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Primordial Odontogenic Tumor (POT) is a recently described odontogenic tumor characterized by a variably cellular loose fibrous tissue with areas similar to the dental papilla, covered by cuboidal to columnar epithelium that resembles the internal epithelium of the enamel organ, surrounded at least partly by a delicate fibrous capsule. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible histogenesis and biological behavior of this rare tumor by means of a wide immunohistochemical analysis of its epithelial and mesenchymal components...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383924/manipulating-surface-states-of-iii-v-nanowires-with-uniaxial-stress
#5
Giorgio Signorello, Saurabh Sant, Nicolas Bologna, Marius Schraff, Ute Drechsler, Heinz Schmid, Stephan Wirths, Marta D Rossell, Andreas Schenk, Heike Riel
III-V compound semiconductors are indispensable materials for today's high-end electronic and optoelectronic devices, and are being explored for next-generation transistor logic and quantum technologies. III-V surfaces and interfaces play the leading role in determining device performance and, therefore, methods to control their electronic properties have been developed. Typically, surface passivation studies demonstrated how to limit the density of surface states. Strain has been widely used to improve the electronic transport properties and optoelectronic properties of III-Vs, but the potential of this technology to modify the surface properties still remains to be explored...
April 6, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383609/nursing-students-clinical-competencies-a-survey-on-clinical-education-objectives
#6
C Arrigoni, A M Grugnetti, R Caruso, M L Gallotti, P Borrelli, M Puci
BACKGROUND: Developing clearly defined competencies and identifying strategies for their measurement remain unfortunately a critical aspect of nursing training. In the current international context, which continues to be characterised by deep economic crisis, universities have a fundamental role to play in redefining the educational goals to respond to the expectations of certain geographical areas of interest, as underscored in the Bologna Process (Joint Declaration of the European Ministers of Education Convened in Bologna 19 June 1999)...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368802/-poor-responders-how-could-we-improve-our-results
#7
M Duport Percier, T Anahory, N Ranisavljevic, S Bringer-Deutsch
OBJECTIVES: Finding an efficient treatment for poor responders still poses a tremendous challenge for assisted reproductive technology. In 2011, an international consensus has been reached in Bologna on how to standardize the definition of poor ovarian response (POR) in a simple and reproducible manner. This article provides an objective assessment of the different treatment options currently available. METHODS: A search of the database PUBMED was carried out for studies published in English between October 2000 and April 2016...
February 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366519/live-birth-rates-in-various-subgroups-of-poor-ovarian-responders-fulfilling-the-bologna-criteria
#8
Gurkan Bozdag, Mehtap Polat, Irem Yarali, Hakan Yarali
The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology published Bologna criteria to generate a definition of poor ovarian responders (PORs). However, there are few data on whether PORs are homogenous for ovarian response or live birth rates (LBRs). In this retrospective study, 821 patients fulfilling Bologna criteria and undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection were stratified into four groups: Group A: female age ≥40 with a previous poor response (cycle cancelled or ≤3 oocytes) (105 patients, 123 cycles); Group B: female age ≥40 with an antral follicle count (AFC) < 7 (159 patients, 253 cycles); Group C: AFC <7 with a previous poor response (350 patients, 575 cycles); and Group D: female age ≥40 with an AFC <7 and previous poor response (207 patients, 306 cycles)...
March 21, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362425/role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-heavy-eye-syndrome
#9
C Maiolo, M Fresina, E C Campos
PurposeThe aim of this study is to assess the importance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery in highly myopic patients, evaluating the capability of imaging to identify muscles displacement and orbital pulley abnormalities and their role in the pathogenesis of heavy eye syndrome (HES).MethodsWe reviewed the medical records and high-resolution orbital MRIs of highly myopic adults with HES, who underwent surgery for strabismus at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital of Bologna from January 2007 to June 2016...
March 31, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347627/simulation-guided-navigation-for-vector-control-in-pediatric-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis
#10
Giovanni Badiali, Fabrizio Cutolo, Andrea Roncari, Claudio Marchetti, Alberto Bianchi
AIM: Navigation technology has given surgeons the capacity to know precisely where their instruments are during surgery, and simulation-guided navigation is a surgical method which is based on the use of navigation technology linked to 3D virtual surgery simulation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the absolute accuracy of simulation-guided navigation as an aid to reproduce the planned position of the distraction device vector in pediatric mandibular distraction osteogenesis...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345353/a-combined-approach-to-decrease-the-technological-and-sensory-defects-caused-by-fat-and-sodium-reduction-in-bologna-type-sausages
#11
Paulo Cezar Bastianello Campagnol, Bibiana Alves Dos Santos, José Manuel Lorenzo, Alexandre José Cichoski
The effect of the addition of fructooligosaccharides, transglutaminase, disodium inosinate, and disodium guanylate on some technological and sensory parameters of low-fat and low-salt Bologna-type sausages was evaluated. In the first experiment, sausages with a 25% and 50% fat reduction containing 0, 3%, or 6% fructooligosaccharides were manufactured. Fat reduction adversely affected the emulsion stability, hardness, and sensory properties; however, the addition of 6% fructooligosaccharides reduced the loss of quality associated with a lower fat content...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343553/alpha-lipoic-acid-plus-omega-3-fatty-acids-for-vestibulodynia-associated-with-painful-bladder-syndrome
#12
Filippo Murina, Alessandra Graziottin, Raffaele Felice, Dania Gambini
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effectiveness of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) plus omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in combination with amitriptyline therapy in patients with vestibulodynia/painful bladder syndrome (VBD/PBS). METHODS: Women with VBD/PBS were randomly assigned to receive amitriptyline or amitriptyline plus a commercially available preparation (ALAnerv Age; Alfa Wassermann, Bologna, Italy) containing, in 2 capsules, ALA 600 mg plus docosahexaenoic acid 250 mg and eicosapentaenoic acid 16...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333853/multimodal-imaging-in-vortex-vein-varices
#13
Chiara Veronese, Giovanni Staurenghi, Marco Pellegrini, Chiara Maiolo, Laura Primavera, Mariachiara Morara, Grayson W Armstrong, Antonio P Ciardella
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the clinical presentation of vortex vein varices with multimodal imaging. METHODS: The authors carried out a retrospective case series of eight patients (7 female, 1 male) with an average age of 60.2 years (min 8, max 84, median 68.5) presenting with vortex vein varices. All patients were evaluated at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy and at Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy...
March 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333293/intra-individual-purifying-selection-on-mitochondrial-dna-variants-during-human-oogenesis
#14
Sara De Fanti, Saverio Vicario, Martin Lang, Domenico Simone, Cristina Magli, Donata Luiselli, Luca Gianaroli, Giovanni Romeo
STUDY QUESTION: Does selection for mtDNA mutations occur in human oocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: We provide statistical evidence in favor of the existence of purifying selection for mtDNA mutations in human oocytes acting between the expulsion of the first and second polar bodies (PBs). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lines of evidence in Metazoa, including humans, indicate that variation within the germline of mitochondrial genomes is under purifying selection...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320260/craft-money-and-mercy-an-apothecary-s-self-portrait-in-sixteenth-century-bologna
#15
Barbara Di Gennaro Splendore
The apothecary occupied a liminal position in early modern society between profit and healing. Finding ways to distance their public image from trade was a common problem for apothecaries across Europe. This article uses the case of a Bolognese apothecary, Filippo Pastarino, to address the question of how early modern apothecaries chose to represent themselves to political authorities and to the wider public. 'Mercy', alongside 'craft', was a pillar of apothecaries' social identity. By contrast, no matter how central financial transactions ('money') were to their activity, apothecaries did not want to be perceived as merchants...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318985/functional-disconnection-of-thalamic-and-cerebellar-dentate-nucleus-networks-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-corticobasal-syndrome
#16
Neeraj Upadhyay, Antonio Suppa, Maria Cristina Piattella, Costanza Giannì, Matteo Bologna, Flavio Di Stasio, Nikolaos Petsas, Francesca Tona, Giovanni Fabbrini, Alfredo Berardelli, Patrizia Pantano
AIM: To assess functional rearrangement following neurodegeneration in the thalamus and dentate nucleus in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal syndrome (CBS). METHODS: We recruited 19 patients with PSP, 11 with CBS and 14 healthy subjects. All the subjects underwent resting-state (rs) fMRI using a 3T system. Whole brain functional connectivity of the thalamus and dentate nucleus were calculated by means of a seed-based approach with FEAT script in FSL toolbox...
March 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261746/bone-resorptive-activity-in-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-apical-lesions-of-endodontic-origin
#17
M Salinas-Muñoz, M Garrido-Flores, M Baeza, P Huamán-Chipana, J García-Sesnich, R Bologna, R Vernal, M Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the levels and diagnostic accuracy of a set of bone resorption biomarkers, including TRAP-5, RANKL, and OPG in symptomatic and asymptomatic apical lesions and controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apical tissues from symptomatic and asymptomatic apical periodontitis patients and periodontal ligaments from healthy teeth extracted for orthodontic reasons were processed for tissue homogenization and the levels of TRAP-5, RANKL, and OPG were determined by multiplex assay...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261586/aging-and-veterinary-care-of-cats-dogs-and-horses-through-the-records-of-three-university-veterinary-hospitals
#18
Bruno Cozzi, Cristina Ballarin, Roberto Mantovani, Ada Rota
The present article examines over 63,000 medical records belonging to the Veterinary Hospitals of the Universities of Bologna, Torino, and Padova, all in Northern Italy, and relative to dogs (approximately 50,000), cats (approximately 12,000), and companion horses (slightly less than 1,000). The animals of the three species were divided into age classes and categorized per sex into males, females, and neutered individuals. The mean age at visit and the effects of age classes and category (analyzed via ANOVA) are presented and discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259548/seroprevalence-of-five-neglected-parasitic-diseases-among-immigrants-accessing-five-infectious-and-tropical-diseases-units-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
G Martelli, C Di Girolamo, L Zammarchi, A Angheben, M Morandi, S Tais, M Degani, I El Hamad, S Caligaris, A Ciannameo, E Grilli, L Urbinati, G B Monteiro, C Scarcella, N Petrosillo, M Digaetano, L Rabbi, N Bazzanini, F Cacciatore, B L Marta, M L Moro, A Bartoloni, P Viale, G Verucchi
OBJECTIVE: This multicentre cross-sectional study aims to estimate the prevalence of five neglected tropical diseases (Chagas disease, filariasis, schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis and toxocariasis) among immigrants accessing health care facilities in five Italian cities (Bologna, Brescia, Florence, Rome, Verona). METHODS: Individuals underwent a different set of serological tests, according to country of origin and presence of eosinophilia. Seropositive patients were treated and further followed up...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257651/care-coordination-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cohort-study
#20
Elisa Zanello, Simona Calugi, Lee M Sanders, Jacopo Lenzi, Giacomo Faldella, Paola Rucci, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Care coordination is widely recognized as a key element of care for patients with chronic and complex medical conditions and their families. In care for children with special health care needs the Family Pediatrician (FP) plays a central role as care coordinator. This study aims to evaluate the FPs' activities of care coordination for children with special health care needs in the pediatric primary care setting, using an on-line measurement tool. METHODS: Within the prospective cohort study SpeNK (Special Needs Kids), newborns and children with special health care needs were recruited at discharge from three hospital facilities in Bologna province, from October 1st 2012 to September 30th 2014...
February 3, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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