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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689829/meloidae-of-namibia-coleoptera-taxonomy-and-faunistics-with-biogeographic-and-ecological-notes
#1
Marco A Bologna, Valentina Amore, Monica Pitzalis
The blister beetle (Coleoptera: Meloidae) fauna of Namibia is studied. The species are arranged within a catalogue containing information on their general distribution, including a list of localities and brief taxonomic remarks. Zoogeographic and ecological analyses were carried out and a photographic appendix, with images and maps of almost all Namibian species, is included. According to a chorological analysis, the Namibian blister beetle fauna appears to be zoogeographically distinct because of the dominance of western southern African elements...
January 15, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686870/practical-techniques-in-cryoballoon-ablation-how-to-isolate-inferior-pulmonary-veins
#2
Shaojie Chen, Boris Schmidt, Stefano Bordignon, Fabrizio Bologna, Takahiko Nagase, Laura Perrotta, K R Julian Chun
Catheter ablation is the most effective treatment option for patients suffering from symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins is the procedural cornerstone. Point-by-point radiofrequency current energy ablation in combination with a 3D electro-anatomical mapping system is the established approach to ablation. In contrast, cryoballoon ablation uses a single-shot approach to facilitate pulmonary vein isolation. However, fixed cryoballoon diameters (28 mm or 23 mm) and non-balloon compliance can lead to technical difficulties in isolating variable pulmonary vein anatomies...
March 2018: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684092/weekends-off-efavirenz-based-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-breather-extended-follow-up-results-of-a-randomised-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#3
Anna Turkova, Cecilia L Moore, Karina Butler, Alexandra Compagnucci, Yacine Saïdi, Victor Musiime, Annet Nanduudu, Elizabeth Kaudha, Tim R Cressey, Suwalai Chalermpantmetagul, Karen Scott, Lynda Harper, Samuel Montero, Yoann Riault, Torsak Bunupuradah, Alla Volokha, Patricia M Flynn, Rosa Bologna, Jose T Ramos Amador, Steven B Welch, Eleni Nastouli, Nigel Klein, Carlo Giaquinto, Deborah Ford, Abdel Babiker, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: Weekends off antiretroviral therapy (ART) may help engage HIV-1-infected young people facing lifelong treatment. BREATHER showed short cycle therapy (SCT; 5 days on, 2 days off ART) was non-inferior to continuous therapy (CT) over 48 weeks. Planned follow-up was extended to 144 weeks, maintaining original randomisation. METHODS: BREATHER was an open-label, non-inferiority trial. Participants aged 8-24yrs with virological suppression on efavirenz-based first-line ART were randomised 1:1, stratified by age and African/non-African sites, to remain on CT or change to SCT...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683479/bone-functional-adaptation-does-not-erase-neutral-evolutionary-information
#4
Gina Agostini, Brigitte M Holt, John H Relethford
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether diaphyseal and craniofacial variation similarly reflect neutral genetic variation among modern European and South Africans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diaphyseal and craniofacial data were collected on English, South European, and South African samples. The Relethford-Blangero model was used to compare predicted among-population relationships generated by limb bones relative to those generated by the crania and, further, to test whether adaptive plasticity affected these predicted relationships...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683286/safety-profile-of-chronic-leg-ulcer-biopsy-a-monocentric-retrospective-series-on-866-patients
#5
Carlotta Baraldi, Lidia Sacchelli, Emi Dika, Martina Lambertini, Cosimo Misciali, Tommaso Bianchi, Pier A Fanti
BACKGROUND: Skin biopsy is an important tool for various skin conditions. However, in the case of leg ulcers, some Authors still consider it highly risky and mandatory only in selected cases. METHODS: To evaluate the rate of adverse events after leg ulcers biopsy in 866 consecutive patients referring to our Wound Care Unit in Bologna from January 2008 to December 2016. Two biopsies were performed (from the border and the centre) by the same dermatologist following a standardized structured protocol...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680857/evaluation-of-the-osteoclastogenic-process-associated-with-rank-rank-l-opg-in-odontogenic-myxomas
#6
M-D Gonzalez-Galvan, A Mosqueda-Taylor, R Bologna-Molina, A Setien-Olarra, X Marichalar-Mendia, J-M Aguirre-Urizar
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a benign intraosseous neoplasm that exhibits local aggressiveness and high recurrence rates. Osteoclastogenesis is an important phenomenon in the tumor growth of maxillary neoplasms. RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor κappa B) is the signaling receptor of RANK-L (Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand) that activates the osteoclasts. OPG (osteoprotegerin) is a decoy receptor for RANK-L that inhibits pro-osteoclastogenesis. The RANK / RANKL / OPG system participates in the regulation of osteolytic activity under normal conditions, and its alteration has been associated with greater bone destruction, and also with tumor growth...
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678981/cohort-profile-the-italian-network-of-longitudinal-metropolitan-studies-in-limes-a-multicentre-cohort-for-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-monitoring
#7
Nicola Caranci, Chiara Di Girolamo, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Teresa Spadea, Barbara Pacelli, Serena Broccoli, Paola Ballotari, Giuseppe Costa, Nicolás Zengarini, Nera Agabiti, Anna Maria Bargagli, Laura Cacciani, Cristina Canova, Laura Cestari, Annibale Biggeri, Laura Grisotto, Gianna Terni, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
PURPOSE: The Italian Network of Longitudinal Metropolitan Studies (IN-LiMeS) is a system of integrated data on health outcomes, demographic and socioeconomic information, and represents a powerful tool to study health inequalities. PARTICIPANTS: IN-LiMeS is a multicentre and multipurpose pool of metropolitan population cohorts enrolled in nine Italian cities: Turin, Venice, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna, Florence, Leghorn, Prato and Rome. Data come from record linkage of municipal population registries, the 2001 population census, mortality registers and hospital discharge archives...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676362/expression-of-e-cadherin-syndecan-1-ki-67-and-maintenance-minichromosome-3-in-tissue-lesions-of-actinic-prurigo-obtained-by-incisional-biopsy
#8
Alexandra Mancheno-Valencia, Ronell Eduardo Bologna-Molina, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
Actinic prurigo (AP) is an idiopathic photodermatosis; the initial manifestations usually occur during the first decades of life but can appear at any age. Cases are usually diagnosed late once the lesions have exacerbated; due to the extensive involvement of the vermilion border and the etiology, it has been confused with and related to a potentially malignant process. Syndecan-1 and E-cadherin were positive in the epidermis, with moderate-to-intense staining in 100% of samples. Ki67 and MCM3 were expressed in the lower third of the epidermis and showed greater immunolabeling in samples that contained lymphoid follicles (Ki 67: epidermis [17...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674914/a-new-species-of-diaphorocera-from-morocco-with-unclear-relationships-and-a-key-to-the-species-coleoptera-meloidae-cerocomini
#9
Ladislav Černý, Marco A Bologna
Diaphorocera neglecta sp. n. from Morocco is described. Photos of the new species are provided and male features are figured. The new species has intermediate characters between the groups of D. hemprichi and D. promelaena as defined in the literature. These groups are discussed and a new key to the species is presented.
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670736/expression-of-parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-pthrp-in-ameloblastomas
#10
Rafael Zeballos, Ronell Bologna-Molina, Vanesa Pereira-Prado, Mariana Villarroel-Dorrego
Background: Presence of parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) might suggest that ameloblastomas recapitulate features of the enamel epithelium and induce bone resorption, which would facilitate their growth and local invasion. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of PTHrP in ameloblastomas. Material and Methods: An observational research study was designed including 39 cases of histologically diagnosed ameloblastomas (39 out of 42 patients gave consent for the use of their medical records and all data required for this study)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663562/atrial-fibrillation-ablation-using-cryoballoon-technology-recent-advances-and-practical-techniques
#11
REVIEW
Shaojie Chen, Boris Schmidt, Stefano Bordignon, Fabrizio Bologna, Laura Perrotta, Takahiko Nagase, K R Julian Chun
Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects 1-2% of the population, and its prevalence is estimated to double in the next 50 years as the population ages. AF results in impaired patients' life quality, deteriorated cardiac function and even increased mortality. Antiarrhythmic drugs frequently fail to restore sinus rhythm. Catheter ablation is a valuable treatment approach for AF, even as a first-line therapy strategy in selected patients. Effective electrical pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of all AF ablation strategies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662715/the-effect-of-the-pooling-method-on-the-live-birth-rate-in-poor-ovarian-responders-according-to-the-bologna-criteria
#12
Serdar Çelik, Niyazi Emre Turgut, Dilek Cengiz Çelik, Kübra Boynukalın, Remzi Abalı, Sevim Purisa, Erbil Yağmur, Mustafa Bahçeci
Objective: Pooling is an alternative method to achieve in vitro fertilization outcomes. This study was to investigate the effect of pooling method on pregnancy outcomes in poor responder patients according to Bologna criteria. Materials and Methods: Two hundred-fifty five poor responder patients were enrolled in this study. Pooling embryo transfer (ET) group had 110 and fresh ET group had 145 patients. Results: Although, age was similar between both treatment groups (p=0...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643468/a-standardized-flow-cytometry-network-study-for-the-assessment-of-circulating-endothelial-cell-physiological-ranges
#13
Paola Lanuti, Pasquale Simeone, Gianluca Rotta, Camillo Almici, Giuseppe Avvisati, Rosa Azzaro, Giuseppina Bologna, Alfredo Budillon, Melania Di Cerbo, Elena Di Gennaro, Maria Luisa Di Martino, Annamaria Diodato, Paolo Doretto, Eva Ercolino, Alessandra Falda, Chiara Gregorj, Alessandra Leone, Francesca Losa, Natalia Malara, Mirella Marini, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Vincenzo Mollace, Michele Morelli, Emma Muggianu, Giuseppe Musolino, Arabella Neva, Laura Pierdomenico, Silvia Pinna, Giovanna Piovani, Maria Serena Roca, Domenico Russo, Lorenza Scotti, Maria Cristina Tirindelli, Valentina Trunzo, Roberta Venturella, Carlo Vitagliano, Fulvio Zullo, Marco Marchisio, Sebastiano Miscia
Circulating endothelial cells (CEC) represent a restricted peripheral blood (PB) cell subpopulation with high potential diagnostic value in many endothelium-involving diseases. However, whereas the interest in CEC studies has grown, the standardization level of their detection has not. Here, we undertook the task to align CEC phenotypes and counts, by standardizing a novel flow cytometry approach, within a network of six laboratories. CEC were identified as alive/nucleated/CD45negative/CD34bright/CD146positive events and enumerated in 269 healthy PB samples...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626622/bacteroides-fragilis-a-whole-maldi-based-workflow-from-identification-to-confirmation-of-carbapenemase-production-for-routine-laboratories
#14
M Cordovana, M Kostrzewa, J Sóki, E Witt, S Ambretti, A B Pranada
Bacteroides fragilis is a frequent anaerobic pathogen and can cause severe infections. Resistance to carbapenems, associated with the cfiA gene encoded carbapenemase, represents an emerging problem. To date, no rapid methods are available to detect and confirm this resistance mechanism in routine laboratories, and the missed recognition of carbapenemase-producing strains can lead to therapeutic failures. In this study we have investigated a whole MALDI-TOF MS-based workflow to detect carbapenemase-producing B...
April 4, 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618679/low-risk-of-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-after-contemporary-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-lessons-from-repeat-procedures-after-radiofrequency-current-cryoballoon-and-laser-balloon
#15
Takahiko Nagase, Stefano Bordignon, Laura Perrotta, Fabrizio Bologna, Felix K Weise, Athanasios Konstantinou, Ritsushi Kato, Boris Schmidt, Julian K R Chun
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) after AF ablation following contemporary procedures remains unclear. We compared the incidence of PVS/narrowing (PVS/N) after PV isolation (PVI) for (1) 3-D mapping-guided wide-area encircling irrigated radiofrequency current (RFC) ablation; (2) first-third-generation big cryoballoon (CB1-3) ablation; and (3) laser balloon (LB) ablation.Methods and Results:All patients undergoing a second procedure between January 2012 and November 2016 were subgrouped according to index ablation (PVI): RFC; CB; or LB...
April 5, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615367/boosting-the-ltp-like-plasticity-effect-of-intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-using-gamma-transcranial-alternating-current-stimulation
#16
Andrea Guerra, Antonio Suppa, Matteo Bologna, Valentina D'Onofrio, Edoardo Bianchini, Peter Brown, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Alfredo Berardelli
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) consists in delivering electric current to the brain using an oscillatory pattern that may entrain the rhythmic activity of cortical neurons. When delivered at gamma frequency, tACS modulates motor performance and GABA-A-ergic interneuron activity. OBJECTIVE: Since interneuronal discharges play a crucial role in brain plasticity phenomena, here we co-stimulated the primary motor cortex (M1) in healthy subjects by means of tACS during intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS), a transcranial magnetic stimulation paradigm known to induce long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity...
March 24, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605012/teaching-veterinary-parasitology-in-portugal-in-the-21st-century-changes-challenges-and-opportunities-after-the-bologna-process
#17
Luís Manuel Madeira de Carvalho, Ana Margarida Alho
Veterinary education in Portugal began in 1830, but individualised teaching of parasitology started in 1911 at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon (FMV-ULisboa). Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases were taught in the 3rd and 4th years of the veterinary course, respectively. In 2007/2008, a new curriculum was implemented as a consequence of the Bologna Process (BP), with Parasitology converted into "Parasitology I" (General Parasitology, Arthropods and Protozoology) and "Parasitology II" (Helminthology), being taught in the 1st and 2nd semesters of the 2nd year of the course, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590155/unravelling-biocultural-population-structure-in-4th-3rd-century-bc-monterenzio-vecchio-bologna-italy-through-a-comparative-analysis-of-strontium-isotopes-non-metric-dental-evidence-and-funerary-practices
#18
Rita Sorrentino, Eugenio Bortolini, Federico Lugli, Giuseppe Mancuso, Laura Buti, Gregorio Oxilia, Antonino Vazzana, Carla Figus, Maria Cristina Serrangeli, Cristiana Margherita, Annachiara Penzo, Giorgio Gruppioni, Antonio Gottarelli, Klaus Peter Jochum, Maria Giovanna Belcastro, Anna Cipriani, Robin N M Feeney, Stefano Benazzi
The 4th century BC marks the main entrance of Celtic populations in northern Italy. Their arrival has been suggested based on the presence of Celtic customs in Etruscan mortuary contexts, yet up to now few bioarchaeological data have been examined to support or reject the arrival of these newcomers. Here we use strontium isotopes, non-metric dental traits and funerary patterns to unravel the biocultural structure of the necropolis of Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy). Subsamples of our total sample of 38 individuals were analyzed based on different criteria characterizing the following analyses: 1) strontium isotope analysis to investigate migratory patterns and provenance; 2) non-metric dental traits to establish biological relationships between Monterenzio Vecchio, 13 Italian Iron age necropolises and three continental and non-continental Celtic necropolises; 3) grave goods which were statistically explored to detect possible patterns of cultural variability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582961/-case-of-sialadenitis-by-iodinated-contrast-medium-in-a-dialysis-patient
#19
Mariadelina Simeoni, Rosalba Di Vilio, Giuseppe Leonardi, Silvia Bologna, Antonello Cardone, Annamaria Cerantonio, Domenico Sculco, Giuseppe Chiarella, Giorgio Fuiano
Background: Sialadenitis by iodinated contrast medium (i.c.m) oriodine mumps (IM) is a rare and late benign manifestation that occurs independently of intravenous or endoarterial administration modality. If renal function is normal, i.c.m. does not reach salivary glands concentrations able to induce sialadenitis. However, a critical glomerular filtration reduction may lead to salivary ducts edema and glandular swelling after i.c.m. injection. We report a rare case report of IM in a patient on chronic hemodialysis...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580767/fatty-liver-index-is-associated-to-pulse-wave-velocity-in-healthy-subjects-data-from-the-brisighella-heart-study
#20
Arrigo F G Cicero, Stefano Gitto, Federica Fogacci, Martina Rosticci, Marina Giovannini, Sergio D'Addato, Pietro Andreone, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is associated to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to evaluate association of indexes of fatty liver with arterial stiffness (AS). METHODS: We analyzed data of adult volunteers visited during the last Brisighella survey. We evaluated the Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and the following non-invasive indexes of liver steatosis: Fatty Liver Index (FLI), Lipid Accumulation Product (LAP), Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI)...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
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