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Endourology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056561/survey-of-abdominal-access-and-associated-morbidity-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-rarp-does-palmer-s-point-warrant-further-awareness-and-study
#1
William K Johnston Iii, Susan Linsell, David Christopher Miller, Khurshid R Ghani
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic access for RARP is often initiated in the peri-umbilical location. Palmer's Point, located in the left upper quadrant, has been reported as an alternative access site for pelvic laparoscopy to reduce morbidity, but not widely reported among urologists. To better understand surgeons' preferences for access and its associated morbidity during RARP, we surveyed surgeons from two urological organizations. METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire that assessed training, experience, and preferences for RARP was emailed in December 2014 to members of the Endourology Society (ES) and the Michigan Urological Society Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC) ...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009141/operative-cystoscopy-in-the-neonatal-period
#2
Salvatore Arena, Tiziana Russo, Patrizia Perrone, Carmelo Romeo
Aim of the study is to report the experience in the last three years about endourological treatment of newborns affected by genito- and urinary malformation, implying critical urinary tract dilatation and bladder mass requiring a neonatal operative management. Seven - four males and three female - patients were treated cystoscopically during the neonatal period. Three newborns with a posterior urethral valves (PUV), underwent a successful ablation of PUV. In a male with infected persistent large mullerian duct and subsequent acute urinary retention, a cystoscopically-assisted catheterization was performed...
December 20, 2016: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988848/first-clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-single-use-flexible-cystoscope-dedicated-to-double-j-stent-removal-isiris%C3%A2-a-european-prospective-multicenter-study
#3
Steeve Doizi, Guido Kamphuis, Guido Giusti, J L Palmero, J M Patterson, Silvia Proietti, Michael Straub, Jean de la Rosette, Olivier Traxer
PURPOSE: We evaluated a new single-use digital flexible cystoscope with an integrated grasper designed for double-J stent removal, Isiris™, addressing success rate, image quality, deflection, maneuverability and grasper functionality. METHODS: In September 2015, a prospective cohort study was conducted in six tertiary European reference centers. All consecutive patients included underwent double-J stent removal and were 18 years or older. Success rate was defined by complete stent removal...
December 17, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958620/evolution-in-the-approach-to-overlooked-ureteral-injuries-after-gynecological-surgery
#4
Tomasz Borkowski, Janusz Judycki, Andrzej Borkowski, Maciej Czaplicki, Piotr Radziszewski
OBJECTIVES: To analyzed the therapeutic results for patients with overlooked iatrogenic ureteral injuries after gynecological surgery, treated at the department since 1990. Before the era of endourology, ureteral injuries were operated on immediately after making a diagnosis. This approach was changed after the popularization of percutaneous nephrostomy (PN) and ureteral stenting using a JJ stent. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 27 patients who were diagnosed with a ureteral injury between the first and sixty-fourth day after injury were included...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951741/outcomes-of-reintervention-after-failed-urethroplasty
#5
Teresa Olsen Ekerhult, Klas Lindqvist, Ralph Peeker, Lars Grenabo
OBJECTIVE: Urethroplasty is a procedure that has a high success rate. However, there exists a small subgroup of patients who require multiple procedures to achieve an acceptable result. This study analyses the outcomes of a series of patients with failed urethroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 82 failures out of 407 patients who underwent urethroplasty due to urethral stricture during the period 1999-2013. Failure was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure...
December 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913238/contemporary-ureteroscopic-management-of-renal-stones
#6
S Proietti, T Knoll, G Giusti
The advancements in the endourological armamentarium and the evolution of ureteroscopes with the advent of fiberoptic first and then digital technology, the introduction of holmium laser lithotripters, together with the increasing number of requests for minimally invasive procedures has ameliorated outcomes, patients' safety and comfort, making the use of flexible ureteroscopy for urinary calculi increasingly attractive and widespread among urological community. Due to its high stone-free rates and low morbidity, flexible ureteroscopy has become a viable option for the treatment of renal stones...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900217/can-endourology-fellowship-training-enhance-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-urology-practice
#7
Ahmed M Al-Kandari, Yehya Elshebiny, Hamdy Ibrahim, Ahmad AlShammari, Ahmed A Shokeir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of fellowship training in endourology on different endourological procedures in a single institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The operative records of endourological and open surgeries were reviewed. Data analysed included numbers, types, and technical issues related to surgeries. The early study period ranged from September 1998 to September 2004, and the later period from January 2014 to June 2016. The study duration was classified into three periods according to the availability of an endourology fellowship trained member of staff (EFTS)...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891391/identification-and-cost-of-disposable-endourological-devices-for-nephrolithiasis-a-cross-sectional-study-among-urological-trainees
#8
Eoin D Mac Craith, Niall F Davis, Cliodhna Browne, David J Galvin, David M Quinlan, Gerald M Lennon, David W Mulvin
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge on health economics among urology trainees is not formally assessed. The cost of commonly utilised endourological devices may not be considered by trainees. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to assess whether urology trainees were knowledgeable on identification and cost of commonly used disposable devices in the management of nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty urology trainees in Ireland were invited to complete a visual online questionnaire on the identification of 10 frequently utilised disposable endourological devices...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889960/current-management-in-transurethral-therapy-of-benign-prostatic-obstruction-in-patients-on-oral-anticoagulation-a-worldwide-questionnaire
#9
Benedikt Becker, Sophie Knipper, Andreas J Gross, Christopher Netsch
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current treatment of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) in patients on ongoing oral anticoagulation (OA). METHODS: An Internet survey was sent to all active members of the Endourological Society. The survey contained 32 questions regarding transurethral treatment of BPO in patients on ongoing OA, different techniques, and arising complications. RESULTS: Out of all members (n = 2000) of the Endourological Society, 133 participated in our survey...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888151/examining-pediatric-cases-from-the-clinical-research-office-of-the-endourological-society-ureteroscopy-global-study
#10
Selcuk Guven, Abbas Basiri, Anil Kumar Varshney, Ibrahim Atilla Aridogan, Hiroyasu Miura, Mark White, Mehmet Kilinc, Jean de la Rosette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of ureteroscopy (URS) in children treated in several hospitals participating in the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) Study, and to present the overall results of pediatric URS compared with adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CROES Study collected data on consecutive patients treated with URS for urolithiasis at each participating center over a 1-year period. The collected prospective global database includes data for 11,885 patients who received URS at 114 centers in 32 countries...
November 22, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868099/endourologic-and-open-ureterolithotomy-and-common-sheath-reimplant-for-large-bladder-and-distal-ureteral-calculi
#11
Madeline Cancian, Joseph Brito, Joseph Renzulli, Gyan Pareek
A twenty-eight-year-old female with a history of suprapubic pain and recurrent urinary tract infections presents for urology referral with a kidney, ureter, and bladder radiograph showing a 4.4 cm bladder calculus and 6.5 cm distal left ureteral stone. She underwent effective cystolitholapaxy of the bladder stone. Endourologic attempt (left ureteroscopy) was unsuccessful because of ureteral stone burden. Findings at ureteroscopy revealed a duplicated system on the left with the lower pole moiety joining just proximal to the ureteral orifice...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868092/endourologic-diagnosis-and-robotic-treatment-of-a-giant-fibroepithelial-polyp-of-the-ureter
#12
Francesco Cattaneo, Fabio Zattoni, Luca Meggiato, Claudio Valotto, Fabrizio Dal Moro, Marina Paola Gardiman, Paolo Beltrami, Filiberto Zattoni
Background: Fibroepithelial polyps (FEPs) are a rare cause of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. Radiologists and urologists are not always confident with this disease because of its rarity, complex diagnosis, and heterogeneity of the available treatment options. Case Presentation: We present the endourologic diagnosis and the robotic management of a ureteral polyp close to the left UPJ. A 16-year-old woman with a 12 years history of left lumbar pain was referred to our Center. A computed tomography scan detected a left hydronephrosis with no signs of obstructions at MAG-3 scintigraphy...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868091/aftermath-of-grade-3-ureteral-injury-from-passage-of-a-ureteral-access-sheath-disaster-or-deliverance
#13
Roshan M Patel, Zhamshid Okhunov, Kamaljot Kaler, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral access sheath (UAS) has revolutionized the management of urinary pathology in the upper tract by providing rapid repeatable access to the upper urinary tract. However, in many practices, it remains a controversial tool in endourology given concerns of possible ureteral injury and presumed long-term sequela from those injuries. This case suggests that these concerns may be more hypothetical than real. Case Presentation: A 32-year-old female with a history of recurrent nephrolithiasis presented with left-sided symptomatic renal colic...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867851/percutaneous-endoscopic-treatment-for-urinary-stones-in-pediatric-patients-where-we-are-now
#14
Paolo Caione, Giuseppe Collura, Michele Innocenzi, Mauro De Dominicis, Simona Gerocarni Nappo, Nicola Capozza
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been adopted for pyelo-calyceal stones treatment in pediatric patients, starting from the 90's. Very recently, miniaturization of endoscopic instruments allowed less invasive procedures with low complication rate. We reviewed our experience on upper tract stone treatment utilizing two different percutaneous accesses, focusing on the recent new miniaturized devices offered for pediatric renal stones. METHODS: Patients presenting upper tract urinary stones observed from January 2011 to December 2015 and treated by percutaneous renal access were prospectively evaluated: age, sex, metabolic issues, associated abnormalities, treatment modalities, hospital stay and complication rate were recorded in a specific database...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867850/minimal-access-surgery-in-the-management-of-pediatric-urolithiasis
#15
Ana Catarina Fragoso, Henry Steyaert, Pierre Arnaud, Ciro Esposito, Jose Estevao-Costa, Jean-Stephane Valla
BACKGROUND: In contrast to adult patients, a relatively large number of open surgical procedures are still needed in the treatment of urolithiasis in children. Since almost all open surgical techniques may be reproduced by minimal access surgery (MAS), there is a rationale to apply the latter in the management of pediatric urolithiasis. Our study aimed to assess the feasibility and outcome of MAS in the treatment of pediatric urinary calculi. METHODS: The charts of patients with urolithiasis submitted to MAS between 1994 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856356/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-a-critical-review
#16
REVIEW
Arvind P Ganpule, Mohankumar Vijayakumar, Ankur Malpani, Mahesh R Desai
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the preferred treatment of choice for renal calculi. PCNL has evolved remarkably since the eighties when it was first described. APPROACH: Approach might be by either supine or prone and the access is made with the help of either fluoroscopy or ultrasound. Recently endoscopy guided puncture has also been described. MINIATURIZATION: Traditionally the tract size for PCNL used to be 30Fr. Even though the stone clearance rate was good there were complications such as bleeding With the advent of excellent optics and advances in stone fragmentation the tract size has reduced to a great extent which has reduced the complications without compromising the stone clearance...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856354/robotic-assisted-surgery-and-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#17
REVIEW
Khurram Mutahir Siddiqui, David Mois Albala
Advancement in surgical management of urolithiasis has revolved around improvements in technology. Urologists have been at the forefront on embracing new technology and passing on the benefits to the patients. Da Vinci(®) robotic system has contributed significantly in improving the outcomes of minimally invasive procedures especially those requiring complex resections and reconstruction. Endourological and percutaneous techniques have established superiority in management of urolithiasis and majority of the patients are ideal candidates for such procedures...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856353/urolithiasis-in-renal-transplant-donors-and-recipients-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Ahmed M Harraz, Ahmed I Kamal, Ahmed A Shokeir
Urolithiasis in the context of renal transplant is a quite rare event that requires keeping a higher index of suspicion and vigilance. Donors with incidentally discovered asymptomatic renal stones "donor gifted lithiasis" are potentially considered for donation should they are not recurrent stone formers and in the absence of active biochemical disorders. Stone clearance from the donors can be done before donation using shock wave lithotripsy and/or flexible ureteroscopy. Ex vivo ureteroscopy at time of transplant is equally feasible and safe...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853528/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-urolithiasis
#19
REVIEW
Walter L Strohmaier
During the last few years, there has been relevant progress in both understanding and managing urolithiasis. Our knowledge of stone formation has changed; although the importance of urine biochemistry was questioned by several investigators years ago, the decisive role of cellular processes (induced by oxidative stress) and the renal papilla has only recently been generally accepted as the most important step in stone formation. For calcium oxalate urolithiasis, the formation of papillary calcifications plays a key role and is of prognostic relevance...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845143/re-do-we-really-need-to-wear-proper-eye-protection-when-using-holmium-yag-laser-during-endourologic-procedures-results-from-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-animal-model-on-pig-eyes
#20
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