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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#1
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818204/geometry-as-a-confounder-when-assessing-ventricular-systolic-function-comparison-between-ejection-fraction-and-strain
#2
Thomas M Stokke, Nina E Hasselberg, Marit K Smedsrud, Sebastian I Sarvari, Kristina H Haugaa, Otto A Smiseth, Thor Edvardsen, Espen W Remme
BACKGROUND: Preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and reduced myocardial strain are reported in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and more. OBJECTIVES: The authors performed a combined mathematical and echocardiographic study to understand the inconsistencies between EF and strains. METHODS: An analytical equation showing the relationship between EF and the 4 parameters, global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), wall thickness, and short-axis diameter, was derived from an elliptical LV model...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817329/assessing-years-of-life-lost-versus-number-of-deaths-in-the-united-states-1995-2015
#3
Glen B Taksler, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess years of life lost to each cause of death in the United States between 1995 and 2015, and compare it with the number of deaths. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics mortality data and defined "life-years lost" as remaining life expectancy for each decedent's age, sex, and race. We calculated the share of life-years lost to each cause of death in each year, and examined reasons for changes. RESULTS: In 2015, heart disease caused the most deaths, but cancer caused 23% more life-years lost...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814949/physicians-views-on-the-role-of-smoking-in-smoking-related-diseases-findings-from-cross-sectional-studies-from-1982-2014-in-estonia
#4
Kersti Pärna, Mariliis Põld, Inge Ringmets
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have shown that physicians who smoke underestimate the effects of smoking on health and this influences their practice. This study was designed to investigate the views of Estonian physicians on the role of smoking in smoking-related diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional postal surveys were sent to all practising physicians in Estonia in 1982, 2002 and 2014 providing data from 3504, 2694, and 2865 physicians respectively. Data analysis involved calculation of the prevalence of smoking with 95% confidence intervals and calculation of the prevalence of agreement with a causal role of smoking in ischaemic heart disease (IHD), lung cancer and chronic bronchitis...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810641/allicin-improves-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-hyperhomocysteinemia
#5
De-Shan Liu, Shu-Li Wang, Jun-Mei Li, Er-Shun Liang, Ming-Zhong Yan, Wei Gao
Homocysteine (Hcy) is an important and independent risk factor for atherosclerotic diseases, such as coronary artery disease and ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) is a non-invasive marker of systemic atherosclerosis. Allicin treatment may decrease serum Hcy levels and improve impaired endothelial function in rats with hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). The present study hypothesized that allicin has an anti-atherosclerotic effect in coronary heart disease and tested the effects of allicin treatment on carotid artery IMT and plasma Hcy levels in coronary heart disease patients with HHcy...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809063/color-and-power-doppler-combined-with-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-to-evaluate-the-fetal-heart
#6
L Yeo, R Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of color and bidirectional power Doppler ultrasound combined with Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE) in examining the fetal heart. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted of fetuses in the second and third trimesters with a normal heart or with congenital heart disease (CHD). One or more spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume datasets, combined with color or bidirectional power Doppler (S-flow) imaging, were acquired in the apical four-chamber view...
August 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808790/health-risks-in-the-cleaning-industry-a-belgian-census-linked-mortality-study-1991-2011
#7
Laura Van den Borre, Patrick Deboosere
PURPOSE: Cleaning work has been associated with a wide range of occupational health hazards. However, little is known about mortality risks in the cleaning industry. This study examines differences in cause-specific mortality between cleaners, manual and non-manual workers. METHODS: Using exhaustive census-linked mortality data, the total Belgian working population aged 30-60 was selected from the 1991 census. Analyses were based on 202,339 male and 58,592 female deaths between 1 March 1991 and 31 December 2011...
August 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805463/oxygen-uptake-at-aerobic-threshold-is-inversely-associated-with-fatal-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-events
#8
Setor K Kunutsor, Sudhir Kurl, Hassan Khan, Francesco Zaccardi, Rainer Rauramaa, Jari A Laukkanen
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the associations of oxygen uptake at aerobic threshold (VO2 at AT) with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: VO2 at AT was assessed in 1,663 middle-aged men in a cohort study. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated for sudden cardiac death (SCD), fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 25.6 years, 138 SCDs, 209 fatal CHDs, 333 fatal CVDs, and 719 all-cause mortality events occurred...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804861/trends-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-amenable-mortality-in-switzerland-with-international-comparisons
#9
Anita Feller, Kurt Schmidlin, Kerri M Clough-Gorr
BACKGROUND: Amenable mortality is a composite measure of deaths from conditions that might be avoided by timely and effective healthcare. It was developed as an indicator to study health care quality. METHODS: We calculated mortality rates for the population aged 0-74 years for the time-period 1996-2010 and the following groups of causes of death: amenable conditions, ischaemic heart diseases (IHD, defined as partly amenable) and remaining conditions. We compared the Swiss results with those published for 16 other high-income countries...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797569/the-impact-of-multiple-blood-donations-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-insight-of-lipid-profile
#10
M A Bani-Ahmad, O F Khabour, M Y Gharibeh, K N Alshlool
OBJECTIVES: The reduction in blood viscosity and iron store were proposed to be connected to the reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among multiple blood donors. Herein, we evaluated the modulation of serum lipids levels in accordance with donation events. Furthermore, atherogenic impacts on the risk of CVD were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 voluntarily male donors were included in the study. Fifty donors were multiple time donors (MTD) and 50 were single time donors (STD)...
August 7, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797414/lower-transaortic-flow-rate-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-aortic-valve%C3%A2-stenosis
#11
Sahrai Saeed, Roxy Senior, Navtej S Chahal, Mai Tone Lønnebakken, John B Chambers, Edda Bahlmann, Eva Gerdts
OBJECTIVES: The association of transaortic flow rate (FR) with outcomes was tested in 1,661 patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) in the SEAS (Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis) study. BACKGROUND: Low transaortic flow may complicate grading of AS. However, the association of lower transaortic FR with adverse outcomes has not been reported. METHODS: Transaortic FR was calculated from Doppler-derived stroke volume in milliliters divided by systolic ejection time in seconds and considered low if <200 ml/s...
August 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#12
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795655/the-use-of-heart-rate-turbulence-and-heart-rate-variability-in-the-assessment-of-autonomic-regulation-and-circadian-rhythm-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-without-apparent-heart-disease
#13
A R Poliwczak, E Waszczykowska, B Dziankowska-Bartkowiak, M Koziróg, K Dworniak
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus is a progressive autoimmune disease. There are reports suggesting that patients even without overt signs of cardiovascular complications have impaired autonomic function. The aim of this study was to assess autonomic function using heart rate turbulence and heart rate variability parameters indicated in 24-hour ECG Holter monitoring. Methods Twenty-six women with systemic lupus erythematosus and 30 healthy women were included. Twenty-four hour ambulatory ECG-Holter was performed in home conditions...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782911/simulation-of-aortopulmonary-collateral-flow-in-fontan-patients-for-use-in-prediction-of-interventional-outcomes
#14
Petter Frieberg, Pia Sjöberg, Johan Revstedt, Einar Heiberg, Petru Liuba, Marcus Carlsson
PURPOSE: Patients with complex congenital heart disease may need to be converted to a Fontan circulation with systemic venous return surgically connected to the pulmonary circulation. These patients frequently form aortopulmonary collaterals (APC), that is arterial inflows to the pulmonary artery vascular tree. The aim of this study was to develop a method to calculate the effect of APC on the pulmonary flow distribution based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements and computational fluid dynamics simulations in order to enable prediction of interventional outcomes in Fontan patients...
August 7, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781116/acceleration-time-and-ratio-of-acceleration-time%C3%A2-to-ejection-time-in-aortic-stenosis-new%C3%A2-echocardiographic-diagnostic-parameters
#15
Sergio Gamaza-Chulián, Enrique Díaz-Retamino, Santiago Camacho-Freire, Dolores Ruiz-Fernández, Alejandro Gutiérrez-Barrios, Jesús Oneto-Otero
BACKGROUND: Inconsistencies between gradients and aortic valve area are frequent in the echocardiographic evaluation of aortic stenosis (AS). Assessing AS severity is essential for the correct management of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ejection dynamics, particularly acceleration time (AT) and the ratio of AT to ejection time (ET), could be diagnostic parameters in patients with AS. METHODS: Patients with AS (aortic peak velocity > 2 m/sec) were prospectively enrolled...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781064/cardiovascular-mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-following-initiation-of-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-versus-other-glucose-lowering-drugs-cvd-real-nordic-a-multinational-observational-analysis
#16
Kåre I Birkeland, Marit E Jørgensen, Bendix Carstensen, Frederik Persson, Hanne L Gulseth, Marcus Thuresson, Peter Fenici, David Nathanson, Thomas Nyström, Jan W Eriksson, Johan Bodegård, Anna Norhammar
BACKGROUND: In patients with type 2 diabetes and a high cardiovascular risk profile, the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors empagliflozin and canagliflozin have been shown to lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Using real-world data from clinical practice, we aimed to compare cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in new users of SGLT2 inhibitors versus new users of other glucose-lowering drugs, in a population with a broad cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: CVD-REAL Nordic was an observational analysis of individual patient-level data from the Prescribed Drug Registers, Cause of Death Registers, and National Patient Registers in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden...
August 3, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776137/ethnic-differences-in-the-risk-factors-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-patient-based-study-in-iran
#17
Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Örjan Sundin, Arash Jalali, Joaquim Soares, Gloria Macassa
BACKGROUND: Diverse ethnic groups may differ regarding the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to assess the association between ethnicity and CAD risk and severity in six major Iranian ethnic groups. METHODS: In this study, 20,165 documented coronary artery disease patients who underwent coronary angiography at a tertiary referral heart center were recruited. The demographic, laboratory, clinical, and risk factor data of all the patients were retrieved...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775061/association-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-versus-apolipoprotein-a-i-with-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-norfolk-prospective-population-study-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study-and-the-women
#18
Julian C van Capelleveen, Andrea E Bochem, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Samia Mora, Ron C Hoogeveen, Christie M Ballantyne, Paul M Ridker, Wensheng Sun, Philip J Barter, Alan R Tall, Aeilko H Zwinderman, John J P Kastelein, Nick J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, G Kees Hovingh
BACKGROUND: The contribution of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk stratification over and above high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is unclear. We studied the associations between plasma levels of HDL-C and apoA-I, either alone or combined, with risk of CHD events and cardiovascular risk factors among apparently healthy men and women. METHODS AND RESULTS: HDL-C and apoA-I levels were measured among 17 661 participants of the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer)-Norfolk prospective population study...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772096/prospective-identification-of-patients-at-risk-for-unwarranted-variation-in-treatment
#19
Amy S Kelley, Evan Bollens-Lund, Kenneth E Covinsky, Jonathan S Skinner, R Sean Morrison
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors associated with treatment intensity may help ensure higher value healthcare. OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with Medicare costs among prospectively identified, seriously ill older adults and examine if baseline prognosis influences the impact of these factors. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: Prospective observation of Health and Retirement Study cohort with linked Medicare claims. MEASUREMENTS: We identified people with incident serious illness (a serious medical condition, for example, metastatic cancer or functional impairment); calculated subjects' one-year mortality risk; and then followed them for one year...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772046/gender-adjusted-and-age-adjusted-economic-inpatient-burden-of-congestive-heart-failure-cost-and-disability-adjusted-life-year-analysis
#20
Khal Salem, Osama ElKhateeb
AIMS: The two components of disability-adjusted life year (DALY), years of life lost (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD), are underutilized in evaluating heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and in assessing the global burden of disease. We aim to describe both the direct (medical) and the indirect (morbidity and mortality) inpatient cost of congestive heart failure in a high-income non-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Middle Eastern country in relation to YLL and YLD...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
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