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health promotion in the adult and geriatric cancer population

Kah Poh Loh, Colin McHugh, Supriya G Mohile, Karen Mustian, Marie Flannery, Heidi Klepin, Rebecca Schnall, Eva Culakova, Erika Ramsdale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Older adults with cancer have complex medical needs and often experience higher rates of treatment-related toxicities compared to their younger counterparts. The advent of health information technologies can address multiple gaps in the care of this population. We review the role of existing and emerging technologies in facilitating the use of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in routine clinics, promoting symptom reporting, and monitoring medication adherence...
March 6, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Karina I Halilova, Courtney P Williams, Kelly M Kenzik, Elizabeth A Kvale, Grant R Williams, Karen Meneses, Margaret Sullivan, Supriya Kumar Yagnik, Hans-Peter Goertz, Gabrielle B Rocque
BACKGROUND: As the population of older adults with cancer continues to grow, the most important factors contributing to their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 1457 older adults (aged ≥65 years) with cancer participated in a telephone survey. Outcomes were measured using the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores of the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) from the Medical Outcomes Study (version 2)...
February 1, 2018: Cancer
G Berrut, S Andrieu, I Araujo de Carvalho, J P Baeyens, H Bergman, B Cassim, F Cerreta, M Cesari, H B Cha, L K Chen, A Cherubini, M Y Chou, A J Cruz-Jentoft, L De Decker, P Du, B Forette, F Forette, A Franco, R Guimaraes, L M Guttierrez-Robledo, J Jauregui, V Khavinson, W J Lee, L N Peng, C Perret-Guillaume, M Petrovic, F Retornaz, K Rockwood, L Rodriguez-Manas, C Sieber, G Spatharakis, O Theou, E Topinkova, B Vellas, A Benetos
UNLABELLED: Frailty tends to be considered as a major risk for adverse outcomes in older persons, but some important aspects remain matter of debate. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to present expert's positions on the main aspects of the frailty syndrome in the older persons. PARTICIPANTS: Workshop organized by International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG), World Health Organization (WHO) and Société Française de Gériatrie et de Gérontologie (SFGG)...
2013: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
George Demiris, Ardith Z Doorenbos, Cara Towle
Life expectancy increases and ongoing growth of the population older than 65 have led to new models of aging research aimed at promoting independence and empowerment of older adults. Advances in information technology have introduced numerous ways to enhance or expand health care and support service research and development. The purpose of this article is to discuss ethical considerations associated with the use of technology with older adults in research and practice and to present a framework for such ethical parameters...
April 2009: Research in Gerontological Nursing
Suzanne M Miller, Deborah J Bowen, Jennifer Lyle, Melissa Clark, David Mohr, Jane Wardle, Rachel Ceballos, Karen Emmons, Ellen Gritz, Laura Marlow
Cancer-specific primary prevention efforts for the geriatric population are not understood well and currently are underused despite the rapidly growing elderly population. It has been established that lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, dietary changes, and increasing physical activity, decrease the incidence of cancer in younger populations. However, a multitude of conceptual, methodological, and dissemination challenges arise when the objective is to apply primary prevention of cancer to the elderly...
December 15, 2008: Cancer
Mary C Spalding, Sean C Sebesta
Preventive health care decisions and recommendations become more complex as the population ages. The leading causes of death (i.e., heart disease, malignant neoplasms, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease) among older adults mirror the actual causes of death (i.e., tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity) among persons of all ages. Many aspects of mortality in older adults are modifiable through behavior change. Patients 65 years and older should be counseled on smoking cessation, diets rich in healthy fats, aerobic exercise, and strength training...
July 15, 2008: American Family Physician
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements and Chronic Disease Prevention. PARTICIPANTS: A non-DHHS, non-advocate 13-member panel included experts in the fields of food science and human nutrition, biostatistics, biochemistry, toxicology, geriatric medicine, family medicine, pediatrics and pediatric endocrinology, cancer prevention, epidemiology, disease prevention and health promotion, and consumer protection...
May 15, 2006: NIH Consensus and State-of-the-science Statements
Kathleen M McTigue, Rachel Hess, Jennifer Ziouras
OBJECTIVE: Although obesity is increasing in older U.S. adults, treatment is controversial in this age group. We sought to examine evidence concerning obesity's health-related risks, diagnostic methods, and treatment outcomes in older individuals. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases, consulted with experts, and examined bibliographies for English language studies discussing obesity in older adults (mean age > or = 60), published between January 1980 and November 2005...
September 2006: Obesity
Cheryl Chia-Hui Chen, Amy L Kenefick, Siew Tzuh Tang, Ruth McCorkle
A growing and diverse aging population, recent advances in research on aging and cancer, and the fact that a disproportional burden of cancer still occurs in people aged 65 years and older have generated great interest in delivering better cancer care for older adults. This is particularly true as more survivors of cancer live to experience cancer as a chronic disease. Cancer and its treatment precipitate classic geriatric syndromes such as falls, malnutrition, delirium, and urinary incontinence. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), by taking all patient's needs into account and by incorporating patient's wishes for the level of aggressiveness of treatment, offers a model of integrating medical care with social support services...
January 2004: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Barbara Resnick
The world's population is getting older. Consequently, the World Health Organization has focused efforts on health promotion activities for these individuals. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that influence health promotion behaviours and to describe the impact of an individualized approach to decision-making with regard to health promotion activities in a group of older adults living in a continuing care retirement community. The study used a single group pre- and post-test design that included a total of 134 residents...
January 2003: Journal of Clinical Nursing
A Rieder
The potential for good health is largely dependent on the prevention and reduction of early onset of fatal disease and death. The male population, in particular, is at risk from early onset of fatal disease and death. Prevention strategies must be developed in order to reduce the risk factors leading to the currently most common causes of death (heart disease, cancer, accidents). Due to the increase in life expectancy, however, other illnesses generally affecting the elderly population (osteoporosis, dementia, cancer, heart attack, incontinence etc...
2001: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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