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adenoids, hearing loss, hearing aids

Matteo Gelardi, Lucia Iannuzzi, Antonio Greco Miani, Simone Cazzaniga, Luigi Naldi, Concetta De Luca, Nicola Quaranta
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is a frequent cause of upper airways obstructive syndromes associated to middle ear and paranasal sinuses disorders, swallowing and voice disorders, sleep quality disorders, and occasionally facial dysmorphisms. ATH treatment is essentially based on a number of medical-surgical aids including nasal irrigation with topical antibiotics and corticosteroids and/or treatment with systemic corticosteroids, immunoregulators, thermal treatments, adenotonsillectomy, etc...
November 2013: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
M Tshifularo, L Govender, G Monama
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of HIV infection. According to recent census statistics, 5.6 million people in South Africa (SA) are HIV-positive, the highest number of infected individuals worldwide. Over 80% of HIV-infected individuals will present with ear, nose and throat (ENT) manifestations. Previous studies show that oral diseases seem to be the most common ENT-related manifestation, reported in about 40 - 50% of HIV-infected patients. In SA, there is lack of local information regarding the otolaryngological and head and neck manifestations in HIV-infected individuals...
July 2013: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
A Drake-Lee, M Stevenson, I Donaldson
We report a case of previously undiagnosed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who had a mass in the post-nasal space causing almost complete nasal obstruction. Histology showed both respiratory and squamous epithelium covering an active chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Lymphoma, Kaposi's sarcoma and infiltrative fungal sinusitis were excluded. There was no evidence of the common viruses associated with lesions in AIDS. Unlike adenoid hypertrophy, the lesion was an exuberant growth with an additional chronic inflammatory reaction due to ulceration of the surface epithelium...
August 1996: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
S P Kieserman, J Stern
Lymphadenopathy and nasal obstruction are very common in the HIV-positive patient and may or may not reveal a nasopharyngeal tumor. Biopsy is warranted if there is evidence suggestive of lymphoma or other neoplastic disease. This would include progressive rapid enlargement observed on examination or CT scan, an asymmetric growth pattern, and evidence of invasion of normal anatomic boundaries. It is certain that not all cases of adenoid hypertrophy that occurs early in the course of HIV disease represent a malignancy...
October 1995: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
T R Flynn, E Eisenberg
Trotter's syndrome is a clinical triad of unilateral deafness, neuralgia affecting branches of the trigeminal nerve, and defective mobility of the soft palate, which is caused by malignant tumors involving the lateral pharyngeal recess (Rosenm├╝ller's fossa). It is an ominous presentation, which can masquerade as dental or masticatory pain. Computerized tomography (CT) can be used not only to explain the anatomic basis of Trotter's syndrome but also to determine the extent and distribution of the malignant tumor involved...
May 1986: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
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