keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

endothelial heterogeneity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734678/improvement-of-adipose-tissue-derived-cells-by-low-energy-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy
#1
Eleni Priglinger, Christina M A P Schuh, Carolin Steffenhagen, Christoph Wurzer, Julia Maier, Sylvia Nuernberger, Wolfgang Holnthoner, Christiane Fuchs, Susanne Suessner, Dominik Rünzler, Heinz Redl, Susanne Wolbank
BACKGROUND: Cell-based therapies with autologous adipose tissue-derived cells have shown great potential in several clinical studies in the last decades. The majority of these studies have been using the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), a heterogeneous mixture of fibroblasts, lymphocytes, monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells, endothelial progenitor cells, pericytes and adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC) among others. Although possible clinical applications of autologous adipose tissue-derived cells are manifold, they are limited by insufficient uniformity in cell identity and regenerative potency...
July 19, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730141/extracellular-vesicles-as-modulators-of-tumor-microenvironment-and-disease-progression-in-glioma
#2
REVIEW
Abir Mondal, Divya Kumari Singh, Suchismita Panda, Anjali Shiras
Diffuse gliomas are lethal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by infiltrative growth, aggressive nature, and therapeutic resistance. The recent 2016 WHO classification for CNS tumors categorizes diffuse glioma into two major types that include IDH wild-type glioblastoma, which is the predominant type and IDH-mutant glioblastoma, which is less common and displays better prognosis. Recent studies suggest presence of a distinct cell population with stem cell features termed as glioma stem cells (GSCs) to be causal in driving tumor growth in glioblastoma...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714017/targeting-vegfr-and-fgfr-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-vitro
#3
Roman C Brands, Luise M Knierim, Francesco De Donno, Valentin Steinacker, Stefan Hartmann, Axel Seher, Alexander C Kübler, Urs D A Müller-Richter
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by a tumor microenvironment (TME) that overexpresses vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR), which can lead to neovascularization, tumor growth and metastasis. Therapeutic strategies inhibiting these signaling pathways might lead to innovative HNSCC treatments. Five HNSCC cell lines were characterized based on VEGFR1-3 and FGFR1-4 expression by sqRT-PCR and treated with three different tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) (nintedanib, dovitinib and pazopanib), all of which are effective against VEGFR and FGFR family members...
July 10, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710369/the-adipokine-leptin-modulates-adventitial-pericyte-functions-by-autocrine-and-paracrine-signalling
#4
Federica Riu, Sadie C Slater, Eva Jover Garcia, Iker Rodriguez-Arabaolaza, Valeria Alvino, Elisa Avolio, Giuseppe Mangialardi, Andrea Cordaro, Simon Satchell, Carlo Zebele, Andrea Caporali, Gianni Angelini, Paolo Madeddu
Transplantation of adventitial pericytes (APCs) improves recovery from tissue ischemia in preclinical animal models by still unknown mechanisms. This study investigates the role of the adipokine leptin (LEP) in the regulation of human APC biological functions. Transcriptomic analysis of APCs showed components of the LEP signalling pathway are modulated by hypoxia. Kinetic studies indicate cultured APCs release high amounts of immunoreactive LEP following exposure to hypoxia, continuing upon return to normoxia...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707199/radiation-induced-inflammatory-cascade-and-its-reverberating-crosstalks-as-potential-cause-of-post-radiotherapy-second-malignancies
#5
REVIEW
Sonia Gandhi, Sudhir Chandna
The disease-free survival following radiotherapy is often limited by the development of second/secondary cancers. This significant impediment to effective cancer treatment implicated even in the modern-day radiotherapy needs to be countered effectively. Critical analysis reveals that besides achieving effective tumor control, radiotherapy elicits certain cellular and systemic inflammatory events in tumor infiltrate, which remain relatively stable and tend to facilitate "in-field" or "out of field" oncogenesis in due course of time...
July 13, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706194/anti-tnf-alpha-agents-and-endothelial-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Francesco Ursini, Christian Leporini, Fabiola Bene, Salvatore D'Angelo, Daniele Mauro, Emilio Russo, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Costantino Pitzalis, Myles Lewis, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been associated with endothelial dysfunction, a pathophysiological feature of atherosclerosis. Our aim was to determine whether TNF-α blockade has a beneficial effect on endothelial function in RA. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of anti-TNF-α agents on endothelial function in RA patients. MedLine, Cochrane CENTRAL and SCOPUS were searched up to March 2016. Inclusion criteria were: 1) randomised controlled trial (RCT), quasi-RCT, before-after cohort study; 2) including RA patients; 3) treatment with anti-TNF-α medications; 4) evaluating the change from baseline in endothelial function...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701709/psma-expression-by-microvasculature-of-thyroid-tumors-potential-implications-for-psma-theranostics
#7
Andrey Bychkov, Usanee Vutrapongwatana, Supatporn Tepmongkol, Somboon Keelawat
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed in prostate cancer epithelium, making it a promising target for molecular imaging and therapy. Recently, several studies found unexpected PSMA radiotracer uptake by thyroid tumors, including radioiodine-refractory (RAIR) cancers. PSMA expression was reported in tumor-associated endothelium of various malignancies, however it has not been systematically addressed in thyroid tumors. We found that PSMA was frequently expressed in microvessels of thyroid tumors (120/267), but not in benign thyroid tissue...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698213/gene-expression-profiles-of-brain-endothelial-cells-during-embryonic-development-at-bulk-and-single-cell-levels
#8
Mike Hupe, Minerva Xueting Li, Susanne Kneitz, Daria Davydova, Chika Yokota, Julianna Kele-Olovsson, Belma Hot, Jan M Stenman, Manfred Gessler
The blood-brain barrier is a dynamic interface that separates the brain from the circulatory system, and it is formed by highly specialized endothelial cells. To explore the molecular mechanisms defining the unique nature of vascular development and differentiation in the brain, we generated high-resolution gene expression profiles of mouse embryonic brain endothelial cells using translating ribosome affinity purification and single-cell RNA sequencing. We compared the brain vascular translatome with the vascular translatomes of other organs and analyzed the vascular translatomes of the brain at different time points during embryonic development...
July 11, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680835/protracted-inhibition-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-signaling-improves-survival-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#9
Francesco Montagnani, Greta Di Leonardo, Mariasimona Pino, Simona Perboni, Angela Ribecco, Luisa Fioretto
Clinical data suggest that beyond-progression, the blockade of angiogenesis is associated with improved survivals in colorectal cancer. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the therapeutic effects of antiangiogenic drugs administered as later lines of treatment in patients already progressed to a previous anti-VEGF based treatment. An extensive literature search was conducted. Hazard ratios (HR) for progression (PFS) and death (OS) were extracted. An inverse-variance meta-analysis model was implemented...
March 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680152/exosomes-from-metastatic-cancer-cells-transfer-amoeboid-phenotype-to-non-metastatic-cells-and-increase-endothelial-permeability-their-emerging-role-in-tumor-heterogeneity
#10
Odessa Schillaci, Simona Fontana, Francesca Monteleone, Simona Taverna, Maria Antonietta Di Bella, Dolores Di Vizio, Riccardo Alessandro
The goal of this study was to understand if exosomes derived from high-metastatic cells may influence the behavior of less aggressive cancer cells and the properties of the endothelium. We found that metastatic colon cancer cells are able to transfer their amoeboid phenotype to isogenic primary cancer cells through exosomes, and that this morphological transition is associated with the acquisition of a more aggressive behavior. Moreover, exosomes from the metastatic line (SW620Exos) exhibited higher ability to cause endothelial hyperpermeability than exosomes from the non metastatic line (SW480Exos)...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676332/circulating-exosomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-as-phenotypic-biomarkers-and-mechanistic-messengers-of-end-organ-morbidity
#11
REVIEW
Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most severe form of sleep disordered breathing, is characterized by intermittent hypoxia during sleep (IH), sleep fragmentation, and episodic hypercapnia. OSA is associated with increased risk for morbidity and mortality affecting cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurocognitive systems, and more recently with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cancer-related deaths. Substantial variability in OSA outcomes suggests that genetically-determined and environmental and lifestyle factors affect the phenotypic susceptibility to OSA...
July 1, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672935/next-generation-sequencing-reveals-lymph-node-metastasis-associated-genetic-markers-in-colorectal-cancer
#12
Ni Xie, Yujiang Yao, Lili Wan, Ting Zhu, Litao Liu, Jianhui Yuan
Colorectal cancer is the third most prevalent type of cancer in the United States. Early diagnosis of lymph node metastases is essential to improve the prognosis for patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore, the present study aimed to screen genetic markers, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), copy number variations (CNVs) and mRNA expression, associated with lymph node metastases in patients with colorectal cancer to enable an early diagnosis. Targeted next-generation sequencing was applied to capture SNPs and CNVs in tumor-related candidate genes within tumor tissues from 39 colorectal cancer patients; reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the specific mRNA level of tumor-related candidate genes, including vascular endothelial growth factor C, cyclin-A2, Interleukin-2, ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 (NFKB1) on chromosome 4...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671976/endothelial-keratoplasty-versus-repeat-penetrating-keratoplasty-after-failed-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Feng Wang, Tao Zhang, Yan Wei Kang, Jing Liang He, Shi-Ming Li, Shao-Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare graft survival, graft rejection and the visual acuity outcome of endothelial keratoplasty (EK) with repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PK) after failed PK. METHODS: A systematic literature search with subsequent screening of the identified articles was conducted to obtain potentially eligible randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and comparative cohort studies. To assess the methodological quality of the included studies, the Jadad Scale or Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used based on the study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670569/molecular-and-microenvironmental-determinants-of-glioma-stem-like-cell-survival-and-invasion
#14
REVIEW
Alison Roos, Zonghui Ding, Joseph C Loftus, Nhan L Tran
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent primary brain tumor in adults with a 5-year survival rate of 5% despite intensive research efforts. The poor prognosis is due, in part, to aggressive invasion into the surrounding brain parenchyma. Invasion is a complex process mediated by cell-intrinsic pathways, extrinsic microenvironmental cues, and biophysical cues from the peritumoral stromal matrix. Recent data have attributed GBM invasion to the glioma stem-like cell (GSC) subpopulation. GSCs are slowly dividing, highly invasive, therapy resistant, and are considered to give rise to tumor recurrence...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656320/rho-kinase-and-the-nitric-oxide-pathway-modulate-basilar-arterial-reactivity-to-acetylcholine-and-angiotensin-ii-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#15
Md Zahorul Islam, Cuong Van Dao, Atsushi Miyamoto, Mitsuya Shiraishi
Diabetes mellitus comprises a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders with underlying hyperglycemia and secondary cardiovascular complications. Growing evidence suggests that vascular dysfunction is among the most important causes of diabetic cardiovascular disease. Therefore, we determined whether streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in mice affects blood pressure and cerebral arterial responsiveness to angiotensin (Ang) II and acetylcholine (ACh), which are important modulators of cerebrovascular autoregulation...
June 27, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655471/early-inflammatory-players-in-cutanous-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Verena Raker, Jessica Haub, Ana Stojanovic, Adelheid Cerwenka, Detlef Schuppan, Kerstin Steinbrink
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is one of the most complex systemic autoimmune diseases with multi-organ involvement and heterogeneous clinical manifestations. The exact etiology of SSc is still unknown. However, identified target structures are components of endothelial cells, the innate/adaptive immune systems and fibroblasts, resulting in the hallmarks of the disease in form of inflammation/autoimmunity, vasculopathy and fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. There has been a large body of evidence that the adaptive immune system with autoreactive T and B cells producing autoantibodies plays a central role in the pathogenesis of SSc but the role of earlier pathogenic processes involving the innate immune system, is far from being understood...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643869/mechanotransduction-properties-of-the-cytoplasmic-tail-of-pecam-1
#17
Jessica L Snyder, Elena McBeath, Tamlyn N Thomas, Yi Jen Chiu, Robert L Clark, Keigi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) are a well-known cell system used in the study of mechanobiology. Using cultured ECs, we found that platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1, CD31), a cell adhesion protein localized to regions of EC-EC contact, was rapidly tyrosine phosphorylated in ECs exposed to shear or cyclic stretch. Src-homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) binds phosphorylated PECAM-1 and activates the extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling cascade, a known flow-activated signaling pathway...
June 23, 2017: Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638337/intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-for-macular-edema-due-to-complex-retinal-arterial-macroaneurysms
#18
Caroline Bormann, Jens Heichel, Ute Hammer, Anke Habermann, Thomas Hammer
INTRODUCTION: Complex retinal arterial macroaneurysms (RAM) are often accompanied by hemorrhage and/or affect the macula. We evaluated the effect of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy using ranibizumab or aflibercept with or without laser photocoagulation in the treatment of macular edema due to RAM. METHODS: A case report of two patients with secondary macular edema caused by RAM is presented. The first case was a 76-year-old female treated with two 0...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637435/association-between-polymorphism-rs11200638-in-the-htra1-gene-and-the-response-to-anti-vegf-treatment-of-exudative-amd-a-meta-analysis
#19
Ya-Li Zhou, Chun-Li Chen, Yi-Xiao Wang, Yao Tong, Xiao-Ling Fang, Lin Li, Zhao-Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Anti-angiogenesis treatments are the most commonly used treatments for the vision loss caused by exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), in which the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs with ranibizumab and bevacizumab are current standard treatments. However, the outcome of anti-VEGF therapeutics is not uniform in all patients. METHODS: We performed a literature-based meta-analysis including, five published studies relevant to HTRA1 and response to anti-VEGF treatment (bevacizumab or ranibizumab)...
June 21, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631889/microrna-containing-extracellular-vesicles-released-from-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-modulate-angiogenesis-during-ischaemic-retinopathy
#20
Margaret Dellett, Eoin D Brown, Jasenka Guduric-Fuchs, Anna O'Connor, Alan W Stitt, Reinhold J Medina, David A Simpson
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are a defined subtype of endothelial progenitors that modulate vascular repair and promote perfusion in ischaemic tissues. Their paracrine activity on resident vasculature is ill-defined, but mediated, at least in part, by the transfer of extracellular vesicles (EVs). To evaluate the potential of isolated EVs to provide an alternative to cell-based therapies, we first performed a physical and molecular characterization of those released by ECFCs. Their effects upon endothelial cells in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo in a model of proliferative retinopathy were assessed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
keyword
keyword
72602
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"