keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Saffronal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537197/saffron-carotenoids-crocin-and-crocetin-binding-to-human-serum-albumin-as-investigated-by-different-spectroscopic-methods-and-molecular-docking
#1
Moslem Jafarisani, S Zahra Bathaie, Mir F Mousavi
Therapeutic effects of saffron ingredients were studied in some diseases. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these ingredients were also studied, but their transport mechanism is not clearly known. Serum albumin has been known as the most important transporter of many drugs in the body that affects their disposition, transportation and bioavailability. Here, we investigated the interaction of crocin (Cro) with HSA, for the first time, and compared with the crocetin (Crt)-HSA interaction. UV and fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD) and molecular docking was applied to investigate the possibility and mechanism of binding of HSA with these natural carotenoids...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529733/metabolic-effects-of-crocus-sativus-and-protective-action-against-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-diabetic-rats
#2
Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Ilias P Doulamis, Aspasia Tzani, Maria-Laskarina Korou, Emmanouil Agapitos, Ioannis S Vlachos, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Christos Verikokos, George Mastorakos, Nicholas L Katsilambros, Despina N Perrea
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the result of the accumulation of adipose tissue deposits in the liver and it is associated with type 2 diabetes. Crocus sativus (saffron) is known for its antioxidant and its potential hypoglycemic effects. We investigated the role of saffron on NAFLD in diabetic rats. Thirty adult male rats were allocated into three groups; control (n=10), which received normal diet; streptozotocin (STZ) group (n=10), which received normal chow diet, 10% fructose in their drinking water and STZ (40 mg/kg body weight; STZ-saffron group (n=10), which followed the same dietary and pharmacological pattern as STZ group and were additionally supplemented with saffron (100 mg/kg/day)...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511420/effect-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-saffron-on-the-treatment-of-experimental-endotoxin-induced-uveitis-in-the-rabbit
#3
Mohammad Reza Talebnejad, Kazem Soltanzadeh, Eghtedari Masoomeh, Masoud Yasemi, Mohammad Reza Khalili, Sherafat Maryam
INTRODUCTION: Saffron with scientific name of "Crocus sativus" from the family "Iridaceae" is a plant without stem and root. Antioxidative and immunomodulatory effects of saffron has been demonstrated in different studies. AIM: To assess the effects of saffron in the treatment on Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced uveitis in the rabbit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty healthy female New Zealand white rabbits were prepared. LPS induced uveitis was confirmed via slit lamp examination 24 hours after intravitreal injection of Salmonella typhimurium LPS endotoxin in the right eye of all rabbits...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506128/a-review-of-curcumin-as-a-biological-stain-and-as-a-self-visualizing-pharmaceutical-agent
#4
M Hope-Roberts, R W Horobin
Curcumin has been widely used to color textiles but, unlike other natural dyes such as hematoxylin or saffron, it rarely has been discussed as a biological stain. Aspects of the physicochemistry of curcumin relevant to biological staining and self-visualization, i.e., its acidic properties, lipophilicity, metal and pseudometal complexes, and optical properties, are summarized briefly here. Reports of staining of non-living biological specimens in sections and smears, both fixed and unfixed, including specimens embedded in resin, are summarized here...
May 16, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503046/reflections-about-osteoarthritis-and-curcuma-longa
#5
REVIEW
Marina Cristina Akuri, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Raíssa Meira Val, Elen Landgraf Guiguer
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic inflammatory degenerative process that affects joints such as the hands, hips, shoulders, feet, spine, and especially knees in millions of people worldwide. Some authors have shown that Curcuma longa components may exhibit benefic effects in the treatment of degenerative diseases as OA. This plant belongs to the family Zingiberaceae and it is popularly known as turmeric or saffron. This review intended to perform a retrospective search to identify studies involving humans and animal models...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496478/study-of-crocin-radiotherapy-induced-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-in-the-head-and-neck-cancer-hn-5-cell-line
#6
Vahid Vazifedan, Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Javad Sargolzaei, Shokouhozaman Soleymanifard, Azar Fani Pakdel
Malignant tumors of head and neck carcinomas are the sixth most common type of cancer. Current systemic therapies for cancer show side effects in normal tissues and short-term efficacy due to drug resistance. Consequently, there is much interest in identifying new drugs for cancer treatment. Crocin (an active ingredient of saffron) has been shown to have cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines. Chemo radiotherapy is the standard treatment for head and neck cancer. In the present study, the cytotoxic effects, inducing apoptosis and the radiation sensitivity of crocin were evaluated in the head and neck cancer cell line (HN-5)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496474/enhancement-of-antinociceptive-effect-by-co-administration-of-amitriptyline-and-crocus-sativus-in-a-rat-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#7
Bahareh Amin, Samira Hosseini, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-nociceptive effects of a low, sub-effective dose of amitriptyline, in combination with the different doses of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Crocus sativus following sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI) in rats. Amitriptyline (3, 10 and 30 mg/Kg, i.p.) and the extracts (25, 50 and 100 mg/Kg, i.p.), were separately administered at the time of CCI for 7 consecutive days. In combination therapy, the sub-antinociceptive dose of amitriptyline (3 mg/Kg) was given with the three different doses of extracts for seven days...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496464/using-%C3%A3-cyclodextrin-and-arabic-gum-as-wall-materials-for-encapsulation-of-saffron-essential-oil
#8
Mohsen Atefi, Kooshan Nayebzadeh, Abdorreza Mohammadi, Amir Mohammad Mortazavian
Saffron essential oil has a pleasant aroma and medicinal activities. However, it is sensible into the environmental condition. Therefore, it should be protected against unwanted changes during storage or processing. Encapsulation is introduced as a process by which liable materials are protected from unwanted changes. In the present study, different ratios (0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25, and 100:0) of ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) and arabic gum (GA) were used as wall martial for encapsulation saffron essential oil...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486907/effect-of-crocin-on-antibody-titers-to-heat-shock-protein-27-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Mina Nosrati, Irandokht Nikbakht-Jam, Saeid Eslami, M Khademi, Mojtaba Foroutan-Tanha, Farzin Hadizadeh, Amir Hosein Sahebkar, Shima Tavallaie, Zhila Taherzadeh, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A A Ferns
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that antibody titers to heat shock protein 27 (anti-hsp27) and hs-CRP concentrations are elevated in patients with MetS, and may be associated with an increased cardiovascular diseases risk. Crocin is a natural carotenoid with, cardio protective effects. OBJECTIVE: Owing to the previous evidence on the beneficial effects of saffron in patients with MetS, this study investigated the effect of supplementation with crocin, as the active ingredient of saffron, on serum anti-hsp27 and hs-CRP in patients with MetS...
May 9, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471166/crocus-sativus-extract-tightens-the-blood-brain-barrier-reduces-amyloid-%C3%AE-load-and-related-toxicity-in-5xfad-mice
#10
Yazan S Batarseh, Sonali S Bharate, Vikas Kumar, Ajay Kumar, Ram A Vishwakarma, Sandip B Bharate, Amal Kaddoumi
Crocus sativus, commonly known as saffron or Kesar, is used in Ayurveda and other folk medicines for various purposes as an aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, and expectorant. Previous evidence suggested that Crocus sativus is linked to improving cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The aim of this study was to in vitro and in vivo investigate the mechanism(s) by which Crocus sativus exerts its positive effect against AD. The effect of Crocus sativus extract on Aβ load and related toxicity was evaluated...
May 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462452/saffron-crocus-sativus-l-tea-intake-prevents-learning-memory-defects-and-neurobiochemical-alterations-induced-by-aflatoxin-b1-exposure-in-adult-mice
#11
Zacharoula I Linardaki, Fotini N Lamari, Marigoula Margarity
This study aimed to investigate the potential neurotoxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and the preventive effects of saffron. Male Balb-c mice received AFB1 (0.6 mg/kg/day intraperitoneally for 4 days), saffron infusion (90 mg styles/200 mL, ad libitum access for 2 weeks) or saffron infusion plus AFB1 (saffron treatment as previously plus 0.6 mg AFB1/kg/day intraperitoneally for the last 4 days). Control mice were intraperitoneally injected with DMSO:saline (1:1, v/v) during AFB1 treatment. Learning/memory was assessed by passive avoidance task...
May 2, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460761/immunomodulatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-saffron-aqueous-extract-crocus-sativus-l-on-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#12
Saeed Samarghandian, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Tahereh Farkhondeh
INTRODUCTION: Crocus sativus L. (saffron) has many biological effects such as antioxidant property. The present study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of the aqueous saffron extract on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the rats were divided into the following groups of 9 animals each: control, untreated diabetic, three saffron extract-treated diabetic groups. Diabetes was induced by STZ in rats. Saffron was administered 3 days after STZ administration; these injections were continued to the end of the study (4 weeks)...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427103/saffron-flower-extract-promotes-scratch-wound-closure-of-keratinocytes-and-enhances-vegf-production
#13
Sheela Verjee, Eliane Garo, Sarah Pelaez, Orlando Fertig, Matthias Hamburger, Veronika Butterweck
During saffron (Crocus sativus) spice production, large amounts of floral biowaste are generated. It was the aim of this study to develop a value-added product from saffron floral biowaste to be used as a natural cosmetic ingredient. HPLC-PDA-MS analysis of saffron flower extracts revealed the presence of flavonols with the highest amounts in the acetone extract. Kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside was identified as the main flavonoid in the acetone extract (saffron flower acetone extract). Saffron flower acetone extract and kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside were tested in HaCaT cells for potential effects on cell migration, proliferation, and for anti-inflammatory properties...
April 20, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407293/anti-tumor-effects-of-crocetin-and-related-molecular-targets
#14
REVIEW
Maliheh Moradzadeh, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Alijan Tabarraei, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Natural products have gained a wide popularity as chemopreventive and anti-cancer agents owing to their multi-mechanistic mode of action, availability and synergism with several conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Crocetin is a carotenoid compound isolated from the stigma of Crocus sativus L. (saffron). Crocetin has shown promising effects as an anti-tumor agent in animal models and cell culture systems. Crocetin retards the growth of cancer cells via inhibiting nucleic acid synthesis, enhancing anti-oxidative system, and inducing apoptosis and differentiation pathways...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400798/neuroprotective-properties-of-dietary-saffron-more-than-just-a-chemical-scavenger
#15
Nicholas V Skladnev, Daniel M Johnstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392907/protective-effect-of-crocus-sativus-l-saffron-extract-on-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#16
Gholam Hossein Farjah, Shadi Salehi, Mohammad Hasan Ansari, Bagher Pourheidar
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of spinal cord is leading to the paraplegia observed. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of the saffron extract on spinal cord I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty five male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: intact, sham surgery, normal saline (NS), low dose saffron aqua extract, high dose saffron aqua extract. RESULTS: The mean motor deficit index (MDI) scores were significantly lower in the saffron extract groups than in the NS group at 48 hr after spinal cord ischemia (P<0...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385604/the-niche-and-phylogeography-of-a-passerine-reveal-the-history-of-biological-diversification-between-the-andean-and-the-atlantic-forests
#17
Natalia Trujillo-Arias, Gisele P M Dantas, Enrique Arbeláez-Cortés, Kazuya Naoki, Maria I Gómez, Fabricio R Santos, Cristina Y Miyaki, Alexandre Aleixo, Pablo L Tubaro, Gustavo S Cabanne
The Atlantic Forest is separated from the Andean tropical forest by dry and open vegetation biomes (Chaco and Cerrado). Despite this isolation, both rainforests share closely related lineages, which suggest a past connection. This connection could have been important for forest taxa evolution. In this study, we used the Saffron-billed Sparrow (Arremon flavirostris) as a model to evaluate whether the Andean and the Atlantic forests act as a refugia system, as well as to test for a history of biogeographic connection between them...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372231/novel-quantitative-real-time-pcr-approach-to-determine-safflower-carthamus-tinctorius-adulteration-in-saffron-crocus-sativus
#18
Caterina Villa, Joana Costa, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Isabel Mafra
This work intended to develop DNA-based methods to detect and quantify safflower as an adulterant in saffron. Species-specific PCR and real-time PCR with EvaGreen dye targeting the ITS region of Carthamus tinctorius L. (safflower) were successfully proposed. The assays allowed absolute and relative sensitivities of 2pg of safflower DNA (∼1.4 DNA copies) and 0.1% of safflower in saffron (Crocus sativus L.), respectively. A normalised real-time PCR approach was also proposed in the range of 0.1-20% (w/w) of safflower in saffron, which was successfully validated and applied to commercial saffron samples (stigmas, powders and seasonings)...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369196/functional-genomics-of-apocarotenoids-in-saffron-insights-from-chemistry-molecular-biology-and-therapeutic-applications
#19
Manoj K Dhar, Munish Sharma, Archana Bhat, Nikhil K Chrungoo, Sanjana Kaul
Saffron is considered to be the costliest spice of the world. It has been regarded as highly valued medicinal plant in Ayurveda to treat various ailments. Over the past few years, considerable interest has developed in saffron because of its anticancer, antimutagenic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. Saffron's colour, bitter taste and aroma are its three main and peculiar characteristics, which are conferred by three chemicals namely: crocin, picrocrocin and safranal, respectively. The present review focuses on recent research/progress made in saffron in the area of functional genomics and highlights the potential of several genes and transcription factors involved in carotenoid/apocarotenoid pathway and responsible for flavour and aroma of saffron...
March 28, 2017: Briefings in Functional Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367420/comparative-study-on-the-preventive-effect-of-saffron-carotenoids-crocin-and-crocetin-in-nmu-induced-breast-cancer-in-rats
#20
Meysam Sajjadi, Zahra Bathaie
OBJECTIVE: Crocin (Cro) and crocetin (Crt) are two widely known saffron carotenoids, which exert anticancer effects by different mechanisms. Here, we investigated and compared the preventive effect of Cro and Crt at the initiation and promotion stages of breast cancer induction in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, female Wistar albino rats were injected with three doses of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU). The preventive intervention was done at different times for the initiation and promotion stages...
April 2017: Cell Journal
keyword
keyword
72596
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"