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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#1
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620636/clinical-characteristic-and-risk-factors-of-recurrent-sexual-abuse-and-delayed-reported-sexual-abuse-in-childhood
#2
Mei-Hua Hu, Go-Shine Huang, Jing-Long Huang, Chang-Teng Wu, An-Shine Chao, Fu-Sung Lo, Han-Ping Wu
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a global problem that affects children of all ages, and the evaluation of these victims by psychologic and gynecologic experts in pediatric emergency departments is an important issue. Few data are available on the characteristics of children admitted to pediatric emergency department with recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of, and risk factors for, recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The study retrospectively analyzed victims of CSA who were admitted to a pediatric emergency department...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616712/anxiety-hospital-fears-and-conduct-and-behavioral-alterations-during-pediatric-hospitalization
#3
Beatriz De Mula-Fuentes, María Quintana, Jordi Rimbau, Abel Martínez-Mejías, María Socorro Úriz, Cristina Rivera-Pérez, Maite Garolera
INTRODUCTION: A hospital admission is an experience capable of generating emotional and behavioral alterations at any age. This study pretends to analyze the response of anxiety, fears and/or behavioral alterations in pediatric patients exposed to a conventional non-surgical hospital admission and the existing relationship between these responses and certain modulating variables. Metodology. Design of cohorts. Data collection was carried out in three stages (M1: at admission; M2: at discharge; M3: 2 weeks after discharge), on a 30 patient sample between the ages of 6 to 15 years and 30 caregivers...
March 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616469/racial-disparities-in-obesity-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Angel S Byrd, Alexander T Toth, Fatima Cody Stanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity rates in the USA have reached pandemic levels with one third of the population with obesity in 2015-2016 (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth). It is a major public health concern, and it is prudent to understand the factors which contribute. Racial and ethnic disparities are pronounced in both the prevalence and treatment of obesity and must be addressed in the efforts to combat obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Disparities in prevalence of obesity in racial/ethnic minorities are apparent as early as the preschool years and factors including genetics, diet, physical activity, psychological factors, stress, income, and discrimination, among others, must be taken into consideration...
April 3, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605224/pediatric-burns-in-israeli-natives-versus-asylum-seekers-living-in-israel-lessons-learned
#6
Sivan Zissman, Matan Orgil, Oded Ben-Amotz, Eyal Gur, Ehud Arad, David Leshem
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. In early childhood, burns have a wide range of adverse long-term consequences ranging from functional impairment to psychological implications. Children from low-income and middle-income countries are at a higher risk of suffering from burn injuries. In the last 10 years the population of asylum seekers from low-income countries in Israel has increased dramatically. About 25,000 or 60% of asylum seekers are living in the Tel Aviv area, making up roughly 6% of the city's total population (about 405,000)...
March 28, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601344/effects-of-web-based-parent-training-on-caregiver-functioning-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Stacey P Raj, Emily L Shultz, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Keith Owen Yeates, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a Web-based parenting intervention (I-InTERACT), and an abbreviated version (Express), on caregiver depression, psychological distress, parenting stress, and parenting efficacy following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four children's hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 148 caregivers of 113 children aged 3 to 9 years with a moderate to severe TBI. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled trial...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597333/from-the-child-s-word-to-clinical-intervention-novel-new-and-innovative-approaches-to-symptoms-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#8
Katharine E Brock, Joanne Wolfe, Christina Ullrich
Despite vast improvements in disease-based treatments, many children live with life-threatening disorders that cause distressing symptoms. These symptoms can be difficult to comprehensively assess and manage. Yet, frequent and accurate symptom reporting and expert treatment is critical to preserving a patient's physical, psychological, emotional, social, and existential heath. We describe emerging methods of symptom and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) assessment through patient-reported outcomes (PROs) tools now used in clinical practice and novel research studies...
March 28, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594120/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-continuous-peripheral-nerve-block-in-postoperative-analgesia-of-pediatric-patients
#9
REVIEW
Dušica Simić, Marija Stević, Zorana Stanković, Irena Simić, Siniša Dučić, Ivana Petrov, Miodrag Milenović
Postoperative analgesia is imperative in the youngest patients. Pain, especially if experienced during childhood, has numerous adverse effects-from psychological, through complications of the underlying disease (prolonged treatment, hospital stay, and increased costs of the treatment) to an increase in the incidence of death due to the onset of the systemic inflammatory response. Peripheral blocks provide analgesia for 12-16 h, and are safer due to rare side effects that are easier to treat. The continuous peripheral block (CPNB) has been increasingly used in recent years for complete and prolonged analgesia of pediatric patients, as well as a part of multidisciplinary treatment of complex regional pain syndrome...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583070/a-developmental-cascade-perspective-of-pediatric-obesity-conceptual-model-and-scoping-review
#10
Justin D Smith, Kaitlyn N Egan, Zorash Montaño, Spring Dawson-McClure, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Madeline Larson, Sara M St George
Considering the vast ongoing challenge of preventing obesity, the time has come to reconceptualize and change the way we study the development of obesity in childhood. The developmental cascade model, which refers to the cumulative consequences and spreading downstream effects of risk and protective factors, offers a longitudinal framework for understanding obesity. This perspective elucidates the way an accumulation of risk factors, across and within biopsychosocial spheres and phases of development, can propel individuals toward obesity...
March 27, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578090/impact-on-health-care-costs-for-adolescents-receiving-adjunctive-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Emily F Law, Cornelius B Groenewald, Chuan Zhou, Tonya M Palermo
The economic burden of pediatric chronic pain is high, with an estimated annual cost of $19.5 billion. Little is known about whether psychological treatment for pediatric chronic pain can alter health care utilization for youth. The primary aim of this secondary data analysis was to evaluate the effect of adjunctive internet cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention (I-CBT) or adjunctive internet education (I-EDU) on health care-related economic costs in a cohort of adolescents with chronic pain recruited from interdisciplinary pain clinics across the United States...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577538/family-adjustment-to-diabetes-diagnosis-in-children-can-participation-in-a-study-on-type-1-diabetes-genetic-risk-be-helpful
#12
Laura B Smith, Xiang Liu, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Roy Tamura, Helena Elding Larsson, Simi Ahmed, Riitta Veijola, Michael J Haller, Beena Akolkar, William A Hagopian, Marian J Rewers, Jeffrey Krischer, Andrea K Steck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes often causes a negative psychological impact on families. We examined whether parents and children enrolled in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study differ in their psychological adjustment to diabetes diagnosis compared to children diagnosed with diabetes in the community. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: TEDDY follows 8,676 children at genetic risk for type 1 diabetes from birth. Fifty-four TEDDY children diagnosed with diabetes and 54 age-matched community control children diagnosed with diabetes were enrolled...
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574997/fractional-ablative-carbon-dioxide-laser-followed-by-topical-sodium-stibogluconate-application-a-treatment-option-for-pediatric-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#13
Yuval Hilerowicz, Amir Koren, Jacob Mashiah, Oren Katz, Eli Sprecher, Ofir Artzi
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a protozoan zoonotic parasitic infection with cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral manifestations. Israel is endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis, which is a self-limited disease but is associated with scarring, which is often a source of psychological and social burden for patients. Scars can be especially devastating for children and teenagers. A wide range of physical and medical approaches is used to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis, among which intralesional injections of sodium stibogluconate rank among the most frequently used...
March 25, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573456/unilateral-hypertrophy-of-the-labia-minora-a-case-series
#14
Scarlett Boulos, Adam I Rubin, Albert C Yan, Patrick J McMahon, Marissa J Perman
Asymmetric hypertrophy of the labia minora is a variant of normal anatomy that has not been described in the pediatric dermatology literature. Although often asymptomatic, in some cases, it can cause functional, emotional, and psychological problems. We report the clinical characteristics and outcomes of four children who presented with unilateral labium minus hypertrophy. This case series aims to establish awareness of this condition among pediatric dermatologists and provide recommendations regarding management...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565763/metabolic-and-psychological-impact-of-a-pragmatic-exercise-intervention-program-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-related-cerebral-insult
#15
Shoshana R Rath, Treya M Long, Natasha L Bear, Gordon C P Miles, Andrew M Bullock, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Louise H Naylor, Catherine S Y Choong
PURPOSE: To assess metabolic function among adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of childhood cancer-related brain surgery or cranial irradiation (CRT) and to determine feasibility, safety, and metabolic as well as psychological impact of a 6-month exercise program in this cohort. METHODS: Twenty AYAs aged 15-23 years were recruited. All had completed cancer treatment by age 15.5 and were more than 1 year after end of treatment. Metabolic function was assessed at baseline (T1), after a 6-month non-intervention period (T2), and after the 6-month intervention (T3)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562602/the-public-health-challenge-of-consumer-non-compliance-to-toy-product-recalls-and-proposed-solutions
#16
Xiayang Yu, David C Schwebel
This paper addresses the public health issue of toy product recalls in the United States, an under-addressed topic in scholarly literature, yet highly relevant to the prevention of pediatric injuries. Toy-related injuries led to 274,000 emergency room visits and seven fatalities in 2016 in the United States, and toy-related injury rates have remained stable over the last five years despite declining incidences of recalls. While dangerous toys not being recalled and the misuse of "safe" products are possible contributing factors, consumer non-response to recall notices also contributes to unintentional child injury from dangerous toys...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557606/emotional-distress-in-family-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-bronchial-asthma-analysis-of-its-predictors
#17
Selene Valero-Moreno, Marián Pérez-Marín, Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla, Silvia Castillo-Corullón, Alvar Ramírez-Aguilar, Amparo Escribano-Montaner
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with asthma face problems inherent to this stage in their development, to which the challenges of taking over control of their disease, complying with a daily treatment and regular medical followup are added. Any rejection generated by this may lead to treatment non-adherence and poor asthma control, which brings about problems in family dynamics, made worse by the stress or the emotional distress that this situation causes in caregivers. OBJECTIVE: Identify adjustment profiles and predictors of risk for the well-being of caregivers of pediatric patients with bronchial asthma...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546523/the-effectiveness-of-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-psychological-distress-among-chinese-parents-of-children-with-a-cancer-diagnosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Anao Zhang, QingYing Ji, Jennifer Currin-McCulloch, Phyllis Solomon, YuTing Chen, Yaxi Li, Barbara Jones, Cynthia Franklin, Jack Nowicki
PURPOSE: Given the critical role of parental care for pediatric cancer patients, this pilot study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of a hospital-based solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) intervention for reducing psychological distress among parents of pediatric cancer patients in China. Differences between treatment and active control (AC) groups were assessed on dimensions of psychological distress. Parents' level of hope was also assessed. METHODS: Participants (N = 44) were randomly assigned to SFBT or AC...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507482/quality-of-life-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-contributions-of-parental-distress-and-psychosocial-family-risk
#19
N M Racine, M Khu, K Reynolds, G M T Guilcher, F S M Schulte
Background: Pediatric survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk of poor quality of life and social-emotional outcomes following treatment. The relationship between parent psychological distress and child adjustment in pediatric cancer survivors has been well established. However, limited research has examined the factors that may buffer this association. The current study examined the associations between psychosocial family risk factors, parental psychological distress, and health-related quality of life (hrql) in pediatric cancer survivors...
February 2018: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505897/problem-behaviors-and-psychological-distress-among-teens-seen-in-a-national-sample-of-emergency-departments
#20
Megan L Ranney, Julie Bromberg, Alyssa Hozey, T Charles Casper, Michael J Mello, Anthony Spirito, Thomas H Chun, James G Linakis
OBJECTIVE: Problem behaviors such as substance use and peer aggression frequently co-exist, and are common among youth seen in emergency departments (EDs). EDs are increasingly urged to screen for both psychological distress and problem behaviors. To inform screening and intervention efforts, we aimed to identify classes of problematic substance use and peer aggression in a sample of adolescents from 16 pediatric EDs, and to examine the relative prevalence of psychological distress in identified classes...
March 2, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
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