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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181361/a-systematic-review-of-parent-and-family-functioning-in-pediatric-solid-organ-transplant-populations
#1
REVIEW
Melissa K Cousino, Kelly E Rea, Kurt R Schumacher, John C Magee, Emily M Fredericks
The process of pediatric solid organ transplantation (SOT) places new and increased stressors on patients and family members. Measures of family functioning may predict psychological and health outcomes for pediatric patients and their families, and provide opportunity for targeted intervention. This systematic review investigated parent and family functioning and factors associated with poorer functioning in the pediatric SOT population. Thirty-seven studies were identified and reviewed. Studies featured a range of organ populations (eg, heart, liver, kidney, lung, intestine) at various stages in the transplant process...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174215/pain-control-and-parent-mental-health-among-pediatric-inpatients
#2
Andrew Barnes, Ashley Tollefson, Patricia Hickey, Jennifer Bares, Lei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Pain control remains a problem for hospitalized children, with more than half experiencing ongoing pain. Pain in turn negatively affects child quality of life. To clarify the relationship between inpatient pain control and parent and child psychological factors, we tested the hypotheses that pain control is worse in the context of higher child executive function problems, lower parent mindfulness, and higher parent mental health symptoms. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of stable pediatric inpatients' (n = 81; mean age = 10...
February 7, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165536/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-editorial-board
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165535/introduction-to-special-issue-on-family-processes-and-outcomes-in-pediatric-psychology
#4
Cynthia A Gerhardt, Cynthia A Berg, Deborah J Wiebe, Grayson N Holmbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165534/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-volume-42-number-1-january-february-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165530/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-front-cover
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165415/evidence-based-psychological-interventions-for-the-management-of-pediatric-chronic-pain-new-directions-in-research-and-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak
Over the past 20 years our knowledge about evidence-based psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain has dramatically increased. Overall, the evidence in support of psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain is strong, demonstrating positive psychological and behavioral effects for a variety of children with a range of pain conditions. However, wide scale access to effective psychologically-based pain management treatments remains a challenge for many children who suffer with pain. Increasing access to care and reducing persistent biomedical biases that inhibit attainment of psychological services are a central focus of current pain treatment interventions...
February 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#8
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162748/-493-pediatric-pain-assessment-methods-and-interventions-used-by-mental-health-providers-a-survey-by-the-pain-special-interest-group-of-the-society-of-pediatric-psychology
#9
A Junghans-Rutelonis, Karen Weiss, M Tamula, D Karvounides, C Harbeck-Weber, S Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151402/mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sarah E Woolf-King, Alexandra Anger, Emily A Arnold, Sandra J Weiss, David Teitel
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with critical congenital heart defects (PCCHDs) may be at high risk for mental health morbidity; however, the literature is not well characterized. Given that compromised parental mental health can lead to long-term cognitive, health-related, and behavioral problems in children, a systematic review of this literature could provide informed recommendations for continued research and enhance the care of families of children living with critical congenital heart defects...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144813/the-life-child-study-a-population-based-perinatal-and-pediatric-cohort-in-germany
#11
Tanja Poulain, Ronny Baber, Mandy Vogel, Diana Pietzner, Toralf Kirsten, Anne Jurkutat, Andreas Hiemisch, Anja Hilbert, Jürgen Kratzsch, Joachim Thiery, Michael Fuchs, Christian Hirsch, Franziska G Rauscher, Markus Loeffler, Antje Körner, Matthias Nüchter, Wieland Kiess
The LIFE Child study is a large population-based longitudinal childhood cohort study conducted in the city of Leipzig, Germany. As a part of LIFE, a research project conducted at the Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, it aims to monitor healthy child development from birth to adulthood and to understand the development of lifestyle diseases such as obesity. The study consists of three interrelated cohorts; the birth cohort, the health cohort, and the obesity cohort. Depending on age and cohort, the comprehensive study program comprises different medical, psychological, and sociodemographic assessments as well as the collection of biological samples...
January 31, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143536/the-impact-of-resilience-on-psychological-outcomes-in-women-with-threatened-premature-labor-and-spouses-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southwest-china
#12
Chunhua Nie, Qin Dai, Ren Zhao, Yushu Dong, Yushan Chen, Hui Ren
BACKGROUND: Threatened premature labor (TPL) is a severe obstetric complication which affects the mental and physical health of both the mother and fetus. Family resilience may have protective role against psychological distress in women experiencing these pregnancy complications. There may be resilience related risk factors in TPL women, and interplays may exist among psychological variables and within couples. This study aims to examine psychological outcomes influenced by different levels of resilience, and explore psychological interactions in TPL women, spouses, and between women and spouses...
January 31, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#13
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141710/the-curse-of-the-dolphins-cognitive-decline-and-psychosis
#14
Randall Phelps, Anne Tsai, Arlene Hagen, Joseph Pinter, Raegan Smith, Martin T Stein
Isela is an 11-year-old Mexican-American girl with mild intellectual disability. During a vacation with her family, she went swimming with dolphins. A few days later, Isela awoke at night with laughing spells; during the day, she was pacing, aggressive, and had a decline in self-care and communication skills. Her parents attributed the symptoms to the dolphins. She was evaluated by a pediatric neurologist. The sleep-deprived electroencephalogram, brain magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture, and thyroid function tests were normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141676/nutritional-assessment-and-status-of-hospitalized-infants
#15
Misa Matsuyama, Kristie Bell, Melinda White, Karen Lawson, Michael David, Annabel Doolan, Alwyn Todd
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition during infancy has long-term adverse consequences for both physical and psychological development. Early detection of malnutrition among hospitalized infants is essential to provide optimal nutrition support. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the nutritional status of hospitalized infants using 2 methods: the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGNA) and anthropometric measurement. We also investigated diagnostic category associated with nutritional status, the mean anthropometric z scores, and explored the association between malnutrition and nutrition focused variables...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137343/identifying-domains-of-quality-of-life-in-children-with-cancer-undergoing-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study-with-professionals
#16
Josianne Avoine-Blondin, Véronique Parent, Magali Lahaye, Nago Humbert, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVE: The goal of pediatric palliative care (PPC) is to maintain the quality of life (QoL) of children whose lives are threatened. However, there are sparse scientific data on the domains of QoL in this particular context, and no measurement strategies are available. The present study aims to describe the domains of QoL in the context of PPC in oncology, according to the perceptions of professional caregivers. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a random sample of 20 professional caregivers from the Division of Hematology/Oncology at Le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine (Montréal, Canada)...
January 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119350/a-systematic-review-of-management-strategies-for-children-s-mental-health-care-in-the-emergency-department-update-on-evidence-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice-and-research
#17
Amanda S Newton, Lisa Hartling, Amir Soleimani, Scott Kirkland, Michele P Dyson, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVE: Children with mental health crises require access to specialised resources and services which are not yet standard in general and paediatric EDs. In 2010, we published a systematic review that provided some evidence to support the use of specialised care models to reduce hospitalisation, return ED visits and length of ED stay. We perform a systematic review to update the evidence base and inform current policy statements. METHODS: Twelve databases and the grey literature were searched up to January 2015...
January 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114944/the-use-of-multi-criteria-decision-making-models-in-evaluating-anesthesia-method-options-in-circumcision-surgery
#18
Gulsah Hancerliogullari, Kadir Oymen Hancerliogullari, Emrah Koksalmis
BACKGROUND: Determining the most suitable anesthesia method for circumcision surgery plays a fundamental role in pediatric surgery. This study is aimed to present pediatric surgeons' perspective on the relative importance of the criteria for selecting anesthesia method for circumcision surgery by utilizing the multi-criteria decision making methods. METHODS: Fuzzy set theory offers a useful tool for transforming linguistic terms into numerical assessments. Since the evaluation of anesthesia methods requires linguistic terms, we utilize the fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111890/psychosocial-aspects-of-children-and-families-treated-with-hemodialysis
#19
Anna Medyńska, Danuta Zwolińska, Ryszard Grenda, Monika Miklaszewska, Maria Szczepańska, Agnieszka Urzykowska, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the selected psychosocial aspects of chronic kidney disease in children treated with hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: The study included 25 children treated with HD aged 2 to 18 years and their parents. Data concerning the illness and socio-demographic parameters was collected. We used the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) for patients and for their parents the PedsQL-proxy version, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), and the Caregivers Burden Scale (CBS) to evaluate health-related quality of life (QoL) of HD children and their primary caregivers...
January 23, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#20
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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