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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#1
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541560/historical-analysis-the-journal-of-pediatric-psychology-from-1976-to-2015
#2
Kimberly S Canter, Christina M Amaro, Amy E Noser, Michael C Roberts
To provide a historical analysis through the examination of trends in type of articles, content areas, and population groups across all issues of the Journal of Pediatric Psychology (JPP). All articles published in JPP between the years 1976-2015 were coded based on article type (e.g., original research, meta-analysis), content code (e.g., adherence, primary care), and population code (e.g., oncology, chronic and recurrent pain). Descriptive statistics were calculated.  The overall top article types, content codes, and population codes are described as well as top codes for each decade...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539897/long-term-effects-of-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-after-pediatric-cancer-a-qualitative-analysis-of-life-experiences-and-adaptation-strategies
#3
Magali Lahaye, Isabelle Aujoulat, Christiane Vermylen, Bénédicte Brichard
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) improves the survival rate of children and adolescents with malignant and non-malignant conditions; however, the physical, psychological and social burden of such a procedure is considerable both during and after treatment. The present qualitative study investigated the long-term effects of HSCT after pediatric cancer. Thirty adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors (Mage = 23.61 years, SD = 5.21) participated in individual interviews and were invited to speak about their life experiences following their treatment and strategies they use to deal with their past medical experiences and the long-term sequelae...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538046/general-pediatrician-staffed-behavioral-developmental-access-clinic-decreases-time-to-evaluation-of-early-childhood-developmental-disorders
#4
Meghan Harrison, Persephone Jones, Iman Sharif, Matthew D Di Guglielmo
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement project to decrease wait time to evaluation for children referred to Developmental Behavioral Pediatricians (DBPs). METHODS: The authors created a Behavioral/Developmental Access Clinic (BDAC) staffed by a general pediatrician (GP) and pediatric psychologist. Clinicians in the BDAC provided comprehensive developmental evaluations for children in a discrete age range (<5 yr old). We describe the establishment of the BDAC along with referrals, diagnoses, and recommended follow-up for patients seen by the GP...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#5
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524766/psychological-flexibility-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-relating-patterns-of-acceptance-adherence-and-stress-to-adaptation
#6
Rebecca C Kamody, Kristoffer S Berlin, Tiffany M Rybak, Kimberly L Klages, Gabrielle G Banks, Jeanelle S Ali, Ramin Alemzadeh, Robert J Ferry, Alicia M Diaz Thomas
Psychological flexibility, a complex concept encompassing both acceptance and action related factors, has been identified as a target for intervention for diabetes management. Research suggests acceptance, self-management, and stress, all factors that influence psychological flexibility, have an impact on adaptation to type 1 diabetes (T1D) by youth independently. However, yet to be explored is individually varying patterns of these variables and how they may relate to diabetes adaptation outcomes. The present study aimed to establish individual variations of patterns of these factors to derive profiles of psychological flexibility, and examine their relations to the adaptation outcomes of glycemic control and health-related quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504212/psychological-adjustment-in-parents-of-children-born-with-atypical-genitalia-one-year-after-their-child-undergoes-genitoplasty
#7
Rebecca Eh Ellens, Dana M Bakula, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Scott Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Y Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Larry L Mullins, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Amy B Wisniewski, Cortney Wolfe-Christensen
PURPOSE: The current study examined the psychological adjustment of parents of children born with moderate to severe genital atypia 12 months after their child underwent genitoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents were recruited longitudinally from a multi-center collaboration of 10 pediatric hospitals with specialty care for children with a Disorder/Difference of Sex Development and/or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Parents completed measures of depressive and anxious symptoms, illness uncertainty, quality of life, post-traumatic stress, and decisional regret...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503492/positive-effect-of-probiotics-on-constipation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-six-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Ruixue Huang, Jianan Hu
Context: Constipation in children is a prevalent, burdensome, and psychologically important pediatric issue, the treatment of which remains a global challenge. The use of probiotics has been reported for management of the gastrointestinal microbiota. Objective: This study reviewed the existing literatures of 6 Randomized Control Trials (RCTs) to ascertain some baseline understanding and available information for the effects of probiotics on stool frequency and consistency in children with constipation. Data Sources: PubMed, Springer, Elsevier Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Ovid (Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO), Orbis, and Web of Science from the earliest record in each database to 15 September, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493595/empathy-in-pediatric-intensive-care-nurses-part-1-behavioral-and-psychological-correlates
#9
Margot Latimer, Philip L Jackson, Fanny Eugène, Emily Macleod, Tara Hatfield, Etienne Vachon-Presseau, Pierre-Emmanuel Michon, Kenneth M Prkachin
AIM: To determine if differences exist between pediatric intensive care nurses and allied health professionals in empathy, secondary trauma, burnout, pain exposure and pain ratings of self and others. Early and late career differences were also examined. BACKGROUND: Nurses are routinely exposed to patient pain expression. This work context may make them vulnerable to adverse outcomes such as desensitization to patient pain or a compromise in personal wellbeing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486647/clinical-and-economic-long-term-treatment-outcome-of-children-and-adolescents-with-disabling-chronic-pain
#10
Boris Zernikow, Ann-Kristin Ruhe, Lorin Stahlschmidt, Pia Schmidt, Tobias Staratzke, Michael Frosch, Julia Wager
Objective.:  Disabling pediatric chronic pain is accompanied by a significant burden to those affected and by high societal costs. Furthermore, it bears the risk of aggravation into adulthood. Studies have shown intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment to result in short-term positive effects on pain-related and psychological outcomes. In this study, we aimed to prove the stability of the long-term effects of intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment four years after treatment. Methods...
May 9, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483466/role-of-body-mass-index-in-school-aged-children-with-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-does-weight-classification-predict-treatment-outcome
#11
Angela M Arlen, Christopher S Cooper, Traci Leong
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction comprises a large percentage of pediatric urology referrals. Childhood obesity is a major health concern, and has been associated with voiding symptoms. We assessed the impact of body mass index (BMI) on treatment outcomes of children presenting with LUT or bladder-bowel dysfunction (BBD). STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 5-17 years diagnosed with non-neurogenic LUT dysfunction and no prior urologic diagnoses were identified...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483063/early-intervention-for-functional-somatic-symptoms-using-psychological-interventions-highlights-the-need-for-a-medical-home-care-model-for-pediatric-patients
#12
EDITORIAL
Cheryl D Tierney, Leslie R Walker-Harding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481592/luciano-l-abate-1928-2016
#13
Robert Henley Woody
This article memorializes Luciano L'Abate (1928 -2016). In 1964, L'Abate became an assistant professor of medical psychology at the Washington University School of Medicine and, in 1965, an associate professor of pediatrics in the Emory University School of Medicine. He then transitioned to the Georgia State University (GSU), where he was promoted to professor of psychology. From 1965 to 1990, he served as director of the Family Psychology Program and Family Study Center at GSU. In retirement, L'Abate increased his writing and lecturing...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481580/neurocognitive-deficits-in-children-with-chronic-health-conditions
#14
Bruce E Compas, Sarah S Jaser, Kristen Reeslund, Niral Patel, Janet Yarboi
Over 4 million children in the United States suffer from chronic health conditions, including cancer, sickle cell disease, and diabetes. Because of major advances in the early identification and treatment of these conditions, survival rates for these children continue to rise, and the majority now lives into adulthood. However, increases in survival have come with costs related to long-term effects of disease processes and treatments. Foremost among these consequences is impairment in brain development and neurocognitive function that may affect a substantial portion of children with chronic health conditions and follow many into adulthood...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478851/-having-cancer-was-awful-but-also-something-good-came-out-post-traumatic-growth-among-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer
#15
Eduardo R Zamora, Jaehee Yi, Jesmin Akter, Jonghee Kim, Echo L Warner, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: The cancer experience may cultivate positive psychological changes that can help reduce distress during adult survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer life course. The aim of this study is to examine the positive impact of cancer in adult survivors utilizing posttraumatic growth as a guiding framework. METHOD: Participants were identified and recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. Eligible cases were diagnosed with cancer age ≤20 years from 1973 to 2009, born in Utah, and were age ≥18 at study...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476522/preliminary-study-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-and-parenting-stress-in-pediatric-mitochondrial-disease
#16
Soyong Eom, Young-Mock Lee
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the neuropsychological profiles of pediatric patients with mitochondrial diseases or their parents, information that is crucial for improving the quality of life (QOL) for both patients and parents. We aimed to delineate neurodevelopment and psychological comorbidity in children with mitochondrial diseases in the preliminary investigation of adequate intervention methods, better prognoses, and improved QOL for both patients and parents. METHODS: Seventy children diagnosed with mitochondrial diseases were neuropsychologically evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467677/observational-coding-systems-of-parent-child-interactions-during-painful-procedures-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jinbing Bai, Kristen M Swanson, Sheila J Santacroce
BACKGROUND: Parent interactions with their child can influence the child's pain and distress during painful procedures. Reliable and valid interaction analysis systems (IASs) are valuable tools for capturing these interactions. The extent to which IASs are used in observational research of parent-child interactions is unknown in pediatric populations. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate studies that focus on assessing psychometric properties of initial iterations/publications of observational coding systems of parent-child interactions during painful procedures...
May 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456023/paternal-psychopathological-risk-and-psychological-functioning-in-children-with-eating-disorders-and-disruptive-behavior-disorder
#18
Luca Cerniglia, Pietro Muratori, Annarita Milone, Marinella Paciello, Laura Ruglioni, Silvia Cimino, Valentina Levantini, Renata Tambelli
Several studies demonstrated that maternal psychopathological risk is related to child's maladjustment, but until recently research has relatively neglected fathers. Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD) and Eating disorders (ED) have a large prevalence during childhood but a few studies have focused on their association with paternal psychopathological risk. One-hundred and thirty-nine children and their fathers were recruited from pediatric hospitals and outpatient clinics and paired with a healthy control group (CG)...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455130/a-nonsurgical-approach-to-adolescent-breast-asymmetry-using-external-prostheses
#19
Carolyn M Pike, Joseph M Firriolo, Nicole C Ontiveros, Sarada P Kuchibhotla, Olivia K Oppel, Lauren C Monoxelos, Arin K Greene, Brian I Labow
PURPOSE: Currently, there are few nonsurgical treatment options for pediatric patients with developmental breast asymmetry. Our group established a partnership with a prosthetic unit within a local oncology center to provide custom-fit breast prostheses for young women with breast asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of this experience on patients' self-esteem and body image. METHODS: Patients were administered an anonymous satisfaction survey at least 1 month after their first fitting at the prosthetic unit...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452729/quality-of-life-of-children-with-rickets-in-young-age-in-armenia
#20
R Dunamalyan, M Mardiyan, L Danielyan, S Mkrtchyan, A Chopikyan
Quality of Life (QL) currently is one of the most important criteria for evaluating a child's function. The main characteristics of QL in pediatrics are the psychological, physical and social functioning of the body. Integral characteristics of QOL based on the subjective perception of the components of the child and his parents. As a result of the official statistics and our research it turned out that children in this age-group more often suffer from intestinal infections, anemia, hypertrophy, rickets, skin and subcutaneous fiber disease, deficiencies occurring in prenatal period...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
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