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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451924/late-effects-awareness-website-for-pediatric-survivors-of-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#1
Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Ana Navarro, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVES: Every day 43 children are newly diagnosed with cancer. Fortunately, almost 90% of these childhood cancer patients will survive. However, 60-90% of these survivors will experience late effects, health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended. Late effects could occur as a result of the disease, its treatment, and patient-related factors. The two main objectives of this research are to: 1) Examine the existence of all web-based resources for childhood cancer survivors with acute lymphocytic leukemia which focus on medical and psychological aspects of late effects, and 2) Create an innovative website specifically designed to fill this void...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449760/pediatric-psychologists-career-satisfaction-2015-society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-results
#2
Marisa E Hilliard, Cheryl Brosig, Andre A A Williams, Jessica Valenzuela, Astrida Kaugars, Paul M Robins, Peggy Christidis, Karen E Stamm, Tim Wysocki
Little is known about the career satisfaction of pediatric psychologists, who specialize in psychological research, teaching, and clinical service in the context of pediatric healthcare. As part of the larger Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey and in collaboration with the American Psychological Association Center for Workforce Studies, this study aimed to: (1) describe the career domains which pediatric psychologists perceive to be important and their satisfaction in each domain, and (2) compare satisfaction of pediatric psychologists across work settings, number of positions, appointment duration, professional roles, career stage, academic rank, and gender...
December 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446795/management-of-pediatric-migraine-current-therapies
#3
Marina Khrizman, Ann Pakalnis
Migraine is one of the most common neurologic conditions in pediatrics. It can be a significant stressor, causing absences from school and interruption of parents' work and family schedules. The mainstay of treatment remains educating patients about healthy lifestyle practices and the influences of sleep, stressors, and hydration on triggering migraine attacks. Psychological therapies such as biofeedback or cognitive-behavioral therapy may be beneficial in some patients, especially those with prominent psychological comorbidities...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440813/anxiety-and-depression-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#4
Azad Rahmani, Arman Azadi, Vahid Pakpour, Safieh Faghani, Ebrahim Ali Afsari
Context: Parents of children with cancer are experiencing high levels of psychological distress. Elevated levels of depression and anxiety following the disclosure of diagnosis affect many aspects of parents' health. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess anxiety and depression of parents of Iranian children with cancer. Settings and Design: This descriptive-correlational study was undertaken among 148 parents of children with cancer admitted to a pediatric hospital affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz/Iran...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429350/-steroid-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-the-most-frequent-cause-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#5
Márton Doleschall, Dóra Török, Katalin Mészáros, Andrea Luczay, Zita Halász, Krisztina Németh, Nikolette Szücs, Róbert Kiss, Judit Tőke, János Sólyom, György Fekete, Attila Patócs, Péter Igaz, Miklós Tóth
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a group of genetic diseases due to the disablement of 7 genes; one of them is steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency. The genes of congenital adrenal hyperplasia encode enzymes taking part in the steroidogenesis of adrenal gland. Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations of the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene. The mutations of steroid 21-hydroxylase gene cause 95% of the congenital adrenal hyperplasia cases. Although the non-classic steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency with mild symptoms is seldom diagnosed, the classic steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency may lead to life-threatening salt-wasting and adrenal crises due to the insufficient aldosterone and cortisol serum levels...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417474/the-impact-of-fellowship-in-dietetics-on-clinical-practice
#6
Terezie Tolar Mosby
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) in pediatric cancer treatment is essential. The Nutrition Department and the International Outreach Program at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, TN have worked together from 2005 to 2013 to develop and implement a training program for international dietitians working with pediatric oncology patients. During that time, St. Jude hosted 15 dietitians from various countries for this 3-week-long program. The curriculum provided experience in nutrition risk screening, nutrition care process, nutrition for cancer prevention, palliative care, and exposure to nutrition support...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416174/considerations-for-the-long-term-treatment-of-pediatric-sarcoma-survivors
#7
Kurt R Weiss, Melissa N Zimel
Sarcomas are primary malignancies of the connective tissues. They are exceedingly rare in adults, but much more common in children. The historically recent advent of cytotoxic chemotherapy for pediatric sarcomas has revolutionized the treatment of these diseases and dramatically improved their prognoses. There is thus a population of pediatric sarcoma survivors that are "coming of age" as adults. However, this progress is not without consequences. Due to aggressive treatment protocols that include various combinations of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, pediatric sarcoma survivors are at risk of myriad physical, medical, and psychological difficulties as they enter adulthood...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403430/altered-regional-brain-cortical-thickness-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Paul M Macey, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Janani P Prasad, Richard A Ma, Rajesh Kumar, Mona F Philby, David Gozal
Rationale: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects 2-5% of all children and is associated with cognitive and behavioral deficits, resulting in poor school performance. These psychological deficits may arise from brain injury, as seen in preliminary findings of lower gray matter volume among pediatric OSA patients. However, the psychological deficits in OSA are closely related to functions in the cortex, and such brain areas have not been specifically assessed. The objective was to determine whether cortical thickness, a marker of possible brain injury, is altered in children with OSA...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403147/pain-assessment-methods-and-interventions-used-by-pediatric-psychologists-a-survey-by-the-pain-special-interest-group-of-the-society-of-pediatric-psychology
#9
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Karen E Weiss, Mary Anne Tamula, Dina Karvounides, Cindy Harbeck-Weber, Staci Martin
Although many valid pain-related assessment instruments and interventions exist, little is known about which are actually utilized in practice and the factors that contribute to pediatric psychologist's decisions about their use. The aim of this survey study was to present a summary of current clinical practice among pediatric psychologists in the area of pediatric pain and to identify the needs and possible resources that would enable practitioners to better implement evidence-based assessments and interventions...
December 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399926/the-choice-between-deceased-vs-living-donor-renal-transplantation-in-children-analysis-of-data-from-a-belgian-tertiary-center
#10
Katty Van Cauwenberghe, Ann Raes, Lut Pauwels, Jo Dehoorne, Luc Colenbie, Clement Dequidt, Lien Dossche, Johan Vande Walle, Agnieszka Prytuła
Pediatric renal transplantation with a living donor (LD) has superior outcome, but there is a paucity of studies analyzing the reasons for not undertaking living donation in West-European countries. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the choice of donor source in our center. We also aimed to identify factors which prevented transplantation with a LD. This retrospective study was performed including children aged 2-19 years who underwent kidney transplantation (KT) at the Ghent University Hospital between 1996 and 2016...
February 4, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396310/parent-s-perspectives-on-how-they-cope-with-the-impact-on-their-family-of-a-child-with-heart-disease
#11
Alun C Jackson, Rosemary O Higgins, Erica Frydenberg, Rachel P-T Liang, Barbara M Murphy
PURPOSE: Studies of familial coping with a child's chronic condition have highlighted psychological distress; family functioning; and quality of life; as issues that demand coping strategies. There are conflicting findings on impact and coping and a paucity of information about the specific coping challenges for parents of a child with heart disease, with few qualitative studies in this area. The purpose of the study was to explore the way parents coped with their child's heart condition as it impacted on different domains of family functioning...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395410/risk-factors-for-burn-injuries-and-fire-safety-awareness-among-patients-hospitalized-at-a-public-hospital-in-nairobi-kenya-a-case-control-study
#12
Joseph K Wanjeri, Mary Kinoti, Tom H A M Olewe
INTRODUCTION: Burn injuries are some of the most physically and psychologically devastating forms of trauma and most common injuries affecting children, especially in the home environment. They are more prevalent and are a public health problem in developing countries mainly because of poor socio-economic conditions. Effective prevention programs should be guided by the results of well-designed studies aimed at investigating risk factors for burns. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To establish the risk factors for burn injuries among patients hospitalized at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH)...
January 29, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393875/professional-well-being-of-practicing-physicians-the-roles-of-autonomy-competence-and-relatedness
#13
Oksana Babenko
This study investigated the roles of basic psychological needs-autonomy, competence, and relatedness-in physicians' professional well-being, specifically satisfaction with professional life, work-related engagement, and exhaustion. Using an online survey, quantitative data were collected from 57 practicing physicians. Overall, 65% of the participants were female; 49% were family medicine (FM) physicians, with the rest of the participants practicing in various non-FM specialties (e.g., internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery); and 47% were in the early-career stage (≤10 years in practice)...
February 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386073/personalized-and-yet-standardized-an-informed-approach-to-the-integration-of-bereavement-care-in-pediatric-oncology-settings
#14
Lori Wiener, Abby R Rosenberg, Wendy G Lichtenthal, Julia Tager, Meaghann S Weaver
OBJECTIVE: The death of a child has been associated with adverse parental outcomes, including a heightened risk for psychological distress, poor physical health, loss of employment income, and diminished psychosocial well-being. Psychosocial standards of care for centers serving pediatric cancer patients recommend maintaining at least one meaningful contact between the healthcare team and bereaved parents to identify families at risk for negative psychosocial sequelae and to provide resources for bereavement support...
February 1, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381486/a-quality-improvement-project-to-reduce-noise-in-a-pediatric-unit
#15
Maher Soubra, Yara Abou Harb, Sara Hatoum, Nadine Yazbeck, Mirna Khoury, Elie Bou Mansour, Lina Kurdahi Badr
PURPOSE: Noise levels remain high in clinical settings, which may result in stress and sleep disruption, and can lead to immunosuppression, delayed healing, confusion, disorientation, delusions, and increased length of hospital stay. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to assess effects of a multidisciplinary noise reduction program on a pediatric unit in an acute care hospital in a developing country. METHODS: A quality improvement project was carried out over 15 months in a pediatric unit...
January 29, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380715/the-need-to-support-caregivers-during-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-bmt-a-case-report
#16
Christina Mangurian, Wendy Packman, Nicholas S Riano, Julia Kearney
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric bone marrow transplants represent a medically stressful, potentially traumatic experience for children and caregivers, and psychological support for parental caregivers is paramount to their long-term well-being. However, many medical centers do not have protocols in place to sustain caregiver well-being during these distressing experiences. METHOD: We report on a case of a 10-month-old infant with Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome who was hospitalized for bone marrow transplantation...
January 30, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373439/psychological-factors-and-outcomes-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-pediatric-patients-with-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome
#17
Colleen Stiles-Shields, Christopher L Skelly, Grace Zee Mak, Christopher Speaker, Hope Boyd, Setareh O'Brien, Tina Drossos
OBJECTIVE: Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome (MALS) is a frequently overlooked cause of chronic abdominal pain (CAP), and results in many symptoms that mimic other gastrointestinal conditions that result in CAP. A small, but growing body of literature indicates that surgery improves quality of life (QOL) in patients with MALS. The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychological characteristics of pediatric patients with MALS to determine their prevalence and impact on surgical outcomes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368109/-quality-of-life-of-parents-of-children-suffering-from-pediatric-malignancies%C3%A2-in-a-low-income-setting
#18
Vibha Sanjay Bafna, Tanvi Ajay Bafna, Abhilasha Sampagar, Sunita Raman Rupavataram
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of pediatric malignancies on quality of life (QOL) and psychological status of parents and to correlate it with well-matched controls and socioeconomic status. METHODS: A prospective comparative cross-sectional study was conducted. Seventy parents of children diagnosed with pediatric malignancies within the last three months were enrolled in the study group (SG) and 50 matched parents of healthy children as the control group (CG)...
January 25, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361838/interventions-minimizing-fatigue-in-children-adolescents-with-cancer-an-integrative-review
#19
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Karin Olson, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Fernanda Machado Silva-Rodrigues, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
Fatigue is among the most common, debilitating, and distressing symptoms associated with chronic condition in pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to identify non-pharmacological fatigue interventions in children and adolescents with cancer. For this, we carried out an integrative review of the literature from January 2000 to December 2016. A comprehensive search of four databases was conducted: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Psychology Information, Medline via PubMed, and Web of Science...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358158/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-dental-anxiety-open-trial
#20
Shervin Shahnavaz, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Tove Hasselblad, Lena Reuterskiöld, Viktor Kaldo, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based method for treating specific phobias, but access to treatment is difficult, especially for children and adolescents with dental anxiety. Psychologist-guided Internet-based CBT (ICBT) may be an effective way of increasing accessibility while maintaining treatment effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychologist-guided ICBT improves school-aged children's and adolescents' ability to manage dental anxiety by (1) decreasing avoidance and affecting the phobia diagnosis and (2) decreasing the dental fear and increasing the target groups' self-efficacy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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