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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818837/parent-coping-support-interventions-during-acute-pediatric-hospitalizations-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Stephanie K Doupnik, Douglas Hill, Deepak Palakshappa, Diana Worsley, Hanah Bae, Aleesha Shaik, Maylene Kefeng Qiu, Meghan Marsac, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Parents may experience psychological distress when a child is acutely hospitalized, which can negatively affect child outcomes. Interventions designed to support parents' coping have the potential to mitigate this distress. OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions designed to provide coping support to parents of hospitalized children and conduct a meta-analysis of coping support intervention outcomes (parent anxiety, depression, and stress). DATA SOURCES: We searched Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO, Psychiatry Online, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from 1985 to 2016 for English-language articles including the concepts "pediatric," "hospitalization," "parents," and "coping support intervention...
August 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809993/adalimumab-in-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-a-clinical-guide
#2
Jashin J Wu, W C Valdecantos
<p>Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory disease that manifests itself as lesions on the skin, which greatly impacts the physical and psychological wellbeing of those affected. The current goal of treatment in psoriasis is to improve the signs and symptoms of disease, whilst minimizing the burden of disease on patient health-related quality of life. Psoriasis can also be associated with other comorbidities such as joint disease, cardiovascular disease, and depression, which can add to the complexity of treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#3
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#4
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805445/prevalence-and-predictors-of-learning-and-psychological-diagnoses-following-pediatric-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#5
Tricia S Williams, Kyla P McDonald, Samantha D Roberts, Nomazulu Dlamini, Gabrielle deVeber, Robyn Westmacott
This study examined the prevalence of learning and psychological diagnoses and associated neurological and personal-environmental risk factors following perinatal and childhood arterial ischemic stroke. In our sample of 126 children and youth, 52.4% received a diagnosis following their assessment. Specifically, 32% had a single diagnosis and 21% had two or more diagnoses. Learning disability, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability were the most prevalent diagnoses. Associated risk factors varied by diagnosis with lower intellectual functioning being the common risk factor across categories...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803827/caring-for-the-caregiver-supporting-families-of-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#6
Mariecel Pilapil, Daniel J Coletti, Cindy Rabey, David DeLaet
Caregivers of youth with special health care needs (YSHCN) are a critical part of the health care team. It is important for pediatric providers to be cognizant of the burden and strain caregiving can create. This article will discuss the health, psychological, social, and financial effects of caregiving, as well as strategies to screen for caregiver strain among families of YSHCN. Caregivers of YSHCN, for example, are more likely to report poor health status and demonstrate higher rates of depression and anxiety...
August 10, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803331/impact-of-monitoring-health-related-quality-of%C3%A2-life-in-clinical-practice-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
PURPOSE: To test whether the systematic monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinical practice in Spanish pediatric patients with T1DM helps improve their daily life in a multicenter longitudinal study. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients participated, recruited from five centers in Barcelona, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years). Complete data were collected for 119 patients (85%). Pediatricians were randomly assigned to the HRQOL intervention (n = 70), or control group (n = 49)...
August 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794910/first-report-of-two-rare-entities-in-a-family-49-xxxxy-and-45-x
#8
Yavuz Şahin, Aysegül Özcan
49,XXXXY and 45,X syndromes are sex chromosome aneuploidies in which the affected individuals present with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, short or long stature, and skeletal malformations. Psychological, endocrinological, and orthopaedic disorders constitute the major problems in the clinical follow-up. We report a family with two rare entities: 49,XXXXY and 45, X. Sex chromosome abnormalities should especially be in mind in the evaluation of patients with micropenis, mental retardation, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#9
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781991/validation-of-a-cystic-fibrosis-medication-knowledge-questionnaire
#10
Beverly FitzPatrick, John Hawboldt, Mary Jane Smith, Tiffany Lee
Low adherence to cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment is associated with poor health outcomes, while knowledge of the disease and medication regimen can positively influence adherence. This study's purpose was to develop and validate a questionnaire to help determine CF medication knowledge of pediatric patients and caregivers. Our questionnaire had 37 items: 22 selected-response and 15 open-response questions. We used validation processes from the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. CF experts analyzed validity evidence based on content...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777771/longitudinal-change-in-parent-and-child-functioning-after-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#11
Emily F Law, Emma Fisher, Waylon J Howard, Rona Levy, Lee Ritterband, Tonya M Palermo
Theoretical models of pediatric chronic pain propose longitudinal associations between children's pain experiences and parent and family factors. A large body of cross-sectional research supports these models, demonstrating that greater parent distress and maladaptive parenting behaviors are associated with greater child disability. Family-based cognitive-behavioral therapy interventions have been developed for youth with chronic pain which aim to improve child disability and reduce maladaptive parenting behaviors...
July 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776749/psychosocial-functioning-self-image-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#12
S Cipolletta, G Spina, A Spoto
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurocutaneus manifestations, as well as attention and learning problems. The aim of this study was to examine the psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and self-image of children with NF1. METHOD: Two hundred forty participants were recruited, comprising 60 children and adolescents with NF1, 60 parents of children with NF1, 60 children and adolescents without NF1, and 60 parents of children without NF1...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759282/adolescent-risk-screening-instruments-for-primary-care-an-integrative-review-utilizing-the-donabedian-framework
#13
Deanna B Hiott, Shannon Phillips, Elaine Amella
Adolescent risk-taking behavior choices can affect future health outcomes. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to evaluate adolescent risk screening instruments available to primary care providers in the United States using the Donabedian Framework of structure, process, and outcome. To examine the literature concerning multidimensional adolescent risk screening instruments available in the United States for use in the primary care setting, library searches, ancestry searches, and Internet searches were conducted...
July 31, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751300/twelve-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-parents-of-children-on-cancer-treatment
#14
Martin Cernvall, Per Carlbring, Anna Wikman, Lisa Ljungman, Gustaf Ljungman, Louise von Essen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of parents of children on cancer treatment report psychological distress such as symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTSS), depression, and anxiety. During their child's treatment many parents also experience an economic burden. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of Internet-based guided self-help for parents of children on cancer treatment. METHODS: This study was a parallel randomized controlled trial comparing a 10-week Internet-based guided self-help program, including weekly support from a therapist via encrypted email, with a wait-list control condition...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#15
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743966/pupil-adaptation-corresponds-to-quantitative-measures-of-autism-traits-in-children
#16
Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio, Vanessa Troiani
The pupil is known to reflect a range of psychological and physiological variables, including cognitive effort, arousal, attention, and even learning. Within autism spectrum disorder (ASD), some work has used pupil physiology to successfully classify patients with or without autism. As we have come to understand the heterogeneity of ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders, the relationship between quantitative traits and physiological markers has become increasingly more important, as this may lead us closer to the underlying biological basis for atypical responses and behaviors...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742541/parental-psychological-distress-and-family-food-insecurity-sad-dads-in-hungry-homes
#17
Katie K Tseng, Su Hyun Park, Jenni A Shearston, Lily Lee, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether household food insecurity is associated with serious psychological distress (SPD) in fathers and mothers in a nationally representative US sample. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, matched child-parent data from the 2014 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey (N = 18,456). Parental psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale. Family food security was measured using the USDA's 10-item Food Security scale, and households were dichotomized as food secure or food insecure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734195/implementation-of-psychological-clinical-trials-in-epilepsy-review-and-guide
#18
REVIEW
Avani C Modi, Janelle Wagner, Aimee W Smith, Tanja S Kellermann, Rosa Michaelis
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Neuropsychiatry commission and United States Institute of Medicine report both identified cognitive and psychological comorbidities as a significant issue for individuals with epilepsy, with rates as high as 60%. However, there is a paucity of evidence-based treatments for many psychological conditions (e.g., learning disorders, cognitive disorders, behavioral disorders). Because of inherent challenges in the implementation of psychological therapy trials and specific considerations for the population with epilepsy, the focus of the current review was to provide guidance and recommendations to conduct psychological trials for individuals with epilepsy...
July 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732211/psychological-health-and-pediatric-urology-the-missing-chapter-in%C3%A2-our%C3%A2-surgical-atlas
#19
EDITORIAL
Alexandra Rehfuss, Barry Kogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#20
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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