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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921262/motivation-for-feedback-seeking-among-pediatric-residents-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Duncan Henry, Travis Vesel, Christy Boscardin, Sandrijn van Schaik
BACKGROUND: For effective self-directed life-long learning physicians need to engage in feedback-seeking, which means fostering such behavior during training. Self-determination theory (SDT) posits that intrinsic motivation is fostered when the environment optimizes the individual's experience of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. Educational settings meeting these psychological needs may foster intrinsic motivation in trainees, enhance their desire for feedback, and promote feedback-seeking...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#2
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916338/emergency-organization-of-child-psychiatric-care-following-the-terrorist-attack-on-july-14-2016-in-nice-france
#3
Lucie Chauvelin, Morgane Gindt, Bertrand Olliac, Philippe Robert, Susanne Thümmler, Florence Askenazy
In the actual context of terrorism targeting children and families, it seems essential to describe different experiences of pediatric psychological emergency devices after such unexpected mass trauma. Here we testify our experience of the psychological emergency care setup dedicated to children and families during the first 48 hours after the terrorist attack of Nice, France, on July 14, 2016. Activated within the hour following the attack, the device included two child psychiatry teams turning over each day, receiving at least 163 individuals (99 children and 64 adults) within the first 2 days...
June 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910839/primary-and-secondary-caregiver-reports-of-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-asthma-are-they-comparable
#4
Robin S Everhart, Jessica L Greenlee, Marcia A Winter, Barbara H Fiese
Purpose: This study aimed to compare primary and secondary caregiver QOL within families of children with asthma and determine the potential importance of including secondary caregiver QOL in clinical and research settings. Methods: Participants included 118 families of children with asthma that had primary and secondary caregivers. Families completed measures in a single research session. Caregivers reported on QOL, psychological functioning, and family burden; children completed a measure of QOL...
June 2018: Applied Research in Quality of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909602/traumatic-stress-among-school-aged-pediatric-surgery-patients-and-their-parents
#5
Amichai Ben Ari, Daniella Margalit, Raphael Udassin, Fortu Benarroch
INTRODUCTION:  Since hospitalization can be a traumatic event for children, many of them may suffer from a cluster of chronic psychological and emotional difficulties called Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress (PMTS). Although PMTS causes considerable functional impairment and psychological distress and may decrease the children's compliance with post-surgical care, awareness of this condition is low and thus not enough effort is made to prevent it. The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the prevalence and characteristics of PMTS in school-age children following hospitalization in a general pediatric surgery ward and in their parents, which has not been documented before...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909128/prevalence-of-childhood-mental-disorders-in-overweight-and-obese-spanish-children-identifying-loss-of-control-eating
#6
Ana R Sepúlveda, Santos Solano, Miriam Blanco, Tatiana Lacruz, Montserrat Graell
The aim was to examine the prevalence of childhood mental disorders in overweight/obese pediatric sample and also to explore the relationship between these pathologies and loss of control eating (LOC). Another aim was to assess the association between psychopathology and severity of obesity. A total of 170 children from different Health Centers were evaluated (84 girls and 86 boys; aged 8 to 12 years). Childhood psychological problems were assessed through a standardized diagnostic interview schedule (K-SADS-R) and by questionnaires (STAIC for anxiety, CDI for depression and ChEAT for disordered eating)...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905842/opioid-prescribing-and-polypharmacy-in-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#7
Sabrina Gmuca, Rui Xiao, Pamela F Weiss, David D Sherry, Andrea M Knight, Jeffrey S Gerber
Objective: Thirty percent of adults with fibromyalgia receive an opioid, but the prevalence of opioid prescribing in pediatric chronic musculoskeletal pain is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with opioid exposure and polypharmacy among children with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study using health care claims data from 2000 to 2013, the index date was the first ICD-9 code 729...
June 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900751/the-effect-of-clown-intervention-on-self-report-and-biomarker-measures-of-stress-and-fatigue-in-pediatric-osteosarcoma-inpatients-a-pilot-study
#8
Luis C Lopes-Júnior, Gabriela Pereira-da-Silva, Denise S C Silveira, Luciana C Veronez, Jéssica C Santos, Jonas B Alonso, Regina A G Lima
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cancer patients experience different psychological processes during hospitalization that may regulate the immune response and affect recovery and response to cancer treatment. In this study, we aimed to examine the feasibility of longitudinal testing of psychophysiological parameters of stress and fatigue in pediatric osteosarcoma patients hospitalized for chemotherapy submitted to clown intervention; and to investigate whether changes in the levels of biomarkers are associated with psychological stress and fatigue levels in these patients after the clown intervention...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899299/parent-attributions-of-ambiguous-symptoms-in-their-children-a-preliminary-measure-validation-in-parents-of-children-with-chronic-pain
#9
Lauren C Heathcote, Sara E Williams, Allison M Smith, Christine B Sieberg, Laura E Simons
How parents attribute cause to their child’s physical symptoms is likely important in understanding how the parent responds to the child, as well as the child’s health outcomes, especially within the context of chronic illness. Here, we adapt the Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire for parent report (SIQ-PR) and provide preliminary validation in a sample of parents of children with chronic pain ( N = 311). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIQ-PR structure is consistent with the original measure, with three distinct attribution types: psychological (emotional/affective), somatic (illness/disease), and environmental (situational/transient) causes...
June 13, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895725/pediatric-headache-clinic-model-implementation-of-integrative-therapies-in-practice
#10
REVIEW
Anna Esparham, Anne Herbert, Emily Pierzchalski, Catherine Tran, Jennifer Dilts, Madeline Boorigie, Tammie Wingert, Mark Connelly, Jennifer Bickel
The demand for integrative medicine has risen in recent years as research has demonstrated the efficacy of such treatments. The public has also become more conscientious of the potential limitations of conventional treatment alone. Because primary headache syndromes are often the culmination of genetics, lifestyle, stress, trauma, and environmental factors, they are best treated with therapies that are equally multifaceted. The Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri Headache Clinic has successfully incorporated integrative therapies including nutraceuticals, acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, relaxation training, hypnosis, psychology services, and lifestyle recommendations for headache management...
June 12, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890863/the-role-of-hospital-design-in-reducing-anxiety-for-pediatric-patients
#11
Jenifer Cartland, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Lauren Carr, Audrey Hall, Richard Olsen, Ellen Rosendale, Susan Ruohonen
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of hospital design on patient and family experiences during and after hospitalization. BACKGROUND: Hospitalization can be psychologically traumatic for children. Few research studies have studied the role of the design of the hospital environment in mitigating that traumatic experience. METHODS: The study employs a two-group posttest and follow-up design to compare the impact of hospitalization on child anxiety and parent stress...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886019/affiliate-stigma-and-caregiver-burden-in-intractable-epilepsy
#12
Barbara Hansen, Magdalena Szaflarski, E Martina Bebin, Jerzy P Szaflarski
Intractable epilepsy can be challenging for patients and for their families. Disability rates in patients are high, causing tremendous physical and emotional burden on family caregivers. Additionally, caregivers may experience affiliate stigma, where they perceive and internalize the negative societal views of a condition and exhibit a psychological response. Affiliate stigma has been rarely studied in caregivers of those with intractable epilepsy. This study examined the relationship between affiliate stigma and the levels of burden experienced by caregivers, as well as how these levels may vary between those caring for children and adults...
June 7, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883205/pediatric-nurses-usage-and-experience-toward-complementary-health-approaches
#13
Vildan Cırık, Emine Efe
OBJECTIVES: The usage of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA) and its popularity have been increasing among both children and pediatric nurses. The aims of this study were to (1) determine the knowledge and usage levels of pediatric nurses about CHA, (2) describe the experiences of nurses about CHA, and (3) evaluate the attitudes of nurses toward CHA. METHODS: This was multicenter study. A total of 1,450 pediatric nurses who are working at the pediatric departments of different hospitals in Turkey participated in the study between June 2013 and February 2014...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869129/-skin-biopsy-of-inflammatory-skin-diseases-in-childhood-when-is-it-reasonable
#14
REVIEW
A Böer-Auer, R Fölster-Holst
Compared with adulthood, inflammatory skin diseases are relatively rarely biopsied in children. Apart from the invasiveness of the procedure, the required local anesthesia, and the risks of infection and scarring, the psychological trauma of the operation has a higher impact in childhood. If a biopsy is performed, expectations towards the dermatopathology report are high. However, the evaluation of biopsies taken from children is challenging for the dermatopathologist: on the one hand, because the biopsies are often tiny or just superficial shaves and, on the other hand, because criteria for evaluation have mostly been developed from findings in adult biopsy specimens...
June 4, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869119/using-virtual-human-technology-to-examine-weight-bias-and-the-role-of-patient-weight-on-student-assessment-of-pediatric-pain
#15
Shana L Boyle, David M Janicke, Michael E Robinson, Laura D Wandner
The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of weight bias and demographic characteristics on the assessment of pediatric chronic pain. Weight status, race, and sex were manipulated in a series of virtual human (VH) digital images of children. Using a web-based platform, 96 undergraduate students with health care-related majors (e.g., Health Science, Nursing, Biology, and Pre-Medicine) read a clinical vignette and provided five ratings targeting the assessment of each VH child's pain. Students also answered a weight bias questionnaire...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852026/establishing-priorities-for-psychological-interventions-in-pediatric-settings-a-decision-tree-approach-using-the-disabkids-10-index-as-a-screening-instrument
#16
Neuza Silva, Monika Bullinger, Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Carlos Carona
Most children and adolescents with chronic health conditions have impaired health-related quality of life and are at high risk of internalizing and externalizing problems. However, few patients present clinically significant symptoms. Using a decision-tree approach, this study aimed to identify risk profiles for psychological problems based on measures that can be easily scored and interpreted by healthcare professionals in pediatric settings. The participants were 736 children and adolescents between 8-18 years of age with asthma, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, type-1diabetes or obesity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850915/effectiveness-of-disease-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-youth-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Luuk Stapersma, Gertrude van den Brink, Jan van der Ende, Eva M Szigethy, Ruud Beukers, Thea A Korpershoek, Sabine D M Theuns-Valks, Manon H J Hillegers, Johanna C Escher, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a disease-specific cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol on anxiety and depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Method: A parallel group randomized controlled trial was conducted in 6 centers of (pediatric) gastroenterology. Included were 70 patients and young adults (10-25 years) with IBD and subclinical anxiety and/or depressive symptoms...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850275/a-predictable-aesthetic-rehabilitation-of-deciduous-anterior-teeth-in-early-childhood-caries
#18
Priyanka Agarwal, Rashmi Nayak, Ghayathri Elangovan
Aesthetic dentistry plays a significant role not only in adults but also in pediatric patients. However, a pediatric dentist is faced with the dual problem of satisfying the aesthetic expectations of the patient and parents as well as managing the pediatric patient. In the present era, there are numerous restorative techniques that can be applied to different clinical scenarios. However, we have to choose the technique that best suits our patient, not only biologically but also aesthetically, psychologically, functionally, and financially...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846679/neuropsychological-functioning-of-youth-receiving-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment
#19
Christina M Low Kapalu, John J Hall, Dustin P Wallace
Objective: Chronic pain is associated with school difficulties; however, there is limited published evidence on the cognitive or neuropsychological functioning of youth with chronic pain. Method: When beginning intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment, 94 youth (age = 10-18) with chronic pain completed neuropsychological assessment (e.g., intelligence, academic skills, learning and recall, and attention) and clinical questionnaires (e.g., pain and physical and psychological functioning)...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846254/update-in-the-management-of-acne-in-adolescence
#20
Muithi Mwanthi, Andrea L Zaenglein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will update the pediatric provider on recent data on the pathogenesis and treatment of acne in adolescent patients. A special focus was made to summarize recent guidelines and fill in several identified practice gaps. RECENT FINDINGS: Our understanding of the pathogenesis of acne is greatly expanding and data is emerging to tie diet, particularly the role of IGF-1 with inflammation in acne. Additionally, stronger recommendations to limit antibiotic usage in acne are being made worldwide...
May 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
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