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Pediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651418/-advances-in-the-research-of-pressure-therapy-for-pediatric-burn-patients-with-facial-scar
#1
Y T Wei, J F Fu, Z H P Li-Tsang
Facial scar and deformation caused by burn injury severely affect physical and psychological well-being of pediatric burn patients, which needs medical workers and pediatric burn patients' family members to pay much attention to and to perform early rehabilitation treatment. Pressure therapy is an important rehabilitative strategy for pediatric burn patients with facial scar, mainly including wearing headgears and transparent pressure facemasks, which have their own features. To achieve better treatment results, pressure therapy should be chosen according to specific condition of pediatric burn patients and combined with other assistant therapies...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644422/immersive-virtual-reality-for-pediatric-pain
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Stevenson Won, Jakki Bailey, Jeremy Bailenson, Christine Tataru, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Children must often endure painful procedures as part of their treatment for various medical conditions. Those with chronic pain endure frequent or constant discomfort in their daily lives, sometimes severely limiting their physical capacities. With the advent of affordable consumer-grade equipment, clinicians have access to a promising and engaging intervention for pediatric pain, both acute and chronic. In addition to providing relief from acute and procedural pain, virtual reality (VR) may also help to provide a corrective psychological and physiological environment to facilitate rehabilitation for pediatric patients suffering from chronic pain...
June 23, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632194/a-mind-body-approach-to-pediatric-pain-management
#3
REVIEW
Melanie L Brown, Enrique Rojas, Suzanne Gouda
Pain is a significant public health problem that affects all populations and has significant financial, physical and psychological impact. Opioid medications, once the mainstay of pain therapy across the spectrum, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that non-opioid pain medications are preferred for chronic pain outside of certain indications (cancer, palliative and end of life care). Mindfulness, hypnosis, acupuncture and yoga are four examples of mind-body techniques that are often used in the adult population for pain and symptom management...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#4
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626360/delays-and-disabilities-np-screening-and-care-management
#5
Shannon H Ford, Hyunkyung Choi, Susan Brunssen, Marcia Van Riper
Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ND) impair functioning and are associated with increased physical and psychological health risks. ND care is increasingly being provided by NPs in primary care settings. To assess NP's knowledge and care management practices for pediatric patients with potential or existing ND, practicing NPs in North Carolina were invited to complete an online survey. NC NP's provide care to ND patients in a variety of settings and have varied levels of experience with ND. Differences in knowledge, screening, and management practices are identified...
February 2017: Journal for Nurse Practitioners: JNP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#6
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620276/an-analysis-of-a-novel-short-term-therapeutic-psychoeducational-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-neurological-illness-and-their-parents-feasibility-and-efficacy
#7
Bonglim Joo, Young-Mock Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Soyong Eom
The purpose of this intervention was to develop a therapeutic psycho-educational program that improves quality of life in children and adolescents who are experiencing chronic neurological illness, including epilepsy, and their parents, and to analyze the intervention's feasibility and efficacy and participants' satisfaction. Participants were eight children (n = 8) and adolescents and their parents; participating children were experiencing chronic neurological illness with psychological comorbidity; children with intellectual impairment were excluded (IQ < 80)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617528/influence-of-ablation-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-in-children-with-supraventricular-tachycardia
#8
E Szafran, A Baszko, A Bukowska-Posadzy, A Łaźniak, T Moszura, A Siwińska, J Walkowiak, W Bobkowski
OBJECTIVE: Numerous restrictions, which are imposed on children with arrhythmia, influence their quality of life (QoL) and may have a negative impact on their further development. Ablation is a highly successful treatment leaving patients free from arrhythmia and other related limitations. There are very few studies evaluating the influence of ablation on the QoL in children with arrhythmia, based on small groups of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ablation on the QoL in children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607211/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-newborn-hearing-screening
#9
Abraham Paul, Chhaya Prasad, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai, M K C Nair, Waheeda Pagarkar
JUSTIFICATION: Hearing impairment is one of the most critical sensory impairments with significant social and psychological consequences. Reported incidence of congenital hearing loss is 30 per 10,000 children. Evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are needed for professionals to screen for hearing impairment during the neonatal period. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on developmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606407/munchausen%C3%A2-syndrome-by%C3%A2-proxy-and%C3%A2-pediatric%C3%A2-nephrology
#10
Cristina Bertulli, Pierre Cochat
Munchausen syndrome by proxy is a persistent fabrication of illness done by a person to another. Renal and urologic forms of this syndrome are not as uncommon as can be thought; a review of all the cases of Munchausen-by-proxy syndrome reveals that 25% of the children had renal or urologic issues. This syndrome can result in a serious diagnostic dilemma for the physicians; knowing this entity can allow early recognition of falsification and limit the physical and psychological damages caused in the victim. In this study, we reviewed the pediatric nephrology cases of Munchausen syndrome by proxy, grouping them through the principal signs of presentation...
June 9, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605805/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-volume-42-number-6-july-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605803/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-front-cover
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603680/society-of-pediatric-psychology-diversity-award-training-underrepresented-minority-students-in-psychology
#13
Monica J Mitchell, Lori E Crosby
Improving diversity, particularly among trainees and professionals from underrepresented ethnic minority backgrounds, has been a long-stated goal for the field of Psychology. Research has provided strategies and best practices, such as ensuring cultural sensitivity and relevance in coursework, clinical and research training, promoting a supportive and inclusive climate, providing access to cultural and community opportunities, and increasing insight and cultural competence among professionals (Rogers & Molina, 2006)...
December 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602692/psychological-characteristics-and-pain-frequency-are-associated-with-experimental-pain-sensitivity-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Nitya Bakshi, Ines Lukombo, Helen Shnol, Inna Belfer, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is associated with episodes of severe vasocclusive pain beginning in infancy with a subset of patients with SCD transitioning to chronic pain. Response to experimental pain using Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) in these patients suggest altered pain processing. The objectives of this study were to characterize sensitivity to multiple modalities of experimental pain stimuli and to interrogate the relationship of psychological covariates, clinical pain burden and pain-related outcomes to experimental pain sensitivity in children with SCD as compared to healthy individuals of similar age and sex...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590770/pediatric-abdominal-radiographs-common-and-less-common-errors
#15
Sarah J Menashe, Ramesh S Iyer, Marguerite T Parisi, Randolph K Otto, Edward Weinberger, A Luana Stanescu
OBJECTIVE: Interpretation of abdominal radiographs of children benefits from a firm knowledge of the congenital anomalies and pathologies unique to this patient population, leveraged by a systematic approach. Interpretive errors place the patients and their families at risk for a delay in diagnosis, unnecessary additional imaging, a potential increase in the radiation burden, and possible psychologic trauma. CONCLUSION: In this article, we describe the common and uncommon potential pitfalls in pediatric abdominal radiography, using several of our own interpretive errors as a framework while providing teaching points to help avoid these mistakes...
June 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574389/-radical-reconstructive-toracoplasty-a-new-method-of-treatment-of-patients-with-choanoid-deformation-of-breast
#16
N Dvaladze
Objective - development of a new method of surgery correction of choanoid deformation of breast, leading to significant improvement of the treatment results of the patients with this pathotology. The new method is being developed based on the analysis of the own long experience of treatment of the patients with choanoid deformation of breast. In total, over than 70 patients have been surged, with the age ranging from 5 to 35. The surgeries have been implemented in Leningrad Pediatric Medical Institute clinic as well as clinics in Georgia...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572146/investigating-parent-needs-participation-and-psychological-distress-in-the-children-s-hospital
#17
Jessica Jones, Amy S Nowacki, Amy Greene, Christine Traul, Johanna Goldfarb
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Greater parent participation in a child's hospital care is associated with better child outcomes in the hospital and after discharge. This study examined the relationships between perceived need fulfillment for parents, parent participation in hospital care, and parent psychological distress. We hypothesized that greater perceived need fulfillment would be associated with greater participation in hospital care and decreased psychological distress. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 166 parents completed questionnaires on a pediatric (nonintensive care) floor...
June 1, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569621/attachment-orientations-and-psychological-adjustment-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer-a-matched-group-comparison
#18
Maria Cusinato, Vincenzo Calvo, Gianni Bisogno, Elisabetta Viscardi, Marta Pillon, Enrico Opocher, Giuseppe Basso, Maria Montanaro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood cancer on parents' adult attachment, social support, marital adjustment, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: 30 parents of children with childhood cancer and 30 matched controls completed the following questionnaires: Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 (DAS-4), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - form Y (STAI-Y), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553907/should-clinicians-intervene-if-they-suspect-that-a-caregiver-whose-child-has-cancer-is-at-risk-of-psychological-harm
#19
Amy E Caruso Brown
Compelling arguments suggest that pediatric oncologists who have concerns about the mental health and well-being of a child's caregiver have a duty to intervene. These arguments are rooted in fundamental principles of beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Not only do patients benefit when their parents and others caregivers are happy and healthy, but when the psychological distress of a caregiver is a consequence of the experience of illness and treatment, some of the responsibility for mitigating the harm falls to those who have an active role in directing treatment-the clinicians...
May 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552638/interprofessional-education-in-pediatrics-child-protection-and-family-services-as-a-teaching-example
#20
Christine Straub, Marcus Krüger, Sebastian Bode
Interprofessional collaboration between different professional groups in the health care system is essential to efficient and effective patient care. Especially in pediatrics, in the field of child protection, and family services it is mandatory to involve experts from different health-care professions to optimize support for children and their families. Interprofessional education in medical schools and specifically in pediatrics is rare in Germany, but is called for by the German National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM)...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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