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diabetes cancer survival mortality

Xing-Si Peng, Guo-Feng Xie, Wen-Ze Qiu, Yun-Hong Tian, Wei-Jun Zhang, Ka-Jia Cao
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been identified as an adverse prognostic variable which associated with an increased mortality in various cancers, including colorectal, lung, and breast cancers. However, previous studies provided inconsistent results on the association between diabetes and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between diabetes mellitus and the survival of NPC patients. METHODS: This study was designed as a 1:2 matched case-control study...
2016: PloS One
Wei-Jei Lee
Obesity is a pan-endemic health problem in both developed and developing countries, in both western and eastern countries. It increases risk for many common diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, stroke, asthma, osteoarthritis, cancers and depression etc.. Although the incidence of obesity in Asia is relatively low, Asian patients tend to have similar incidence of obesity related metabolic syndrome at lower BMI level comparing to Caucasians because of central obesity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ikuko Kato, Gregory Dyson, Michael Snyder, Hyeong-Reh Kim, Richard K Severson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether cancer specific survival in rectal cancer patients is affected by patient-related factors, conditional on radiation treatment. METHODS: 359 invasive rectal cancer patients who consented and provided questionnaire data for a population-based case-control study of colorectal cancer in Metropolitan Detroit were included in this study. Their vital status was ascertained through to the population-based cancer registry...
September 2016: Journal of Radiation Oncology
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Janelle Yu, Suzanne Lu, Ann-Marie McLaren, Julie A Perry, Karen M Cross
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a significant problem in an aging population. 15% of diabetics develop a DFU over their lifetime, which can lead to potential amputation. The 5-year survival rate after amputation is 31%, which is greater than the lifetime risk of mortality from cancer. Topical oxygen is a promising technique for the adjunctive therapy of chronic wounds including DFUs, but few controlled studies exist to support its clinical adoption. The aim of this study was to compare a portable topical oxygen delivery system in patients with non-healing DFUs to standard best practice...
October 12, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Husam Abdel-Qadir, Peter C Austin, Douglas S Lee, Eitan Amir, Jack V Tu, Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, Kinwah Fung, Geoffrey M Anderson
Importance: There is increasing interest in the effect of cardiovascular disease on cancer survivors. However, there are limited contemporary population-based data on the risk of cardiovascular death after early-stage breast cancer. Objective: To describe the incidence of cardiovascular death in a contemporary population of women with early-stage breast cancer while accounting for competing risks. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study was conducted among 98 999 women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer between April 1, 1998, and March 31, 2012...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Marco Dal Molin, Aaron Brant, Amanda L Blackford, James F Griffin, Koji Shindo, Thomas Barkley, Neda Rezaee, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Michael Goggins
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies have identified obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a risk factor for increased overall cancer incidence and mortality. The potential role of OSA in the risk or progression of specific cancers is not well known. We hypothesized that pathological differences in pancreatic cancers from OSA cases compared to non-OSA cases would implicate OSA in pancreatic cancer progression. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 1031 patients who underwent surgical resection without neoadjuvant therapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) at Johns Hopkins Hospital between 2003 and 2014 and compared the TNM classification of their cancer and their overall survival by patient OSA status...
2016: PloS One
Chia-Chun Li, Tsui-Hsia Feng
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer and the sixth most common cancer among women in Taiwan. Risk factors for endometrial cancer include obesity, long-term estrogen replacement therapy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nulliparty, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and tamoxifen therapy. Most women with endometrial cancer exhibit abnormal uterine bleeding. Endometrial cancer is often diagnosed at stage I. Surgery alone is the primary treatment for stage I endometrial cancer...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Benjamin Struecker, Matthias Biebl, Mehran Dadras, Sascha Chopra, Christian Denecke, Johanna Spenke, Ann-Christin Heilmann, Marcus Bahra, Igor Maximilian Sauer, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Andreou
BACKGROUND: Obesity is generally considered to be associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality following intraabdominal cancer surgery. However, recent reports showed that overweight patients may have a lower risk for adverse postoperative outcomes and this observation has been described as the 'obesity paradox'. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the impact of obesity on outcomes after resection for gastric cancer. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent resection for gastric cancer between 2005 and 2012 were assessed...
October 1, 2016: Digestive Surgery
Madhur Nayan, Erin M Macdonald, David N Juurlink, Peter C Austin, Antonio Finelli, Girish S Kulkarni, Robert J Hamilton
Survival rates in kidney cancer have improved little over time, and diabetes may be an independent risk factor for poor survival in kidney cancer. We sought to determine whether medications with putative anti-neoplastic properties (statins, metformin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)) are associated with survival in diabetics with kidney cancer. We conducted a population-based cohort study utilizing linked healthcare databases in Ontario, Canada. Patients were aged 66 or older with newly diagnosed diabetes and a subsequent diagnosis of incident kidney cancer...
September 24, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
João Manoel Silva, Amanda Maria Ribas Rosa de Oliveira, Fernando Augusto Mendes Nogueira, Pedro M M Vianna, Cristina Prata Amendola, Maria José Carvalho Carmona, Luiz M Sá Malbouisson
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis frequently is present in surgical patients; however, different types of metabolic acidosis (hyperlactatemia, hyperchloremia, and others) may have different relationships to perioperative outcomes. We hypothesized that in postoperative surgical patients, distinctive types of metabolic acidosis would correlate differently with the outcomes of high-risk surgeries. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter observational study was performed in 3 different tertiary care hospitals...
September 16, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Wei-Jei Lee
Obesity is a pan-endemic health problem in both developed and developing countries, in both western and eastern countries. It increases risk for many common diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, stroke, asthma, osteoarthritis, cancers and depression etc.. Although the incidence of obesity in Asia is relatively low, Asian patients tend to have similar incidence of obesity related metabolic syndrome at lower BMI level comparing to Caucasians because of central obesity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Edith Pituskin, Mark Haykowsky, Margaret McNeely, John Mackey, Neil Chua, Ian Paterson
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the leading cause of premature death in Canada. In the last decade, important gains in cancer survival have been achieved by advances in adjuvant treatment. However, many oncologic treatments also result in cardiovascular "toxicity". Furthermore, cardiac risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus are known to contribute to the progression of cardiac damage and clinical cardiotoxicity. As such, for many survivors, the risk of death from cardiac disease exceeds that of recurrent cancer...
September 15, 2016: BMC Cancer
Nicholas M Mohr, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Brian M Fuller, Marcia M Ward, James C Torner
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with rural sepsis patients' bypassing rural emergency departments to seek emergency care in larger hospitals, and to measure the association between rural hospital bypass and sepsis survival. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Emergency departments of a rural Midwestern state. PATIENTS: All adults treated with severe sepsis or septic shock between 2005 and 2014, using administrative claims data...
September 8, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Z Zelenko, E J Gallagher, A Tobin-Hess, V Belardi, R Rostoker, J Blank, Y Dina, D LeRoith
Increased breast cancer risk and mortality has been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Hyperinsulinemia, a key factor in obesity, pre-diabetes and T2D, has been associated with decreased breast cancer survival. In this study, a mouse model of pre-diabetes (MKR mouse) was used to investigate the mechanisms through which endogenous hyperinsulinemia promotes mammary tumor metastases. The MKR mice developed larger primary tumors and greater number of pulmonary metastases compared with wild-type (WT) mice after injection with c-Myc/Vegf overexpressing MVT-1 cells...
August 29, 2016: Oncogene
Hongjiang Wu, Jeremy Walker, Ronald A Damhuis, David H Brewster, Sarah H Wild
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on survival of people with type 2 diabetes and pleural mesothelioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of people with type 2 diabetes diagnosed with pleural or unspecified mesothelioma between 1993 and 2014 using linked Scottish population-based diabetes and cancer datasets. Kaplan-Meier plots, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to describe the association between use of metformin and all-cause mortality following diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma...
September 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Rita Ostan, Daniela Monti, Paola Gueresi, Mauro Bussolotto, Claudio Franceschi, Giovannella Baggio
Data showing a remarkable gender difference in life expectancy and mortality, including survival to extreme age, are reviewed starting from clinical and demographic data and stressing the importance of a comprehensive historical perspective and a gene-environment/lifestyle interaction. Gender difference regarding prevalence and incidence of the most important age-related diseases, such as cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, Type 2 diabetes, disability, autoimmunity and infections, are reviewed and updated with particular attention to the role of the immune system and immunosenescence...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Klaas H J Ultee, Sanne E Hoeks, Frederico Bastos Gonçalves, Eric Boersma, Robert Jan Stolker, Hence J M Verhagen, Ellen V Rouwet
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it has become clear that aneurysmal and occlusive arterial disease represent two distinct etiologic entities, it is still unknown whether the two vascular pathologies are prognostically different. We aim to assess the long-term vital prognosis of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysmal disease (AAA) or peripheral artery disease (PAD), focusing on possible differences in survival, prognostic risk profiles and causes of death. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective surgery for isolated AAA or PAD between 2003 and 2011 were retrospectively included...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
Hellevi Ruokonen, Karita Nylund, Jussi Furuholm, Jukka H Meurman, Timo Sorsa, Karoliina Kotaniemi, Fernanda Ortiz, Anna Maria Heikkinen
OBJECTIVES: We investigated factors related to the mortality of patients with chronic kidney disease to find out whether oral disease inflammatory burden or different diagnosis of chronic kidney disease could be associated with mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 144 adults at the predialysis stage. Clinical oral and radiological examination was made during the years 2000 - 2005. The patients were then followed up until August 2015 (complete follow-up time 157 months)...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Suzanne V Arnold, Philip G Jones, Larry A Allen, David J Cohen, Timothy J Fendler, Jonathan E Holtz, Sanjeev Aggarwal, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) improves survival and quality of life for many, but not all, patients with end-stage heart failure who are ineligible for transplantation. We sought to evaluate the frequency of poor outcomes using a novel composite measure that integrates quality of life with mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within the INTERMACS (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support) national registry, poor outcome was defined as death or an average Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire <45 during the year after LVAD (persistently limiting heart failure symptoms and poor quality of life)...
August 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
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