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Pentraxin 3

Daniel Freund, Silke Brilloff, Tamer Ghazy, Stephan Kirschner, Gabor Gäbel, Irene Hinterseher, Norbert Weiss, Adrian Mahlmann
BACKGROUND: Microarray analysis has been carried out in this pilot study to compare delineated gene expression profiles in the biopsies of skeletal muscle taken from patients with chronic critical limb ischaemia (CLI) and non-ischaemic control subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Biopsy of gastrocnemius muscle was obtained from six patients with unreconstructed CLI referred for surgical major amputation. As control, biopsies of six patients undergoing elective knee arthroplasty without evidence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease were taken...
March 20, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Danka Grčević, Marina Sironi, Sonia Valentino, Livija Deban, Hrvoje Cvija, Antonio Inforzato, Nataša Kovačić, Vedran Katavić, Tomislav Kelava, Ivo Kalajzić, Alberto Mantovani, Barbara Bottazzi
Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator acting as a fluid-phase pattern recognition molecule and playing an essential role in innate immunity and matrix remodeling. Inflammatory mediators also contribute to skeletal homeostasis, operating at multiple levels in physiological and pathological conditions. This study was designed to investigate the role of PTX3 in physiological skeletal remodeling and bone healing. Micro-computed tomography (μCT) and bone histomorphometry of distal femur showed that PTX3 gene-targeted female and male mice ( ptx3-/- ) had lower trabecular bone volume than their wild-type ( ptx3+/+ ) littermates (BV/TV by μCT: 3...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Priyanka Garg, Ashok Kumar Jaryal, Garima Kachhawa, Kishore Kumar Deepak, Alka Kriplani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sequential trend of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), placental growth factor (PLGF) and pentraxin 3 (PTX 3) in pregnancies developing preeclampsia (PE) as compared to healthy pregnancy (HP) and to estimate their predictive value for development of PE later in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Nested case control design, sampling was done in 13 women with PE and 21 age matched healthy pregnant women at 11-13 weeks, 20-22 weeks and 30-32 weeks of gestation...
March 10, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Tünde Szatmári, Eszter Persa, Enikő Kis, Anett Benedek, Rita Hargitai, Géza Sáfrány, Katalin Lumniczky
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBE) imply the involvement of complex signaling mechanisms, which can be mediated by extracellular vesicles (EVs). Using an in vivo model, we investigated EV-transmitted RIBE in blood plasma and radiation effects on plasma EV miRNA profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57Bl/6 mice were total-body irradiated with 0.1 and 2Gy, bone marrow-derived EVs were isolated, and injected systemically into naïve, "bystander" animals...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
A A Silyutina, I I Gin, S S Prikhod'ko, S V Zhuk, P A Butylin, A Yu Zaritskii
We analyzed previously generated stable monocyte-derived cell line carrying mutation JAK2 V617F. Evaluation of the expression of pro- and antifibrotic factors revealed changes in the production of MMPs and their inhibitors, growth factors, galectin-3, and pentraxin 3 in cells carrying mutation JAK2 in comparison with control non-modified cells.
March 5, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Mitsuteru Yoshida, Hisashi Oishi, Tereza Martinu, David M Hwang, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Junichi Sugihara, Trevor D McKee, Xiaohui Bai, Zehong Guana, Christina Lua, Hae-Ra Cho, Stephen Juvet, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Mingyao Liu
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is a serious complication after lung transplantation and thought to represent chronic rejection. Increased expression of Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), an acute phase protein, was associated with worse outcome in lung transplant patients. To determine the role of recipient PTX3 in development of chronic rejection, we used a minor alloantigen-mismatched murine orthotopic single lung transplant model. Male C57BL/10 mice were used as donors. Male PTX3 knockout (KO) mice and their wild type (WT) littermates on 129/SvEv/C57BL6/J background were used as recipients...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Yu-Hong Shi, Kai Chen, Wen-Jing Ma, Jiong Chen
The short-chain pentraxins (PTXs), including C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P (SAP), are soluble pattern recognition molecules (PRMs) that exhibit calcium-dependent binding to bacterial surface molecules. They opsonize pathogens or other particles by phagocytic clearance. However, the detailed functions of short-chain PTXs in teleosts remained unclear. In this study, we identified a short-chain PTX gene from ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis, and tentatively named as PaCRP/SAP. Sequence analysis revealed that PaCRP/SAP has typical characteristics of fish CRP/SAP and is mostly closely related to rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) SAP...
February 23, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Hui Li, Hsun-Ming Chang, Zhendan Shi, Peter C K Leung
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays a critical role in regulating follicular development and its dysregulation has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of ovulation dysfunction. SNAIL is a well-known transcriptional repressor that mediates TGF-β1-induced cellular functions. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a key enzyme for the assembly and stabilization of the cumulus oophorus extracellular matrix, which is essential for cumulus expansion during the periovulatory stage. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the roles of TGF-β1 and SNAIL in the regulation of PTX3 expression and to examine the underlying mechanism...
February 16, 2018: Endocrinology
Natalie Suder Egnot, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Michael H Criqui, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix, Nancy S Jenny, Christina L Wassel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several biomarkers of inflammation and coagulation have been implicated in lower extremity atherosclerosis. We utilized an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to identify distinct factors derived from circulating inflammatory and coagulation biomarkers then examined the associations of these factors with measures of lower extremity subclinical atherosclerosis, including the ankle-brachial index (ABI), common and superficial femoral intima-media thickness (IMT), and atherosclerotic plaque presence, burden, and characteristics...
February 13, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Chenggong Hu, Yongfang Zhou, Chang Liu, Yan Kang
The purpose of this study was to confirm the prognostic value of pentraxin-3 (PTX3), procalcitonin (PCT) and lactate in patients with severe infections requiring ICU management and to develop and validate a model to enhance mortality prediction by combining severity scores with biomarkers. We included 141 patients with the diagnosis of sepsis/septic shock. The levels of PTX3, PCT and lactate were measured on day 0, 3, 7 of hospitalization and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores were also evaluated...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Danhuan Zhang, Minhui Xi, Lingyun Chen, Yanping Huang, Peiju Mao
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) on the regulation of proliferation and apoptosis in human glomerular mesangial cells (HMCs). Small interfering (si)RNA was designed and synthesized to inhibit the expression of endogenous PTX3, and the effects on the proliferation and apoptosis of HMCs were detected by flow cytometry and an MTT assay. Western blot analysis was used to detect the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) proteins in HMCs with PTX3 knockdown. Three siRNAs targeting PTX3 were individually transfected into HMCs for 48 h, and reverse-transcription quantitative PCR demonstrated that the relative mRNA expression of PTX3 was significantly decreased in all groups by up to 79...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yui Takahashi, Rena Watanabe, Yuki Sato, Nana Ozawa, Miho Kojima, Kaho Watanabe-Kominato, Remina Shirai, Kengo Sato, Tsutomu Hirano, Takuya Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: The novel phytohormone, osmotin, has been reported to act like mammalian adiponectin through PHO36/AdipoR1 in various in vitro and in vivo models. However, there have been no reports regarding the precise effects of osmotin on atherosclerosis. METHODS: We assessed the atheroprotective effects of osmotin on inflammatory molecules in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), human leukemic monocyte (THP-1) adhesion, inflammatory responses, and foam cell formation in THP-1-derived macrophages, and the migration, proliferation, and extracellular matrix expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs)...
February 1, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Robert M Tighe, Stavros Garantziotis
Lung disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Innate immune responses in the lung play a central role in the pathogenesis of lung disease and the maintenance of lung health, and thus it is crucial to understand factors that regulate them. Hyaluronan is ubiquitous in the lung, and its expression is increased following lung injury and in disease states. Furthermore, hyaladherins like inter-α-inhibitor, tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene 6, pentraxin 3 and versican are also induced and help form a dynamic hyaluronan matrix in injured lung...
January 31, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
A Sharma, R Khan, N Gupta, A Sharma, M S Zaheer, M Abbas, S A Khan
INTRODUCTION: Pentraxins are a group of highly conserved acute-phase reactant proteins and play crucial role as modulators of inflammatory processes. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is primarily produced and released by vascular cell wall, hence, we attempt to establish the role of PTX3 as a biomarker for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) compared to CRP. METHODS: Thirty patients having active RA as cases and 30 osteoarthritis (OA) patients as controls were recruited. Paired serum and synovial fluid samples were analysed for concentrations of both PTX3 and CRP by using high sensitivity ELISA kit and ROC curve was plotted...
February 1, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Nazan Ulgen Tekerek, Basak Nur Akyildiz, Baris Derya Ercal, Sabahattin Muhtaroglu
OBJECTIVE: To detect the most effective biomarker to confirm ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: Fifty patients with VAP suspicious diagnosis and 30 healthy patients were recruited. Suspicion of VAP was established if patients met the modified CPIS score ≥ 6 points. The confirmation of VAP was defined by the quantitative culture of nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) >105 CFU/ml of pathogenic microorganism. Serum samples for determination of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), pentraxin 3 (PTX3), surfactant protein D (SPD) were collected on suspected VAP...
February 2, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Maurice Swinkels, Justine H Zhang, Viranga Tilakaratna, Graeme Black, Rahat Perveen, Selina McHarg, Antonio Inforzato, Anthony J Day, Simon J Clark
Retinal inflammation plays a key role in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a condition that leads to loss of central vision. The deposition of the acute phase pentraxin C-reactive protein (CRP) in the macula activates the complement system, thereby contributing to dysregulated inflammation. The complement protein factor H (FH) can bind CRP and down-regulate an inflammatory response. However, it is not known whether a truncated form of FH, called factor H-like protein 1 (FHL-1), which plays a significant regulatory role in the eye, also interacts with CRP...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Malgorzata Walus-Miarka, Barbara Idzior-Walus, Aleksandra Trojak, Maria Kapusta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Malgorzata Walus-Miarka, Aleksandra Trojak, Maria Kapusta, Barbara Idzior-Walus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Eva Nagyova
Fertilization of the mammalian oocyte requires interactions between spermatozoa and expanded cumulus extracellular matrix (ECM) that surrounds the oocyte. This review focuses on key molecules that play an important role in the formation of the cumulus ECM, generated by the oocyte-cumulus complex. In particular, the specific inhibitors (AG1478, lapatinib, indomethacin and MG132) and progesterone receptor antagonist (RU486) exerting their effects through the remodeling of the ECM of the cumulus cells surrounding the oocyte have been described...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Torbjørn F Heldal, Thor Ueland, Trond Jenssen, Anders Hartmann, Anna V Reisaeter, Pål Aukrust, Annika Michelsen, Anders Åsberg
In this study, we investigate the association between selected inflammatory-related biomarkers and post-transplant hyperglycemia in kidney transplant recipients. This retrospective analysis comprises 852 patients receiving a kidney transplant at the Norwegian national transplant center between 2007 and 2012, all having a normal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before transplantation. A diagnostic OGTT was performed 10 weeks post-transplant to examine the association between inflammation-related biomarkers and two-hour plasma glucose (2HPG) by multivariable linear regression models adjusting for BMI, age, graft function, fasting insulin levels, dosage of prednisolone, and concentration of calcineurin inhibitors...
January 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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