Read by QxMD icon Read


Mariana A Kundro, Sofie R Terwel, Javier J Toibaro, Guillermo A Viloria, Marcelo H Losso
Recent findings from the START Trial provided evidence that early initiation of antiretroviral treatment should be implemented as the global standard of care. However, a large proportion of patients are still being diagnosed in late stages. Our objective was to evaluate the temporal trend in the CD4+ cell count at diagnosis during a 13 year period and the factors associated with late HIV diagnosis in asymptomatic individuals tested in the Centre for Prevention, Counselling and Diagnosis of our hospital. It was a retrospective study including all asymptomatic patients with new diagnosis of HIV infection...
2016: Medicina
Maria Malm, Kirsi Tamminen, Suvi Lappalainen, Timo Vesikari, Vesna Blazevic
We have recently shown that tubular form of rotavirus (RV) recombinant VP6 protein has an in vivo adjuvant effect on the immunogenicity of norovirus (NoV) virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine candidate. In here, we investigated in vitro effect of VP6 on antigen presenting cell (APC) activation and maturation and whether VP6 facilitates NoV VLP uptake by these APCs. Mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 and dendritic cell line JAWSII were used as model APCs. Internalization of VP6, cell surface expression of CD40, CD80, CD86, and major histocompatibility class II molecules, and cytokine and chemokine production were analyzed...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
P Pumpens, E Grens
This review article is a continuation of the paper "Hepatitis B core particles as a universal display model: a structure-function basis for development" written by Pumpens P. and Grens E., ordered by Professor Lev Kisselev and published in FEBS Letters, 1999, 442, 1-6. The past 17 years have strengthened the paper's finding that the human hepatitis B virus core protein, along with other Hepadnaviridae family member core proteins, is a mysterious, multifunctional protein. The core gene of the Hepadnaviridae genome encodes five partially collinear proteins...
July 2016: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
Ming Tan, Xi Jiang
Viral structural proteins share a common nature of homotypic interactions for self-assembling into viral capsids. This natural process has been mimicked in vitro through recombinant technology to generate various virus-like particles (VLPs) and small subviral particles that exhibit similar structural and antigenic properties of their authentic viruses. Therefore, such self-assembled, polyvalent, and highly immunogenic VLPs and small subviral particles are excellent subunit vaccines against individual viruses, such as those against the hepatitis B virus, human papilloma virus, and hepatitis E virus, which have already been in the markets...
September 20, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Nopporn Chutiwitoonchai, Lowela Siarot, Eri Takeda, Tatsuo Shioda, Motoki Ueda, Yoko Aida
HIV-1 budding requires interaction between Gag and cellular TSG101 to initiate viral particle assembly and release via the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) pathway. However, some reports show that overexpression of TSG101 inhibits virus release by disruption of Gag targeting process. Since a HIV-1 accessory protein, Vpr binds to Gag p6 domain at the position close to the binding site for TSG101, whether Vpr implicates TSG101 overexpression effect has not been investigated. Here, we found that Vpr abrogates TSG101 overexpression effect to rescue viral production...
2016: PloS One
Asha Rani, Ravi Ranjan, Halvor S McGee, Ahmed Metwally, Zahraa Hajjiri, Daniel C Brennan, Patricia W Finn, David L Perkins
Recent studies have established that the human urine contains a complex microbiome, including a virome about which little is known. Following immunosuppression in kidney transplant patients, BK polyomavirus (BKV) has been shown to induce nephropathy (BKVN), decreasing graft survival. In this study we investigated the urine virome profile of BKV+ and BKV- kidney transplant recipients. Virus-like particles were stained to confirm the presence of VLP in the urine samples. Metagenomic DNA was purified, and the virome profile was analyzed using metagenomic shotgun sequencing...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jin-Yong Noh, Jae-Keun Park, Dong-Hun Lee, Seong-Su Yuk, Jung-Hoon Kwon, Sang-Won Lee, Joong-Bok Lee, Seung-Yong Park, In-Soo Choi, Chang-Seon Song
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) and Newcastle disease (ND) are considered as the most devastating poultry infections, owing to their worldwide distribution and economical threat. Vaccines have been widely used to control these diseases in the poultry industry in endemic countries. However, vaccination policy without differentiating infected animals from vaccinated animals (DIVA) makes the virus surveillance difficult. In this study, we developed a bivalent virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine that is composed of the hemagglutinin (HA) and matrix 1 (M1) proteins of the H5N1 HPAI virus (HPAIV) and a chimeric protein containing the ectodomain of the ND virus (NDV) fusion (F) protein fused with the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of the HPAIV HA protein...
2016: PloS One
Suneth S Perera, Bin Wang, Arturo Damian, Wayne Dyer, Li Zhou, Viviane Conceicao, Nitin K Saksena
HIV p24 is an extracellular HIV antigen involved in viral replication. Falling p24 antibody responses are associated with clinical disease progression and their preservation with non-progressive disease. Stimulation of p24 antibody production by immunization to delay progression was the basis of discontinued p24 vaccine. We studied a therapy-naive HIV+ man from Sydney, Australia, infected in 1988. He received the HIV-p24-virus like particle (VLP) vaccine in 1993, and continues to show vigorous p24 antigen responses (>4% p24-specific CD4⁺ T cells), coupled with undetectable plasma viremia...
2016: Microarrays
Xuexing Zheng, Shukun Wang, Weijiao Zhang, Xingjian Liu, Yongzhu Yi, Songtao Yang, Xianzhu Xia, Yinv Li, Zhifang Zhang
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is the etiological agent behind rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD), which is lethal and contagious in rabbits. The virus does not replicate in cell culture and the only commercial inactivated vaccine available is derived from infected rabbit livers. RHDV capsid protein, VP60, is the main antigen comprising the virion. We used a baculovirus-silkworm pupae system to express VP60, which self-assembled into virus-like particles (VLPs) with a similar size and morphology to RHDV...
September 3, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Joseph Y Matsumoto, Tepanta Fossett, Minsoo Kim, Joseph R Duffy, Edythe Strand, Andrew McKeon, Kendall H Lee, Matt Stead, Melinda Burnett, Andrea C Adams, Bryan T Klassen
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation for essential arm tremor is often complicated by dysarthria and persistent voice tremor. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of stimulation location to speech outcomes following bilateral thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) for essential tremor (ET). METHODS: Eighteen patients undergoing bilateral DBS for ET were prospectively studied. Speech pathologists grouped patients by final speech outcome (normal speech, voice tremor, or dysarthria)...
August 25, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Xiong Zhang, Chunhe Hu, Kunlun Yu, Jiangbo Bai, Dehu Tian, Yi Xu, Bing Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate whether volar locking plate was superior over non-locking plate in the treatment of die-punch fractures of the distal radius. METHOD: s: A total of 57 patients with closed die-punch fractures of the distal radius were included and analyzed. Of them, 32 were treated by non-locking plate (NLP) and the remaining 25 were treated by volar locking plate (VLP). Preoperative radiographs, computer tomographs and three-dimensional reconstruction, radiographs taken at immediate postoperation and at last follow-up were extracted and evaluated...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Maria Malm, Kirsi Tamminen, Timo Vesikari, Vesna Blazevic
Norovirus (NoV)-specific antibodies, which block binding of the virus-like particles (VLPs) to the cell receptors are conformation dependent and directed towards the most exposed domain of the NoV capsid VP1 protein, the P2 domain. Limited data are available on the antibodies directed to other domains of the VP1, and even less on the NoV VP1-specific T cell epitopes. In here, BALB/c mice were immunized with six VLPs derived from NoV GII.4-1999, GII.4-2009 (New Orleans), GII.4-2012 (Sydney), GII.12, GI.1, and G1...
October 2016: Molecular Immunology
Yan-Mei Dong, Jian-Chun Cai, Hao-Tai Chen, Liang Chen
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. Previously, we found that the epitope peptide EP141-160 displayed on virus-like particles (VLP) for use as a vaccine showed high immunoreactivity and conferred partially effective protection to animals. In this study, we first combined antisense RNA with VLP as a vaccine against the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) by using a prokaryotic co-expression system. The antisense RNA against the 3D genes of FMDV was packaged into VLP with EP141-160 presented on the surface...
October 2016: Antiviral Research
Shuang Li, Yi-Fei Lv, Hou-Qiang Su, Qian-Nan Zhang, Li-Rong Wang, Zhi-Ming Hao
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been recognized as a central mediator and promising therapeutic target in hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we generated a novel virus-like particle (VLP) CTGF vaccine by inserting the 138-159 amino acid (aa) fragment of CTGF into the central c/e1 epitope of C-terminus truncated hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBc, aa 1-149) using a prokaryotic expression system. Immunization of BALB/c mice with the VLP vaccine efficiently elicited the production of anti-CTGF neutralizing antibodies...
2016: Scientific Reports
Aida Llauró, Benjamin Schwarz, Ranjit Koliyatt, Pedro J de Pablo, Trevor Douglas
Virus-like particles (VLPs) provide engineering platforms for the design and implementation of protein-based nanostructures. These capsids are comprised of protein subunits whose precise arrangement and mutual interactions determine their stability, responsiveness to destabilizing environments, and ability to undergo morphological transitions. The precise interplay between subunit contacts and the overall stability of the bulk capsid population remains poorly resolved. Approaching this relationship requires a combination of techniques capable of accessing nanoscale properties, such as the mechanics of individual capsids, and bulk biochemical procedures capable of interrogating the stability of the VLP ensemble...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Jun Sato, Motohiro Miki, Hiromi Kubota, Jun Hitomi, Hajime Tokuda, Reiko Todaka-Takai, Kazuhiko Katayama
Human noroviruses (NoVs) are a major cause of epidemic and sporadic acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Public and personal hygiene is one of the most important countermeasures for preventing spread of NoV infection. However, no a practicable cell culture system for NoV had been developed, initial tests of the virucidal effectiveness of anti-NoV disinfectants and sanitizers have been performed using surrogate viruses. In this study, NoV virus-like particles (VLPs) were used as a new surrogate for NoVs and a method for evaluating NoV inactivation using them developed...
September 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
Dong Hun Lee, Su Hwa Lee, Ah Ra Kim, Fu Shi Quan
The inner membrane complex (IMC) of Toxoplasma gondii as a peripheral membrane system has unique and critical roles in parasite replication, motility and invasion. Disruption of IMC sub-compartment protein produces a severe defect in T. gondii endodyogeny, the form of internal cell budding. In this study, we generated T. gondii virus-like particle particles (VLPs) containing proteins derived from IMC, and investigated their efficacy as a vaccine in mice. VLP vaccination induced Toxoplasma gondii-specific total IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibody responses in the sera and IgA antibody responses in the feces...
2016: PloS One
Qikang Ying, Tiejun Ma, Linfeng Cheng, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Agnieszka D Truax, Ruixue Ma, Ziyu Liu, Yingfeng Lei, Liang Zhang, Wei Ye, Fanglin Zhang, Zhikai Xu, Lei Shang, Rongrong Liu, Fang Wang, Xingan Wu
Infection of hantaan virus (HTNV) usually causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). China has the worst epidemic incidence of HFRS as well as high fatality. Inactivated whole virus has been used for HFRS vaccination, however there are still problems such as safety concerns. CD40 ligand (CD40L) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are well-known immune stimulating molecules that can enhance antigen presenting, lymphocytes activation and maturation, incorporation of CD40L and GM-CSF to the surface of virus like particles (VLPs) can greatly improve the vaccination effect...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Moushira M Mostafa, Medhat A Al-Ghobashy, Faten A Fathalla, Maissa Y Salem
A sandwich-type ELISA was optimized and validated to determine the in-vitro relative potency of the four-component prophylactic Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. The vaccine contains the non-infectious virus like particles (VLP) corresponding to HPV Types 6, 11, 16 and 18. A modification of the desorption step required to release the VLPs from the aluminum adjuvant was carried out. Samples were incubated with citrate buffer for two hours at 37 °C instead of overnight incubation at room temperature. Assay validation was then carried out according to ICH guidelines...
August 11, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Yuqi Huo, Wenhui Wang, Tong Ling, Xin Wan, Li Ding, Shuo Shen, Jinling Huo, Shanfeng Zhang, Mingchen Wang, Yumei Wang, Yubing Liu
Noroviruses (NoVs) are a leading cause of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide. The prevalence of Genogroup II, genotype 3 (GII.3) NoVs is secondary to the epidemic GII.4 strains which show broad spectrum binding activities against multiple types of histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs). In our previous study it was found that GII.3 NoV VLPs exhibited no binding activity to all synthetic and salivary HBGAs tested. To determine the compatibility of P2 domains between different genotypes and its effect over the binding specificity to HBGAs, we swapped the P2 domain of a GII...
September 15, 2016: Virus Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"