Read by QxMD icon Read

6 minutes walking test

Masaaki Miyauchi, Masao Toyoda, Noriko Kaneyama, Han Miyatake, Eitaro Tanaka, Moritsugu Kimura, Tomoya Umezono, Masafumi Fukagawa
We compared the efficacy of activity monitor (which displays exercise intensity and number of steps) versus that of pedometer in exercise therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. The study subjects were divided into the activity monitor group (n = 92) and pedometer group (n = 95). The primary goal was improvement in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The exercise target was set at 8,000 steps/day and 20 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise (≥3.5 metabolic equivalents). The activity monitor is equipped with a triple-axis accelerometer sensor capable of measuring medium-intensity walking duration, number of steps, walking distance, calorie consumption, and total calorie consumption...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
J Do Cao, A Wiedemann, T Quinaux, S F Battaglia-Hsu, L Mainard, R Froissart, C Bonnemains, S Ragot, B Leheup, P Journeau, F Feillet
: Patients under 5 years were not evaluated in the phase-3 study for enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in MPS IV A. Here we describe the evolution of a severe Morquio A pediatric patient who was diagnosed at 19 months old and treated by ERT at 21 months old for the next 30 months. Applying the standard ERT protocol on this very young patient appeared to reduce his urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs); the improvements in both the 6 minute-walk test (6MWT) and the stair climb test, however, were no different than those reported in the nature history study...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Jose F Condado, Vasilis Babaliaros, Travis S Henry, Brian Kaebnick, Dennis Kim, Gerald W Staton
BACKGROUND: The best treatment of patients with external pulmonary vascular compression due to advanced sarcoidosis is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To report a single-center experience of percutaneous treatment for pulmonary vascular stenosis caused by external compression due to advanced sarcoidosis. METHODS: We report a case series of 5 patients with biopsy confirmed advanced sarcoidosis, seen at our academic institution with worsening dyspnea despite increase of immunosuppressive therapy...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Yuki Imaizumi, Kazuo Eguchi, Toshiki Kaihara, Kumiko Urano, Rieko Shinagawa, Minoru Araki, Koji Inoue, Koichiro Hokao, Yuka Tsujita, Takuya Furusawa, Ryuichiro Kaku, Kazuomi Kario
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sarcopenia, an age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, is associated with arterial stiffness in patients with diabetes (DM). DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 65 hypertensives in the Real BP study, an observational study of home BP telemonitoring system. As parameters of sarcopenia, we used locomotive syndrome scale, circumference of the wrist, lower leg, and thigh (10 cm above the patella), grip strength, and 6 minute-walk test...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Johannes Petersen, Eik Vettorazzi, Lena Winter, Wolfram Schmied, Ingrid Kindermann, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
OBJECTIVE: Physical and mental recovery are important factors to consider in the treatment of aortic valve disease, and the process of recovery is not well known. We investigated the course of physical and mental recovery directly after conventional aortic valve surgery. METHODS: In a longitudinal study, 60 patients undergoing elective aortic valve surgery were studied preoperatively and at intervals of 4 weeks after aortic valve surgery. The last measurement was taken 6 months postoperatively...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Junfei Feng, Xuehui Wang, Xing Li, Dejun Zhao, Jinquan Xu
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been suggested to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China. However, current evidence is insufficient to draw a firm conclusion regarding the effectiveness of acupuncture in COPD. Therefore, this multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture for treating patients with COPD. METHODS: This is a two-arm, parallel group, multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled trial with concealed allocation, and participants, assessor, and analyst blinding...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kenneth N Olivier, David E Griffith, Gina Eagle, John P McGinnis Ii, Liza Micioni, Keith Liu, Charles L Daley, Kevin L Winthrop, Stephen Ruoss, Doreen J Addrizzo-Harris, Patrick A Flume, Daniel Dorgan, Matthias Salathe, Barbara A Brown-Elliott, Renu Gupta, Richard J Wallace
Rationale Lengthy multi-drug, toxic, and low efficacy regimens limit management of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (PNTM) disease. Objective This phase 2 study investigated efficacy and safety of liposomal amikacin for inhalation (LAI) in treatment-refractory PNTM (Mycobacterium avium complex [MAC] or Mycobacterium abscessus) disease. Methods During the double-blind phase, patients were randomly assigned to LAI (590 mg) or placebo once daily added to their multi-drug regimen for 84 days. Both groups could receive open-label LAI for 84 additional days...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kanan Yatsuya, Satoshi Hirano, Eiichi Saitoh, Shigeo Tanabe, Hirotaka Tanaka, Masayuki Eguchi, Masaki Katoh, Yasuhiro Shimizu, Akito Uno, Hitoshi Kagaya
OBJECTIVE: To compare the energy efficiency of Wearable Power-Assist Locomotor (WPAL) with conventional knee-ankle-foot orthoses (MSH-KAFO) such as Hip and Ankle Linked Orthosis (HALO) or Primewalk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross over case-series. SETTING: Chubu Rosai Hospital, Aichi, Japan, which is affiliated with the Japan Organization of Occupational Health and Safety. METHODS: Six patients were trained with MSH-KAFO (either HALO or Primewalk) and WPAL...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Pierce Boyne, Jeffrey Welge, Brett Kissela, Kari Dunning
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of dosing parameters and patient characteristics on the efficacy of aerobic exercise (AEX) post-stroke. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted using Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro and Academic Search Complete. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were selected that compared AEX to a non-aerobic control group among ambulatory persons with stroke. DATA EXTRACTION: Extracted outcome data included: peak oxygen consumption during exercise testing (VO2peak), walking speed and walking endurance (6-minute walk test)...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Marcelo Cardoso de Souza, Fábio Jennings, Hisa Morimoto, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a progressive muscle strengthening program using a Swiss ball for AS patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with AS were randomized into the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG). Eight exercises were performed by the IG patients with free weights on a Swiss ball two times per week for 16 weeks. The evaluations were performed by a blinded evaluator at baseline and after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks using the following instruments: the one-repetition maximum test (1 RM), BASMI, BASFI, HAQ-S, SF-36, 6-minute walk test, Time Up and Go test, BASDAI, ASDAS, ESR and CRP dosage and Likert scale...
September 17, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Jonathan P Singer, Patricia P Katz, Allison Soong, Pavan Shrestha, Debbie Huang, Jennifer Ho, Malori Mindo, John R Greenland, Steven R Hays, Jeffrey Golden, Jasleen Kukreja, Mary Ellen Kleinhenz, Rupal J Shah, Paul D Blanc
Under the U.S. Lung Allocation Score (LAS) system, older and sicker patients are prioritized for lung transplantation (LT). The impact of these changes on health-related quality of life (HRQL) after transplant has not been determined. In a single-center prospective cohort study, from 2010-2016 we assessed HRQL before and repeatedly after LT for up to 3 years using the SF12-Physical and Mental Health, the respiratory-specific Airway Questionnaire 20-Revised, and the Euroqol 5D/Visual Analog Scale utility measures by multivariate linear mixed models jointly modeled with death...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Praful Schroff, Jason Hitchcock, Christopher Schumann, J Michael Wells, Mark T Dransfield, Surya P Bhatt
Rationale Current practice guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation as an adjunct to standard pharmacologic therapy for individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits all subjects with COPD independent of baseline disease burden is not known. Objective To test whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits patients with COPD independent of baseline exercise capacity, dyspnea and lung function. Methods Data from a prospectively maintained database of participants with COPD enrolled in pulmonary rehabilitation at the University of Alabama at Birmingham from 1996 to 2013 was retrospectively analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Catherine M Wright, Paula J Duquesnay, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Virginia R Chomitz, Kenneth Chui, Christina D Economos, Elizabeth G Langevin, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is critical to preventing childhood obesity and contributes to children's overall physical and cognitive health, yet fewer than half of all children achieve the recommended 60 min per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Schools are an ideal setting to meeting PA guidelines, but competing demands and limited resources have impacted PA opportunities. The Fueling Learning through Exercise (FLEX) Study is a randomized controlled trial that will evaluate the impact of two innovative school-based PA programs on children's MVPA, cognitive function, and academic outcomes...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Nathalie Goemans, Marleen Vanden Hauwe, James Signorovitch, Elyse Swallow, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: Deficits in ambulatory function progress at heterogeneous rates among individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The resulting inherent variability in ambulatory outcomes has complicated the design of drug efficacy trials and clouded the interpretation of trial results. We developed a prediction model for 1-year change in the six minute walk distance (6MWD) among DMD patients, and compared its predictive value to that of commonly used prognostic factors (age, baseline 6MWD, and steroid use)...
2016: PloS One
Leonida Compostella, Nenad Lakusic, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Caterina Compostella, Elia Vettore, Giambattista Isabella, Giuseppe Tarantini, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
BACKGROUND: Depressed heart rate variability (HRV) is usually considered a negative long-term prognostic factor after acute myocardial infarction. Anyway, most of the supporting research was conducted before the era of immediate reperfusion by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Main aim of this study was to evaluate if HRV still retains prognostic significance in our era of immediate PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two weeks after STEMI treated by primary PCI, time-domain HRV was assessed from 24-h Holter recordings in 186 patients: markedly depressed HRV (SDNN <70ms or <50ms) was present in 16% and in 5% of cases, respectively; patients with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) <40% presented more often SDNN values in the lowest quartile...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Fábio Lera Orsatti, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Fernanda Maria Martins, Anselmo Alves de Oliveira, Rosekeila Simões Nomelini, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Cândido Murta
BACKGROUND: Menopause increases body fat and decrease muscle mass and strength which contribute to sarcopenia. The amount of appendicular muscle mass has been frequently used to diagnose sarcopenia. Different measures of appendicular muscle mass have been proposed. However, no studies compared the most salient measure (appendicular muscle mass corrected by body fat) of the appendicular muscle mass to physical function in postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of three different measures of appendicular muscle mass (absolute, corrected by stature and corrected by body fat) with physical function in postmenopausal women...
October 8, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Marianna Noale, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia (HU) is frequent in older people and associated with several medical conditions. The relationship between HU and physical performance is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between HU and physical performance over a 4.4 year follow-up in the elderly. METHODS: 1,904 community-dwelling older participants were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. HU at baseline was defined using serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations ≥ 6 and 7 mg/dl for women and men, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Terry Trinh, Christine T Shiner, Angelica G Thompson-Butel, Penelope A McNulty
PURPOSE: Post-stroke hemiparesis may manifest as asymmetric gait, poor balance, and inefficient movement patterns. We investigated improvements in lower-limb muscle activation and function during Wii-based Movement Therapy (WMT), a rehabilitation program specifically targeting upper-limb motor-function. METHODS: Electromyography (EMG) was recorded bilaterally from tibialis anterior (TA) in 20 stroke patients during a 14-day WMT program. EMG amplitude and burst duration were analyzed during stereotypical movement sequences of WMT activities...
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"