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Aptasensors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445812/portable-aptamer-biosensor-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb-using-a-personal-glucose-meter-with-triply-amplified
#1
Lu Hong, Fu Zhou, Dongmin Shi, Xiaojun Zhang, Guangfeng Wang
Sensitive and rapid detection of platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), a cancer-related protein, could help early diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of cancers. Although some methods have been developed to detect PDGF-BB, few can provide quantitative results using an affordable and portable device that is suitable for home use or field application. In this work, we report the first use of a portable kind of personal glucose meter (PGM) combining a catalytic and molecular beacon (CAMB) system with a cation exchange reaction (CX reaction) for ultrasensitive PDGF-BB assay...
April 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433858/reduced-graphene-oxide-chitosan-aptamer-interface-as-new-platform-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2
#2
Arezoo Tabasi, Abdollah Noorbakhsh, Ensiyeh Sharifi
The present work describes an ultrasensitive electrochemical aptamer-based assay for detection of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein (HER2) cancer biomarker as a model analyte. Results show that the reduced graphene oxide-chitosan (rGO-Chit) film as a suitable electrode material possesses great favorable properties including high homogeneity, good stability, large surface area and high fraction of amine groups as aptamer binding sites. Various steps of aptasensor fabrication were characterized using microscopic, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques...
April 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432344/aptamer-based-label-free-electrochemical-biosensor-array-for-the-detection-of-total-and-glycated-hemoglobin-in-human-whole-blood
#3
Shimaa Eissa, Mohammed Zourob
The increase of the level of glucose in blood leads to an increase in the fraction of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Therefore, the percentage of HbA1c in the blood can serve as a marker for the average glucose level over the past three months and thus, it can be used to diagnose diabetes. Here, we report the selection, identification and characterization of specific DNA aptamers against HbA1c- and total hemoglobin (tHb) and their integration into an electrochemical array sensing platform. High affinity and specificity aptamers were selected in vitro showing dissociation constants of 2...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431362/rna-aptamer-based-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-c-reactive-protein-detection-using-functionalized-silica-microspheres-as-immunoprobes
#4
Junchun Wang, Jinjin Guo, Junjun Zhang, Wenjuan Zhang, Yuzhong Zhang
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a widely accepted biomarker of cardiovascular disease and inflammation. In this study, a RNA aptamer-based electrochemical sandwich type aptasensor for CRP detection was described using the functionalized silica microspheres as immunoprobes. Silica microspheres (Si MSs), which have good monodispersity and uniform shape, were firstly synthesized. The silica microspheres functionlized with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) provided large surface area for immobilizing signal molecules (Zinc ions, Zn(2+)) and antibodies (Ab)...
April 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421985/design-of-a-sensitive-and-selective-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-the-determination-of-the-complementary-cdna-of-mirna-145-based-on-the-intercalation-and-electrochemical-reduction-of-doxorubicin
#5
Maryam Mohamadi, Ali Mostafavi, Masoud Torkzadeh-Mahani
<p>The aim of this research was the determination of a microRNA (miRNA) using a DNA electrochemical aptasensor. In this biosensor, the complementary complementary DNA (cDNA) of miRNA-145 (a sense RNA transcript) was the target strand and the cDNA of miRNA-145 was the probe strand. Both cDNAs can be the product of the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction of miRNA. The proposed aptasensor's function was based on the hybridization of target strands with probes immobilized on the surface of a working electrode and the subsequent intercalation of doxorubicin (DOX) molecules functioning as the electroactive indicators of any double strands that formed...
April 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415394/ultra-sensitive-detection-of-ibuprofen-ibp-by-electrochemical-aptasensor-using-the-dendrimer-quantum-dot-den-qd-bioconjugate-as-an-immobilization-platform-with-special-features
#6
Mahmoud Roushani, Faezeh Shahdost-Fard
This study describes a high-performance electrochemical aptasensor which is employed to detect Ibuprofen (IBP) as a painkiller drug by using a novel platform as an integrated sensing interface. In order to make the aptasensor, the Den-QD bioconjugate was immobilized on the surface of a GC electrode and followed the Apt was incubated on this surface. The incubation of the IBP on the aptasensor surface and the formation of the Apt/IBP complex, led to a hindered electron transfer reaction on the sensing surface, which decreased the peak current of the redox probe...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414975/fullerene-doped-polyaniline-as-new-redox-nanoprobe-and-catalyst-in-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-mpt64-antigen-in-human-serum
#7
Lijuan Bai, Yuhan Chen, Yan Bai, Yongjie Chen, Jing Zhou, Ailong Huang
Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is still a major threat to global public health. However, the existing methods for MTB detection are usually complicated and time consuming with unsatisfactory sensitivity and specificity. In this work, a relatively simple and ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor based on novel signal generation and amplification was constructed for the determination of MTB antigen MPT64. The coil-like fullerene (C60)-doped polyaniline (C60-PAn) nanohybrids with large surface area, abundant active groups and excellent electric performance were synthesized and used both as new redox nanoprobe and catalyst for the generation and amplification of electrochemical signal for the first time...
April 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411820/thrombin-aptasensor-enabled-by-pt-nanoparticles-functionalized-co-based-metal-organic-frameworks-assisted-electrochemical-signal-amplification
#8
Yang Yang, Zhehan Yang, Jiajia Lv, Ruo Yuan, Yaqin Chai
In this work, a Pt nanoparticles-functionalized Co-based metal organic frameworks (PtNPs@Co(II)MOFs@PtNPs) was synthesized and applied in electrochemical aptasensor for thrombin (TB) detection. First, the Co(II)MOFs@PtNPs were prepared via the mixed solvothermal method, which consists of inner Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) encapsulated by aminofunctionalized Co(II)MOFs materials. Following that, additional PtNPs were adsorbed on the surface of Co(II)MOFs@PtNPs, resulting in the formation of PtNPs@Co(II)MOFs@PtNPs nanocomposite...
July 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407965/highly-sensitive-fluorescence-sensing-of-zearalenone-using-a-novel-aptasensor-based-on-upconverting-nanoparticles
#9
Zhengzong Wu, Enbo Xu, Muhammad F J Chughtai, Zhengyu Jin, Joseph Irudayaraj
A facile strategy was successfully developed for the detection of zearalenone (ZEN). In this assay, highly fluorescent upconversion nanoparticles were synthesized and conjugated with the complementary oligonucleotide of ZEN aptamer for use as signal probes. Magnetic nanoparticles immobilized with the ZEN aptamer were assigned as capture probes. The results exhibited that the linear correlation between the decreased luminescence intensity of the signal and the concentration of ZEN was very strong (R(2)=0.9957) in the range of 0...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395772/an-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-multiplex-antibiotics-detection-using-y-shaped-dna-based-metal-ions-encoded-probes-with-nmof-substrate-and-csrp-target-triggered-amplification-strategy
#10
Meng Chen, Ning Gan, Tianhua Li, Ye Wang, Qing Xu, Yinji Chen
An effective electrochemical aptasensor has been developed for the detection of multiplex antibiotics using Y-shaped DNA probes. These probes-based metal ions encoded the nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOF) as a substrate, and circular strand-replacement DNA polymerization (CSRP) target triggered the amplification strategy. The Y-DNA probes (Y-DNA) were assembled using an assisted DNA probe (assisted DNA labeled with magnetic gold nanoparticles) which can hybridize to the captured DNA probe (consisting of aptamer and primer recognition region), and signal tags (NMOF encapsulating signal DNAs and different metal ions such as Pb(2+) or Cd(2+))...
May 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391854/a-simple-and-sensitive-aptasensor-for-colorimetric-detection-of-adenosine-triphosphate-based-on-unmodified-gold-nanoparticles
#11
Yu Mao, Tingting Fan, Rachel Gysbers, Yin Tan, Feng Liu, Shuo Lin, Yuyang Jiang
A simple and sensitive colorimetric aptasensor for rapid and facile detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been demonstrated here based on aptamer-based hairpin probes and unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The hairpin probe is constructed by adding another five nucleotides to the 5'-end of an anti-ATP aptamer which can hybridize to nucleotides at the 3'-end of the aptamer, forming a hairpin-shaped structure. In the absence of ATP, the hairpin probes are rigid, and the AuNPs are susceptible to salt-induced aggregation...
June 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387390/a-potentiometric-resolved-ratiometric-photoelectrochemical-aptasensor
#12
Ying Zhang, Nan Hao, Zhou Zhou, Rong Hua, Jing Qian, Qian Liu, Henan Li, Kun Wang
A novel ratiometric photoelectrochemical aptasensor based on the potentiometric resolved photocurrents generated from different PEC active materials was designed for the first time.
April 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368062/graphene-quantum-dot-based-switch-on-nanosensors-for-intracellular-cytokine-monitoring
#13
Guozhen Liu, Kai Zhang, Ke Ma, Andrew Care, Mark R Hutchinson, Ewa M Goldys
The detection of cytokines in body fluids, cells, tissues and organisms continues to attract considerable attention due to the importance of these key cell signalling molecules in biology and medicine. We report a graphene quantum dot (GQD) based aptasensor able to specifically detect ultra-small amounts of cytokine molecules intracellularly. Graphene quantum dots modified with cytokine aptamers (Ap-GQDs) and epitope modified GQDs (Ep-GQDs) were prepared; both are normally fluorescent at sufficient dilution...
April 3, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363022/molecular-dynamics-simulation-of-a-rna-aptasensor
#14
Min Ruan, Mahamadou Seydou, Vincent Noel, Benoit Piro, François Maurel, Florent Barbault
Single-stranded RNA aptamers have emerged as novel biosensor tools. However, the immobilization procedure of the aptamer onto a surface generally induces a loss of affinity. To understand this molecular process, we conducted a complete simulation study for the Flavin mononucleotide aptamer for which experimental data are available. Several molecular dynamics simulations (MD) of the Flavin in complex with its RNA aptamer were conducted in solution, linked with six thymidines (T6) and, finally, immobilized on an hexanol-thiol-functionalized gold surface...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347966/a-novel-aptasensor-for-lysozyme-based-on-electrogenerated-chemiluminescence-resonance-energy-transfer-between-luminol-and-silicon-quantum-dots
#15
Yong-Ping Dong, Jiao Wang, Ying Peng, Jun-Jie Zhu
In the present work, electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of luminol was investigated in neutral condition at a gold electrode in the presence of silicon quantum dots (SiQDs). The results revealed that SiQDs can not only greatly enhance luminol ECL, but also act as energy acceptor to construct a novel ECL resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) system with luminol. As a result, strong anodic ECL signal was obtained in neutral condition at the bare gold electrode, which is suitable for biosensing application...
March 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342376/label-free-silicon-nanodots-featured-ratiometric-fluorescent-aptasensor-for-lysosomal-imaging-and-ph-measurement
#16
Yanan Zhang, Shan Guo, Shibo Cheng, Xinghu Ji, Zhike He
The homeostasis of lysosomal pH is crucial in cell physiology. Developing small fluorescent nanosensors for lysosome imaging and ratiometric measurement of pH is highly demanded yet challenging. Herein, a pH-sensitive fluorescein tagged aptamer AS1411 has been utilized to covalently modify the label-free fluorescent silicon nanodots via a crosslinker for construction of a ratiometric pH biosensor. The established aptasensor exhibits the advantages of ultrasmall size, hypotoxicity, excellent pH reversibility and good photostability, which favors its application in an intracellular environment...
March 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340759/a-label-free-and-universal-platform-for-antibiotics-detection-based-on-microchip-electrophoresis-using-aptamer-probes
#17
Lingying Zhou, Ning Gan, You Zhou, Tianhua Li, Yuting Cao, Yinji Chen
A novel label-free, universal, and high throughput aptasensor was developed based on a microchip electrophoresis (MCE) platform for automatic detection of antibiotic residues in food. Firstly, chloramphenicol (CAP) was employed as a model to be captured by its aptamer probe (Apt). Then, the partial complementary oligonucleotide of CAP's aptamer (C-DNA) was introduced into the reaction system. Because the Apt-CAP complex can't further hybrid with free C-DNA, the amount of hybrid Apt-C-DNA double strand DNA (dsDNA) was less than that without adding the target...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340728/ferrocene-graphene-sheets-for-high-efficiency-quenching-of-electrochemiluminescence-from-au-nanoparticles-functionalized-cadmium-sulfide-flower-like-three-dimensional-assemblies-and-sensitive-detection-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#18
Jiu-Jun Yang, Jun-Tao Cao, Hui Wang, Yan-Ming Liu, Shu-Wei Ren
A signal-switchable electrochemiluminescence (ECL) aptasensor was presented for sensitive prostate specific antigen (PSA) assay using ferrocene-graphene sheets (Fc-GNs) for high-efficiency quenching of ECL from Au nanoparticles functionalized cadmium sulfide flower-like three dimensional (3D) assemblies (Au-CdS flower-like 3D assemblies). Au-CdS flower-like 3D assemblies were synthesized and employed as luminophore, exhibiting strong and stable ECL intensity, and followed by assembling captured DNA (cDNA) and hybridizing it with half of base sequence of PSA aptamer on the Au-CdS flower-like 3D assemblies modified electrode...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319905/a-new-amplified-%C3%AF-shape-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-aflatoxin-b1
#19
Khalil Abnous, Noor Mohammad Danesh, Mona Alibolandi, Mohammad Ramezani, Ahmad Sarreshtehdar Emrani, Reza Zolfaghari, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
There is a prompt need for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in food products to avoid distribution and consumption of contaminated food products. In this study, an accurate electrochemical sensing strategy was presented for detection of AFB1 based on aptamer (Apt)-complementary strands of aptamer (CSs) complex which forms a π-shape structure on the surface of electrode and exonuclease I (Exo I). The presence of π-shape structure as a double-layer physical barrier allowed detection of AFB1 with high sensitivity...
March 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319903/fe-iii-based-metal-organic-framework-derived-core-shell-nanostructure-sensitive-electrochemical-platform-for-high-trace-determination-of-heavy-metal-ions
#20
Zhihong Zhang, Hongfei Ji, Yingpan Song, Shuai Zhang, Minghua Wang, Changchang Jia, Jia-Yue Tian, Linghao He, Xiaojing Zhang, Chun-Sen Liu
A new core-shell nanostructured composite composed of Fe(III)-based metal-organic framework (Fe-MOF) and mesoporous Fe3O4@C nanocapsules (denoted as Fe-MOF@mFe3O4@mC) was synthesized and developed as a platform for determining trace heavy metal ions in aqueous solution. Herein, the mFe3O4@mC nanocapsules were prepared by calcining the hollow Fe3O4@C that was obtained using the SiO2 nanoparticles as the template, followed by composing the Fe-MOF. The Fe-MOF@mFe3O4@mC nanocomposite demonstrated excellent electrochemical activity, water stability and high specific surface area, consequently resulting in the strong biobinding with heavy-metal-ion-targeted aptamer strands...
March 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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