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Aptasensors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732346/multiplexed-aptasensor-for-simultaneous-detection-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-and-mucin-1-based-on-metal-ion-electrochemical-labels-and-ru-nh3-6-3-electronic-wires
#1
Chao Ma, Haiyun Liu, Lina Zhang, Hao Li, Mei Yan, Xianrang Song, Jinghua Yu
In this paper, a dual-target electrochemical aptasensor has been developed for simultaneous detection of carcinoembryonic antigen and mucin-1 based on metal ion electrochemical labels and Ru(NH3)6(3+) electronic wires. When targets are present, the interaction between targets and their respective aptamers leads to the dissociation of double-strand DNA because the targets have higher affinity to its aptamer than the complementary strand. And the qualitative and quantitative analyses of the two targets are realized by the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks generated by metal ion electrochemical labels...
July 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728901/using-au-nano-c60-nanocomposite-as-an-enhanced-sensing-platform-in-modeling-a-tnt-aptasensor
#2
Faezeh Shahdost-Fard, Mahmoud Roushani, Azadeh Azadbakht
Based on the unique characteristics of the combination of fullerene and gold nanoparticles, we successfully designed a new and facile nanocomposite (Au@nano-C60) to fabricate an aptasensor for the ultra-sensitive and selective detection of TNT. The gold nanoparticles decorated fullerene onto a glassy carbon electrode was prepared using an electrochemical method by the in situ generation of Au nanoparticles onto the surface of the glassy carbon electrode modified with activated fullerene. Successively, the NH2-Apt as a receptor molecule of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluen was covalently attached onto the modified electrode surface with the resultant nanocomposite...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728900/ultra-sensitive-aptasensor-based-on-a-gqd-nanocomposite-for-detection-of-hepatitis-c-virus-core-antigen
#3
Kazhal Ghanbari, Mahmoud Roushani, Azadeh Azadbakht
In the present study, by using the aptamer proximity binding assay strategy, a novel electrochemical aptasensor is described for ultrasensitive detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen. The immobilization surface is prepared by the modification of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with a graphene quantum dots (GQD). GQD were introduced as a novel and suitable substrate for aptamers through π-π stacking interactions, the richness of hydrophilic edges as well as hydrophobic plane in GQD which enhances the aptamer absorption on the electrode surface...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728009/bridged-rebar-graphene-functionalized-aptasensor-for-pathogenic-e-coli-o78-k80-h11-detection
#4
Harmanjit Kaur, Munish Shorie, Manju Sharma, Ashok K Ganguli, Priyanka Sabherwal
We report a novel fabrication method of functionalised Bridged Rebar Graphene (BRG) onto newly designed nanostructured aptasensor for label free impedimetric sensing of pathogenic bacteria E. coli O78:K80:H11. The chemical facilitated unscrolling of MWCNT and subsequent bridging with terephthalaldehyde (TPA) to form 3D-hierarchical BRG nanoconstruct exhibited synergistic effect by combining enhanced electrical properties and facile chemical functionality for stable bio-interface. The bacteria-DNA interactions were captured on BRG nanostructured electrode by using specific anti-E...
July 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723181/mixed-self-assembled-aptamer-and-newly-designed-zwitterionic-peptide-as-antifouling-biosensing-interface-for-electrochemical-detection-of-alpha-fetoprotein
#5
Min Cui, Yu Wang, Mingxia Jiao, Silambarasan Jayachandran, Yumin Wu, Xiaojian Fan, Xiliang Luo
A sensitive and low-fouling aptasensor for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was developed based on mixed self-assembled aptamers and newly designed zwitterionic peptides, where densely immobilized peptides formed an antifouling layer to resist nonspecific protein adsorption, and sparsely attached aptamers acted as the recognizing layer to achieve target binding. The obtained biosensing interface responded to the target AFP with a strikingly selective and sensitive manner, exhibited excellent protein-resistant performance even in complex human serum solution, and showed promising feasibility for the quantitative analysis of AFP in real human serum samples...
April 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723140/rapid-and-label-free-detection-of-interferon-gamma-via-an-electrochemical-aptasensor-comprising-a-ternary-surface-monolayer-on-a-gold-interdigitated-electrode-array
#6
Shaowei Ding, Curtis Mosher, Xian Y Lee, Suprem R Das, Allison A Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S McLamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M Hostetter, Jonathan C Claussen
A label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) aptasensor for rapid detection (<35 min) of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was fabricated by immobilizing a RNA aptamer capture probe (ACP), selective to IFN-γ, on a gold interdigitated electrode array (Au IDE). The ACP was modified with a thiol group at the 5' terminal end and subsequently co-immobilized with 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) and 6-mercapto-1-hexanolphosphate (MCH) to the gold surface through thiol-gold interactions. This ACP/HDT-MCH ternary surface monolayer facilitates efficient hybridization with IFN-γ and displays high resistance to nonspecific adsorption of nontarget proteins [i...
February 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723117/versatile-barometer-biosensor-based-on-au-pt-core-shell-nanoparticle-probe
#7
Qiangqiang Fu, Ze Wu, Dan Du, Chengzhou Zhu, Yuehe Lin, Yong Tang
There is a high global demand for sensitive, portable, user-friendly, and cost-effective biosensors. In this work, we introduce a barometer-based biosensor for the detection of a broad range of targets. The device is operated by measuring the pressure change produced by oxygen (O2) generation in a limited chamber using a portable barometer. The design employs core-shell Au@Pt nanoparticles (Au@PtNPs) as the bioassay probe to catalyze the decomposition of H2O2 and the release of O2. As a proof of concept, we developed barometer-based immunosensors to detect carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and ractopamine (Rac)...
June 23, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718456/graphene-oxide-and-dna-aptamer-based-sub-nanomolar-potassium-detecting-optical-nanosensor
#8
Debopam Datta, Ketaki Sarkar, Souvik Mukherjee, Xenia Meshik, Michael A Stroscio, Mitra Dutta
Quantum-dot (QD) based nanosensors are frequently used by researchers to detect small molecules, ions and different biomolecules. In this article, we present a sensor complex/system comprised of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) aptamer, gold nanoparticle and semiconductor QD, attached to a graphene oxide (GO) flake for detection of potassium. As reported herein, it is demonstrated that QD-aptamer-quencher nanosensor functions even when tethered to GO, opening the way to future applications where sensing can be accomplished simultaneously with other previously demonstrated applications of GO such as serving as a nanocarrier for drug delivery...
August 11, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717833/an-interdigital-array-microelectrode-aptasensor-based-on-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-for-detection-of-tetracycline
#9
Wenjie Hou, Zhaoqiang Shi, Yemin Guo, Xia Sun, Xiangyou Wang
In this study an impedance aptasensor was designed for sensitive, selective, and fast detection of tetracycline (TET) based on an interdigital array microelectrode (IDAM). The IDAM was integrated with impedance detection to miniaturize the conventional electrodes, enhance the sensitivity, shorten the detection time, and minimize interfering effects of non-target analytes in the solution. Due to their excellent conductivity, good biocompatibility, the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used to modify the IDAM to immobilize TET aptamer effectively...
July 17, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715665/electrochemical-aptasensors-for-contaminants-detection-in-food-and-environment-recent-advances
#10
REVIEW
R Rapini, G Marrazza
The growing number of contaminants requires the development of new analytical tools to meet the increasing demand for legislative actions on food safety and environmental pollution control. In this context, electrochemical aptamer-based sensors appear promising among all biosensors because they permit multiplexed analysis and provide fast response, sensitivity, specificity and low cost. The aim of this review is to give the readers an overview of recent important achievements in the development of electrochemical aptamer-based biosensors for contaminant detection over the last two years...
July 12, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709088/integrated-amplified-aptasensor-with-in-situ-precise-preparation-of-copper-nanoclusters-for-ultrasensitive-electrochemical-detection-of-microrna-21
#11
Yijia Wang, Xinying Zhang, Lang Zhao, Ting Bao, Wei Wen, Xiuhua Zhang, Shengfu Wang
MicroRNA 21 (MIR21) has garnered much attention in recent years as an important disease biomarker. The detection of it in human system shows great significance for the healthy evaluation and major diseases early detection. Herein, a novel approach tactfully manipulates the in-situ precise preparation of copper nanoclusters on overlapping Y-shaped ds-DNA for MIR21 analysis were developed in the proposed integrated aptasensor. In the presence of target MIR21, overlapping Y-shaped ds-DNA was constructed on electrode...
July 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702989/mos2-quantum-dots-as-new-electrochemiluminescence-emitters-for-ultrasensitive-bioanalysis-of-lipopolysaccharide
#12
Min Zhao, Anyi Chen, Dan Huang, Yaqin Chai, Ying Zhuo, Ruo Yuan
Cd-based semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) with size-tunable luminescence and high quantum yield have become the most promising electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emitters. However, their unavoidable biotoxicity limited their applications in bioassays. Here, the nontoxic and economical MoS2 QDs prepared by chemical exfoliation from the bulk MoS2 were first investigated as new ECL emitters, and then the possible luminescence mechanism of MoS2 QDs was studied using ECL-potential curves and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods in detail...
July 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701748/gold-nanoparticles-dotted-reduction-graphene-oxide-nanocomposite-based-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-selective-rapid-sensitive-and-congener-specific-pcb77-detection
#13
Lidong Wu, Xianbo Lu, Xiaochen Fu, Lingxia Wu, Huan Liu
Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) dotted reduction graphene oxide (RGO-AuNP) is used as a platform for an aptamer biosensor to selectively detect 3,3'4,4'-polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB77). By anchoring aptamers onto the binding sites of RGO-AuNP and making use of the synergy effect of RGO and AuNP, the RGO-AuNP based biosensor exhibits superior analytical performances to AuNP based biosensor in terms of sensitivity and repeatability. The sensitivity of RGO-AuNP based aptamers (RGO-AuNP-Ap) biosensor (226.8 μA cm(-2)) is nearly two times higher than that of Au based biosensors (AuNP-Ap/Au electrode, 147...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696331/molecular-beacon-anchored-onto-a-graphene-oxide-substrate
#14
Arash Darbandi, Debopam Datta, Krunal Patel, Gary Lin, Michael A Stroscio, Mitra Dutta
In this article, we report a graphene oxide-based nanosensor incorporating semiconductor quantum dots linked to DNA-aptamers that functions as a 'turn-off' fluorescent nanosensor for detection of low concentrations of analytes. A specific demonstration of this turn-off aptasensor is presented for the case of the detection of mercury (II) ions. In this system, ensembles of aptamer-based quantum-dot (QD) sensors are anchored on graphene oxide (GO) flakes which provide a platform for analyte detection in the vicinity of GO operating in the "turn-off" mode...
July 11, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672192/ultrasensitive-detection-of-ochratoxin-a-using-aptasensors
#15
REVIEW
Hasan Badie Bostan, Noor Mohammad Danesh, Gholamreza Karimi, Mohammad Ramezani, Seyed Ali Mousavi Shaegh, Kazem Youssefi, Fahimeh Charbgoo, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
Regarding teratogenic, carcinogenic, and immunotoxic nature of ochratoxin A (OTA), selective and sensitive monitoring of this molecule in food samples is of great importance. In recent years, various methods have been introduced for detection of OTA. However, they are usually time-consuming, labor-intensive and expensive. Therefore, these parameters limited their usage. The emerging method of detection, aptasensor, has attracted more attention for OTA detection, due to distinctive advantages including high sensitivity, selectivity and simplicity...
June 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667837/a-high-sensitive-visible-light-driven-photoelectrochemical-aptasensor-for-shrimp-allergen-tropomyosin-detection-using-graphitic-carbon-nitride-tio2-nanocomposite
#16
Mahmoud Amouzadeh Tabrizi, Mojtaba Shamsipur, Reza Saber, Saeed Sarkar, Vahid Ebrahimi
Herein, for the first time a visible-light-driven photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor for shrimp tropomyosin determination was fabricated by using graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) as photoactive nanomaterials, ascorbic acid (AA) as electron donor and ruthenium (III) hexaammine (Ru(NH3)6(3+)) as signal enhancer. The surface of an ITO electrode was first modified with g-C3N4, TiO2, and polyethyleneimine (PEI) and then the amine terminal aptamerTROP probe was attached to PEI by the use of glutaraldehyde (GA) as cross-linker...
June 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654887/glucose-oxidase-initiated-cascade-catalysis-for-sensitive-impedimetric-aptasensor-based-on-metal-organic-frameworks-functionalized-with-pt-nanoparticles-and-hemin-g-quadruplex-as-mimicking-peroxidases
#17
Xingxing Zhou, Shijing Guo, Jiaxi Gao, Jianmin Zhao, Shuyan Xue, Wenju Xu
Based on cascade catalysis amplification driven by glucose oxidase (GOx), a sensitive electrochemical impedimetric aptasensor for protein (carcinoembryonic antigen, CEA as tested model) was proposed by using Cu-based metal-organic frameworks functionalized with Pt nanoparticles, aptamer, hemin and GOx (Pt@CuMOFs-hGq-GOx). CEA aptamer loaded onto Pt@CuMOFs was bound with hemin to form hemin@G-quadruplex (hGq) with mimicking peroxidase activity. Through sandwich-type reaction of target CEA and CEA aptamers (Apt1 and Apt2), the obtained Pt@CuMOFs-hGq-GOx as signal transduction probes (STPs) was captured to the modified electrode interface...
June 20, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654744/mimicking-an-enzyme-based-colorimetric-aptasensor-for-antibiotic-residue-detection-in-milk-combining-magnetic-loop-dna-probes-and-cha-assisted-target-recycling-amplification
#18
Qian Luan, Ning Gan, Yuting Cao, Tianhua Li
A mimicking-enzyme-based colorimetric aptasensor was developed for the detection of kanamycin (KANA) in milk using magnetic loop-DNA-NMOF-Pt (m-L-DNA) probes and catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA)-assisted target recycling for signal amplification. The m-L-DNA probes were constructed via hybridization of hairpin DNA H1 (containing aptamer sequence) immobilized magnetic beads (m-H1) and signal DNA (sDNA, partial hybridization with H1) labeled nano Fe-MIL-88NH2-Pt (NMOF-Pt-sDNA). In the presence of KANA and complementary hairpin DNA H2, the m-L-DNA probes decomposed and formed an m-H1/KANA intermediate, which triggered the CHA reaction to form a stable duplex strand (m-H1-H2) while releasing KANA again for recycling...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650005/sub-picomolar-label-free-detection-of-thrombin-using-electrochemical-impedance-spectroscopy-of-aptamer-functionalized-mos2
#19
Kai-Chun Lin, Badrinath Jagannath, Sriram Muthukumar, Shalini Prasad
An ultrasensitive aptasensor for the label free non-faradaic detection of thrombin has been demonstrated on molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) nanosheets. These nanosheets were physiochemically immobilized onto a silicon micro-electrode platform. Thrombin detection was achieved through the charge modulation of the electrical double layer due to the specific and dose dependent binding of thrombin to the surface of thiol terminated ssDNA aptamer functionalized MoS2 nanosheets. Electrical double layer charge modulation associated with thrombin binding was characterized using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
June 26, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649024/microfluidic-platform-integrated-with-graphene-gold-nano-composite-aptasensor-for-one-step-detection-of-norovirus
#20
Rohit Chand, Suresh Neethirajan
Noroviruses are a foremost cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks throughout the world. On-site sample processing and detection of the viral clinical samples has always been a problem. This study reports an all-polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic chip integrated with screen-printed carbon electrode for the electrochemical detection of norovirus. The microfluidic chip contained packed silica microbeads zones to filter and enrich the norovirus infected clinical sample. Selective detection of norovirus was accomplished by functionalizing the graphene-gold nanoparticles composite modified carbon electrode with the viral capsid-specific aptamer...
June 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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