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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635592/type-specific-l1-virus-like-particle-mediated-protection-of-horses-from-experimental-bovine-papillomavirus-1-induced-pseudo-sarcoid-formation-is-long-lasting
#1
Julia Harnacker, Edmund K Hainisch, Saeed Shafti-Keramat, Reinhard Kirnbauer, Sabine Brandt
Equine sarcoids are common therapy-resistant skin tumours induced by bovine papillomavirus type 1 or 2 (BPV1, BPV2) infection. We have previously shown that prophylactic vaccination with BPV1 L1 virus-like particles (VLPs) efficiently protects horses from experimental BPV1-induced pseudo-sarcoid development. Here, we assessed BPV1 L1 VLP vaccine-mediated long-term protection from experimental tumour formation in seven horses 5 years after immunization with three different doses of BPV1 L1 VLPs, and three unvaccinated control animals...
June 21, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631927/stabilization-of-a-virus-like-particle-and-its-application-as-a-nanoreactor-at-physiological-conditions
#2
Lise Schoonen, Sjors Maassen, Roeland J M Nolte, Jan C M van Hest
Virus-like particles are very interesting tools for application in bio-nanotechnology, due to their monodisperse features and biocompatibility. In particular, the cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) capsid has been studied extensively as it can be assembled and disassembled reversibly, facilitating cargo encapsulation. CCMV is, however, only stable at physiological conditions when its endogenous nucleic acid cargo is present. To gain more flexibility in the type of cargo encapsulated and to broaden the window of operation, it is interesting to improve the stability of the empty virus-like particles...
June 20, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631756/giant-capsids-from-lattice-self-assembly-of-cyclodextrin-complexes
#3
Shenyu Yang, Yun Yan, Jianbin Huang, Andrei V Petukhov, Loes M J Kroon-Batenburg, Markus Drechsler, Chengcheng Zhou, Mei Tu, Steve Granick, Lingxiang Jiang
Proteins can readily assemble into rigid, crystalline and functional structures such as viral capsids and bacterial compartments. Despite ongoing advances, it is still a fundamental challenge to design and synthesize protein-mimetic molecules to form crystalline structures. Here we report the lattice self-assembly of cyclodextrin complexes into a variety of capsid-like structures such as lamellae, helical tubes and hollow rhombic dodecahedra. The dodecahedral morphology has not hitherto been observed in self-assembly systems...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630474/nanoassembly-routes-stimulate-conflicting-antibody-quantity-and-quality-for-transmission-blocking-malaria-vaccines
#4
Darren B Leneghan, Kazutoyo Miura, Iona J Taylor, Yuanyuan Li, Jing Jin, Karl D Brune, Martin F Bachmann, Mark Howarth, Carole A Long, Sumi Biswas
Vaccine development efforts have recently focused on enabling strong immune responses to poorly immunogenic antigens, via display on multimerisation scaffolds or virus like particles (VLPs). Typically such studies demonstrate improved antibody titer comparing monomeric and nano-arrayed antigen. There are many such studies and scaffold technologies, but minimal side-by-side evaluation of platforms for both the amount and efficacy of antibodies induced. Here we present direct comparison of three leading platforms displaying the promising malaria transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV) target Pfs25...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630093/dendritic-cell-sensing-of-hydrophobic-di-and-triacylated-lipopeptides-self-assembled-within-synthetic-virus-like-particles
#5
Rajni Sharma, Arin Ghasparian, John A Robinson, Kenneth C McCullough
Dendritic cells (DCs) play critical roles in developing immune defenses. One important aspect is interaction with pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs)/danger-associated molecular patterns, including di- and triacylated lipopeptides. Isolated or synthetic lipopeptides are potent vaccine adjuvants, interacting with cell surface TLR2 heterodimers. In contrast, deep embedment within bacteria cell walls would impair lipopeptide interaction with cell surface TLR2, requiring degradation for PAMP recognition...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629588/human-papillomavirus-and-its-testing-assays-cervical-cancer-screening-and-vaccination
#6
Yusheng Zhu, Yun Wang, Julie Hirschhorn, Kerry J Welsh, Zhen Zhao, Michelle R Davis, Sarah Feldman
Human papillomavirus (HPV) was found to be the causative agent for cervical cancer in the 1980s with almost 100% of cervical cancer cases testing positive for HPV. Since then, many studies have been conducted to elucidate the molecular basis of HPV, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis of the virus, and the risk factors for HPV infection. Traditionally, the Papanicolaou test was the primary screening method for cervical cancer. Because of the discovery and evolving understanding of the role of HPV in cervical dysplasia, HPV testing has been recommended as a new method for cervical cancer screening by major professional organizations including the American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and the American Society for Clinical Pathology...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628648/the-adenovirus-major-core-protein-vii-is-dispensable-for-virion-assembly-but-is-essential-for-lytic-infection
#7
Philomena Ostapchuk, Maarit Suomalainen, Yueting Zheng, Karin Boucke, Urs F Greber, Patrick Hearing
The Adenovirus (Ad) genome within the capsid is tightly associated with a virus-encoded, histone-like core protein-protein VII. Two other Ad core proteins, V and X/μ, also are located within the virion and are loosely associated with viral DNA. Core protein VII remains associated with the Ad genome during the early phase of infection. It is not known if naked Ad DNA is packaged into the capsid, as with dsDNA bacteriophage and herpesviruses, followed by the encapsidation of viral core proteins, or if a unique packaging mechanism exists with Ad where a DNA-protein complex is simultaneously packaged into the virion...
June 19, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628133/hbv-rna-pre-genome-encodes-specific-motifs-that-mediate-interactions-with-the-viral-core-protein-that-promote-nucleocapsid-assembly
#8
Nikesh Patel, Simon J White, Rebecca F Thompson, Richard Bingham, Eva U Weiß, Daniel P Maskell, Adam Zlotnick, Eric C Dykeman, Roman Tuma, Reidun Twarock, Neil A Ranson, Peter G Stockley
Formation of the hepatitis B virus nucleocapsid is an essential step in the viral lifecycle, but its assembly is not fully understood. We report the discovery of sequence-specific interactions between the viral pre-genome and the hepatitis B core protein that play roles in defining the nucleocapsid assembly pathway. Using RNA SELEX and bioinformatics, we identified multiple regions in the pre-genomic RNA with high affinity for core protein dimers. These RNAs form stem-loops with a conserved loop motif that trigger sequence-specific assembly of virus-like particles (VLPs) at much higher fidelity and yield than in the absence of RNA...
June 19, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625680/plant-made-potyvirus-like-particles-used-for-log-increasing-antibody-sensing-capacity
#9
Ivonne González-Gamboa, Pilar Manrique, Flora Sánchez, Fernando Ponz
Deployment of the elongated flexuous virions of Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), a potyvirus, for peptide display on their external surface has been previously reported by us. Nonetheless, both in TuMV and other potyviruses some peptides hinder the ability of the virus to infect host plants. We found that a peptide derived from the human thrombin receptor (TR) inhibited TuMV infectivity. In an effort to get around this problem, TuMV virus-like particles (VLPs) were produced in plants by transient high-level expression of wild-type or recombinant coat protein (CP)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624679/neuraminidase-based-recombinant-virus-like-particles-protect-against-lethal-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-infection-in-ferrets
#10
Gale E Smith, Xiangjie Sun, Yaohui Bai, Ye V Liu, Michael J Massare, Melissa B Pearce, Jessica A Belser, Taronna R Maines, Hannah M Creager, Gregory M Glenn, David Flyer, Peter Pushko, Min Z Levine, Terrence M Tumpey
Avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses represent a growing threat for an influenza pandemic. The presence of widespread avian influenza virus infections further emphasizes the need for vaccine strategies for control of pre-pandemic H5N1 and other avian influenza subtypes. Influenza neuraminidase (NA) vaccines represent a potential strategy for improving vaccines against avian influenza H5N1 viruses. To evaluate a strategy for NA vaccination, we generated a recombinant influenza virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine comprised of the NA protein of A/Indonesia/05/2005 (H5N1) virus...
June 15, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619527/expression-of-full-length-her2-protein-in-sf9-insect-cells-and-its-presentation-on-the-surface-of-budded-virus-like-particles
#11
Lisa Nika, Jakob Wallner, Dieter Palmberger, Krisztina Koczka, Karola Vorauer-Uhl, Reingard Grabherr
Biomarkers of cancer are often glycosylated membrane receptor proteins present on the cellular surface. In order to develop new antibodies for cancer diagnostics or treatment, it is a main pre-requisite that these target proteins are available in a native conformation. However, membrane receptor proteins are notoriously difficult to produce due to their hydrophobic nature and complex architecture. Here, we used the baculovirus-insect cell expression system to produce budded virus-like particles (VLPs) as the scaffold for the presentation of complex membrane proteins...
June 12, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619170/seroprevalence-for-norovirus-genogroup-ii-iv-and-vi-in-dogs
#12
Barbara Di Martino, Federica Di Profio, Irene Melegari, Vittorio Sarchese, Ivano Massirio, Giuseppe Palermo, Giovanni Romito, Eleonora Lorusso, Gianvito Lanave, Livia Bodnar, Canio Buonavoglia, Fulvio Marsilio, Kim Y Green, Vito Martella
Molecular and serological data suggest that noroviruses (NoVs) might be transmitted between humans and domestic carnivores. In this study we screened an age-stratified collection of canine sera (n=516) by using an ELISA assay based on virus-like particles (VLPs) of human NoVs GII.4 and GIV.1 and carnivore NoVs GIV.2 and GVI.2. Antibodies against GII.4 and GIV.1 human NoVs and GIV.2 and GVI.2 NoVs from carnivores were identified in dog sera (13.0%, 67/516) suggesting their exposure to homologous and heterologous NoVs...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619138/newcastle-disease-virus-like-particles-induce-dc-maturation-through-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-and-facilitate-dc-migration-by-ccr7-ccl19-ccl21-axis
#13
Jing Qian, Xiaohong Xu, Jiaxin Ding, Renfu Yin, Yixue Sun, Cong Xue, Jianzhong Wang, Chan Ding, Shengqing Yu, Xiufan Liu, Shunlin Hu, Chunfeng Wang, Yanlong Cong, Zhuang Ding
Newcastle disease virus-like particles (NDV VLPs) are a potential candidate vaccine, as shown by eliciting specific immune response against NDV in mice and chickens. Activation of dendritic cells (DCs) is critical to initiate immune response. However, the mechanism of how NDV VLPs induce DC maturation and migration remains elusive. In this study, we found that NDV VLPs are efficient in DC activation by up-regulating surface MHC II and costimulatory molecules, and proinflammatory cytokines through the TLR4/NF-κB pathway...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618143/cedratvirus-lausannensis-digging-into-pithoviridae-diversity
#14
Claire Bertelli, Linda Mueller, Vincent Thomas, Trestan Pillonel, Nicolas Jacquier, Gilbert Greub
Amoeba-infecting viruses have raised scientists' interest due to their novel particle morphologies, their large genome size, and their genomic content challenging previously established dogma. We report here the discovery and the characterization of Cedratvirus lausannensis, a novel member of the Megavirales, with a 0.75-1 µm long amphora-shaped particle closed by two striped plugs. Among numerous host cell types tested, the virus replicates only in Acanthamoeba castellanii leading to host cell lysis within 24 hours...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617844/wolbachia-elevates-host-methyltransferase-expression-to-block-an-rna-virus-early-during-infection
#15
Tamanash Bhattacharya, Irene L G Newton, Richard W Hardy
Wolbachia pipientis is an intracellular endosymbiont known to confer host resistance against RNA viruses in insects. However, the causal mechanism underlying this antiviral defense remains poorly understood. To this end, we have established a robust arthropod model system to study the tripartite interaction involving Sindbis virus and Wolbachia strain wMel within its native host, Drosophila melanogaster. By leveraging the power of Drosophila genetics and a parallel, highly tractable D. melanogaster derived JW18 cell culture system, we determined that in addition to reducing infectious virus production, Wolbachia negatively influences Sindbis virus particle infectivity...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615210/a-conserved-leucine-zipper-motif-in-gammaherpesvirus-orf52-is-critical-for-distinct-microtubule-rearrangements
#16
Matthew S Loftus, Nancy Verville, Dean H Kedes
Productive viral infection often depends on manipulation of the cytoskeleton. Herpesviruses, including Rhesus monkey rhadinovirus (RRV) and its close homolog the oncogenic human gammaherpesvirus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8), exploit microtubule-based retrograde transport to deliver their genomes to the nucleus. Subsequently, during the lytic phase of the life cycle, the maturing viral particles undergo orchestrated translocation to specialized regions within the cytoplasm, leading to tegumentation, secondary envelopment, and then egress...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615209/in-vitro-replication-of-chelonid-herpesvirus-5-in-organotypic-skin-cultures-from-hawaiian-green-turtles-chelonia-mydas
#17
Thierry M Work, Julie Dagenais, Tina M Weatherby, George H Balazs, Mathias Ackermann
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a tumor disease of marine turtles associated with Chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) that has historically been refractory to growth in tissue culture. Here, we show for the first time de novo formation of ChHV5-positive intranuclear inclusions in cultured green turtle cells, which is indicative for active lytic replication of the virus. The minimal requirements to achieve lytic replication in cultured cells included 1) either in-vitro culturing of ChHV5-positive tumor biopsies (plugs) or organotypic cultures (rafts) consisting of ChHV5-positive turtle fibroblasts in collagen rafts seeded with turtle keratinocytes and 2) keratinocyte maturation induced by raising raft or biopsy cultures to the air-liquid interface...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614318/robust-real-time-3d-single-particle-tracking-using-a-dynamically-moving-laser-spot
#18
Shangguo Hou, Xiaoqi Lang, Kevin Welsher
Real-time three-dimensional (3D) single-particle tracking uses optical feedback to lock on to freely diffusing nanoscale fluorescent particles, permitting precise 3D localization and continuous spectroscopic interrogation. Here we describe a new method of real-time 3D single-particle tracking wherein a diffraction-limited laser spot is dynamically swept through the detection volume in three dimensions using a two-dimensional (2D) electro-optic deflector and a tunable acoustic gradient lens. This optimized method, called 3D dynamic photon localization tracking (3D-DyPLoT), enables high-speed real-time tracking of single silica-coated non-blinking quantum dots (∼30  nm diameter) with diffusive speeds exceeding 10  μm<sup>2</sup>/s at count rates as low as 10 kHz, as well as YFP-labeled virus-like particles...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612603/sortase-mediated-ligation-as-a-modular-approach-for-the-covalent-attachment-of-proteins-to-the-exterior-of-the-bacteriophage-p22-virus-like-particle
#19
Dustin P Patterson, Benjamin Schwarz, John Avera, Brian Western, Matthew Hicks, Paul Krugler, Matthew Terra, Masaki Uchida, Kimberly McCoy, Trevor Douglas
Virus-like particles are unique platforms well suited for the construction of nanomaterials with broad range applications. The research presented here describes the development of a modular approach for the covalent attachment of protein domains to the exterior of the versatile bacteriophage P22 virus-like particle (VLP) via a sortase-mediated ligation strategy. The bacteriophage P22 coat protein was genetically engineered to incorporate an LPETG amino acid sequence on the C-terminus, providing the peptide recognition sequence utilized by the sortase enzyme to catalyze peptide bond formation between the LPETG-tagged protein and a protein containing a poly-glycine sequence on the N-terminus...
June 14, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609559/strategies-to-optimize-capsid-protein-expression-and-single-stranded-dna-formation-of-adeno-associated-virus-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Alvaro Galli, Veronica Della Latta, Caterina Bologna, Daniela Pucciarelli, Filippo Cipriani, Ana Backovic, Tiziana Cervelli
AIMS: Adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) is a non-pathogenic parvovirus that is a promising tool for gene therapy. We aim to construct plasmids for optimal expression and assembly of capsid proteins, and evaluate Adenovirus (Ad) protein effect on AAV single stranded DNA (ssDNA) formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. METHODS AND RESULTS: Yeast expression plasmids have been developed in which the transcription of AAV capsid proteins (VP1,2,3) is driven by the constitutive ADH1 promoter or galactose inducible promoters...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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