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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444757/hypocobalaminaemia-as-a-cause-of-bone-marrow-failure-and-pancytopenia-in-a-cat
#1
E L Stanley, A E Eatroff
CASE REPORT: A male Domestic Short-hair cat was presented for chronic weight loss, lethargy and hyporexia. Complete haematological examination revealed non-regenerative anaemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, as well as Howell-Jolly bodies, anisocytosis, polychromasia and macrocytosis on blood smear evaluation. Histopathological evaluation of bone marrow biopsy disclosed hypocellularity consistent with bone marrow failure. Concurrent hypocobalaminaemia was identified and treated with parenteral cyanocobalamin supplementation...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439995/scleromyxoedema-in-a-dog
#2
Aurore F Laprais, Petra Bizikova, Erin W Lashnits, Alison Tucker, Keith E Linder
BACKGROUND: In humans, scleromyxoedema is a chronic progressive skin condition traditionally characterized by deposits of mucin, increased number of fibroblasts and fibrosis in the skin, and by systemic disease. Thyroid disease is typically absent. A monoclonal gammopathy is usually present, as are other comorbidities. Descriptions of scleromyxoedema in the veterinary literature are limited to a single feline case. One dog, previously reported as having papular mucinosis, exhibited features that matched the more current diagnostic criteria of scleromyxoedema...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438522/detection-of-leishmania-infantum-dna-in-conjunctival-swabs-of-cats-by-quantitative-real-time-pcr
#3
Julia Cristina Benassi, Graziella U Benvenga, Helena Lage Ferreira, Vanessa F Pereira, Lara B Keid, Rodrigo Soares, Tricia Maria Ferreira de Sousa Oliveira
Although some studies have investigated the potential role of cats as a reservoir for Leishmania, their role in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is still poorly understood. Molecular diagnostic techniques are an important tool in VL diagnosis, and PCR shows high sensitivity and specificity for Leishmania spp. detection. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is a method that permits quantitative analysis of a large number of samples, resulting in more sensitive, accurate, and reproducible measurements of specific DNA present in the sample...
April 21, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438089/feline-biliary-tree-and-gallbladder-disease
#4
Corma Ma Otte, Louis C Penning, Jan Rothuizen
Practical relevance Diseases of the biliary tree and gallbladder are more common in cats than diseases of the liver parenchyma. The parenchyma is usually affected secondarily to systemic illnesses, while the biliary system is the prime target for infectious agents (eg, bacteria and flukes) and non-infectious conditions (eg, neoplasia and cysts). Clinical approaches Cats with biliary disease are evaluated because of common feline clinical signs such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Icterus may or may not be obvious...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438088/anaplasma-ehrlichia-and-rickettsia-species-infections-in-cats
#5
Maria Grazia Pennisi, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann, Alan D Radford, Séverine Tasker, Sándor Belák, Diane D Addie, Corine Boucraut-Baralon, Herman Egberink, Tadeusz Frymus, Tim Gruffydd-Jones, Katrin Hartmann, Marian C Horzinek, Margaret J Hosie, Albert Lloret, Hans Lutz, Fulvio Marsilio, Etienne Thiry, Uwe Truyen, Karin Möstl
Anaplasma species, Ehrlichia species and Rickettsia species are vector-borne pathogens infecting a wide variety of mammals, but causing disease in very few of them. Infection in cats: Anaplasma phagocytophilum is the most important feline pathogen among these rickettsial organisms, and coinfections are possible. Little information is available on the pathogenesis of these agents in cats. Clinical signs are usually reported soon after tick infestation. They are mostly non-specific, consisting of fever, anorexia and lethargy...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438086/feline-leprosy-due-to-candidatus-mycobacterium-tarwinense
#6
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the first in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to Candidatus 'Mycobacterium tarwinense', the most common cause of feline leprosy in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with Candidatus 'M tarwinense' infection...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438085/the-feline-blood-film
#7
John W Harvey
Practical relevance: Many veterinary practices have invested in quality automated hematology instruments for use in-house. However, regardless of the specific choice of analyzer, there are important hematology findings that can only be determined by microscopic examination of stained blood films. For this reason, and also for the purpose of quality control for the analyzer, a quick blood film review should be performed alongside every automated complete blood count. Even those practices that submit their blood samples to outside diagnostic laboratories for evaluation, still require the capability to examine stained blood films in emergency situations...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435002/systemic-arterial-hypertension-secondary-to-chronic-kidney-disease-in-two-captive-born-large-felids
#8
A Leclerc, E Trehiou-Sechi, E M Greunz, C Damoiseaux, J Bouvard, V Chetboul
Systemic arterial hypertension (SHT) has been widely described in the domestic cat (Felis catus). In these feline patients, SHT is considered as the most common vascular disorder of middle-aged to older animals, and secondary SHT related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents the most common form of the disease. We describe here the first two cases of spontaneous SHT in large felids, i.e. one 18-year old, 34.4 kg, male North-Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis, case #1) and one 20-year old, 28...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434280/use-of-a-custom-made-limb-press-model-to-assess-intra-and-extracapsular-techniques-for-treating-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-cats
#9
Wolfgang Kneifel, Danilo Borak, Barbara Bockstahler, Eva Schnabl-Feichter
Objectives This study aimed to compare the under-and-over technique, a type of intracapsular treatment, and the standard fabella-tibial suture, a method for extracapsular treatment, in achieving immediate, postoperative stifle stability after cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture by using a feline, custom-made limb-press model. Methods Cadaveric feline hindlimb specimens (n = 14) were positioned in the limb press at predefined joint angles (stifle joint: 120°; hock joint: 120°), and vertical loads of 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% body weight were applied statically...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432245/two-bristol-students-win-feline-elective-prizes
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430011/demographics-of-hip-dysplasia-in-the-maine-coon-cat
#11
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Objectives The aim of this study was to study the demographics of feline hip dysplasia (FHD) in the Maine Coon cat. Methods The complete hip dysplasia registry (public and private) collected by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals through April 2015 was accessed. There were 2732 unique cats; 2708 (99.1%) were Maine Coons, and only these were studied. Variables analyzed were sex, month/season of birth and hip dysplasia score. Two groups were created: those with and without FHD. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428299/draft-genome-sequence-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-strain-k
#12
Marlene Benchimol, Luiz G P de Almeida, Ana Tereza Vasconcelos, Ivone de Andrade Rosa, Maurício Reis Bogo, Luiza Wilges Kist, Wanderley de Souza
The protist Tritrichomonas foetus (Excavata, Parabasalia) is a parasite that causes bovine and feline trichomonosis. Bovine trichomonosis is a venereal disease that leads to abortion and reproductive problems in herds. Feline trichomonosis affects domestic cats. Here, we report the genome sequence of the T. foetus K strain, isolated in Brazil.
April 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425327/a-cross-sectional-quantitative-rt-pcr-study-of-feline-coronavirus-viremia-and-replication-in-peripheral-blood-of-healthy-shelter-cats-in-southern-california
#13
Eric J Fish, Pedro Paulo Vp Diniz, Yen-Chen Juan, Frank Bossong, Ellen W Collisson, Yvonne Drechsler, Bernhard Kaltenboeck
Objectives The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of feline coronavirus (FCoV) viremia, and its replication in peripheral blood using quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) methodology in a population of 205 healthy shelter cats in Southern California, as well as to assess any possible connection to longitudinal development of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Methods The study was performed on buffy-coat samples from EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood samples of 205 healthy shelter cats. From 50 of these cats, fecal samples were also examined...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424002/enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assays-for-coproantigen-detection-of-ancylostoma-caninum-and-toxocara-canis-in-dogs-and-toxocara-cati-in-cats
#14
David A Elsemore, Jinming Geng, Jennifer Cote, Rita Hanna, Araceli Lucio-Forster, Dwight D Bowman
We report the development and field validation of 2 ELISAs for the detection of Ancylostoma caninum or Toxocara canis coproantigens in the feces of dogs with experimental and natural infections, and evidence of cross-reactivity with respective feline counterparts. A. caninum-specific coproantigens were detected in feces of experimentally infected dogs starting at 9 d post-infection (dpi), whereas eggs were not seen until 23 dpi. T. canis-specific coproantigens were detected in 3 of 5 experimentally infected dogs by 31 dpi, and 4 of the 5 animals by 38 dpi...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416379/editorial-feline-behavior-and-cognition
#15
EDITORIAL
Monique A R Udell, Kristyn R Vitale Shreve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413044/expression-profiling-feline-peripheral-blood-monocytes-identifies-a-transcriptional-signature-associated-with-type-two-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Caroline A O'Leary, Mamdouh Sedhom, Mia Reeve-Johnson, John Mallyon, Katharine M Irvine
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease of cats and is similar to type 2 diabetes (T2D) in humans, especially with respect to the role of obesity-induced insulin resistance, glucose toxicity, decreased number of pancreatic β-cells and pancreatic amyloid deposition. Cats have thus been proposed as a valuable translational model of T2D. In humans, inflammation associated with adipose tissue is believed to be central to T2D development, and peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) are important in the inflammatory cascade which leads to insulin resistance and β-cell failure...
April 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412947/report-of-the-first-clinical-case-of-intestinal-trichomoniasis-caused-by-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-a-cat-with-chronic-diarrhoea-in-brazil
#17
Aline S Hora, Samantha I Miyashiro, Fabiana C Cassiano, Paulo E Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior, Hilda F J Pena
BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats. CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a T. foetus infection in a seven-month-old, entire male domestic shorthair kitten with a six-month history of persistent large intestinal diarrhoea, faecal incontinence, prostration, apathy and weight loss. Parasites were microscopically observed and confirmed by PCR and DNA sequencing. Molecular analyses were carried out comparing the sequence obtained in this study with T...
April 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410880/the-effect-of-user-experience-and-inflation-technique-on-endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressure-using-a-feline-airway-simulator
#18
Donna M White, José I Redondo, Alastair R Mair, Fernando Martinez-Taboada
OBJECTIVE: The effect of user experience and inflation technique on endotracheal tube cuff pressure using a feline airway simulator. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental clinical study. METHODS: Participants included veterinary students at the beginning (group S1) and end (group S2) of their 2-week anaesthesia rotation and veterinary anaesthetists (group A). The feline airway simulator was designed to simulate an average size feline trachea, intubated with a 4...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404209/investigation-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-semen-testicle-and-epididymis-tissues-of-primo-infected-cats-felis-catus
#19
Weslen Fabricio Pires Teixeira, Maria Eduarda Gonçalves Tozato, Julia Cestari Pierucci, Giovana Pavão Vital, André Cayeiro Cruz, Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes, Marina Suzuki Cursino, Samea Fernandes Joaquim, Vando Edésio Soares, Helio Langoni, Kátia Denise Saraiva Bresciani, Alvimar José da Costa
This study aimed to investigate the presence of Toxoplasma gondii in semen, testicle and epididymis tissues of cats experimentally infected by this coccidium. A total of 12 male felines without a definite breed that were of reproductive age and serologically negative for T. gondii were selected and distributed to the following three experimental groups: GI, inoculated with 600 tissue cysts of the P strain of T. gondii (isolate III); GII, inoculated with 2×10(5) tachyzoites of the RH strain (isolate I); and GIII, not inoculated (control group)...
April 3, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403198/analgesic-efficacy-of-tramadol-in-cats-with-naturally-occurring-osteoarthritis
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Beatriz P Monteiro, Mary P Klinck, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Paulo V M Steagall, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Dominique Gauvin, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Eric Troncy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) compare outcome assessments in normal and osteoarthritic cats and (2) evaluate the analgesic efficacy of tramadol in feline osteoarthritis (OA), in a prospective, randomised, blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design. METHODS: Twenty cats were included after clinical examination, blood work and full body radiographs were performed. In Phase 1, outcome assessments aimed to differentiate normal (n = 5; i.e. exempt of any radiographic and clinical sign of OA) from OA (n = 15) cats...
2017: PloS One
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