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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747039/prior-beta-blockers-use-is-independently-associated-with-increased-inpatient-mortality-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Yan Zhou, Suzhen Chen, Xiang Zhu, Junhong Gui, Khalid Abusaada
BACKGROUND: Beta blockers (BBs) are recommended for patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of prior BBs use on inpatient mortality in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are unknown. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients presenting with AMI in Florida Hospital Orlando from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014. Data were collected prospectively, as part of the Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network (ACTION) Registry...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747015/nardilysin-is-a-promising-biomarker-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Po-Min Chen, Mikiko Ohno, Takaki Hiwasa, Kiyoto Nishi, Sayaka Saijo, Jiro Sakamoto, Yusuke Morita, Shintaro Matsuda, Shin Watanabe, Yasuhide Kuwabara, Koh Ono, Masao Imai, Katsumi Inoue, Tatsuya Murai, Tsukasa Inada, Masaru Tanaka, Toru Kita, Takeshi Kimura, Eiichiro Nishi
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers for detection of transient myocardial ischemia in patients with unstable angina (UA) or for very early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are not currently available. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed two sequential screenings of autoantibodies elevated shortly after the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and focused on metalloendopeptidase nardilysin (NRDC) among 19 identified candidate antigens. In a retrospective analysis among 93 ACS and 117 non-ACS patients, the serum level of NRDC was significantly increased in patients with ACS compared with that in patients with non-ACS (2073...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742197/mir-24-alleviates-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-after-myocardial-infarction-via-targeting-bim
#3
L-J Pan, X Wang, Y Ling, H Gong
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia hypoxia induces cardiomyocyte (CM) apoptosis in the process of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It was showed that pro-apoptosis factor BIM participates in regulating tumor cell apoptosis under ischemia or hypoxia condition, while its role in CM apoptosis after AMI is still unclear. It was revealed that miR-24 expression was significantly reduced in myocardial tissue after AMI. Bioinformatics analysis exhibits that miR-24 is targeted to the 3'-UTR of BIM. This study aims to investigate the role of miR-24 in mediating BIM expression and CM apoptosis...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741443/stabilizing-family-life-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#4
Ami Bylund, Eva Benzein, Anna Sandgren
Weight-loss surgery requires lifelong lifestyle modifications for the maintenance of weight loss and health effects, and can affect both the individual and family. Earlier research indicates that the quality of social relationships has positive and negative influences on wellbeing and health. There is little research on family-life after a member has undergone gastric bypass (GBP) against obesity. Thus, this study aimed to develop a classic grounded theory about families with a member treated with GBP against obesity...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738785/admission-serum-potassium-concentration-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-monica-kora-myocardial-infarction-registry
#5
Miriam Giovanna Colombo, Inge Kirchberger, Ute Amann, Margit Heier, Christian Thilo, Bernhard Kuch, Annette Peters, Christa Meisinger
BACKGROUND: Conflicting with clinical practice guidelines, recent studies demonstrated that serum potassium concentrations (SPC) of ≥4.5 mEq/l were associated with increased mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study examined the association between SPC and long-term mortality following AMI in patients recruited from a population-based registry. METHODS: Included in the study were 3347 patients with AMI aged 28-74 years consecutively hospitalized between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2008 and followed up until 31 December 2011...
July 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738677/quantitation-of-87-proteins-by-nlc-mrm-ms-in-human-plasma-workflow-for-large-scale-analysis-of-biobank-samples
#6
Melinda Rezeli, Karin Sjödin, Henrik Lindberg, Olof Gidlöf, Bertil Lindahl, Tomas Jernberg, Jonas Spaak, David Erlinge, György Marko-Varga
A multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) assay was developed for precise quantitation of 87 plasma proteins including the three isoforms of apolipoprotein E (APOE) associated with cardiovascular diseases using nanoscale liquid chromatography separation and stable isotope dilution strategy. The analytical performance of the assay was evaluated and we found an average technical variation of 4.7 % in 4 - 5 orders of magnitude dynamic range (≈ 0.2 mg/L to 4.5 g/L) from whole plasma digest. Here, we report a complete workflow, including sample processing adapted to 96-well plate format and normalization strategy for large-scale studies...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738488/-pathological-features-at-autopsy-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
H Wang, F Fang, K Chai, Y Y Li, Y Luo, D G Liu, D P Liu, J F Yang
Objective: To analyze the cardiac pathological features of elderly coronary artery disease (CAD) patients (60 years and over) and evaluate the pathological features at autopsy and risk factors of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Data from 471 elderly patients (aged from 60 to 100 years old) with CAD confirmed by autopsy hospitalized in our hospital from April 1969 to October 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into 2 groups: AMI group(n=128) with AMI as the primary cause of death and the rest served as control group(n=343)...
July 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738073/the-n-terminal-region-of-serum-amyloid-a3-protein-activates-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-up-regulates-muc2-mucin-mrna-expression-in-mouse-colonic-epithelial-cells
#8
Manami Tashiro, Ami Iwata, Marika Yamauchi, Kaori Shimizu, Ayaka Okada, Naotaka Ishiguro, Yasuo Inoshima
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is the major acute-phase protein and a precursor of amyloid A (AA) in AA amyloidosis in humans and animals. SAA isoforms have been identified in a wide variety of animals, such as SAA1, SAA2, SAA3, and SAA4 in mouse. Although the biological functions of SAA isoforms are not completely understood, recent studies have suggested that SAA3 plays a role in host defense. Expression of SAA3 is increased on the mouse colon surface in the presence of microbiota in vivo, and it increases mRNA expression of mucin 2 (MUC2) in murine colonic epithelial cells in vitro, which constitutes a protective mucus barrier in the intestinal tract...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736085/low-cardiac-output-syndrome-in-the-postoperative-period-of-cardiac-surgery-profile-differences-in-clinical-course-and-prognosis-the-esbaga-study
#9
J L Pérez Vela, J J Jiménez Rivera, M Á Alcalá Llorente, B González de Marcos, H Torrado, C García Laborda, M D Fernández Zamora, F J González Fernández, J C Martín Benítez
OBJECTIVES: An analysis is made of the clinical profile, evolution and differences in morbidity and mortality of low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery, according to the 3 diagnostic subgroups defined by the SEMICYUC Consensus 2012. DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: ICUs of Spanish hospitals with cardiac surgery. PATIENTS: A consecutive sample of 2,070 cardiac surgery patients was included, with the analysis of 137 patients with LCOS...
July 20, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735335/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-program-among-physiotherapy-undergraduate-students
#10
Liat Korn, Noa Ben-Ami, Michal Azmon, Ofira Einstein, Meir Lotan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734121/the-impact-of-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-on-cognitive-decline
#11
R Villeneuve, C Blanchard, L Rullier, N Raoux, V Bergua, J-F Dartigues, K Pérès, H Amieva
OBJECTIVES: Based on seemingly contradictory results in the existing literature, the objective of our study was to investigate whether older individuals suffering from chronic psychiatric disorders show a more rapid decline in cognitive performances than their non-psychiatric counterparts, or if the pattern of decline through older age is similar in both groups. METHOD: A total of 820 older adults were selected from the Ageing Multidisciplinary Investigation (AMI) cohort study, which studies health-related issues of people over 65 years old living in rural areas...
July 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733072/early-myocardial-edema-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-is-stable-and-not-bimodal-in-humans-evidence-from-a-large-cmr-multicenter-study
#12
Thomas Stiermaier, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel
BACKGROUND: Experimental data reported a temporal pattern of myocardial edema following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the time course of myocardial edema in a large population of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Myocardium at risk (MAR), infarct size (IS) and myocardial salvage index (MSI) were compared according to the time between infarction and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in a large multicenter STEMI cohort (n=795)...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733067/hospital-quality-variation-matters-a-time-trend-and-cross-section-analysis-of-outcomes-in-german-hospitals-from-2006-to-2014
#13
Christoph Pross, Reinhard Busse, Alexander Geissler
Awareness of care variation and associated differences in outcome quality is important for patients to recognize and leverage the benefits of hospital choice and for policy makers, providers, and suppliers to adapt initiatives to improve hospital quality of care. We examine panel data on outcome quality in German hospitals between 2006 and 2014 for cholecystectomy, pacemaker implantation, hip replacement, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stroke, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We use risk-adjusted and unadjusted outcomes based on 16 indicators...
July 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732653/sestrins-increase-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-associate-with-the-severity-of-coronary-stenosis
#14
Jing Ye, Menglong Wang, Yao Xu, Jianfang Liu, Huimin Jiang, Zhen Wang, Yingzhong Lin, Jun Wan
BACKGROUND: Sestrins (Sesns) family, which including three members Sesn1, Sesn2 and Sesn3, is known as stress-inducible proteins and participate in multiple diseases via regulating oxidative stress, inflammatory response and cell apoptosis. The present study aimed to investigate the plasma levels and the clinical significance of Sesns in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: In the case-control study, 119 CAD patients, including stable angina pectoris (SAP, n=44), unstable angina pectoris (UAP, n=41) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI, n=29) were included...
July 18, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732241/generation-of-skeletal-myogenic-progenitors-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-using-non-viral-delivery-of-minicircle-dna
#15
Jaemin Kim, Vanessa K P Oliveira, Ami Yamamoto, Rita C R Perlingeiro
Currently, the most efficient and promising approach for generating large numbers of engraftable human skeletal myogenic progenitors from pluripotent stem cells requires the conditional in vitro overexpression of PAX7 using lentiviral vectors. Because a non-integrating approach would be preferable to eliminate or minimize the risk associated with random genomic integration, here we investigate whether transient expression of PAX7 using minicircle DNA would enable the generation of functional pluripotent stem cell-derived myogenic progenitors, equivalent to those generated by lentivirus...
July 12, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731525/differences-in-stem-cell-processing-lead-to-distinct-secretomes-secretion-implications-for-differential-results-of-previous-clinical-trials-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-myocardial-infarction
#16
Bernhard Wernly, Inês Gonçalves, Attila Kiss, Vera Paar, Tobias Mösenlechner, Michael Leisch, David Santer, Lucas Motloch, Klaus Ulrich Klein, Eva Verena Tretter, Daniel Kretzschmar, Bruno Podesser, Christian Jung, Uta C Hoppe, Michael Lichtenauer
INTRODUCTION: Stem cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) seemed to be a promising therapy, however large clinical trials brought differential outcome. It has been shown that paracrine effects of secretomes of stem cells rather than cell therapy might play a fundamental role. The present study sought to compare cell processing protocols of clinical trials and investigated effects of differential cell culture conditions on chemokine secretion and functional effects. METHODS: Different secretomes were compared regarding IL-8, VEGF, MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion...
July 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731278/knockdown-of-long-non-coding-rna-meg3-protects-h9c2-cells-from-hypoxia-induced-injury-by-targeting-microrna-183
#17
Licheng Gong, Haiming Xu, Hong Chang, Yaliang Tong, Tao Zhang, Gongliang Guo
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs when blood supply to the heart is diminished (ischemia) for long time, and ischemia is primarily caused due to hypoxia. This study evaluated the effects of long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) on hypoxic rat cardiomyocyte-drived H9c2 cells. Hypoxic injury was confirmed by alterations of cell viability, migration, invasion, apoptosis and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) expression. MEG3 level in hypoxic cells and effects of its knockdown on hypoxic cells were assessed...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728428/consequence-of-dopamine-d2-receptor-blockade-on-the-hyperphagic-effect-induced-by-cannabinoid-cb1-and-cb2-receptors-in-layers
#18
M Khodadadi, M Zendehdel, A Baghbanzadeh, V Babapour
1. Endocannabinoids (ECBs) and their receptors play a regulatory function on several physiological processes such as feed intake behaviour, mainly in the brain. This study was carried out in order to investigate the effects of the dopaminergic D1 and D2 receptors on CB1/CB2 ECB receptor induced hyperphagia in 3-h feed-deprived (FD3) neonatal layer chickens. 2. A total of 8 experiments were designed to explore the interplay of these two modulatory systems on feed intake in neonatal chickens. In Experiment 1, chickens were intracerebroventricular (ICV) injected with control solution, L-DOPA (levo-dihydroxyphenylalanine as precursor of dopamine; 125 nmol), 2-AG (2-arachidonoylglycerol as CB1 receptor agonist; 2 µg) and co-adminstration of L-DOPA (125 nmol) plus 2-AG (2 µg)...
July 21, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#19
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724652/correlation-of-admission-heart-rate-with-angiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-right-coronary-artery-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-horizons-ami-the-harmonizing-outcomes-with-revascularization
#20
Ioanna Kosmidou, Thomas McAndrew, Björn Redfors, Monica Embacher, José M Dizon, Roxana Mehran, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Gary S Mintz, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: Bradycardia on presentation is frequently observed in patients with right coronary artery ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, but it is largely unknown whether it predicts poor angiographic or clinical outcomes in that patient population. We sought to determine the prognostic implications of admission heart rate (AHR) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and a right coronary artery culprit lesion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 1460 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and a right coronary artery culprit lesion enrolled in the randomized HORIZONS-AMI (Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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