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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149219/characterization-and-classification-of-lupus-patients-based-on-plasma-thermograms
#1
Nichola C Garbett, Guy N Brock, Jonathan B Chaires, Chongkham S Mekmaysy, Lynn DeLeeuw, Kathy L Sivils, John B Harley, Brad H Rovin, K B Kulasekera, Wael N Jarjour
OBJECTIVE: Plasma thermograms (thermal stability profiles of blood plasma) are being utilized as a new diagnostic approach for clinical assessment. In this study, we investigated the ability of plasma thermograms to classify systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients versus non SLE controls using a sample of 300 SLE and 300 control subjects from the Lupus Family Registry and Repository. Additionally, we evaluated the heterogeneity of thermograms along age, sex, ethnicity, concurrent health conditions and SLE diagnostic criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148001/an-arterioarterial-prosthetic-graft-as-an-alternative-option-for-haemodialysis-access-a-systematic-review
#2
Matthew J Grima, Bianca Vriens, Peter J Holt, Eric Chemla
INTRODUCTION: All arteriovenous fistula/grafts options should be exhausted before haemodialysis is carried out via central venous catheters (CVC). CVCs carry high morbidity and mortality risks and in some patients, the central veins could be exhausted. In these patients, an arterioarterial prosthetic loop (AAPL) or straight graft can be the only option for haemodialysis. A systematic review was thus carried out to look at the use of arterioarterial graft for haemodialysis, with regards to dialysis adequacy, complications, and patency rates...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146700/phenotypic-spectrum-of-children-with-nephronophthisis-and-related-ciliopathies
#3
Jens König, Birgitta Kranz, Sabine König, Karl Peter Schlingmann, Andrea Titieni, Burkhard Tönshoff, Sandra Habbig, Lars Pape, Karsten Häffner, Matthias Hansen, Anja Büscher, Martin Bald, Heiko Billing, Raphael Schild, Ulrike Walden, Tobias Hampel, Hagen Staude, Magdalena Riedl, Norbert Gretz, Martin Lablans, Carsten Bergmann, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Heymut Omran, Martin Konrad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Genetic heterogeneity and phenotypic variability are major challenges in familial nephronophthisis and related ciliopathies. To date, mutations in 20 different genes (NPHP1 to -20) have been identified causing either isolated kidney disease or complex multiorgan disorders. In this study, we provide a comprehensive and detailed characterization of 152 children with a special focus on extrarenal organ involvement and the long-term development of ESRD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We established an online-based registry (www...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146523/factors-that-contribute-to-differences-in-survival-of-black-vs-white-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#4
Helmneh M Sineshaw, Kimmie Ng, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies reported that black vs white disparities in survival among elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) were due to differences in tumor characteristics (tumor stage, grade, nodal status, and comorbidity) rather than differences in treatment. We sought to determine the sequential contribution of differences in insurance, comorbidity, tumor characteristics, and treatment receipt to the black-white survival disparity among patients with CRC in 18-64 years old...
November 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145819/recurrent-tuberculosis-in-finland-1995-2013-a-clinical-and-epidemiological-cohort-study
#5
Virve Korhonen, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Jukka Ollgren, Pieter W Smit, Petri Ruutu
BACKGROUND: We investigated the epidemiology and prevalence of potential risk factors of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence in a population-based registry cohort of 8084 TB cases between 1995 and 2013. METHODS: An episode of recurrent TB was defined as a case re-registered in the National Infectious Disease Register at least 360 days from the date of the initial registration. A regression model was used to estimate risk factors for recurrence in the national cohort...
November 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#6
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143935/a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-hard-outcomes-in-children-on-chronic-dialysis
#7
Enrico Vidal, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Fabio Paglialonga, Bruno Minale, Giovanna Leozappa, Mario Giordano, Bruno Gianoglio, Ciro Corrado, Rosa Maria Roperto, Roberto Chimenz, Francesca Mencarelli, Ilse-Maria Ratsch, Luisa Murer, Enrico Verrina
Data concerning outcomes of children on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are scarce and frequently derived from single-center experiences. We sought to compare survival and transplantation rates in a large cohort of PD and HD patients. We extracted all patients initiating dialysis under 16 years of age between 2004 and 2013 from the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Dialysis. Patients on PD were propensity-matched to those on HD based on gender, age, primary cause of ESRD, and the number of co-morbidities...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142938/epidemiological-transition-of-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-oman
#8
Faisal Al Ismaili, Issa Al Salmi, Yaqoub Al Maimani, Abdul Massiah Metry, Humood Al Marhoobi, Alan Hola, Ronald L Pisoni
Introduction: The number of persons receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) is estimated at more than 2.5 million worldwide, and is growing by 8% annually. Registries in the developing world are not up to standards compared to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS). Herein we examine the causes, progression, and magnitude of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) over 3 decades in Oman. Methods: We examined ESKD data from 1983 to 2013. Data from 1998 to 2013 were obtained through an Information Management System...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142032/minimal-disease-activity-as-a-treatment-target-in-psoriatic-arthritis-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Laure Gossec, Dennis McGonagle, Tatiana Korotaeva, Ennio Lubrano, Eugenio de Miguel, Mikkel Østergaard, Frank Behrens
As in other inflammatory rheumatic diseases, the objective of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) treatment is the achievement of a defined target. Recent recommendations propose aiming for remission or low disease activity; however, a consensual definition of remission is lacking. A state of minimal disease activity (MDA) has been established and is defined by low activity assessed by tender/swollen joint counts, tender entheseal points, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index or body surface area, patient pain and global activity visual analog scale, and functional evaluation by Health Assessment Questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141201/cardiovascular-risk-and-statin-eligibility-of-young-adults-after-an-myocardial-infarction-partners-young-mi-registry
#10
Avinainder Singh, Bradley L Collins, Ankur Gupta, Amber Fatima, Arman Qamar, David Biery, Julio Baez, Mary Cawley, Josh Klein, Jon Hainer, Jorge Plutzky, Christopher P Cannon, Khurram Nasir, Marcelo F Di Carli, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: Despite significant progress in primary prevention, the rate of MI has not declined in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate statin eligibility based on the 2013 American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for treatment of blood cholesterol and 2016 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for statin use in primary prevention in a cohort of adults who experienced a first-time myocardial infarction (MI) at a young age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139566/patient-reported-rates-of-chronic-pain-and-recurrence-after-groin-hernia-repair
#11
K-J Lundström, H Holmberg, A Montgomery, P Nordin
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of different procedures in routine surgical practice for hernia repair with respect to chronic postoperative pain and reoperation rates is not clear. METHODS: This was prospective cohort study based on a unique combination of patient-reported outcomes and national registry data. Virtually all patients with a groin hernia repair in Sweden between September 2012 and April 2015 were sent a questionnaire 1 year after surgery. Persistent pain, defined as at least 'pain present, cannot be ignored, and interferes with concentration on everyday activities' in the past week was the primary outcome...
November 15, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138205/long-term-prognosis-of-young-breast-cancer-patients-%C3%A2-40-years-who-did-not-receive-adjuvant-systemic-treatment-protocol-for-the-paradigm-initiative-cohort-study
#12
Gwen Mhe Dackus, Natalie D Ter Hoeve, Mark Opdam, Willem Vreuls, Zsuzsanna Varga, Esther Koop, Stefan M Willems, Carolien Hm Van Deurzen, Emilie J Groen, Alicia Cordoba, Jos Bart, Antien L Mooyaart, Jan G van den Tweel, Vicky Zolota, Jelle Wesseling, Anna Sapino, Ewa Chmielik, Ales Ryska, Frederic Amant, Annegien Broeks, Ron Kerkhoven, Nikolas Stathonikos, Mitko Veta, Adri Voogd, Katarzyna Jozwiak, Michael Hauptmann, Marlous Hoogstraat, Marjanka K Schmidt, Gabe Sonke, Elsken van der Wall, Sabine Siesling, Paul J van Diest, Sabine C Linn
INTRODUCTION: Currently used tools for breast cancer prognostication and prediction may not adequately reflect a young patient's prognosis or likely treatment benefit because they were not adequately validated in young patients. Since breast cancers diagnosed at a young age are considered prognostically unfavourable, many treatment guidelines recommend adjuvant systemic treatment for all young patients. Patients cured by locoregional treatment alone are, therefore, overtreated. Lack of prognosticators for young breast cancer patients represents an unmet medical need and has led to the initiation of the PAtients with bReAst cancer DIaGnosed preMenopausally (PARADIGM) initiative...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137884/uptake-and-effectiveness-of-folfirinox-for-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-a-population-based-study
#13
S Karim, J Zhang-Salomans, J J Biagi, T Asmis, C M Booth
AIMS: Although FOLFIRINOX is a standard treatment option for advanced pancreas cancer, there are few data describing utilisation and effectiveness in routine clinical practice. Here we report practice patterns and outcomes in the general population of Ontario, Canada. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Ontario Cancer Registry and New Drug Funding Program, we identified all patients with pancreas cancer treated with palliative intent gemcitabine or FOLFIRINOX in Ontario during 2006-2014...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137199/epidemiology-of-bone-fracture-in-female-trauma-patients-based-on-risks-of-osteoporosis-assessed-using-the-osteoporosis-self-assessment-tool-for-asians-score
#14
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Osteoporotic fractures are defined as low-impact fractures resulting from low-level trauma. However, the exclusion of high-level trauma fractures may result in underestimation of the contribution of osteoporosis to fractures. In this study, we aimed to investigate the fracture patterns of female trauma patients with various risks of osteoporosis based on the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) score. Methods: According to the data retrieved from the Trauma Registry System of a Level I trauma center between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015, a total of 6707 patients aged ≥40 years and hospitalized for the treatment of traumatic bone fracture were categorized as high-risk (OSTA < -4, n = 1585), medium-risk (-1 ≥ OSTA ≥ -4, n = 1985), and low-risk (OSTA > -1, n = 3137) patients...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137197/effect-of-age-on-glasgow-coma-scale-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-an-approach-with-propensity-score-matched-population
#15
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Pao-Jen Kuo, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: The most widely used methods of describing traumatic brain injury (TBI) are the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). Recent evidence suggests that presenting GCS in older patients may be higher than that in younger patients for an equivalent anatomical severity of TBI. This study aimed to assess these observations with a propensity-score matching approach using the data from Trauma Registry System in a Level I trauma center. Methods: We included all adult patients (aged ≥20 years old) with moderate to severe TBI from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2016...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136662/protective-effect-of-metformin-against-retinal-vein-occlusions-in-diabetes-mellitus-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Tai-Chi Lin, De-Kuang Hwang, Chih-Chien Hsu, Chi-Hsien Peng, Mong-Lien Wang, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Shih-Jen Chen
Previous studies have found that metformin can reduce cardiovascular risk, but its association with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is unknown. In this population-based cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we demonstrated the protective effect of metformin against RVO in diabetes mellitus (DM) and explored the incidence rate and factors associated with RVO development in general and diabetic populations. One million patients were randomly selected from the registry files of the NHIRD, and all their claims data were collected for the 1996-2011 period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136634/treatment-and-outcomes-of-working-aged-adults-with-stroke-results-from-a-national-prospective-registry
#17
Natasha A Lannin, Craig S Anderson, Joosup Kim, Monique Kilkenny, Julie Bernhardt, Christopher Levi, Helen M Dewey, Christopher Bladin, Peter Hand, Helen Castley, Kelvin Hill, Steven Faux, Rohan Grimley, Brenda Grabsch, Sandy Middleton, Geoffrey Donnan, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Given the potential differences in etiology and impact, the treatment and outcome of younger patients (aged 18-64 years) require examination separately to older adults (aged ≥65 years) who experience acute stroke. METHODS: Data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (2010-2015) including demographic and clinical characteristics, provision of evidence-based therapies and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) post-stroke was used. Descriptive statistics and multilevel regression models were used for group comparisons...
November 14, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136154/the-number-of-oocytes-retrieved-during-ivf-a-balance-between-efficacy-and-safety
#18
Åsa Magnusson, Karin Källen, Ann Thurin-Kjellberg, Christina Bergh
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between the number of oocytes collected in fresh IVF treatments and the likelihood of cumulative delivery rate (fresh and frozen) per oocyte aspiration, severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and thromboembolic events? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cumulative delivery rate per aspiration increases up to 20 oocytes retrieved and then evens out while the incidence of severe OHSS increases more rapidly from around 18 oocytes and thromboembolic events, although rare, occurs in particular if 15 or more oocytes are retrieved...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135986/splenomegaly-diagnostic-validity-work-up-and-underlying-causes
#19
Emelie Curovic Rotbain, Dennis Lund Hansen, Ove Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Flemming Wibrand, Allan Meldgaard Lund, Henrik Frederiksen
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the validity of the ICD-10 code for splenomegaly in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP), as well as to investigate which underlying diseases explained the observed splenomegaly. BACKGROUND: Splenomegaly is a common finding in patients referred to an internal medical department and can be caused by a large spectrum of diseases, including haematological diseases and liver cirrhosis. However, some patients remain without a causal diagnosis, despite extensive medical work-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135776/validation-of-molecular-pathology-codes-for-the-identification-of-mutational-testing-in-lung-and-colon-cancer
#20
Anil Vachani, Yu-Ning Wong, Jennifer Israelite, Nandita Mitra, Sakhena Hin, Lin Yang, Aaron Smith-McLallen, Katrina Armstrong, Peter W Groeneveld, Andrew J Epstein
BACKGROUND: Targeted therapy for patients with lung and colon cancer based on tumor molecular profiles is an important cancer treatment strategy, but the impact of gene mutation tests on cancer treatment and outcomes in large populations is not clear. In this study, we assessed the accuracy of an algorithm to identify tumor mutation testing in administrative claims data during a period before test-specific Current Procedural Terminology codes were available. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used Pennsylvania Cancer Registry data to select patients with lung or colon cancer diagnosed between 2007 and 2011 who were treated at the University of Pennsylvania Health System, and we obtained their administrative claims...
December 2017: Medical Care
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