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patient registries data base

Chih-Yuan Wang, Yi-Chan Chen, Ti-Hsuan Chien, Hao-Yu Chang, Yu-Hsien Chen, Chih-Ying Chien, Ting-Shuo Huang
Here we conducted a retrospective analysis of hospital-based trauma registry database for evaluating the impacts of comorbidities on the prognosis for traumatized patients using Index of Coexistent Comorbidity Disease (ICED) scores. We analyzed the data of patients with blunt trauma who visited emergency department between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015 in Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung branch, a single level I trauma center in the Northern Taiwan. All consecutive patients with blunt trauma who admitted to the intensive care unit or ordinary ward after initial managements in the emergency department were included...
2018: PloS One
Jan Pawel Bembenek, Michal Adam Karlinski, Iwona Kurkowska-Jastrzebska, Anna Czlonkowska
We aimed to provide a descriptive analysis of embolic stroke of undetermined etiology (ESUS) population based on a long-term prospective stroke registry. We retrospectively analyzed data collected in a detailed registry regarding consecutive patients admitted for first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) between January 2001 and December 2015. We used Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification supplemented with ESUS criteria proposed by the Cryptogenic Stroke/ESUS International Working Group. Within the ESUS group, we additionally compared patients ≤ 60 and > 60 years of age...
March 19, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Lynn Tan, Luke L Wang, Weranja Ranasinghe, Raj Persad, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Shomik Sengupta
Background: The aim of the paper is to investigate the outcomes of patients younger than 55 years in Victoria, Australia undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer. Materials and methods: Data on all men undergoing RP in Victoria between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2014 were obtained from the Victorian Cancer Registry. Tumor characteristics including Gleason grade, stage of disease (based on final pathology specimen), and cause of death were also obtained...
March 2018: Prostate International
Elliott C Dasenbrook, Gregory S Sawicki
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patient registries are valuable data sources for researchers studying the natural history, treatment paradigms, and long-term health outcomes of individuals with CF. In this review, we discuss the role of CF patient registries in facilitating comparative effectiveness research, particularly evaluating therapies and variation in health care delivery. We also discuss the limitations of registry-based research, particularly indication bias, as well as statistical methods that can be used to address these issues...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
J A McDougall, C G Helmick, S S Lim, J M Johnston, J R Gaddy, C Gordon, E D Ferucci
Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate differences in the diagnosis and management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by primary care and specialist physicians in a population-based registry. Methods This study includes individuals from the 2009 Indian Health Service lupus registry population with a diagnosis of SLE documented by either a primary care provider or specialist. SLE classification criteria, laboratory testing, and medication use at any time during the course of disease were determined by medical record abstraction...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
Maher El Chaar, Peter Lundberg, Jill Stoltzfus
BACKGROUND: According to recent American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery estimates, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is now the most commonly performed procedure in the United States (~53.8% of all bariatric procedures), followed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; 23.1% of all procedures). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes and safety of these 2 procedures in the first 30 days postoperatively using the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program data registry...
January 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Benjamin D Bray, Lizz Paley, Alex Hoffman, Martin James, Patrick Gompertz, Charles D A Wolfe, Harry Hemingway, Anthony G Rudd
BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate socioeconomic disparities in the incidence of hospitalisation for first-ever stroke, quality of care, and post-stroke survival for the adult population of England. METHODS: In this cohort study, we obtained data collected by a nationwide register on patients aged 18 years or older hospitalised for first-ever acute ischaemic stroke or primary intracerebral haemorrhage in England from July 1, 2013, to March 31, 2016. We classified socioeconomic status at the level of Lower Super Output Areas using the Index of Multiple Deprivation, a neighbourhood measure of deprivation...
March 14, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Klemen Pavlic, Maja Pohar Perme
A common goal in the analysis of the long-term survival related to a specific disease is to estimate a measure that is comparable between populations with different general population mortality. When cause of death is unavailable or unreliable, as for example in cancer registry studies, relative survival methodology is used-in addition to the mortality data of the patients, we use the data on the mortality of the general population. In this article, we focus on the marginal relative survival measure that summarizes the information about the disease-specific hazard...
March 13, 2018: Biostatistics
F Javaudin, B Leclere, J Segard, Q Le Bastard, P Pes, Y Penverne, P Le Conte, J Jenvrin, H Hubert, J Escutnaire, E Batard, E Montassier, A C Gr-Ré
INTRODUCTION: Loss of pupillary light reactivity (PLR) three days after a cardiorespiratory arrest is a prognostic factor. Its predictive value upon hospital admission remains unclear. Our objective was to determine the prognostic value of the absence of PLR upon hospital admission in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: We prospectively included all out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occurring between July 2011 and July 2017 treated by a mobile medical team (MMT) based on data from a French cardiac arrest registry database...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Isabelle Mahé, Ygal Benhamou, Hélène Helfer, Jean Chidiac
Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) are to date the standard for 3-to-6-month treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) as they are consistently recommended by international clinical practice guidelines. Despite the high risk of VTE recurrence and death in patients with cancer and the favorable benefit-risk profile of LMWH demonstrated in randomized-control studies, the implementation of treatment guidelines remains insufficient in the clinical practice. A systematic review of observational studies, registries and surveys reveals that approximately only 50% of patients with CAT are treated according to practice guidelines while both physicians and patients may be accountable for this situation...
March 12, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
Morten Schmidt, Michael Maeng, Morten Madsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Carl-Johan Jakobsen
The WDHR (Western Denmark Heart Registry) is a seminational, multicenter-based registry with longitudinal registration of detailed patient and procedure data since 1999. The registry includes as of January 1, 2017 approximately 240,000 coronary angiographies, 90,000 percutaneous coronary interventions, 60,000 cardiac computed tomographies, 40,000 cardiac operations, and 2,000 transcatheter aortic valve replacements. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography, single-photon emission computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are soon to be added...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Jihyun An, Jong Woo Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Seungbong Han, Chang Sik Yu, Jaewon Choe, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh, Jin Hyoung Kim, Han Chu Lee
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological evidences suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma. This prospective hospital registry-based case-control study aimed to investigate the sero-epidemiological association between chronic HBV infection and various types of cancer. METHODS: 95,034 patients with first-diagnosed non-hepatocellular malignancy in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2014; and 118,891 non-cancer individuals as controls from a health promotion center were included...
2018: PloS One
Guoqing Zhang, Renfeng Li, Yilei Deng, Longshuan Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compared with overall survival, conditional survival is a more relevant measure of prognosis in surviving patients over time. The aim of this study was to describe the conditional survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma according to different prognostic variables through an analysis of a national population-based cancer registry. METHODS: We analyzed data from 3,082 hepatocellular carcinoma patients who were diagnosed between 2004 and 2014...
March 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Leila R Zelnick, Jonathan S Schildcrout, Patrick J Heagerty
The use of outcome-dependent sampling with longitudinal data analysis has previously been shown to improve efficiency in the estimation of regression parameters. The motivating scenario is when outcome data exist for all cohort members but key exposure variables will be gathered only on a subset. Inference with outcome-dependent sampling designs that also incorporates incomplete information from those individuals who did not have their exposure ascertained has been investigated for univariate but not longitudinal outcomes...
March 15, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
Giuliano Tosello, Maria Regina Torloni, Bruna S Mota, Teresa Neeman, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Metastatic breast cancer is not a curable disease, but women with metastatic disease are living longer. Surgery to remove the primary tumour is associated with an increased survival in other types of metastatic cancer. Breast surgery is not standard treatment for metastatic disease, however several recent retrospective studies have suggested that breast surgery could increase the women's survival. These studies have methodological limitations including selection bias. A systematic review mapping all randomised controlled trials addressing the benefits and potential harms of breast surgery is ideal to answer this question...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mehri Rejali, Salman Daneshi, Maryam Hadipour, Hossein Tavazohi, Hossein Molavi Vardanjani
Background: Case finding was improved to the population-based method at the Isfahan Cancer Registry (ICR) during 2005-2008. However, its effects on the number of registered colorectal cancer (CRC) cases and patients' age are not investigated. Therefore, present study designed to investigate the effect of that improvement on the trend of incidence of CRC, and age of CRC cases in ICR's catchment area. Methods: Data from the ICR were retrieved by years for 2000-2011...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Irene Bighelli, Georgia Salanti, Cornelia Reitmeir, Sofia Wallis, Corrado Barbui, Toshi A Furukawa, Stefan Leucht
INTRODUCTION: There is rising awareness that we need multidisciplinary approaches integrating psychological treatments for schizophrenia, but a comprehensive evidence based on their relative efficacy is lacking. We will conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA), integrating direct and indirect comparisons from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to rank psychological treatments for schizophrenia according to their efficacy, acceptability and tolerability. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include all RCTs comparing a psychological treatment aimed at positive symptoms of schizophrenia with another psychological intervention or with a no treatment condition (waiting-list and treatment as usual)...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Molly P Jarman, Elliott R Haut, Frank C Curriero, Renan C Castillo
BACKGROUND: Many rural, low income, and historically underrepresented minority communities lack access to trauma center services, including surgical care and injury prevention efforts. Along with features of the built and social environment at injury incident locations, geographic barriers to trauma center services may contribute to injury disparities. This study sought to classify injury event locations based on features of the built and social environment at the injury scene, and to examine patterns in individual patient demographics, injury characteristics, and mortality by location class...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Po-Chi Chan, Wei-Lun Chang, Min-Hsien Hsu, Chung-Hsin Yeh, Chih-Hsin Muo, Ko-Shih Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Bor-Tsang Wu, Ching-Hsiang Lai, Ching-Hsiao Lee, Hua Ting, Fung-Chang Sung
No study has investigated the role of pancreatic cancer in the stroke risk using population data. We used claims data obtained from a universal health insurance program of Taiwan to evaluate the stroke risk in pancreatic cancer patients.From the catastrophic disease registry of the insurance, we identified 7479 patients with pancreatic malignancy without stroke history from 2000 to 2009. The comparison cohort consisted of 29,916 individuals identified from 1 million insured people without cancer and stroke history, matching with the cancer cohort by propensity score...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jin Soo Lee, Seong-Joon Lee, Ji Man Hong, Jin Wook Choi, Jeong-Ho Hong, Hyuk-Won Chang, Chang-Hyun Kim, Yong-Won Kim, Dong-Hun Kang, Yong-Sun Kim, Bruce Ovbiagele, Andrew M Demchuk, Yang-Ha Hwang, Sung-Il Sohn
Background and Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the influence of temporal patterns related to the availability of new endovascular treatment (EVT) devices on care processes and outcomes among patients with AIS. Materials and Methods: We enrolled 720 consecutive patients (January 2011 to May 2016) in a retrospective registry, ASIAN KR, from three Korean hospitals, who received EVT for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by cervicocephalic arterial occlusions...
March 2018: Neurointervention
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