Read by QxMD icon Read

patients registries

Peter J Carr, Niall S Higgins, Marie L Cooke, Gabor Mihala, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Most people admitted to hospitals worldwide require a vascular access device (VAD). Hundreds of millions of VADs are inserted annually in the USA with reports of over a billion peripheral intravenous catheters used annually worldwide. Numerous reports suggest that a team approach for the assessment, insertion, and maintenance of VADs improves clinical outcomes, the patient experience, and healthcare processes. OBJECTIVES: To compare the use of the vascular access specialist team (VAST) for VAD insertion and care to a generalist model approach for hospital or community participants requiring a VAD in terms of insertion success, device failure, and cost-effectiveness...
March 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luis Jara-Palomares, Remedios Otero, David Jimenez, Juan Manuel Praena-Fernandez, Carme Font, Conxita Falga, Silvia Soler, David Riesco, Peter Verhamme, Manuel Monreal
The usefulness of a diagnostic workup for occult cancer in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) is controversial. We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) database to perform a nested case-control study to validate a prognostic score that identifies patients with unprovoked VTE at increased risk for cancer. We dichotomized patients as having low- (≤2 points) or high (≥3 points) risk for cancer, and tried to validate the score at 12 and 24 months. From January 2014 to October 2016, 11,695 VTE patients were recruited...
2018: PloS One
Chih-Yuan Wang, Yi-Chan Chen, Ti-Hsuan Chien, Hao-Yu Chang, Yu-Hsien Chen, Chih-Ying Chien, Ting-Shuo Huang
Here we conducted a retrospective analysis of hospital-based trauma registry database for evaluating the impacts of comorbidities on the prognosis for traumatized patients using Index of Coexistent Comorbidity Disease (ICED) scores. We analyzed the data of patients with blunt trauma who visited emergency department between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015 in Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung branch, a single level I trauma center in the Northern Taiwan. All consecutive patients with blunt trauma who admitted to the intensive care unit or ordinary ward after initial managements in the emergency department were included...
2018: PloS One
Marte Meyer Walle-Hansen, Sigurd Høye
Antibiotic consumption varies greatly between Norwegian municipalities. We examine whether this variation is associated with inhabitants' consultation rates or general practitioners' (GP) prescription rates. Our study comprises consultations and antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in general practice in all Norwegian municipalities with over 5000 inhabitants in 2014. Data was collected from The Norwegian Prescription Database, The Directorate of Health's system for control and payment of health reimbursements registry and Norway Statistics...
March 20, 2018: Antibiotics
Steven K M Lau, Bhavani S Gannavarapu, Kristen Carter, Ang Gao, Chul Ahn, Jeffrey J Meyer, David J Sher, Aminah Jatoi, Rodney Infante, Puneeth Iyengar
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic status (SES) influences health care outcomes, but the influence of primary payer on cancer-associated wasting is unknown. We hypothesized that primary payer as an indicator of SES would influence pretreatment cancer-associated weight loss and treatment outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records identified 1,366 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) consecutively treated at a tertiary care health system between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2013...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Piotr Czempik, Daniel Cieśla, Piotr Knapik, Łukasz Krzych
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients has a deleterious impact on the prognosis, especially when renal replacement therapy (RRT) is required. This issue has not yet been investigated in the intensive care setting in Poland. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of AKI-RRT subjects, based on a large registry population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational multicenter study covered 100 demographic and clinical variables from the Silesian Registry of ICUs regarding 15,030 adult patients hospitalized between October 2011 and December 2014...
March 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Anna Lindfors, Åsa Åkesson, Christian Staf, Per Sjöli, Karin Sundfeldt, Pernilla Dahm-Kähler
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare robotic and open surgery in elderly women diagnosed as having endometrial cancer, in terms of costs, survival, surgical outcome, and operating time. METHODS: Women 70 years or older undergoing open and robotic surgery for endometrial cancers were included consecutively before and after the introduction of robotic surgery at a tertiary center. Costs were calculated using the case-costing system, cost per patient, including the first 30 postoperative days...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Rena Kaneko, Yuzuru Sato, Yasuki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is a relatively rare cancer that is difficult to diagnose and has a poor prognosis. Currently, knowledge concerning its etiology, tumor localization, and pathological features remains limited. The present study aimed to clarify the clinico-epidemiologic nature of cholangiocarcinoma with its clinical subtypes using the largest regional cancer registry in Japan. METHODS: Using a regional cancer registry in Kanagawa prefecture, Japan, we estimated three-year and five-year survival rates of cholangiocarcinoma patients, who were classified into two groups: intrahepatic (i-CCA) and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (e-CCA) cases...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Su-Meng Liu, Ning-Li Wang, Zhen-Tao Zuo, Wei-Wei Chen, Di-Ya Yang, Zhen Li, Yi-Wen Cao
In accordance with the trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference theory, decreasing the trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference can relieve glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Increased intracranial pressure can also reduce optic nerve damage in glaucoma patients, and a safe, effective and noninvasive way to achieve this is by increasing the intra-abdominal pressure. The purpose of this study was to observe the changes in orbital subarachnoid space width and intraocular pressure at elevated intra-abdominal pressure...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Chao-Liang Tang, Juan Li, Zhe-Tao Zhang, Bo Zhao, Shu-Dong Wang, Hua-Ming Zhang, Si Shi, Yang Zhang, Zhong-Yuan Xia
Dexmedetomidine has sedative, anxiolytic, analgesic, anti-sympathetic, and anti-shivering effects. Dexmedetomidine might be effective in combination with sevoflurane for anesthesia, but prospective randomized controlled clinical trials with which to verify this hypothesis are lacking. In total, 120 patients who underwent embolization of an intracranial aneurysm were recruited from Anhui Provincial Hospital and Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University of China and randomly allocated to two groups. After intraoperative administration of 2% to 3% sevoflurane inhalation, one group of patients received pump-controlled intravenous injection of 1...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Maurits Boon, Colin Huntley, Armin Steffen, Joachim T Maurer, J Ulrich Sommer, Richard Schwab, Erica Thaler, Ryan Soose, Courtney Chou, Patrick Strollo, Eric J Kezirian, Stanley Chia, Kirk Withrow, Mark Weidenbecher, Kingman Strohl, Karl Doghramji, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser
Objective Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is an alternative treatment option for patients unable to tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies support the safety and efficacy of this therapy. The aim of this registry is to collect retrospective and prospective objective and subjective outcome measures across multiple institutions in the United States and Germany. To date, it represents the largest cohort of patients studied with this therapy...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Atsushi Natsume, Junki Mizusawa, Hiroshi Katayama, Haruhiko Fukuda, Minako Sumi, Ryo Nishikawa, Yoshitaka Narita, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Takashi Maruyama, Tamio Ito, Takaaki Beppu, Hideo Nakamura, Takamasa Kayama, Shinya Sato, Motoo Nagane, Kazuhiko Mishima, Yoko Nakasu, Kaoru Kurisu, Fumiyuki Yamasaki, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Takanori Onishi, Yasuo Iwadate, Mizuhiko Terasaki, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Akira Matsumura, Eiichi Ishikawa, Hikaru Sasaki, Akitake Mukasa, Takayuki Matsuo, Hirofumi Hirano, Toshihiro Kumabe, Nobusada Shinoura, Naoya Hashimoto, Tomokazu Aoki, Akio Asai, Tatsuya Abe, Atsuo Yoshino, Yoshiki Arakawa, Kenichiro Asano, Koji Yoshimoto, Soichiro Shibui
PURPOSE: This study explored the superiority of temozolomide (TMZ) + interferonβ (IFNβ) to standard TMZ as treatment for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) via randomized phase II screening design. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Eligibility criteria included histologically proven GBM, with 50% of the tumor located in supratentorial areas, without involvement of the optic, olfactory nerves, and pituitary gland and without multiple lesions and dissemination. Patients in the TMZ + radiotherapy (RT) arm received RT (2...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Zusen Ye, Hao Zhang, Lingli Sun, Huan Cai, Yonggang Hao, Zongliang Xu, Zhizhong Zhang, Xinfeng Liu
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels increase the risk of poor functional disability in patients with ischemic stroke (IS). This study aimed to investigate the association between CRP gene polymorphisms and 3-month functional disability of large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke in Han Chinese. Patients with first-ever LAA IS were prospectively enrolled in Nanjing Stroke Registry Program between August 2013 and October 2015. Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs876537, rs2794520, rs3093059, rs7553007 and rs11265260) in CRP gene related to CRP levels in Asian by genome-wide association study were genotyped...
March 19, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
Philip H Pucher, L Michael Brunt, Neil Davies, Ali Linsk, Amani Munshi, H Alejandro Rodriguez, Abe Fingerhut, Robert D Fanelli, Horacio Asbun, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, remains associated with significant major morbidity including bile leak and bile duct injury (BDI). The effect of changes in practice over time, and of interventions to improve patient safety, on morbidity rates is not well understood. The aim of this review was to describe current incidence rates and trends for BDI and other complications during and after LC, and to identify risk factors and preventative measures associated with morbidity and BDI...
March 19, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Jan Pawel Bembenek, Michal Adam Karlinski, Iwona Kurkowska-Jastrzebska, Anna Czlonkowska
We aimed to provide a descriptive analysis of embolic stroke of undetermined etiology (ESUS) population based on a long-term prospective stroke registry. We retrospectively analyzed data collected in a detailed registry regarding consecutive patients admitted for first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) between January 2001 and December 2015. We used Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification supplemented with ESUS criteria proposed by the Cryptogenic Stroke/ESUS International Working Group. Within the ESUS group, we additionally compared patients ≤ 60 and > 60 years of age...
March 19, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Marike van der Leeden, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker
The study summarizes the evidence on the effectiveness of therapeutic shoes on foot function, foot pain, physical functioning, health-related quality of life, adherence, adverse events and patient satisfaction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Studies investigating the effect of (ready- or custom-made) therapeutic shoes were included. For between-group designs, studies comparing therapeutic shoes versus non-therapeutic shoes were included. A literature search was conducted in The Cochrane Central Registry for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE and PEDro up to January 19, 2017...
March 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
Mónica Fernandez Castro, Carlos Sánchez-Piedra, Jose Luis Andreu, Víctor Martínez Taboada, Alejandro Olivé, Jose Rosas
INTRODUCTION: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and other organs, resulting in dry eye, dry mouth and extraglandular systemic findings. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of severe or very severe dry eye with extraocular involvement in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: SJOGRENSER registry is a multicenter cross-sectional study of pSS patients...
March 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
Lynn Tan, Luke L Wang, Weranja Ranasinghe, Raj Persad, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Shomik Sengupta
Background: The aim of the paper is to investigate the outcomes of patients younger than 55 years in Victoria, Australia undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer. Materials and methods: Data on all men undergoing RP in Victoria between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2014 were obtained from the Victorian Cancer Registry. Tumor characteristics including Gleason grade, stage of disease (based on final pathology specimen), and cause of death were also obtained...
March 2018: Prostate International
Ying Liu, Brent Logan, Ning Liu, Zhiyuan Xu, Jian Tang, Yanzhi Wang
In this paper, we propose the first deep reinforcement learning framework to estimate the optimal Dynamic Treatment Regimes from observational medical data. This framework is more flexible and adaptive for high dimensional action and state spaces than existing reinforcement learning methods to model real life complexity in heterogeneous disease progression and treatment choices, with the goal to provide doctor and patients the data-driven personalized decision recommendations. The proposed deep reinforcement learning framework contains a supervised learning step to predict the most possible expert actions; and a deep reinforcement learning step to estimate the long term value function of Dynamic Treatment Regimes...
August 2017: Healthcare Informatics: the Business Magazine for Information and Communication Systems
Tania Pawade, Marie-Annick Clavel, Christophe Tribouilloy, Julien Dreyfus, Tiffany Mathieu, Lionel Tastet, Cedric Renard, Mesut Gun, William Steven Arthur Jenkins, Laurent Macron, Jacob W Sechrist, Joan M Lacomis, Virginia Nguyen, Laura Galian Gay, Hug Cuéllar Calabria, Ioannis Ntalas, Timothy Robert Graham Cartlidge, Bernard Prendergast, Ronak Rajani, Arturo Evangelista, João L Cavalcante, David E Newby, Philippe Pibarot, David Messika Zeitoun, Marc R Dweck
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography aortic valve calcium scoring (CT-AVC) holds promise for the assessment of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We sought to establish the clinical utility of CT-AVC in an international multicenter cohort of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with AS who underwent ECG-gated CT-AVC within 3 months of echocardiography were entered into an international, multicenter, observational registry. Optimal CT-AVC thresholds for diagnosing severe AS were determined in patients with concordant echocardiographic assessments, before being used to arbitrate disease severity in those with discordant measurements...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"